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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 120-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare anatomical locking plate fixation with versus without reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament in the treatment of acute and old Neer Ⅱb unstable distal clavicle fractures.Methods:From January 2015 to November 2020, 80 Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures were treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The First Hospital Affiliated to China Pharmaceutical University. There were 49 males and 31 females, aged from 32 to 78 years (average, 47.8 years). Of the 50 fresh fractures, 25 were treated by internal fixation with anatomical locking plate of distal clavicle plus reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament with suture anchor (reconstruction group A) while the other 25 by only internal fixation with anatomical locking plate of distal clavicle (non-reconstruction group A). Of the 30 old fractures which had not got united over 3 weeks after injury, 15 were treated by internal fixation with anatomical locking plate of distal clavicle plus reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament with suture anchor (reconstruction group B) while the other 15 by only internal fixation with anatomical locking plate of distal clavicle (non-reconstruction group B). At 1, 3 and 6 months postoperatively, Constant-Murley scale and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate shoulder function and pain. X-ray follow-ups were conducted to measure the coracoclavicular distance and observe fracture union and complications at the last follow-up.Results:All the 80 patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months (average, 13.8 months). For reconstruction group A and non-reconstruction group A, respectively, the union time for fresh fractures was (11.7±2.8) weeks versus (13.4±1.3) weeks, the rate of coracoclavicular distance increase 12.7%±6.2% versus 14.2%±8.0%, the Constant-Murley score 92.2±4.4 versus 90.9±5.7, showing no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). For reconstruction group B and non-reconstruction group B, respectively, the union time for old fractures was (12.8±1.9) weeks versus (19.4±6.7) weeks, the rate of coracoclavicular distance increase 12.3%±6.7% versus 21.5%±13.1%, the Constant-Murley score 93.0±5.9 versus 83.5±8.5, showing statistically significant differences between the 2 groups (all P<0.05). Conclusions:For fresh Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures, simple anatomical locking plate fixation can achieve satisfactory curative efficacy without additional reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament. However, for old Neer IIb distal clavicle fractures, additional reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament can better maintain the stability of the acromioclavicular joint, reduce the risk of internal fixation failure, and achieve better outcomes.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 804-809, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of zoledronic acid administration for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) after treatment with percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP).Methods:A retrospective case-control study was performed on 430 elderly patients with OVCF admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2012 to December 2016. There were 31 males and 399 females, with age of 52-92 years[(72.8±8.3)years]. Fracture segments were at T 5-T 10 (82 vertebrae), T 11-L 2 (389 vertebrae) and L 3-L 5 (173 vertebrae). In zoledronic acid group ( n=178), patients were given zoledronic acid 3 days after PKP surgery. In basic treatment group ( n=252), patients were only given basic treatment after PKP surgery. Bone mineral density was measured before operation and one year after operation. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were assessed before operation, 3 days and one year after operation. Incidence rate of refracture, mortality and complication rate were recorded after operation. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-60 months (mean, 27 months). Before operation and at postoperative 1 year, the vertebral bone mineral density in zoledronic acid group was (-2.3±1.5)SD and (-1.2±2.3)SD ( P<0.05), and that in basic treatment group was (-2.2±1.2)SD and (-2.1±1.1)SD ( P>0.05). At postoperative 1 year, the bone mineral density in zoledronic acid group was significantly better than that in basic treatment group ( P<0.05). At preoperative 3 days, postoperative 3 days and postoperative 1 year, the VAS was (8.6±0.8)points, (2.8±0.8)points, (2.1±0.8)points in zoledronic acid group, and was (8.5±1.1)points, (2.9±0.9)points, (3.0±2.3)points in basal treatment group; ODI was 48.7±5.3, 24.0±2.9, 22.3±3.3 in zoledronic acid group, and was 48.3±6.1, 24.5±3.8, 27.6±4.0 respectively in basal treatment group. The VAS and ODI were significantly reduced in two groups at postoperative 3 days and 1 year compared to those before operation ( P<0.05). Moreover, the VAS and ODI in zoledronic acid group were significantly lower than those in basal treatment group at postoperative 1 year ( P<0.05). At postoperative 2 years, the incidence rate of refracture in zoledronic acid group was 10.1%(18/178), significantly lower than 16.7%(43/252) in basic treatment group ( P<0.05). Mortality rate in zoledronic acid group was 5.1%(9/178), and that in basic treatment group was 6.3%(16/252) ( P>0.05). No serious complications were observed in both groups such as nerve injury or pulmonary embolism. Conclusion:For OVCF patients, zoledronic acid given after PKP can improve the bone mineral density, reduce pain, fasten function recovery, and effectively decrease the refracture rate.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 618-622, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754773

