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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the strategy and skills of reoperation for recurrent carcinoma at the stoma of esophagojejunostomy after total gastrectomy.Methods:The management experience in 18 patients at the Department of General Surgery, Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University from Oct 2016 to Jul 2021 were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Thirteen patients underwent left thoracoabdominal combined incision to completely remove the tumor.One patient developed anastomotic leakage, two patients developed pulmonary infection, one patient developed costochondritis, all were cured and discharged after conservative treatment; Nine patients had no postoperative complications. Two patients abandoned surgery due to high position of the tumor, 3 patients due to poor cardiopulmonary function, and were given radiotherapy and chemotherapy.The postoperative follow-up period was 4.6 to 42.9 months. Four patients died of tumor recurrence, and the remaining patients survived until the end of the follow-up. The overall 1-and 3-year recurrence-free survival rates were 100% and 20%, respectively.Conclusion:Surgery on recurrent carcinoma at esophagojejunostomy stoma after total gastrectomy, although difficult and challenging,could still benefit most patients when at the hands of expertise.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of body mass index (BMI) on lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:A total of 3 312 patients with COPD were selected from outpatients and inpatients in Department of Gerontal Respiratory Medicine of the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from August 2016 to August 2020, including 1 103 patients in stable period and 2 209 patients in acute exacerbation period. According to body mass index (BMI), these COPD patients were divided into four groups: low weight (56 cases, 131 cases), normal weight (448 cases, 945 cases), overweight (424 cases, 773 cases) and obesity groups (175 cases, 360 cases) respectively in stable stage and in acute exacerbation stage. The lung function of inspiratory capacity (IC), vital capacity (VC), residual volume (RV)/total lung capacity (TLC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV 1/FVC, maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO), DLCO normalized per liter alveolar volume (DLCO/VA), respiratory impedance (Zrs), respiratory resistance at 5 Hz (R5), respiratory resistance at 20 Hz (R20) and respiratory reactance at 5 Hz (X5) were measured using MasterScreen PFT in all patients, and the influence of BMI on lung function was analyzed respectively. The risk factors of impaired lung function were analyzed by ordered logistic regression with lung function grade as dependent variable and age, gender, smoking history, smoking index and BMI as independent variables (“%pred”represents the percentage of predicted value). Results:The proportion of patients with lung function grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ in acute exacerbation period (64.9%, 37%, 27.4%, 24.4%) was higher than that in stable stage (42.9%, 25.9%, 13.7%, 9.1%), while the proportion of patients with lung function grade Ⅰ in stable stage (21.4%, 34.2%, 38.2%, 40.0%) was higher than that in acute exacerbation period (7.6%, 20.0%, 25.4%, 22.8%) (all P<0.05). The IC%pred, VC%pred, FEV 1%pred, FVC%pred, FEV 1/FVC, MMEF%pred, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred and R20 in low weight group were significantly lower than other groups both in stable period and acute exacerbation period (all P<0.05). The RV/TLC was higher in low weight group than that of normal weight and overweight groups in both periods (all P<0.05). The IC%pred, FEV 1%pred, FEV 1/FVC, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred, R5 and R20 in overweight and obesity groups were higher than those of normal weight group (all P<0.05). The RV/TLC, FEV 1/FVC, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred, Zrs, R5 and R20 in obesity group were higher than those of overweight group (all P<0.05). The ordered logistic regression analysis showed that low weight was independent risk factor for impaired lung function of COPD both in stable period [ OR (95% CI) 2.316 (1.206-3.554)] and acute exacerbation period [ OR (95% CI): 2.457 (1.647-3.669)]. Conclusion:Lower BMI has an adverse effect on lung function, and it is an independent risk factor for impaired lung function in COPD patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and compare the foveal microvascular morphology and central foveal thickness (CFT) after laser retinal photocoagulation and intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and to explore the factors affecting the prognosis of vision.Methods:A cohort study was conducted.Forty children (40 eyes) aged 4-6 years, who had been treated in Peking University People's Hospital for type 1 ROP from January 2019 to December 2020, were enrolled.Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and refractive status of the patients were examined.The patients were divided into laser retinal photocoagulation group and anti-VEGF group according to they received a single laser retinal photocoagulation therapy or a single intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs (conbercept or ranibizumab 0.25 mg/0.025 mL) after birth.Twenty age-matched full-term healthy children (20 eyes) were enrolled as the normal control group.The FAZ area, superficial and deep foveal vessel density (VD) and CFT of the affected eyes were measured by OCTA at 4-6 years after treatment to investigate the influence of gestational age, birth weight, morphological characteristics of foveal microvessels and CFT on the prognosis of BCVA.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Peking University People's Hospital (No.2017PHB179-01). Written informed consent was obtained from the guardians prior to any medical examination.Results:There were statistically significant differences in FAZ area, superficial foveal VD and deep foveal VD among the three groups ( F=12.321, 8.436, 5.497; all at P<0.05). The FAZ area was smaller, and the superficial and deep foveal VD of the laser photocoagulation group and the anti-VEGF group were greater than those in the normal control group, and the difference was statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The CFT of the laser photocoagulation group was (267.6±11.8)μm, greater than (259.5±12.9)μm of the anti-VEGF group and (242.4±12.3)μm of normal control group, and the CFT value of the anti-VEGF group was greater than that of the normal control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). There was a strong negative correlation between the superficial foveal VD and FAZ area ( r=-0.713, P<0.05), a moderate negative correlation between the deep foveal VD and FAZ area ( r=-0.565, P<0.05), and a moderate positive correlation between gestational age and FAZ area ( r=0.485, P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis results showed that gestational age, FAZ, superficial foveal VD, deep foveal VD, CFT were all correlated with BCVA (all at P<0.05). The effects of gestational age and FAZ on BCVA were both statistically significant ( R2=0.615, both at P<0.05). Conclusions:The morphology of microvessels in macular fovea and the prognosis of BCVA in the affected eye is similar at 4-6 years after laser retinal photocoagulation and intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs for type 1 ROP.The CFT of the affected eye after anti-VEGF drug therapy is better than those after laser retinal photocoagulation.Gestational age and FAZ are the influencing factors of visual acuity after treatment in children with type 1 ROP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940426

