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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 615-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993384

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the influence of NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 6 (NLRP6) on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), and elucidate the related mechanism.Methods:Thirty C57BL/6 mice with body weight of (18.80±1.99) g, were divided randomly into 5 groups, with 6 mice in each group: the mice that experienced only exploratory laparotomy were Sham group; that only underwent an operation to establish a hepatic IRI model were IRI group; that were treated with tail intravenous injection of clodronate (Clo) liposomes before the establishment of hepatic IRI model were Clo group; that received tail intravenous injection of clodronate liposomes and transfusion of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDM) before the operation were Clo+ BMDM group; that received preoperative tail intravenous injection of clodronate liposomes and transfusion of BMDM with NLRP6 knockdown were Clo+ NLRP6-knockdown group. Real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis (RT-PCR) and Western blot were performed to analyze the expressions of pyroptosis related proteins and factors. Simulate a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model in vitro, and set up experimental groups: lipopolysaccharide (LPS) + adenosine triphosphate (ATP), LPS+ ATP+ NLRP6-knockdown, H/R, and H/R+ NLRP6-knockdown. The changes of expressions of pyroptosis related proteins and factors were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Expression of NF-κB in vivo and in vitro was measured.Results:Compared with those in Sham group, protein expressions of NLRP6, NLRP3, Caspase-1, gasdermin D (GSDMD), IL-1β and IL-18 were remarkably increased in IRI group, but the levels of these proteins were dramatically decreased in Clo group with the exhaustion of macrophages in comparison with in IRI group, which were significantly different statistically (all P<0.05). The levels of these proteins were enhanced again in Clo+ BMDM group with the reconstruction of macrophages in contrast to those in Clo group, while the enhancements were more obvious in Clo+ NLRP6-knockdown group comparing to those in Clo+ BMDM group, with significant differences (all P<0.05). In vitro, pyroptosis rate for LPS+ ATP group was (16.39±1.06)%, which was lower than (27.34±2.79)% for LPS+ ATP+ NLRP6-knockdown group, with a statistical significance ( P<0.05). Meanwhile, pyroptosis rate for H/R group was (20.59±5.66)%, also much more reduced than (37.76±2.00)% for H/R+ NLRP6-knockdown group ( P<0.05). Expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD, IL-1β, IL-18 and NF-κB p65 in LPS+ ATP+ NLRP6-knockdown group were more elevated than in LPS+ ATP group, and these indices were also more enhanced in H/R+ NLRP6-knockdown group than which in H/R group. Compared to the Sham group, expression of NF-κB p65 significantly increased in IRI group, which was reversed in Clo group, but enhanced again in Clo+ BMDM group and reached a peak in Clo+ NLRP6-knockdown group. Conclusions:Macrophage plays a critical role in immune response to hepatic IRI, wherein NLRP6 functions specifically. NLRP6 acts to suppress inflammation during hepatic IRI through regulating macrophage pyroptosis via inhibiting NF-κB.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 150-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with vessels encapsulating tumor clusters (VETC) and the application value of its risk scoring model.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 149 patients with HCC who were admitted to two medical centers, including 97 cases in the Jiangnan University Medical Center and 52 cases in the Affiliated Xingtai People′s Hospital of Hebei Medical University, from January 2017 to April 2020 were collected. There were 116 males and 33 females, aged (58±12)years. There were 74 cases with VETC and 75 cases without VETC. Observation indica-tors: (1) clinical characteristics of patients with and without VETC; (2) imaging features of patients with and without VETC; (3) multivariable analysis of HCC patients with VETC; (4) construction of VETC related risk scoring model and its performance evaluation; (5) postoperative early tumor recurrence of patients with and without VETC who were confirmed by risk scoring model and histopathological examination. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Count data were described as absolutes, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test and continuous correction chi-square test. Variables of clinical and imaging characteristics with statistically signifi-cant were included in the multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model of backward stepwise selection. VETC related risk scoring model was constructed based on the results of Logistic regression model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, and the area under curve (AUC), the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and their 95% confidence interval ( CI) were calculated. The maximizing Youden index was the optimal cutoff value for VETC prediction. The Hosmer Lemeshow goodness of fit test was used to assess the consistency between VETC risk scoring model predicted VTEC status and the true VETC status. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. The Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Clinical characteristics of patients with and without VETC. Cases with postoperative albumin <36 g/L were 57 in patients with VETC, versus 68 in patients without VETC, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=5.13, P<0.05). (2) Imaging features of patients with and without VETC. Cases with lesion imaging presence as nonperipheral washout, cases with lesion imaging presence as mosaic architecture, cases with lesion imaging presence as intratumoral hemorrhage, cases with lesion imaging presence as corona enhancement, cases with lesion imaging presence as non-smooth tumor margin, cases with lesion imaging presence as peritumoral enhancement in arterial phase, cases with lesion imaging presence as intratumoral arteries, cases with lesion imaging presence as peritumoral hypointensity in hepatobiliary phase, cases with lesion imaging enhancement type as uniform low enhancement, uniform high enhance-ment, heterogeneous enhancement with septations and heterogeneous enhancement with irregular ring-like structures, cases with intratumoral necrosis or ischemic, cases with tumor diameter >5 cm were 73, 35, 33, 15, 39, 28, 42, 27, 4, 5, 27, 38, 45, 46 in patients with VETC, versus 64, 16, 13, 3, 19, 15, 9, 13, 9, 35, 5, 26, 10, 10 in patients without VETC, respectively, showing significant differences in the above indicators between them ( χ2=8.92, 11.15, 12.97, 9.28, 11.74, 5.77, 33.14, 6.96, 41.79, 36.05, 37.86, P<0.05). (3) Multivariable analysis of patients with VETC. Results of multivariable analysis showed that lesion imaging enhancement as heterogeneous enhancement with septations, lesion imaging enhancement as heterogeneous enhancement with irregular ring-like structures, intratumoral necrosis or ischemia and tumor diameter >5 cm were independent risk factors influen-cing patients with VETC ( odds ratio=4.18, 7.62, 4.23, 4.08, 95% CI as 1.60?11.60, 2.00?31.70, 1.71?10.90, 1.60?10.80), P<0.05). (4) Construction of VETC related risk scoring model and its performance evaluation. The VETC related risk scoring model was constructed as (heterogeneous enhancement with septations, presence: 1.0, absence: 0)+(heterogeneous enhancement with irregular ring-like structures, presence: 1.5, absence: 0)+(intratumoral necrosis or ischemia, presence: 1.0, absence: 0)+(main tumor diameter >5 cm, presence: 1.0, absence: 0). The AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of VETC related risk scoring model were 0.86 (95% CI as 0.80?0.92), 79.7% (95% CI as 69.2%?87.3%), 80.0% (95% CI as 69.6%?87.5%) and 79.9% (95% CI as 72.7%?85.5%), respectively. Results of Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test showed a good consistency between VETC risk scoring model predicted VETC status and true VETC status ( P>0.05). (5) Postoperative early tumor recurrence of patients with and without VETC who were confirmed by risk scoring model and histopathological examination. All 149 patients were followed up for 29(range, 26?35)months. The time to tumor recurrence and 2-year cumulative tumor recurrence rate of 149 patients were 29(range, 24?33)months and 43.0%, respectively. The 2-year tumor cumulative recurrence rate of patients with and without VETC predicted by risk scoring model was 47.8% and 37.9%, respectively, showing a significant difference between ( χ2=3.90, P<0.05). The 2-year cumulative tumor recurrence rate of patients with and without VETC confirmed by postoperative histopathological examination was 47.4% and 38.1%, respectively, showing a significant difference between ( χ2=4.20, P<0.05). Conclusions:Lesion imaging enhancement as heterogeneous enhancement with septations or irregular ring-like structures, intratumoral necrosis or ischemia and tumor diameter >5 cm are independent risk factors influen-cing HCC patients with VETC. The proposed risk scoring model based on those three risk factors achieves an optimal preoperative diagnostic performance.

3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 470-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the characteristics of vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the factors influencing the development of VIPN.@*METHODS@#The children with ALL, aged 1-18 years, who were treated with CCCG-ALL2015 or CCCG-ALL2020 regimen in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2018 to February 2022 were enrolled as subjects. According to the influence of age on risk, the children were divided into 1-10 years group with 91 children and >10 years group with 29 children. VIPN was graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (5th edition), and the incidence rate, severity, and type of VIPN were compared between different groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 120 children were enrolled in this study, among whom 56 (46.7%) developed VIPN. The >10 years group had a significantly higher incidence rate of VIPN than the 1-10 years group (69% vs 40%, P<0.05). Among the 56 children with VIPN, 12 (21%) had grade 3 VIPN or above, and 44 (79%) had grade 2 VIPN. There were 77 cases of autonomic nerve symptoms (59.7%), 42 cases of peripheral nerve injury (32.5%), and 10 cases of cranial nerve injury (7.8%). There were no significant differences in the severity and type of VIPN between the groups with different ages, sexes, degrees of risk, or treatment regimens (P>0.05). The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that age is the influencing factor for the occurrence of VIPN (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a relatively high incidence rate of VIPN in children with ALL, with the highest incidence rate of autonomic nervous symptoms. The incidence of VIP in children over 10 years old is relatively high.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/adverse effects , Cohort Studies , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Vincristine/adverse effects
4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 41-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958999

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of human brucellosis in Jiaxing City from 2010 to 2021, so as to provide insights into the development of the brucellosis control strategy.@*Methods@#The epidemiological and clinical data of brucellosis patients and epidemiological data of brucellosis outbreaks in Jiaxing City from 2010 to 2021 were collected from Chinese Disease Control and Prevention Information System, and the epidemiological features and outbreaks of brucellosis were analyzed descriptively.@*Results@#Totally 160 brucellosis patients were reported in Jiaxing City from 2010 to 2021, and the incidence of brucellosis appeared a tendency towards a rise (χ2trend=28.564, P=0.002), with annual mean incidence of 0.29/105. No deaths due to brucellosis occurred in Jiaxing City from 2010 to 2021. Brucellosis cases were reported each month, which were concentrated in the first and second quarters, and the greatest number was seen in May (27 cases, 16.88%). The brucellosis cases were predominantly reported in Tongxiang City (114 cases, 71.25%), and 75.00% were male (120 cases) and 70.63% were occupational populations (113 cases). The patients had a median (interquartile range) age of 57 (12) years at onset, and the median duration (interquartile range) from onset to definitive diagnosis was 18 (28) days. The clinical manifestations mainly included fever and weakness, and a total of 18 Brucella melitensis isolates and one B. bovis isolate were cultured.@*Conclusions@#The incidence of brucellosis was rising in Jiaxing City from 2010 to 2021. The brucellosis patients were predominantly reported in Tongxiang City in the first and second quarters, and young, middle-aged men and occupational populations were at a high risk of brucellosis.

