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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912994

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the application value of CT-guided microcoil localization in pulmonary nodule (diameter≤15 mm) surgery. Methods    The clinical data of 175 patients with pulmonary nodules who underwent single utility port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from August 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether CT-guided coil localization was performed before operation, they were divided into a locating group and a non-locating group. There were 84 patients (34 males, 50 females, aged 57.8±8.8 years) in the locating group and 91 patients (46 males, 45 females, aged 57.6±10.8 years) in the non-locating group. The localization success rate, localization time, incidence of complications, surgical and postoperative conditions were analyzed between the two groups. Results    All 84 patients in the locating group were successfully located, and localization time was 19.0±3.6 minutes. Among them, 19 (22.6%) patients had a small pneumothorax, 4 (4.8%) pulmonary hemorrhage and 2 (2.4%) coil shift; 6 (7.1%) patients had mild pain, 3 (3.6%) moderate pain and 1 (1.2%) severe pain. Sex (P=0.181), age (P=0.673), nodule location (P=0.167), nature of lesion (P=0.244), rate of conversion to thoracotomy (P=0.414), rate of disposable resection of nodules (P=0.251) and postoperative hospital stay (P=0.207) were similar between the two groups. There were significant differences in nodule size (P<0.001), nature of nodule (P<0.001), the shortest distance from nodule to pleura (P<0.001), operation time (P<0.001), lung volume by wedge resection (P=0.031), number of staplers (P<0.001) and total hospitalization costs (P<0.001) between the two groups. Conclusion    CT-guided microcoil localization has the characteristics of high success rate, and is simple, practicable, effective, safe and minimally invasive. Preoperative CT-guided microcoil localization has important clinical application value for small pulmonary nodules, especially those with small size, deep location and less solid components. It can effectively shorten the operation time, reduce surgical trauma and lower hospitalization costs, which is a preoperative localization technique worthy of popularization.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936246

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the incidence of symptomatic torus tubarius hypertrophy (TTH) in recurred OSA in children, and to explore the preliminary experience of partial resection of TTH assisted with radiofrequency ablation. Methods: From January 2004 to February 2020, 4 922 children, who diagnosed as OSA and received adenotonsillectomy at the Department of Otolaryngology, The 4th Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital, were retrospectively reviewed. There were 3 266 males and 1 656 females, the age ranged from 1 to 14 years old(median age of 5.0 years). Twenty-two cases were identified with recurrence of OSA syndrome, and the clinical data, including sex, age of primary operation, age of recurrence and presentation, and opertation methods were analyzed. Follow-up was carried out by outpatient visit or telephone. Graphpad prism 5.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Twenty-two cases were identified as recurred OSA and received revised surgery in 4 922 cases. Among these 22 cases, 11 cases were diagnosed as TTH resulting in an incidence of 2.23‰(11/4 922), 1 case was cicatricial adhesion on tubal torus (0.20‰, 1/4 922), 10 cases were residual adenoid combined with tubal tonsil hypertrophy (2.03‰, 10/4 922). Median age of primary operation was 3.0 years (range:2.4 to 6.0 years) in 11 TTH cases. Recurrent interval varied from 2 months to 5.5 years (2.4±1.9 years) after first operation. Age of revised partial resection of TTH was 7.0±2.7 years (range: 4.0 to 12.0 years). Average time interval between primary operation and revised operation was 3.5±2.1 years (range: 0.5 to 6.0 years). Individualized treatments were carried out based on partial resection of TTH assisted with radiofrequency ablation. All of 11 cases received satisfied therapeutic results without nasopharyngeal stenosis occured. Twenty-two cases were followed up for 1.6 to 13 years (median follow-up time was 6.2 years). Conclusions: TTH contributed to recurred OSA in child. TTH might be misdiagnosed as tubal tonsil hypertrophy. Partial resection of TTH assisted with radiofrequency ablation was a safty and effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Adenoidectomy , Adenoids/surgery , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Hypertrophy/surgery , Infant , Male , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940313

