Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 382
Filter
1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 47-64, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922492

ABSTRACT

As a sensor of cytosolic DNA, the role of cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) in innate immune response is well established, yet how its functions in different biological conditions remain to be elucidated. Here, we identify cGAS as an essential regulator in inhibiting mitotic DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair and protecting short telomeres from end-to-end fusion independent of the canonical cGAS-STING pathway. cGAS associates with telomeric/subtelomeric DNA during mitosis when TRF1/TRF2/POT1 are deficient on telomeres. Depletion of cGAS leads to mitotic chromosome end-to-end fusions predominantly occurring between short telomeres. Mechanistically, cGAS interacts with CDK1 and positions them to chromosome ends. Thus, CDK1 inhibits mitotic non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) by blocking the recruitment of RNF8. cGAS-deficient human primary cells are defective in entering replicative senescence and display chromosome end-to-end fusions, genome instability and prolonged growth arrest. Altogether, cGAS safeguards genome stability by controlling mitotic DSB repair to inhibit mitotic chromosome end-to-end fusions, thus facilitating replicative senescence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between cervical lymph node metastasis,extra thyroidal extension and other clinicopathologic features and BRAF V600E gene mutation abundance in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods:The clinicopathologic data of 123 PTC patients admitted from Jan 2018 to Oct 2020 in Peking University People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. All the PTC cases were examined by next generation sequencing technology. BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances were detected and analyzed with different clinicopathologic features, and differences between groups were compared. Results:There were statistical differences compared to control group in BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances in lymph node metastasized group and extra thyroidal extended group(all P<0.05). BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances were positively related with severity of extra thyroidal extension( P<0.05). Conclusion:BRAF V600E gene mutation abundance was related with cervical lymph node metastasis and extra thyroidal extension in PTC patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate anatomical locking plate combined with bone cement intramedullary support in the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in the elderly.Methods:From May 2016 to July 2018, 19 geriatric proximal humeral fractures were treated with anatomical locking plate combined with bone cement intramedullary support at Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Shenyang Northern Theater. There were 8 females and 5 males, with an average age of 71 years (from 60 to 84 years). All the fractures were closed. According to the Neer classification, there were 4 two-part, 5 three-part and 4 four-part fractures. At 6, 12, 18 and 36 weeks and one year postoperatively, anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of the scapula were taken. At the last follow-up, the Constant-Murley shoulder score and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score for the upper limb dysfunction were recorded.Results:The 13 patients were followed up for 3 to 12 months (6 months on average). Bony union was achieved in all the 13 patients. Local necrosis and deformation of the humeral head and partial screw perforation were observed one year after operation in 2 cases, but other patients reported no such complications or loosening of internal fixation. At the last follow-up, their mean Constant-Murley score was 82.6 (from 71 to 95) and their mean ADSH score 19.2 (from 9.2 to 48.1).Conclusion:Anatomical locking plate combined with bone cement intramedullary support may lead to fine early efficacy for the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in the elderly, since it can facilitate fracture reduction, promote rigid fixation and prevent loss of reduction.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Cisplatin is a formidable chemotherapy agent widely applying in antineoplastic treatments, but its side effects often limit the clinical usage. Metabolic disorders are one of the side effects induced by cisplatin, which closely relate to the onset of chemotherapy-induced anorexia (CIA) in cancer patients but lacks effective controls. Liujunzi decoction (LJZD) is a traditional Chinese formula that has a promising effect in treating CIA. However, whether LJZD ameliorates CIA through adjusting cisplatin-induced metabolic disorders remain unknow. The present study evalu?ated the mechanism of cisplatin-induced metabolic disorders, and the effect of LJZD in ameliorating these disturbances. METHODS 42 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (180-220 g) were randomly divided into 3 groups:normal control group (distilled water+saline), model group (distilled water+cisplatin), LJZD group (4.8 g·kg-1 Liujunzi decoction ingredients+cisplatin). Intragastrical administered each drug twice a day (7:00-19:00) since day 0 for 4 d, animals were intraperito?neal injected with cisplatin 6 mg·kg-11 h after administration while normal control groups were injected with same volume of saline. On day 3, each group was anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium 45 mg · kg-1 (ip), and blood samples were collected from aorta abdominalis. Then the samples were analyzed using an LC-ESI-MS/MS system. Significantly regu?lated metabolites between groups were determined by VIP≥1 and absolute Log2FC (fold change)≥1. Identified metabo?lites were mapped to Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway database using Metaboanalyst 5.0 (https://www.metaboanalyst.ca/). RESULTS A total of 133, 77 and 32 differential metabolites were filtrated in control vs model, control vs LJZD and model vs LJZD groups respectively. Comparing to control, the levels of hexadecanoic acid (Log2FC=6.3153), linoleic acid (Log2FC=5.3478), and 8, 11-icosadienoic acid (Log2FC=5.2342) significantly increased, and the levels of N-acetyl-L-tyrosine (Log2FC = -2.6283), cinnamic acid (Log2FC = -2.3381), N-acetylphenylalanine (Log2FC = -2.2501) significantly decreased in model group. The KEGG pathway enrichments of these metabolites indi?cated that, cisplatin-induced metabolic disorders by disturbing metabolism pathways such as linoleic acid metabolism, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, and phenylalanine metabolism, which suggested that the onset of CIA was partly associated with the metabolic disorders of linoleic acid, unsaturated fatty acids, and phenylalanine. Compared to control, treatment of LJZD significantly increased the levels of 4-hydroxytryptamine (Log2FC =12.0186), hexadecanoic acid (Log2FC = 5.7412), linoleic acid (Log2FC = 5.1877) and significantly decreased the levels of N-acetylmethionine (Log2FC=-1.7317), 2-aminoethanesulfinic acid (Log2FC=-1.6578), N-acetyl-L-tyrosine (Log2FC=-1.5355). And com?paring to the model group, 4-hydroxytryptamine (Log2FC = 12.0186), 7, 12-diketocholic acid (Log2FC = 2.0998), N-acetylneuraminic acid (Log2FC = 2.0560) markedly increased, and 3-hydroxy-3-methylpentane-1 (Log2FC = -1.9202), 5-dioic acid (Log2FC = -1.7166), N-isovaleroylglycine, hexanoyl glycine (Log2FC = -1.4958) markedly decreased in LJZD group. It was worth noting that, there were 23 differential metabolites filtrated both in control vs model and model vs LJZD groups, which were the key metabolites of LJZD in treating CIA. Among these 23 common metabolites, there were 16 metabolites excluding the control vs LJZD group, that was, LJZD had no effect in normal rats while being able to ameliorated cisplatin-induced metabolic disorders by regulating these 16 metabolites. Cisplatin-induced downregula?tion of 11 metabolites such as hydrocinnamic acid, (±)12(13)epoxy-9Z-octadecenoic acid, cinnamic acid were upregulated after LJZD treatment, and cisplatin-induced upregulation of imidazoleacetic acid, 2'-deoxycytidine-5'-monophosphate and other 5 metabolites were downregulated by LJZD. The KEGG pathway analysis indicated that the linoleic acid metabolism, histidine metabolism, and pyrimidine metabolism were the most enriched metabolic pathway. Thus, cisplatin-induced metabolic disturbances mainly by disturbing linoleic acid metabolism, histidine metabolism, and pyrimidine metabolism, and LJZD interacted with these metabolic pathways to reduce metabolic disorders and thus ameliorated CIA. CONCLUSION Cisplatin-induced anorexia was closely related to the metabolic disorders of linoleic acid metabo?lism, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, and phenylalanine metabolism. The mechanism of LJZD in ameliorating CIA was in concerned with the metabolic adjustments, relating to the regulation of linoleic acid metabolism, histidine metabolism, and pyrimidine metabolism.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906507