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and mechanism of Mori Folium extract on the glucose and lipid metabolism disorders in the liver of rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor α/carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (PI3K/Akt/PPARα/CPT-1) signaling pathway. MethodThe T2DM model was induced by the high-fat diet combined with the intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a metformin (0.2 g·kg-1) group, and a Mori Folium water extract (4.0 g·kg-1) group according to blood glucose and body weight. In the 8-week administration, fasting blood glucose was measured at the same time every week. The histomorphological and fat changes in the rat liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and oil red O staining. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the serum were measured by biochemical methods. Western blot (WB) was used to quantitatively detect the protein expression of p-PI3K,PI3K,p-Akt,Akt,PPARα,and CPT-1 in the rat liver. ResultAfter 8-week administration, the blood glucose of rats was higher in the model group than that in the control group (P<0.01), and lower in the Mori Folium water extract group than that in the model group (P<0.01). The results of HE staining showed that the liver tissue structure of the control group was complete, and the hepatocytes were arranged radially around the central vein, while the hepatocyte injury in the model group was obvious. Compared with the model group, the Mori Folium water extract group showed improved vacuolar degeneration and no lesions such as small bile duct hyperplasia. Oil red O staining showed that there was no obvious steatosis and necrosis in the hepatocytes of rats in the control group, and no lipid droplets in the hepatocytes were observed, while the model group showed increased lipid droplets. Mori Folium significantly reduced the lipid droplets in the liver. Biochemical analysis showed that the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, AST, and ALT in the model group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.01). The levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, AST, and ALT in the Mori Folium water extract group were significantly lower than those in the model group (P<0.05,P<0.01). WB showed that the protein expression of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-Akt/Akt, PPARα, and CPT-1 in the model group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). Mori Folium water extract could increase the protein expression of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-Akt/Akt, PPARα, and CPT-1 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). ConclusionThe hypoglycemic mechanism of Mori Folium water extract may be related to the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/PPARα/CPT-1 signaling pathway.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939917

