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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 249-258, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879761

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of IR-61, a novel mitochondrial heptamethine cyanine dye with antioxidant effects, on diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction (DMED). Eight-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ) to induce type 1 diabetes. Eight weeks after STZ injection, all rats were divided into three groups: the control group, DM group, and DM + IR-61 group. In the DM + IR-61 group, the rats were administered IR-61 (1.6 mg kg

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882676

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of circhipk3 in microglial cells in heat-induced neurological injury, and to preliminary analyze the effect of circhipk3 on microglial polarization in heat-induced neurological injury.Methods:Mice were randomly (random number) divided into a control group and a heat radiation disease 0.8 h group (HS 0.8), a heat radiation disease 8h group (HS 8), and a heat radiation disease 24 h group (HS 24). By establishing a mouse model of heat shock (HS), heat-damaged brain tissue was obtained, microglia were isolated and RNA was extracted. Quantitative PCR method was used to detect M1 and M2 marker molecules in microglia, and to evaluate the polarization direction and type of microglia. The expression level of circhipk3 was detected in microglial cells in heat-induced neurological injury, and the effect of circhipk3 on microglial polarization was further elucidated by intervening the expression of circhipk3 in microglial cells.Results:The expression of CD45 and CD11-b in the HS 8 group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(4.41±0.18) vs. (1±0.15), P=0.000], [(3.47±0.19) vs (1±0.15), P=0.000] , and the CD45 and CD11-b of the HS 24 group was significantly lower than that of the HS 8 group [(1.34±0.15) vs. (4.41±0.18), P=0.000], [(1.38±0.21) vs. (3.47±0.19), P= 0.001]. At the same time, the expression of CD206, FIZZ and Arg1 in the HS 8 group started to increase compared with the control group [(1.59±0.16) vs. (1±0.12), P=0.014], [(1.62±0.15) vs. (1±0.15), P=0.002 ], [(2.23±0.28) vs. (1±0.19), P=0.004], and CD206, FIZZ, and Arg1 in the HS 24 group were significantly higher than those in the control group [(2.67±0.20) vs. (1±0.12), P=0.002], [(2.19±0.15) vs. (1±0.15), P=0.000], [(3.04±0.18) vs. (1±0.19), P=0.001]; circhipk3 mimicis significantly increased the expression of Arg1 [(7.26± 0.06) vs. (3.86±0.06), P=0.000]; at the same time, circhipk3 inhibitor promoted the expression of CD45 and HO-1 [(2.96±0.03) vs. (1.63±0.09), P=0.000], [(2.52±0.10) vs. ( 1.30±0.02), P=0.000]. Conclusions:Microglial cells are predominantly M1-type in early neurological injury of heat radiation disease. HO-1 may be one of the microglial M1-type markers. The high expression of circhipk3 in microglial cells mainly promotes its transformation to M2 type.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905297

ABSTRACT

In addition to primary diseases, critically ill patients often suffered from multiple functional disorders, including pulmonary dysfunction. Pulmonary rehabilitation can effectively improve the lung and overall function of patients, which need assistance of relevant examinations. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) can not only help to diagnose, evaluate, monitor and treat the disease faster, more accurate and safer, but also reduce the adverse events resulting from handling, activities and radiation, which is applied more extensively in critical patients accepting pulmonary rehabilitation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905359

ABSTRACT

At the end of 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by a new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 spread rapidly. There is still no specific medicine for it. It is important to consider the functional improvement and rehabilitation. This article discussed on respiratory rehabilitation in management of patients with COVID-19.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of genome-wide distribution of 6-methyladenine (6mA) of DNA in chorionic tissues from abortuses with monosomy 21.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from chorionic samples from four abortuses with monosomy 21 and four without. After quality and purity test, partial DNA was subjected to chromatin immunoprecipitation with anti-6mA antibody, and then identified by sequencing. The sequencing data was analyzed by using bioinformatic software for the difference in 6mA between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Analysis of read peaks suggested that the control group have much more 6mA genes (n=4607) compared with the experiment group (n=1059). For chromosome 21, this difference is even more pronounced (8032 vs. 1769). Above results suggested that the level of 6mA modification in monosomy 21 is low. Gene ontology enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis indicated that the absence of 6mA genes in monosomy 21 is closely related to the growth and development of embryo.@*CONCLUSION@#The 6mA modification of human genes may play a similar role to 5-methylcytosine (5mC) modification during the growth and development of embryos.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 333-336, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818429

