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1.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 607-619, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003147

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Breast cancer patients suffer from lowered quality of life (QoL) after surgery. Breast conservancy surgery (BCS) such as partial mastectomy is being practiced and studied as an alternative to solve this problem. This study confirmed breast tissue reconstruction in a pig model by fabricating a 3-dimensional (3D) printed Polycaprolactone spherical scaffold (PCL ball) to fit the tissue resected after partial mastectomy. @*METHODS@#A 3D printed Polycaprolactone spherical scaffold with a structure that can help adipose tissue regeneration was produced using computer-aided design (CAD). A physical property test was conducted for optimization. In order to enhance biocompatibility, collagen coating was applied and a comparative study was conducted for 3 months in a partial mastectomy pig model. @*RESULTS@#In order to identify adipose tissue and fibroglandular tissue, which mainly constitute breast tissue, the degree of adipose tissue and collagen regeneration was confirmed in a pig model after 3 months. As a result, it was confirmed that a lot of adipose tissue was regenerated in the PCL ball, whereas more collagen was regenerated in the collagen-coated Polycaprolactone spherical scaffold (PCL–COL ball). In addition, as a result of confirming the expression levels of TNF-a and IL-6, it was confirmed that PCL ball showed higher levels than PCL–COL ball. @*CONCLUSION@#Through this study, we were able to confirm the regeneration of adipose tissue through a 3-dimensional structure in a pig model. Studies were conducted on medium and large-sized animal models for the final purpose of clinical use and reconstruction of human breast tissue, and the possibility was confirmed.

2.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 566-570, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002201

ABSTRACT

Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare malignant tumor that typically manifests as a painless, slow-growing mass in the deep soft tissues of the proximal extremities or trunk. While commonly occurring in young adults, it rarely presents in older individuals. LGFMS is characterized by seemingly benign histological features and a paradoxically aggressive clinical course. LGFMS often exhibits alternating fibrous and myxoid areas arranged in a spiral pattern, featuring benign fibroblast spindle cells. Despite its low-grade appearance, LGFMS has the potential for late metastasis. Diagnosing LFGMS can be challenging owing to its indolent growth pattern and benign appearance on small biopsy specimens, which may lead to confusion with benign soft-tissue tumors.Differential diagnosis of myxofibrosarcoma and myxoid neurofibromas is required. Surgical excision with wide margins is recommended for LGFMS management. We report a typical case of LGFMS located on the right inner thigh of an 82-year-old male.

3.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 582-585, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002198

ABSTRACT

Vulvar lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis and is considered a precursor lesion of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); with about 3% to 5% of cases progressing to SCC, even up to 7%. LS can be found in adjacent areas in more than 60% of cases of vulvar SCC. As a chronic scarring inflammatory dermatosis, vulvar LS can act as both an initiator and promoter of carcinogenesis. All suspicious lesions should be biopsied. Although the association between LS and SCC has been reported in the literature, actual case reports are rare in South Korea.

4.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 183-189, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999498

ABSTRACT

Background@#Ultrasonic devices have potential advantages over electrocautery surgical scalpels for muscle dissection, as they eliminate the risk of muscle contraction caused by electric currents. In this study, we investigated the outcomes of using both device types in subpectoral dissection for breast reconstruction. @*Methods@#In this retrospective single-center study, we examined the electronic medical records of female patients with non-recurrent breast cancer who underwent breast reconstruction. The patients were treated with either Harmonic Focus+ Shears (HFS) or a Bovie electrocautery scalpel (BES) between January 2015 and April 2020. The primary clinical outcomes evaluated were total drainage volume, time to drainage tube removal, and operation time. To control for confounding, outcomes were stratified based on the type of tissue expander used—either Mentor or Natrelle. @*Results@#The study included 303 patients; 155 (51.2%) were treated with HFS (mean age, 45.28±7.38 years) and 148 (48.8%) with BES (mean age, 44.41±9.37 years). Within each expander type, the frequency of drainage exceeding 30 cc per day after 21 postoperative days showed no statistical difference between the HFS and BES devices. The operation time was shorter for HFS in both the Mentor (85.13±19.81 minutes vs. 109.56±21.66 minutes, P<0.001) and Natrelle (88.09±20.64 minutes vs. 99.88±22.66, P<0.001) groups. @*Conclusions@#When controlling for the type of tissue expander as a confounding factor, HFS was associated with reduced operation time. Furthermore, it demonstrated superior clinical effectiveness compared to BES regarding operator convenience.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1210-1216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996948

