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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of double channel decompression and bone grafting through the greater trochanter combined with allograft fibula propping in the treatment of osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH).@*METHODS@#Twenty two patients (23 hips) with osteonecrosis of the femoral head were included from November 2017 to February 2019. According to Association Research Cirulation Osseous(ARCO) staging, there were 13 hips at stageⅡgroup, aged from 20 to 48 years old with an average of(32.5±8.5)years old;10 hips at stageⅢgroup, aged from 18 to 45 years old with an average of(32.7±8.6) years old. A single approach through the greater trochanterwas used for decompression, bone grafting and fibula support. Harris scoring system was used to evaluate the function of hip joint before and after implantation, and the anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of hip joint were taken at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after implantation to observe and analyze the progress of femoral head necrosis and regeneration.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.6±2.1) months. Harris score of stageⅡand stageⅢpatients increased from 73.2± 5.5 and 66.5±3.4 to 87.6±8.7(@*CONCLUSION@#The effect of double trochanteric decompression and bone grafting combined with fibular allograft propping in the treatment of early and middle stage avascular necrosis of the femoral head is good, especially suitable for young and middle aged patients with ARCOⅡstage avascular necrosis of the femoral head.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Bone Transplantation , Decompression , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis , Fibula , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the antitumor effect and the mechanism of Dunhuang Pingweiwan and its decomposed recipes based on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in SCG-7901 gastric cancer-mice. Method:The subcutaneous tumor bearing model of SCG-7901 gastric cancer in mice was established, and the the mice were randomized into model group, Dunhuang Pingweiwan group (14.04 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), Huoxue Jiedu group (6.50 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), Wenzhong Sanhan group (3.64 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) and cisplatin group (2 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), with 8 mice in each group. From the 8<sup>th</sup> day of inoculation, the mice were administered for 10 consecutive days. The mice were weighed and the general conditions were observed every other day. On the next day of the last administration, the mice were sacrificed, and the tumor was removed and weighed to calculate the anti-tumor rate. The histopathological changes were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the mRNA and protein expressions of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR in tumor tissues were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively. Result:From the 10<sup>th</sup> day of inoculation, the mice in cisplatin group were generally in poor condition and their body mass decreased. The mice in model group, Dunhuang Pingweiwan group, Huoxue Jiedu group and Wenzhong Sanhan group were generally fair, and their body mass increased without significant difference among groups. The tumor inhibition rates of Dunhuang Pingweiwan, Huoxue Jiedu, Wenzhong Sanhan and cisplatin groups were 30.74%, 24.80%, 4.19% and 63.84%, respectively. Except for Wenzhong Sanhan group, tumor weight of the other treatment groups was significantly lower than that of the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and there was no significant difference between the Dunhuang Pingweiwan and Huoxue Jiedu group. Dunhuang Pingweiwan and Huoxue Jiedu group could significantly reduce tumor cell density and cause tumor cell necrosis. Compared with the model group, the expressions of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR mRNA and protein in the Dunhuang Pingweiwan, Huoxue Jiedu and cisplatin groups significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and there was no significant difference between the Dunhuang Pingweiwan group and Huoxue Jiedu group. Conclusion:Dunhuang Pingweiwan and its decomposed recipes (Huoxue Jiedu) have a certain anti-tumor effect on the SCG-7901 gastric cancer-mice, and the mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of key molecules in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922772