5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 63-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961830

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate whether the whole intestinal microbiota transplantation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) model mice has more significant effects on ileum intestinal microenvironment in normal mice under the guidance of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine that "interior-exterior relationship exists between the heart and small intestine". MethodsThe whole intestinal microbiota of fourteen 6-month-old specific pathogen free male APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD model mice was transplanted into the gut of six normal C57BL/6J mice of the same age and background treated with mixed antibiotics for 14 days. Then, after 14 days of normal rearing, the mice were sacrificed. Next, the pathological changes in the ileum and colon were observed, and the composition and diversity of the ileal and colonic microbiota was analyzed by sequencing. ResultsAfter the whole intestinal microbiota of AD mice was transplanted into normal mice, pathological analysis showed that only the ileum tissue had mucosal damage and crypt gland epithelial cell degeneration, necrosis, and shedding. Moreover, the microbiota analysis found that only the number of genera (P<0.01), Chao1 index (P<0.01) and Simpson index of ileal microbiota in normal mice decreased (P<0.01), and the composition of intestinal microbiota was quite similar to that of AD model mice. ConclusionUnder the effect of whole gut microbiota transplantation in AD mice, the diversity and composition of ileal microbiota change more than that of colonic microbiota in normal mice, and at the same time, it results in pathological damage to the ileal mucosa, indicating that the ileal microenvironment may be more closely related to the occurrence and development of AD, which is highly consistent with the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine".

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3965-3976, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981528

ABSTRACT

This study aims to comprehensively evaluate the clinical value of Shaoma Zhijing Granules(SZG), Changma Xifeng Tablets(CXT), and Jiuwei Xifeng Granules(JXG) in the treatment of children with tic disorder with the method of rapid health technology assessment(RHTA), which is expected to serve as a reference for medical and health decision-making and clinical rational use of drugs in children. To be specific, relevant articles were retrieved from eight databases and three clinical trial registry platforms. After the quality evaluation, rapid assessment was carried out from the dimensions of disease burden and unmet needs, technical characteristics, safety, efficacy and economy, and the results were analyzed and presented descriptively. A total of 22 articles(1 in English, 21 in Chinese) were screened out: 18 randomized controlled trials(RCTs) and 4 clinical controlled trials(CCTs). Among them, 5 were about the SZG(all RCTs) and 9 were on CXT(6 RCTs and 3 CCTs). The rest 8 focused on JXG(7 RCTs and 1 CCT). Moreover, the overall risk of bias for 94.40% RCTs was evaluated as "some concerns" and only one(5.60%) had high risk of bias. In terms of quality, the 4 CCTs scored 5-6 points(<7 points), suggesting low quality. SZG alone or in combination with tiapride has obvious advantages in improving traditional Chinese medicine syndromes and tic symptoms compared with tiapride alone, with the average daily cost of CNY 79.44-119.16. Compared with conventional western medicine or placebo, CXT alone or in combination with conventional western medicine can improve the total effective rate and alleviate tic symptoms, and the average daily cost is CNY 22.50-67.50. JXG alone or in combination with conventional western medicine can effectively relieve tic symptoms compared with conventio-nal western medicine or placebo, with the average daily cost of CNY 82.42-164.85. The adverse events related to the three Chinese patent medicines mainly occurred in the digestive, respiratory, and nervous systems, all of which were mild. In general, SZG, CXT, and JXG are effective for children with tic disorder. They have been approved to be used in this field, of which SZG was approved in 2019, with the most up-to-date research evidence and high-quality RCT in Q1 journals. However, the comparative analysis of the three was affected by many factors, which should be further clarified. Based on the large sample data available in multiple dimensions, a comprehensive comparative evaluation of the three Chinese patent medicines should be carried out, thereby highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of them and serving a reference for rational clinical use and drug supervision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Tiapride Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Tics/drug therapy , Tic Disorders/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
7.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 240-249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971440