ABSTRACT

@#We reported three cases of stageⅢ/N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with neoadjuvant immunotherapy and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in our hospital, including 2 males and 1 female with a mean age of 65.7 years. The patients received two doses of the programmed cell death protein-1 inhibitor toripalimab after 1 week of SBRT. Thereafter, surgery was planned 4-6 weeks after the second dose. One patient achieved pathologic complete response, one achieved major pathologic response (MPR), and one did not achieve MPR with 20% residual tumor. There were few side effects of toripalimab combined with SBRT as a neoadjuvant treatment, and the treatment did not cause a delay of surgery.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 502-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of total anatomical reconstruction (TAR) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) .Methods:The clinical data of 99 patients with RARP performed by a single doctor in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 38 patients in the TAR+ vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) group and 61 patients in the VUA group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the age of patients [ 65.5 (60.8, 71.0) years vs. 66.0 (61.5, 69.0) years], body mass index[ (24.92±2.65) kg/m 2 vs. (25.51±2.80) kg/m 2], prostate volume [28.13 (25.21, 36.53) ml vs. 26.33 (19.75, 47.84) ml], PSA [15.67 (9.02, 31.49) ng/ml vs. 14.58 (9.23, 30.06) ng/ml], neoadjuvant therapy [50.0% (19/38) vs. 63.9% (39/61)], Gleason score (6/7/8/9-10 scores: 8/16/5/9 cases vs. 16/25/9/11 cases) and clinical T stage (T 1/T 2/T 3 stage: 4/29/5 cases vs. 3/53/5 cases)(all P>0.05). The TAR technique was performed as follows. ①The two layers of posterior reconstruction involved the residual Denonvilliers fascia, the striated sphincter and medial dorsal raphe (MDR), and the vesicoprostatic muscle (VPM), the fascia which was 1-2 cm from the cranial side of the bladder neck and MDR. ②The one layer of anterior reconstruction involved detrusor apron, tissues around the urethra and the visceral and parietal layers of the endoplevic fascia. The VUA technique was suturing the bladder neck and urethra consecutively. Perioperative indexes were compared between the two groups. Results:All 99 operations were successfully completed. There were no statistically significant differences between the TAR+ VUA and VUA groups in operation time [ (174.16±47.21) min vs. (188.70±45.39) min], blood loss [ 50 (50, 100) ml vs. 100 (50, 100) ml], incidence of postoperative complications [10.5% (4/38) vs. 14.8% (9/61)], phathological T stage [pT 2/pT 3~4 stage: 25/12 cases vs. 42/19 cases, P=0.895], and the time of indwelling catheter [ 21.0 (19.0, 21.0) d vs. 21.0 (21.0, 21.0) d] (all P>0.05). The difference in postoperative length of stay between the two groups was statistically significant[6.0 (5.0, 6.0) d vs. 7.0 (6.0, 7.5)d, P<0.001]. Follow-up was performed for 1 year after surgery. The recovery rate of urinary continence 3 months after surgery in TAR+ VUA and VUA groups were 86.8% (33/38) vs. 65.6% (40/61), which were statistically significant( P=0.019). There were no significant differences between TAR+ VUA and VUA groups in recovery rate of urinary continence 1 months after surgery [47.4% (18/38) vs. 45.9% (28/61)], 6 months after surgery [94.7% (36/38) vs. 85.2% (52/61)], and 12 months after surgery [94.7% (36/38) vs. 93.4% (57/61)] (all P>0.05). Conclusions:TAR technique has good surgical safety, and can promote recovery of early urinary continence after RARP.

7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 429-438, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982175

