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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695668

ABSTRACT

SUMOylation is a dynamically reversible process that needs to be modified by a specific ligase, while its inverse reaction deSUMOylation is catalyzed by a group of SUMO-specific proteases (SENPs). SUMO-modified target protein molecules are closely related to development and disease, especially tumor, metabolism, inflammation and immunity. SENPs play an important role in SUMO protein maturation and deSUMOylation. This review discussed the functions of SENPs in the development and progression of tumors and related mechanisms.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810899

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the time and genotype distribution of human enterovirus (HEV) isolated from sewage in Shanghai in 2013-2014.@*Methods@#One sewage sample each was collected from two local sewage plants located in Minhang District and Jiading District on the same day at the day 24-28 of every month from 2013 to 2014. Each sample weighed 1 L. The specimens were concentrated by anionic membrane absorption, eluted with beef extract solution, and then used to inoculate RD, HEp-2, and L20B cell lines. A total of 249 enterovirus strains were isolated from sewage samples during the study period, including 185 non-polio enterovirus (NPEV) and 64 poliovirus (PV) strains, which were identified as vaccine strains. RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing were performed to identify HEV genotypes. Homologous analysis of VP1 sequences was conducted using BioEdit (version 7.0.0). Phylogenetic analysis was performed using the neighbor-joining method based on the alignment of VP1 gene sequences using MEGA (version 4.0.2).@*Results@#Among 185 NPEV strains, 178 strains were successfully sequenced and classified into 15 genotypes, including coxsackievirus group B (CVB) 2, 3, and 5; enteric cytopathic human orphan (ECHO) virus 1, 3, 6, 7, 11, 13, 19, 20, 24, 25, and 30; and coxsackievirus group A 4. CVB5 and ECHO6 genotypes accounted for 33.5% (56 strains) and 24.9% (43 strains) of NPEV isolates, respectively. During the study period, HEV isolates were mainly isolated in summer and autumn in Minhang District. ECHO6 strains were frequently isolated from June 2013 to July 2014. Thereafter, the number of ECHO6 strains gradually reduced in the second half of 2014. CVB5 strains demonstrated scattered distribution from 2013 to the first half of 2014 and gradually increased in the second half of 2014. The distribution of ECHO6 and CVB5 strains in Jiading District was similar to that in Minhang District. In 2013-2014, CVB5 strains comprised C6 and C8 subgenotypes, which belong to two transmission chains and show large differences compared with foreign strains isolated during the same period. ECHO6 strains comprised C6, C8, and D9 subgenotypes, which belong to three transmission chains. Moreover, ECHO6 subgenotype D9 was a dominant subgenotype in Shanghai, with broad geographical distribution both at home and abroad.@*Conclusion@#Poliovirus was identified as a vaccine strain in environmental surveillance from June 2013 to April 2014 in Shanghai. Several transmission strains of ECHO6 and CVB5 were identified, which were the dominant serotypes.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4060-4065, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268423

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. Despite the advances in therapy over the years, its mortality remains high. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteases 1 (SENP1) in NSCLC tissues and its role in the regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. We also investigated the association between the expression level of SENP1 and the clinicopathological features and survival of the patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A SENP1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was constructed and transfected into the NSCLC cells. VEGF gene expression was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Immunohistochemistry staining was used to assess the expression of SENP1 in 100 NSCLC patients and its association with the clinicopathological features and survival was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>VEGF expression was significantly higher in NSCLC tissues than in normal lung tissues. Inhibition of SENP1 by siRNA was associated with decreased VEGF expression. SENP1 was over-expressed in 55 of the 100 NSCLC samples (55%) and was associated with a moderate and low histological tumor grade (3.6%, 38.2%, and 58.2% in high, moderate and low differentiated tumors, respectively, P = 0.046), higher T stage (10.9% in T1, and 89.1% in T2 and T3 tumor samples, P < 0.001) and TNM stage (10.9% in stage I, and 89.1% in stages II and III tumor samples, P < 0.001). The rate of lymph node metastasis was significantly higher in the SENP1 over-expression group (76.4%) than that in the SENP1 low expression group (33.3%, P < 0.001). Sixty three patients received postoperative chemotherapy, including 34 with SENP1 over-expression and 29 with SENP1 low expression. Among the 34 patients with SENP1 over-expression, 22 (64.7%) patients developed recurrence or metastasis, significantly higher than those in the low expression group 27.6% (8/29) (P = 0.005). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that lymph node metastasis (P = 0.015), TNM stage (P = 0.001), and SENP1 expression level (P = 0.002) were independent prognostic factors for the survival of NSCLC patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SENP1 may be a promising predictor of survival, a predictive factor of chemo-sensitivity for NSCLC patients, and potentially a desirable drug target for lung carcinoma target therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cysteine Endopeptidases , Endopeptidases , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472153

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the features of transcatheter selective hepatic arteriography and efficacy of embolization in hepatic hemangioma. Methods Twenty-six patients of hepatic hemangioma underwent transcatheter selective hepatic arteriography and embolization with Lipiodol-ultrafluida as well as Pingyangmycin, and were followed-up for 3 - 12 months after treatment. Results The popcorn-like tumor stain sign and early fill-in and persistant staining sign of hepatic arterial angiography were observed in all patients before embolization. After one time of embolization, the tumor size decreased more than 25% in 22 patients (84.62%), less than 25% in 4 patients. No severe complication occurred. Conclusion Transcatheter selective hepatic arteriography and embolization is a favorable method of diagnosis and treatment for hepatic hemangioma.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242694

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of chelation therapy with succimer (DMSA) in male rabbits of moderate lead poisoning during juvenile stage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four 45-day-old male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into three groups (therapy group, TG; positive control group, PG and negative control group, NG, n=8). The TG and PG were orally exposed to lead acetate (5 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) for 6 weeks. Rabbits in TG were orally supplied DMSA 1050 mg/m2 in the first week and 700 mg/m2 in the next two weeks, while the other two groups wren't blood and urinary samples of all rabbits were collected per week. The tissues and organs of all rabbits were collected after 12 weeks. The blood lead levels (BLLs) were determined by atomic absorption spectrometer. The urine lead levels and the lead contents of tissue and organ were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Histopathology of tissue and organ was observed by light microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with PG, the lead level in the morning urine of TG with DMSA chelating was increased significantly. The level was peaked at (1246.96 +/- 157.91) microg/L on the first day after chelating. While the base line was (40.97 +/- 1.77) microg/L before chelating. Meanwhile, the BLLs were sharply declined from (429.63 +/- 10.82) microg/L to (238.50 +/- 11.82) microg/L. The urine lead levels of TG decreased through the 3-week chelating and 3-week discontinuation. The urine lead levels of these two groups were significantly different (F=2934.35, P<0.01). Compared to each two groups in these three groups, there were significant difference (P<0.01). The authors found the reversion of BLLs in first week after stop chelating. The BLLs of PG presented the slow course of declining in the same time, were (135.50 +/- 7.09) microg/L, very close to the level of TG for (149.88 +/- 11.39) microg/L. Compared with treatment discontinuation for 3 weeks, the urine lead levels and the body weight gain of the therapy group increased more than that of PG, and the BLLs and the lead concentrations in tissues and organs decreased more than that of PG, and histopathology in the liver tissues and testicle tissues were improved.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DMSA chelating for the rodent models of moderate lead poisoning might reduce the BLLs and soft tissue lead contents quickly and effectively, decrease toxic effects of lead in a short period of time, thus alleviate the impairment of lead poisoning on tissues and organs by decreasing lead burden, and bring out improvement on the growth retardation caused by lead poisoning.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Chelation Therapy , Lead , Blood , Urine , Lead Poisoning , Drug Therapy , Male , Rabbits , Succimer , Therapeutic Uses
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 36-38, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284721

ABSTRACT

Small ubiquitin-like modifier protein (SUMO) modification is a highly dynamic process, catalyzed by SUMO-specific activating (E1), conjugating (E2) and ligating (E3) enzymes, and reversed by a family of SUMO-specific proteases (SENPs). There are six members of the human SENP family, and each SENP has different cellular locations and substrate specificities. However, the precise roles of SENPs in cellular processes have not been elucidated to date. This brief review will focus on recent advances pertaining to the identified targets of SENP1 and its potential role in prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Cysteine Endopeptidases , Endopeptidases , Physiology , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Physiology , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Receptors, Androgen , Physiology , SUMO-1 Protein , Physiology , Signal Transduction , Physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401772

ABSTRACT

This investigation was to evaluate the implication of interventional therapy in postpartum hemorrhage at emergency settings. Due to the failure of conservative therapy, nineteen postpartum hemorrhage cases received digital subtraction angiography(DSA)followed by internal iliac or uterine artery embolization by using gelatin sponge. As a result, all of 19 patients showed good response to the treatment, and no recurrence Was found after 6 months' follow-up. Our findings suggested that artery embolization is a safe, effective and micro-invasive treatment strategy for intractable postpartum hemorrhage, which could reduce mortality and avoid hysterectomy as well.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352495

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the effects of moderate lead poisoning on the hippocampus tissue of rabbits in juvenile stage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen 45-day-old male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into blank group and lead-exposed group,8 for each group. Rabbits in the lead-exposed group were treated with 5 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) lead acetate in their forage for 6 weeks to establish a moderate lead poisoning animal model. The blood lead levels and the lead contents in the hippocampus were determined by atomic absorption spectrometer and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry respectively. Histopathology and ultra-microstructure in the hippocampus tissue were observed by light microscope and electron microscope. The NR1, NR2A and NR2B protein expressions in the CA1 hippocampal region were analyzed through immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those of blank group, the blood lead levels of lead-exposed group were significant increased, (428.63 +/- 9.46) vs (66.38+/-3.93) microg/L (t = 100.08, P<0.01); and lead contents of hippocampus was significantly increased, (44.57+/-2.03) vs (21.20+/-1.53) ng/g, (t = 26.05, P<0.01); the hippocampus wet weight were significant decreased, (0.735 +/-0.012) vs (0.808+/-0.010), (t =12.97, P<0.01); the coefficient of hippocampus wet weight, was (0.458 +/-0.004) vs (0.476+/-0.005), (t =7.87, P<0.01). The significant declines in both the positive rate of NR1 and NR2A in the CA1 hippocampal region for NR1: (37.44 +/- 2.05)% vs (41.81+/-2.50)% (t = 3.82, P<0.01) and for NR2A: 21.97+/-1.08 vs 25.48+/-1.30 (t =5.89, P<0.01) were also observed. With light microscope and electron microscope, the histopathology and ultra-microstructure of neuron and glial cell in the hippocampus tissue were changed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The impairment of hippocampus of rabbits in juvenile stage with chronic moderate lead poisoning were observed, and the histopathology and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor protein expressions in the hippocampus tissue were changed.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Chronic Disease , Disease Models, Animal , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Pathology , Lead Poisoning , Metabolism , Male , Rabbits , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640382

ABSTRACT

Promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein can regulate many cellular processes, Here we summarize the role of PML protein in cell and mechanisms according to researches in recent years.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639488

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the animal model for the study of children with moderate blood lead levels in young rabbits,for the study of the ideal therapy for moderate lead poisoning in children.Methods Sixteen 45-day-old male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control and lead-exposed group,8 in each group.Rabbits in the lead-exposed group were treated with 5 mg/(kg?d)lead acetate in their forage for 6 weeks to establish moderate lead poisoning animal model.The blood lead levels(BLLs)were determined by atomic absorption spectrometer(AAS),and the urine lead levels and the lead concentrations of tissue and organ were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry(ICP-MS).Histopathology in tissue and organ was observed under the light microscope.Results The BLLs and the urine lead levels in lead-exposed group step up rapidly in primal weeks,then retained at a steady levels.The BLLs exhibited moderate level BLLs during the lead exposure period.Compared with control group,the body weight gain,testis and hippocampus wet coefficient of the lead-exposed group significantly decreased(P_a

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