ABSTRACT

Metabolomics, which inherits the ideas of genomics and proteomics, has been widely applied in clinical medical research. In the field of kidney transplantation, changes, which occur in the concentration of small molecule metabolites in blood or urine, can be used to identify organs at risk of acute rejection, locate organ damage, and monitor graft function. This article reviews the problems in the field of kidney transplantation, the concepts, characteristics and research methods of metabolomics, as well as the progress in the application of kidney transplantation and the biomarkers that have been discovered.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804549

ABSTRACT

@#To establish a method for the determination of ketamine and MDA and their main metabolites in urine by solid phase microextraction-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. In a urine sample supplemented with quantitative ketamine, norketamine, MDMA and MDA control. The solution was adjusted pH 11, added solid Na2CO3, heated and stirred at 60 °C. Then, the sample was extracted by SPME with 60 μm polydimethylsiloxane-vinylbenzene copolymer(PDMS/DVB ), a middle-polar coated fiber for 15 minutes and then analyzed by HPLC-MS. The result showed good linearity in the range of 0. 03-1. 0 μg/mL, r≥0. 999 2, and LOD was 0. 01 μg/mL, the value of the average recovery rate was varying from 97. 19%-105. 44%, and RSD was within 10%. The method is simple, safe and accurate, and can be used to determine ketamine, MDMA and their main metabolites in urine.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800419

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) inhibitor on liver function and tissue in rats with hepatic hydatidosis.@*Methods@#A model of liver echinococcosis was established in 100 female Wistar rats, 60 of 100 were, randomly divided into three groups, Control group (0.3 ml normal saline), Low dose group (50 μmol/L p38MAPK inhibitor SB-202190), High dose group (100 μmol/L SB-202190B). The reagents were given via the hepatic artery 1, 3, 7, 14 and 42 days after the rat model was generated. Rats were sacrificed 42 days after the intervention, liver tissue and blood samples were collected for liver function study.@*Results@#Alanine aminotransferase levels were (49.58±2.38) U/L, (38.35±1.34) U/L and (30.93±1.51) U/L and aspartic aminotransferase levels were (67.45±5.14) U/L, (54.86±1.09) U/L and (45.76±1.04) U/L in the Control group, the Low-dose group and High-dose group, showing a decreasing trend, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Triglycerides in the Low-dose group were higher than those in Control group and the High-dose group, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). In the Control group, the hepatocytes were severely injured, with almost no normal hepatocytes left, and the normal hepatocyte boundaries were also disrupted, he normal hepatic lobule was replaced by the pseudolobules. In the Low-dose group, there were more inflammatory cells, and less replacement of normal liver cells by pseudolobules. High dose group of a small amount of inflammatory cells infiltration, roughly normal liver cells, normal liver cell line is clear, visible central vein of liver cells.@*Conclusion@#p38MAPK inhibitor SB-202190 improved liver function and reduced liver tissue damage in rats with hepatic hydatidosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824512

