Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 125
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920832

ABSTRACT

@#The incidence of complications after radical resection of esophageal carcinoma is high up to about 20%-50%. The incidence of pneumonia, pleural effusion, tracheal intubation, anastomotic fistula and cardiac events is relatively high. Among them, pulmonary complications are the most common complications after esophageal cancer operation and cause the most perioperative deaths. Among the factors that influence the occurrence of postoperative complications of esophageal cancer, the amount of fluid infusion during and after the operation is closely related to the occurrence of postoperative complications. Moreover, in the environment of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), it is more important to optimize the postoperative fluid management of esophageal cancer. Restricted fluid therapy plays a more and more important role in patients undergoing esophagectomy. This review integrated the relevant research results and discussed the advantages of the restricted fluid therapy compared with other fluid therapy, how to control the restricted infusion volume and infusion speed and how to monitor and evaluate the infusion process and the selection of infusion types, so as to provide reference for clinical practice test.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 399-404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Xuebijing combined with human immunoglobulin for the treatment of severe and critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. The clinical data of 65 patients with severe and critical COVID-19 admitted to Chongqing Public Health Medical Center and Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital from January 2020 to March 2020 during the period of supporting to combat COVID-19 by the medical team of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University and Chongqing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were analyzed. According to different treatment regimens, patients were divided into conventional treatment group (conventional antivirus, anti-infection and symptomatic support treatments), Xuebijing group (Xuebijing was applied to patients with elevated inflammatory cytokines) and combination group (Xuebijing combined with human immunoglobulin, human immunoglobulin was applied to patients with low immunity indicated by monitoring results of lymphocytes and their subsets). The improvement of blood routine examination, blood gas analysis, myocardial enzyme spectrum, liver and kidney function, lymphocytes and their subsets and cytokines as well as severity score in three groups before and after treatment were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the 28-day survival curve of each group, and the cumulative survival rate among the groups was compared.Results:Among the 65 severe and critically ill COVID-19 patients, only 20 patients received conventional treatment, 22 patients were treated with Xuebijing based on conventional treatment, and 23 patients were treated with Xuebijing combined with human immunoglobulin based on conventional treatment. Before treatment, CD4 + T cell count in combination group was higher than other two groups, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) was lower than other two groups, while other indicators showed no statistically significant differences among the three groups, suggesting that the baseline of the three groups was relatively balanced before treatment. The patients in the conventional treatment group were relieved after treatment, and it was characterized by that the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were significantly lower than those before treatment [APACHEⅡ score: 5.20±2.74 vs. 6.20±1.93, LDH (μmol·s -1·L -1): 4.1±1.0 vs. 4.7±0.9, both P < 0.01], but there was still liver damage, which was manifested as higher aspartate aminotransferase (AST) than that before treatment [U/L: 30.5 (23.8, 41.5) vs. 21.0 (17.0, 34.0), P < 0.05]. In Xuebijing group, the respiratory function and immunity of patients were improved after treatment, and the improvement degree of the ratio of CD4 + T cell was more significant than that in the conventional treatment group (4.86±6.31 vs. -0.95±12.38, P < 0.05). However, the patients still lived with an "inflammatory storm" and liver damage after treatment. It was shown that IL-4 was significantly higher than that before treatment (ng/L: 2.57±1.15 vs. 1.92±1.04, P < 0.05), while albumin (ALB) decreased significantly compared with before treatment [g/L: 33.0 (30.5, 35.6) vs. 36.2 (32.1, 41.4), P < 0.01]. While the treatment of Xuebijing combined with human immunoglobulin could improve patients' respiratory function and enhance their immunity more effectively, it was shown that arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), T lymphocyte count, ratio of CD4 + T cell, CD4 + T cell count, CD8 + T cell count and CD4 +/CD8 + ratio were significantly higher than those before treatment, while ALB, IL-6, APACHEⅡ score and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score were significantly lower than those before treatment. T lymphocyte count, the ratio of CD4 + T cell and IL-6 in combination group were improved more significantly than those in conventional treatment group and Xuebijing group [T lymphocyte count (×10 9/L): 310.68±359.28 vs. 46.54±240.01, 81.59±256.76; ratio of CD4 + T cell: 14.53±14.49 vs. -0.95±12.38, 4.86±6.31; IL-6 (ng/L): -25.53±39.05 vs. -1.75±5.45, 12.78±44.81], PaO 2/FiO 2 was improved more significantly as compared with the Xuebijing group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 146.31±109.73 vs. 59.41±87.70], and the differences were statistically different (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:The combination of Xuebijing and human immunoglobulin for the treatment of patients with COVID-19 can improve patients' respiratory function, reduce "inflammatory storm", enhance immunity, and alleviate severity of patients' condition.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the impacts of radioactivity in foods since begining of the operation of the Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant (HNPP).Methods:The levels of radioactivity in foods collected within 30 km of HNPP from 2013 to 2020 were analyzed by comparison of the control samples and those collected before the operation. The impacts on the operation of the HNPP on foods were evaluated.Results:The man-made radionuclides such as 131I, 134Cs, 60Co, 58Co, 110Ag m were not found in food samples. The nautral radionuclides such as 238U, 226Ra, 232Th, 40K were at the normal levels, with the average levels of (0.088±0.053), (0.155±0.178), (0.314±0.388)and(81.3±18.1)Bq/kg(fresh weight)in foods, respectively. The average levels of man-made nuclide 137Cs in foods were (0.013±0.010) Bq/kg (fresh weight). There was no increase in radionuclide levels compared with the control samples and the samples before the operation. Conclusions:The impacts on foods due to the operation of HNPP was not found.