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the long-non-coding RNA LINC00342 expression and the clinicopathological parameters of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and the biological function of LINC00342 in HNSCC cells. Methods: The expression level of LINC00342 in the HNSCC was analyzed using transcriptome sequencing data from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database, and the expressions of LINC00342 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissues (LSCC) of 27 patients in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were detected by transcriptome sequencing. The expression levels of LINC00342 in human embryonic lung diploid cells 2BS, HNSCC cell lines FD-LSC-1, CAL-27 and Detroit562 were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). RNAi (RNA interference) was used for LINC00342 knockdown in HNSCC cell lines, and the changes of malignant phenotype in the tumor cells after LINC00342 knockdown were examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, flow cytometry, transwell invasion and migration assays. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to construct a LINC00342-centered competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network, and GO (Gene Ontology) enrichment analysis was performed. Statistical analysis and graphing were performed using SPSS 25.0 software and GraphPad Prism 6 software. Results: Mean LINC00342 levels in HNSCC tissues and TCGA database were higher than that in normal control tissues, but with no significantly statistical difference (P=0.522). LINC00342 expression levels were positively correlated with cervical lymph node metastasis and pathological grade in patients with HNSCC, with higher expression in male patients than in female patients (P<0.05). Transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that mean expression level of LINC00342 in LSCC tissues of 27 patients was significantly higher than that in the paired adjacent normal mucosa tissues (t=1.56, P=0.036). LINC00342 expression was significantly upregulated in HNSCC cell lines FD-LSC-1, CAL-27 and Detroit562 (t-values of -12.17, -23.26 and -388.57, respectively; all P<0.001). Knockdown of LINC00342 by transfecting si-LINC00342-1 and si-LINC00342-2 inhibited HNSCC cell proliferation (t-values of 8.95 and 4.84, 2.70 and 5.55, 2.02 and 3.70, respectively), colony formation (t-values of 6.66 and 6.17, 7.38 and 11.65, 4.90 and 5.79, respectively), migration (t-values of 8.21 and 7.19, 5.76 and 6.46, 6.28 and 9.92, respectively) and invasion abilities (t-values of 9.29 and 10.25, 11.30 and 11.36, 8.02 and 8.66, respectively), but promoting apoptosis in cell lines FD-LSC-1 and CAL-27 (t-values of -2.21 and -5.83, -3.05 and -5.25 respectively) (all P-values<0.05). The LINC00342-centered ceRNA network consists of 10 downregulated microRNA and 647 upregulated mRNA nodes. GO analysis results indicated that LINC00342-regulated mRNAs were enriched in 22 biological processes, 32 molecular functions, and 12 cellular components. Conclusion: High level of LINC00342 is associated with the malignant progression of HNSCC. LINC00342 promotes the proliferation, migration, invasion, and antagonizes apoptosis of HNSCC cells, which serves as a potential molecular marker in HNSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Clinical Relevance , Epithelial Cells , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 770-777, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970547

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the effect of Erjing Pills on the improvement of neuroinflammation of rats with Alzheimer's di-sease(AD) induced by the combination of D-galactose and Aβ_(25-35) and its mechanism. SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group, a model control group, a positive drug group(donepezil, 1 mg·kg~(-1)), an Erjing Pills high-dose group(9.0 g·kg~(-1)), and an Erjing Pills low-dose group(4.5 g·kg~(-1)), with 14 rats each group. To establish the rat model of AD, Erjing Pills were intragastrically administrated to rats for 5 weeks after 2 weeks of D-galactose injection. D-galactose was intraperitoneally injected into rats for 3 weeks, and then Aβ_(25-35) was injected into the bilateral hippocampus. The new object recognition test was used to evaluate the learning and memory ability of rats after 4 weeks of intragastric administration. Tissues were acquired 24 h after the last administration. The immunofluorescence method was used to detect the activation of microglia in the brain tissue of rats. The positive expressions of Aβ_(1-42) and phosphory protein Tau~(404)(p-Tau~(404)) in the CA1 area of the hippocampus were detected by immunohistochemistry. The levels of inflammatory factors interleukin-1β(IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in the brain tissue were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB)/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors 3(NLRP3) pathway-associated proteins in the brain tissue were determined by Western blot. The results showed that as compared with the sham group, the new object recognition index of rats in the model control group decreased significantly, the deposition of Aβ_(1-42) and p-Tau~(404) positive protein in the hippocampus increased significantly, and the levels of microglia activation increased significantly in the dentate gyrus. The levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the hippocampus of the model control group increased significantly, and the expression levels of TLR4, p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65, p-IκBα/IκBα, and NLRP3 proteins in the hippocampus increased significantly. Compared with the model control group, the Erjing Pill groups enhanced the new object recognition index of rats, decreased the deposition of Aβ_(1-42) and the expression of p-Tau~(404) positive protein in the hippocampus, inhibited the activation of microglia in the dentate gyrus, reduced the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the hippocampus, and down-regulated the expression levels of TLR4, p-NF-κB P65/NF-κB P65, p-IκBα/IκBα, and NLRP3 proteins in the hippocampus. In conclusion, Erjing Pills can improve the learning and memory ability of the rat model of AD presumably by improving the activation of microglia, reducing the expression levels of neuroinflammatory factors IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6, inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 neuroinflammation pathway, and decreasing hippocampal deposition of Aβ and expression of p-Tau, thereby restoring the hippocampal morphological structure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , NF-kappa B , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Galactose , Interleukin-6 , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 553-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976137