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Studies have shown that the incidence and severity of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with lung cancer are higher than those in healthy people. At present, the main anti-tumor treatments for lung cancer include surgery, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy and anti-angiogenesis therapy. While the effects of different anti-tumor treatments on the occurrence and severity of COVID-19 pneumonia are not uniform. Therefore, we aimed to describe clinical characteristics and antitumor therapy of patients with lung cancer and COVID-19 pneumonia, and examined risk factors for severity in this population.@*METHODS@#From December 1, 2022 to February 15, 2023, a retrospective study was conducted in 217 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and pathologically confirmed lung cancer in the Jinling Hospital. We collected data about patients' clinical features, antitumor treatment regimen within 6 months, and the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. Risk factors for occurrence and severity of COVID-19 pneumonia were identified by univariable and multivariable Logistic regression models.@*RESULTS@#(1) Among the 217 patients included, 51 (23.5%) developed COVID-19 pneumonia, of which 42 (82.4%) were classified as medium and 9 (17.6%) were classified as severe; (2) Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed overweight (OR=2.405, 95%CI: 1.095-5.286) and intrapulmonary focal radiotherapy (OR=2.977, 95%CI: 1.071-8.274) are risk factors for increasing occurrence of COVID-19 pneumonia, while other therapies are not; (3) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) history (OR=7.600, 95%CI: 1.430-40.387) was more likely to develop severe pneumonia and anti-tumor therapies such as intrapulmonary focal radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy did not increase severity.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intrapulmonary focal radiation therapy within 6 months increased the incidence of COVID-19 pneumonia, but did not increase the severity. However, there was no safety concern for chemotherapy, targeted therapy, surgery and immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Retrospective Studies , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Incidence , Pneumonia/etiology
8.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 113-125, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969181

ABSTRACT

It has been reported that stressful events in early life influence behavior in adulthood and are associated with different psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorder.Maternal separation (MS) is a representative animal model for reproducing childhood stress. It is used as an animal model for depression, and has well-known effects, such as increasing anxiety behavior and causing abnormalities in the hypothalamicpituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This study investigated the effect of MS on anxiety or aggression-like behavior and the number of GABAergic neurons in the hippocampus. Mice were separated from their dams for four hours per day for 19 d from postnatal day two. Elevated plus maze (EPM) test, resident-intruder (RI) test, and counted glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 (GAD67) or parvalbumin (PV) positive cells in the hippocampus were executed using immunohistochemistry. The maternal segregation group exhibited increased anxiety and aggression in the EPM test and the RI test. GAD67-positive neurons were increased in the hippocampal regions we observed:dentate gyrus (DG), CA3, CA1, subiculum, presubiculum, and parasubiculum. PVpositive neurons were increased in the DG, CA3, presubiculum, and parasubiculum.Consistent with behavioral changes, corticosterone was increased in the MS group, suggesting that the behavioral changes induced by MS were expressed through the effect on the HPA axis. Altogether, MS alters anxiety and aggression levels, possibly through alteration of cytoarchitecture and output of the ventral hippocampus that induces the dysfunction of the HPA axis.

9.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 11-18, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926392

ABSTRACT

Objective@#When rescuers move from ambulance to resuscitation area, they press the chest with one-hand by the stretchers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of one-hand chest compression on unfolded stretchers and analyze the characteristics of rescuers that affect compression. @*Methods@#A manikin simulation study was planned. A total of 28 participants performed one-hand chest compression for one minute to a manikin on the unfolded stretchers. The depth of compression, the extent of recoil and compression frequency were measured, and the results were analyzed. Correlation analysis was done between participant characteristics and depth and frequency of compression. Linear regression analysis was done for variables with significant correlation. @*Results@#Four participants were excluded due to wrist or shoulder pain. A total of 24 participants (13 male; 11 female) were enrolled. The mean depth of compression was 34.88±11.06 cm; the mean extent of recoil was 50.00±0 cm. The mean frequency of compression was 104.71±11.07 per minute. The extent of recoil and frequency of compression were satisfied with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines. The depth of compression was highly correlated with participants’ sex (r=-0.88), height (r=0.86), and weight (r=0.78). When adjusted for sex, the depth of compression increased as height and weight increased. @*Conclusion@#Mechanical chest compression device should be used when CPR is required while moving a cardiac arrest patient by the stretchers. If CPR needs to be done manually, moving distance should be minimized. Finally, a new type of stretcher that fits the body shape of Koreans should be developed.

10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e37-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915494

ABSTRACT

Background@#Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated facial lipoatrophy (FLA) is a stigmatizing side effect associated with the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the hyaluronic acid filler mixed with micronized cross-linked acellular dermal matrix (HA/MADM) in HIV-associated FLA. @*Methods@#We conducted an open-label safety and efficacy study in patients with HIVassociated FLA. Fourteen patients received single injection of the HA/MADM, and 13 patients completed the 24-week follow-up evaluation. Treatment efficacy, safety, and patient and physician satisfaction were evaluated. Repeated measure analysis of variance with post-hoc analysis with the Wilcoxon signed rank test was performed to compare and incorporate parameters at each time point. @*Results@#All 13 patients maintained a significant improvement of the Carruthers Lipoatrophy Severity Scale grade throughout the study period, along with improvement of the depressed volume due to lipoatrophy measured using a three-dimensional camera system. More than 80% of patients and physicians were satisfied with the treatment, and no treatment-related adverse events were reported, except for one case of transient subcutaneous nodule formation. @*Conclusion@#Our study findings suggest that injectable HA/MADM is a potentially effective and safe treatment option for treating HIV-positive patients with FLA.

11.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 34-38, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913617

ABSTRACT

The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap has been widely used for autologous breast reconstruction after mastectomy. In the conventional surgical method, a long incision is needed at the anterior fascia of the rectus abdominis muscle to obtain sufficient pedicle length; this may increase the risk of incisional hernia. To shorten the incision, several trials have investigated the use of endoscopic/robotic devices for pedicle harvest; however, making multiple additional incisions for port insertion and operating in the intraperitoneal field were inevitable. Here, we describe the first case, in which a DIEP free flap was successfully made using the da Vinci SP model. Our findings can help surgeons perform operations in smaller fields with a single port in the extraperitoneal space. Moreover, this method is expected to lead to fewer donor-related complications and faster healing.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 518-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the positive surgical margin and clinical factors such as neoadjuvant hormonal therapy after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) in high-risk patients with prostate cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 164 patients with high-risk prostate cancer being performed RARP by one surgeon were analyzed retrospectively in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2022. The mean patient’s age was (65.3±6.2) years old, mean body mass index (BMI) was (25.6±3.0) kg/m 2, the median value of total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) before operation was 18.6(11.3, 31.3)ng/ml, the median value of Gleason score before operation was 7 (7, 8), the median value of prostate volume was 29.3 (22.4, 40.2) ml, and the clinical stage was T 2aN 0M 0-T 4N 0M 0. 80 patients with prostate cancer were treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy. All of them were treated with complete androgen blockade with a median course of 3 months. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the correlation between age, BMI, prostate volume, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA, clinical stage, Gleason score before operation and positive surgical margin. Then multivariate logistic regression was used to further analyze the independent risk factor of positive surgical margin after RARP. Results:The postoperative pathological diagnosis included pT 2 stage in 111 cases (67.7%), pT 3a stage in 15 cases (9.1%), pT 3b stage in 25 cases (15.2%), pT 4 stage in 13 cases (7.9%). No lymph node metastasis was noticed in all patients. The Gleason scores included 6 in 11 cases (6.7%), 3+ 4 in 26 cases (15.9%), 4+ 3 in 36 cases (22.0%), 8 in 17 cases (10.4%), 9-10 in 24 cases (14.6%), un-evaluation due to endocrine therapy in 50 (30.5%). The positive surgical margin of high-risk patients with prostate cancer was 44.5% (73/164). Univariate analysis showed that the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, tPSA and clinical stage were correlated with positive surgical margin ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA>20ng/ml and clinical stage>T 2b were independent risk factors for positive surgical margin of high-risk patients with prostate cancer. Stratified analysis showed that when the preoperative tPSA was 10-20 ng/ml(21.1% vs.55.9%, P=0.014), the clinical stage was T 2c(29.6% vs.49.1%, P=0.040), the Gleason score before operation was 7(19.4% vs.54.1%, P=0.003), the positive surgical margin of high-risk patients in the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group was significantly lower than that in the non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA>20 ng/ml and clinical stage>T 2b were independent risk factors for positive surgical margin of RARP in the high-risk patients with prostate cancer. For high-risk patients with preoperative tPSA of 10-20 ng/ml, clinical stage of T 2c and Gleason score before operation of 7, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy has important clinical significance in reducing the positive surgical margin of RARP.