4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 690-697, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922242

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the extensive development of minimally invasive surgery for pulmonary nodules, preoperative localization becomes more and more critical. There are some defects in traditional localization methods, so it is necessary to improve. The aim of this study was to compare and analyze the safety and effectiveness of two new methods, namely four-hook needle and memory alloy coil, in the localization of pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 152 patients was performed. 76 cases were in four-hook needle group, and 76 cases were in memory alloy coil group. Pulmonary nodules were located before operation, and then video-assisted wedge resection was performed. The average procedure time, localization complications and nodule resection time were counted.@*RESULTS@#The target pulmonary nodules were successfully removed in both groups. In four-hook needle group, 76 patients found localization devices, all the pulmonary nodules were successfully removed, and one case was transferred to open the chest for wedge resection of pulmonary nodules due to severe thoracic adhesion. All 76 patients in memory alloy coil group were successfully resected with pulmonary nodules, and one patient underwent compromising enlarged resection because no lesion was found after the specimen was removed during the operation. There was no significant difference in the incidence of pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage, the success rate of localization and nodule wedge resection time between the two groups. The average time of localization in four-hook needle group was (13.66±3.11) min, lower than that of memory alloy coil group (15.51±3.65) min, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.001). In memory alloy coil group, when the distance from the nodule to the pleura was ≥1.5 cm and <1.5 cm, the average localization time was (17.20±4.46) min and (14.91±3.15) min, respectively, and there was a statistical difference between the two distance (P=0.044).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Four-hook needle and memory alloy coil have good safety and effectiveness, and the localization time of four-hook needle is shorter. When using memory alloy coil, the effect of the method is better for pulmonary nodules with a distance less than 1.5 cm to pleura.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888018

ABSTRACT

Puerarin has the anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) activity,which can reverse nerve injury induced by Aβand inhibit neuronal apoptosis.However,its potential pharmacodynamic mechanism still needs to be further researched.The occurrence and development of AD is due to the change of multiple metabolic links in the body,which leads to the destruction of balance.Puerarin may act on multiple targets and multiple metabolic processes to achieve therapeutic purposes.Quantitative proteomic analysis provides a new choice to understand the mechanism as completely as possible.This research adopted SH-SY5Y cells induced by Aβ_(1-42)to establish AD cell model,and Aβimmunofluorescence detection showed that Aβdecreased significantly after puerarin intervention.The mechanism of puerarin reversing SH-SY5Y cell injured by Aβ_(1-42)was further explored by using label-free non-labeled quantitative technology and Western blot detection based on bioinformatics analysis result.The results showed that most of the differential proteins were related to biological processes such as cellular component organization or biogenesis,cellular component organization and cellular component biogenesis,and they mainly participated in the top ten pathways of P value such as pathogenic Escherichia coli infection,m TOR signaling pathway,regulation of autophagy,regulation of actin cytoskeleton,spliceosome,hepatocellular carcinoma,tight junction,non-small cell lung cancer,apoptosis and gap junction.Annexin V/PI flow cytometry and TUNEL were used to detect apoptosis,and the results showed that Aβdecreased significantly and the rate of apoptosis decreased significantly after puerarin intervention.Western blot analysis found that the protein expression level of autophagy related protein LC3Ⅱwas up-regulated after Aβinduction,and the degree of this up-regulation was further enhanced in puerarin intervention group.The trend of the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰamong groups was the same as the protein expression level of LC3Ⅱ,the protein expression level of p62 in the control group,AD model group and puerarin intervention group decreased successively.Protein interaction network analysis showed that CAP1 was correlated with TUBA1B,HSP90AB2P,DNM1L,TUBA1A and ERK1/2,and the correlation between CAP1 and ERK1/2 was the highest among them.Western blot showed that the expressions of p-ERK1/2,Bax and CAP1 were significantly down-regulated and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly up-regulated after puerarin intervention.Therefore,puerarin might improve the SH-SY5Y cells injured by Aβ_(1-42)through the interaction of multiple biological processes and pathways in cells multiple locations,and CAP1 might play an important role among them.


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms , Proteomics
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1191-1198, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878170

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The prevalence of skin diseases and diabetes mellitus (DM) are prominent around the world. The current scope of knowledge regarding the prevalence of skin diseases and comorbidities with type 2 DM (T2DM) is limited, leading to limited recognition of the correlations between skin diseases and T2DM.@*METHODS@#We collected 383 subjects from the Da Qing Diabetes Study during the period from July 9th to September 1st, 2016. The subjects were categorized into three groups: Normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and T2DM. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of skin diseases were recorded and investigated.@*RESULTS@#In this cross-sectional study, 383 individuals with ages ranging from 53 to 89-year-old were recruited. The overall prevalence of skin diseases was 93.5%, and 75.7% of individuals had two or more kinds of skin diseases. Additionally, there were 47 kinds of comorbid skin diseases in patients with T2DM, of which eight kinds of skin diseases had a prevalence >10%. The prevalence of skin diseases in NGT, IGT, and T2DM groups were 93.3%, 91.5%, and 96.6%, respectively; stratified analysis by categories showed a statistically significant difference in "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". The duration of T2DM also significantly associated with the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". Subsequently, the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was higher in males than females in NGT (P < 0.01) and T2DM (P < 0.01) groups. In addition, the difference in the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was also significant in NGT and T2DM groups (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There was a high prevalence of skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study. To address the skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study, increased awareness and intervention measures should be implemented.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Female , Glucose Intolerance/epidemiology , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Diseases/epidemiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882023

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a new method for the simultaneous determination of seven polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs)in water by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on solidification of floating organic droplet(DLLME-SFO)with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Methods The experimental conditions of DLLME-SFO were determined with dodecanol as extractant solvent, methanol as dispersive solvent, inonic strength increased by adding 8% NaCl. After vortexed for 1 min and centrifuged at 4 000 r/min for 5 min, the water sample was cooled down in an ice bath till dodecanol became solid and formed a small ball. Then the solidified dodecanol phase was transferred, and directly detected by GC-MS method after it melted. Results Good linearities were obtained for the seven polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons within the range of 5 μg/L-200 μg/L. The correlation coefficients were above 0.996. The detection limits ranged from 1.6 ng/L to 3.2 ng/L. The average recoveries ranged from 86.2% to 105% and the RSDs from 3.8% to 9.4%. Conclusion The method is sensitive, fast and simple. It has the advantage of little organic solvent consumption, which is friendly to environment and suitable for the detection of seven PAHs in water.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880246

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Preoperative diagnosis and differential diagnosis of small solid pulmonary nodules are very difficult. Computed tomography (CT), as a common method for lung cancer screening, is widely used in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical data of patients with malignant pulmonary nodules and intrapulmonary lymph nodes in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of <1 cm solid pulmonary nodules, so as to provide reference for the differentiation of the two.@*METHODS@#Patients with solid pulmonary nodules who underwent surgery from June 2017 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical data of 145 nodules (lung adenocarcinoma 60, lung carcinoid 2, malignant mesothelioma 1, sarcomatoid carcinoma 1, lymph node 81) were collected and finally divided into two groups: lung adenocarcinoma and intrapulmonary lymph nodes, and their clinical data were statistically analyzed. According to the results of univariate analysis (χ² test, t test), the variables with statistical differences were selected and included in Logistic regression multivariate analysis. The predictive variables were determined and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to get the area under the curve (AUC) value of the area under the curve.@*RESULTS@#Logistic regression analysis showed that the longest diameter, Max CT value, lobulation sign and spiculation sign were important indicators for distinguishing lung adenocarcinoma from intrapulmonary lymph nodes, and the risk ratios were 106.645 (95%CI: 3.828-2,971.220, P<0.01), 0.980 (95%CI: 0.969-0.991, P<0.01), 3.550 (95%CI: 1.299-9.701, P=0.01), 3.618 (95%CI: 1.288-10.163, P=0.02). According to the results of Logistic regression analysis, the prediction model is determined, the ROC curve is drawn, and the AUC value under the curve is calculated to be 0.877 (95%CI: 0.821-0.933, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For <1 cm solid pulmonary nodules, among many factors, the longest diameter, Max CT value, lobulation sign and spiculation sign are more important in distinguishing malignant pulmonary nodules from intrapulmonary lymph nodes.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 41-48, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The purpose of this study was to analyze cases of AO31-A2 intertrochanteric fractures (ITFs) and to identify the relationship between the loss of the posteromedial support and implant failure.@*METHODS@#Three hundred ninety-four patients who underwent operative treatment for ITF from January 2003 to December 2017 were enrolled. Focusing on posteromedial support, the A2 ITFs were divided into two groups, namely, those with (Group A, n = 153) or without (Group B, n = 241) posteromedial support post-operatively, and the failure rates were compared. Based on the final outcomes (failed or not), we allocated all of the patients into two groups: failed (Group C, n = 66) and normal (Group D, n = 328). We separately analyzed each dataset to identify the factors that exhibited statistically significant differences between the groups. In addition, a logistic regression was conducted to identify whether the loss of posteromedial support of A2 ITFs was an independent risk factor for fixation failure. The basic factors were age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, side of affected limb, fixation method (intramedullary or extramedullary), time from injury to operation, blood loss, operative time and length of stay.@*RESULTS@#The failure rate of group B (58, 24.07%) was significantly higher than that of group A (8, 5.23%) (χ = 23.814, P < 0.001). Regarding Groups C and D, the comparisons of the fixation method (P = 0.005), operative time (P = 0.001), blood loss (P = 0.002) and length of stay (P = 0.033) showed that the differences were significant. The logistic regression revealed that the loss of posteromedial support was an independent risk factor for implant failure (OR = 5.986, 95% CI: 2.667-13.432) (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For AO31-A2 ITFs, the loss of posteromedial support was an independent risk factor for fixation failure. Therefore, posteromedial wall reconstruction might be necessary for the effective treatment of A2 fractures that lose posteromedial support.

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 393-401, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826969

ABSTRACT

Intraoperative aspiration is a common pulmonary complication in the surgery, anesthesia and position were main factors leading to the operative aspiration. In recent years, perioperative lung protection has attracted wide attention of thoracic surgeons and anesthetist; how to accelerate the process of postoperative rehabilitation, reduce the incidence of related complications and significantly improve the prognosis of patients, these have become a chief goal of surgical treatment. This article will center on operative aspiration and summarize it from anatomy, pathophysiology, manifestation, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 568-572, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826939

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Preoperative anxiety/depression can bring physical and mental harm to the patients with lung cancer. There is little study on whether hospital waiting time before surgery can increase the psychological burden of patients with lung cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the preoperative anxiety and depression of patients with lung cancer in our hospital, and to analyze the related influencing factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 135 lung cancer inpatients in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Beijing Friendship Hospital were studied. Their general information and anxiety/depression were recorded by general questionnaire, Zung self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS).@*RESULTS@#The score of SAS was 36.25 (30.00, 42.50) on the day of admission, and 37.50 (31.25, 43.75) on one day before operation. The score of self-rating depression scale (SDS) was 46.25 (40.00, 52.50) on the day of admission, and 47.50 (41.25, 53.75) on one day before operation. Compared with the Chinese norm, there were 0 patient suffered from anxiety on the day of admission, and one day before operation. There were 2 patients suffered from mild anxiety; 6 patients suffered from mild depression on the day of admission, and this number went up to 8 on the day before operation. Single factor analysis showed that the hospital waiting time before surgery was positively correlated with preoperative anxiety and depression, and the results were statistically significant (P<0.05). The generalized linear model analysis showed that other factors such as knowledge, gender, age and marital status had no significant correlation with preoperative anxiety and depression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The occurrence of preoperative anxiety in hospitalized patients with lung cancer is positively correlated to the hospital waiting time before surgery. The longer they stayed in the hospital before operation, the greater their risk of anxiety/depression. So medical staff should actively focus on the psychological condition of the patients with lung cancer, and it is strongly recommended that patients complete preoperative examination and preparation in the outpatient department, in order to reduce the waiting time before operation and reduced the risk of adverse psychological problems such as anxiety and depression.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2020-2026, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826423

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Youzhi artificial intelligence (AI) software is the AI-assisted decision-making system for diagnosing skin tumors. The high diagnostic accuracy of Youzhi AI software was previously validated in specific datasets. The objective of this study was to compare the performance of diagnostic capacity between Youzhi AI software and dermatologists in real-world clinical settings.@*METHODS@#A total of 106 patients who underwent skin tumor resection in the Dermatology Department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from July 2017 to June 2019 and were confirmed as skin tumors by pathological biopsy were selected. Dermoscopy and clinical images of 106 patients were diagnosed by Youzhi AI software and dermatologists at different dermoscopy diagnostic levels. The primary outcome was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Youzhi AI software with that of dermatologists and that measured in the laboratory using specific data sets. The secondary results included the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, F-measure, and Matthews correlation coefficient of Youzhi AI software in the real-world.@*RESULTS@#The diagnostic accuracy of Youzhi AI software in real-world clinical settings was lower than that of the laboratory data (P < 0.001). The output result of Youzhi AI software has good stability after several tests. Youzhi AI software diagnosed benign and malignant diseases by recognizing dermoscopic images and diagnosed disease types with higher diagnostic accuracy than by recognizing clinical images (P = 0.008, P = 0.016, respectively). Compared with dermatologists, Youzhi AI software was more accurate in the diagnosis of skin tumor types through the recognition of dermoscopic images (P = 0.01). By evaluating the diagnostic performance of dermatologists under different modes, the diagnostic accuracy of dermatologists in diagnosing disease types by matching dermoscopic and clinical images was significantly higher than that by identifying dermoscopic and clinical images in random sequence (P = 0.022). The diagnostic accuracy of dermatologists in the diagnosis of benign and malignant diseases by recognizing dermoscopic images was significantly higher than that by recognizing clinical images (P = 0.010).@*CONCLUSION@#The diagnostic accuracy of Youzhi AI software for skin tumors in real-world clinical settings was not as high as that of using special data sets in the laboratory. However, there was no significant difference between the diagnostic capacity of Youzhi AI software and the average diagnostic capacity of dermatologists. It can provide assistant diagnostic decisions for dermatologists in the current state.

13.
J Genet ; 2019 Feb; 98: 1-4
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215383

ABSTRACT

Dipentodon is a monotypic genus of Dipentodontaceae and the only species, Dipentodon sinicus, is scattered in southwest China as well as adjacent Myanmar, northeast India and northern Vietnam. This species was evaluated as vulnerable in ‘China Species Red List’. Here, we assembled and characterized the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of D. sinicus using Illumina sequencing data for the first time. The complete cp genome was 158,795 bp in length, consisting of a pair of inverted repeats of 26,587 bp, a large single-copy region of 87,233 bp and a small single-copy region of 18,388 bp. The genome encoded 113 unique genes, including 79 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes and four rRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16 complete cp genome sequences indicated that D. sinicus is a member of Huerteales, consistent with its position in the latest classification of flowering plants (AGP IV).

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763140

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Studies suggest that regular use of metformin may decrease cancer mortality. We investigated the association between diabetes medication use and cancer survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study includes 633 breast, 890 colorectal, 824 lung, and 543 gastric cancer cases identified from participants of two population-based cohort studies in Shanghai. Information on diabetes medication use was obtained by linking to electronic medical records. The associations between diabetes medication use (metformin, sulfonylureas, and insulin) and overall and cancer-specific survival were evaluated using time-dependent Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: After adjustment for clinical characteristics and treatment factors, use of metformin was associated with better overall survival among colorectal cancer patients (hazards ratio [HR], 0.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.34 to 0.88) and for all four types of cancer combined (HR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.98). Ever use of insulin was associated with worse survival for all cancer types combined (HR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.57 to 2.29) and for the four cancer types individually. Similar associations were seen for diabetic patients. Sulfonylureas use was associated with worse overall survival for breast or gastric cancer (HR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.22 to 6.80 and HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.09 to 3.84, respectively) among diabetic patients. Similar association patterns were observed between diabetes medication use and cancer-specific survival. CONCLUSION: Metformin was associated with improved survival among colorectal cancer cases, while insulin use was associated with worse survival among patients of four major cancers. Further investigation on the topic is needed given the potential translational impact of these findings.


Subject(s)
Breast , Cohort Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms , Electronic Health Records , Humans , Insulin , Lung , Metformin , Mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Stomach Neoplasms
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2096-2104, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Dermoscopy is a useful technique for improving the diagnostic accuracy of various types of skin disorders. In China, dermoscopy has been widely accepted, and domestic researchers have made tremendous progress in the field of dermoscopy. The main purpose of this review is to summarize the current status of dermoscopy in China and identify its future directions.@*DATA SOURCES@#Articles included in this review were obtained by searching the following databases: Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, and the Web of Science. We focused on research published before 2019 with keywords including dermoscopy, dermoscopic, dermoscope and trichoscopy.@*STUDY SELECTION@#A total of 50 studies were selected. Of these studies, 20 studies were in Chinese and 30 in English, research samples of all the studies were collected from Chinese populations.@*RESULTS@#Since 2000, more than 380 articles about dermoscopy have been published in domestic or foreign journals. Dermoscopy can improve the diagnostic accuracy of neoplastic diseases, evaluating the therapeutic effect of treatment, and determining the treatment endpoint, and it can also assist in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory diseases and in the assessment of the severity of the disease. In addition, researches about the applications of dermoscopy during surgical treatment have been published. Training courses aiming to improve the diagnostic ability of dermatologists, either face-to-face or online, have been offered. The Chinese Skin Image Database, launched in 2017 as a work platform for dermatologists, has promoted the development of dermoscopy in China. Computer-aided diagnostic systems based on the Chinese population are ready for use. In the future, cooperation, resource sharing, talent development, image management, and computer-aided diagnosis will be important directions for the development of dermoscopy in China.@*CONCLUSION@#Dermoscopy has been widely used and developed in China, however, it still needs to address more challenges in the future.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774089

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the features of serum metabolites in preterm infants based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and to find differentially expressed metabolites in the serum of preterm infants.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from 19 preterm infants and 20 full-term infants before feeding. GC-MS was used to measure metabolic profiles, and the metabolic features of 397 serum metabolites in preterm infants were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was a significant difference in serum metabolic features between the preterm and full-term infants before feeding. There were significant differences between the full-term and preterm infants in the levels of metabolites such as O-phosphonothreonine, digicitrin, tannic acid, and fructose-1,6-diphosphate (P<0.01), suggesting that the above differentially expressed metabolites were highly differentiated between the preterm and full-term infants. Most differentially expressed metabolites were involved in the metabolic pathways such as ABC transporters, β-alanine and pyrimidines and were correlated with some clinical parameters (albumin and total bilirubin) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant difference in serum metabolites between preterm and full-term infants before feeding. Metabolomics plays an important role in improving metabolic disorders and exploring metabolism-related diseases in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Metabolome , Metabolomics
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 377-382, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805138

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the treatment effect of patients with glioblastoma (GBM) and explore prognostic factors.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 635 patients diagnosed as GBM at Neurosurgical Oncology Department Ⅳ of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2007 to March 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 386 males and 249 females with an age of (48.7±11.8) years (range: 18-75 years). Patients were divided into three groups according to the time of admission: 2007-2010 group(n=174), 2011-2014 group (n=237) and 2015-2018 group (n=224). Kaplan-Meier plot was used to analyze the effects of different treatment periods, treatment schemes and clinical factors on the survival of patients with GBM. Cox proportion hazard regression analysis was used to identify independent prognostic factors.@*Results@#The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients in 2007-2010 group, 2011-2014 group, 2015-2018 group was 9.0 months (95% CI: 7.5-10.5), 10.0 months (95% CI: 8.8-11.2), 12.0 months (95% CI: 10.7-13.3) and 17.0 months (95% CI: 13.2-20.8), 20.0 months (95% CI: 16.9-23.1), 23.0 months(95% CI: 17.5-28.5), respectively. The PFS and OS of patients improved significantly over the years (χ2=9.693, P=0.008 and χ2=8.616, P=0.013). Multivariate survival analysis showed that age, extent of resection, radiotherapy and tumor distant dissemination were independent prognostic factors (all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#With the continuous development of clinical treatment regimen, the therapeutic effect of Chinese GBM patients has improved remarkably. Age, extent of resection, radiotherapy and tumor distant dissemination are independent prognostic factors associated with survival time.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2096-2104, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802855

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Dermoscopy is a useful technique for improving the diagnostic accuracy of various types of skin disorders. In China, dermoscopy has been widely accepted, and domestic researchers have made tremendous progress in the field of dermoscopy. The main purpose of this review is to summarize the current status of dermoscopy in China and identify its future directions.@*Data sources@#Articles included in this review were obtained by searching the following databases: Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, and the Web of Science. We focused on research published before 2019 with keywords including dermoscopy, dermoscopic, dermoscope and trichoscopy.@*Study selection@#A total of 50 studies were selected. Of these studies, 20 studies were in Chinese and 30 in English, research samples of all the studies were collected from Chinese populations.@*Results@#Since 2000, more than 380 articles about dermoscopy have been published in domestic or foreign journals. Dermoscopy can improve the diagnostic accuracy of neoplastic diseases, evaluating the therapeutic effect of treatment, and determining the treatment endpoint, and it can also assist in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory diseases and in the assessment of the severity of the disease. In addition, researches about the applications of dermoscopy during surgical treatment have been published. Training courses aiming to improve the diagnostic ability of dermatologists, either face-to-face or online, have been offered. The Chinese Skin Image Database, launched in 2017 as a work platform for dermatologists, has promoted the development of dermoscopy in China. Computer-aided diagnostic systems based on the Chinese population are ready for use. In the future, cooperation, resource sharing, talent development, image management, and computer-aided diagnosis will be important directions for the development of dermoscopy in China.@*Conclusion@#Dermoscopy has been widely used and developed in China, however, it still needs to address more challenges in the future.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791842

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experiences of diagnosing and treating acute pancreatitis (AP) after kidney transplantation .Methods From September 2007 to December 2017 , clinical data were retrospectively analyzed for 12 AP patients after kidney transplantation .Results They were diagnosed as AP within 72 h after an onset of abdominal pain .Among 4 recurrent cases within 1 week post-transplantation ,the curative interventions included non-operative therapy (n=2) and peripancreatic puncture & drainage (n=2) .AP occurred at 1 year post-transplantation (n=8) . Three cases were cured non-surgically while another 5 cases underwent surgery . The procedures included laparoscopic cholecystectomy ( n = 1 ) , endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for cholelithiasis (n=1) and peripancreatic puncture & drainage (n= 2) .One patient died after surgical debridement for adjacent pancreatic tissue .Conclusions After kidney transplantation , the occurrence of AP may be associated with immunosuppressants interfering with triglyceride metabolism and pancreatic microcirculation .For those with cholelithiasis-related pancreatitis ,surgical removal of precipitating factor is required .Mini-invasive puncture and drainage are preferred for severe non-gallstone pancreatitis while surgery is performed whenever necessary .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851026

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clone the full-length cDNA of jasmonate-zim-domain protein (JAZ) gene in Aquilaria sinensis to provide the basic information for further study on gene function in sesquiterpenes biosynthesis pathway. Methods: With the total RNA as template, the full-length cDNA of JAZ in A. sinensis was cloned through rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) technique and reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) method. The bioinformatics of the JAZ gene was analyzed as well. The expression of this gene was detected by qRT-PCR method with MeJA and mechanical wounding treatment in A. sinensis callus. Results: The full-length cDNA (1 507 bp) of JAZ gene was named AsJAZ1; GenBank registration number was KP677281. AsJAZ1 was obtained with an open reading frame (ORF) of 990 bp and encoding 330 amino acids. The relative molecular mass of AsJAZ1 calculated was 34 280, and the isoelecric point was 6.89. Real time PCR results indicated that both MeJA treatment and mechanical wounding could stimulate the increase of mRNA expression of AsJAZ1; There was a sharp rise at 0.5 h with about 27 times higher than the control (without MeJA treatment) with MeJA treatment, then dropped significantly. In mechanical wounding treatment, the highest peak presented in 2 h about 17 times compared to the control, then dropped significantly too. The expression of AsJAZ1 gene returned to be normal in 24 h. Conclusion: We have obtained the full-length cDNA sequence of AsJAZ1 gene firstly, which was extremely sensitive to wounding and responded to the early damage.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL