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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 842-847, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923191

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the quality grade stand ard of the premature Forsythia suspensa . METHODS A total of 138 batches of premature F. suspensa were collected from the main producing areas of F. suspensa in China. According to 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia ,the contents of impurities ,moisture,ethanol-soluble extract ,volatile oil ,forsythin and forsythoside A in the premature F. suspense were determined ,and the qualified samples were screened. AHP-PCA mixed weighting method was used to give comprehensive weight to the indicators (except for the limit of impurity ). The comprehensive score of the samples was calculated. The suggestions on the quality grade division of premature F. suspensa were put forward according to cluster analysis of K-mean value. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS The contents of impurities ,moisture,ethanol-soluble extract ,volatile oil ,forsythin and forsythoside A in the premature F. suspense were 0-7.80%,1.60%-8.18%,13.13%-61.60%,0.21%-3.47%,0.02%-2.15% and 0.79%-14.04%,respectively;average contents of them were 1.24%,4.97%,34.88%,2.01%,0.42%,6.86%,respectively. Totally 47 batches of 138 batches were qualified in all indexes. It is suggested that the quality grade of the premature F. suspense can be divided into three grades :in first grade of F. suspense ,the contents of volatile oil ,forsythin,forsythoside A , ethanol-soluble extract and moisture were ≥2.40%,≥0.59%,≥8.34%,≥38.66% and ≤4.99%,respectively;in second grade of F. suspense ,the contents of above indicators were ≥2.26%,≥0.41%,≥7.47%,≥32.58% and ≤5.33%,respectively;in third grade of F. suspense ,the contents of above indicators were ≥2.15%,≥0.32%,≥4.60%,≥31.52% and≤7.23%,respectively.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 576-592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922887

ABSTRACT

Over the course of human civilization, viral infections have been a part of human life and still represent one of the heaviest burdens for human and society, with a huge devastating socioeconomic impact. Inorganic and bioinorganic chemistry have made important contributions to medical science and human health in the past half century. In this paper, we selected the representative cases in recent years, and reviewed the research progress of antiviral drug discovery from the perspective of bioinorganic chemistry.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on aged insomnia, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with aged insomnia were randomly divided into an EA group (30 cases) and a sham EA group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients in the EA group were treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Xinshu (BL 15) and Shenshu (BL 23), and EA was used at Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 29), with intermittent wave, 2 Hz in frequency. In the sham EA group, the acupoints and the EA connection acupoints were the same as those in the EA group, 2-3 mm in depth, but no current was connected. The intervention was given 30 min each time, once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks in the both groups. Before and after treatment, the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale were used to assess sleep quality and cognitive function, and serum melatonin (MT) and dopamine (DA) levels were detected.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total score and sub-item scores of PSQI in the EA group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can improve sleep quality and cognitive function in aged insomnia patients, and its mechanism may be related to regulating serum MT and DA levels.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Aged , Dopamine , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Melatonin , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 115-125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878241

ABSTRACT

In eukaryotic cells, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the key quality control organelle for cellular protein synthesis and processing. It also serves as an important site for Ca


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Endoribonucleases , Humans , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , eIF-2 Kinase
5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1270-1274, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911001

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between rs2494739 polymorphism of the AKT1 gene and cerebral infarction in the Han and Li ethnic groups in Hainan.Methods:A total of 143 cases of cerebral infarction and 197 healthy controls from the Han ethnic group, and 93 cases of cerebral infarction and 75 healthy controls from the Li ethnic group were enrolled.Genomic DNA was collected from peripheral blood.Rs2494739 polymorphisms were detected with the Snapshot technology, and SPSS 25.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results:The CC, CT and TT genotypes of rs2494739 were found in both the Han and Li ethnic groups, and their frequencies of distribution were 19.6%, 51.7% and 28.7% in the Han cases and 20.3%, 51.8% and 27.9% in the Han controls, whereas the frequencies were 19.3%, 45.2% and 35.5% in the Li cases and 33.3%, 42.7% and 24.0% in the Li controls, conforming to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium( P>0.05). The detection rate of genotype CC in the Li healthy controls was significantly higher than that in the Han controls( P<0.05), while no statistical difference was found between the Han and Li cases( P>0.05). The codominance hereditary model showed rs2494739 polymorphisms were not associated with cerebral infarction in the Han and Li ethnic groups( P=0.981 and 0.081, respectively)in Hainan.Further analysis revealed that the distribution frequency of genotype CC in the Li control group was significantly higher than that in the Li patient group( P=0.039, OR=0.48, 95% CI: 0.237~0.970). The distribution frequency of the T allele in the cases was significantly higher than that in the controls( P=0.020, OR=1.67, 95% CI: 1.082-2.576). Conclusions:Healthy Han and healthy Li ethnic groups in Hainan show differences in polymorphisms of rs2494739, which are not associated with the occurrence and development of cerebral infarction in the Hainan Han population.The CC genotype is a protective factor for the Li ethnicity from cerebral infarction and the T allele may be a susceptibility factor for cerebral infarction for the Li ethnicity in Hainan.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909494