13.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 537-548, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904067

ABSTRACT

Background@#Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) are an attractive resource for wound healing because their regenerative capacity improves injury repair. Recently, stem cell-derived exosomes have been shown to play a positive role in stem cell-based therapies. However, the effects of exosomes derived from AMSCs (AEXOs) on wound healing are unclear. In this study, we aimed to examine the role of AEXOs in attenuating inflammation and explore their effects in normal wound healing. @*Methods@#We isolated exosomes from AMSCs and established a cellular model of inflammation by treatment with the inflammatory cytokines, interferon gamma and tumor necrosis factor alpha, to determine whether AEXOs can inhibit inflammation. We examined the wound healing effects of AEXOs in in vitro wound healing models and performed a miRNA array to understand the role of AEXOs in inflammation and wound healing. @*Results@#A significant difference was observed in wound closure and the expression of anti-inflammatory and wound-healing-related factors between control and AEXO-treated cells. @*Conclusion@#Our results showed that besides alleviating the inflammation response, AEXOs also promote wound healing. Thus, AEXOs represent a novel, stem-cell-based, therapeutic strategy for wound healing.

14.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 577-582, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913596

ABSTRACT

Robot-assisted surgery is evolving to incorporate a higher number of minimally invasive techniques. There is a growing interest in robotic breast reconstruction that uses autologous tissue. Since a traditional latissimus dorsi (LD) flap leads to a long donor scar, which can be an unpleasant burden to patients, there have been many attempts to decrease the scar length using minimally invasive approaches. This study presents the case of a patient who underwent a robot-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy followed by immediate breast reconstruction with an LD flap using a single-port robotic surgery system. With the assistance of a single-port robot, a simple docking process using a short and less visible incision is possible. Compared to multiport surgery systems, single-port robots can reduce the possibility of collision between robotic arms and provide a clear view of the medial border of the LD where the curvature of the back restricts the visual field. We recommend the use of single-port robots as a minimally invasive approach for harvesting LD flaps.

15.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 583-589, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913595

ABSTRACT

Background@#In prosthesis-based breast reconstruction patients, the drain tends to be kept in place longer than in patients who undergo only mastectomy. Postoperative arm exercise also increases the drainage volume. However, to preserve shoulder function, early exercise is recommended. In this study, we investigated the effect of early exercise on the total drainage volume and drain duration in these patients. @*Methods@#We designed a prospective randomized trial involving 56 patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction following mastectomy using tissue expanders. In each group, the patients were randomized either to perform early arm exercises using specific shoulder movement guidelines 2 days after surgery or to restrict arm movement above the shoulder height until drain removal. The drain duration and the total amount of drainage were the primary endpoints. @*Results@#There were no significant differences in age, height, weight, body mass index, or mastectomy specimen weight between the two groups. The total amount of drainage was 1,497 mL in the early exercise group and 1,336 mL in the exercise restriction group. The duration until complete removal of the drains was 19.71 days in the early exercise group and 17.11 days in the exercise restriction group. @*Conclusions@#Exercise restriction after breast reconstruction did not lead to a significant difference in the drainage volume or the average time until drain removal. Thus, early exercise is recommended for improved shoulder mobility postoperatively. More long-term studies are needed to determine the effect of early exercise on shoulder mobility in prosthesis-based breast reconstruction patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 615-622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913068