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is a complex organ-specific autoimmune disease, associated with many factors such as genetic susceptibility, environmental factors, immune system disorders, and intestinal microbiota imbalance, which seriously affect the quality of life. At present, oral medicine, iodine 131 treatment and surgical treatment are mainly adopted in clinical parctice of western medicine. Although they can exert a certain curative effect, they still have surgical risks and side effect. Modern research shows that, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has the characteristics of stable curative effect, multi-targeted regulation and less side effect. It has definite efficacy and unique advantages in the prevention and treatment of AITD. Helper T lymphocyte cell 17 (Th17) mediate inflammation to induce immune promotion, while regulatory T lymphocyte cell (Treg) mediate immunosuppression, Th17 and Treg cooperate to maintain the balance of the immune microenvironment. During AITD progress, Inflammatory Th17 can be high, and the levels of mediated immunosuppressive Treg are relatively decreased. The restoration of balance between the two plays a key role in the inflammatory and immune processes of AITD. In recent years, based on Th17/Treg cell axis, a large number of clinical and experimental studies on the intervention of TCM on Th17/Treg balance in AITD have been carried out in the field of TCM, and some results have been achieved. Studies have shown that intervention in the Th17/Treg signaling axis is an important mechanism for the treatment of autoimmune thyroid diseases. This paper summarizes and analyzes the previous studies on the intervention effect of Chinese medicine monomer, Chinese medicine composition and Chinese medicine compound on Th17/Treg cell axis in AITD, mainly from the aspects of intervention related inflammatory factor secretion, regulation of antibody titer and the expression of related genes of related genes. These studies will help people to understand the mechanism of TCM in interfering with the Th17/Treg balance in AITD more accurately and comprehensively, and provide references for the rational application of TCM in the prevention and treatment of autoimmune thyroid diseases in clinical practice.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a qualitative and quantitative method for the determination of aristolochic acids in <italic>Aristolochia cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers. Method:The dried root tubers of <italic>A. cinnabarina </italic>was qualitative and quantitative analysis by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS). The analysis was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC-BEH C<sub>18</sub> column ( 2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 10%B; 1-9 min, 10%-30%B; 9-11 min, 30%-50%B; 11-15 min, 50%-90%B). The flow rate was 0.45 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, column temperature was 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 250 nm. Mass spectral data was acquired in positive mode of electrospray ionization (ESI). At the same time, the UPLC fingerprints of aristolochic acids in 21 batches of <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers were established, and the contents of 5 aristolochic acids in <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers from different producing areas and different harvesting periods were determined. Result:A total of 17 compounds, including 8 aristolochic acids, 7 aristololactams and 2 4,5-dioxoaporphine alkaloids, were identified from <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers by mass spectrometry data and bibliographic information. Ten common peaks were identified in the UPLC fingerprint, and they were tuberosinone-<italic>N</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolactam Ⅰa-<italic>N</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolochic acid Ⅳa-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolactam Ⅲa-<italic>N</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolactam Ⅰ-<italic>N</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolochic acid Ⅲa, aristolochic acid Ⅳa, aristolochic acid Ⅱ, aristolactam Ⅰ and aristolochic acid Ⅰ. According to the quantitative analysis, the results exhibited that aristolochic acid Ⅲa, aristolochic acid Ⅳa, aristolochic acid Ⅱ, aristolactam Ⅰ and aristolochic acid Ⅰ had good linear relationships in the linear range. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of precision, stability and reproducibility tests were all less than 3.0%, the recovery was 97.06%-101.84% (RSD<3.0%). The contents of aristolochic acid Ⅰ, aristolochic acid Ⅱ, aristolochic acid Ⅲa, aristolochic acid Ⅳa, and aristolactam Ⅰ in 21 batches of <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers were 0.938 6-3.567 5, 1.377 6-3.688 1, 0.056 3-0.527 7, 0.108 8-0.305 5, 0.021 0-0.081 7 mg·g<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Conclusion:The content of aristolochic acids in <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers has a certain difference, the contents of aristolochic acid Ⅰ and Ⅱ are higher than other aristolochic acids. The established method is rapid, simple, accurate and reliable, which can provide reference for the quality control and evaluation of <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the adverse reactions of Xuebijing injection (XBJJ) are mainly pseudoallergic reactions and explore the influencing factors of its pseudoallergic reactions. Method:Mouse model of pseudoallergic reaction was used to study the anaphylactoid reaction of XBJJ which at 0.5, 1 and 2 times of the highest clinical concentration. Next, we compared the differences in pseudoallergic reactions caused by XBJJ for different storage times after preparation. Specifically, XBJJ was prepared into different concentrations, stored for 10 minutes, 2.5 hours, 6 hours and 24 hours, and then injected into the tail vein of mice. Finally, three different injection speeds of 3 seconds, 45 seconds and 90 seconds were selected for XBJJ injection, and then the differences in the paeudoallergic reactions induced by XBJJ in mice under different injection speeds were compared. Result:XBJJ induces pseudoallergic reactions in mice when the drug concentration is higher than the clinically recommended concentration. Compared with storage for 10 minutes after preparation, the degree of pseudoallergic reaction in mice induced by the same concentration of XBJJ increased with the extension of storage time. In addition, when XBJJ was injected in 3 s (the injection rate was 0.083 mL·s<sup>-1</sup>), it produced the strongest pseudoallergic reaction. Conclusion:The adverse reactions induced by XBJJ are mainly pseudoallergic reactions. Excessive storage time after preparation and fast injection speed of XBJJ will lead to aggravation of pseudoallergic reactions in mice. When XBJJ is used clinically, it should strictly follow the usage, dosage, concentration, and drip rate recommended in the drug instruction manual. Rational drug use is of positive significance for improving the safety of XBJJ.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905987