ABSTRACT

Buxue Yimu Pill (BYP) is a classic gynecological medicine in China, which is composed of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, Leonurus japonicus Houtt, Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge, Colla corii asini and Citrus reticulata Blanco. It has been widely used in clinical therapy with the function of enriching Blood, nourishing Qi, and removing blood stasis. The current study was designed to determine the bioactive molecules and therapeutic mechanism of BYP against hemorrhagic anemia. Herein, GC-MS and UPLC/Q-TOF-MS/MS were employed to identify the chemical compounds from BYP. The genecards database (https: //www.genecards.org/) was used to obtain the potential target proteins related to hemorrhagic anemia. Autodock/Vina was adopted to evaluate the binding ability of protein receptors and chemical ligands. Gene ontology and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were conducted using the ClusterProfiler. As a result, a total of 62 candidate molecules were identified and 152 targets related to hemorrhagic anemia were obtained. Furthermore, 34 active molecules and 140 targets were obtained through the virtual screening experiment. The data of molecular-target (M-T), target-pathway (T-P), and molecular-target-pathway (M-T-P) network suggested that 32 active molecules enhanced hematopoiesis and activated the immune system by regulating 57 important targets. Pharmacological experiments showed that BYP significantly increased the counts of RBC, HGB, and HCT, and significantly down-regulated the expression of EPO, IL-6, CSF3, NOS2, VEGFA, PDGFRB, and TGFB1. The results also showed that leonurine, leonuriside B, leosibiricin, ononin, rutin, astragaloside I, riligustilide and levistolide A, were the active molecules closely related to enriching Blood. In conclusion, based on molecular docking, network pharmacology and validation experiment results, the enriching blood effect of BYP on hemorrhagic anemia may be associated with hematopoiesis, anti-inflammation, and immunity enhancement.


Subject(s)
Anemia/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 996-1005, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886974

ABSTRACT

Natural products are valuable resources for discovering new drugs. So far, screening bioactive compounds from organism extracts is still an important and challenging task. Traditional biometric guided method involves repeated fractionation steps and bioactivity tests, which are time-consuming, labor-consuming, and inefficient. Ligand fishing is a bioanalysis method for screening ligands from complex organism extracts based on intermolecular affinity interactions. It has the characteristics of strong specificity, high efficiency, and less requirement for sample pretreatment. In this review, we summarize the classification of ligand fishing strategy and its application in enzyme inhibitors screening. Finally, the development prospects of this technology are forecasted.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1535-1538, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886430

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the efficacy of phacoemulsification combined with capsular tension ring(CTR)implantation in the treatment of patients with high myopia complicated with cataract, and to analyze its safety. <p>METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 186 patients(186 eyes)with high myopia and cataract who underwent phacoemulsification+ intraocular lens(IOL)implantation treatment in our hospital. Among them, 98 cases(98 eyes)were combined with CTR implantation(combined group)and 88 cases(88 eyes)were not combined with CTR implantation(control group). The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA, LogMAR), visual quality \〖root mean square value(RMS)of higher-order aberration(HOA)\〗 and corneal endothelial cell density were recorded in the two groups before surgery and at 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery, and the area of anterior capsular orifice and inclination angle of IOL were evaluated at 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery, and the occurrence of complications such as postoperative anterior capsule opacification, posterior capsule opacification and capsular contraction syndrome were compared between the two groups.<p>RESULTS: There were interaction effects in the BCVA between the two groups(<i>P</i><0.05). The BCVA of the two groups after surgery was decreased compared with that before surgery(<i>P</i><0.05), and the BCVA of combined group after surgery was lower than that of control group(<i>P</i><0.05). There were interaction effects in the total HOA RMS(<i>P</i><0.05), and the total HOA RMS of the two groups after surgery was increased compared with that before surgery(<i>P</i><0.05), and the total HOA RMS after surgery in combined group was lower than that in control group(<i>P</i><0.05). There were interaction effects in the anterior capsular orifice area after surgery between the two groups(<i>P</i><0.05), and the area in the two groups was decreased with the prolongation of postoperative time(<i>P</i><0.05), and the area in combined group at 3 and 6mo after surgery was higher than that in control group(<i>P</i><0.05). The IOL inclination angle of the two groups had interaction effects between the two groups(<i>P</i><0.05), and the angle of the two groups was increased with the prolongation of postoperative time(<i>P</i><0.05), and the angle of combined group at 3 and 6mo after surgery was lower than that of control group(<i>P</i><0.05). The corneal endothelial cell density in the two groups after surgery was lower than that before surgery(<i>P</i><0.05), but there was no interaction effect(<i>P</i> >0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Phacoemulsification+ IOL implantation + CTR implantation can improve the visual function of patients with high myopia complicated with cataract, with few postoperative complications and good efficacy and safety.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880511