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and possible role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) at the maternal-fetal interface following Toxoplasma gondii infection during early pregnancy. Methods Twenty pregnant C57BL/6 mice, each weighing 16 to 20 g, were randomly divided into 4 groups, including the 12-d control group, 12-d infection group, 18-d control group and 18-d infection group. Mice in the 12-d and 18-d infection groups were injected intraperitoneally with 150 tachyzoites of the T. gondii PRU strain on day 6 of pregnancy, while mice in the 12-d control and 18-d control groups were injected with the same volume of phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Mice in the control and infection groups were sacrificed on days 12 and 18 of pregnancy, and the placental and uterine specimens of the pregnant mice in each group were sampled for pathological examinations. The mRNA expression of HIF-1α, HIF-1β and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was quantified using quantitative fluorescent real-time PCR (qPCR) assay in the placental and uterine specimens, and the correlation between HIF-1α and VEGF mRNA expression was examined. In addition, and the HIF-1α expression was detected using immunohistochemical staining in the placental and uterine specimens of pregnant mice. Results Compared with the 12-d and 18-d control groups, adverse pregnant outcomes were observed in mice in 12-d and 18-d infection groups, such as teratism and placental dysplasia. HE staining showed swelling and blood stasis of cells, sinusoid reduction and inflammatory cell infiltration in the labyrinth area of the placenta specimens of mice in 12-d and 18-d infection groups relative to 12-d and 18-d control groups, and columnar epithelial cell injury and inflammatory cell infiltration were seen in the mouse uterine specimens in both infection groups. qPCR assay detected significantly higher HIF-1α (F = 132.6, P < 0.05) and HIF-1β mRNA expression (F = 286.9, P < 0.05) in the placental specimens and lower HIF-1α (F = 111.5, P < 0.05) and HIF-1β mRNA expression (F = 55.2, P < 0.05) in the uterine specimens in the 12-d infection group than in the 12-day control group, and significantly lower HIF-1α and HIF-1β mRNA expression was detected in the placental and uterine specimens in the 18-d infection group than in the 18-day control group (F = 215.8, 418.9, 156.8 and 200.1; all P values < 0.05). Significantly lower VEGF-A (F = 426.2, P < 0.05), VEGF-B (F = 104.6, P < 0.05) and VEGF-C mRNA expression (F = 566.9, P < 0.05) in the placental specimens and higher VEGF-A (F = 426.2, P < 0.05), VEGF-B (F = 104.6, P < 0.05) and VEGF-C mRNA expression (F = 566.9, P < 0.05) in the uterine specimens were detected in the 12-d infection group than in the 12-d control group, and higher VEGF-A, VEGF-B and VEGF-C mRNA expression was found in the placental and uterine specimens in the 18-d infection group than in the 18-d control group (F = 521.9, 100.6, 275.9, 224.6, 108.2 and 333.4; all P values < 0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed strongly and mildly positive HIF-1α expression in the mouse placental labyrinth area in the 12-d and 18-d infection groups relative to 12-d and 18-d control groups, while no HIF-1α expression was detected in mouse uterine specimens. Conclusions HIF-1α expression appears a tendency towards a rise in the second trimester and a reduction in the third trimester in mice following T. gondii infection during early pregnancy, which is contrary to the changing tendency of VEGF-A, VEGF-B, and VEGF-C expression. It is hypothesized that HIF-1α inhibits placental angiogenesis in mice during pregnancy through suppressing VEGF expression, resulting in adverse pregnant outcomes.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 834-838, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911129

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the technical points and clinical effect of thulium fiber laser lobes-enucleation of the prostate (ThuLLEP).Methods:A total of 90 patients underwent ThuLLEP and plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate (PKEP) in our hospital from November 2018 to December 2020 were collected. The age of patients in the two groups was (67.7±6.8) years and (65.7±7.1) years, the prostate volume was 56.0 (46.0-83.5) ml and 61.0 (53.5-79.5) ml, the serum PSA was 3.6 (2.2-6.0) ng/ml and 4.4 (1.8-7.3) ng/ml, the international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was 27 (22-31) and 28 (23-30), the quality of life score (QOL) was 5 (5-6) and 5 (5-6), the maximum urinary flow rate (Q max) was (8.5±5.7) ml/s and (7.8±3.8) ml/s, the post-void residual volume (PVR) was 127 (47-250) ml and 100 (27-209) ml. The differences had no statistical significance ( P>0.05). The glands were bluntly dissected to establish the surgical capsule plane on both sides of the verumontanum after the verumontanum being located. And then the middle lobe was removed. The glands formed grooves at 12 o'clock after vaporization, which served as anatomical marker. The left and right lobes were removed step by step. Finally, tissue crushing was performed. The PKEP group was enucleated by three lobes enucleation. Perioperative indicators were compared between the two groups. Results:All the operations were completed successfully. The median operative time in ThuLLEP and PKEP groups was 60 (50-73) minutes and 75 (60-100) minutes, the postoperative bladder irrigation time was 2.8 (2.3-3.6) d and 3.8 (2.6-4.7) d, the catheter indwelling time was 4.1 (3.7-4.9) d and 4.9 (4.7-6.0) d, the postoperative hospital stay was 5 (4-6) d and 6 (5-7) d. The decreased hemoglobin was 8.0 (1.5-14.5) g/L and 15.0 (6.5-21.0) g/L. The differences had statistical significance ( P<0.05). Follow-up was performed for 6 months after surgery. The median IPSS score of the two groups was 5 (2-11) and 6 (3-9), the QOL score was 1 (1-2) and 1 (1-2) respectively, which had statistical significance compared with the preoperative parameters ( P<0.05), but no statistical significance between the two groups ( P>0.05). The ThuLLEP group had 1 case of postoperative blood transfusion, 1 case of transient urinary incontinence and 2 cases of urethral stricture. The PKEP group had 1 case of fever and blood transfusion, 3 cases of transient urinary incontinence and 3 cases of urethral stricture. Conclusions:ThuLLEP has definite clinical effect because of less bleeding, quicker recovery and fewer complications. The relatively simple operation steps are beneficial for beginners to master.

18.
The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine ; : 1-9, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875537

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Reliable landmarks of ankle syndesmosis change in various positions is important for managing ankle injury. The purpose of our study was to investigate and compare radiographic landmarks of normal ankle in various positions. @*Methods@#The study involved both ankle radiographs of 30 subjects (15 males, 15 females) without clinical or radiographic abnormality. Tibiofibular clear space (TFCS) and tibiofibular overlap (TFO) were measured on anteroposterior (AP) and mortise radiographs in non-standing (NS) and standing (S) neutral and dorsiflexion 10° (DF10) and 20° (DF20). The radiographic measurements were used to calculate means, standard deviations, and intra- and interobserver reliabilities, and compare TFCS and TFO in various positions and genders. @*Results@#On the AP view, the mean TFCS in NS, S, DF10, and DF20 positions were 4.00±0.97, 4.00±0.83, 4.35±0.95, and 4.45±0.89 mm and the mean TFO on the same positions were 6.58±2.27, 4.27±1.90, 3.44±1.96, and 2.38±1.91 mm. On the mortise view, the mean TFCS in NS, DF10, and DF20 positions were 3.62±0.88, 4.08±0.86, and 3.88±0.97 mm and the mean TFO on the same positions were 3.57±2.13, 2.31±1.77, and 3.57±2.14 mm. The reliabilities in all positions except TFCS on some positions were excellent. No measurement was significantly different between females and males except TFO in NS on mortise view (p=0.006) and DF10 on AP view (p=0.032). @*Conclusion@#Increase of TFCS and decrease of TFO on AP view reflects syndesmosis change from NS to DF20 on standing. Clinically, the effect of weight-bearing and reliability of TFO should be considered.

19.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 194-198, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874275

ABSTRACT

Robot-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction is currently performed in an attempt to seek smaller and indistinct incisions. Robotic surgery system has been evolving under the concept of minimal invasive technique which is a recent trend in surgery. One of the latest version is the da Vinci SP Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical). In this report, we will share our experiences. Two patients underwent robot-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy, each followed by immediate robot-assisted expander insertion and prepectoral direct-to-implant breast reconstruction, respectively. There was no open conversion or major postoperative complication. One patient experienced mild infection, which was resolved by intravenous antibiotic treatment. Simple docking process, multi-joint instruments, and third-arm functionality are among the new surgical system’s advantages. The present cases suggest that robot-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction using the da Vinci SP Surgical System is feasible and safe. The promising features and potential application of da Vinci SP in breast reconstruction need further study.

20.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 26-32, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874264

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although loss of sensation in patients with breast cancer after mastectomy followed by breast reconstruction is an important factor affecting patients’ quality of life, the mechanism of sensory recovery is still unclear. Our study aimed to identify variables that affect sensory recovery, especially pain, in reconstructed breasts. @*Methods@#All patients with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy followed by immediate breast reconstruction, including nipple reconstruction or areolar tattooing, were included in this study. Sensation was evaluated in the nipple as an endpoint of sensation recovery of the whole breast. Patients rated pain severity using a 3-point verbal rating scale (VRS): grade 0, no pain; grade 1, mild to moderate pain; and grade 2, severe pain. The VRS was assessed by a single experienced plastic surgeon. @*Results@#In the univariate analysis, the odds ratio (OR) for sensation recovery was 0.951 for age (P=0.014), 0.803 for body mass index (P=0.001), 0.996 for breast volume before surgery (P=0.001), 0.998 for specimen weight after mastectomy (P=0.040), and 1.066 for the period between mastectomy and sensory assessment (P=0.003). In the multivariate analysis, the variables that showed a significant effect were age (OR, 0.953; P=0.034), the period between mastectomy and sensory assessment (OR, 1.071; P=0.006), and reconstruction using abdominal tissue instead of prosthetic reconstruction (OR, 0.270; P=0.004). @*Conclusions@#Based on our results, it can be inferred that aging has a negative impact on the recovery of sensation, breast sensation improves with time after surgery, and the recovery of sensation is better in prosthetic reconstruction.

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