ABSTRACT

Through consulting the ancient herbs, medical books and modern literature, this paper made textual research on the name, origin, producing area, quality evaluation, collection and processing of medicinal materials of Sang (Mori Folium, Mori Cortex, Mori Ramulus, Mori Fructus) in famous classical formulas, in order to provide a basis for the development of famous classical formulas containing medicinal materials of Sang. According to the research, Mori Folium and Mori Cortex were first used as medicines in Shengnong Bencaojing , Mori Ramulus was first used as medicine in Jinxiaofang, and Mori Fructus was first used as medicine in Xinxiu Bencao. Before the Tang dynasty, there were Nyusang and Shansang. Since Tang dynasty, there were many sources of medicinal materials of Sang, including Baisang (Morus alba), Jisang (M. australis), Shansang (M. mongolica), etc. According to textual research, the mainstream varieties were M. australis, M. alba and their cultivated varieties. In modern times, according to the relevant information and the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, M. alba is the original base. In ancient times, the origin of mulberry changed with the development of sericulture, mulberry has been widely planted since the Song dynasty. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, mulberry has been planted most in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. In modern times, they are mainly produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Hunan and other places. In recent years, due to the related policies and strategies such as "moving silkworms from east to west", the center of silkworm breeding has gradually transferred to the west. As for the quality evaluation and harvesting and processing of mulberry medicinal materials, Most of the ancient and modern records of Mori Folium are the same. They are harvested after frost, and dried after removing impurities. The quality is better when the leaves are large and thick, yellowish green, holding prickly hands and undergoing frost. The harvesting period of Mori Cortex is slightly different in ancient and modern records. Ancient books record that it can be harvested all the year round, but in modern times, it is mostly harvested from late autumn to the next spring. The processing methods include removing soil and fibrous roots, scraping off yellow-brown rough skin, peeling off white skin and drying in the sun. The quality is better when they are white, thick, flexible, free of rough skin and full of powder. There are few records about the collection, processing and quality evaluation of Mori Ramulus and Mori Fructus in ancient Chinese herbal books. According to modern literature, Mori Ramulus is usually collected in late spring and early summer, with leaves removed, slightly dried, sliced while fresh, and dried in the sun. The best quality of Mori Ramulus is fine and tender with the yellow and white section. Mori Fructus is harvested from April to June when the fruit turns red, and dried in the sun, or slightly steamed and dried in the sun, and it is better to be big, dark purple, oily and thick. There are many processing methods of mulberry medicinal materials. Ancient books record stir frying, baking, burning and steaming of Mori Folium, in modern times, there is honey-roasted method, but most of them are used as raw products. In ancient materia medica, Mori Cortex has firing method, baking method, stir-frying method, honey-fried method, etc. In modern times, there are stir-fried and honey-fried methods, and most of them are used as raw products. Ancient books record that Mori Ramulus has cutting and frying methods, while modern ones have cutting, frying, wine-processed and bran-processed methods. Processing methods of Mori Fructus are consistent in ancient and modern times, and they are mostly dried after being cleaned or steamed. Based on the research results, it is suggested that M. alba should be selected as mulberry medicinal materials in the famous classical formulas, and appropriate medicinal parts and processing methods can be selected according to the indications of the famous classical formulas.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935267

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the Staphylococcal enterotoxins, Staphylococcal enterotoxin genes, drug resistance and molecular typing of 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 2 food-borne illness outbreaks on 21 August and 27 September 2020 in Guangzhou. Methods: A total of 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 2 outbreaks were analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and spa typing. The Staphylococcal enterotoxins typing and the Staphylococcal enterotoxin genes of the isolates were analyzed by ELISA and PCR, respectively. The antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was performed by disc diffusion. 21 Staphylococcus aureus isolates were characterized using whole genome sequencing (WGS). Based on the whole genome single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), the phylogenetic tree was constructed by Snippy. Results: 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates were divided into 2 types by MLST and spa typing: ST6-t701 and ST7-t091. 2 ST7-t091 isolates were identified as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). 25 ST7-t091 isolates and 14 ST6-t701 isolates were methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), and were resistant to 7 and 6 antibiotics, respectively. All isolates were positive for sea by PCR. WGS revealed all 21 isolates carried scn, sak, sea, hla, hld, hlgA, hlgB, hlgC, lukD virulence genes. The results showed the isolates contained an immune evasion cluster type D which located in bacteriophage ϕSa3. The SNP phylogenetic tree showed 2 MRSA ST7-t091 were constituted a separate clade from the 12 MSSA ST7-t091 isolates and 7 ST6-t701 isolates showed high similarity to each other. Conclusion: Base on the results of phylogenetic analysis, the 2 food-borne illness outbreaks occurred on 21 August and 27 September 2020 are caused by the combination of the MRSA ST7-t091 strain and the MSSA ST7-t091 strain, and the MSSA ST6-t701 strain, respectively. All isolates have high level of antibiotic resistance and carry high virulent genes.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Disease Outbreaks , Foodborne Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multilocus Sequence Typing/methods , Phylogeny , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934904

ABSTRACT

@#Objective  To evaluate the role of surgical resection on synchronous multiple pulmonary nodules identified difficultly in clinics. Methods  The clinical data of 97 patients with synchronous multiple pulmonary nodules who received surgical resection between 2012 and 2019 in Hunan Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 72 males and 25 females, aged 58.1卤9.0 years. Among these patients, there were 78 patients with ipsilateral and 19 patients with bilateral pulmonary nodules. Clinicopathological parameters between main nodules and secondary nodules were evaluated. Perioperative morbidity was also assessed. Results  The operation was successfully completed on all patients for the ipsilateral and bilateral lesions. Totally, 71.1% of mian lesions was mostly removed by lobectomy, and the completion rate of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was 69.1% (67/97); 80.4% of secondary lesions were mostly removed by wedge resection, and the completion rate of VATS was 71.1% (69/97). The incidence of grade 3 or higher complications after unilateral or bilateral surgery was 12.8% and 5.3%, respectively. Postoperative pathology confirmed that the main lesions were malignant in 65 patients (67.0%), mainly adenocarcinoma (63.1%), of which 43.1%were in the stage Ⅰ; 32 patients were benign, mainly tuberculoma (56.3%). There were 29 patients of malignant secondary lesions, 67 benign, and 1 both benign and malignant; the pathological agreement rate of primary and secondary lesions was 54.6% (lung cancer metastases in the lung and all the benign). When the primary lesion was malignant with its diameters of <3 cm, 3-<5 cm, 5-7 cm, >7 cm, the metastatic rate of secondary lesions was 42.5%, 15.8%, 20.0%, 0, respectively. When the primary lesion was malignant with lymph node metastasis, the probability of the secondary lesion being a metastatic tumor was higher than that without lymph node metastasis (46.7% vs. 30.0%, P>0.05). When the primary lesion was malignant and the primary and secondary lesions were located in the same lobe, the secondary lesions were more likely to metastasize (54.5%), while when they were located on different lobes on the same side or different sides, the secondary lesions were more likely to be benign (58.1%, 72.7%), and the possibility of metastasis was small ( 32.6%, 9.1%). When the primary lesion was benign and clinical differential diagnosis was difficult, the secondary lesion was benign. Conclusion    For synchronous multiple pulmonary nodules, the diameter of the primary lesion is large, the metastatic rate of secondary lesions tends to decrease. In ipsilateral synchronous multiple pulmonary nodules, especially with node metastasis, the risk of metastatic nodule increases. Bilateral surgical resection does not significantly increase the perioperative morbidity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931259

ABSTRACT

Recombinant human interferon α2b(rhIFNα2b)is widely used as an antiviral therapy agent for the treatment of hepatitis B and hepatitis C.The current identification test for rhIFNα2b is complex.In this study,an anti-rhIFNα2b nanobody was discovered and used for the development of a rapid lateral flow strip for the identification of rhIFNα2b.RhIFNα2b was used to immunize an alpaca,which established a phage nanobody library.After five steps of enrichment,the nanobody I22,which specifically bound rhIFNα2b,was isolated and inserted into the prokaryotic expression vector pET28a.After subsequent purification,the physicochemical properties of the nanobody were determined.A semiquantitative detection and rapid identification assay of rhIFNα2b was developed using this novel nanobody.To develop a rapid test,the nanobody I22 was coupled with a colloidal gold to produce lateral-flow test strips.The developed rhIFNα2b detection assay had a limit of detection of 1 μg/mL.The isolation of I22 and successful construction of a lateral-flow immunochromatographic test strip demonstrated the feasibility of performing ligand-binding assays on a lateral-flow test strip using recombinant protein products.The principle of this novel assay is generally applicable for the rapid testing of other com-mercial products,with a great potential for routine use in detecting counterfeit recombinant protein products.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive factors of secondary pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:The patients who were hospitalized and diagnosed with COPD in Huai′an Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from September 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled, and the pulmonary systolic pressure were estimated by echocardiography. The patients were divided into simple COPD group and COPD combined with PH group. The general clinical data, hematology indexes, and pulmonary function indexes of each group were collected and analyzed to explore the predictive value of the above factors on the occurrence of PH in COPD.Results:The levels of average blood platelet volume (MPV), red blood cell distribution width (RDW), and logarithmic functionof amino-terminal brain natriuretic precursor (lgNT-proBNP) in the in the COPD combined with PH group were higher than those in the simple COPD group: (11.91 ± 2.60) fl vs. (10.39 ± 1.44) fl, (14.25 ± 2.49)% vs. (12.56 ± 1.12)%, (2.82 ± 0.54) ng/L vs. (2.22 ± 0.38) ng/L; the ratio of forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV 1) and force vital capacity (FVC) and the percentage of FEV 1 to the predicted value (FEV 1%) were lower than those in the simple COPD group: (51.43 ± 8.07)% vs. (59.99 ± 8.33)%, (37.00 ± 12.62)% vs. (48.28 ± 15.10)%, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the changes of MPV( OR = 1.401, P = 0.015), RDW ( OR = 1.769, P = 0.013), lgNT-proBNP ( OR = 6.959, P<0.001), FEV 1/FVC( OR = 0.905, P<0.001) were closely related to the occurrence of PH in COPD. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of MPV, RDW, NT-proBNP combined detection in diagnosis of PH was the largest (0.873). Conclusions:The changes in NT-proBNP, RDW, MPV, FEV 1/FVC have a certain predictive value for COPD patients with PH. The combined detection of three hematological indicators can better predict the presence of PH in COPD patients than single detection or combined detection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930909