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of treating injury to the upper cervical spine with posterior internal fixation without bone graft fusion.Methods Included in this retrospective study were 35 patients with upper cervical injury who had been treated at Department of Orthopedics,The Second Affiliated Hospital to Soochow University from June 2010 to August 2017.They were 21 males and 14 females with an average age of 44.1 years (from 26 to 56 years).They were all treated firstly by posterior occipitocervical internal fixation or internal fixation with atlantoaxial pedicle screws without bone graft fusion.The internal fixation was then removed after a solid bone union was confirmed by X-ray.The scores of Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA),visual analogue scale (VAS),Neck disability index (NDI) and neck stiffness were used to evaluate the functional recovery of the upper cervical spine.We also observed the rotational range of the upper cervical spine using functional CT scan of C 1-C2.Results All the pedicle screws were successfully implanted after satisfactory intraoperative reduction,leading to no injury to the vertebral artery or spinal cord.All patients were followed up for an average of 18.1 months (from 7 to 28 months).At preoperation,post-implantation and final follow-up,the JOA scores were 6.5 ± 1.4,7.7 ± 1.5 and 16.1 ± 0.8 points,the VAS scores 6.1 ± 1.6,2.8 ± 0.8 and 1.1 ± 0.9 points,and the NDI scores 37.9 ± 2.6,20.3 ± 3.8 and 3.7 ± 1.7 points,showing significant improvements after internal fixation and after removal of internal fixation (P < 0.05).Serious neck stiffness was observed in none of the 35 patients,mild neck stiffness in 12 patients and freedom from neck stiffness in 23 patients.The postoperative radiological analysis revealed fine fracture reduction and bony union in all.After 6 to 12 months the rotation of upper cervical spine was obviously improved and the left-to-right range of rotation of C 1-C2 was 35.4° ± 2.6° as revealed by functional CT scan.Conclusion For the middle aged and young patients with new injury to the upper cervical spine,the posterior occipitocervical internal fixation or internal fixation with atlantoaxial pedicle screws can be performed without bone graft fusion at the first stage and removal of internal fixation can be done at the second stage so that the atlantoaxial rotation can be preserved to ensure satisfactory clinical efficacy while bone union can be also ensured and pain reduced.

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E372-E377, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803723

ABSTRACT

Tai Chi, developed from a kind of martial arts into a new form of exercise therapy, has received wide attention. Studies on the rehabilitation effects of Tai Chi and its mechanism have been conducted by researches in both China and other countries, and most of these studies are concerned with Tai Chi’s role in balance improvement. According to the purpose of the study and the evaluation index, the rehabilitation function and biomechanical characteristics of Tai Chi exercising were reviewed. The biomechanical mechanism of rehabilitation function was discussed by comparing the differences between the research method and the conclusion. Due to the lack of a unified specification for the standard and duration of Tai Chi exercising, some study result are inconsistent. Enhancing biomechanical researches on Tai Chi and setting different practicing standards for people with various health conditions will be a main direction for Tai Chi study in the future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 957-961, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469559

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of porous silk fibroin scaffolds (PSFSs) combined with chondroitinase ABC (ChABC)for treatment of rats with spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods After exposed to T9 spinal cord transection injury,96 SD rats were divided into control group,PSFSs group,ChABC group,and PSFSs plus ChABC group according to random number table.BBB scoring system was used to evaluate hindlimb motor function in rats.Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis were performed to detect expression levels of neurofilament-200 (NF-200),glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP),and growth associated protein-43 (GAP-43) of the injured spinal cord.Immuno-fluorescence staining was carried out to evaluate regeneration of nerve fiber.Results BBB score improved in PSFSs group (8.1 ± 0.8),ChABC group (9.0 ± 1.1),and PSFSs plus ChABC group (13.7 ± 1.3) compared with control group 4 weeks after injury (5.3 ±0.7,P <0.05).Immunohistochemistry showed higher integral absorbance (IA) values of NF-200 and GAP-43 in those treatment groups,but smaller GFAP-positive area was observed compared with control group (P < 0.05).Immuno-fluorescence staining indicated more GAP-43 growth at injury sites in PSFSs plus ChABC group in contrast with other 3 groups.Western blotting showed levels of NF-200,GFAP,and GAP-43 differed among groups (P < 0.05).Conclusion PSFSs combined with chondroitinase ABC transplantation can enhance axonal regeneration,inhibit glial scar proliferation and hence promote motor function recovery.

