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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on vasomotor symptoms in rats with acute cerebral infarction, by observing the changes in the expression of factors related to the phosphatidylinositol (PI) system.@*METHODS@#Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the control group (n=6), the model group (n=18) and the EA group (n=18). The EA group was given EA treatment at Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after modeling with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method, while the model and control groups were not given any treatment. The degrees of neurological deficiency were evaluated using neurological severity scores (NSS) and the brain blood flow was evaluated by a laser scanning confocal microscope. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect the expression levels of G-protein subtype (Gq) and calmodulin (CaM). Competition for protein binding was conducted to detect the expression level of inositol triphosphate (IP3). Thin layer quantitative analysis was conducted to detect the expression level of diacylglycerol (DAG). The expression level of intracellular concentration of free calcium ion ([Ca@*RESULTS@#The NSS of the model group was significantly higher than the control group at 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while the EA group was significantly lower than the model group at 6 h (P<0.01). The cerebral blood flow in the model group was significantly lower than the control group at 1, 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while for the EA group it was remarkably higher than the model group at the same time points (P<0.01). The expressions of Gq, CaM, IP3, DAG and [Ca@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment at GV 26 can effectively decrease the over-expression of related factors of PI system in rats with acute cerebral infarction, improve cerebral autonomy movement, and alleviate cerebral vascular spasm.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Phosphatidylinositols , Rats , Rats, Wistar
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929015

ABSTRACT

Branchio-oto syndrome (BOS)/branchio-oto-renal syndrome (BORS) is a kind of autosomal dominant heterogeneous disorder. These diseases are mainly characterized by hearing impairment and abnormal phenotype of ears, accompanied by renal malformation and branchial cleft anomalies including cyst or fistula, with an incidence of 1/40 000 in human population. Otic anormalies are one of the most obvious clinical manifestations of BOS/BORS, including deformities of external, middle, inner ears and hearing loss with conductive, sensorineural or mix, ranging from mild to profound loss. Temporal bone imaging could assist in the diagnosis of middle ear and inner ear malformations for clinicians. Multiple methods including direct sequencing combined with next generation sequencing (NGS), multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), or array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) can effectively screen and identify pathogenic genes and/or variation types of BOS/BORS. About 40% of patients with BOS/BORS carry aberrations of EYA1 gene which is the most important cause of BOS/BORS. A total of 240 kinds of pathogenic variations of EYA1 have been reported in different populations so far, including frameshift, nonsense, missense, aberrant splicing, deletion and complex rearrangements. Human Endogenous Retroviral sequences (HERVs) may play an important role in mediating EYA1 chromosomal fragment deletion mutations caused by non-allelic homologous recombination. EYA1 encodes a phosphatase-transactivator cooperated with transcription factors of SIX1, participates in cranial sensory neurogenesis and development of branchial arch-derived organs, then regulates the morphological and functional differentiation of the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear toward normal tissues. In addition, pathogenic mutations of SIX1 and SIX5 genes can also cause BOS/BORS. Variations of these genes mentioned above may cause disease by destroying the bindings between SIX1-EYA1, SIX5-EYA1 or SIX1-DNA. However, the role of SIX5 gene in the pathogenesis of BORS needs further verification.


Subject(s)
Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome/pathology , Chromosome Deletion , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Genetic Research , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Pedigree , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879907

ABSTRACT

Peak expiratory flow (PEF) is a portable, reliable, and inexpensive method for lung function assessment. PEF can reflect expiratory airflow limitation and its variability can document reversibility, which provides an objective basis for the diagnosis of asthma in children. Short-term PEF monitoring can be an important aid in the management of acute asthma exacerbations, identification of possible triggers, and assessment of response to treatment. Long-term PEF monitoring can assist in the assessment of asthma control and warning of acute exacerbations, and this is useful for children with severe asthma. This article reviews the measurements, influencing factors, interpretation, and application of PEF, and its role in the diagnosis and management of asthma in children, to provide references for the clinical application of PEF in children.


Subject(s)
Asthma/therapy , Child , Humans , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate , Respiratory Function Tests
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between the bronchial dilation test (BDT) and asthma control level in children with asthma.@*METHODS@#A total of 153 children with asthma, aged 5-14 years, who attended the outpatient service from March 2016 to March 2018 were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of atopic constitution, they were divided into an allergic group with 79 children and a non-allergic group with 74 children. The correlation between BDT and Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) scores was analyzed for both groups.@*RESULTS@#All basic pulmonary function parameters were positively correlated with C-ACT scores in the non-allergic group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The improvement rate of BDT is well correlated with C-ACT scores in children with asthma, suggesting that BDT can be used as an index for predicting asthma control level.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Child , Child, Preschool , Dilatation , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung , Vital Capacity
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of titanium cable biomimetic reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament and clavicular hook plate in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 39 patients with severe acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, 19 patients in double strand titanium cable group, including 13 males and 6 females, aged from 26 to 67 years old; Rockwood classification:10 cases of type Ⅲ, 4 cases of type Ⅳ and 5 cases of type Ⅴ;8 cases of traffic injury and 11 cases of fall injury;the time from injury to operation was 3 to 6 days. There were 20 patients in steel plate group, including 15 males and 5 females, aged from 25 to 71 years old. Rockwood classification:11 cases of type Ⅲ, 4 cases of typeⅣ, 5 cases of type Ⅴ;7 cases of traffic injury, 13 cases of fall injury;the time from injury to operation was 2 to 7 days. The length of incision, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, cost, VAS score before and after operation, and Constant-Murley score before and after operation were compared between two groups. Postoperative X-ray films were taken to observe the reduction and maintenance of acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-six patients were followed up for 12 to 14 months. The amount of intraoperative blood loss in the two groups was basically the same. The operation incision in double strand titanium cable group was shorter, the operation time in steel plate group was shorter, and the operation cost in double strand titanium cable group was less. One week and one year after operation, the pain of double strand titanium cable group was less than that of steel plate group. One year after operation, the Constant-Murley score of double strand titanium cable group was higher than that of steel plate group. The postoperative X-ray showed that the acromioclavicular joint in double strand titanium cable group was well reduced, and there was 1 case with slight reduction loss. In the plate group, there was no reduction loss after removal of the clavicular hook plate, and 8 patients had distal clavicular bone atrophy or acromion bone resorption. In steel plate group, 4 cases had long-term postoperative pain, postoperative dysfunction and other complications.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction with double strand titanium cable is better than that of clavicular hook plate in the treatment of severe acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation, with less trauma (no secondary operation) and lower cost.


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Titanium , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879307

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C)/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 (VEGFR-3) signaling on nitric oxide (NO) production and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in human osteosarcoma MG63 cells and the subsequent impact on the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). MethodsMG63 cells were treated with VEGF-C alone (VEGF-C group), VEGF-C + iNOS inhibitor aminoguanidine (AG; AG group), and VEGF-C + VEGFR-3 inhibitor MAZ51 (MAZ51 group); untreated MG63 cells were used as controls. NO production was evaluated by a colorimetric method involving nitrate reductase. Meanwhile, mRNA and protein levels of iNOS were examined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot. To explore the effect of VEGF-C/VEGFR-3/iNOS signaling of MG63 cells on proliferation of HUVECs, we set up six groups: HUVECs, HUVECs+MG63, HUVECs+VEGF-C, HUVECs+MG63+VEGF-C, HUVECs+MG63+VEGF-C+AG, and HUVECs+MG63+VEGF-C+MAZ51 groups. The proliferation of HUVEC cells was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation assay, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression quantitation. ResultsVEGF-C treatment enhanced iNOS expression at both gene and protein levels (mRNA: LSD-

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879153

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the extraction rate of crude polysaccharides and the yield of polysaccharides from Hippocampus served as test indicators. The comprehensive evaluation indicators were assigned by the R language combined with the entropy weight method. The Box-Behnken design-response surface methodology(BBD-RSM) and the deep neural network(DNN) were employed to screen the optimal parameters for the polysaccharide extraction from Hippocampus. These two modeling methods were compared and verified experimentally for the process optimization. This study provides a reference for the industrialization of effective component extraction from Chinese medicinals and achieves the effective combination of modern technology and traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Dietary Carbohydrates , Hippocampus , Neural Networks, Computer , Polysaccharides , Temperature
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a predictive equation for commonly used pulmonary ventilation function parameters in children aged 6-<16 years in northeast China.@*METHODS@#A total of 504 healthy children from Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang provinces of China were selected for the prospective study, among whom there were 242 boys and 262 girls. The JAEGER MasterScreen Pneumo spirometer was used to measure pulmonary ventilation function. With the measured values of 10 parameters, including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV@*RESULTS@#The boys aged 9-<10 years and 15-<16 years had significantly higher body height, FVC, and FEV@*CONCLUSIONS@#A new predictive equation for the main pulmonary ventilation function parameters has been established in this study for children aged 6-<16 years in northeast China, which provides a basis for accurate judgment of pulmonary function abnormalities in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Ventilation , Reference Values , Schools , Vital Capacity
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1945-1949, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the factors influencing the mobilization of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (auto-PBSCs) in patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma, and provide reference for optimizing the autologous stem cell mobilization regimen.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 33 multiple myeloma and lymphoma patients received auto-PBSCs mobilization in our center from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected, the correlation of mobilization failure rate with gender, age, courses of chemotherapy before mobilization, does of recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF), type of disease, and chemotherapy regimen were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Type of disease and course of pre-mobilization chemotherapy could affect the mobilization failure rate (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Multi-course chemotherapy before collection and lymphoma patients are poor factors negatively impacting on auto-PBSCs mobilization.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Humans , Lymphoma/therapy , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Peripheral Blood Stem Cells , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the microecological mechanisms of Shenling Baizhusan (SLBZ) and Lizhongtang (LZ) in treating antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) based on changes in the diversity of intestinal butyrate-producing bacteria. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into an SLBZ group (5.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) and an LZ group (5.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>). The gut microbiota disturbance model was induced by intragastric administration of clindamycin hydrochloride (315 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) and AAD model by <italic>Clostridium difficile</italic>. Subsequently, the rats were treated correspondingly. Fecal samples at different stages were collected and the total DNA was extracted. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification was performed with the primers of butyryl coenzyme A (CoA)-CoA transferase genes. The PCR products were cloned and sequenced to analyze the diversity response of butyrate-producing bacteria. Result:After treatment, both groups showed increased food uptake, formed feces, glossy and smooth fur, and improved activity and sensitivity. With the butyryl CoA-CoA transferase gene as the molecular marker, 297 sequences of butyrate-producing bacteria in the SLBZ group (SPD for short) and 300 sequences of butyrate-producing bacteria in the LZ group (LPD for short) were obtained. In the SLBZ group, 98, 100, and 99 sequences of SPD were obtained at the normal stage, the modeling stage, and the treatment stage, respectively, belonging to 8, 3, and 6 operational taxonomic units (OTUs), with similarity ranges of 78%-97%, 86%-99% , and 81%-97%. The number of OTUs recovered to 75% of the normal level after treatment. In the LZ group, 100 sequences of LPD were obtained at the normal stage, the modeling stage, and the treatment stage, respectively, belonging to 6, 2, and 4 OTUs, with similarity ranges of 83%-97%, 92%-99%, and 85%-99%. The number of OTUs recovered to 80% of the normal level after treatment. Butyrate-producing bacteria were present in all stages of the two groups, dominated by Firmicutes, accounting for more than 98% of the total number. The effects of SLBZ on SPD at the genus level were observed in the significant decrease in <italic>Clostridium</italic> abundance and the significant increase in <italic>Eubacterium</italic> abundance. The effect of LZ on LPD was mainly concentrated on the <italic>Roseburia </italic>at the genus level, and LZ also increased the abundance of <italic>Eubacterium</italic>, <italic>Lacrimi</italic>sp<italic>ora</italic>, and <italic>Clostridium</italic>. According to the phylogenetic tree, the classification of butyrate-producing bacteria increased from five clusters to seven clusters after SLBZ treatment, while that increased from three clusters to nine clusters after LZ treatment. Conclusion:In the treatment of AAD, SLBZ and LZ can regulate the structure and abundance of butyrate-producing bacteria in the intestine, restore their diversity, and improve the instability of the intestinal microecological environment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905207

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply multimodal ultrasound imaging in spasticity assessment for stroke patients with hemiplegia. Methods:From March to September, 2019, 44 inpatients with lower limb spastic hemiplegia after stroke (patients) and 46 healthy volunteers (controls) were scanned with two-dimensional ultrasound imaging, shear wave elastography and super microvascular imaging at the same area of gastrocnemius muscle of both sides of patients and right side of controls, in resting and maximum isometric contraction. The parameters of shear wave velocity (SWV), blood flow signal, pinnation angle (PA), fascicle length (FL) and muscle thickness (MT) were recorded. Results:SWV increased in the affected side of the patients compared with those of the unaffected side and controls in resting (t > 6.346, P < 0.01), while FL shortened (|t| > 6.235, P < 0.01), MT and PA changed compared with those of the unaffected side (|t| > 2.198, P < 0.05), and blood flow signal decreased compared with those of the controls (t = 2.604, P < 0.05). In maximum isometric contraction, the decrease of FL was less compared with those of the unaffected side and controls (Z > 6.703, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Ultrasound imaging can quantitatively evaluate spasticity of gastrocnemius muscle for patients with stroke in terms of morphological structure, blood flow, and muscle stiffness.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921631

ABSTRACT

The effects of four natural organic soil amendments on the quality and pesticide residues of Panax notoginseng were investigated through field experiments and the suitable dosage ratio of each soil amendment was selected to provide a new idea for the pollution-free cultivation of P. notoginseng. The four natural organic soil amendments used in this study were Jishibao, Jihuo, Fudujing, and omnipotent nutrients, which were produced by mixed fermentation of aboveground parts of different plants, biological waste residue, and biochar. During the experiments, only four soil amendments were applied to P. notoginseng instead of any pesticides and fertilizers. The experiment was designed as four factors and three levels. There were three dosage gradients(low, medium, and high) for Jishibao(A), Jihuo(B), Fudujing(C), and omnipotent nutrients(D). When the dosage of one soil amendment changed, the do-sage of the other soil amendments remained medium. There were 10 groups in addition to the soil amendment-free group as control(CK). The results showed that the four soil amendments could significantly improve the growth environment of P. notoginseng and increase the seedling survival rate and saponin content of P. notoginseng. The seedling survival rates of the treatment groups increased by 8.24%-30.05% as compared with the control group. Furthermore, the content of pesticide residues in P. notoginseng was too low to be detected, and that of heavy metals in P. notoginseng was far lower than the specified content in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020). The optimal effect was achieved at medium dosage for all the soil amendments with the highest content of saponins, high seedling survival rate, and significantly reduced heavy metals, such as lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury.


Subject(s)
Arsenic , Metals, Heavy/analysis , Panax notoginseng , Soil , Soil Pollutants/analysis
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878349

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a vaccine based on latent membrane protein 2 (LMP2) modified dendritic cells (DCs) that boosts specific responses of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) to LMP2 before and after intradermal injection in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).@*Methods@#DCs were derived from peripheral blood monocytes of patients with NPC. We prepared LMP2-DCs infected by recombinant adenovirus vector expressing LMP2 (rAd-LMP2). NPC patients were immunized with 2 × 10 @*Results@#We demonstrated that DCs derived from monocytes displayed typical DC morphologies; the expression of LMP2 in the LMP2-DCs vaccine was confirmed by immunocytochemical assay. Twenty-nine patients with NPC were enrolled in this clinical trial. The LMP2-DCs vaccine was well tolerated in all of the patients. Boosted responses to LMP2 peptide sub-pools were observed in 18 of the 29 patients with NPC. The follow-up data of 29 immunized patients from April, 2010 to April 2015 indicated a five-year survival rate of 94.4% in responders and 45.5% in non-responders.@*Conclusion@#In this pilot study, we demonstrated that the LMP2-DCs vaccine is safe and effective in patients with NPC. Specific CTLs responses to LMP2 play a certain role in controlling and preventing the recurrence and metastasis of NPC, which warrants further clinical testing.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cancer Vaccines/therapeutic use , China , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy/methods , Injections, Intradermal , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/therapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology , Viral Matrix Proteins/therapeutic use , Young Adult
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1397-1405, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics of allelic and haplotypic polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigens at HLA-A, -B, -C, DRB1 and DQB1 loci in Guangxi Zhuang population.@*METHODS@#Polymerase chain reaction-sequence based typing (PCR-SBT) was used to detect. The five loci (HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1) in 350 unrelated Zhuang ethnic individual from Guangxi region. Allelic and haplotypic frequencies were calculated by using Arlequin software 3.5.2.2. Phylogeny tree were constructed by using MEGA software 6.0, and SPSS software was used for principal component analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among the five loci in the population, only HLA-A and DRB1 loci were observed as departures from Hardy-Weinberg expectations. A total of 19 HLA-A, 42 HLA-B, 22 HLA-C, 25 HLA-DRB1 and 15 HLA-DQB1 alleles were found in 350 samples. The most highest frequent alleles were A*11: 01(28.57%), B*46: 01(14.00%), C*01: 02(18.43%), DRB1*16: 02 (15.71%)and DQB1*05: 02 (35.00%) . The most common five loci haplotype was A*33: 03-C*03: 02-B*58: 01-DRB1*03: 01-DQB1*02: 01(6.86%). The phylogenetic tree analysis showed that Guangxi Zhuang population had a relative close genetic relationship with southern Han Chinese populations.@*CONCLUSION@#This reaserch found that the HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 loci are highly polymorphic in Guangxi Zhuang population.


Subject(s)
Alleles , China , Gene Frequency , HLA-A Antigens , Genetics , HLA-B Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Genetics , Haplotypes , Humans , Phylogeny
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876235

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the intervention effect of upper limb rehabilitation exercise video on life quality in patients after modified radical mastectomy. Methods A total of 160 breast cancer patients received modified radical mastectomy were from Shanghai Jiading District Maternal and Child Health Hospital from June 2017 to June 2019.They were randomly divided into control group and observation group with 80 cases in each group.The patients in the control group were trained with routine upper limb rehabilitation exercise, and the patients in the observation group were given video training for upper limb rehabilitation exercise.Quality of life (QOL), anxiety scale and depression scale were used for corresponding evaluations.Satisfaction and compliance scales were also used for evaluation. Results Before intervention, there was no significant difference in each index between the two groups (P>0.05).After intervention, the quality of life in the observation group was better than that in the control group, including life status (21.43±4.83), functional status (19.69±4.72), emotional status (19.83±4.36), social/family status (19.59±3.62) and additional attention (24.73±3.27).There was no statistically significant difference in these parameters before and after intervention in the control group (P>0.05).The scores of anxiety (36.37±5.64) and depression (37.28±4.47) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant.The nursing satisfaction of patients in the observation group was much higher than that in the control group (91.25% vs 77.50%), and the proportion of compliance was higher than that in the control group (97.50% vs 68.75%). Conclusion In breast cancer patients received radical mastectomy, video-guided rehabilitation training can improve the quality of life and nursing satisfaction, compliance of rehabilitation, and condition of anxiety and depression.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and possible causes of familial spontaneous pneumothorax in combination with literatures.Methods:The detailed clinical information of 8 cases of FSP were retrospectively reviewed, and the clinical characteristics of FSP were analyzed combined with literatures.Results:Among 265 FSP patients in 76 families, the ratio of male to female is 1.55∶1, age of onset over 40 years old was 48.30%, 17.11%(13/76)of the cases occurred in the same generation, 67.10%(51/76)in two generations, 14.47%(11/76)in three generations and 1.31%(1/76)in four generations, and no intergenerational phenomenon was found. The proband had the mutation in the FLCN gene. The recurrence rates of observation, thoracentesis, chest tube drainage and operation were 21.62%(8/37), 48.39%(30/62), 38.89%(35/90)and 4.00%(4/100), respectively.Conclusion:Compared with sporadic cases of PSP, the clinical characteristics of FSP are as follows, the incidence of pneumothorax in man is higher than women, but women is significantly higher, and the age of pneumothorax is later, most of them are two generations, which may be related to heredity. And the effect of surgical treatment is the best.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867725

ABSTRACT

TSCI have dyskinesia and sensory disturbance that can cause various life-threaten complications. The patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Based on the epidemiology of TSCI and domestic and foreign literatures as well as expert investigations, this expert consensus reviews the definition, injury classification, rehabilitation assessment, rehabilitation strategies and rehabilitation measures of TSCI so as to provide early standardized rehabilitation treatment methods for TSCI.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the normal range of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in 6-18-year-old children in China, so as to provide a data base for the establishment of FeNO standards for Chinese children.Methods:A multi-center study was conducted on 5 949 children aged 6-18 (3 101 males and 2 848 females) in 16 pro-vinces of 7 administrative districts in China.According to the technical standard recommended by American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Association, FeNO was measured, and the relationship of FeNO with the sex, age, height, weight, body mass index and region was discussed.Results:The geometric mean FeNO value of Chinese children aged 6-18 was 14.1 ppb, and its 95% confidence interval (skewness distribution) was 1.0-38.2 ppb.The geometric mean FeNO values of children aged 6-11 and 12-18 were 13.1 ppb and 15.7 ppb, respectively, and their 95% confidence intervals (skewness distribution) were 1.0-38.1 ppb and 2.0-38.2 ppb.For children at and under 11 years old, FeNO decreased with age, with a mean decline of 1 ppb per year.The multiple linear regression results suggested that there was a significant correlation between FeNO and age for children aged 6-11, and FeNO of children aged 12-18 was significantly correlated with the gender, height, and region(all P<0.01). Conclusions:FeNO values of Chinese children and adolescents in this study are higher than those obtained by the previous study conducted from 2010 to 2012.For children aged 12-18, 16 ppb is recommended as the clinical cut-off point.For children at or under 11 years old, the influence of age on FeNO should be considered, and the cut-off point of FeNO decreases by 1 ppb as the age is reduced by one year.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848149

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Strong evidence exists that tendon adhesion occurs after tendon repair. OBJECTIVE: To review the advance in research on the prevention of tendon adhesion in terms of human amniotic membrane, drugs and growth factor. METHODS: A computer-based online search of Wanfang, CNKI, and Medline databases was performed to search papers regarding prevention of adhesion after tendon injury published between January 2000 and April 2019 with the search terms “tendon injury, tendon adhesions, drug, human amniotic membrane, growth factor” in English and Chinese. Papers recently published in high-impact journals in the same research field were selected. Fifty papers were included in the final analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Amniotic membrane and acellular amniotic membrane are effective in preventing tendon adhesion. Drugs can work in many ways to achieve the purpose of preventing adhesion, and drugs exhibit better efficacy after combined application with sustained-release carrier. Most growth factors not only promote tendon healing but also promote adhesion formation. The formation of tendon adhesion can be reduced by adjusting the concentration of growth factors in the lesion site.

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