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Modified Xijiao Dihuang Decoction (, MXDD) on rats with radiation enteritis, and explore its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into the control, model, dexamethasone (DXM), golden bifid (GB) and MXDD groups using random number table, 6 rats in each group. Except the control group, the other rats were developed into radiation enteritis model by exposing to a single @*RESULTS@#On day 1 to 3 after radiation, compared with the control group, the body weight in model group was decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the model group, MXDD could alleviate weight loss and diarrhea caused by irradiation. At the phylum level, MXDD cause a significant increase in Firmicutes, and a decrease in Proteobacteria (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At the genus level, MXDD reduced the proportion of Escherichia Shigella (P<0.01). In addition, IL-17 and FoxP3 mRNA and protein expression levels were down-regulated and ROR-γt was up-regulated by MXDD treatment (P<0.05). Besides, Firmicutes and Lactobacillus were positively correlated with FoxP3 (r=0.73, 0.79, respectively; P<0.01), negatively correlated with IL-17 (r=0.66, 0.64, respectively; P<0.01 or P<0.05) and ROR-γt (r0.73, 0.81, respectively; P<0.01). Proteobacteria and Escherichia Shigella both had positive correlation with IL-17 (r 0.77, 0.57, respectively; P<0.01 or P<0.05 ) and ROR-γt (r=0.94, 0.79, respectively; P<0.01) and negative correlation with FoxP3 (r0.74, 0.65; P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#MXDD could improve the survival status of irradiated rats by regulating the richness, diversity and composition of intestinal flora, and restoring the balance of Th17/Treg.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872863

ABSTRACT

The pathological anatomical results of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) patients showed that excessive inflammatory reaction in the lungs is one of the important causes for such complications as acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome. Therefore, regulation of immune response may be an effective measure for COVID-19. Alveolar macrophages have a high heterogeneity and plasticity. The dynamic changes of subsets balance and function of M1/M2 alveolar macrophages have a significant effect on pulmonary inflammatory response during the early and late stages of infection. This paper reviews the classification and function of macrophages and explores the mechanism of alveolar macrophage in the pathological process of COVID-19 at different stages and the pharmacodynamic mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine. Besides, it provides ideas for the treatment of COVID-19 with traditional Chinese medicine and other drugs' research and development based on the regulation of macrophage polarization.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872792

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the protective effect of astragalus polysaccharide (APS) on micronucleus and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) in human bone marrow mesenchyml stem cell (BMSCs) exposed to formaldehyde, in order to initially explore the potential mechanism. Method::BMSCs were cultured in vitro, cells were randomly divided into five groups: control group, formaldehyde group, and APS 40, 100, 400 mg·L-1 groups. BMSCs were infected with 120 μmol·L-1 formaldehyde, meanwhile, APS 40, 100, 400 mg·L-1 groups were co-cultured with 40, 100, 400 mg·L-1 APS. Cell morphology was observed by inverted phase contrast microscope, micronucleus were detected by micronucleus test, SCE was detected by SCE test, and mRNA and protein expressions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), xeroderma pigmentosum B, D, F, G (XPB, XPD, XPF, XPG) were detected by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)and Western blot. Result::Compared with control group, cell counts decreased, and cell morphology of BMSCs in formaldehyde group significantly changed, they were all recovered gradually in 40, 100, 400 mg·L-1 APS groups. Compared with control group, the micronucleus and SCE increased significantly (P<0.01), PCNA mRNA and protein expressions down-regulated significantly (P<0.05), while XPB, XPD, XPF, XPG mRNA and protein expressions up-regulated significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with formaldehyde group, BMSCs were treated with APS at 40, 100, 400 mg·L-1, micronucleus and SCE decreased significantly (P<0.01), and mRNA and protein expressions of PCNA, XPB, XPD, XPF and XPG up-regulated significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Among them, the 100 mg·L-1 APS group had the most obvious effect. Conclusion::APS can protect formaldehyde-induced BMSCs micronucleus and SCE, especially 100 mg·L-1 APS has the most obvious effect. The mechanism may be associated with the up-regulation of expressions of PCNA, XPB, XPD, XPF and XPG in the nucleotide exicision repair pathway (NER), which promoted the damage repair.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the respiratory pathogens and clinical features in children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma.@*METHODS@#Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 225 children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma, aged <14 years, who attended the outpatient service or were hospitalized from August 2017 to August 2019. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect 12 pathogens, i.e., respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human rhinovirus (HRV), influenza virus A (IFVA), influenza virus B (IFVB), parainfluenza virus types 1-3 (PIV1-3), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), adenovirus (ADV), Bordetella pertussis (BP), Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP), and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP).@*RESULTS@#The overall detection rate of virus was 46.2% (104/225), and 7 kinds of viruses were detected, i.e., HRV (19.6%, 44/225), ADV (16.0%, 36/225), IFVB (5.8%, 13/225), RSV (4.9%, 11/225), IFVA (3.6%, 8/225), PIV3 (1.8%, 4/225), and HMPV (0.4%, 1/225). Of all pathogens, BP had the highest detection rate of 28.4% (64/225), and the detection rates of MP and CP were 16.4% (37/225) and 0.4% (1/225), respectively. The mild exacerbation group had a higher detection rate of BP than the severe exacerbation group (P<0.05), while the severe exacerbation group had significantly higher detection rates of RSV and MP than the mild exacerbation group (P<0.05). There were significant differences in the proportion of children with paroxysmal cough, spasmodic cough, fever, lung rales and abnormal lung imaging findings among the simple BP infection, simple virus infection and simple MP infection groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BP, HRV, and MP are common respiratory pathogens detected in children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma, and respiratory virus infection is an important pathogen of acute exacerbation of asthma in children. Acute exacerbation of asthma caused by different pathogens has different clinical features and severities.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma/diagnosis , Child , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862687

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To observe the effect of Youguiwan on the levels of cartilage transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in rats with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). <b>Method::Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into six groups: sham control group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group and Youguiwan (high, middle and low-dose) groups. The modified Hulth method was used to prepare KOA models for 6 weeks. The shame control group and the model group were treated with normal saline, Youguiwan high, middle, low-dose groups received Youguiwan 4.8, 2.4, 1.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> by gavage respectively, and the glucosamine sulfate group was treated with glucosamine sulfate 0.17 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>. The rats were administrated for 8 weeks according to the dose. After intervention, each group was put to death by femoral artery blood collection, and the keen cartilages of the rats were collected. The pathological changes were observed by htoxylin eosin (HE) staining method, and Mankin score was evaluated. The expressions of STAT3, superoxide dismutase3(SOD3) and Wnt inhibitory factor 1(WIF1) in articular cartilage were detected by immunohistochemistry. The expressions of IL-6 mRNA in articular cartilage were detected by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expression of WIF1 in articular cartilage was detected by Western blot. <b>Result::Compared with the sham control group, the Makin score was obviously increased in the model group, the protein expression of STAT3 was increased significantly, the mRNA of IL-6 was raised significantly, but the protein expression of WIF1 was decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), articular cartilage was seriously damaged, and chondrocytes were arranged in disorder. Compared with the model group, the Makin score was declined obviously in the high-dose Youguiwan group, the protein expression of STAT3 was significantly reduced, the mRNA expression of IL-6 was significantly reduced in Youguiwan treatment group, while the protein expression of WIF1 was significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the cartilage structure returned to be normal, the chondrocytes distribution was uneven, and articular cartilage surface was not smooth. <b>Conclusion::Youguiwan could significantly improve the articular cartilage degeneration of KOA rats, and inhibit the inflammation of chondrocytes, which may be related to the suppression of STAT3 and IL-6 expression.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of oral propranolol in the treatment of respiratory hemangioma in infants and young children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed from the chart review data of children with respiratory hemangioma treated by oral propranolol and diagnosed by bronchoscopy and laryngeal plain enhanced CT/MRI from November 2012 to December 2019.@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 children were enrolled. All children had improvement in the symptoms of laryngeal stridor and dyspnea after oral administration of propranolol for 1-2 days. The median treatment time was 10 months (range 6-12 months). The median follow-up time was 10 months (range 3-15 months). Of the 20 children, 19 (95%) achieved regression of tumor, and 1 (5%) experienced an increase in tumor size during reexamination at 6 months after drug withdrawal and had no recurrence after the treatment with an increased dose of propranolol for 6 months. Only 1 child (5%) had adverse reactions, and 1 child (5%) was still under treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Oral propranolol can quickly relieve the symptoms such as dyspnea and achieve tumor regression, with few adverse events, and it is therefore an effective method for the treatment of respiratory hemangioma in infants and young children.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists , Child , Child, Preschool , Hemangioma , Humans , Infant , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Propranolol , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1540-1545, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827568

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#About 10% of patients get a surgical-site infection (SSI) after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, but SSI remains controversial among surgeons. The aim of this study was to explore the risk factors for SSIs after radical gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer to guide clinical therapies and reduce the incidence of SSI.@*METHODS@#The study was a retrospective cohort study in patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. SSI was defined in accordance with the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System. We evaluated patient-related and peri-operative variables that could be risk factors for SSIs. The Chi-squared test and logistic regression analysis were used to assess the association between these risk factors and SSI.@*RESULTS@#Among the 590 patients, 386 were men and 204 were women. The mean age was 56.6 (28-82) years and 14.2% (84/590) of these patients had an SSI. Among them, incisional SSI was observed in 23 patients (3.9%) and organ/space SSI in 61 patients (10.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified sex (odds ratios [ORs] = 2.548, and 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.268-5.122, P = 0.009), total gastrectomy (OR = 2.327, 95% CI: 1.352-4.004, P = 0.002), albumin level (day 3 after surgery) <30 g/L (OR = 1.868, 95% CI: 1.066-3.274, P = 0.029), and post-operative total parenteral nutrition (OR = 2.318, 95% CI: 1.026-5.237, P = 0.043) as independent risk factors for SSI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SSI was common among patients after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The method supporting post-operative nutrition and the duration of prophylactic antibiotics may be important modifiable influencing factors for SSI.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827448

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective mechanism of Chinese medicine Suxiao Jiuxin Pills (, SXJ) on myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury.@*METHODS@#Mouse myocardial I/R injury model was created by 30-min coronary artery occlusion followed by 24-h reperfusion, the mice were then divided into the sham group (n=7), the I/R group (n=13), the tirofiban group (TIR, positive drug treatment, n=9), and the SXJ group (n=11). Infarct size (IS), risk region (RR), and left ventricle (LV) were analyzed with double staining methods. In addition, H9C2 rat cardiomyocytes were cultured with NaSO to simulate I/R in vitro. The phosphorylation of extracellular regulated protein kinases1/2 (ERK1/2), protein kinase B (AKT), glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β), and protein expression of GATA4 in nucleus were detected with Western blot assay.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of IS/RR in SXJ and TIR groups were lower than that in I/R group (SXJ, 22.4% ±6.6%; TIR, 20.8%±3.3%; vs. I/R, 35.4%±3.7%, P<0.05, respectively). In vitro experiments showed that SXJ increased the NaSO-enhanced phosphorylation of AKT/GSK3β and nuclear expression of GATA4.@*CONCLUSION@#SXJ prevents myocardial I/R injury in mice by activating AKT/GSK3β and GATA4 signaling pathways.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873051

ABSTRACT

Objective:The targets and signaling pathways of Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription (XFHZP) for the treatment of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) were explored, and its possible action mechanisms were described through network pharmacology and basic analysis of modern pharmacology. Method:The compounds and targets in XFHZP were collected through TCMSP and BATMAN-TCM databases. The targets of COVID-19 were studied by GeneCards, NCBI and CTD databases. The PPI network was constructed through STRING database. The networks of "herb-meridian" and "traditional Chinese medicines-compounds-targets-disease" were generated by Cytoscape 3.7.0. Then, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) analysis and Gene Ontology(GO) analysis were made for shared targets through the Omicshare platform. In addition, the disease targets of multiple organ injury, immune injury and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) were retrieved and then mapped with XFHZP. The ratio of intersection targets to XFHZP's targets was calculated. Result:XFHZP has 10 traditional Chinese medicines in total, including 6 medicines with the meridian tropism to lung, 5 medicines with the meridian tropism to the spleen and 5 medicines with the meridian tropism to the stomach. There were 409 compounds and 2 271 targets. There were 8 same inflammatory factors in targets between XFHZP and COVID-19, and each inflammatory factor corresponded to multiple compounds. XFHZP and COVID-19 had 135 intersection targets, and 36 key targets were screened out. A total of 172 signaling pathways were screened out through KEGG signal pathway enrichment (P<0.05). There were 4 000 biological processes, 254 cell components, and 408 molecular functions (P<0.05) according to GO analysis. XFHZP had many common targets with various organ damage targets and immune damage targets, with the ratio of about 7.6%-97.8%. XFHZP had 173 intersection targets with SARS. Conclusion:XFHZP may treat COVID-19 through anti-inflammatory, organ protecting and immune effects. It will provide a certain theoretical basis for the development of drugs for COVID-19.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873050

ABSTRACT

Objective:Structure-based angiotension converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and interleukin-6R (IL-6R) were taken as the target proteins to in the investigation of the material basis of Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription in the treatment of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) by molecular docking. Method:The compounds in Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription were retrieved through TCMSP. Structure-based ACE2 and IL-6R were taken as the target proteins to screen out the compounds with a better activity by molecular docking, and analyze structural properties of these compounds. Furthermore, the potential molecular mechanism of Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription in the treatment of COVID-19 was analyzed by target reverse prediction. Result:There were 312 potentially active compounds in Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription, including 75 highly active compounds and 15 highly active compounds for ACE2. There were 100 eligible active compounds and 3 highly active compounds for IL-6R, most of which belong to flavonoids. The herb-component-target network included 10 herbs, 126 compounds and 130 targets. String analysis showed that PIK3R1, SRC, AKT1, AR and EGFR might be the key targets of Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription. Conclusion:Based on the virtual screening of multi-target molecular docking, the anti-virus and anti-inflammatory material basis of Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription was preliminarily obtained. At the same time, based on the reverse prediction and analysis, potential targets and molecular mechanism of the recipe in the treatment of COVID-19 were explored, so as to provide clues for the multi-angle mining of Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription and its relevant prescriptions and the modernization development of monomer components.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription in the treatment of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Method:A total of 40 patients with COVID-19 were selected and treated with Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription. The changes of body temperature, clinical symptoms, computed tomography (CT), blood routine and biochemical indexes were observed before and after treatment. Result:The 40 patients included 15 males and 25 females, with a male to female ratio of 1∶1.7. They were aged between 20-94 years old, with the average age of (43.9±16.3) years old. The course of disease was 8-23 days, with the average of (14±4.4) days. Compared with before administration, the patients' clinical symptoms, such as cough, fever, sputum, diarrhea, loss of appetite and fatigue, were all improved (P<0.05). Before treatment the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes of patients were mainly cold dampness lung (57.5%) and cold dampness Lung (42.5%), and the tongue coating was mainly white greasy coating (52.9%). After adjuvant treatment with Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription, the fever removal time was (2.48±2.56) days; white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte percentage (LYM%), neutrophil percentage (NEUT%), absolute value of lymphocytes (LYM #) indexes of C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), total bilirubin (TBIL), ratio of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase to glutamic pyruvic transaminase (AST/ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were basically restored to the normal range (P<0.05) compared with before administration. After adjuvant treatment with Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription, the results of three pharyngeal test virus nucleic acid tests were negative, and the lung CT showed that infected lesions were absorbed and all met the discharge criteria. All 40 patients met the discharge criteria and were all cured and discharged, with a cure rate of 100%. There has been no case of recurrence with a positive result of nucleic acid detection so far. The score of symptom and clinical index of patients after administration was (1.62±1.90), which was significantly lower than that before administration (7.65±4.08, P<0.05). Conclusion:In the adjuvant treatment of COVID-19, Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription can reduce body temperature, promote the absorption of pulmonary inflammation, and improve clinical symptoms, such as fever and cough.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873048

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an acute infectious disease caused by a 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. It is highly contagious, and can spread quickly home and abroad. It has caused a global pandemic. After the outbreak, Gansu province actively responded to the national "integrated Chinese and western medicine(ICWM)" epidemic prevention policy by organizing an expert group on the prevention and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and establishing a joint working mechanism of ICWM. In adherence to the principle of ICWM, it highlighted the advantages of TCM in epidemic prevention, and emphasized early, timely and whole course use of TCM. The expert group continued to summarize in practice and form a series of "Gansu prescriptions", so as to explore the prevention and control strategy of "prevention in advance, timely interruption and reversal, early prevention and cure, and cure in early stage". Before illness, the prevention shall be made in advance by taking Fuzheng Biwen prescription based on constitution differentiation, in order to strengthen the body resistance and removing pathogenic Qi, after the onset, the syndromes were first treated, interrupted and reversed, and Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription and Qingfei Tongluo prescription were administered based on syndrome differentiation, so as to exorcise pathogenic Qi and cure COVID-19 at the early stage, at the beginning stage of recovery, Jianpi Yifei prescription was used to strengthen the spleen and lungs, and harmonize the stomach and resolve dampness, so as to prevent recurrence. In the principle of ICWM, "Gansu prescriptions" were selected based on the constitution differentiation and syndrome differentiation, so as to prevent the occurrence of epidemics, block light and common symptoms from developing to heavy and critical symptoms, improve the clinical efficacy, shorten the course of disease, and reduce the incidence of critical illness, thereby reducing mortality.

18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 537-546, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777158

ABSTRACT

Intermittent hypoxia (IH) has preventive and therapeutic effects on hypertension, myocardial infarction, cerebral ischemia and depression, but its effect on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has not been known. In this study, we used inescapable electric foot shock combined with context recapture to build PTSD mouse model. The levels of fear and anxiety were valued by the open field, the elevated plus maze (EPM) and the fear conditioning tests; the level of spatial memory was valued by Y maze test; the number of Fos positive neurons in hippocampus, amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex was valued by immunohistochemical staining; and the protein expressions of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in these brain area were valued by Western blot. The results showed that IH and model (foot shock) had an interaction on percentage of entering open arms (OE%) in EPM and freezing time and the number of fecal pellets in fear conditioning test. IH increased OE% in EPM and reduced the freezing time and the number of fecal pellets in fear conditioning test in PTSD model mice. At the same time, IH reduced the number of Fos positive neurons in the hippocampus, amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex of PTSD model mice, and increased the protein expression levels of HIF-1α, VEGF and BDNF in these brain tissues. In conclusion, IH pretreatment can relieve fear and anxiety behavior in post-traumatic stress model mice, suggesting that IH may be an effective means of preventing PTSD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anxiety , Therapeutics , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Fear , Hypoxia , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Mice , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Therapeutics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801983

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of small molecule compounds of Hedysari Radix in ntagonizing tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 (TNFR1) based on molecular docking. Method: The structure of small molecular compound of Hedysari Radix was downloaded from the chemical composition compound library of traditional Chinese medicine, and then optimized to obtain the composition compound library of Hedysari Radix. The three-dimensional structure of the inflammatory target TNFR1 (PDB ID:1TNR) was identified. After hydrotreating and anhydrating, the binding pocket residues were identified according to the literature. According to the defined target structure and binding pocket, the flexible molecular docking was conducted between the composition compound library and the target, and the score (Glide Score) was obtained. Based on the results of molecular docking, the first nine small molecular compounds of Glide Score were selected as candidate components. On this basis, the drug-likeness was analyzed, which involved small molecular compounds that meet the number of hydrogen-bonded receptors, the number of hydrogen-bonded donors, the formula weight, the number of rotatable key and the numerical range of lipo-hydro partition coefficient. Finally, the binding mode was analyzed according to pharmacokinetic parameters and complex structure of composition-target docking. Result: The residue set in the TNFR1 drug-binding pocket were identified as glutamic acid109 (Glu109), lysine 35(Lys35), alanine62 (Ala62), serine 74 (Ser74), lysine75 (Lys75), cysteine76 (Cys76), argnine 77(Arg77), glutamine82 (Gln82), threonine89 (Thr89), asparticacid91 (Asp91), argnine92 (Arg92), aspartic acid93 (Asp93), threonine 94(Thr94), valine95 (Val95), cysteine 96(Cys96), argnine104 (Arg104), tyrosine106 (Tyr106), asparagine110 (Asn110), leucine111 (Leu111), phenylalanine112(Phe112), glutamic acid 131(Glu131) and lysine132 (Lys132). Totally 43 small molecular compounds of Hedysari Radix were obtained. Five small molecular compounds, namely hedysari radix, quercetin, isoliquiritin, naringenin, calycosin and liquiritigenin, were screened by comprehensive factors, like docking scoring. Conclusion: Quercetin, isoliquiritin, naringenin, calycosin and liquiritigenin are the effective anti-inflammatory substances of Hedysari Radix, with a great possibility of becoming TNFR1 antagonists.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of simulated hypobaric hypoxia environment at 7 000 m above sea level on cardiac structure and function in rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 male SD rats were randomly divided into high-altitude hypobaric hypoxia group (hypoxia group) and normobaric normoxia group (control group). Rats of hypoxia group were placed in a large cabin simulated 7 000 m high-altitude hypobaric hypoxia environment. Operating time 23 h / d, the control circadian ratio of approximately 12 h:12 h. The rats in control group were bred under normobaric normoxia. The hypoxic group was divided into 3 d, 7 d, 14 d, 28 d groups according to hypoxic time, 12 rats in each group. Changes of structure and function of heart due to hypoxia were evaluated by echocardiography and electrocardiogram. Myocardial pathological changes were analyzed by hematoxylin-eosin staining(HE).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group at the same time point ①With prolonged exposure to hypobaric hypoxia, the growth ratio of body mass in rats is slower. Arterial oxygen saturation was significantly lower in both 14 d and 28 d (P<0.05). ② Left ventricular end-diastolic anterior wall thickness (LVAWD) and left ventricular end-diastolic posterior wall thickness (LVPWD) of rats in 28 d were increased significantly (P<0.05). Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVIDD) and left ventricular internal dimension systole (LVIDS) of rats in 28 d were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), fractional shortening of left ventricle (FS), pulmonary vein (PV) peak velocity and PV peak gradient of rats in 7 d were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). ③The QRS and QT interval period were significantly prolonged in 14 d and 28 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). The ST was significantly lower in 3 d and 7 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). The amplitude of R wave gradually shifted downward in 7 d, 14 d, 28 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). ④The red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in hypoxic group were increased significantly (P<0.01). The platelet count (PLT) count was decreased significantly in 14 d and 28 d (P<0.01). The serum creatinine (CR) was increased significantly in 14 d and 28 d (P<0.05). ⑤Pathological changes such as myocardial edema, sarcolemma condensate, focal degeneration and necrosis with inflammatory cell infiltration could be found at early stage of hypoxia. Myocardial compensatory repair such as myocardial fibroblasts proliferation was significant at end stage of hypoxia.@*CONCLUSION@#Left ventricular systolic functions of rats were decreased significantly after exposure to high altitude hypoxia hypobaric. The left ventricular systolic functions would recovery compensatory after one week exposed to high altitude hypoxia hypobaric.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Animals , Heart , Hypoxia , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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