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To assess the occupational health risk of noise in a plastic products enterprise and determine the key risk Methods - points. The workplace of a plastic products enterprise and its 388 noise exposed workers were selected as the , research subjects using a convenient sampling method. The noise intensity in the workplace of the enterprise was measured and - GBZ/T 229.4-2012 the individual noise exposure level and pure tone hearing test were carried out in the noise exposed workers. Classification of Occupational Hazards at Workplaces--Part 4: Occupational Exposure to Noise( GBZ/T hereinafter referred to as 229.4-2012) - was used to evaluate the hazardous degree of noise in different posts. The risk of high frequency hearing loss ( ) - ( ) - , , HFHL and occupational noise induced deafness ONID in noise exposed workers in different posts at 45.0 50.0 55.0 and WS/T 754-2016 Guideline for Risk Management of Occupational Noise Hazard( 60.0 years of age were predicted using hereinafter WS/T 754-2016)Results referred to as . The noise in the workplace of this plastic product enterprise was found to exceed the - occupational exposure limits with the rate of 46.6%. The maximum level of normalization of equivalent continuous A weighted - ( ) sound pressure level to a nominal 40 h working week of exposure to noise in workers of six posts was 84.0 93.0 dB A . - , , , According to GBZ/T 229.4 2012 the noise hazards of the posts including extrusion premixing unloading and utility - , maintenance were mild or moderate except for the film and packaging posts. According to WS/T 754 2016 the risks of HFHL in , , the film and packaging operators at age ≥50.0 years old were at acceptable risk and the risks of HFHL in operators of extrusion , , premixing unloading and utility maintenance at age ≥45.0 years old were at moderate risk or high risk. The risks of ONID for , the film packaging and utility maintenance operators at age ≥55.0 years old were at acceptable risk or moderate risk. The risksof ONID for extrusion premixing and unloading operators at age ≥50.0 years old were at high risk. Extrusion operators with ( ) exposure to toluene below the occupational exposure limit had a higher risk of HFHL high risk than unloading operators ( ) Conclusion moderate risk at age 45.0 years with the same noise intensity. The noise exposure intensity is high in the , workplace of the plastic product enterprise. The workers in posts of extrusion premixing and unloading are at high risk levels of HFHL and ONID.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 9-18, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940512

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Qishengwan on ileal flora during its treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) under the guidance of the theory of "interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine". MethodThe AD model was established by bilateral intraventricular injection of β-amyloid 1-42 (Aβ1-42). The rats were then randomly divided into the blank group, sham-operated group, model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose (5.6, 11.2,22.4 g·kg-1·d-1) Qishengwan groups, and donepezil (0.46 mg·kg-1·d-1) group. After medication for 28 successive days, the spatial memory ability of rats was observed in water maze test, and the levels of Aβ1-42, nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the hippocampus were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Additionally, the contents of the ileum were collected and subjected to 16SrRNA-sequencing analysis for figuring out the changes in ileal flora. ResultCompared with the blank group and sham-operated group, the model group exhibited significantly reduced stay time in the target quadrant and number of target quadrant and platform crossings (P<0.05, P<0.01) and elevated Aβ1-42 content in the hippocampus (P<0.01) and central inflammatory factors NF-κB, TNF-α, and IL-6 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Qishengwan at each dose significantly alleviated the impaired spatial memory function (P<0.05, P<0.01), improved the deposition of Aβ1-42 in the hippocampus of rats (P<0.05, P<0.01), and reduced the expression of central nervous system inflammatory factors (P<0.05, P<0.01), thus exerting a good therapeutic effect on AD rats. The 16SrRNA-sequencing analysis results showed that the structure of the ileal flora in the model group was significantly separated from those in the blank group and sham-operated group. The abundance of Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group was significantly increased (P<0.01), while that of Escherichia-Shigella was reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01). Qishengwan at each dose significantly changed the ileal flora structure and regulated the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group, Escherichia-Shigella, and Ruminococcaceae. ConclusionQishengwan has a positive therapeutic effect on AD. It can significantly enhance the memory and cognitive abilities in AD rats, which may be related to its regulation of the structure of rat ileal flora and the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group, Escherichia-Shigella, and Ruminococcaceae, the attenuation of the central neuroinflammatory response, and the reduction of central Aβ1-42 deposition.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2273-2276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928103

ABSTRACT

Adhering to Chinese culture and philosophy, the development of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) should be cooperative and open. TCM should learn from the achievements of ancient and modern scientific and technological civilization in human history and promote cultural exchange. TCM advocates unity, harmony, and interaction, and keeps going in a new information and digital era with Big Science and Extensive Health. The disciplinary development of TCM should embrace inheritance and innovation, and explore the scientific research and transformation of clinical experience. The dual attributes of science and humanity of TCM should be followed. In terms of education, "reading classics, acquiring clinical experience, and consulting experienced tutors" cannot be ignored. Underpinned by Xiang-thinking, TCM development should highlight the originality and learn from the failures of excessive westernization in the past with an inclusive attitude to forge through disciplines to the leading position.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 141-150, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927921

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the effect and mechanism of repeatedly steamed and sundried Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata(RRP) in delaying brain aging in ovariectomized mice. After ovariectomy, the mice were randomly divided into a model group, an estradiol valerate group(0.3 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-(1.0 g·kg~(-1)), medium-(2.0 g·kg~(-1)), and high-dose(4.0 g·kg~(-1)) RRP groups, and a sham operation group was also set up, with 15 mice in each group. One week after the operation, intragastric administration was carried out for 15 consecutive weeks. The step-down test and Morris water maze test were used to detect the behavioral changes of mice. HE staining and Nissl staining were used to observe the morphological changes of mouse brain tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of Aβ and ER_β in mouse brain tissues. The serum estrogen levels and cholinesterase and cholinesterase transferase levels in brain tissues of mice were detected by assay kits. The extracted hippocampal protein was detected by the Nano-ESI-LC-MS system, identified by the Protein Discovery, and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively by the SIEVE. The PANTHER Classification System was used for GO analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of the differential proteins. Compared with the sham operation group, the model group showed decreased learning and memory ability, shortened step-down latency(P<0.05), prolonged escape latency(P<0.05), reduced platform crossings and residence time in the target quadrant, scattered nerve cells in the hippocampus with enlarged intercellular space, increased expression of Aβ-positive cells(P<0.05), declining expression of ER_β-positive cells and estrogen level(P<0.05), and weakened cholinergic function(P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the RRP groups showed improved learning and memory ability, prolonged step-down latency(P<0.05), increased estrogen level(P<0.05), neatly arranged nerve cells in the hippocampus with complete morphology, declining Aβ-positive cells, and elevated expression of ER_β-positive cells. A total of 146 differential proteins were screened out by proteomics, and KEGG pathway enrichment yielded 75 signaling pathways. The number of proteins involved in the dopaminergic synapse signaling pathway was the largest, with 13 proteins involved. In summary, RRP can delay brain aging presumedly by increasing the level of estrogen, mediating the dopaminergic synapse signaling pathway, and improving cholinergic function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Aging , Hippocampus/metabolism , Learning , Plant Extracts , Proteomics , Rehmannia
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 36-46, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the efficacy of <italic>Usnea diffracta</italic> in treating atherosclerosis (AS) and the altered microbial flora in rat ileum based on the interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Method:Forty-eight SD rats were randomized into a normal group (<italic>n</italic>=8) and a modeling group (<italic>n</italic>=40). The AS model was established with high-fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of vitamin D<sub>3</sub>. The successfully modeled rats were further randomly divided into the model group, positive control (simvastatin, 4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and low- (0.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (1.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (2.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) <italic>U. diffracta</italic> ethanol extract groups, with eight rats in each group. After four weeks of intervention, the blood, aorta, ileum, and ileum content of rats in each group were collected. The levels of serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the pathological changes in rat thoracic aorta was detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Western blot was conducted to determine the protein expression levels of tight junction protein zonula occluden (ZO-1) and Occludin in rat ileum, and the high-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing technology was employed to detect changes in microbial diversity and abundance in rat ileum of each group. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited obvious aortic plaque deposition, increased LPS, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, and IL-6 levels (<italic>P</italic><0.01), but decreased ZO-1 and Occludin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the model group revealed that <italic>U. diffracta</italic> significantly ameliorated the aortic plaque deposition of model rats, lowered serum LPS, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, and IL-6 levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated ZO-1 and Occludin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The abundance of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes in the model group changed significantly in contrast to that in the normal group, and the Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes(B/F) value declined (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Alpha and Beta diversity analysis indicated higher total number of intestinal flora species in the model group, but lower richness and uneven distribution (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), with a large number of pathogenic bacteria enriched. The ethanol extract of <italic>U. diffracta</italic> significantly increased the B/F value, corrected the structural disorder of microbial flora in ileum, reduced pathogenic bacteria, and increased the relative abundance of probiotics. Conclusion:<italic>U. diffracta</italic> exerts the therapeutic effect against AS possibly by improving the intestinal microbial communities, strengthening the intestinal mucosal barrier function, and reducing the serum LPS and inflammatory factors.

14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 483-489, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888672

ABSTRACT

Although there is guidance from different regulatory agencies, there are opportunities to bring greater consistency and stronger applicability to address the practical issues of establishing and operating a data monitoring committee (DMC) for clinical studies of Chinese medicine. We names it as a Chinese Medicine Data Monitoring Committee (CMDMC). A panel composed of clinical and statistical experts shared their experience and thoughts on the important aspects of CMDMCs. Subsequently, a community standard on CMDMCs (T/CACM 1323-2019) was issued by the China Association of Chinese Medicine on September 12, 2019. This paper summarizes the key content of this standard to help the sponsors of clinical studies establish and operate CMDMCs, which will further develop the scientific integrity and quality of clinical studies.

15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 347-349, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of the simple nucleus pulposus removal and small incision interlaminar window in the treatment of prolapsed and displaced lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#From February 2016 to February 2018, 35 patients with single-segment prolapse and displaced lumbar disc herniation were treated by the simple nucleus pulposus removal and small incision interlaminar window under general anesthesia. Among them, there were 21 males and 14 females;aged (42±17) years;27 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successful and the operation time was 30 to 60 min with an average of 40 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 10 to 30 ml with an average of 20 ml. All the patients were followed up for 1 to 3 years with an average of 1.2 years. Thirty-five patients with low back pain and lower limb symptoms were significantly relieved or disappeared. According to modified Macnab standard, 29 cases obtained excellent results, 5 good, and 1 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Applying the concept of minimally invasive operation, small incision interlaminar window and simple nucleus pulposus removal for the treatment of prolapsed and displaced lumbar disc herniation has the advantages of short operation time, definite curative effect, and less trauma. And it is a safe and effective surgical method under the premise of strict control of the indications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Nucleus Pulposus , Prolapse , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1547-1557, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879060