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the characteristics of four commonly adopted animal models of hyperuricemia (HUA) for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) screening, so as to choose the adequate model for screening Chinese herbs and herbal compounds capable of lowering the uric acid. Method:Fifty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into nine groups, namely the normal group, hypoxanthine (HX) + oxonic acid potassium salt (OAPS) model group, yeast extract (YE) + OAPS model group, low-dose adenine (AD) + ethambutol (EMB) model group, high-dose AD + EMB model group, and four positive drug allopurinol (Allo) groups. The modeling lasted for 14 d. The levels of serum uric acid (SUA), urinary uric acid (UUA), serum creatinine (SCr), urea nitrogen (BUN), kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were detected on the 3rd, 7th, and 14th days. Urine was collected on the 7th and 14th days to investigate changes in urine volume, and the crystals in the residual urine were observed under a polarizing microscope. After the modeling, the kidney was harvested and weighed, followed by pathological examination. Result:The urine volumes in the HX + OAPS model group and high-dose AD + EMB model group were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The renal indexes of each model group, except for the YE + OAPS model group, were significantly elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The increase in SUA of the HX + OAPS model group and YE + OAPS model group started later (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The KIM-1 and NGAL levels of the HX + OAPS model group rose significantly from the 7th day (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the BUN increased significantly on the 14th day (<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in the above-mentioned indicators in the YE + OAPS model group. The SUA levels of the low- and high-dose AD + EMB model groups increased significantly on the 3rd day (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), with a persistent increase found in the low-dose AD + EMB model group. Besides, the increase in BUN, KIM-1, and NGAL occurred later (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). By contrast, the high-dose AD + EMB model group exhibited a transient increase in SUA. Moreover, the SCr, BUN, KIM-1, and NGAL elevation occurred earlier and were more obvious than those in the low-dose AD + EMB model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Remarkable histomorphological abnormalities were detected in the kidney of all model groups, except for the YE+OAPS model group, with the most severe injury present in the high-dose AD+EMB model group. Conclusion:The four models commonly used to screen TCM have their own characteristics. In the four models, the SUA elevation in the HX + OAPS model group and YE + OAPS model group started later, with the mild renal injury observed in the HX + OAPS model group instead of the YE + OAPS model group. The SUA of the low-dose AD + EMB model group increased rapidly and lasted for a long time, accompanied by mild renal injury. The SUA of the high-dose AD + EMB model group only showed a transient increase, accompanied by severe renal injury. The investigation on the characteristics and application of different models and the evaluation of these models based on sensitive and objective indicators are helpful for determining the suitable model for the screening of TCM targeting HUA in the future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the synergistic effect of Xiangdan injection (XDI) and Qingkailing injection (QKLI) in the treatment of inflammation and thrombosis animal model based on changes of thrombus, inflammatory indexes, organ function, and pathological changes. Method:A total of 100 male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal control group, a model group, XDI groups (2.5, 5 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>), QKLI groups (5, 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and XDI + QKLI groups [(2.5+5) mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>,(2.5+10) mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>,(5+5) mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>,and (5+10) mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>] according to the body weight, with 10 rats in each group. Rats were treated correspondingly by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 4 days. The normal control group and the model group received normal saline. On the second day of administration, the model was induced in rats except those in the normal control group. Specifically, 25 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>carrageenan was injected intraperitoneally into the rats, followed by an injection of 50 μg·kg<sup>-1</sup> lipopolysaccharide (LPS) through the tail vein 16 hours later. Twenty-four hours after LPS injection, the rats were detected for liver index, kidney index, the number of platelets (PLT), thrombus length, and biochemical indicators such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the content of inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of heart, liver, lung, and kidney, as well as the grading of organ injury. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased PLT, lengthened thrombus in the tail, increased liver index, elevated content of ALT, ALP, BUN, IL-6, and TNF-<italic>α</italic> (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and damaged liver, lung, and kidney tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the conditions in the model group, XDI at 5 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> reduced serum ALT and ALP in rats (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), QKLI at 5 and 10 mL·kg<sup>-1 </sup>reduced serum levels ALT and ALP, and TNF-<italic>α </italic>content<italic> </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). XDI at 5 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> or QKLI at 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> relieved the LPS-induced lung injury (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the combination of XDI and QKLI decreased the levels of ALT, AST, ALP, and TNF-<italic>α, </italic>and the effect was predominant in the combination of XDI and QKLI at 5 and 10 mL·kg<sup>-1 </sup>(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Additionally, the length of the tail thrombus was significantly shortened (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the degree of lung injury was also reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The serum levels of ALT and BUN, TNF-<italic>α</italic> content, and liver index of rats were reduced after the combination of XDI and QKLI as compared with those in the single drug groups at the same dose (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:XDI or QKLI can improve or inhibit organ function, organ injury, and inflammatory response in the rat model of inflammation and thrombosis. The combination of the two drugs shows a synergistic effect in reducing the length of venous thrombus, improving liver and kidney function, inhibiting inflammatory factors, and protecting lung, liver, kidney, and other organs.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 143-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873724

ABSTRACT

Despite the rapid development of organ transplantation technique, the long-term survival and functional maintenance of transplant organs still depend on the massive use of immunosuppressants.At present, the rejection and infection after organ transplantation remain the major problem facing transplant surgeons and recipients. The basic research in the field of organ transplantation is still steadily advancing to further explore the basic biological principle of rejection and immune tolerance, resolve multiple pathophysiological questions in the process of clinical organ transplantation and provide basic theoretical basis and clinical intervention guidance for wider and more effective application of organ transplantation.In 2020, researchers have achieved significant progresses on a wide range of basic researches of organ transplantation, such as the fundamental principle of immune response, overcoming transplantation rejection and inducing transplantation immune tolerance, etc.In this article, novel attempts and progresses upon inducing transplantation immune tolerance in 2020 were reviewed from two perspectives including inhibition of immune cell function and suppression of immune signaling pathway, and the main development direction of immunology of organ transplantation in the future was prospected.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 972-982, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886986

ABSTRACT

Aristolochic acids (AAs) are widely distributed in Aristolochiaceae, and are important toxic components in medicinal plants of Aristolochiaceae. As one of the most powerful carcinogens in the Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB), AAs can induce hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and other adverse reaction. AAs also can produce a series of metabolites such as AA-DNA adducts in the body, and their specific metabolites can be used as biomarkers for early diagnosis and treatment of related diseases. Thus, the current discovery for technical means that can quickly and accurately detect biomarkers possesses significant research value. AAs can be attenuated by processing, compatibility, molecular breeding, and other methods to improve the clinical safety of Chinese medicine containing AAs. In this review, we report the distribution of AAs, attenuation strategies and biomarker detection. We would like to provide a reference for the quality control of AAs-containing Chinese medicines, as well as for the prevention and control of diseases caused by AAs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the rules of prescription and medication of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome differentiation treatment for insomnia.Methods:We screened the medical records related to insomnia from the ancient medical cases, modern medical cases, famous medical cases and shared medical record database, and then we put data into the Ancient and Modern Medical Case Cloud Platform (V 1.5.7). The platform software Data mining was applied and performed by frequency analysis, correlation analysis, and drug pair analysis. Results:This study collected 664 cases related to insomnia, like difficulty in falling sleep, early waking up, easy to wake up, dreaminess. The top 5 syndromes included internal phlegm-heat, imbalance between heart-yang and kidney-yin, liver stagnation transforming into fire, heart and spleen deficiency, restless mind. There were 664 prescriptions, 414 TCM medications, where the top 5 medications included Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Poria, Rehmanniae Radix, Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Angelicae Sinensis Radix. The effect of high-frequency medications were nourishing the heart and calming the mind, clearing heat and dissipating phlegm, soothing the liver and relieving depression, and nourishing yin and yang. The top five drug-combinations included Ostreae Concha- Longgu, Poria- Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium- Poria, Angelicae Sinensis Radix- Rehmanniae Radix, Bupleuri Radix- Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Conclusions:TCM syndrome differentiation for insomnia focus on the heart. The medications are mainly to nourish the heart and calm the mind, supplemented by clearing heat, replenishing heart and spleen, soothing the liver and relieving stagnation, nourishing yin and blood for the symptoms relief, with treatment priciple of seeking both temporary and permanent solutions.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888080

ABSTRACT

As a dangerous disease with rapid progression, endotoxemia is easy to induce the damage to multiple organs. However, its specific and efficient treatment methods are still lacking at present. Both Qingkailing Injection(QKLI) and Shengmai Injection(SMI) have been proved effective in anti-inflammation, anti-endotoxin and organ protection. In this study, carrageenan and endotoxin were injected successively into rats to establish an endotoxemia model. Different doses of QKLI and SMI were administered to the endotoxemia rats by intraperitoneal injection separately or in combination. Then the count of white blood cells, the number of platelets, the content of cytokines, biochemical indexes, organ coefficient and pathological changes of main organs in the rats were detected. The results showed that the rats in the model group had obvious symptoms of endotoxemia, i.e., leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, increase in cytokines(IL-6 and TNF-α) and biochemical indexes of liver and kidney function as well as pathological damage to liver, kidney and lung. QKLI alone can alleviate the above symptoms of endotoxemia and the organ injury. SMI alone is less effective in improving disseminated intravascular coagulation(DIC) and cytokine secretion complicated with endotoxemia, but capable of reducing the inflammation degree of the lung, liver and kidney. The combination of QKLI and SMI remarkably increased the number of platelets in the peripheral blood, improved the liver and kidney function and reduced inflammatory factors, with lung, liver, kidney and other organ structures protected well. Moreover, the improvement effect of the combination of QKLI and SMI was stronger than those of the two injections alone at fixed doses, indicative of a synergistic effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Endotoxemia/drug therapy , Rats
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2366-2378, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887803