ABSTRACT

Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), which catalyzes the conversion from L-phenylalanine to trans-cinnamic acid, is a well-known key enzyme and a connecting step between primary and secondary metabolisms in the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway of plants and microbes. Schisandra chinensis, a woody vine plant belonging to the family of Magnoliaceae, is a rich source of dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans exhibiting potent activity. However, the functional role of PAL in the biosynthesis of lignan is relatively limited, compared with those in lignin and flavonoids biosynthesis. Therefore, it is essential to clone and characterize the PAL genes from this valuable medicinal plant. In this study, molecular cloning and characterization of three PAL genes (ScPAL1-3) from S. chinensis was carried out. ScPALs were cloned using RACE PCR. The sequence analysis of the three ScPALs was carried out to give basic characteristics followed by docking analysis. In order to determine their catalytic activity, recombinant protein was obtained by heterologous expression in pCold-TF vector in Escherichia coli (BL21-DE3), followed by Ni-affinity purification. The catalytic product of the purified recombinant proteins was verified using RP-HPLC through comparing with standard compounds. The optimal temperature, pH value and effects of different metal ions were determined. Vmax, Kcat and Km values were determined under the optimal conditions. The expression of three ScPALs in different tissues was also determined. Our work provided essential information for the function of ScPALs.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Phenylalanine/metabolism , Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase/chemistry , Recombinant Proteins , Schisandra/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928087

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the chemical components from the leaves and stems of Schisandra chinensis. Three norsesquiterpenoids were isolated from S. chinensis by various column chromatographies(silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and MCI), reversed-phase medium-pressure preparative, and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Their structures were identified based on physicochemical properties, mass spectrometry(MS), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR), ultraviolet(UV), and electro-nic circular dichroism(ECD) as(3R,4R,5R,6S,7E)-3,4,5,6-tetrahydroxy-7-megastigmen-9-one(1),(3S,5R,6R,7E)-3,5,6-trihydroxy-7-megastigmen-9-one(2), and(3S,4R,9R)-3,4,9-trihydroxymegastigman-5-ene(3). Compound 1 was a new compound, and its absolute configuration was determined by ECD. Compounds 2 and 3 were isolated from the Schisandra plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Schisandra
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1847-1858, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927822