ABSTRACT

To find the status of outcome indicators reported in published randomized controlled trial(RCT) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) for essential hypertension in the past two years, we searched for relevant information from four Chinese databases, three English databases and two clinical trial registries in this study, from January 2018 to September 2019. The outcome indicators of RCT were extracted and categorized from trials and the risk of bias was assessed by ROB tools from the Cochrane Collaboration. A total of 125 RCTs and 15 RCT protocols were finally included after study screening. The results showed that the RCT outcomes mainly included efficacy and safety outcomes. Efficacy indicators mainly included blood pressure measurement, quality of life assessment, blood biochemical indicators, urine analysis, arterial ultrasound, vascular endothelial function indicators, hematocrit, hemorheology indicators and other indicators. The safety indicators mainly included general physical examination items, heart, liver and kidney function tests, blood, urine, and stool routine examinations as well as adverse drug reactions/events. The current RCTs cannot distinguish primary and secondary outcomes, and the RCT protocols didn't report efficacy criteria clearly. They both didn't report health economic indicators and the methodological qualities were relatively low. In view of the current status on outcome indicators reported in TCM RCTs, constructing a core outcome set of TCM for essential hypertension and improving the methodology quality of RCTs will help to accurately reflect the actual efficacy of TCM intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endpoint Determination , Essential Hypertension , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 74-79, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the molecular transmission network of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) epidemic strains in northern Zhejiang Province (Jiaxing City and Huzhou City) and to explore the HIV-1 transmission characteristics in this region.Methods:A total of 371 newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients in Jiaxing City and Huzhou City in 2017 were included as study subjects, and the blood samples were collected and the basic demographic and epidemiological information were obtained. RNA in plasma was extracted, and the pol region gene sequence was amplified by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to construct phylogenetic tree for identifying subtypes. The pairwise genetic distances were calculated, and the optimal threshold of genetic distance was selected, and finally the molecular transmission network was constructed. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:The pol region gene sequences of 336 samples were successfully obtained, and 11 subtypes were detected, mainly including circulating recombinant form (CRF)07_BC (40.8%, 137/336) and CRF01_AE (31.2%, 105/336). Based on the 1.0% genetic distance threshold, the molecular transmission network of HIV-1 was plotted. A total of 38 transmission clusters (cluster sizes ranging from two to 28) including 119 patients were found, with males predominantly (82.4%, 98/119) and most of the patients aged over 40 (include 40) years old (52.9%, 63/119), mainly infected with CRF07_BC subtype (57.1%, 68/119) and CRF01_AE (24.4%, 29/119). The clustering rate of CRF07_BC (49.6%, 68/137) was significantly higher than that of CRF01_AE (27.6%, 29/105), the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.27, P=0.022). Two large clusters C1 (28 cases) and C2 (11 cases) were identified, the majority of which were men who have sex with men (17 cases and seven cases, respectively). High-risk cases generally sought sexual partners in local or nearby cities through mobile phone dating software, of which the infected sequences mostly had high homology with other economic developed regions (Guangdong Province, Beijing City and Hangzhou City, etc.). Conclusions:The HIV-1 subtypes are diverse in Jiaxing City and Huzhou City, mainly CRF07_BC and CRF01_AE. The HIV-1 transmission networks are complex, among which high-risk cases may be the key factor leading to the HIV-1 epidemic in the region. Therefore, it is urgent to deepen the transmission network monitoring and formulate timely precise intervention and prevention strategies.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1253-1258, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008564

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) triggered a severe and complicated epidemic situation, and it is of great significance to discuss the rules and characteristics of the prescription of COVID-19 in traditional Chinese medicine. This study collected prevention and treatment approaches of traditional Chinese medicine for COVID-19 released from the National Health Committee of China, 7 provinces and municipal health committees, the Chinese Medicine Administration and Handbook of Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnosis and Treatment of COVID-19 between January 1 and February 18, 2020, and prescriptions prepared by 3 masters of Chinese medicine and 4 well-known Chinese medicine experts. These information were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and EpiData 3.0 software was used to establish the "Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescription Library for the Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19" and the "Common Database of Traditional Chinese Medicine for the Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19". A total of 93 effective Chinese medicine prescriptions and a total of 157 kinds of constituent medicines were collected. Data analysis was performed by SPSS 18.0 software. The results showed that: ①most of the medicines are with cold and warm properties, 69 with cold medicines, accounting for 43.95%, 57 with warm medicines, accounting for 36.31%, and less with hot medicines, taking up 1.27%; ②there are many pungent, bitter and sweet medicines, and the distribution of medicinal flavors is different at different disease stage. The pungent medicines are mostly found in the early stage, the bitter drugs are the main flavor in the middle and severe stage, and the sweet medicines are mostly used in the recovery stage; ③the meridian of the drug is more concentrated at the lung, stomach, and heart, and most of drugs are into the lung meridian, accounting for 24.55%; these medicines are mostly into the lungs and stomach in the initial and middle stages, and into the heart and kidney in severe stages; ④oral drugs are mostly non-toxic, among which only 6 kinds are toxic, namely Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Dryopteridis Crassirhizomatis Rhizoma, Paridis Rhizoma, Pinelliae Rhizoma, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparaia; ⑤most of the drugs have five types of functions: treating exterior syndromes, resolving dampness, clearing heat, replenishing deficiency, resolving phlegm, cough, and asthma. In the early stage, both drugs for treating exterior syndromes and heat clearing drugs were equally used, accounting for 18.81% each. In the middle stage, drugs resolving phlegm, cough, and asthma drugs are more often used, accounting for 29.61%. In the severe stage, heat clearing drugs are mostly used, accounting for 33.33%. During the recovery period, tonic deficiency drugs are used the most, accounting for 36.47%. The medical characteristics and efficacy of Chinese medicine in preventing and treating COVID-19 are closely related to the understanding of the etiology of Chinese medicine and the location and pathogenesis of the disease. Staged medication and local conditions need attention during the identification and treatment of COVID-19 clinical syndromes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 Drug Treatment
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 43-52, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873312