ABSTRACT

Food-borne pathogens pose great risks to human health and public safety, and the formation of biofilm exacerbates their pathogenicity and antimicrobial resistance. Enzymes can target special substances in the biofilm to disintegrate the biofilm of food-borne pathogens, which has great potential for applications. This review summarized the progress of using enzymes to disintegrate the biofilms of food-borne pathogens, highlighting quorum-quenching enzymes, C-di-GMP metabolic enzymes, as well as extracellular matrix hydrolases. Finally, challenges and perspectives on developing enzymes into effective products for disintegrating the biofilms of food-borne pathogens were discussed.


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Humans , Quorum Sensing
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study mechanism of improvement of stress concentration on patellofemoral joint by stiletto needle releasing lateral patellar retinaculum guided by the theory of Jinshugu() and based on the finite element model of knee joint. and to elucidate the biomechanical mechanism of stiletto needle releasing changing patellar trajectory and reducing patellofemoral joint pressure.@*METHODS@#CT data of knee joint from a normal male (aged 29, heighted 171 cm, weighted 58 kg) was selected. Starting with construction of three-dimensional model of knee joint by using finite element software, the finite element model of knee joint with complete tendonand bone structures were established through several steps, such as geometric reconstruction, reverse engineering, meshing, material assignment and loading analysis. The loading condition was set as 500 N load on knee joint, and the average tensile stress of quadriceps femoris tendon was about 200 N. To simulate the release of lateral patellar retinaculum by stiletto needle at 30 and 90 position of knee flexion in finite element model separately, and to compare the improvement of stress concentration of patellofemoral joint by stiletto needle intervention under different knee flexion conditions.@*RESULTS@#The peak stress of patellofemoral joint and tibiofemoral joint decreased after stiletto needle releasing of patellofemoral lateral retinaculum compared with before intervention, which was(1) knee flexion at 30 degrees:patellar cartilage decreased by 0.498 MPa (decreased 9.06%), femoral trochlea decreased by 0.886 MPa(decreased 16.27%);(2) knee flexion at 90 degrees:patellar cartilage decreased by 0.558 MPa (decreased 8.6%), femoral trochlea decreasedby 0.607 MPa (decreased 9.94%).@*CONCLUSION@#Releasing lateral patellofemoral retinaculum with stiletto needle could effectively alleviate the stress concentration of patellofemoral joint and reduce local stress peak value, which it is helpful to improve patellar trajectory and make stress distribution more uniform.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Patella , Patellofemoral Joint , Quadriceps Muscle , Range of Motion, Articular
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879084

ABSTRACT

Since the safety re-evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) injections began in 2009, some TCM injection companies and research institutes have done a lot of work. And with the increase of drug development and drug production technology levels in China, the safety of some TCM injections has been greatly improved. There are safety risks in TCM injections, which are mainly reflected in unclear basis of medicinal materials, simple production process, poor controllability of quality standards, nonstan-dard drug instructions and irrational medication in the use process. This paper describes the research progress of the above-mentioned aspects of TCM injections. In addition, the author team found that adverse reactions of TCM injections are mainly pseudo-allergic reactions. Therefore, a lot of work has been done in detection of pseudo-allergic reactions, mechanism research and risk control. This part of the work is also described in this article.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Hypersensitivity/etiology , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/adverse effects
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect on the joint attention and social communication in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between the combined treatment of acupoint catgut embedding therapy with rehabilitation training and the simple application of rehabilitation training.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 children with ASD were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. In the control group, the routine ASD rehabilitation training was adopted, including conductive education, speech training and music therapy, once a day. In the observation group, on the base of the treatment as the control group, the catgut embedding therapy was applied to Shenting (GV 24), Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7) and the optic area (the point of scalp acupuncture), once a week. In the two groups, the treatment for 4 weeks was as one course, at the interval of 1 week between the courses. A total of 3 courses of treatment were required. The social domain of the autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC) and the autism behavior checklist (ABC) were adopted to assess the therapeutic effect of the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of each item of the social domain in ATEC and the scores of ABC (feeling, communication, physical movement, language and healthy behavior) were all lower than those before treatment in the two groups (<0.01). The scores of each item in the observation group were lower than those in the control group after treatment (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The combined treatment of acupoint catgut embedding therapy with the rehabilitation training effectively improves in the joint attention and social communication. The therapeutic effect of this combined treatment is better than the simple application of rehabilitation training.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873145

