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Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 638-648, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926749


Objective@#The study aimed to investigate the diurnal variation in cervical disc hydration and its relationship with cervical degeneration. @*Materials and Methods@#C3–C7 discs of 86 prospectively enrolled participants (37 males, 49 females; mean age ± standard deviation, 23.5 ± 2.5 years) were assessed using T2 mapping in the morning and evening. All discs were stratified by Miyazaki grade or C2–C7 Cobb angle and T2 values (T2). The degree of diurnal T2 variation (T2-DDV), defined as (morning T2 – evening T2)/morning T2 x 100%, was measured for the entire disc, annulus fibrosus (AF), nucleus pulposus (NP), and endplate zones. @*Results@#T2 of the entire disc decreased significantly after the daytime load (p < 0.001), with a T2-DDV of 13.3% for all discs and 16.0%, 12.2%, and 13.0% for healthy (grade I), mild degenerative (grade II), and advanced degenerative (grade III/IV) discs, respectively. T2 of regional NPs and AFs decreased significantly from morning to evening (p ≤ 0.049) except in the healthy anterior inner AF (p = 0.092). Compared with healthy discs, mild degenerative discs displayed lower T2 and T2-DDV in regional NPs (p < 0.001). Advanced degenerative discs showed higher T2-DDV in the anterior inner AF compared with healthy discs (p = 0.050). Significant diurnal T2 changes in the endplate zones were observed only in healthy discs (p = 0.013). Cervical discs in the low Cobb angle group showed higher T2-DDV in the anterior AFs and anterior NP and lower T2-DDV in the posterior AF than those in the high Cobb angle group (p ≤ 0.041). @*Conclusion@#This study characterized the diurnal variation in hydration of the cervical discs as assessed using T2 mapping and revealed early chemo-mechanical coupling dysfunction in degenerating discs. Cervical sagittal alignment on MRI can affect the diurnal stress patterns of the cervical discs. T2 mapping is sensitive to disc biomechanical dysfunction and offers translational potential from biomechanical research to clinical application.

Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 665-667, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618088


Nerve injury as a kind of tissue damage, inevitably stimulates nerve tissue inflammatory reaction, mediates neural tissue repair and regeneration, and participates in the occurrence of chronic pain. The high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in neurological pain plays an important role, HMGB1-TLR4 pathway is involved in the initiation and progression of neuropathy pain. If the mechanism of HMGB1-TLR4 pathway in the neurological pain is identified, it can provide an effective pain-relieving methods and new target for drugs.

Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 751-755, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480994


Objective To observe the interfractional variation and actual dose for cervical cancer patients treated with tomotherapy.Methods Five patients who received tomotherapy were chosen from Aug 2013 to Feb 2014.A megavohage computed tomography (MVCT) scan was performed before treatment and then registered with the planning CT images.Dose distributions were recalculated and targets were contoured on the MVCT images.The differences between the actual radiation and planning were analyzed.Results In the patients received external radiotherapy, the decline in cervix volume and maximum diameter was 68.90% and 26.91% , respectively (t =5.21, 8.39, P <0.05).Cervix, uterus and CTV movement in left-right, anteroposterior, superoinferior were 1.43,-7.72, 0.02,-0.40,-1.24, -6.51,-0.43,-1.68and-0.22mm.The medianCTV V95% was 99.40% (95.96%-100%), and missing volume was 6.94 cm3 (0-32.30 cm3).Conclusions During radiotherapy for cervical cancer patients, the volume, position and doses are different between initial plan and actual radiation.Based on image guided radiation therapy (IGRT), missing targets are limited.