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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2100-2103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904682

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, with the extensive development of phacoemulsification and the gradual application of femtosecond laser technology in the field of cataract surgery, femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery(FLACS)has become popular year by year, and has been recognized and promoted by more and more doctors. Femtosecond laser technology has high accuracy, automation and repeatability, so it is quite suitable for cataract surgery characterized by precision operation, it can be used in cataract surgery for corneal incision and limbal incision, anterior capsule incision, lens fragmentation and other key operations. FLACS has broad application prospects and can greatly improve the predictability and safety of surgery. The emergence of FLACS is one of the most important developments in modern cataract surgery. With the continuous development of FLACS, cataract surgery will usher in new technological innovations. However, FLACS are relatively new, and longer term, more comprehensive data are still needed to better demonstrate their effectiveness in the future. We review the current research progress of FLACS.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 491-494, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect of perforator flap of proper palmar digital and hallex fibular flap in repair of soft tissue defect of fingers.Methods:A total of 52 patients with finger soft tissue injury were reviewed from January, 2017 to January, 2019. Twenty-seven patients were repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, and 25 by hallex fibular flaps. Both groups of patients had only soft tissue defects without phalangeal fracture. Postoperative follow-up were conducted by phone, WeChat and visit of outpatient clinic. The recovery of finger sensory function was evaluated according to the Trial Standard for Replantation Evaluation of Severed Digit by the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association. The flaps were evaluated according to the shape, patient satisfaction and finger function and classified in excellent, good, fair and poor. Data of the 2 groups of patients were collected and statistically analysed by SPSS 22.0. P<0.05 was statistically significant. Results:Both groups entered follow-up for 12-16 months. All flaps in both groups survived. There was statistically significant difference of TPD between the 2 groups[TPD were 4-7(5.3±1.2) mm and 6-10(8.4±1.7)mm, respectively]( t=7.642, P=0.000). According to the Evaluation Criteria of the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association. In the group repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, 17 fingers were excellent, 6 good, and 4 fair, with a 85.1% of excellent and good rate. In the group repaired by hallex fibular flap, 8 fingers were excellent, 5 good, 9 fair, and 3 poor, with a 52.0% of excellent and good rate. The difference between 2 groups was statistically significant ( t=6.710, P=0.009). There was a 3.7% incidence of complications in the group repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, and 25.9% in the group repaired by hallex fibular flap. The difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant( t=4.167, P=0.032), and there was a higher incidence of complications in the group repaired by hallex fibular flap. Conclusion:The perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery and the hallex fibular flap are good choices in the repair of finger soft tissue defect. However, the postoperative complication of the hallux fibular flap is relatively high. Therefore, it is necessary to make a decision in the choice of flap according to the actual situation in clinical work.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of different processing techniques on the chemical constituents of Aurantii Fructus for screening the dominant decoction pieces. Method:UPLC-Q/TOF-MS was used to detect the chemical constituents of Aurantii Fructus, chromatography separation was achieved on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), and gradient elution was performed with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution (B) as mobile phase (0-10 min, 5%-35%B; 10-18 min, 35%-75%B; 18-21 min, 75%-100%B; 21-24 min, 100%B; 24-24.1 min, 100%-5%B; 24.1-28 min, 5%B). Data acquisition was carried out in electrospray ionization (ESI) under the positive ion mode, the scanning range was m/z 50-1 200. The chemical constituents in methanol extract of Aurantii Fructus were identified according to reference substance, relative molecular weight, mass spectrometric cleavage rule and literature information. SIMCA-P 13.0 software was used to establish principal component analysis (PCA) model and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) model of Aurantii Fructus processed products, PCA score plot, PLS-DA loading plot and variable importance in the protection (VIP) values were obtained to screen the material basis for the main differences before and after processing of Aurantii Fructus. Result:A total of 54 chemical components were identified by UPLC-Q/TOF-MS. PCA indicated that there were significant differences among different groups of Aurantii Fructus processed by different methods. A total of 14 chemical components with VIP value >1 were screened by PLS-DA as the main chemical markers for the differences before and after processing, including hesperidin, poncirin, narirutin, etc. The comprehensive weighted score showed that the content of effective components in Aurantii Fructus processed with honey bran was the highest. Conclusion:The contents of chemical constituents in Aurantii Fructus before and after processing are significantly changed. Flavonoids are the most important compounds to distinguish different processed products of Aurantii Fructus. Aurantii Fructus processed with honey bran is the dominant variety.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 218-222, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756315

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the design,incisional method and clinical experiences of using the mi cro-dissected polyfoliate anterolateral thigh perforator flap to repair of complex soft tissue defect in extremities.Methods From June,2017 to September,2018,12 cases of different kinds of complex soft tissue defect in extremities were repaired by micro-dissected free polyfoliate anterolateral thigh perforator flap.Each flap was divided into two cutaneous perforators to give two separate flap with a common vascular supply.The flaps were cut from the superficial layer of the deep cervical fesciae and without fascia lata.The donor sites were treated by subcutaneous cosmetic suture.Patients were followed-up by outpatient service,telephone and WeChat video to observe and record the flap's appearance,sensory recovery,extremities function and the scars of the donor site to evaluate its clinical efficacy.Results All flaps survived without vascular crisis happened except one-leaf necrosis occurred,which healed with local flap transferring.The donor sites remained linear scars.The mean flap thickness of this group after micro-dissection was (4.5±0.5) mm.All the patients were followed-up for 5-15 months.The 2 point discrimination ranged between 0.5-2.0 cm.Sensory restoration ranking was S3-S3+.The range of montion of wrist joint was 65°-90°,and that of ankle joint was 40°-60°.Conclusion The micro-dissected polyfoliate anterolateral thigh perforator flap is an ideal method for complex and irregular multiple sites soft tissue defect in extremities as it can keep good economic benefit and minimal damage to the donor site.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2321-2324, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669393

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To clinical effect of 25G+ vitrectomy combined with intravitreal injection of Conbercept for severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy ( PDR) .·METHODS: A clinical case control study. A total of 35 patients (42 eyes) with severe PDR who underwent 25G+vitrectomy in our hospital from October 2014 to August 2016 were randomly divided into two groups: A and B. Among them, 18 cases (22 eyes) was given conbercept intravitreal injection combined with vitrectomy as Group A;17 cases (20 eyes) was only given vitrectomy without conbercept injection were Group B. Observation of operation duration, intraoperative complications, the incidence of vitreous hemorrhage ( RVH) , macular foveal thickness ( CFT) at 3mo after operation were observed, best corrected visual acuity ( logMAR BCVA ) , and macular foveal thickness ( CFT ) at 6mo after operation were observed too.·RESULTS: The operative time of Group A and B was 58. 23± 8. 18min and 72. 41 ± 10. 31min, the difference was statistically significant ( t = 2. 9, P = 0. 002 ). During the operation, the main complications were iatrogenic hiatus and intraoperative bleeding, Group A of 2 eyes and 1 cases, Group B of 7 eyes and 6 eyes, the difference was statistically significant (P=0. 041, 0. 027). The incidence of vitreous hemorrhage (RVH):at 3mo after operation, that in Group A was 2 eyes, and in Group B was 8 eyes, the incidence of vitreous hemorrhage was statistically significant between the two Groups (P=0. 030). The best corrected visual acuity was 0. 92 ± 0. 35 in Group A and 1. 04±0. 43 in Group B at 6mo postoperatively, but there was no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0. 241, P= 0. 212), but compared with the preoperative visual acuity improved obviously, the difference was statistically significant (t=4. 614, t=7. 355; P<0. 01). CFT:at 3mo after operation, that of Group A was 273. 42 ± 25. 21μm, Group B was 284. 58 ± 27. 44μm, there was no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0. 488, P= 0. 179 ), but there were significantly decrease, the difference was statistically significant( t=3. 152, t=4. 933;P<0. 01 ); at 6mo after operation, CFT of Group A was 238. 16 ± 16. 35μm, Group B was 247. 04 ± 17. 43μm, there was no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0. 571, P=0. 133), but there were significantly decrease, the difference was statistically significant ( t= 2. 474, t=4. 802;P<0. 01).·CONCLUSION: The 25G+ vitrectomy combined with preoperative conbercept intravitreal injection in patients with severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy can effectively improve vision and reduce macular edema, compared with simple vitrectomy, the operation time can be shortened, the incidence of complications can be reduced, and the incidence of vitreous hemorrhage in 3mo after operation can be significantly reduced.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1110-1112, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637827

ABSTRACT

?AIM: To compare the clinical effect of 23G and 25G+vitrectomy for retinal detachment.?METHODS:Forty seven patients with retinal detachment were treated with 23G vitrectomy (27 eyes in 27 cases as group A) and 25G+ vitrectomy (20 eyes in 20 cases as group B ) . The operation time and the incidence of intraoperative complications were recorded. The occurrence of retinal reposition, visual acuity, intraocular pressure ( IOP ) and complications were observed. Postoperative follow-up time of the two groups were 3d, 1wk, 3mo. The relevant records were statistically analyzed and compared.?RESULTS: The operation time of 23G group and 25G+group were 50. 21+4. 52min, 49. 15+5. 14min,respectively and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0. 05). The main complications were retinal hemorrhage and iatrogenic retinal hole. There were 3 eyes with retinal hemorrhage, 2 eyes with iatrogenic retinal hole in 23G group, and 1 eye with retinal hemorrhage, 1 eye with iatrogenic retinal hole in the 25G+group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P0. 05). The number of eyes with hypotonia in 23G and 25G+group were 3 and 1 eyes respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P 0. 05). At the last follow-up, the results showed that 26 eyes ( 96%) with retinal reposition in 23G group, 19 eyes (95%) in 25G+ group, the difference was not statistically significant (P>0. 05).?CONCLUSION: The clinical effect of 23G and 25G+vitrectomy for retinal detachment is similar, but 25G+vitrectomy can reduce incidence of complications and early postoperative low IOP.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635877

ABSTRACT

Background The different incisions in phacoemulsification,including the length,location and shape etc.,can cause surgery-induced astigmatism ( SIA ).But the SIA caused by 2.2 mm,3.0 mm corneal limbal incision after phacoemulsification,especially the change of posterior corneal surface astigmatism is still rarely reported. Objective This study was to investigate the anterior,posterior and total corneal SIA and compare their differences between phacoemulsification and foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with 2.2 mm and 3.0 mm corneal limbal incisions. Methods Seventy-one eyes of 47 cases were randomly divided into two groups with matched age,visual acuity and astigmatism degree.Phacoemulsification and IOL implantation with 2.2 mm incision at the steepest corneal meridian was performed on the patients of 2.2 mm incision group,and the same surgery was adopted with 3.0 mm incision as 3.0 mm incision group.Corneal curvature radius and central corneal thickness were measured by Pentacam at 1 day before surgery and 1 week,1 month and 3 months after surgery respectively.The anterior and posterior corneal surface SIAs were calculated according to the flat axis and steep axis of corneal curvature and the air and the cornea refractive index.Based on the anterior and posterior surface SIAs,the total corneal SIA was then calculated using the vector analysis method.Jaffe/Clayman vector method was used to calculate the anterior and posterior and total corneal SIAs in the different time points,and the differences were compared between the two groups.Oral informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to the trial. Results The mean anterior and posterior surface corneal SIAs appeared to be lower in 2.2 mm incision group compared with 3.0 mm incision group at postoperative 1 day,1 week,1 month and 3 months but were not significantly different among groups at various time points ( anterior SIA:P =0.290 ; posterior SIA:P =0.740 ; total SIA:0.434 ).The mean anterior corneal surface SIAs were significantly lower at the postoperative 3 months than those at postoperative 1 day,1 week in both groups(2.2 mm incision group:P=0.020,0.036;3.0 mm incision group:P=0.006,0.023 ).The posterior corneal surface SIAs were (0.70±0.43 ) D and (0.75 ±0.54 ) D at 1 day in 2.2 mm incision group and 3.0 mm inscision group,respectively,and significantly decreased posterior corneal surface SIAs were found in postoperative 1 week,1 month and 3 months compared with 1 day in both groups ( 2.2 mm incision group:all P =0.001 ; 3.0 mm incision group:P=0.028,0.044,0.032).The total corneal surface SIA showed significant differences between 1 day and 1 week,1 month,3 months after surgery ( 2.2 mm incision group:P =0.015,0.002,0.002 ; 3.0 mm incision group:P =0.049,0.007,0.016 ). Conclusions There are no significant differences in the anterior,posterior and total corneal surface SIAs between 2.2 mm and 3.0 mm incisions after phacoemulsification with IOL implantation.The SIA is gradually reduced with the prolongation of postoperative time.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379977

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application valve of bFGF to improve the viability of trans-plantation flap in Wistar rat. Methods Forty-eight Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups based on the age: group A,B(1.5 month old, every group was 12 rats) and group C,D (3 month old, every group was 12 rats). After an ischemic model completed, recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor (rb-bFGF) was given to groups A and C in ischemie zone by vascularization flap injection and the equality of normal saline to groups B and D. 14 days postoperatively, the muscular tissue was sent for histology, the blood vessel density was calculated by image analysis, and positive VEGF was detected by immunohistochem-istry. Results The member of capillaries and positive VEGF were more in group A than that in B, and also were morein group C than D(P < 0.05), but there were not statistic difference between group A and C (P > 0.05). Conclusion Recombinant bovine bFGF can stimulate angiogenesis and improve the ischemie vascu-larization flap of rat, which is not associated with their age.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 455-457,后插1, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591522

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical therapeutic efficacy of the clinical study of thumb tip defect reconstruction with free distal second toe in emergency. Methods Fifteen cases of thumb tip defect were reconstructed with free distal second toe in emergency.The blood supply was restored by anastomosis of digital and toe'S artery and nerves,the dorsal surface and other side vein of fingers all can be anastomosed with toe's vein.but the first was main. Results All of fifteen fingers survived.Followed-up from 3 months to 3 years,all reconstruction thumbs has a satisfying outward appearance,normal nail and fingerprint,well pinch and hold functions, none effect to the foot. Conclusion Repair of thumb tip defects using free distal second toe in emergency enables favorable functional recovery and satisfying outward appearance,the method is simple and rats recover quickly.

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