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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873606


@#Objective    To investigate the perioperative hemodynamic changes of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) patients monitored by pulse recorded analysis method (MostCare/PRAM devices) and its relationship with the prognosis. Methods    A total of 89 patients who underwent OPCABG from October 2016 to January 2017 in Beiijng Anzhen Hospital were included, including 53 males and 36 females aged 60.50±8.40 years. The hemodynamic changes were recorded. The patients were divided into two groups (a major adverse cardiovascular events group and a stable group) according to whether major adverse cardiovascular events occurred or not. The difference of hemodynamic changes between the two groups was analysed. Results    The mean percentage increases of stroke volume (SV) in the passive leg raising (PLR) test before opening chest and after chest closure were 23.00%±3.20% and 29.40%±3.70%, respectively. Hemodynamic data were analysed seven times, namely, anaesthesia, opening chest, heparin administration, coronary artery bypass grafting, protamine administration, thoracic closure and after operation. SV was significantly decreased during above periods, while systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) was significantly increased. Cardiac circle efficiency (CCE) and maximum pressure gradient (dP/dT) were decreased after anaesthesia, and decreased to the lowest value during the procedure of bypass grafting, and then they began to increase gradually after the manipulation of bypass grafting was finished. Stroke volume variation (SVV) and pulse pressure variation (PPV) were slightly decreased during anaesthesia, then increased significantly through the whole surgery. Major adverse cardiovascular events occurred in 9 patients and 4 of them died. The basic mean values of SVRI, SVV and PPV of patients in the major adverse cardiovascular events group before opening chest were significantly higher than those of patients in the stable group. There was no significant difference in the mean values of CCE, dP/dT or SV between the two groups. There was no significant correlation between the prognosis and the mean values of SVRI, SVV, PPV, CCE, dP/dT or SV. Conclusion    The hemodynamic indexes are not stable, thus, it is necessary to monitor the perioperative hemodynamic changes of OPCABG patients timely by MostCare/PRAM device and adjust treatment measures accordingly.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383605


Objective To examine the incidence and risk factors associated with atrial fibrillation in elderly coronary heart disease patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.Methods From Jun.2008 to Jun.2009,one hundred and eleven patients received OPCAB in our hospital.Clinical data including coronary angiography,diseased vessels,number of bypass grafts,postoperative electrolyte,postoperative hemodynamic measurements,anti-arrhythmic drugs used and other risk factors for atrial fibrillation was collected and reviewed individually.The mean age of patients was(73.19±2.79)years(range from 70 to 82 years).Seventy-nine patients were male and 32 were female.The mean left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)was 0.57±0.12,NYHA Ⅰ-Ⅳ.All patients received OPCAB.Saphenous vein(SV)and left internal mammary artery(LIMA)were harvested and used as grafts.LIMA was routinely anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery (LAD),and SV was anastomosed to the other target vessels.The average number of grafts.was(2.79±0.54)per case.The mean operation time was(3.70±0.88)hours and the duration of ICU-staying was(1.32±0.94)days.The patients were divided into 2 groups:atrial fibrillation group and non-atrial fibrillation group.Results Four deaths occurred perioperatively.The mortality was 3.42%.Major postoperative complications included low cardiac output,respiratory dysfunction and acute kidney injury.Twenty seven out of 111 patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery had atrial fibrillation postoperatively.The incidence was 24.3%.Single factor analysis revealed that CVP,serum levels of potassium,magnesium,and SPO2 were lower significantly in atrial fibrillation group than those in the non-atrial fibrillation group,P<0.05.Conclusion Changes of perioperative electrolytes and circulating blood volume,decline in the oxygen saturation,and the occurrence of perioperative myocardial infarction after coronary artery bypass surgery were the risk factors associated with atrial fibrillation.