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the antihypertensive effect of Tianmu Jiangya powder and its related antihypertensive mechanism by using SHR rats as a model, and protein expressions provide an experimental basis for the clinical application of Tianmu Jiangya powder in the treatment of hypertension. Method::Sixty male SHR rats were randomly divided into six groups according to body weight after one week of adaptive feeding: model group, valsartan group (12 mg·kg-1), captopril group (9 mg·kg-1), hydrochlorothiazide group (6 mg·kg-1), Tianmu Jiangya powder low and high-dose group (0.36, 1.44 g·kg-1), WKY rats were used as the normal group, and the intragastric administration lasted for 16 weeks. Softron BP-2010A intelligent non-invasive blood pressure meter was used to measure the systolic blood pressure (SBP)and heart rate (HR) of rat tail arteries. Adobe Photoshop CS5 software was used to analyze the left auricle and claw fixed selected areas to evaluate the effect on blood stasis syndrome. Vevo 2100 small animal ultrasound imaging system detects left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular shortening (FS), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systole dimension (LVIDs), left ventricular end-diastole dimension (LVIDd), interventricular septum end-systolic depth (IVSs), and interventricular septum end-diastolic depth (IVSd). Then the rats were sacrificed and the materials were taken (blood, heart, aorta, liver, kidney, tibia), and the weight of heart, liver, kidney and tibia length were measured and recorded. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of the heart and thoracic aorta. Separation of serum and plasma, and determination of nitric oxide (NO) in serum by nitrate reductase method. Radioimmunoassay was used to detect plasma adrenaline/3 methoxyadrenaline (MN), urea (UREA), and uric acid (UA) contents. The expression of nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) protein in thoracic aorta of each group was detected and analyzed by immunohistochemical method. Result::Compared with normal group, the SBP and HR of the rats in model group were significantly increased (P<0.05). The r value of the claw was significantly reduced and the g value was significantly increased at 8 and 16 weeks (P<0.05). LVEF and FS significantly decreased, LVESV, LVIDs, IVSd increased significantly (P<0.05). Heart weight, heart weight /tibia length, liver weight and liver weight /tibia length, plasma of MN, UREA, and UA contents significantly increased, and promoted the expression of iNOS and VEGF proteins in the aortic (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the Tianmu Jiangya powder administration group could continuously reduce SBP in SHR rats, maintain HR stability (P<0.05), significantly increase the claw of r value, lower the claw of g value(P<0.05). LVEF, FS significantly increased, LVEDV, LVESV, LVIDd and LVIDs significantly decreased (P<0.05), significantly increased serum NO content, decreased liver weight, liver weight/tibia length, plasma MN, UREA, UA content (P<0.05), and down-regulated the expression of iNOS and VEGF protein in the aorta(P<0.05). Conclusion::Tianmu Jiangya powder has a certain antihypertensive effect, and its mechanism may be mainly related to protecting heart function, improving vascular endothelial function, reducing catecholamines and sedative analgesia.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 15-22, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873308

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect of Erjingwan on the biological basis of kidney yin deficiency Alzheimer' s disease(AD)rats induced by ovariectomy+ D-galactose combined with amyloid beta1-40 (Aβ1-40). Method::After ovariectomy, rats were randomly divided into five groups: model group, positive group, Erjingwan high, medium and low dose group, 11 rats in each group, and 11 rats in sham operation group. One week after operation, D-galactose was injected intraperitoneally for 7 weeks, and four weeks after operation, Aβ1-40 was injected unilaterally into hippocampus. The rats in model group and sham-operation group were given saline by intragastric administration 3 weeks after operation. The rats in high, middle and low dose groups of Erjingwan were given corresponding concentration (9.0, 4.5, 2.25 g·kg-1). The rats in positive control group were given Donepezil 1.0 mg·kg-1 with dosage of 10 mL·kg-1 once a day for 35 consecutive days. After 30 days of administration, the learning ability of the rats were examined using a Y-maze. The hippocampus tissues of rats were isolated. The morphology of hippocampus was observed by Nissl staining.The proteins were detected by Nanol-ESI liquid-mass spectrometry system and identified by protein Discovery software. Relative quantitative and qualitative analysis of differential proteins in hippocampus was performed by SIEVE software, and Gene Ontology of differential protein was performed by PANTHER Classification System database. String analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)pathway enrichment were performed on the differential proteins. Result::Compared with model group, the correct rate of Y maze in the high and middle dose groups of Erjingwan was significantly raised(P<0.05), and the number of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 area was significantly increased(P<0.01).115 differential proteins (Ratio>1.5 or Ratio<0.5) such as Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptors(IGF-1R) were found in the high-dose group of the Erjingwan group as well as 94 differential proteins such as Synaptophysin expressed in the middle-dose group of the Erjingwan. And there are 87 differential proteins such as Acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase-cytosolic in the positive drug group. It showed that these proteins were mainly divided into tubule-related proteins, heat shock proteins, energy metabolism-related proteins and AD-related proteins with GO analysis. It was found that the above differential proteins involved 93 signaling pathways such as Dopaminergic synaps by KEGG analysis. Conclusion::Erjingwan can improve cognitive impairment and neuronal damage in rats with kidney yin deficiency, possibly by altering the expression of multiple pathway-associated proteins such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B signaling pathway(PI3K/Akt), insulin signaling pathway, and adenylate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)signaling pathway, estrogen signaling pathway, and Dopaminergic synapse.

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