ABSTRACT

Analysis of the layout and proportion of classic and innovative surgical procedures of bariatric and metabolic surgery throughout the world, the sleeve gastrectomy is beco-ming the most accepted and respected surgical procedure with its increasingly prominent advan-tages, and its operation number has even exceeded the "gold standard" surgery of the roux-en-Y gastric bypass. This trend is even more pronounced in China. With a small number of physicians lacking experience in gastrointestinal surgery and more and more young physicians joining in the field of bariatric and metabolic surgery, operation related complications and the consequences of insufficient perioperative management experience have occurred successively in clinical practice, such as gastrointestinal leakage, bleeding, lumen and anastomotic stenosis, internal hernia and obstruction, venous thromboembolism, etc. Bariatric and metabolic surgery is a branch of gastro-intestinal surgery, and physicians in the field should have the ability to prevent, predict and manage short- and long-term complications after surgery. The authors believe that through the comprehen-sive evaluation of laboratory indexes, patient signs and related examinations, physicians should have the basic qualities of decisively choosing the surgical timing, choosing the right decision-making, and taking effective measures.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927654

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore associations between lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and the risk of cardiovascular events in a Chinese population, with a long-term follow-up.@*Methods@#A random sample of 2,031 participants (73.6% males, mean age = 60.4 years) was derived from the Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities Community study (APAC) from 2010 to 2011. Serum Lp-PLA2 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The composite endpoint was a combination of first-ever stroke, myocardial infarction (MI) or all-cause death. Lp-PLA2 associations with outcomes were assessed using Cox models.@*Results@#The median Lp-PLA2 level was 141.0 ng/mL. Over a median follow-up of 9.1 years, we identified 389 events (19.2%), including 137 stroke incidents, 43 MIs, and 244 all-cause deaths. Using multivariate Cox regression, when compared with the lowest Lp-PLA2 quartile, the hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals for developing composite endpoints, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular events, and all-cause death were 1.77 (1.24-2.54), 1.92 (1.03-3.60), 1.69 (1.003-2.84), and 1.94 (1.18-3.18) in the highest quartile, respectively. Composite endpoints in 145 (28.6%) patients occurred in the highest quartile where Lp-PLA2 (159.0 ng/mL) was much lower than the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists recommended cut-off point, 200 ng/mL.@*Conclusion@#Higher Lp-PLA2 levels were associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular event/death in a middle-aged Chinese population. The Lp-PLA2 cut-off point may be lower in the Chinese population when predicting cardiovascular events.


Subject(s)
1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase/blood , Asians , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Stroke/blood
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925686

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Emerging evidence has shown that SKP1-cullin-1-F-box-protein (SCF) E3 ligases contribute to the pathogenesis of different cancers by mediating the ubiquitination and degradation of tumor suppressors. However, the functions of SCF E3 ligases in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) remain obscure. @*Materials and Methods@#The cancerous and adjacent noncancerous tissues from CRC patients were collected, and protein levels were analyzed. Lentiviral short hairpin RNA (shRNA) and plasmid transfection were used to knock down and overexpress gene expression in CRC cell lines. Immunoprecipitation (IP), mass spectrometry, and co-IP analyses were used to determine protein interactions and the assembly of the SCF complex. Cell proliferation, migration, and tumor xenograft assays were performed to examine the effects of SCF members on CRC cell growth in vitro and in vivo. @*Results@#Hypoxia activated the docking of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) onto the CUL1 promoter and induced CUL1 expression in CRC cells. CUL1 coupled with RBX1, SKP1, and FBXL1 to assemble the SCFFBXL1 complex in CRC biopsies and cells. The SCFFBXL1 E3 ligase specifically ubiquitinated and degraded the MEN1 tumor suppressor. Knockdown of HIF1α or SCFFBXL1 members, or blockage of SCFFBXL1 by two inhibitors (DT204 and SZLP1-41) caused the accumulation of MEN1 protein and led to a significant decrease in cell proliferation and migration in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. @*Conclusion@#The SCFFBXL1 E3 ligase is required for the ubiquitination of MEN1, and disruption of this complex may represent a new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of CRC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of modified Shaoyao Gancao decoction in the treatment of hyperprolactinemia caused by amisulpride. Methods:Ninety patients with hyperprolactinemia caused by amisulpride who received treatment in Kangci Hospital from June 2018 to October 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into the placebo control, control and observation groups ( n = 30/group). The placebo control group was treated with the decoction with the taste and color (without drug ingredients) similar to that of modified Shaoyao Gancao decoction. The control group was treated with Shaoyao Gancao decoction. The observation group was treated with modified Shaoyao Gancao decoction. All patients were treated for 8 weeks. Clinical efficacy, serum prolactin level and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale score before and after treatment, Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale score after treatment, glucose and lipid metabolism, liver and kidney function before and after treatment were compared among the three groups. Results:The effective rate in the placebo control, control and observation groups was 90.0% (27/30), 96.7% (29/30) and 100.0% (30/30), respectively, and the difference among the three groups was statistically significant (χ 2 = 7.027, P < 0.05). After treatment, serum prolactin level in the observation group [(48.2 ± 15.7) μg/L] was significantly lower than that in the control group [(52.5 ± 13.7) μg/L] and placebo control group [(57.7 ± 16.9) μg/L, t = 7.134, 7.034, both P < 0.05]. After treatment, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale score in the observation group [(51.02 ± 3.98) points] was significantly lower than that in the control group [(54.07 ± 4.19) points] and placebo control group [(58.13 ± 4.24) points, t = 5.813, 6.317, both P < 0.05]. After treatment, Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale score in the observation group [(5.2 ± 1.3) points] was significantly higher than that in the control group [(4.9 ± 1.4) points] and placebo control group [(4.4 ± 1.2) points, t = 7.011, 7.231, both P < 0.05]. After treatment, blood glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, total cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase levels in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the placebo control and control groups (all P < 0.05). Serum level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the placebo control and control groups (both P < 0.05). Conclusion:Modified Shaoyao Gancao decoction is highly effective in the treatment of hyperprolactinemia caused by amisulpride. It can reduce serum prolactin level and has good safety.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873542

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety and feasibility of laryngeal mask general anesthesia as a replacement of tracheal intubation general anesthesia in the "three-port" thoracoscopic thymectomy via subxiphoid and subcostal arch for thymoma patients without myasthenia. Methods    From January 2018 to June 2019, clinical data of patients with thymoma who underwent the novel "three-port" operation in our institution were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups according to the anesthesia methods, including a tracheal intubation general anesthesia group and a laryngeal mask general anesthesia group. There were 70 patients in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group, including 42 males and 28 females, with an average age of 45.83±15.89 years. There were 39 patients in the laryngeal mask general anesthesia group, including 26 males and 13 females, with an average age of 43.31±15.64 years. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Results    The baseline characteristics of the patients in the two groups were well balanced (P>0.05). No massive bleeding, conversion to thoracotomy, postoperative myasthenia or death occurred in those patients. No patient with laryngeal mask anesthesia had a conversion to tracheal intubation anesthesia during the operation. There was no significant difference in the operation time, intraoperative bleeding, intraoperative maximum partial pressure of CO2, lowest partial pressure of oxygen and anesthesia effect score between the two groups (P>0.05). There was also no statistical difference in postoperative aspiration, gastrointestinal discomfort, length of hospital stay, pain score and patient satisfaction degree between the two groups (P>0.05). However, the anesthesia time before operation and the time of awake after anesthesia in the laryngeal mask anesthesia group were significantly shorter than those in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group (P<0.05), and the incidence of transient arrhythmia, laryngeal discomfort and hoarseness in the laryngeal mask general anesthesia group was significantly lower than that in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group (P<0.05). Conclusion    The "three-port" thoracoscopic thymectomy via subxiphoid and subcostal arch under laryngeal mask general anesthesia is safe and feasible in the treatment of thymoma without myasthenia, and can be recommended routinely.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942620

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the expression of Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) in nasal polyps (NPs) tissues and the potential role on apoptosis of primary human nasal epithelial cells (pHNECs) in NPs. Methods: The expression level of RUNX1 in NPs tissues was determined by Western blot (WB) and immunohistochemical staining (IHC). In vitro, TNF-α (20 ng/ml) was used to stimulate pHNECs to establish the apoptosis injury model. Hoechst staining was performed to observe pHNECs apoptosis by kit. Subsequently, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and WB were utilized to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2), BCL2-associated X (BAX) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 (Caspase-3) to assess the level of apoptosis. The plasmid of sh-RUNX1-6 was transfected into the pHNECs apoptosis model, then the effect of RUNX1 silence on apoptosis was evaluated by WB and flow cytometry. Statistical analysis was performed by the SPSS 19.0 and GraphPad Prism5 software. Results: The expression of RUNX1 in NPs tissue was significantly higher than that in inferior turbinates, and the difference was statistically significant (0.274±0.042 vs 0.110±0.027, t=9.675, P<0.05). Compared with the inferior turbinates, BAX and Caspase-3 expressions were increased whereas BCL-2 was decreased in NPs, and the differences were statistically significant (BAX 0.346±0.032 vs 0.302±0.037, Caspase-3 0.228±0.061 vs 0.158±0.065, BCL-2 0.090±0.047 vs 0.276±0.057, t value was 2.680, 2.361 and 7.575, respectively, all P<0.05). The expression levels of RUNX1 and apoptosis in pHNECs increased in a time-dependent manner after TNF-α exposure (P<0.05). Plasmid of sh-RUNX1-6 transfected silenced the expression of RUNX1 in pHNECs treated by TNF-α. After silencing RUNX1 in pHNECs apoptosis model, the protein levels of BAX and Caspase-3 were decreased, while the expression of BCL-2 was increased, the rate of apoptosis was decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions: RUNX1 is increased in NPs. Silencing RUNX1 can inhibit the apoptosis and reduce cell inflammatory damage of pHNECs induced by TNF-α.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Nasal Polyps , Turbinates
14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 726-729, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore expressions of interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) in the peripheral blood of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and their clinical significances.Methods:The clinical data of 78 newly diagnosed patients with DLBCL from March 2018 to March 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University were retrospectively analyzed, and 58 healthy people receiving physical examination during the same period were taken as the healthy controls. The expressions levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in peripheral blood were tested by using cytometric bead array (CBA), and the association of the levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 with clinical characteristics, disease staging and prognosis was analyzed.Results:The expression levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in DLBCL group were higher than those in the healthy control group [(171.81±70.91) pg/ml vs. (2.71±0.28) pg/ml, (47.95±13.04) pg/ml vs. (3.69±0.47) pg/ml, (38.02±10.35) pg/ml vs. (1.77±0.23) pg/ml], and differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.38, 3.39, 3.50, all P<0.05). In DLBCL group, the expression levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in patient with bone marrow invasion, international prognostic index (IPI) 3-5 scores and clinical staging Ⅲ-Ⅳ were higher than those in patients with bone marrow non-invasion, IPI 1-2 scores and clinical stagingⅠ-Ⅱ(all P<0.05). There was a relationship between the expression levels of IL-6 and IL-8, IL-6 and IL-10, IL-8 and IL-10 in peripheral blood of DLBCL patients ( r2 value was 0.93, 0.89, 0.89, respectively; all P < 0.05). Among patients with high expressions of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10, the proportion of patients not receiving remission after 6 cycles of treatment in clinical staging Ⅲ-Ⅳ was higher than that of patients with high expressions of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 alone or any two of them, and differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:There is a high correlation of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 expression levels; the increasing expression levels of them may predict the later disease stage and poor prognosis for DLBCL patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921645

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effects of chikusetsu saponin Ⅳa(CHS Ⅳa) on isoproterenol(ISO)-induced myocardial hypertrophy in rats and explored the underlying molecular mechanism. ISO was applied to establish a rat model of myocardial hypertrophy, and CHS Ⅳa(5 and 15 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) was used for intervention. The tail artery blood pressure was measured. Cardiac ultrasound examination was performed. The ratio of heart weight to body weight(HW/BW) was calculated. Morphological changes in the myocardial tissue were observed by HE staining. Collagen deposition in the myocardial tissue was observed by Masson staining. The mRNA expression of myocardial hypertrophy indicators(ANP and BNP), autophagy-related genes(Atg5, P62 and beclin1), and miR199 a-5 p was detected by qRT-PCR. Atg5 protein expression was detected by Western blot. The results showed that the model group exhibited increased tail artery blood pressure and HW/BW ratio, thickened left ventricular myocardium, enlarged myocardial cells, disordered myocardial fibers with widened interstitium, and a large amount of collagen aggregating around the extracellular matrix and blood vessels. ANP and BNP were largely expressed. Moreover, P62 expression was up-regulated, while beclin1 expression was down-regulated. After intervention by CHS Ⅳa at different doses, myocardial hypertrophy was ameliorated and autophagy activity in the myocardial tissue was enhanced. Meanwhile, miR199 a-5 p expression declined and Atg5 expression increased. As predicted by bioinformatics, Atg5 was a target gene of miR199 a-5 p. CHS Ⅳa was capable of preventing myocardial hypertrophy by regulating autophagy of myocardial cells through the miR-199 a-5 p/Atg5 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cardiomegaly/genetics , Isoproterenol , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Oleanolic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Rats , Saponins/pharmacology
16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 289-294, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882486

ABSTRACT

Bariatric and metabolic surgery has been in China for more than 30 years, which has developed rapidly. However, it can be predicted that there will be many opportunities and challenges in the future development of bariatric and metabolic surgery, including the replacement of classic surgical methods, the guarantee of surgical safety, the brave exploration of new surgical methods, the decisive abandonment of bad surgical methods, the implementation of surgical standardization, and the breakthrough of basic and clinical research all mean more efforts. With the continuous rise of the incidence rate of metabolic syndrome and the continuous improvement of people′s health needs, these opportunities and challenges are particularly significant. Bariatric and metabolic surgery will also play a crucial role in overcoming obesity and metabolic diseases.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869308

ABSTRACT

Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental pathogenic bacteria associated with a series of infections. NTM infection can cause pathological changes of related tissues and organs, namely NTM disease. With the further improvement of examination methods, there is more profound understanding of NTM disease, and its epidemiological significance. This article summarizes the research progress on the cell structure, physiological characteristics, pathogenicity, distribution characteristics of NTM; and the morbidity and prevalence, transmission routes and risk factors of NTM disease, to provide information for effective control and treatment of NTM infections.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the short-term efficacy of 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prosthesis in the treatment of primary malignant bone tumors of the pubis.Methods:From June 2017 to May 2019, a total of 5 patients with pubic primary malignant tumor received type Ⅲ hemipelvectomy and reconstruction with a 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prosthesis at Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital. They were 3 males and 2 females with an average age of 36.3 years (range, from 26 to 46 years). Of them, 3 underwent resection of the upper pubic ramus and 2 resection of both pubic rami. All their tumors were chondrosarcomas, with one case of Enneking stage Ⅱa and 4 cases of Enneking stage Ⅱb. Preoperative CT/MRI image fusion was used to determine the tumor-free resection margin, design guide templates for osteotomy and prosthesis, and simulate surgical procedures. A total of 5 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prostheses were designed, including 3 ones with an intramedullary stem to preserve partial pubis and 2 ones with a non-intramedullary stem not to preserve the pubis. The functional recovery was assessed by Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores. The prosthetic position and osseointegration were evaluated by imaging examination. Oncological outcomes and complications were recorded.Results:R0 resection and precise reconstruction were accomplished in all patients. Their intraoperative blood loss ranged from 300 to 3, 700 mL (mean, 1, 680 mL), operation time from 180 to 430 min (mean, 294 min), and follow-up time from 13 to 29 months (mean, 20.6 months). All the 5 patients were alive with no evidence of disease or tumor recurrence. The functional MSTS scores at the final follow-up ranged from 29 to 31 (mean, 29.8). One male patient complained of erectile dysfunction. Fretting wear around the prosthetic stem was found in 3 patients while bone wear on the normal pubic side in 2. Osseointegration was observed in all patients with no complications like deep infection, prosthesis dislocation, prosthetic or screw breakage.Conclusion:Since 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prostheses can result in fine short-term efficacy for pubic primary malignant bone tumors, they may be a reliable method to reconstruct pelvic malignant tumors.

19.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 228-232, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between angiopoietin-like protein 4(ANGPTL4) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) in serum and lower limb arterial lesions in Type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:Using the method of retrospective cohort study, 164 inpatients with type 2 diabetes admitted to the Department of Endocrinology, Dahua hospital, Xuhui District, Shanghai from October 2017 to December 2018 were selected as the type 2 diabetes group, and 69 healthy people in the same period were collected as the normal control group.According to the ankle brachial index<0.9, diabetic patients were divided into two groups: the group without lower extremity artery disease and the group with lower extremity artery disease.The levels of ANGPTL4 and VEGF in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results:(1)Compared with the normal control group: the concentration of ANGPTL4 in serum of lower extremity arterial disease group and no lower extremity arterial disease group((44.78±15.15), (47.46±10.43) μg/L) were lower than that of normal control group((52.87±12.74) μg/L), the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). The serum VEGF concentration in lower extremity arterial disease group and no lower extremity arterial disease group((340.98±76.18), (314.83±75.30) ng/L) were higher than that in normal control group((282.58±81.4) ng/L), the difference was statistically significant(all P<0.05). (2)Compared with no lower extremity arterial disease group: the concentration of ANGPTL4 in serum of lower extremity arterial disease group was lower than that of no lower extremity arterial disease group, but the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). The serum VEGF concentration in lower extremity arterial disease group was higher than that in no lower extremity arterial disease group, the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). (3)Correlation analysis: Diabetes mellitus and diabetic course>10 years( OR 4.594, 95% CI2.540-8.311, P<0.001), fasting blood glucose>8 mmol/L( OR 2.353, 95% CI1.023-5.416, P=0.044), glycosylated hemoglobin>8%( OR 6.442, 95% CI 2.874-14.441, P<0.001) and the increase of VEGF( OR 3.745, 95% CI1.566-8.953, P=0.003) are risk factors for lower limb arterial disease in type 2 diabetes, while the increase of ANGPTL( OR 0.154, 95% CI0.064-0.372, P<0.001) can reduce the occurrence of lower limb arterial disease in type 2 diabetes. Conclusion:ANGPTL4 is a protective factor and VEGF is a risk factor of type 2 diabetes mellitus.Both of them influence each other and participate in its occurrence and development.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 141-147, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781628

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Super-responders (SRs) to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) regain near-normal or normal cardiac function. The extent of cardiac synchrony of SRs and whether continuous biventricular (BIV) pacing is needed remain unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiac electrical and mechanical synchrony of SRs.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed CRT recipients between 2008 and 2016 in 2 centers to identify SRs, whose left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction was increased to ≥50% at follow-up. Cardiac synchrony was evaluated in intrinsic and BIV-paced rhythms. Electrical synchrony was estimated by QRS duration and LV mechanical synchrony by single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen SRs were included with LV ejection fraction increased from 33.0 ± 4.6% to 59.3 ± 6.3%. The intrinsic QRS duration after super-response was 148.8 ± 30.0 ms, significantly shorter than baseline (174.8 ± 11.9 ms, P = 0.004, t = -3.379) but longer than BIV-paced level (135.5 ± 16.7 ms, P = 0.042, t = 2.211). Intrinsic LV mechanical synchrony significantly improved after super-response (phase standard deviation [PSD], 51.1 ± 16.5° vs. 19.8 ± 8.1°, P < 0.001, t = 5.726; phase histogram bandwidth (PHB), 171.7 ± 64.2° vs. 60.5 ± 22.9°, P < 0.001, t = 5.376) but was inferior to BIV-paced synchrony (PSD, 19.8 ± 8.1° vs. 15.2 ± 6.4°, P = 0.005, t = 3.414; PHB, 60.5 ± 22.9° vs. 46.0 ± 16.3°, P = 0.009, t = 3.136).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SRs had significant improvements in cardiac electrical and LV mechanical synchrony. Since intrinsic synchrony of SRs was still inferior to BIV-paced rhythm, continued BIV pacing is needed to maintain longstanding and synchronized contraction.

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