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by 2019 new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. The disease is highly contagious and people are generally susceptible to it. New coronavirus pneumonia is mainly transmitted by respiratory droplets and close contact, but there is also a possibility of aerosol infection. At present, the outbreak of new coronavirus pneumonia has spread rapidly to all parts of the world. However, there is still no specific drug in clinical treatment. After the outbreak, the National Health Commission organized relevant experts to launch a series of diagnosis and treatment programs, including traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment programs from the Trial Version 3. Chinese medicine injections were applied from the Trial Version 4. In this paper, the applications of Chinese medicine injections, which were recommended in the Trial Version 7 of Diagnosis and Treatment Protocol for COVID-19, in respiratory infectious diseases were summarized. Besides, the potential roles of Chinese medicine injections in the treatment of new coronavirus pneumonia were discussed, in order to provide theoretical basis for the reasonable application of Chinese medicine injection in COVID-19 treatment.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872414

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the improving effect of muscle regions of meridians needling method on the upper limb function in children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegic type. Methods: A total of 100 children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegia type were divided into a treatment group and a control group according to the visiting sequence, with 50 cases in each group. The control group was treated with conventional rehabilitation plus conventional acupuncture treatment. The treatment group was treated with conventional rehabilitation plus muscle regions of meridians needling method. The electromyography (EMG) signal values of triceps brachii and pronator teres were detected before treatment, and 3 months and 6 months after treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Peabody developmental motor scale-fine motor (PDMS-FM) and fine motor function measure (FMFM). Results: Three and six months after treatment, the EMG signal values of triceps brachii and pronator teres, grasping scores and visual-motor integrated scores of PDMS-FM and the FMFM scores in both groups increased to varying degrees compared with the same group before treatment, and the intra-group differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). Six months after treatment, the results of the above three items in the treatment group were all better than those in the control group, and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Muscle regions of meridians needling method added on the basis of conventional rehabilitation can effectively reduce the muscle tone of upper limb and enhance the muscle strength, and improve the upper limb function in children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegia type. The efficacy is superior to that of the conventional rehabilitation plus conventional acupuncture treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870404

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for anastomotic leakage (AL) after laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (Lap-ISR) for patients with low-lying rectal cancer.Methods This retrospective study was conducted in the Characteristic Medical Center of PLA Rocket Force from Jun 2011 to Nov 2018.151 patients undergoing Lap-ISR were enrolled for this study.Results All patients in this series had a defunctioning ileostomy.The overall leakage rate was 17.2% (26/151),including peri-operative AL (n =20) and delayed AL (n =6).In accordance with the grading system of the International Study Group of Rectal Cancer,there were 24 patients (15.9%) with AL Grade B (requiring active therapeutic intervention) and two patients (1.3%) with AL Grade C (requiring re-laparotomy).Univariate analysis showed that BMI (≥ 25 kg/m2),tumor annularity (≥ 3/4) and operation time (≥ 240 min) were associated with AL (P < 0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that operation time (≥ 240 min,OR =7.390,95% CI:2.483-21.988,P =0.000),tumor annularity (≥ 3/4,OR =6.233,95% CI:1.932-20.107,P=0.002) and higher BMI (≥ 25 kg/m2,OR=3.523,95% CI:1.275-9.738,P=0.015)were independently predictive of AL Conclusion Tumor annularity,operation time and higher BMI are independently associated with symptomatic AL after Lap-ISR.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL