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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 136-139, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879685

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Pelvic fractures are characterized by high energy injuries and often accompanied with abdominal and pelvic organ injury. CT has been applied for several decades to evaluate blunt pelvic trauma patients. However, it has a certain rate of inaccurate diagnosis of abdominal hollow viscus injury (HVI), especially in the early stage after injury. The delayed diagnosis of HVI could result in a high morbidity and mortality. The bowel injury prediction score (BIPS) applied 3 clinical variables to determine whether an early surgical intervention for blunt HVI was necessary. We recently found another clinical variable (iliac ecchymosis, IE) which appeared at the early stage of injury, could be predicted for HVI. The main objective of this study was to explore the novel combination of IE and BIPS to enhance the early diagnosis rate of HVI, and thus reduce complications and mortalities.@*METHODS@#We conducted a retrospective analysis from January 2008 to December 2018 and recorded blunt pelvic trauma patients in our hospital. The inclusion criteria were patients who were verified with pelvic fractures using abdomen and pelvis CT scan in the emergency department before any surgical intervention. The exclusion criteria were abdominal CT insufficiency before operation, abdominal surgery before CT scan, and CT mesenteric injury grade being 5. The MBIPS was defined as BIPS plus IE, which was calculated according to 4 variables: white blood cell counts of 17.0 or greater, abdominal tenderness, CT scan grade for mesenteric injury of 4 or higher, and the location of IE. Each clinical variable counted 1 score, totally 4 scores. The location and severity of IE was also noted.@*RESULTS@#In total, 635 cases were hospitalized and 62 patients were enrolled in this study. Of these included patients, 77.4% (40 males and 8 females) were operated by exploratory laparotomy and 22.6% (8 males and 6 females) were treated conservatively. In the 48 patients underwent surgical intervention, 46 were confirmed with HVI (45 with IE and 1 without IE). In 46 patients confirmed without HVI, only 3 patients had IE and the rest had no IE. The sensitivity and specificity of IE in predicting HVI was calculated as 97.8% (45/46) and 81.3% (13/16), respectively. The median MBIPS score for surgery group was 2, while 0 for the conservative treatment group. The incidence of HVI in patients with MBIPS score ≥ 2 was significantly higher than that in patients with MBIPS score less than ≤ 2 (OR = 17.3, p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#IE can be recognized as an indirect sign of HVI because of the high sensitivity and specificity, which is a valuable sign for HVI in blunt pelvic trauma patients. MBIPS can be used to predict HVI in blunt pelvic trauma patients. When the MBIPS score is ≥ 2, HVI is strongly suggested.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879266

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the improvement of the sensitivity of examination equipment and the change of people's living environment and diet, the rate of thyroid cancer has risen rapidly, which has increased nearly five folds in 10 years. The pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, biological behavior, treatment and prognosis of thyroid carcinoma of different pathological types are obviously different. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) can develop at any age, which accounts for about 90% of thyroid cancer. It progresses slowly and has favourable prognosis, but lymph node metastasis appears easily. Whether PTC is accompanied by lymph node metastasis has an important impact on its prognosis and outcome. The Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B(BRAF)gene mutation plays a crucial role in PTC lymph node metastasis. Having an in-depth understanding of the specific role and mechanism of BRAF gene mutation in PTC is expected to provide new ideas for diagnosis and treatment of PTC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Papillary/genetics , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mice , Mutation , Oncogenes , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879081

ABSTRACT

At present, the issues regarding multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) remain: the lack of agreement on the content and scope of the ethical review among the ethics committee members of the center and the participating units results in repeated review, which leads to a time-consuming ethical review process. Moreover, the review capabilities of the ethics committees of various research centers are uneven, which is not necessarily beneficial to the protection of subjects' rights and safety. In view of the existing problems, to improve the efficiency of ethical review of multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM and avoid repeated reviews, the TCM Clinical Evaluation Professional Committee of Chinese Pharmaceutical Association organized experts to formulate the "Consensus on collaborative ethical review of multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM(version 1.0)"(hereinafter referred to as "Consensus"). The "Consensus" is formulated in accordance with the requirements of relevant documents such as but not limited to "the opinions on deepening the reform of the evaluation and approval system to encourage the innovation of pharmaceutical medical devices", "the regulations of ethical review of biomedical research involving human subjects". The "Consensus" covers the scope of application, formulation principles, conditions for the ethics committee of the center, sharing of ethical review resources, scope and procedure of collaborative review, rights and obligations, etc. The aims of the "Consensus" is to preliminarily explore and establish a scientific and operable ethical review procedure. Additionally, on the basis of fully protecting the rights and interests of the subjects, a collaborative ethical review agreement needs to be signed to clarify the ethical review responsibilities of all parties, to avoid repeated review, and to improve the efficiency and quality of ethical review in multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM.


Subject(s)
Biomedical Research , Clinical Trials as Topic , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ethical Review , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Pharmaceutical Preparations
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1494-1509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878651

ABSTRACT

In 1990s, Bailey and Stephanopoulos put forward the concept of classic metabolic engineering, aiming to use DNA recombination technology to rewire metabolic network to achieve improved cell performance and increased target products. In the last 30 years since the birth of metabolic engineering, life science have flourished, and new disciplines such as genomics, systems biology and synthetic biology have emerged, injecting new connotations and vitality into the development of metabolic engineering. Classic metabolic engineering research has entered into an unprecedented stage of systems metabolic engineering. The application of synthetic biology tools and strategies, such as omics technology, genomic-scale metabolic model, parts assembly, circuits design, dynamic control, genome editing and many others, have greatly improved the design, build, and rewiring capabilities of complex metabolism. The intervention of machine learning and the combination of evolutionary engineering and metabolic engineering will further promote the development of systems metabolic engineering. This paper analyzes the development of metabolic engineering in the past 30 years and summarizes the novel theories, techniques, strategies, and applications of metabolic engineering that have emerged over the past 30 years.


Subject(s)
Gene Editing , Metabolic Engineering , Metabolic Networks and Pathways/genetics , Synthetic Biology , Systems Biology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878402

ABSTRACT

Digital technologies use high-precision three-dimensional scanning, intelligence-aided design software, and multi-axis numerical control milling or 3D printing, which can produce restorations with reliable precision and suitable function. However, the development of digital technologies in the field of complete denture restoration has been slow due to the complexity of prosthesis. This review article introduces the current research status and clinical applications of digital complete dentures in prosthodontic clinics and dental laboratories to provide beneficial references to prosthodontists and dental technicians.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Denture, Complete , Printing, Three-Dimensional
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 415-424, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878071

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The current deep learning diagnosis of breast masses is mainly reflected by the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions. In China, breast masses are divided into four categories according to the treatment method: inflammatory masses, adenosis, benign tumors, and malignant tumors. These categorizations are important for guiding clinical treatment. In this study, we aimed to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) for classification of these four breast mass types using ultrasound (US) images.@*METHODS@#Taking breast biopsy or pathological examinations as the reference standard, CNNs were used to establish models for the four-way classification of 3623 breast cancer patients from 13 centers. The patients were randomly divided into training and test groups (n = 1810 vs. n = 1813). Separate models were created for two-dimensional (2D) images only, 2D and color Doppler flow imaging (2D-CDFI), and 2D-CDFI and pulsed wave Doppler (2D-CDFI-PW) images. The performance of these three models was compared using sensitivity, specificity, area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV), positive (LR+) and negative likelihood ratios (LR-), and the performance of the 2D model was further compared between masses of different sizes with above statistical indicators, between images from different hospitals with AUC, and with the performance of 37 radiologists.@*RESULTS@#The accuracies of the 2D, 2D-CDFI, and 2D-CDFI-PW models on the test set were 87.9%, 89.2%, and 88.7%, respectively. The AUCs for classification of benign tumors, malignant tumors, inflammatory masses, and adenosis were 0.90, 0.91, 0.90, and 0.89, respectively (95% confidence intervals [CIs], 0.87-0.91, 0.89-0.92, 0.87-0.91, and 0.86-0.90). The 2D-CDFI model showed better accuracy (89.2%) on the test set than the 2D (87.9%) and 2D-CDFI-PW (88.7%) models. The 2D model showed accuracy of 81.7% on breast masses ≤1 cm and 82.3% on breast masses >1 cm; there was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.001). The accuracy of the CNN classifications for the test set (89.2%) was significantly higher than that of all the radiologists (30%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CNN may have high accuracy for classification of US images of breast masses and perform significantly better than human radiologists.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chictr.org, ChiCTR1900021375; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=33139.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , China , Deep Learning , Humans , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874324

ABSTRACT

Histone acetylation is a well-characterized epigenetic modification controlled by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs). Imbalanced histone acetylation has been observed in many primary cancers. Therefore, efforts have been made to find drugs or small molecules such as HDAC inhibitors that can revert acetylation levels to normal in cancer cells. We observed dose-dependent reduction in the endogenous and exogenous protein expression levels of KAT8 (also known as human MOF), a member of the MYST family of HATs, and its corresponding histone acetylation at H4K5, H4K8, and H4K16 in chemotherapy drug gemcitabine (GEM)-exposed T24 bladder cancer (BLCA) cells. Interestingly, the reduction in MOF and histone H4 acetylation was inversely proportional to GEM-induced γH2AX, an indicator of chemotherapy drug effectiveness. Furthermore, pGL4-MOF-Luc reporter activities were significantly inhibited by GEM, thereby suggesting that GEM utilizes an MOF-mediated anti-BLCA mechanism of action. In the CCK-8, wound healing assays and Transwell ® experiments, the additive effects on cell proliferation and migration were observed in the presence of exogenous MOF and GEM. In addition, the promoted cell sensitivity to GEM by exogenous MOF in BLCA cells was confirmed using an Annexin V-FITC/PI assay. Taken together, our results provide the theoretical basis for elucidating the anti-BLCA mechanism of GEM.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and evaluate the effect of OX40L as a potential adjuvant for H7N9 whole-virion inactivated vaccine (WIV).Methods:Fifty BALB/c mice were randomly divided into five groups and immunized intramuscularly with PBS (control group) and 1.5 μg WIV alone or in combination with 0.6, 1.8 or 3.0 μg Fc-fused OX40L (OX40L/Fc) adjuvant. Three weeks after immunization, IgG, IgG1 and IgG2 titers were measured by ELISA and hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay. Moreover, the mice were challenged with 50×median lethal dose (LD 50) of homologous virus and the changes in mouse body weight and survival rate were recorded to evaluate the effects of OX40L. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the mechanism of OX40L as an adjuvant 7 d after immunization. Results:Compared with immunization with WIV alone, co-immunization of WIV with OX40L/Fc induced higher antigen-specific IgG in mice. The geometric mean titers (lgGMT) of antibodies induced by 0.6, 1.8 and 3.0 μg OX40L/Fc reached 3.79, 4.40 and 4.20, respectively. WIV combined with OX40L/Fc induced high levels of IgG1 and IgG2a without influencing Th1/Th2 balance. HI antibodies were also higher in WIV+ 1.8 μg OX40L/Fc and WIV+ 3.0 μg OX40L/Fc groups than in WIV group (6.25±0.50 and 5.70±0.97 vs 3.00±0.97, both P<0.05). WIV combined with 1.8 or 3.0 μg OX40L/Fc could protect 80% or 75% of mice against lethal challenge with H7N9 and result in less weight loss as compared with WIV alone. The most effective dose of OX40L/Fc was 1.8 μg. Flow cytometry showed that WIV (0.6, 1.8, 3.0 μg) in combination with OX40L/Fc enhanced the proliferation of T follicular helper cells (Tfh) through promoting the expression of CXCR5 and PD-1 as compared with WIV alone (all P<0.05). Conclusions:This study suggested that OX40L was beneficial to potent antibody responses induced by H7N9 WIV through promoting Tfh cell proliferation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 580-582, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of multimodal endovascular therapy for acute ischemic stroke in elderly patients.Methods:A total of 263 elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled as research subjects from January 2017 to December 2018.Patients were divided into two groups: the intravenous thrombolytic therapy group and the endovascular therapy group.Treatment outcomes were compared by using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS)and the modified Rankin Scale(mRS).Results:Of 263 patients, 125 were in the intravenous thrombolytic therapy group and 138 were in the intravascular therapy group.The rate of good/excellent outcomes was higher in the endovascular treatment group than in the intravenous thrombolytic therapy group(97.8% vs.91.2%, χ2=5.713, P<0.05). The NIHSS score and mRS score were lower in the endovascular treatment group than the in intravenous thrombolytic therapy group[(2.3±0.3) vs.(6.0±1.8), (1.1±0.1) vs.(2.3±0.3), t=9.067 and 16.970, P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups(8.6% vs.8.0%, χ2=0.041, P>0.05). Conclusions:Multimodal mechanical thrombus retrieval is a safe and effective treatment for intracranial large vessel occlusion in acute ischemic stroke patients and should be recommended and promoted.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 211-214, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883695

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between dental fluorosis and serum chemical elements in children after water modification.Methods:Using the method of stratified sampling, according to the monitoring data of the Xi'an Center for Disease Control and Prevention in the past 20 years, the drinking-water-borne fluorosis areas in Xi'an City were changed according to the water-improvement period of 1-, 5-, 10- and ≥15 years, and 2 villages in each layer were selected as the survey sites. Each survey site selected school-age children aged 7 to 13 years old as the survey subjects to detect the prevalence of dental fluorosis; and blood samples were collected to detect 14 chemical elements contents in the serum [calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), iodine (I), selenium (Se), lead (Pb), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), fluorine (F), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni)]. The differences of chemical element contents in children with different water improvement years and different dental fluorosis conditions were analyzed.Results:The prevalence of dental fluorosis of children were 51.40% (55/107), 16.92% (11/65), 16.67% (17/102) and 5.08% (6/118) in the villages with different water improvement period, the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 74.444, P < 0.05). Serum levels of Ca, Fe, Mg, Cu, Zn, I, Se, Pb, As, Cr, F and Ni in children of different water improvement period were compared, the difference were statistically significant ( P < 0.05). Levels of Fe, Zn and Ni in dental fluorosis patients were lower than those in normal children ( P < 0.05), and the serum fluoride level was higher than that of normal children ( P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the contents of other chemical elements levels between children with dental fluorosis and normal children ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The detection rate of dental fluorosis in children in ward villages whose water has been improved for more than 15 years is the lowest, and the detection rate of children with dental fluorosis can be reduced by improving water to reduce fluoride. Children in the drinking-water-borne fluorosis areas are deficient in some trace element.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of different water-improving methods on dental fluorosis of children aged 8 to 12 in drinking-water-borne fluorosis areas in Xi'an City, and provide basis for making fine prevention and control measures.Methods:In 2018, 50 drinking-water-borne fluorosis villages in Xi'an City with water improvement time from 2011 to 2013 were selected as survey sites. The condition and the way of water improvement were surveyed, water fluoride content was determined and the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children aged 8 to 12 was examined, and the rates of dental fluorosis were compared before and after the water improvement in the 50 villages.Results:The water-improving projects were in normal operation in 50 villages. The medians of water fluoride content were 0.31, 0.88 and 1.14 mg/L in villages with municipal water supply, low fluorine well and defluoridation treatment water supply (the villages of different water-improvement methods were 12, 24 and 14, respectively), the differences were statistically significant ( H = 75.54, P < 0.01). The qualification rates of water fluoride in villages with different water-improvement methods were 100.00% (12/12), 79.17% (19/24) and 57.14% (8/14), and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 6.95, P < 0.05). The detection rate of dental fluorosis was 43.17% (218/505) in the 11 villages with excessive water fluoride content, and the detection rate was 20.77% (331/1 594) in the 39 villages with qualified water fluoride content, the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 99.66, P < 0.01). After water improvement, the total detection rate of dental fluorosis (26.16%, 549/2 099) in the 50 villages was lower than that before water improvement (41.66%, 959/2 302), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 117.17, P < 0.01). The detection rates of dental fluorosis were reduced after the water improvement in villages with municipal water supply and low fluorine well, the differences were statistically significant (χ 2 = 74.37, 69.36, P < 0.01). The detection rate was declined after water improvement in villages with defluoridation treatment water supply, but the difference was not significant (χ 2 = 0.78, P > 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the detection rate of dental fluorosis among children in villages with different water-improvement methods (χ 2 = 72.79, P < 0.01). The detection rate of dental fluorosis in villages with defluoridation treatment water supply [39.53% (200/506)] was higher than that in villages with municipal water supply [17.97% (133/740)] and low fluorine well [25.32% (216/853)], the differences were statistically significant ( P < 0.017); the detection rate of dental fluorosis in villages with municipal water supply was lower than that in villages with low fluorine well ( P < 0.017). Conclusions:The dental fluorosis of children's has been effectively controlled in the villages after water improvement in Xi'an City. The fluoride content in the water and the detection rate of dental fluorosis in children in some endemic areas are still high. It is necessary to further improve the water quality or consolidate the improvement effect as soon as possible.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of 3.5% lidocaine hydrochloride ophthalmic gel for eye surface anesthesia.Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was conducted in 10 hospitals in China from August 2018 to April 2019 under the approval of an Ethics Committee of Beijing Hospital (No.2018BJYYEC-014-02). A total of 220 fellow eyes of 220 subjects who received ocular surgery in one eye were actually enrolled according to a same included criteria in different institutes.The 220 eyes were randomly divided into control group and trail group.Two drops of lidocaine hydrochloride gel were dropped at about 5 mm away from corneal limbus at 6 o'clock direction of experimental eye of the trail group, and the blank gel was used in the eyes of the control group in the same way.The pain sensation was assessed with a 0.3 mm toothless micro forceps on conjunctiva within a specified time, and ''pain'' or ''no pain'' was answered by the subjects.The primary effective indexes, namely the number of eyes and percentage of ''no pain'' within 5 minutes following dropping, as well as the secondary indexes including the onset time point of the drug and the duration of anesthesia were recorded and evaluated.Safety evaluation took ocular and system adverse events into account.Results:Within 5 minutes after dropping, ''no pain'' occurred in 104 eyes (94.55%) and 29 eyes (26.36%) in the trail group and control group, respectively, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=106.948, P<0.001). And there was a significant difference in anesthesia onset time between the trail group and control group (40.0 seconds vs. 300.0 seconds) ( Z=-15.17, P<0.001). The duration of anesthesia was 860.5 (577.5, 1 180.0) seconds in the trail group and 676.0 (280.0, 1 401.0) seconds in the control group, with no statistically significant difference between the two groups ( Z=0.898, P>0.05). The incidence of adverse events in the trail group and control group were 5.45% (6/110) and 4.55% (5/110), respectively, without statistical significance between them ( P=1.000). Conclusions:The 3.5% lidocaine hydrochloride is a safe, effective, easy to use and high-quality surface anesthesia drug for eye surgery.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different lipid-lowering regimens on blood lipids, endothelial function and safety in patients with unstable angina.Methods:Patients who admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital for unstable angina from September 2018 to May 2019 were randomly (random number) divided into the conventional treatment group, intensive statin group and intensive lipid-lowering group. Follow-up was performed at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment according to the predetermined lipid-lowering regimen. Assessments included lipid profile, liver function, muscle enzymes, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), endothelial function (reactive hyperemia index, RHI), ischemic events, myalgia, and discontinuation. The differences of the follow-up indicators among the three groups were analyzed.Results:A total of 375 patients were enrolled and randomly divided into three groups, 125 patients in each group. There were no significant differences in demographic data and medication among the three groups. At the 1st month, the low density lipoprotein cholesterin (LDL-C) compliance rate of the intensive statin group was significantly higher than those in the conventional treatment group ( χ2=3.939, P=0.047) and the intensive lipid-lowering group ( χ2=4.63, P=0.031). At the 3rd month, the reductions of LDL-C in the intensive statin group and the intensive lipid-lowering group were significantly better than that in the conventional treatment group( P<0.01). At the 6th month, the reduction rate of LDL-C in the intensive lipid-lowering group was higher than that in the intensive statin group ( q=4.332, P<0.01). At the 1st month, the improvement of hs-CRP and RHI in the intensive statin group was significantly better than that in the conventional treatment group( q=4.133, P<0.05). From the 3rd month of treatment, the incidence of cardiovascular events in the intensive statin group and the intensive lipid-lowering group showed a tendency to decrease compared with the conventional treatment group, but no statistically significant difference was found. At the 6th months of treatment, the withdrawal rates were significantly higher in the intensive statin group and the intensive lipid-lowering group than that in the conventional treatment group (χ 2=4.488, P=0.03 and χ2=5.039, P=0.02). There were no significant differences in the ratio of liver enzyme and muscle enzyme elevation and the incidence of myalgia among the three groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Intensive statin therapy can make LDL-C reach the standard in patients with unstable angina pectoris as soon as possible, significantly improve inflammation indicators and endothelial function, and has good safety.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 327-334, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882493

ABSTRACT

Bariatric and metabolic surgery is an effective treatment for obesity and metabolic syndrome with definite results. In recent years, bariatric and metabolic surgery has developed rapidly, and the surgical indications and procedures have gradually matured. At the same time, the complications have also been widely discussed, including those specific to bariatric metabolic surgery and the risks common to gastrointestinal surgery, of which gastrointestinal leak is one of the most important and serious complications, which can be life-threatening in severe cases. This paper will review the mechanisms, clinical manifestations, diagnostic strategies, prevention, and treatment advances related to gastrointestinal leak after bariatric metabolic surgery based on the two major procedures that cause gastrointestinal leak, namely, staple line leak after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and gastrojejunostomy leak after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 204-211, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880259

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy is one of the main strategies of anti-tumor therapy at present, in which immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are the most widely used drug. ICIs resistance is mediated by a variety of cytokines and immune cells, and the mechanism is complex, which is the main reason for the failure of immunotherapy in cancer patients. Histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), as a class of epigenetic regulatory drugs, plays an important role in regulating cell cycle, proliferation, differentiation, and activity. In recent years, Studies have found that HDACi can not only regulate cell biological characteristics, but also closely related to the improvement of tumor ICIs drug resistance. Therefore, the study on how HDACi enhances the efficacy of ICIs is of great significance to tumor immunotherapy. This article will review the research progress of HDACi combined with ICIs in treating malignant tumors and their related mechanism.
.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880056

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect serum hepcidin and erythroferrone levels in child-bearing women with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), and to investigate the association between them and iron status parameters.@*METHODS@#The study consisted of 65 child-bearing women (35 with iron deficiency anemia and 30 age-matched healthy women). The levels of serum iron were detected by using automated chemistry analyzer, the contents of serum ferritin were detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, and the levels of serum erythroferrone and hepcidin were detected by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The quantitative variables between two groups were compared and analyzed by SPSS22.0 software. Spearman correlation was used to detect correlation between the parameters.@*RESULTS@#The levels of Hb, serum iron, ferritin and transferrin saturation were significantly decreased in IDA patients as compared with in control group (P0.05). In IDA patients, serum hepcidin concentrations were positively correlated with hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (r=0.448, r=0.496, r=0.754, r=0.491). But, serum erythroferrone concentrations showed no correlation with hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation and hepcidin (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Serum hepcidin levels were significantly decreased in child-bearing women with IDA, but the serum erythroferrone levels were not obviously different between two groups, suggesting that serum erythroferrone may be not involved in the regulation of iron metabolism in child-bearing women with mild and moderate IDA.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Child , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Ferritins , Hepcidins , Humans , Iron/metabolism
17.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 284-287, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of BD (bortezomib, dexamethasone) regimen and PCD (bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, dexamethasone) regimen in treatment of multiple myeloma (MM).Methods:The clinical data of 31 patients with MM treated in Huangshan People's Hospital of Anhui Province from January 2015 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into BD group (11 cases) and PCD group (20 cases) according to different treatment schemes. The treatment efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups were compared.Results:MM patients were treated with BD and PCD regimens for 2-6 courses, with a total response rate of 83.9% (26/31) and a median onset time of 2.5 months (1.3-6.2 months). Among them, there were 2 cases of complete remission (CR), 4 cases of very good partial remission (VGPR), 2 cases of partial remission (PR), 2 cases of stable disease (SD), and 1 case of progression of disease (PD) in the BD group; in the PCD group, there were 6 cases of CR, 8 cases of VGPR, 4 cases of PR, 1 case of SD, and 1 case of PD; there was no statistically significant difference in clinical efficacy between the two groups ( χ2 = 0.186, P = 0.758). There were 1 case of leukopenia, 1 case of anemia, 1 case of thrombocytopenia, 1 case of liver damage, 3 cases of neurological adverse reactions, 2 cases of pulmonary infection, 2 cases of diarrhea in the BD group; there were 3 cases of leukopenia, 1 case of anemia, 3 cases of thrombocytopenia, 1 case of liver damage, 5 cases of neurological adverse reactions, 4 cases of pulmonary infection and 3 cases of diarrhea in the PCD group; there was no significant difference in adverse reactions between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The bortezomib-based combined chemotherapy regimens can achieve CR and VGPR for MM patients in a short time, and effectively delay the disease progression. The efficacy of the three-drug combination regimen may be better than the two-drug combination regimen.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2942-2950, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862291

ABSTRACT

We used the network pharmacology to explore the active ingredients and mechanism of action of Danqi tablets in the treatment of coronary heart disease, providing a theoretical basis for the treatment of clinical coronary heart disease. The TCMSP database was used to screen for active ingredients and targets in Danqi tablets; the predicted targets of coronary heart disease were screened through the GeneCards database; then, the intersection of the two targets was mapped; we used STRING database to construct a protein interaction network map and identified 65 cores targets; then, the DAVID database was used for enrichment analysis of gene ontology (GO) biological processes and KEGG signaling pathways, and finally the Cytoscape-3.6.2 software was used to construct a network diagram of traditional Chinese medicine-active ingredient-key targets-pathway. The H2O2-induced H9C2 cells injury model was used for experimental verification. The results suggest that Danqi tablets act on inflammatory factors and apoptosis-related pathways through quercetin, luteolin, tanshinone IIA, and other active ingredients, and improve proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory imbalances in the body and protect cardiomyocytes. This study confirms the multi-component and multi-target effects of Danqi tablets in the treatment of coronary heart disease, and provides an objective basis for their use in further experimental research and the clinical diagnosis and treatment of coronary heart disease.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847587

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The posterolateral approach is the most commonly used surgical approach for total hip arthroplasty. In recent years, total hip replacement by direct anterior approach has been applied in clinic gradually, and has achieved good treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of the direct anterior approach in supine position and the posterolateral approach in supine position for total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty at Baoding Municipal First Center Hospital from April 2015 to April 2019 were included, including 35 males and 55 females, aged 35-70 years. The patients were divided into direct anterior approach group (n=45) and posterolateral approach group (n=45) by the random number table method. Postoperative follow-up was used to evaluate the Harris hip scores, Visual Analogue Scale scores, initial fixation mass of prosthesis and safe range of the cup. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Baoding Municipal First Center Hospital. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Ninety patients were followed up for 3-51 months, with an average 14 months. There were 2 cases of intraoperative great trochanteric fracture, 1 case of femoral lateral cutaneous nerve injury, 4 cases of femoral nerve injury, and 20 cases of tensor fascia lata injury. No such complications occurred in the posterolateral approach group. (2) The direct anterior approach group showed significant superior outcomes compared with the posterolateral approach group in the Harris hip scores and Visual Analogue Scale scores at 1 month after surgery (P 0.05). (3) In the direct anterior approach group, the femoral prosthesis of 44 hips was in neutral position, and 1 hip was in varus position. The initial fixation quality of all prosthesis was excellent. In the posterolateral approach group, the femoral prosthesis of 43 hips was in neutral position, 2 hips were in varus position and all prosthesis initial fixation quality was excellent. No significant difference was found between two groups (P > 0.05). (4) The ratio of acetabular cups in the safety range of Lewinnek in the direct anterior approach group was higher than that in the posterolateral approach group (100%, 82%, P < 0.05). (5) These results imply that compared with the posterolateral approach, direct anterior approach in supine position for total hip arthroplasty can significantly reduce postoperative pain, promote postoperative early rapid recovery, obtain more accurate angle of the acetabular prosthesis, and be more conducive to the equalization of both lower limbs. It is a safe and reliable approach. However, direct anterior approach has certain technical difficulty and needs a learning curve. And there are some complications different from other approaches.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826632

ABSTRACT

The research progress of acupuncture analgesia in recent years is analyzed to summarize the analgesic mechanism of acupuncture on neuropathic pain. The analgesic mechanism of acupuncture on neuropathic pain is discussed from peripheral level and central level, including peripheral sensitization and immune inflammatory response, changes of ion channel, central sensitization, regulation of cell signal pathway, activation of spinal glial cells, etc. It is suggested that the focus of future research should include conducting in-vitro studies with the help of multi-omics technology to detect the changes of metabolic substances and signal pathway molecules in patients with neuropathic pain before and after acupuncture to further clarify the mechanism of acupuncture analgesia.

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