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK)inhibitor on liver function and tissue in rats with hepatic hydatidosis.Methods A model of liver echinococcosis was established in 100 female Wistar rats,60 of 100 were,randomly divided into three groups,Control group(0.3 ml normal saline),Low dose group(50 p,mol/L p38MAPK inhibitor SB-202190),High dose group(100 μmol/L SB-202190B).The reagents were given via the hepatic artery 1,3,7,14 and 42 days after the rat model was generated.Rats were sacrificed 42 days after the interven-tion,liver tissue and blood samples were collected for liver function study.Results Alanine aminotrans-ferase levels were(49.58±2.38)U/L,(38.35±1.34)U/L and(30.93±1.51)U/L and aspartic ami-notransferase levels were(67.45±5.14)U/L,(54.86±1.09)U/L and(45.76±1.04)U/L in the Control group,the Low-dose group and High-dose group,showing a decreasing trend,with statistically sig-nificant differences(all P<0.05).Triglycerides in the Low-dose group were higher than those in Control group and the High-dose group,with statistically significant differences(all P<0.05).In the Control group,the hepatocytes were severely injured,with almost no normal hepatocytes left,and the normal hepato-cyte boundaries were also disrupted,he normal hepatic lobule was replaced by the pseudolobules.In the Low-dose group,there were more inflammatory cells,and less replacement of normal liver cells by pseud-olobules.High dose group of a small amount of inflammatory cells infiltration,roughly normal liver cells,normal liver cell line is clear,visible central vein of liver cells.Conclusionp38MAPK inhibitor SB-202 190 improved liver function and reduced liver tissue damage in rats with hepatic hydatidosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and feasibility of neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior elective surgery following self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) for complete obstructive left hemicolon cancer.@*METHODS@#This prospective, multicenter, open-labelled trial was approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University(2016-ke-161-1) and registered in Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02972541).@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#(1)age between 18 and 75 years old;(2) adenocarcinoma confirmed by pathology;(3) left hemicolon cancer confirmed by clinical manifestations and imaging examinations with the distance to anal verge > 15 cm; (4) resectable cancer evaluated by imaging examination without distant metastasis; (5) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score ≤ 1 or Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) > 70, indicating tolerance of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and operation; (6) absence of chemotherapy or radiotherapy within past six months; (7) bone marrow system and hepatorenal function: hemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L, neutrophil ≥ 1.5×10/L, platelet ≥ 80×10/L, total bilirubin ≤ 1.5×ULN(upper limits of normal), serum transaminase ≤ 2.5×ULN, serum creatinine ≤ 1.0×ULN, endogenous creatinine clearance rate > 50 ml/min; (8) sign for informed consent.@*EXCLUSION CRITERIA@#(1) multiple primary colorectal cancer; (2) rejection of operation;(3) presenting peritonitis or bowel perforation before SEMS; (4) unqualified conditions proved by inspector from registration data. According to inclusion criteria, 62 consecutive patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to elective surgery following SEMS for complete obstructive left hemicolon cancer from Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University (n=31), Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (n=14), the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (n=13), Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University (n=2), the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University (n=2) between December 2015 and December 2017 were prospectively enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into neoadjuvant chemotherapy group and elective surgery group according to the investigator's clinical experience and patient's preference. Patients in the elective surgery group received surgery within one to two weeks after SEMS placement without neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Those in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group received 2 cycles of CapeOX or 3 cycles of mFOLFOX6 neoadjuvant chemotherapy within one to two weeks after SEMS placement, and then underwent surgery within 3 weeks after finishing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Data between groups were compared using Student t-test, chi-square analysis or Fisher exact test analysis, including basic clinical informations, operational conditions and postoperative complications. The adverse reactions during the neoadjuvant chemotherapy were recorded. Surgical difficulty was assessed using visual analog scales ranging from 1 to 10, where 1 represented the lowest and 10 the highest degree of surgical difficulty, as judged by the surgeon.@*RESULTS@#The study included 38 males and 24 females with mean age of (64.8±8.8) years. The clinical baseline data between 2 groups were not significantly different (all P>0.05) except the average time interval between SEMS and surgery was significantly longer in neoadjuvant chemotherapy group [(61.6±13.5) days vs. (10.4±5.2) days, t=16.679, P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior elective surgery following SEMS is a relatively safe and feasible approach in the treatment for obstructive left hemicolon cancer, and is associated with less stoma, more laparoscopic surgery, shorter operative time, less blood loss, lower surgical difficulty, and faster postoperative recovery as compared with conventional elective surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prospective Studies , Stents , Treatment Outcome
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 639-643, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777220

ABSTRACT

Klotho is highly expressed in the kidney, while soluble Klotho is detectable in the blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid, and has multiple hormone-like functions. The role of Klotho in kidney injury has attracted more and more attentions from researchers. Emerging evidence revealed that the transient deficiency of Klotho is an early event of acute kidney injury (AKI), whereas, in chronic kidney disease, this deficiency is sustained not only in the kidney, but also in other organ systems. Therefore, Klotho could be a potential biomarker for early diagnosis of AKI, as well as for its progression to chronic kidney disease. Moreover, Klotho might have therapeutic value to renal injury. Nevertheless, there are only few studies on the involvement of Klotho in post AKI repair. This review focused on the role of Klotho in not only kidney injury, but also its repair, in particular the relationship between Klotho and cell fate (autophagy/apoptosis/necrosis), repair/regeneration, Wnt/β-catenin and erythropoietin receptor, one of the Klotho effectors.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Metabolism , Biomarkers , Disease Progression , Glucuronidase , Physiology , Humans , Kidney , Metabolism , Pathology , Signal Transduction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696614

ABSTRACT

Neonates occupied a large numbers in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) group.Cases of ECMO for neonate diseases increased year by year and the survival rate of patients improved apparently all over the world.But in China,ECMO in newborn diseases is still at the starting stage.ECMO is a feasible resolution for neonates with circulation or respiratory crisis who had no response to all medical treatment except ECMO.But ECMO still has invasive problem,difficulties in anti-coagulation management,high ratio of complication,expensive cost and unsatisfactory survival rates of newborns with some disease.Now,the application of ECMO for neonate diseases at home and abroad was summarized.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692618

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the pathogenic gene of osteopetrosis to provide reference for its genetic di-agnosis and prognosis .Methods The clinical data and peripheral blood samples were collected from the pa-tients with osteopetrosis ,DNA was extracted ,the whole exome sequencing library was built ,then the high throughput detection was performed and the pathogenic gene was screened by combining with the bioinformat-ics technology .Results The whole exomes in 2 cases of osteopetrosis were analyzed ,the average sequencing depth of the two samples were 169 .38X and 231 .06X respectively ,in which the case 1 carried rare mutation TCIRG1(c .1305+2T>C) ,TCIRG1(c .2008C> T ) and CLCN7(c .1116C> T );the case 2 carried a rare muta-tion CLCN7(c .857G>A ) .T he bioinformatics analysis indicated that the rare mutations carried by these cases all had different degrees of influence on the structure and function of gene products .Conclusion The whole exome sequencing can once screen the know n pathogenic mutations of osteopetrosis ,is an effective tool for pathogenic mutation screening of osteopetrosis ,the clinical disease in 2 cases of osteopetrosis may be closely related with the patient′s carrying TCIRG1 and CLCN7 mutation .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618592

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effects of nitroglycerine on cooling and rewarming during cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCAC).Methods Forty-six patients undergoing total aortic arch replacement with DHCAC, 38 males and 8 females, aged 26-74 years, falling into ASA physical status Ⅳ or Ⅴ, were randomly assigned to study group (n=24) and control group (n=22).The same cooling and rewarming methods were implemented in both groups.During cooling and rewarming, the study group received nitroglycerine infusion and the control group normal saline of same volume.The rectum rewarming time, the nasopharyngeal cooling and rewarming time were measured and compared.Results The time of rewarming rectum was significantly shorter in the study group compared to the control group [(104±30) min vs (127±31) min, P<0.05].There was no difference in cooling time , time of rewarming nasopharynx.Conclusion Nitroglycerine shortens the time of rewarming rectum during cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3797-3800, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662955

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced gastric carcinoma patients before laparoscopic minimally invasive resction.METHODS:In retrospective analysis,93 patients with advanced gastric carcinoma were divided into single group (55 cases) and combined group (38 cases).Single group received laparoscopic minimally invasive operation.Combination group was given Tetrahydrofolate injection 400 mg/m2+Oxaliplatin injection 85 mg/m2,i.v.,2 h,d1+ Fluorouracil injection 2 400 mg/m2,i.v.,46 h,d2.A treatment course lasted for 2 weeks,both received 2-4 courses of treatment and 4 weeks later received laparoscopic minimally invasive resection.Both groups received routine treatment as parenteral nutrition and preventive anti-inflammation.They were given oxaliplatin+capecitabine or gimeracil oteracil potassium capsule+oxaliplatin chemotherapy for 6 courses.Clinical efficacies and ADR of combination group were observed.Operation time,intraoperative blood loss,intraoperative blood transfusion,resection range,conversions to laparotomy,the number of lymph node dissection,complete resection and postoperative first exhaust time,the time of fluid feeding recovery,the length of hospital stay and complications were observed in 2 groups.RESULTS:The objective remission rate and disease control rate of combination group were 44.8% and 92.2%;there were 23 case time of grade Ⅰ ADR,13 case time of grade Ⅱ ADR and 3 case time of grade Ⅲ ADR.Complete resection rate of combination group was significantly higher than that of single group,with statistical significance (P<0.05).There was no statistical significance in operation time,intraoperative blood loss,intraoperative blood transfusion,resection range,conversions to laparotomy,the number of lymph node dissection,postoperative first exhaust time,the time of fluid feeding recovery,the length of hospital stay or the incidence of complications between 2 groups (P>0.05).CONCLUSIONS:For advanced gastric carcinoma patients before laparosapic minimally invasive resection,tetrahydrofolate,oxaliplatin and fluorouracil neoadjuvant chemotherapy show therapeutic efficacy and can improve the rate of complete resection without increasing the incidence of ADR.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3797-3800, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661093

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced gastric carcinoma patients before laparoscopic minimally invasive resction.METHODS:In retrospective analysis,93 patients with advanced gastric carcinoma were divided into single group (55 cases) and combined group (38 cases).Single group received laparoscopic minimally invasive operation.Combination group was given Tetrahydrofolate injection 400 mg/m2+Oxaliplatin injection 85 mg/m2,i.v.,2 h,d1+ Fluorouracil injection 2 400 mg/m2,i.v.,46 h,d2.A treatment course lasted for 2 weeks,both received 2-4 courses of treatment and 4 weeks later received laparoscopic minimally invasive resection.Both groups received routine treatment as parenteral nutrition and preventive anti-inflammation.They were given oxaliplatin+capecitabine or gimeracil oteracil potassium capsule+oxaliplatin chemotherapy for 6 courses.Clinical efficacies and ADR of combination group were observed.Operation time,intraoperative blood loss,intraoperative blood transfusion,resection range,conversions to laparotomy,the number of lymph node dissection,complete resection and postoperative first exhaust time,the time of fluid feeding recovery,the length of hospital stay and complications were observed in 2 groups.RESULTS:The objective remission rate and disease control rate of combination group were 44.8% and 92.2%;there were 23 case time of grade Ⅰ ADR,13 case time of grade Ⅱ ADR and 3 case time of grade Ⅲ ADR.Complete resection rate of combination group was significantly higher than that of single group,with statistical significance (P<0.05).There was no statistical significance in operation time,intraoperative blood loss,intraoperative blood transfusion,resection range,conversions to laparotomy,the number of lymph node dissection,postoperative first exhaust time,the time of fluid feeding recovery,the length of hospital stay or the incidence of complications between 2 groups (P>0.05).CONCLUSIONS:For advanced gastric carcinoma patients before laparosapic minimally invasive resection,tetrahydrofolate,oxaliplatin and fluorouracil neoadjuvant chemotherapy show therapeutic efficacy and can improve the rate of complete resection without increasing the incidence of ADR.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1759-1767, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660196

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate whether Yiqi-Wenyang-Huoxue-Huatan formula ( YWHHF) attenuats brain injury induced by hypoxia-hypercapnia pulmonary hypertension ( HHPH) in the rats by inhibiting excessive endoplasmic re-ticulum stress response .METHODS:Healthy SPF male SD rats ( n=50 ) were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group, hypoxia-hypercapnia group, low-dose YWHHF group, middle-dose YWHHF group and high-dose YWHHF group. The rats in control group lived in normal environment , while the rats in other 4 groups were raised for 4 weeks in oxygen tank with low oxygen concentration and high CO 2 concentration .YWHHF was perfused in the rats of low-, middle-and high-dose groups at 0.15, 0.3 and 0.6 g/kg daily, respectively.The rats in hypoxia-hypercapnia group were given isomet-ric distilled water.The surgery was performed on the rats after 4 weeks, and the brain and lung tissues were quickly collect-ed to detect brain water content and observe the morphological changes after mean pulmonary artery pressure recording and heart perfusion .The caspase-3 activity and the apoptotic index of the brain cells were determined .The expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), caspase-12, C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) at protein and mRNA levels in brain tissues was detected by Western blot and RT-PCR.RESULTS:Compared with con-trol group, mean pulmonary artery pressure, brain water content, brain apoptotic index, caspase-3 activity, and the protein and mRNA levels of JNK, caspase-12, CHOP and GRP78 in the rest 4 groups were increased , and the brain and lung tis-sues had obvious damage under light microscope .Compared with hypoxia-hypercapnia group , mean pulmonary artery pres-sure, brain water content , brain apoptotic index , caspase-3 activity, and the protein and mRNA expression of JNK , caspase-12, CHOP and GRP78 in low-, middle-and high-dose YWHHF groups were decreased , and the pathological dam-age of the brain and lung tissues was obviously reduced under light microscope .These changes in middle-dose YWHHF group were the most significant .CONCLUSION:YWHHF effectively relieves the brain injury induced by HHPH in rats , which may be associated with inhibiting excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress response .

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1759-1767, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657776

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate whether Yiqi-Wenyang-Huoxue-Huatan formula ( YWHHF) attenuats brain injury induced by hypoxia-hypercapnia pulmonary hypertension ( HHPH) in the rats by inhibiting excessive endoplasmic re-ticulum stress response .METHODS:Healthy SPF male SD rats ( n=50 ) were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group, hypoxia-hypercapnia group, low-dose YWHHF group, middle-dose YWHHF group and high-dose YWHHF group. The rats in control group lived in normal environment , while the rats in other 4 groups were raised for 4 weeks in oxygen tank with low oxygen concentration and high CO 2 concentration .YWHHF was perfused in the rats of low-, middle-and high-dose groups at 0.15, 0.3 and 0.6 g/kg daily, respectively.The rats in hypoxia-hypercapnia group were given isomet-ric distilled water.The surgery was performed on the rats after 4 weeks, and the brain and lung tissues were quickly collect-ed to detect brain water content and observe the morphological changes after mean pulmonary artery pressure recording and heart perfusion .The caspase-3 activity and the apoptotic index of the brain cells were determined .The expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), caspase-12, C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) at protein and mRNA levels in brain tissues was detected by Western blot and RT-PCR.RESULTS:Compared with con-trol group, mean pulmonary artery pressure, brain water content, brain apoptotic index, caspase-3 activity, and the protein and mRNA levels of JNK, caspase-12, CHOP and GRP78 in the rest 4 groups were increased , and the brain and lung tis-sues had obvious damage under light microscope .Compared with hypoxia-hypercapnia group , mean pulmonary artery pres-sure, brain water content , brain apoptotic index , caspase-3 activity, and the protein and mRNA expression of JNK , caspase-12, CHOP and GRP78 in low-, middle-and high-dose YWHHF groups were decreased , and the pathological dam-age of the brain and lung tissues was obviously reduced under light microscope .These changes in middle-dose YWHHF group were the most significant .CONCLUSION:YWHHF effectively relieves the brain injury induced by HHPH in rats , which may be associated with inhibiting excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress response .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317515