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early warning effect of two polymorphisms of AKT1 gene (rs1130214, rs2494744) on the risk of atherosclerotic cerebral infarction in Hainan province.Methods:In this study, totally 243 patients with atherosclerotic cerebral infarction who were hospitalized of Hainan Province from January 2019 to October 2020 were selected as the cerebral infarction group, including 148 Han nationality people and 95 Li nationality people. And 272 healthy people who received physical examination in the same hospital during the same period were selected as the control group, including 197 Han nationality people and 75 Li nationality people.All participants signed informed consent. The peripheral anticoagulant DNA was collected, and the genomic DNA was extracted and amplified by PCR.The genotypes of rs1130214 and rs2494744 were analyzed by mass spectrometry, and the distribution frequency of genotypes in cerebral infarction group and control group was analyzed by Chi-square test with SPSS 25.0 software.Results:Regardless of nationality, there was no significant difference in the distribution frequency of rs1130214 and rs2494744 of AKT1 gene between cerebral infarction group and control group (both P>0.05). The frequencies of AA, AG and GG genotypes of rs2494744 locus were 44.59%, 51.36% and 4.05% in the cerebral infarction group of Han nationality, while they were 47.21%, 42.13% and 10.66% in the control group of Han nationality, with significant difference between the two groups(χ 2=6.396, P<0.05). The independent effects of the three genotypes were analyzed by regression analysis. The results showed that GG genotype might be a resistance factor of cerebral infarction in Han population ( P=0.024, OR=0.354, 95% CI: 0.139-0.901). The frequency of AA, AG and GG genotypes of rs2494744 was 58 (61.05%), 25 (26.32%), 12 (12.63%) in the control group of Li nationality, and 28 (37.33%), 39 (52.00%), 8 (10.67%) in the control group of Li nationality. The results showed that the distribution of AA was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05, OR= 2.631, 95% CI=1.410-4.09), while AG was on the contrary ( P<0.05, OR=0.330, 95% CI=0.173-0.627). Conclusion:AA genotype of rs2494744 in AKT1 gene polymorphism is a risk factor for cerebral infarction in Li nationality group, which has potential early warning value for cerebral infarction in Hainan Li nationality group, while AG has protective effect on cerebrovascular health in Hainan Li nationality group.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 610-615, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909063

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through differential miRNA expression profiles and bioinformatics in the peripheral blood of patients with Keshan disease (KD) and healthy control, to explore the possible pathogenesis of KD.Methods:Ten patients with chronic KD (KD group) were selected in the severe disease area of KD in Wulian County, and 10 healthy subjects (control group) were selected in non-KD area of Dongchangfu District, Shandong Province. Blood sample of elbow vein was collected and plasma was separated. RNA-seq technology was used to construct the differential expression profiles of miRNA in KD and control groups. Target mRNAs were screened using Starbase, miRTarBase, miRDB and TargetScan. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were conducted to investigate the possible pathogenesis of KD.Results:Compared the control group and KD group, 132 differentially expressed miRNAs were screened out, including 90 upregulated and 42 downregulated miRNAs. Through Starbase, miRTarBase, miRDB and TargetScan, 53 miRNAs were obtained, 737 targeted mRNAs were obtained. GO analysis showed that the differential genes were mainly involved in the biological processes of Ras protein signal transduction, transmembrane transport, cell cycle regulation, cell adhesion, etc. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differential genes were mainly involved in viral infection, endocytosis, adhesion spot and actin regulation.Conclusion:In this study, RNA-seq technology is used to obtain differential miRNA expression profiles of KD patients and healthy control, and target pathogenic genes and signaling pathways that may be related to KD are screened out.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908835

ABSTRACT

According to the current situation of the standardized training of laboratory physicians, China Medical University has established a high-quality teaching team of laboratory doctors who are proficient in both laboratory medicine and clinic practice; established a representative and valuable clinical case database based on organ, system, and disease, covering all aspects before, during and after analysis; and provided a direction for improving the teaching quality of standardized residency training for laboratory physicians by adopting such teaching modes as case-based learning (CBL), problem-based learning (PBL), autonomous learning, etc.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908818

ABSTRACT

Xuzhou Medical University, relying on the National Demonstration Center for Experimental Basic Medical Science Education and the scientific research platform of Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Brain Disease Bio-information, organizes clinical medical undergraduates to participate in the innovative training program of scientific research practice. Taking the research on signal transduction of ischemic nerve cell injury as an example, this paper studies the innovative practice training on experimental ability and scientific research thinking of medical undergraduates, and preliminarily discusses the promoting effect of innovative practice training on teaching reform of biochemistry and molecular biology. Innovative training in scientific research practice provides a new teaching method, which effectively promotes the cultivation of scientific research quality of medical undergraduates and the teaching reform of theoretical courses.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 5 patients undergoing radical resection of proximal gastric cancer in Cancer Hospital of China Medical University from January to December 2020 were collected. All 5 cases were male, aged from 57 to 72 years, with a median age of 65 years. All 5 patients underwent total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer combined with esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty. Observation indicators: (1) operative situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect postoperative anastomosis, esophageal reflux, nutritional status, quality of life, tumor recurrence and metastasis of patients up to February 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Operative situations: all 5 patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time, time of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty, number of lymph node dissected, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of surgical incision of 5 patients were (316±41)minutes,(109±11)minutes, 26±4, (48±12)mL, (3.4±0.4)cm, respectively. Results of intraoperative rapid frozen section pathological examination showed negative of esophageal margin. (2) Postoperative situations: the time to postoperative initial flatus, time to postoperative initial food intake, during of postoperative hospital stay, cost of treat-ment of 5 patients were (4.8±1.5)days, (5.8±1.5)days, (11.6±2.1)days and (5.5±0.4)×10 4 yuan, respectively. Results of postoperative pathological examination of 5 patients showed gastric adeno-carcinoma in all 5 patients including 4 cases with moderately and poorly differentiated adeno-carcinoma and 1 case with highly differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the TNM staging of pT1a-3N0-1 M0 stage. Of the 5 patients, 1 case underwent postoperative mild pneumonia and was cured by conservative treatment such as anti-infection and promotion of sputum evacuation. (3) Follow-up: all 5 patients were followed up for 2 to 12 months, with a median follow-up time of 6 months. Of the 5 patients, 4 cases underwent anastomotic patency and 1 case underwent mild anastomotic stenosis who was improved after endoscopic treatment. None of the 5 patients underwent reflux esophagitis. The body mass index, the score of nutritional risk screening 2002, the score of patient-generated subjective global assessment and the score of tumor patient quality of life of 5 patients were 21 kg/m 2(range, 19-27 kg/m 2), 2(range, 1-2), 2(range, 1-3) and 47(range, 42-52), respectively. None of the 5 patients underwent tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusion:Esophagogastric anas-tomosis with double muscle flap plasty can be used in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer which will lead to satisfactory short-term efficacy.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3224-3232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906849

ABSTRACT

In this study, exosomes were extracted from human malignant melanoma cell A375. Folic acid (FA) receptor was used as target and triptolide (TPL) was used as model drug to prepare exosome targeted drug delivery system, FA-Exo/TPL. The physicochemical properties and antitumor effect were evaluated in vivo and in vitro. Gradient centrifugation method was applied to collect exosomes. Then, exosome was modified with FA for loading TPL. The particle sizes of the FA-Exo/TPL were about 100 nm with a double-layer membrane structure like a tray. It is characteristic of high encapsulation efficiency and drug loading. In vitro experiments showed that FA-Exo/TPL could be effectively uptaken by A375 cells, thus significantly inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis the cells. In vivo experiment results showed that FA-Exo/TPL could effectively inhibit the growth of tumor tissue, prolong the model mice life cycle, and significantly reduce the systemic toxicity of the free drug, playing a synergistic and toxic role. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. This study provides a new strategies and methods for the preparation of TPL against malignant melanoma.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanism of Yanghe Huayantang in reversing the drug resistance of breast cancer by observing the effect of Yanghe Huayantang on the transplant tumor of tamoxifen (TAM)-resistant breast cancer and its influences on the interaction pathway of estrogen receptor (ER)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian rapamycin target protein (mTOR). Method:Fifty mice were randomly divided into 5 groups: blank group, model group, Yanghe Huayantang group, everolimus group, and Yanghe Huayantang+everolimus group. The model of kidney deficiency was established by bilateral ovariectomy, and the blank group was treated with sham operation. Three days after the establishment of the model, all the five groups of mice were inoculated with breast cancer TAM drug-resistant cells (MCF-7/TAM<sup>-</sup>) to establish breast cancer TAM -resistant transplanted tumor model. After successful modeling, Yanghe Huayantang group received intragastric administration of Yanghe Huayantang (traditional Chinese medicine preparation 20 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>), everolimus group received intraperitoneal injection of everolimus (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Yanghe Huayantang + everolimus group received Yanghe Huayantang by intragastric administration and everolimus by intraperitoneal injection. The blank group and model group received intragastric administration and intraperitoneal injection of phosphate buffer (PBS). Drug administration was lasted for 28 days in all groups, once a day. After administration, the tumor tissue was separated and weighed, and the tumor inhibition rate was calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of tumor tissue. Immunofluorescence and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were used to detect the expression of PI3K, Akt, mTOR, ER protein and mRNA in tumor tissue. Result:Compared with the model group, the tumor volume and tumor weight of Yanghe Huayantang group decreased significantly on the 12th, 20th and 28th days (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the tumor inhibition rate increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01).Yanghe Huayantang group significantly reduced the density of tumor cells and caused tumor cell necrosis. Compared with the model group, Yanghe Huayantang group, everolimus group and Yanghe Huayantang+everolimus group inhibited the expression of PI3K, Akt, mTOR protein and mRNA (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the blank group, Yanghe Huayantang group, everolimus group and Yanghe Huayantang+everolimus group all inhibited the protein and mRNA expression of ER, and mRNA expression of ER in Yanghe Huayantang+everolimus group was significantly lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Yanghe Huayantang can inhibit the growth of TAM-resistant breast cancer. The mechanism may be that Yanghe Huayantang can reverse the TAM resistance of breast cancer by down-regulating the expression of key molecules of ER/PI3K/Akt/mTOR cross-signal pathway.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Xiangshenwan on ulcerative colitis (UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in mice based on the classic Toll-like receptor (TLR)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) signaling pathway. Method:The experimental mice were divided into a normal group, a model group, a Xiangshenwan group, and a mesalazine group. The mice, except for those in the normal group, received 3% DSS solution for 7 days to establish the acute UC model and were treated with Xiangshenwan (5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and mesalazine (300 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) continuously from the 1st day to the 10th day of modeling. The body weight, disease activity index (DAI), colon weight, intestinal weight index, colon length, colon weight per unit length, and pathological changes of mice were evaluated respectively. The protein expression of TLR5, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), transforming growth factor <italic>β</italic>-activated kinase 1 (TAK1), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, IRAK1, TAK1-binding protein 1 (TAB1), TAB2, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MKK3), MKK6 and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB) in colon tissues of mice was detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased body weight of mice, increased DAI scores, elevated colon weight, intestinal weight index, and colon weight per unit length, shortened colon length, severe colonic mucosal injury, and up-regulated protein expression of TLR5, MyD88, IRAK4, TRAF6, TAK1, p38 MAPK, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, IRAK1, TAB1, TAB2, MKK3, MKK6, and CREB in colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01<bold>).</bold> Compared with the model group, the Xiangshenwan group and the mesalazine group displayed increased body weight of mice, decreased DAI scores, declining colon weight, intestinal weight index, and colon weight per unit length, increased colon length, improved colonic mucosal injury, and down-regulated protein expression of TLR5, MyD88, IRAK4, TRAF6, TAK1, p38 MAPK, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, IRAK1, TAB1, TAB2, MKK3, MKK6, and CREB in colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Xiangshenwan can effectively treat DSS-induced UC presumedly by the inhibition of TLR/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Xiaojinwan in treating breast cancer bone metastases through cell experiments and bioinformatic analysis. Method:The inhibitory effect of Xiaojinwan on MCF-7 cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The key components and targets responsible for Xiaojinwan in inhibiting breast cancer bone metastases were predicted by network pharmacology and molecular docking. The active components and targets of Xiaojinwan were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCSMP) and SwissTarget Prediction, and the breast cancer bone metastases-related targets from GeneCards and DisGeNET. The results were imported into STRING for constructing a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, followed by Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis using DAVID. A network of the active components of Xiaojinwan-breast cancer bone metastases-related targets-pathways was constructed using Cytoscape 3.7.2. AutoDock 4 was employed for molecular docking. The protein expression levels of matrix metallopmteinase-9 (MMP-9), hypoxia-inducible factor 1<italic>α </italic>(HIF1A), and androgen receptor (AR) were assayed by Western blot. Result:Xiaojinwan inhibited the viability of MCF-7 cells and acted on breast cancer bone metastases through such processes as redox and protein autophosphorylation. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that HIF-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathways were involved. As verified by molecular docking, the active components such as eucalyptin stably bound to AR and MMP-9. Western blot indicated that Xiaojinwan dose-dependently inhibited the expression of MMP-9 and HIF1A proteins in MCF-7 cells. Conclusion:Xiaojinwan acts on AR and MMP-9 through HIF, VEGF and other related signaling pathways, thereby improving hypoxia in tumor microenvironment, inhibiting angiogenesis, and reducing cell invasion and viability.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905858

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the underlying mechanism of volatile oil from Sishenwan in treating chronic ulcerative colitis through the Toll-like receptor (TLR)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway. Method:The BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a normal group (normal), a model group [dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)], a Sishenwan volatile oil group, an Ershen pill volatile oil group, a Wuweizi powder volatile oil group, and a mesalazine control group. The chronic ulcerative colitis model was induced by DSS in mice. Seven days after intragastric administration, the efficacy was evaluated based on the body weight, colon weight, colon weight index, colon length, and pathological damage score under colonoscopy. The levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-17A, IL-21, and interferon-<italic>γ </italic>(IFN-<italic>γ</italic>) in the supernatant of colon tissues were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of proteins related to the TLR/MyD88 signaling pathway in the colon mucosa of mice, including TLR2, MyD88, Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1), IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4), IRAK1, tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>-activated kinase 1 binding protein 1 (TAB1), TAB2, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6 (MKK6), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB). Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased colon length, increased colon weight, colon weight index, and pathological damage score under colonoscopy, decreased IL-10 level in the colon tissues, increased IL-4, IL-17A, IL-21, and IFN-<italic>γ</italic> levels (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), and up-regulated protein expression of TLR2, MyD88, Rac1, IRAK4, IRAK1, TRAF6, TAB1, TAB2, MKK6, p38MAPK, and CREB (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the model group, the Sishenwan volatile oil group showed increased colon length, reduced colon weight, colon weight index, and pathological damage score under colonoscopy, elevated IL-10 level in the colon tissues, decreased IL-4, IL-17A, IL-21, and IFN-<italic>γ</italic> levels (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01),and down-regulated protein expression of TLR2, MyD88, Rac1, IRAK4, IRAK1, TRAF6, TAB1, TAB2, MKK6, p38MAPK, and CREB (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01). Conclusion:The volatile oil from Sishenwan can effectively improve the inflammatory response of chronic ulcerative colitis, which may be achieved by regulating the TLR/MyD88 signaling pathway.

16.
Mycobiology ; : 142-150, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902732

ABSTRACT

The species within the family Cunninghamellaceae are widely distributed and produce important metabolites. Morphological studies along with a molecular phylogeny based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit (LSU) of ribosomal DNA revealed two new species in this family from soils in China, that is, Absidia ovalispora sp. nov. andCunninghamella globospora sp. nov. The former is phylogenetically closely related to Absidia koreana, but morphologically differs in sporangiospores, sporangia, sporangiophores, columellae, collars, and rhizoids. The latter is phylogenetically closely related to Cunninghamella intermedia, but morphologically differs in sporangiola and colonies. They were described and illustrated.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1293-1300, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887066

ABSTRACT

As a novel transdermal drug delivery technology of minimally invasive, safe and efficient, microneedles have received increasing attention. The microchannels formation by microneedles onto the skin is a prerequisite and key for microneedles to deliver drugs. However, there is still a lack of systematic evaluation in skin microchannels. This review summarized influencing factors and evaluation methods in microchannels formation and healing by microneedles, including geometric parameters, materials for preparation, drugs, penetration parameters, differences among the skin of subjects, and presence or absence of occlusion. This review provides reference for other scholars to further study the effectiveness and security of microneedle applications.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1999-2004, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887014

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the effects of the blend of nanoparticles and microneedle matrix materials on the mechanical properties of dissolving microneedles were studied mainly, so as to construct microneedles with excellent mechanical properties. Different kinds of nanoparticles (calcium carbonate, hydroxyapatite, silica), particle sizes (20, 60, 100 nm) and the proportion of prescription (2%, 6%, 10%) were blended with the matrix material [polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), poly(1-vinylpyrrolidone-co-vinyl acetate)(PVP/VA)] to form dissolving microneedles. The effects of nanoparticles on the elastic modulus and hardness of the microneedles were investigated using a nanoindenter. The results showed that the elastic modulus and hardness of PVP microneedles were significantly improved by nano-calcium carbonate (P < 0.001), and the elastic modulus and hardness of PVP/VA microneedles were significantly improved by nano-hydroxyapatite (P < 0.001). When the particle size of hydroxyapatite was 20 nm, the elastic modulus of PVP/VA microneedles was (10.6 ± 1.0) GPa, and the hardness was (0.47 ± 0.06) GPa. As the size of the nanoparticles increases, the mechanical performance of the microneedles decreases. When the mass proportion of nano-hydroxyapatite increased from 2% to 6%, the elastic modulus and hardness of the microneedles were significantly improved (P < 0.001), but the effect of continue increasing the proportion of nanoparticles on the microneedles was not significant. The nano-enhanced PVP/VA dissolving microneedles has no irritant effect on intact skin and has a slight irritation to damaged skin, but they disappear completely after 72 h. Animal experiments have been approved by the Laboratory Animal Welfare and Ethics Committee of Zhejiang University of Technology. Therefore, the nano-enhanced dissolving microneedles has good biological safety. To sum up, it is necessary to select the appropriate kind of nanoparticle, particle size, and prescription ratio when microneedles constructing with a given matrix material, so as to effectively improve its mechanical performance.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1163-1169, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886985

ABSTRACT

To investigate the influence factors and effects of metal or dissolving microneedles on the formation and healing of skin microchannels, the pencil-shaped or conical stainless steel microneedles with different lengths, tip to tip space and base area, and the pencil-shaped dissolving microneedles with different tip to tip space were used. The microneedles were applied to the skin of epilatory mice and rats, and the effects of various microneedle parameters, application parameters, and animals on the microchannels were explored by the transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and methylene blue staining. Visually observe the skin local irritation caused by the microneedles. The animal experiments were approved by the Animal Experiments Welfare and Ethical Committee of Zhejiang University of Technology. The application time of the microneedle should be maintained at 30 s or more. When the insertion forces were 2, 4, 8 N, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 12.9, 33.0, 40.4 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. When the length of metal microneedle were 400, 600, 800 μm, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 37.1, 40.4, 49.5 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. When the tip to tip space of metal microneedle were 400, 600, 800 μm, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 33.2, 40.4, 55.8 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. When the base area of metal microneedle were 0.16, 0.35, 0.62 cm2, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 35.1, 40.4, 67.1 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. The effects of conical and pencil-shaped microneedles are similar. When the tip to tip space of pencil shaped dissolving microneedle were 400, 600, 800 μm, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 49.8, 60.5, 70.5 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. The TEWL baseline values of animal skins of different genders and series are different, but the tendency of microchannels formation and closure is similar. Visual inspection revealed that the slight erythema caused by the microneedles subsided within 24 h. Microneedles of different parameters have different effects on microchannels. The microchannels closed within 24 or 48 h, and the skin local irritation caused by microneedle was mild.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1332-1335, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886902

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of different doses of aerobic exercise on the microvascular function of habitually sedentary college students.@*Methods@#A total of 69 students from Hubei Minzu University were recruited and divided into sports group A, sports group B and control group, with 23 students in each group (12 boys and 11 girls). The exercise group received 12 weeks of aerobic exercise intervention, in which group A exercised 1-2 times a week, group B exercised≥3 times a week, and the control group did not carry out any systematic sports. Microvascular response, Transcutaneous partial pressure of oxygen(TcpO 2), Nitric oxide, Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and En dothelin-1 (ET-1) were measured before and after the test.@*Results@#After the test, the microvascular reactivity showed group and time interaction( P <0.01), in which exercise group B was greater than that of control group and exercise group A ( P <0.01). There was no significant difference between exercise group A and control group ( P >0.05), but the percutaneous partial pressure of oxygen ( P =0.53) had no time interaction with other groups; NO( F =6.32) and NOS( F =7.91) had group and time interaction, in which exercise group B was greater than control group and exercise group A ( P <0.01), and there was no significant difference between exercise group A and control group ( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a "dose effect" relationship between aerobic exercise and microcirculatory blood perfusion and endogenous NO. Continuous aerobic exercise ≥3 times a week for 12 weeks improved microcirculatory blood perfusion and promoted endogenous NO production in sedentary college students, but doing aerobic exercise for 1-2 times a week had no significant effect on microcirculatory blood perfusion and endogenous NO.

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