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National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 178-181, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357055


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the therapeutic effects of strontium-89 on osseous metastases of prostate cancer by bone scanning and bone alkaline phosphatase (B-AKP) measurement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One week before and within 6 months after strontium-89 therapy, bone scanning and B-AKP measurement were performed in 73 patients with bone metastases of prostate cancer. 1. According to the number of osseous lesions on bone imaging, the patients were divided into Grade 0, 1, 2 and 3, and the numbers of bone lesions before and after therapy were compared by t-test. 2. Tumor to non-tumor ratios(T/NT) before and after treatment were calculated and compared. 3. Changes in B-AKP before and after therapy were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1. Among the 73 patients, bone scanning revealed 618 bone lesions, averaging 8.6 +/- 7.4 before treatment. The number decreased to 349, averaging 3.8 +/- 6.7 after treatment, which showed a significant reduction (t = 4.079, P < 0.01). 2. After therapy, T/NT of bone lesions decreased significantly (t = 7.907, P < 0.01) from 5.36 +/- 4.67 to 3.17 +/- 2.95. 3. B-AKP decreased significantly (t = 3.349, P < 0.002) from (28.4 +/- 14.8) microgram/L to (20.9 +/- 11.7) microgram/L. 4. By bone scanning combined with B-AKP measurement, 5 false positive cases and 6 false negative cases were corrected.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is certain complementarity between bone scanning and B-AKP measurement, and they should be used in a combined way to achieve accurate evaluation of the therapeutic effects of strontium-89.</p>

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alkaline Phosphatase , Bone Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Bone and Bones , Diagnostic Imaging , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Prostatic Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Radionuclide Imaging , Strontium , Therapeutic Uses
China Oncology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548775


Background and purpose:Increased glucose metabolism is a characteristic of malignant tumors.This characteristic might be related to a facilitative glucose transporter(Glut-1) and the proliferating activities of tumors.This study was aimed to assess the relationship among the over-expression of facilitative glucose transporter(Glut-1) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) as well as the fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose(18F-FDG) uptake of tumors in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Methods:Between March 2005 and August 2006,40 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were imaged with 18F-FDG positron emission tomography(PET).Their maximum standard uptake values(SUVmax) were measured.The expression of Glut-1 and the proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) in the 40 cases were studied in paraffin sections by SP immunohistochemistry.Results:The 18F-FDG uptake of tumors of the 40 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma was 9.4?1.9(SUVmax).All 40 tumors tested Glut-1 positive and PCNA positive.The Glut-1 positive cells consisted of 45.18% of the tumor cell area,whereas the PCNA positive cells consisted of 36.18% of the tumor cell area.There were correlations between Glut-1 expression levels(r=0.369,P=0.019) and the tumors' 18F-FDG uptake but no correlations were found between PCNA expression level and the tumors' 18F-FDG uptake(r=0.135,P=0.407).Conclusion:Glut-1 over-expression correlates with 18F-FDG uptake whereas PCNA over-expression does not correlate with 18F-FDG uptake in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.