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the treatment status of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in Shandong province,by analyzing the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 1 165 patients with gastric GIST between January 2000 and December 2013 from 23 tertiary referral hospitals in Shandong Province were collected to establish a database. The risk stratification of all cases was performed according to the National Institutes of Health(NIH) criteria proposed in 2008. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate. Log-rank test and Cox regression model were used for univariate and multivariate prognostic analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 1 165 cases of gastric GIST, 557 were male and 608 were female. The median age of onset was 60 (range 15-89) years. Primary tumors were located in the gastric fundus and cardia in 623 cases(53.5%), gastric body in 346 cases(29.7%), gastric antrum in 196 cases(16.8%). All the cases underwent resection of tumors, including endoscopic resection (n=106), local resection (n=589), subtotal gastrectomy(n=399), and total gastrectomy(n=72). Based on the NIH risk stratification, there were 256 cases (22.0%) at very low risk, 435 (37.3%) at low risk, 251 cases (21.5%) at intermediate risk, and 223 cases (19.1%) at high risk. A total of 1 116 cases(95.8%) were followed up and the median follow-up period was 40 (range, 1-60) months. During the period, 337 patients relapsed and the median time to recurrence was 34 (range 1-60) months. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 98.6%, 86.1% and 73.4%, respectively. The 5-year survival rates of patients at very low, low, intermediate, and high risk were 93.1%, 85.8%, 63.0% and 42.3% respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P=0.000). Multivariate analysis showed that primary tumor site (RR=0.580, 95%CI:0.402-0.835), tumor size (RR=0.450, 95%CI:0.266-0.760), intraoperative tumor rupture(RR=0.557, 95%CI:0.336-0.924), risk classification (RR=0.309, 95%CI:0.164-0.580) and the use of imatinib after surgery (RR=1.993, 95%CI:1.350-2.922) were independent prognostic factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The choice of surgical procedure for gastric GIST patients should be based on tumor size. All the routine procedures including endoscopic resection, local excision, subtotal gastrectomy and total gastrectomy can obtain satisfactory curative outcomes. NIH classification has a high value for the prediction of prognosis. Primary tumor site, tumor size, intraoperative tumor rupture, risk stratification and postoperative use of imatinib are independent prognostic factors in gastric GIST patients.</p>

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1148-1151, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502235

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significances of karyotyping analysis on umbilical cord vein blood lymphocytes in the diagnosis of abnormal karyotypes in middle to late period of pregnant fetus.Methods A volume (0.5 ~ 1 ml) of umbilical cord vein blood was extracted from pregnant women in third trimester pregnancy with prenatal detection indications,and collected in sterilized anticoagulant tube.Lymphocytes were cultured and collected for karyotyping analysis after fixed and dropped on slides.Data were analyzed statistically.Results Lymphocytes were cultured successfully in 1 211 cases out of total 1 213 cases collected.Totally 142 abnormal karyotypes were found,which includes 81 cases (detection rate 6.68 %) of non-heteromorphic abnormal chromosomes and 61 cases (detection rate 5.03%) of heteromorphic chromosomes.Among these abnormal karyotypes,50 cases (accounting for 35.21% in total abnormal cases) of aneuploidy include 4 cases of chimerical karyotype.Structural abnormalities were found in 31 cases (accounting for 21.83% in total abnormal cases) samples including 11 cases of translocations,17 cases of inversion and 3 cases of deletion.Conclusions Based on our findings,karyotyping analysis on umbilical cord vein blood lymphocytes could be an effective method for detect abnormal karyotypes in middle to late period of pregnant fetus and played an important role in prenatal diagnosis.

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