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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691311

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the association between the genotype (LL, LS and SS) of serotonin transporter promoter gene polymorphism(5-HTTLPR) and clinicopathological factors, and to investigate the effect of 5-HTTLPR on the prognosis of colorectal cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of peripheral blood samples of 161 colorectal cancer patients at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from October 2009 to January 2014 were collected retrospectively. The genotyping of 5-HTTLPR was determined by PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis. Coincidence Chi-square test was used to examine the 5-HTTLPR genotype with Hardy-Weinberg law. Chi-square test and Cox multifactor model were used to analyze the association of 5-HTTLPR genotype with clinicopathology and prognosis. All the patients were informed and agreed to participate in the study. This study was approved by the Hospital Ethics Committee (2015056).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 161 colorectal cancer patients, 89 were male and 72 were female; the median age was 64 (25-85) years; 86 (53.5%) cases were colon cancer and 75 (46.5%) were rectal cancer. Genotype was LL in 12 cases, LS in 59 cases and SS in 90 cases, which complied with the law of Hardy-Weinberg genetic balance (χ²=0.288, P=0.592). Univariate analysis showed that 5-HTTLPR gene polymorphism was only associated with lymph node metastasis [lymph node metastasis rate: LL and LS genotype 21.1% (15/71);SS genotype 40.0% (36/90), χ²= 6.532, P=0.011]. The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates of whole patients were 71% and 63% respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the SS genotype was an independent risk factor affecting the overall survival of colorectal cancer patients(HR=1.933, 95%CI:1.090-3.428, P=0.024).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Among genotypes of 5-HTTLPR gene, colorectal cancer patients with SS genotype have higher risk of lymph node metastasis and poorer prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Genetics
2.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 949-952,957, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697730

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the susceptibility of serotonin promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)rs956304 to chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting(CINV)in colorectal cancer.Methods Rs956304 genotypes and the clinical pathological data of 166 patients with colorectal cancer from September 2009 to April 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Rs956304 genotype was analyzed by sequencing. The correlations between rs956304 genotype,factors of clinical pathology and CINV were analyzed by chi-square test. Unconditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the independent effect of rs956304 genotype on colorectal cancer CINV. Results Chi-square test showed that moderate to severe CINV was associated with rs956304 AG+GG genotype (P=0.011). Unconditional logistic regression model showed that the patients with AG+GG genotype had a signifi-cant higher risk of moderate to severe CINV than AA genotype(OR=3.215,95% CI:1.202 to 8.599,P=0.020). Conclusion Rs956304 AG+GG genotype is an independent risk factor for moderate to severe colorectal cancer CINV.

3.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 79-82, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609841

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of endoscopic management of foreign bodies in the upper digestive tract. Methods Clinical data and endoscopic treatment methods of 41 patients were retrospectively analyzed from October 2014 to May 2016. Patients with incomplete medical records were excluded. Results Foreign bodies in the upper digestive tract occurred high frequency in elderly. 53.6% of the foreign bodies were located in the esophagus. Date stones was the main type of foreign bodies (56.1%). 41 cases with foreign bodies in digestive tract were successfully extracted, while 1 case occurred perforation. Conclusion Endoscopic management of gastrointestinal foreign bodies is safe and effective.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353732

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the impact of platelet count on the prognosis of stage II-III colorectal cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical and follow-up data of 286 patients with stage II-III colorectal cancer receiving adjuvant FOLFOX chemotherapy from March 2003 to October 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. Associations of baseline blood platelet count before chemotherapy and nadir blood platelet count during chemotherapy with relapse and death after adjuvant chemotherapy were analyzed by ROC curve and the optimal cutoff was selected. The association of the blood platelet count and the prognosis was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ROC curve showed the baseline blood platelet count was associated with recurrence (AUC=0.588, P=0.034). The optimal cutoff affecting recurrence was 276×10(9)/L. Kaplan-Meier showed those with baseline platelet count >276×10(9)/L receiving adjuvant chemotherapy had worse disease free survival (DFS) than those with baseline platelet count ≤276×10(9)/L, whose 5-year disease free survival(DFS) was 66% and 80% respectively (P=0.013). Cox regression analysis revealed baseline platelet count >276×10(9)/L was an independent unfavorable factor for DFS of adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer (HR=1.865, 95% CI: 1.108-3.141, P=0.019).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Colorectal cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy with baseline platelet count >276×10(9)/L have worse prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Fluorouracil , Humans , Leucovorin , Neoplasm Staging , Organoplatinum Compounds , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
5.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2988-2991, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482259

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the impact of rs3826392 polymorphism in MKK4 promoter on prognosis of colorectal cancer cases (CRC) receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Methods The associations between rs3826392 genotype of 203 CRC cases receiving adjuvant chemotherapy and clinicopathologic factors,overall survival (OS), disease free survival (DFS) were analyzed retrospectively. Results No association was found between rs3826392 genotype and clinicopathologic factors (P > 0.05). TG+GG genotype had better OS (P = 0.018) and DFS (P =0.019) when compared with TT genotype. Cox multivariate model showed rs3826392 TG+GG genotype remained independent favorable factor for OS(HR = 0.389;95%CI = 0.177-0.855) and DFS(HR=0.491;95%CI = 0.271-0.890) respectively. Conclusion -1304G variant genotypes (i.e., TG+GG) in rs3826392 may be the biomarker of better prognosis in CRC receiving adjuvant chemotherapy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456830