ABSTRACT

Myostatin gene (MSTN) encodes a negative regulator for controlling skeletal muscle growth in animals. In this study, MSTN-/- homozygous mutants with "double muscle" phenotypic traits and stable inheritance were bred on the basis of MSTN gene editing rabbits, with the aim to establish a method for breeding homozygous progeny from primary MSTN biallelic mutant rabbits. MSTN-/- primary mutant rabbits were generated by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology. The primary mutant rabbits were mated with wild type rabbits to produce F1 rabbits, whereas the F2 generation homozygous rabbits were bred by half-sibling mating or backcrossing with F1 generation rabbits of the same mutant strain. Sequence analysis of PCR products and its T vector cloning were used to screen homozygous rabbits. The MSTN mutant rabbits with 14-19 week-old were weighed and the difference of gluteus maximus tissue sections and muscle fiber cross-sectional area were calculated and analyzed. Five primary rabbits with MSTN gene mutation were obtained, among which three were used for homozygous breeding. A total of 15 homozygous rabbits (5 types of mutants) were obtained (M2-a: 3; M2-b: 2; M3-a: 2; M7-a: 6; M7-b: 2). The body weight of MSTN-/- homozygous mutant rabbits aged 14-19 weeks were significantly higher than that of MSTN+/+ wild-type rabbits of the same age ((2 718±120) g vs. (1 969±53) g, P < 0.01, a 38.0% increase). The mean cross sections of gluteus maximus muscle fiber in homozygous mutant rabbits were not only significantly higher than that of wild type rabbits ((3 512.2±439.2) μm2 vs. (1 274.8±327.3) μm2, P < 0.01), but also significantly higher than that of MSTN+/- hemizygous rabbits ((3 512.2±439.2) μm2 vs. (2 610.4±604.4) μm2, P < 0.05). In summary, five homozygous mutants rabbits of MSTN-/- gene were successfully bred, which showed a clear lean phenotype. The results showed that the primary breeds were non-chimeric mutant rabbits, and the mutant traits could be inherited from the offspring. MSTN-/- homozygous mutant rabbits of F2 generation could be obtained from F1 hemizygous rabbits by inbreeding or backcrossing. The progenies of the primary biallelic mutant rabbits were separated into two single-allelic mutants, both of which showed a "double-muscle" phenotype. Thus, this study has made progress in breeding high-quality livestock breeds with gene editing technology.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Gene Editing , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Mutation , Myostatin/metabolism , Phenotype , Rabbits
8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1270-1276, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of dual-layer detector spectral CT in preoperative evaluation of immunohistochemical expression levels in breast cancer patients.Methods:The clinical, pathological and imaging data of breast cancer patients who received preoperative spectral CT chest scan in Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from October 2020 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 70 patients were divided into positive or negative estrogen receptor (ER) group, positive or negative progesterone receptor (PR) group, positive or negative human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) group, and positive or negative Ki-67 group according to the immunohistochemistry. Philips workstation and Special Diagnostic Suite software were used for processing and analysis. The CT value and iodine concentration value (IC) of the lesion and the effective atomic number (Z eff) of the lesion in the arterial and venous phases were measured, and the standardized CT value (NCT), standardized iodine concentration value (NIC), slope (K) of the keV-CT value curve in the arterial and venous phases as well as the CT difference and the IC difference in the arteriovenous phase were calculated. Independent sample t test was used to compare the differences in spectral parameters between patients with positive and negative immunohistochemical parameters, and ROC curve was used to analyze the efficacy of spectral parameters in the differential diagnosis of positive and negative different immunohistochemical parameters. Results:Z eff, NIC, K value, CT value, IC value of arterial and venous phase and NCT value of venous phase in negative ER group were higher than those in positive ER group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Z eff, NIC, K value, IC, CT difference in arteriovenous phase and IC difference in arteriovenous phase in positive HER2 group were higher than those in negative HER2 patients, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The arterial K value in positive Ki-67 group was higher than that in negative Ki-67 group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Taking arterial phase K value of 1.22 as the diagnostic threshold, it had the highest diagnostic efficiency in differential diagnosis of ER positivity versus negativity (area under curve of 0.791, sensitivity of 84.00%, specificity of 65.00%). Taking the arteriovenous phase IC difference of 0.47 mg/ml as the diagnostic threshold, it had the highest performance in differential diagnosis of HER2 positivity versus negativity (area under curve of 0.736, sensitivity of 76.32%, specificity of 65.62%). Conclusion:Dual-layer detector spectral CT has certain diagnostic value for the immunohistochemical expression of breast cancer patients, which can provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on overactive cardiac sympathetic nerves in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Method:Randomly divide the forty male 6-week-old salt-sensitive hypertensive rats into five groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group,and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 2∶1 group, each group has 8 animals, the normal control group was fed with low-salt feed, and the remaining four groups were fed with 8% high-salt feed. After 4 weeks of feeding, gastric feeding was started. Give both the normal control group and model group saline and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the 1∶2 group,and the 2∶1 group, were given Guizhitang aqueous solution at 4.0, 5.5 and 5.5 g·kg-1, respectively. Continuous gavage intervention was held for 4 weeks. IITC multi-channel non-invasive sphygmomanometer was used to detect changes of systolic blood pressure before and after treatment in rats. Left ventricular anterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVAWd) and interventricular septal diastolic thickness (IVSd) were detected by echocardiography. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and Masson staining were used to observe the myocardial morphological changes of rats in each group, Western blot was used to detect the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein. Result:After 4 weeks of intervention with Guizhitang, compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure, LVAWd and IVSd of the model group were significantly increased, and the expressions of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein were significantly increased (P<0.01). HE and Masson staining results showed that the model group had myocardial cell edema, a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration, myocardial fiber hyperplasia and disordered arrangement, and a large amount of collagen deposition could be seen in the intercellular substance. Compared with model group, the systolic blood pressure of rats in each Guizhitang group increased slowly, and the expression of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01),the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group has the best effect. The results of echocardiography shows that the 1∶1 Guishao group could reduce LVAWd and IVSd levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group could reduce IVSd level (P<0.05), there was no statistical difference in LVAWd, there was no statistical difference in LVAWd and IVSd in 2∶1 group. In terms of myocardial morphology, each group of Guizhitang can reduce cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, reduce myocardial fiber hyperplasia and collagen deposition, and improve the disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement. Among them, the 1∶1 group has the best effect. Conclusion:Guizhitang can inhibit the overactive activation of cardiac sympathetic nervous system,reduce the extent of myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy, and protect salt-sensitive hypertension rats, whose mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of heart NGF.Among them, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group is better than the 1∶2 and 2∶1 group in reducing myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Xiao Qinglongtang on chronic heart failure with cold phlegm in lung, and explore its mechanism of action. Method:A total of 87 patients with definite chronic heart failure were divided into observation group and control group by random number table method.The two groups received routine western medicine at the same time. Forty-two cases in observation group were treated with Xiao Qinglongtang based on western medicine, and 45 cases in control group received the same dose of placebo. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks, and then their cardiac function, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score and efficacy were compared before and after treatment. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured in both groups before and after treatment. The changes of standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN), square root of the mean squared differences of successive NN intervals (RMSSD), high frequency (HF) and low frequency (LF) that reflect autonomic nerve function indexes in heart rate variability (HRV) after treatment were compared between two groups. The changes of inflammatory indicators such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and highly sensitive C reaction protein (hs-CRP) were detected. Result:After treatment, the total effective rate for cardiac function in observation group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The TCM symptom scores were improved after treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and the total effective rate in observation group was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, LVEF levels significantly increased (P<0.01) and NT-proBNP levels significantly decreased (P<0.01) in both groups, and the effect in observation group was more obvious (P<0.01). After treatment, SDNN, RMSD, HF and LF indicators in HRV were all higher than those before treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and the improvement in observation group was more significant than that in control group (P<0.01). The levels of IL-6 and hs-CRP decreased after treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and the level of observation group was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Xiao Qinglongtang has certain clinical efficacy in treating chronic heart failure with cold phlegm in lung as it can improve the clinical symptoms of patients, regulate autonomic nervous balance, and inhibit inflammatory factors, providing new clinical ideas to treat chronic heart failure in TCM.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942460

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, diagnoses and treatments of head and neck occupying lesions in newborns. Methods: All newborns with head and neck occupying lesions admitted to Neonatel Intensive Care Unit of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University form January 2014 to November 2019 were included. There were 23 males and 17 females, admission age was from 2 d-28 d, and the clinical manifestations, examinations, treatments and outcomes were evaluated. Results: Among 40 newborns with head and neck occupying lesions, 22 cases were admitted with dyspnea, 15 cases with masses in oral cavity or head and neck, 2 cases with fever as the first symptom, and 1 case with hoarseness as the first symptom. There were 5 cases with local infection. All cases were examined with local ultrasound and CT or MRI. Nine cases with severe dyspnea were treated with invasive ventilationm, of them 6 cases underwent invasive ventilation for more than 48 hours, 4 cases received tracheal intubation and artificial nose. Diagnostic punctures were performed in 2 cases. Seven cases received conservative treatments. Surgeries were performed in 31 cases, and 25 cases obtained pathologic diagnoses, including 3 cases of soft palate mature teratomas, 1 case of hard palate teratoma, 1 case of granulosa cell tumor, 1 case of lobulated spindle cell tumor in tongue base, 1 case of polyp in right glottis, 1 case of polyp at esophageal entrance, 4 cases of lingual root cysts, 1 case of laryngeal cyst, 2 cases of thyroglossal duct cysts, 2 cases of lymphangiomas, 1 case of lymphangioma with hibernoma, 1 case of tracheal cyst, 1 case of esophageal cyst, 3 cases of left neck abscesses, 1 case of occipital hemangioma, and 1 case of left temporoparietal abscess. Conclusions: The head and neck occupying lesions in the newborn is prone to upper airway obstruction. Imaging examination can assist the diagnosis. Different treatments can be selected according to the natures of occupying lesions.


Subject(s)
Dermoid Cyst , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lymphangioma , Male , Neck , Teratoma/therapy , Thyroglossal Cyst
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879961

ABSTRACT

To establish a rabbit model of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type9 () point mutation with CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technique. According to the PubMed gene protein data, the PCSK9 protein functional regions of human and rabbit were analyzed by Blast. The 386S (Ser) amino acid functional region of human gene was homologous to the 485S of rabbit gene. Three small guide RNAs and one single-stranded donor oligonucleotide were designed according to the 485S base substitution position and sequence analysis of rabbit gene. The synthetic small guide RNAs, Cas9 mRNA and single-stranded donor oligonucleotide were co-injected into the cytoplasm of rabbit fertilized eggs and the embryos were transferred into the pregnant rabbits. PCR, TA cloning and off-target analysis were performed on the F0 rabbits to identify whether the PCSK9 mutation was successful. Fifteen F0 rabbits were obtained. The sequencing results showed that one of them was PCSK9 point mutation homozygote and two of them were PCSK9 point mutation heterozygotes, and the mutation could be stably inherited. The rabbit model of PCSK9 point mutation was successfully constructed by CRISPR/Cas9 technique, which provides an animal model for exploring the molecular mechanism of impaired PCSK9 function and developing reliable and effective diagnosis and treatment measures.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Mutation , Point Mutation , Proprotein Convertase 9/metabolism , Rabbits
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862692

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To observe the effect of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on the expressions of transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>)/Smads signaling pathway and interleukin-10(IL-10), IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>)related inflammatory cytokines in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats, in order to explore the mechanism of Guizhitang in improving myocardial fibrosis in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. <b>Method::Totally 40 male 6-week-old salt-sensitive rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the normal control group, the model group, the 1∶1(RC/peony)Guishao group, the 1∶2 Guishao group, and the 2∶1 Guishao group, with 8 in each group. The normal control group was fed with normal salt diet, while the other four groups were fed with high-salt diet. After 4 weeks of feeding, the rats were given intragastric administration, the normal control group and the model group were given the same amount of normal saline, and the 1∶1 Guishao group, the 1∶2 Guishao group and the 2∶1 Guishao group were given 4.0, 5.5, 5.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> of Guizhitang by gavage for 4 weeks. Blood pressure was measured once a week, left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVESD), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular short axis shortening fraction (LVFS) were detected by using echocardiogram. The pathological changes of myocardial morphology were observed by htoxylin eosin(HE)and Masson staining. The expressions of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen in myocardial tissue of each group was detected by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression levels of IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in myocardial tissue of each group were detected by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR). The protein expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin(<italic>α</italic>-SMA), Smad2, Smad3 and Smad7 in myocardial tissue of each group were detected by Western blot. <b>Result::Compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure was increased in the model group at 8-15 weeks, LVESD, LVEDD were increased in the model group, while LVFS, LVEF were decreased in the model group. The collagen volume fraction was increased, immunohistochemistry showed the expression levels of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen were increased, mRNA expression levels of IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were increased, the protein expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, Smad3 and <italic>α</italic>-SMA were increased, whereas the protein expression of Smad7 was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the blood pressure rise of each group of Guizhitang was delayed in 12-15 weeks, LVESD and LVEDD were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), LVFS, LVEF were increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the collagen volume fraction was decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the expressions of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). At the same time, the mRNA expression of IL-10 was increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the mRNA expressions of IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein expressions of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, Smad3 and <italic>α</italic>-SMA were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein expression of Smad7 was increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the 2∶1 Guishao group, the effect of the 1∶1 Guishao group in improving the above indicators was more obvious (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). <b>Conclusion::Guizhitang with different proportions of Ramulus Cinnamomi and Poeny can alleviate the degree of myocardial fibrosis in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>/Smads signaling pathway and the reduction of inflammatory response. Besides, the 1∶1 Guishao group showed the optimal effect in reducing inflammation and improving myocardial fibrosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861915

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the correlation between CT quantification of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and coronary artery disease (CAD) using meta-analysis. Methods: Case-control studies on the relationship between CT quantification of EAT and CAD in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, Web of science and Medline were searched before December 31, 2019. The standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95%CI between CAD group and non-CAD group was analyzed using Stata 12.0 software. Results: Totally 19 articles (5 129 cases in CAD group and 7 434 cases in non-CAD group) were included. Meta-analysis showed that the thickness (SMD=0.46, 95%CI [0.26, 0.66], P<0.01) and volume (SMD=0.65, 95%CI[0.46, 0.86], P<0.01) of EAT in CAD group were larger than those in non-CAD group. Conclusion: CT quantitative EAT was correlated with CAD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the curative effect, survival rate, enucleation rate and pathological characteristics of retinoblastoma (RB) in children.Methods:Retrospective clinical study. From March 1999 to December 2018, a total of 313 patients (445 eyes) with RB diagnosed in Ophthalmology Department of Peking University People’s Hospital were enrolled in the study. Among them, 175 were male (55.9%), 138 were female (44.1%); 181 were monocular and 132 were binocular. The international standard of intraocular RB staging (IIRC) was 6, 13, 6, 52, 227 and 9 patients of A, B, C, D, E and extraocular stages respectively. Among the 313 patients, 245 patients were confirmed to the survivance, of which 22 cases (9.0%, 22/245) died. Among 445 eyes, 330 eyes definitely whether or not were enucleated; 184 eyes had definite IIRC stage, eye examination results, definite treatment plan and times before enucleation and definite pathological tumor node metastasis stage after operation. The basic information, demographic characteristics, clinical information, enucleation and treatment plan, pathological and immunohistochemical results were recorded. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of high risk pathological features (HRF) and prognosis in patients with RB.Results:From 1999 to 2018, the survival rate of 245 patients was increased from 82.6% to 96.3% year by year; the enucleation rate of 330 eyes with final enucleation was reduced from68.8% to 58.3% year by year. The rate of enucleation in stage D and stage E decreased from 83.3% and 100% before 2005 to 37.5% and 85.4% after 2014, respectively. Monocular disease ( β=-1.551, P=0.005), stage D, stage E and extraocular stage in IIRC stage ( P<0.005) were the independent risk factors of RB enucleation, while the protective factors were Interventional chemotherapy of ophthalmic artery (IAC) ( β=-0.877, P<0.001). HRF was found in 51 eyes (27.7%). Age of onset ( β=0.019, P=0.016) and glaucoma ( β=0.816, P=0.050) were independent risk factors for HRF in RB pathology, while IAC treatment was the protective factor for enucleation ( β=21.432, P<0.001). Conclusions:After comprehensive treatment, the general trend of RB enucleation rate is gradually decreasing. IAC treatment can reduce the enucleation rate of stage D and E. The older age of onset and glaucoma stage are the independent risk factors of HRF, and IAC can reduce the risk factors of HRF.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) and stroke on long-term outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:Total 411 consecutive ACS patients undergoing PCI at the Ninth People′s Hospital of Zhengzhou between December 2014 and June 2018 were recruited, including 319 males and 92 females with a mean age of (64.7±10.1) years. These patients were divided into 4 groups according to the presence or absence of history of diabetes or stroke: non-DM non-stroke group ( n=192) , DM group ( n=140), stroke group ( n=41), and DM+stroke group ( n=38). The data of baseline demographic characteristics, clinical feature, coronary angiographic findings, and cardiovascular adverse events during long-term follow-up were obtained. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to investigate the long-term clinical outcomes among groups. Results:The mean interval of follow-up was (24.1±13.8) months. Patients with DM+stroke had the highest rates of non-fetal myocardial infarction (χ 2=24.932) , non-fetal stroke (χ 2=9.434) , hospitalization due to heart failure/angina (χ 2=69.290) , revascularization (χ 2=22.918) , cardiovascular death(χ 2=13.473)and all-cause death(χ 2=17.724)as well as hard endpoint events (the sum of non-fetal myocardial infarction, non-fetal stroke, and all-cause death) (χ 2=30.268)and combined major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (the sum of hard endpoint events, hospitalization due to heart failure/angina, and revascularization) (χ 2=119.556)among 4 groups(all P<0.01). In Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, the cumulative ratio of freedom from all-cause death decreased significantly in DM+stroke group compared with no DM no stroke group ( HR=17.121, 95 %CI: 2.527-115.934, P<0.01), but no statistical difference was observed in the cumulative ratio of freedom from all-cause death between DM+stroke group and DM group or stroke group respectively ( HR=3.178, 95 %CI: 0.744-13.582; HR=1.383, 95 %CI: 0.374-5.118; all P>0.05) . Meanwhile, patients with DM+stroke presented significantly lower cumulated ratio free from combined MACE than patients with non-DM non-stroke ( HR=5.423, 95 %CI:2.941-10.036, P<0.01), and the cumulated ratio free from combined MACE also decreased significantly in DM+stroke group as compared to DM group or stroke group respectively ( HR=1.859,95 %CI: 1.167-2.962; HR=1.991,95 %CI: 1.178-3.364; all P<0.01) . Conclusions:ACS patients with combined history of DM and stroke have a worse long-term outcomes after PCI than those with DM alone or stroke alone or without DM or stroke. DM and stroke seemed to have an additive effect on decrease in the cumulative ratio free from combined MACE in ACS patients following PCI.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870402

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the safety and efficacy of middle line approach identified with superior mesenteric vein in the right hemicolectomy combined with pancreaticoduodenectomy for colonic carcinoma involing liver and duodenun.Methods Clinical data of 13 patient's with right colonic cancer (T4b) undergoing right hemicolectomy combined with pancreaticoduodenectomy from Jan 2016 to Jul 2019 in He'nan Provincial Tumor Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.The superior mesenteric vein was used to mark the medial border of tumor resection.Vertical cutline was made to transverse mesocolon and all the way done to the root of superior mesenteric vein,the pancreas was cut in front of superior mesenteric vein,superior mesenteric artery and the affiliated lymph nodes were dissected.The stomach and pancreas were transected,the specimen was removed.Then the GI tract was reconstructed.Results Surgery was successful in all 13 patients.The operation time was (249 ± 27) min,blood loss was (442 ± 129) ml,2 cases suffered pancreatic fistula,there was no biliary fistula,and 1 case of delayed gastric emptying.There were no other major complications.The number of lymph node dissection was (20 ± 4) and hospital stay was (23.2-± 9.4) d.Conclusions It is safe and feasible to use the superior mesenteric vein-identified middle line approach in patients of right colonic cancer undergoing right hemicolectomy plus pancreaticoduodenectomy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787687

ABSTRACT

The genetic background such as copy number, integration site and chromosome karyotype of exogenous genes of transgenic animals obtained by random integration is still unclear. There may be some problems such as silent integration, invalid integration, toxic integration and unpredictable expression level of exogenous genes. In this study, six primary (F0) and their corresponding offspring (F1) of human lactoferrin (hLF) transgenic goats were selected as the research objects, and blood samples were collected from jugular vein and DNA were extracted. The genetic background and expression level of exogenous genes were studied by chromosome karyotype analysis, real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR), ELISA and Western blotting. The chromosomes of six F0 transgenic goats had no obvious morphological variation, number change and other abnormalities. The relative copy number was different (2-16) and could be steadily inherited to the next generation. The copy number of F0 and F1 hLF gene was the same. The highest expression level of hLF was 1.12 g/L in F1 transgenic goats (L3-1, 8 copies). The results proved that the integrated exogenous genes could steadily inherit the next generation, and did not cause obstacles to the growth and development of transgenic goat individuals. Moreover, there was no obvious correlation between the number of copies and the expression level of hLF. This laid a foundation for the new varieties cultivation of transgenic goats and other transgenic animals, and analysis of genetic background.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828008

ABSTRACT

The WRKY family genes, which play an important role in plant morphogenesis and stress response, were selected based on the data of the full-length transcriptome of Asarum heterotropoides. Using AtWRKY33, which regulates the synthesis of the camalexin in the model plant Arabidopsis to compare homologous genes in A. heterotropoides, primers were designed to amplify the open reading frame(ORF) fragment of AhWRKY33 gene by RT-PCR using total RNA of A. heterotropoides leaves as template. Real-time PCR results showed that there was a significant difference between the aerial part and the underground part of A. heterotropoides, the toxic aristolochic acid content is highly expressed in the leaves higher than the root. After verification, the WRKY33 gene of A. heterotropoides is ORF long 1 686 bp, encoding 561 amino acids.AhWRKY33 had two conserved WRKYGQK domains. According to the classical classification, it belongs to group Ⅰ WRKY transcription factor. A. heterotropoides WRKY33 had some homology with amino acids of other species. The study successfully constructed the plant eukaryotic expression vector PHG-AhWRKY33 and transformed Arabidopsis thaliana, the transgenic Arabidopsis was obtained by PCR detection and hygromycin resistant plate screening. It found that the germination of transgenic Arabidopsis seeds was accelerated and the stress resistance was increased. It laid a foundation for further analysis of WRKY transcription factor in the growth and development of A. heterotropoides and the synthesis of secondary metabolites.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis , Genetics , Arabidopsis Proteins , Genetics , Asarum , Cloning, Molecular , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Leaves , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Transformation, Genetic
20.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 489-493, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the HPLC fingerprint of Valeriana jatamansi and provide a reference for its effective quality control. METHODS: The HPLC-DAD analysis was performed on Diamonsil C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid (B) solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution, the detection wavelength was set at 327 nm (0-33 min) and 256 nm (33-90 min), the flow rate was 1.0 mL•min-1, and the column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. The fingerprints of 25 batches of Valeriana jatamansi samples were analyzed by similarity analysis, hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA), principal component analysis (PCA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). RESULTS: The fingerprints of 25 batches of Valeriana jatamansi samples were established. There were 36 common peaks in the fingerprints and nine common peaks were identified by reference substances. The fingerprints similarity of 18 batches of samples was over 0.9, and the samples were classified into two groups. Six components were the main markers that cause differences in different batches of samples, including valepotriate, acevaltrate, isochlorogenic acid A, and some others. CONCLUSION: HPLC fingerprint combined with recognition of chemical pattern can reflect the intrinsic quality of Valeriana jatamansi, which may provide reference for the quality control and evaluation of Valeriana jatamansi.

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