6.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 3336-3337,3340, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599880

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the distribution of drug resistance mutations and genotypes in the patients with chronic hepatitis B(CHB)in Taicang area.Methods 350 cases of CHB were selected and detect the drug resistance mutations and genotypes before using nucleoside(acid)anti-viral drugs.The correlation between the drug resistance mutations with genotypes in CHB patients was analyzed.Results Among 350 cases of CHB,the distribution of genotypes was genotype B in 172 cases,accounting for 49.14%, genotype C in 164 cases,accounting for 46.85%,genotype D in 9 cases,accounting for 2.57%,mixed genotype of B and C in 5 ca-ses,accounting for 1.42%,no other genotypes were found.In this study,the drug resistance mutations were detected in 58 cases,in-cluding 22 cases of genotype B,35 cases of genotype C and 1 case of genotype D,no drug resistance mutations were found in mixed genotype B and C.The drug resistance mutations sites:lamivudine resistance-associated mutations in 36 cases(10.28%),and adefo-vir resistance-associated mutations in 16 cases(4.57%)and entecavir associated resistance mutations in 6 cases(1.71%).Conclusion The genotype of CHB patients in Taicang area was dominated by genotype B and C,which accounting for more than 90% and the proportion of these two kinds of genotype is similar.The proportion of drug resistance mutation occurrence in the patients with gen-otype C is higher than that with genotype B.The lamivudine resistance-associated mutation has the highest proportion of drug re-sistance occurrence.It is suggested that the CHB patients with undefined medication history and recurrence treatment should be per-formed the drug resistance detection for selecting the targeted therapeutic schemes before accepting nucleoside(acid)drug therapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 718-721, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402904

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Autogenous bone has been used in cervical vertebra graft bone fusion in earliest stage and at most. However, its source is limited, simultaneously, induced many complications such as infection, hemorrhage and postoperative pain in the donor bone region. Recently, above-mentioned complications were avoided or reduced with the usage of new graft bone fusion material. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical efficacy using MC+~R combination of autogenous bone or calcium sulfate artificial bone in antador cervical fusion.METHODS: A total of 26 patients (34 levels) with cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent anterior cervical discectomy and cervical intervertebral fusion from January to December 2008. Anterior cervical oblique cut was 3.0-4.0 cm. The endplate were preserved after the cervical intervertebral disc and the posterior longitudinal ligament were removed. Autogenous bone group was filled with autogenous bone. Calcium sulfate artificial bone group was filled with Wdght's Osteoset artificial bone. Anchoring clip was implanted between the cervical vertebrae. Every patient had a short neck incision was assessed with X-ray, JOA grade and Odom's evaluation scale.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The two groups of 26 patients (34 segments)were followed up. The JOA score of postoperation was no significant difference between the two groups. According to the Odom's evaluation scale, the excellent and good rate of calcium sulfate group was higher than autogenous bone group, but there was not statistical significance (P>0.05). The fusion rate of autogenous bone group was higher than calcium sulfate group at 3 and 6 months, but the fusion rate of two groups were 100% at 12 months. Although the calcium sulfate group at 6 months, lordosis angle lost more than 0.4°than the autogenous bone group,but no significant statistically between the two groups (P>0.05). MC+ combination of autogenous bone or Calcium sulfate had the same clinical efficacy in the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, but the calcium sulfate artificial bone could be effectively avoided the complications of donor site.

8.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547013

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigated the clinical result of transpedicle fixation combined with injectable calcium sulfate vertebroplasty in patients with thoracolumbar fractures.[Method]From April 2005 to June 2007,43 patients with thoracolumbar fractures were treated with vertebroplasty reinforced by calcium sulfate injection and short-segment pedicle screw fixation.The symptom improvement was observed.Plain X-rays were taken at pre-operation and post-operation and final follow-up to determine the improvement of the injured vertebral height and Cobb′s angle.[Result]All the patients underwent surgery uneventfully.Thirty-eight patients were followed up for an average of 22 months.After operation Frankel Grading System improved to Grade E.The loss rates of anterior,mid and posterior height were 51.4%,41.5%,3.5% before operation but 11.7%,14.3%,1.7% after operation.The Cobb′s angles were improved from 16.3?preoperatively to 0.8?postoperatively.The loss rates of vertebral height between pre-operation and post-operation were significantly different(P0.05).There was no breakage of pedicle screw or loosening of instrument.Pain score by visual analog scale(VAS) reduced from 8.5 to 1.0.[Conclusion]The surgery of transpedicle fixation combined with injectable calcium sulfate vertebroplasty is a mini-invasive and effective method for the treatment of patients with thoracolumbar fracture.It can achieve and maintain kyphosis correction,decrease the instrument failure rate,and provide better postoperative outcomes.

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