ABSTRACT

Background:Fenretinide,which is capable of generating reactive oxygen species( ROS ),has emerged as a promising antineoplastic agent based on numerous in vitro and in vivo studies and clinical chemoprevention trials. Preliminary studies showed that fenretinide could induce apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma( HCC)cells in vitro, however,the precise mechanism was not clarified. Aims:To elucidate the effect of ROS on apoptosis of human HCC cells induced by fenretinide and the underlying mechanism. Methods:Human HCC cell line Huh-7 was treated with antioxidant vitamin E,fenretinide or their combination,respectively. ROS in live cells was evaluated by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry;cell viability and apoptosis were assessed by CellTiter-Glo Luminescent Cell Viability Assay Kit and Caspase-Glo3/7 Assay Kit;expression and intracellular localization of nuclear receptor Nur77,as well as expression of stress-induced transcription factor GADD153 were measured by immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting,respectively. Results:Vitamin E pretreatment fully blocked the fenretinide-induced ROS production. In Huh-7 cells pretreated with vitamin E,cell apoptosis induced by fenretinide was significantly reduced(P<0. 05). Furthermore,effect of vitamin E pretreatment was noteworthy on reducing fenretinide-induced GADD153 expression, while no significant impact on fenretinide-induced Nur77 expression and translocation was observed. Conclusions:Elimination of ROS by vitamin E can abrogate the pro-apoptotic effect of fenretinide on Huh-7 cells,which indicates the participation of ROS in fenretinide-induced apoptosis of human HCC cells. Its mechanism might be associated with induction of GADD153 protein expression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432352

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and significance of cyclin E in rectum carcinoma.Methods The expression of cyclin E was examined by immunohistochemical techniques in 42 cases of rectum carcinoma.Laboratory data were then analyzed statistically together with the related clinical and pathological data.Results The positive expression rate of cyclin E in rectum carcinoma was 66.7%(28/42).There was no significant association between cyclin E and gender,age,histological grade,pTNM stage,metastasis of lymph node (P > 0.05).Conclusions The expression of cyclin E in rectum carcinoma is higher,and it may show highly associated with the occurrence and development of the rectum carcinoma.Cyclin E has no significant association with age,gender,histological grade,pTNM stage,metastasis of lymph

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352360

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Evaluate the prognostic value of lymph node ratio (LNR) in patients undergoing resection of stage III colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathological and follow-up data were collected from 174 surgical patients with stage III colorectal cancer. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier method. The impact of LNR and clinicopathological factors on DFS and OS were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After a median follow-up of 62.5 months, the 5-year DFS and OS of the patients were 51.8% and 56.3%, respectively. The median number of lymph nodes harvested and the median number of positive lymph nodes examined were 10 and 3, respectively. The patients were stratified into 4 groups according to LNR quartiles (LNR1, LNR≤0.125; LNR2, 0.125<LNR≤0.260; LNR3, 0.260<LNR≤0.500; LNR4, LNR>0.500), whose 5-year DFS and OS were 64.2%, 53.5%, 41.8%, and 25.7% (P<0.05) and 68.1%, 60.8%, 49.2%, and 32.7% (P<0.05), respectively. Multivariate analysis identified age, T stage and LNR as the independent predictors of both DFS and OS. Subgroup analysis showed that LNR had an independent prognostic value on DFS and OS irrespective of the number of lymph nodes harvested.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LNR is an independent prognostic factor for survival in patients with stage III colorectal cancer and is superior to the pN category in TNM staging.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404223

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the association between -31C/G polymorphism in the promoter of survivin gene and the susceptibility to sporadic colorectal cancer in southern Chinese population. [Methods] Survivin-31C/G genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorpbism (PCR-RFLP) in 711 healthy controls and 702 CRC cases. [Results] The number of CRC patients carrying with CC genotype was much higher than those of controls (36.5 % vs. 26.12%, X~2=17.89, P<0.001). Compared with CC genotypes, CG, GG genotypes and G allele carriers had a significantly decreased risk of CRC, with the decrease being 0.61-fold (95% CI=0.46-0.81, P<0.001), 0.52-fold (95% CI=0.38-0.71, P<0.001) and 0.58-fold (95% CI=0.45-0.74, P<0.001), respectively. [Conclusion] Survivin gene -31C/G polymorphism is associated with sporadic CRC risk, the G variant genotypo is the independent protective factors against sporadic CRC in soutbem Chinese population.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2344-2348, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404987

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the association between -31C/G polymorphism in the promoter of survivin gene and the susceptibility to sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) in southern Chinese population. METHODS: survivin -31C/G genotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP in 711 healthy controls and 702 CRC cases. RESULTS: The number of CRC patients carrying with CC genotype was much higher than that of controls (36.5 % vs 26.2%,χ~2 =17.89,P<0.01). Compared to CC genotypes, CG, GG genotypes and G allele carriers had a significantly decreased risk of CRC, with the decrease being 0.61-fold (95% confidence interval=0.46-0.80, P<0.01), 0.52-fold (95% confidence interval=0.38-0.71,P<0.01) and 0.58-fold (95% confidence interval=0.45-0.74, P<0.01), respectively. CONCLUSION: survivin gene -31C/G polymorphism is associated with sporadic CRC risk, the G variant genotype is the independent protective factors against sporadic CRC in southern Chinese population.

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