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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the motion and influencing factors of implanted gold markers in guiding liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using abdominal compression.Methods:Twenty patients with oligometastatic colorectal cancer or primary hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2016 to December 2019 were included. All patients were treated with SBRT under abdominal compression, with 1-3 gold markers were implanted within 2 cm from the lesion before positioning. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) scan was used for treatment planning. The respiratory cycle was divided into 0-90% respiratory phase images based on the respiratory signal, which were reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3 version 9.1; Philips Medical System, Madison, WI, USA), and cone beam CT validation images before radiation exposure were obtained. The liver volume was divided into 3 parts: within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, 2-5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein. The motion of different tumor locations was evaluated. Results:The average intrafractional motion amplitude was (2.63±2.81) mm in the cranial-caudal (CC) direction, (1.35±1.23) mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction, and (0.76±0.88) mm in the left-right (LR) direction, respectively. The average interfractional motion amplitude was (3.45±3.06) mm, (2.64±2.60) mm, and (2.23±2.07) mm, respectively. Both the intra-or inter-fractional motion amplitudes in the CC direction were the highest, followed by those in the AP and LR direction (all P<0.001). The motion varied at different tumor locations. The longer distance from the main hepatic portal vein, the larger the intrafractional motion (all P<0.05). To cover the 95% population-based confidence interval, the internal target volume (ITV) was suggested to include the expansion of 3.9 mm, 5.2 mm and 7.9 mm in the LR, AP and CC direction. The expansion of 4.3 mm, 4.4 mm and 6.1 mm was delivered within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and 3.5 mm, 7.3 mm and 9.7 mm>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, respectively. The expansion varied significantly depending on the tumor location, whereas the motion in the CC direction was the largest regardless of the tumor location. The longer distance of the tumor from the main portal vein, the larger expansion in the CC direction. The expansion of tumor > 5 cm from the main portal vein in the AP direction was larger than that of inner parts. Conclusion:Liver tumors at different locations require individual external expansion of ITV.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognosis of patients with isolated regional recurrence (RR) after mastectomy, and evaluate the efficacy of radiotherapy and identify the optimal radiation target volumes.Methods:Clinical data of 144 patients with first isolated RR after mastectomy between 2001 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had not received post-mastectomy radiotherapy. The primary endpoints consisted of the subsequent locoregional recurrence (sLRR), distant metastasis (DM), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).Results:With a median follow-up of 82.5 months after RR, the 5-year sLRR, DM, PFS and OS rates for the entire group were 42.1%, 71.9%, 22.9% and 62.6%, respectively. Local plus systemic therapy was an independent favorable prognostic factor for sLRR ( P<0.001) and PFS ( P=0.013). The sLRR rate in the surgery plus radiotherapy group was the lowest ( P<0.001). Surgery plus radiotherapy significantly reduced the 5-year risk of recurrence within the initially involved nodal regions ( P<0.001). Patients with chest wall irradiation obtained the 5-year subsequent chest wall recurrence rate of 12.1% compared to 14.8%( P=0.873) for those without chest wall irradiation. The subsequent supraclavicular recurrence rate was lower in patients with prophylactic supraclavicular irradiation than that without prophylactic supraclavicular irradiation (9.9% vs. 23.8%, P=0.206). The incidence rates of initially uninvolved axillary and internal mammary nodal recurrence were below 10% regardless of prophylactic irradiation or not. Conclusions:Patients with RR alone have an optimistic 5-year OS in the contemporary era. Comprehensive locoregional treatment including surgery and radiotherapy combined with systemic therapy is recommended. The chest wall, axillary and internal mammary nodal prophylactic irradiation should not be routinely performed for all patients with RR. The value of supraclavicular prophylactic irradiation remains to be evaluated.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) model of" neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus consolidation neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CNCT) followed by surgery" for locally advanced gastric cancer.Methods:From 2018 to 2020, 28 patients clinically diagnosed with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma or Siewert Ⅱ/Ⅲ adenocarcinoma gastroesophageal junction cancer were prospectively enrolled. The neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) was delivered with a total dose of 45 Gy, 1.8 Gy/f. Concurrent chemotherapy was S-1 at a dose of 40-60 mg twice daily. Then, patients received four to six cycles of CNCT of SOX regimen at three weeks after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. D 2 lymphadenectomy was performed at 4-6 weeks after CNCT. Results:A total of 28 patients completed the whole therapy. Grade 3 or above adverse events occurred in 3 cases (11%) during CCRT, including thrombocytopenia, leukopenia and anorexia; 2 cases (7%) developed leukopenia and 3 cases (11%) of thrombocytopenia during CNCT. Twenty patients (71%) completed the surgery. The proportion of patients with pathological complete remission (pCR) was 50%. Three patients experienced surgical complications including anastomotic leak, anastomotic stenosis and intra-abdominal sepsis. All were recovered after symptomatic treatment.Conclusion:Interim analysis results demonstrate that TNT can yield significant down-staging for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer, which causes tolerable adverse events and postoperative complications.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the radiation field and dose selection of patients with isolated chest wall recurrence (ICWR) after modified radical mastectomy, and analyze the prognostic factors related to subsequent chest wall recurrence.Methods:Clinical data of 201 patients with ICWR after mastectomy admitted to the Fifth Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital from 1998 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. None of the patients received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. After ICWR, 48 patients (73.6%) underwent surgery and 155 patients (77.1%) received radiotherapy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the post-recurrence progression-free survival (PFS) rates and the difference was compared by log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was performed using Cox regression model. Competing risk model was adopted to estimate the subsequent local recurrence (sLR) rates after ICWR and the difference was compared with Gray test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using F&G analysis. Results:With a median follow up of 92.8 months after ICWR, the 5-year PFS rate was 23.2%, and the 5-year sLR rate was 35.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with surgery plus radiotherapy and recurrence interval o F>12 months had a lower sLR rate. Patients with recurrence interval o F>48 months, local plus systemic treatment and surgery plus radiotherapy had a higher PFS rate. Among the 155 patients who received chest wall radiotherapy after ICWR, total chest wall irradiation plus local boost could improve the 5-year PFS rate compared with total chest wall irradiation alone (34.0% vs. 15.4%, P=0.004). Chest wall radiation dose (≤60 Gy vs.>60 Gy) exerted no significant effect upon the sLR and PFS rates (both P>0.05). In the 53 patients without surgery, the 5-year PFS rates were 9.1% and 20.5%( P=0.061) with tumor bed dose ≤60 Gy and>60 Gy, respectively. Conclusions:Local radiotherapy is recommended for patients with ICWR after modified radical mastectomy of breast cancer, including total chest wall radiation plus local boost. The radiation dose for recurrence should be increased to 60 Gy, and it should be above 60 Gy for those who have not undergone surgical resection. In addition, patients with ICWR still have a high risk of sLR, and more effective treatments need to be explored.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between gastric filling status and intra-or inter-fractional tumor displacement in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) undergoing preoperative radiotherapy.Methods:From October 2018 to June 2019, 10 patients with locally advanced AEG who received totally neoadjuvant therapy were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients received two markers implanted at the cranial and caudal borders of the tumors under gastroscope and a total of 20 fiducial markers were implanted finally. All patients underwent 4DCT scan under the gastric fasting and filling status. Ten images of 0% to 90% respiratory phase were automatically reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3, version 9.1, Philips Medical Systems, Eindhoven, The Netherland). Each patient obtained one hundred sets of images. Results:In the tumors proximal to the chest, gastric filling did not significantly affect intrafractional or interfractional tumor displacements. Nevertheless, in the tumors distal to the chest, the interfractional displacement in the cranio-caudal (CC) direction under the gastric fasting status was significantly larger compared with that under the gastric filling status (6.22±4.67 mm vs. 4.13±3.68 mm, P=0.013). To ensure 95% of the prescribed dose irradiated to at least 90% of the tumor volume during the radiotherapy, the margins of tumors proximal to the chest in the left-right (LR), antero-posterior (AP) and CC directions were 9 mm, 8.5 mm, 12.1 mm under gastric filling status with 300 ml semi-fluid. Six patients diagnosed with gastric cancer with proximal thoracic fiducial markers treated by preoperative radiotherapy were included in the validation group, revealing that the fiducial markers of 93% patients were covered in this margin. Conclusion:During the preoperative radiotherapy in AEG patient, the approach of quantitative gastric filling can be considered.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of radiotherapy in the treatment of extracranial metastatic breast cancer, and to investigate the significance and prognostic factors of whole-lesion radiotherapy (WLRT).Methods:Clinical data of 85 patients with extracranial metastatic breast cancer treated with radiotherapy between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Thirty-six patients were assigned into the WLRT group and 49 in the non-WLRT group. The local control (LC), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated by Kaplan- Meier method, log-rank test and univariate prognostic analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results:The median follow-up time was 26.7 months. The 2-year LC, PFS, OS rates were 77%, 26%, 77%, respectively. The 2-year LC (91% vs. 67%, P=0.001), PFS (47% vs. 8%, P<0.001), OS rates (84% vs. 71%, P=0.010) in the WLRT group were significantly higher than those in the non-WLRT group, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that WLRT was an independent favorable prognostic factor for the LC, PFS and OS. Furthermore, bone metastasis alone was associated with improved LC and positive hormone receptor status was correlated with improved OS. Conclusions:WLRT has the potential to prolong the survival of patients with extracranial metastatic breast cancer. The patients with bone metastases alone obtain better LC, whereas those with negative hormone receptor status has worse OS.

7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 85-90, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879713

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignancies in Western countries. Studies have shown that androgen contributes to the progression of PCa, but how androgen promotes PCa remains largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated that androgen suppressed the expression of miR-760 depending on the interaction between androgen and androgen receptor (AR). miR-760 was downregulated in prostate cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. Functional experiments showed that miR-760 downregulation promoted the proliferation and growth of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. In contrast, miR-760 ectopic expression inhibited the proliferation of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. DNA synthesis was suppressed by miR-760. Mechanistically, miR-760 bound to the 3'UTR of interleukin 6 (IL6 ). A mutation in the binding site disrupted their interaction. In addition, silencing ofIL 6 suppressed the proliferation of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. IL6 was upregulated in PCa tissues. Our study reveals that androgen downregulates miR-760 to promote the growth of PCa cells by regulating IL6.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the classification and treatment strategy of femoral neck fracture combined with ipsilateral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the 44 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics, Liangxiang Teaching Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2003 to March 2019 for femoral neck fracture combined with ipsilateral intertrochanteric fracture. They were 19 males and 25 females, aged from 37 to 93 years (average, 77.9 years). According to the anatomical location and displacement severity, the femoral neck fractures were divided into 3 types while the intertrochanteric fractures were classified as stable or unstable ones. There were 3 cases of type Ⅰ which were completely extracapsular ones, 31 cases of type Ⅱ which were intracapsular stable ones, and 10 cases of type Ⅲ which were intracapsular unstable ones. Types Ⅰ and Ⅱ fractures were treated with intramedullary fixation, and type Ⅲ fractures with cemented hip hemi-replacement+reduction and fixation of the intertrochanteric fracture with Kirschner wires and steel cables. Recorded were fracture healing time, function of the affected hip and complications.Results:The 44 patients were followed up for at least 2 years. The fracture healing time for the 3 patients with type I fracture averaged 5.6 months (from 4.4 to 6.8 months); their hip function at the last follow-up, evaluated by the Harris scoring system, was excellent in 2 cases and good in one case. For 30 of the 31 patients with type Ⅱ fracture, the fracture healing time averaged 7.2 months (from 5.1 to 9.3 months); their hip function at the last follow-up, evaluated by the Harris scoring system, was excellent in 18 cases, good in 6 cases, fair in 5 cases, and poor in 2 cases, giving an excellent and good rate of 77.4% (24/31). As for complications, withdrawal or cutting-out of the head screw happened in 6 cases, infection in one case and nonunion in one case. In 10 patients with type Ⅲ fracture, the hip function at the last follow-up was excellent in 7 cases, good in 2 cases and poor in one case.Conclusions:For type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ femoral neck fractures combined with ipsilateral intertrochanteric fracture, intramedullary fixation with angulation stability may be a proper choice. For type Ⅲ ones, hip joint replacement should be the first choice.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 44-49, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early effect of modified posterior tibialis muscle transfer in treating foot drop and varus deformity caused by common peroneal nerve injury.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 6 patients with foot drop of common peroneal nerve palsy and varus deformity admitted to Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from December 2017 to October 2019, including 4 males and 2 females, aged 33-48 years [(39.5±6.0)years]. The left side was involved in 4 patients and the right side in 2 patients. All patients underwent posterior tibial muscle transfer. The insertion of posterior tibial muscle was reconstructed in the fourth metatarsal with the tendon allograft to correct foot drop and varus deformity. The range of motion of active ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion and range of motion of varus and valgus of foot were measured before operation and at the last follow-up. The isokinetic torque peak value of ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion at 60°/s angular velocity and peak isokinetic torque of foot varus and valgus at 60°/s angular velocity were measured before operation and at the last follow-up. The postoperative foot imaging evaluation was performed at the last follow-up, including Meary angle, calcaneal projection and diameter of the fourth metatarsal. The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Association (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score was used to evaluate the ankle function.Results:All patients were followed up for 6-17 months [10(6, 15)months]. At the last follow-up, the range of motion of dorsiflexion of the ankle [6(0, 10)°] and foot valgus [3(0, 5)°] were significantly improved compared with the preoperative level [-31(-33, -28)°, -10(-12, -8)°] ( P<0.05); the ankle dorsiflexion torque [(7.7±0.8)Nm] and foot valgus torque [(7.2±0.7)Nm] were significantly improved compared with the preoperative level [(0.0±0.0)Nm, (2.1±0.6)Nm]at 60°/s angular velocity ( P<0.01). Imaging examination showed no acquired flat foot deformity and deformation of the fourth metatarsal insertion. The AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score increased from 50-73 points [(61.3±8.4)points] before operation to 75-97 points [(86.8±7.2)points] at the last follow-up ( P<0.01). Conclusion:For foot drop and varus caused by common peroneal nerve injury, modified posterior tibialis muscle transfer can increase the torque of ankle dorsiflexion and valgus, improve the ankle range of motion, and accelerate the ankle function recovery.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 401-405, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907451

ABSTRACT

CCL20 and CCR6 are chemokines produced by a variety of cells. CCL20 and CCR6 combine to stimulate a series of downstream pathways, participate in the occurrence and development of various malignant tumors, and also play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer and the process of chemotherapy resistance. Epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) is a key step in the process of tumor cell metastasis, which is characterized by loss of cell adhesion, down-regulation of E-cherherin expression, up-regulation of mesenchymal markers and fibrinectin expression, and enhancement of cell motor ability and invasion ability. This article reviews the research of CCL20-CCR6 biological axis and EMT on invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Gegen Qinliantang (GQT) on the structure of intestinal flora in dysbacterial diarrhea rats by 16S rRNA sequencing. Method:Sixty healthy SD rats were randomly and equally divided into a control group, a model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose GQT groups, and a Bifidobiogen group. The rat model was induced in the five groups except the control group by administration of mixed antibiotics (178.6 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> cefradine and 31.25 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>gentamicin sulfate) according to the dose. Drug intervention was carried out in each group (7.02, 3.51, and 1.755 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> GQT for the high-, medium-, and low-dose GQT groups, 0.125 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> bifidobacterium capsules for the Bifidobiogen group, and sterile distilled water for the control and model groups) with a volume of 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> for seven days. Colon contents of rats were obtained under anesthesia. The extracted fecal DNA underwent 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing and the results were analyzed. Result:GQT was proved capable of adjusting the species number and Alpha and Beta diversity, improving the biological richness and diversity of the flora, and positively regulating three differential phyla (Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes) and 14 differential genera (<italic>Bacteroides</italic>,<italic> Parabacteroides</italic>,<italic> Blautia</italic>, etc.) in rat model of dysbacterial diarrhea. Conclusion:The present study confirmed the regulatory effect of GQT on intestinal flora of dysbacterial diarrhea rats, and revealed the physiological and pathological mechanism between intestinal flora and dysbacterial diarrhea.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906409

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence rate of andrological diseases has shown a significant growth trend. Considering the unavailability of a perfect theoretical system for andrology in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the complex pathogenesis despite of the limited types of andrological diseases, it is necessary to improve the clinical efficacy of andrological diseases so as to satisfy the needs of patients. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the andrologists of TCM and western medicine and the outstanding young clinicians to discuss the andrological diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, such as chronic prostatitis, male infertility, benign prostatic hyperplasia, erectile dysfunction, and premature ejaculation, determine their diagnostic criteria in western medicine, and standardize the specifications for TCM diagnosis and treatment based on syndrome differentiation, thus formulating recognized and integrated diagnosis and treatment protocols. Apart from proposing suggestions on the treatment of such andrological diseases with TCM and western medicine, the experts have also figured out the andrological diseases responding specifically to TCM, the optimal intervention time of TCM and western medicine, and the suitable measures including surgery. The resulting consensus helps to better guide the formulation of accurate, personalized, and optimized treatment plans in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of andrological diseases by giving full play to the advantages of TCM, which will in turn contribute to further innovation and development of TCM.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905058

ABSTRACT

Based on the ancient Chinese medical literature and modern clinical application literature, Mahuangtang was systematically analyzed, including its origin, composition, processing requirements and others, in order to provide support for the development of this famous classical formula. It was found that there were some doubts about Mahuangtang, such as the original variety, the processing of decoction pieces, and the dose conversion ratio. On the basis of fully considering the actual needs of the development of famous classical formula preparations and the usage habits of modern clinical practice, the development suggestions of the author were as follows:Ephedrae Herba should be selected Ephedra sinica without removing knots, Cinnamomi Ramulus should be selected from Cinnamomum cassia, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma should select Glycyrrhiza uralensis and be roasted with honey, and Armeniacae Semen Amarum should be selected as Dan-processed products. The total dose of Mahuangtang was 24 g after conversion according to 1 Liang equal to 3 g as following the transition phenomenon and law. The preparation and usage method was as follows:took 1.8 L of water, first added Ephedrae Herba in water for decocting, evaporated 400 mL of water, removed the upper foam, then added the other three drugs, cooked over gentle heat to 500 mL, filtered the residue, took three times a day, about 160 mL warm decoction once. The major function recorded of Mahuangtang in ancient books was exterior sthenia syndrome of exogenous wind cold, it often used in the clinical treatment of cold, acute bronchitis, bronchial asthma and other diseases through the flexible application of the later doctors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the body fluid and cellular immune function of children with cerebral palsy (CP) in the plateau area, as well as the exchanges of these factors during the comprehensive rehabilitation treatment.Methods:A total number of 144 children admitted to Xining Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from June 2018 to October 2019 were selected as the CP group for comprehensive rehabilitation treatment (consecutive courses). The peripheral blood immunoglobulin/complement (IgA, IgG, lgM, C3, C4) level, T lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) content was examined in the clinical specimens before and after treatment by using the immunoturbidimetry, flow cytometry, electrochemiluminescence analysis according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and Gross Motor Function Test Scale (GMFM-88). Children were divided as the different degrees to evaluate the rehabilitation efficacy. A total number of 50 healthy children taken a health check/physical examinations during the same period were considered as the control group. For statistical Analysis, the χ2 test and independent sample t test were performed. Results:The levels of humoral immune IgG, IgA, IgM, C3 and C4 in CP Group [(6.42±1.05), (0.64±0.13), (0.89±0.13), (0.80±0.08), (0.17±0.03) g/L, respectively] in CP groups′ children were lower than those in the control group [(10.25±0.62), (1.04±0.06), (1.06±0.17), (1.04±0.04), (0.27±0.04) g/L, respectively]. The humoral immune IgG and IgA levels [severe (5.40±0.69) and (0.55±0.09)g/L, moderate (6.63±0.30) and (0.66±0.14)g/L, mild (7.57±0.63) and (0.74±0.09)g/L, P<0.05] were also related to the children with CP of different GMFCS grades. Moreover, the level of T lymphocyte subsets (CD3+,CD4+,CD8+,CD4+/CD8+) in the CP group were not statistically different to that in the control groups children. Receiving the rehabilitation treatment, the levels of serum humoral IgG and IgA in CP Group (7.69±1.14) and (0.79±0.17) g/L were significantly enhanced; whereas the serum NSE (12.82±2.49) μg/L was lower than that before treatment (18.57±3.08) μg/L, and the total score of GMFM-88 (121.35±26.51) was higher than that before treatment (101.04±27.62). The differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). IgM, C3, C4 and T lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+) had no significant difference compared with those before treatment ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Children with CP at high altitude have abnormal humoral immune function. IgG and IgA may be related to the severity of CP and neuronal damage. Comprehensive rehabilitation can not only improve the motor function of children with CP, relieve neuronal damage, but also enhance their humoral immunity status.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) type Ⅰ caused by glypican-3 ( GPC3) gene mutations. Methods:Data of one neonate with SGBS type Ⅰ from Shenzhen Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical University was reviewed retrospectively. Literature was retrieved to summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of SGBS type Ⅰ caused by GPC3 mutations, using terms of "Simpson-Golabi-Behmel type Ⅰ", "GPC3" and "glypican-3" from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP database, Wanfang database, and PubMed from January 2010 till April 2021. Results:The male infant was admitted to the hospital at 4 h after birth due to "abdominal distension for 1 h", presenting with dysmorphic facial features, including macrocephaly, coarse face, broad nasal bridge, macrostomia, tongue with a groove in the middle, as well as macrosomatia, supernumerary nipples, and hypospadias. Whole exome sequencing revealed a novel frameshift mutation (c.720delC) in GPC3 gene of the patient and his mother for hemizygous and heterozygous variation, respectively, based on which SGBS type Ⅰwas confirmed. During the follow-up, overgrowth, neuroblastoma, and motor development retardation were found in the boy. In addition to the index patient, 92 cases of SGBS type Ⅰ reported in 31 articles were analyzed, including 89(95.7%) males and 4(4.3%) females. The main clinical features were craniofacial dysmorphism, pre/postnatal overgrowth with multiple congenital anomalies. Most patients were combined with language disorders, motor retardation, and various degrees of dysnoesia, and were more likely to develop embryonic tumors. Among the 93 cases, 11(11.8%) suffered from tumors. Apart from 21 cases of termination, 63 cases were born alive and nine cases died after birth. Pathogenic variants in GPC3 gene were reported in 80 cases, which were nonsense mutation in 25 cases (31.2%), DNA fragment deletion in 21 cases (26.2%), frameshift mutation in 16 cases (20.0%), large duplications in eight cases (10.0%), missense mutation in five cases(6.2%), and splice site mutation in five cases(6.2%). Conclusions:SGBS type Ⅰ is an X-linked recessive genetic disease with various phenotypes. Patients with postnatal craniofacial dysmorphism, overgrowth, and multiple congenital anomalies should be highly suspected of SGBS type Ⅰ. Genetic testing is conducive to its early diagnosis. Treatment requires multidisciplinary cooperation and long-term follow-up, especially for those with tumors.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911616

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate clinical and pathological factors related to the actual 5-year survival of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCC).Methods:A total of 94 HCC patients who underwent radical surgery at the Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Li Huili Hospital of Ningbo Medical Center from Jan 2000 to Jun 2015 were enrolled in this study.Patients were divided into two groups: postoperative survival group beyond 5 years and death group within 5 years. The clinical and pathological features of the two groups were analyzed.Results:Of the 94 patients, 19 (20.2%) had a postoperative survival time of more than 5 years. The actual 5-year overall survival rate of HCC patients (20.2%) was lower than that estimated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (22.2%). Gender, age, CEA value, CA199 value, total bilirubin, Child-Pugh classification, Bismuth classification and preoperative jaundice reduction were not significantly different between the two groups nor there were significant difference between two groups in operation time, blood loss, surgical procedure, combined caudate lobectomy, combined pancreaticoduodenectomy, combined resection of surrounding organs, vascular reconstruction and number of bile duct orifices in remnant liver surface. There were significant differences between two groups in the variables of pathological phenotype ( P=0.012), lymph node metastasis ( P=0.001) and resection level ( P=0.048). Conclusion:Non-papillary type, lymph node metastasis and R 1 resection are the independent risk factors of the actual 5-year survival.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 673-676, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect gene mutations and make a diagnosis in a family with ichthyosis accompanied by liver injury.Methods:Clinical data were collected from the proband, and genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the proband and his parents. Exome sequencing was performed in the proband by using a gene panel targeting hereditary skin diseases to identify mutation sites, and then the candidate mutation site was verified by PCR and Sanger sequencing in the family members. Results of peripheral blood smear examination and other auxiliary examinations were collected from the proband and his parents and analyzed.Results:The proband presented with generalized dry skin and tiny white scales on the lower limbs, accompanied by elevated transaminase levels, mild sensorineural hearing loss in both ears and fatty liver. Exome sequencing revealed a homozygous mutation c.933dupA in exon 6 of the ABHD5 gene encoding CGI-58 protein in the peripheral blood genomic DNA of the proband, resulting in a frameshift mutation p.R312Tfs*45 in the amino acid sequence. Heterozygous mutations at this site were identified in his father and mother. The mutation cosegregated with the disease phenotype in the family. The peripheral blood smear examination of the proband showed lipid vacuoles in neutrophils, which were called Jordan anomaly. Conclusion:The diagnosis of Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome was made in the proband based on the presentation of ichthyosis-like skin lesions and abnormal liver function, as well as the homozygous mutation in the ABHD5 gene and Jordan anomaly in peripheral blood smears.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 721-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy in the treatment of cystic renal masses.Methods:The 19 patients with cystic renal masses undergoing laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy from November 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females. The average age was 46.2 years. The mean body mass index was (25.8±3.1) kg/m 2. The masses located in the left kidney in 7 cases and the right kidney in 12 cases. The ECOG scores were 0. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was (2.8±1.3) cm. Five cases were diagnosed with Bosniak Ⅲ and 14 cases with Bosniak Ⅳ. According to R. E.N.A.L. scoring, 11 cases were of low difficulty (4-6 points), 7 cases of medium difficulty (7-9 points) and 1 case of high difficulty (10-12 points). The cystic renal masses were ablated by laparoscopic microwave ablation, then followed by partial nephrectomy. Postoperative complications were observed and the prognosis was assessed by CT or MRI. Results:The mean duration of operation was (84.0±20.8) min. The median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-50) ml. The median duration of postoperative hospitalization was 3 (2-6) d, and no complications such as bleeding, infection, gross hematuria or urine leakage were observed. According to the malignant degree of cystic renal masses, the patients were divided into low-risk group and high-risk group. The patients with benign cystic kidney tumors or with low biological malignancy were considered as the low-risk group, while the patients with high malignant pathology were considered as the high-risk group. In the low-risk group, there were 4 patients, including 1 patient with papillary adenoma, 1 patient with renal angiomyolipoma, 1 patient with low-grade malignant potential multilocular cystic renal tumor, and 1 patient with renal chromophobe carcinoma (stage T 1a). In the high-risk group, there were 15 cases, including 14 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (AJCC pathological stage: T 1a stage 11 cases, T 1b stage 3 cases; WHO/ISUP classification: 7 cases in grade 1, 6 cases in grade 2, and 1 case in grade 3); 1 case of Type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (stage T 1b, grade 2). The median follow-up was 20 months (12-37 months). Both groups survived, and no signs of tumor recurrence, implantation or metastasis were found in chest and abdomen imaging. Blood tests were performed regularly, and no significant abnormalities occurred. Conclusions:The safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy for the treatment of cystic renal masses is satisfactory, and postoperative pathology is clear, providing a potential option for cystic renal masses treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 712-716, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic performance of repeat biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT to distinguish between benign and malignant prostate disease. Methods:The clinical data and medical imaging of thirty-nine patients underwent repeat prostate biopsy were analyzed respectively in this study. The median age of patients was 65 years (range 46-81 years), the median PSA level was 11.0ng/ml (range 5.4-49.8 ng/ml), f/tPSA was 0.15(0.01-16.50)ng/ml, prostate volume was 43.80(7.79-108.63)ml, and PSA density was 0.24(0.09-2.31)ng/ml 2. All patients underwent pre-biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and the standard transrectal ultrasound-guided systematic prostate biopsy. Based on the biopsy results, 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images of all patients were visually and semi-quantitatively analyzed. By visual analysis, 68Ga-PSMA uptake in prostate was defined as focal, multimodal and inhomogeneous, and then the detection rate of prostate cancer in each subgroup was analyzed. The value of the ROC curve in the diagnosis of prostate cancer was analyzed based on the SUV max of prostate cancer(SUV max), tumor-to-normal-prostate background(SUV T/BGp)as semi-quantitative parameters of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT. Results:Prostate cancer was detected in 18 patients (46.2%) and 12 patients (30.8%) had clinically significant disease. There were 11, 5 and 2 patients with prostate cancer respectively in men with a focal (12 patients), multifocal(7 patients) and inhomogeneous (20 patients) 68Ga-PSMA uptake. The ROC analysis revealed a SUV max 5.3 and SUV T/BGp1.8 as an optimal cut-off level to distinguish between non-prostate cancer and prostate cancer in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, the sensitivity and specificity were 100.0% and 85.7% for SUV max (AUC=0.979), 83.3% and 90.5% for SUV T/BGp (AUC=0.915). Conclusions:Pre-biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT could help to distinguish between benign and malignant prostate disease before repeat prostate biopsy and detect the foci of prostate cancer.

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China Pharmacy ; (12): 29-33, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the compositi on of the volatile oil from Compound chaihu guizhi decoction ,and to evaluate its in vitro anti-proliferative activity on human lung adenocarcinoma A 549 cells. METHODS :The volatile oil from Chaihu guizhi decoction was extracted according to the steam distillation method of general rules 2004 in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia(part Ⅳ). The volatile oil components were analyzed by GC-MS combined with Kováts index ,and the relative content of each component was calculated by peak area normalization method. Using different concentrations of cisplatin (4,8, 16,32,64 mg/L)as positive control ,MTT assay was used to detect the inhibitory effects of different concentrations of volatile oil from Chaihu guizhi decoction (25,50,100,200,400 mg/L)on in vitro proliferation of A 549 cell after 48 h of treatment. Negative control group (with cells but without drugs )was set up. RESULTS :A total of 71 chemical components were isolated from the volatile oil ,among which there were 59 compounds identified ,sum of peak areas accounting for 84.99% of the total peak area. The compounds with relatively high content included ar-curcumene (17.65%),β-bisabolene(9.57%),β-ocimene(7.05%), α-curcumene(5.35%),2,5-dimethylbenzaldehyde(4.24%),linalyl isobutyrate (2.70%),α-cedrene(2.48%),δ-cadinene (2.07%). Compared with negative control group ,the proliferation rate of cells were decreased significantly in 4-64 mg/L cisplatin groups and 25-400 mg/L volatile oil from Chaihu guizhi decoction groups (P<0.05). IC 50 of cisplatin and volatile oil from Chaihu guizhi decoction to in vitro proliferation of A 549 cells were 10.150 and 73.526 mg/L. CONCLUSIONS :The volatile oil from Chaihu guizhi decoction mainly includes ar-curcumene ,β-bisabolene,β-ocimene,α-curcumene,which shows certain inhibitory effect on in vitro proliferation of A 549 cells.

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