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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 885-890, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923198

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference and ideas for optimizing the continuing education system of pharmacists in China. METHODS By introducing the continuing professional development (CPD)model of pharmacists in Japan ,the current situation and existing problems for continuing education of pharmacists in China were analyzed to puts forward some suggestions. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS The continuing education system of CPD model for pharmacists in Japan included five continuous cycle processes :self-assessment,making plan ,implementing plan ,learning record and result evaluation. It emphasized the autonomy and sustainability of pharmacists ’learning and promoted the sustainable development of pharmacists ’career. The education and training of pharmacists in Japan were subject to the certification system ,and a diversified implementation organization composed of industry associations ,colleges and universities and commercial education institutions had been formed. After continuous reform ,Japan had established a relatively mature and perfect sustainable career development model for pharmacists. Our country can refer to the CPD model of Japanese pharmacists ,promote the legislation of pharmacists ,explore the unified management model (the unity of hospital pharmacists and licensed pharmacists ),explore the construction of pharmacists ’ continuing education certification mechanism ,carry out refined continuing education for pharmacists in different practice fields , improve the enthusiasm of industry associations ,and add practical content to pharmacists ’continuing education projects.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917000

ABSTRACT

Background@#Brucella infection induces brucellosis, a zoonotic disease. The intracellular circulation process and virulence of Brucella mainly depend on its type IV secretion system (T4SS) expressing secretory effectors. Secreted protein BspJ is a nucleomodulin of Brucella that invades the host cell nucleus. BspJ mediates host energy synthesis and apoptosis through interaction with proteins. However, the mechanism of BspJ as it affects the intracellular survival of Brucella remains to be clarified. @*Objectives@#To verify the functions of nucleomodulin BspJ in Brucella's intracellular infection cycles. @*Methods@#Constructed Brucella abortus BspJ gene deletion strain (B. abortus ΔBspJ) and complement strain (B. abortus pBspJ) and studied their roles in the proliferation of Brucella both in vivo and in vitro. @*Results@#BspJ gene deletion reduced the survival and intracellular proliferation of Brucellaat the replicating Brucella-containing vacuoles (rBCV) stage. Compared with the parent strain, the colonization ability of the bacteria in mice was significantly reduced, causing less inflammatory infiltration and pathological damage. We also found that the knockout of BspJ altered the secretion of cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-1β, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ) in host cells and in mice to affect the intracellular survival of Brucella. @*Conclusions@#BspJ is extremely important for the circulatory proliferation of Brucella in the host, and it may be involved in a previously unknown mechanism of Brucella's intracellular survival.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 47-50, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911174

ABSTRACT

Objective:The clinical heterogeneity of non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is high, and precise and individualized treatment is required for different patients to achieve maximum benefits. Three cases of non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer were reported in this paper. One case received apalutamide + leproprillin treatment, one received radical prostatectomy, and one received radiotherapy + abiraterone treatment. After a period of follow-up, the three patients all benefited to varying degrees.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 685-690, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of neoadjuvant chemo-hormonal therapy(NCHT)followed by radical prostatectomy(RP) plus extended pelvic lymphadenectomy for very-high-risk locally advanced prostate cancer.Methods:The data of 327 cases of very-high-risk locally advanced prostate cancer treated in Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, and The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from December 2014 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to treatment regimens: the RP group (direct RP + extended pelvic lymphadenectomy 4-6 weeks after the biopsy of prostate) and the NCHT group (4-6 cycles of NCHT prior to RP). There were 171 cases in RP group and 156 cases in NCHT group, respectively. In the RP group, the median age was 67 (ranging 44-83)years. The median PSA at diagnosis was 27.24 (ranging 4.55-207.00) ng/ml. Patients’numbers of clinical T 2, T 3a, T 3b, T 4 stage were 13, 85, 57, 16, respectively, and clinical N 1, N 0 stage were 33 and 138, respectively. Patients’numbers of ISUP grade groups of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 were 5, 35, 41, 51, 39, respectively. In the NCHT group, The median age was 67 years, ranging 46-78 years. The median PSA at diagnosis was 72.09(ranging 4.08-722.95)ng/ml. Patients’ numbers of clinical T 2, T 3a, T 3b, T 4 stage were 11, 47, 58, 40, respectively, and clinical N 1, N 0stage were 76 and 80, respectively. Patients’numbers of ISUP grade groups of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 were 1, 11, 33, 43, 68, respectively. At baseline, the NCHT group showed higher PSA, higher ISUP grade, and more advanced clinical stage at diagnosis( P<0.05). The PSA, pathological down-staging rate, and positive surgical margin rate as well as the biochemical recurrence free survival(bRFS)were compared between the two groups. Results:After radical prostatectomy, compared with the RP group, the NCHT group had a higher proportion of patients achieving PSA<0.2 ng/ml at 6-week postoperative follow-up ( P<0.001), a higher pathologic tumor stage down-staging rate ( P<0.001), a higher ISUP down-grading rate ( P<0.001), and a lower positive surgical margins rate ( P<0.001). In addition, 10.9% of the NCHT group achieved pT 0 or minimal residual disease in postoperative pathology exams. Eighty-three patients (48.5%) in the RP group and 125 patients (80.1%) in the NCHT group achieved undetectable PSA after surgery and entered further analysis for bRFS, which showed NCHT group had significantly longer bRFS (19.46 months vs. 6.35 months). NCHT significantly reduced the risk for biochemical recurrence in locally advanced prostate cancer patients( HR=0.278, 95% CI 0.198-0.390, P<0.001). Such a reduce in risk for biochemical recurrence was seen in all subgroups( P<0.001). Conclusions:NCHT might improve surgical outcomes as well as bRFS in very-high-risk locally advanced prostate cancer patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 535-539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911064

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize long-term outcome of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) for refractory interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS).Methods:Between January 2013 and October 2020, 28 patients with IC / BPS who received SNM in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital and Hebei Yanda Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 23 females, with median age 63.00 (47.50, 66.75) years old. The urgency score was 4 (3, 4) points, 24-hour micturition frequency was 26 (20.50, 32.50) times, nocturia was 9 (7, 12) times, single urine volume was 59.00 (41.25, 79.50) ml, VAS score was 9.0 (8.0, 9.0) points, O′Leary-Sant score was 31.00 (20.25, 33.00) points, and single maximum urine volume was 100.0 (80.0, 127.5) ml. The improvement of symptoms before operation, test period and last follow-up were compared.Results:The urgency score was 2 (1, 3), the 24-hour micturition frequency was 17.00 (15.00, 22.75), the frequency of nocturia was 5.5 (4.0, 7.0), the single urine volume was 87.50 (70.25, 110.00) ml, the VAS score was 4.0 (3.0, 6.0) and the O′Leary-Sant score was 20.00 (17.00, 23.00) in 28 patients during the test period, which were significantly improved compared with those before operation ( P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the single maximum urine volume of 135.0 (102.5, 160.0) ml between the two groups ( P > 0.05). 28 patients received SNM Ⅱ permanent stimulator implantation. The median follow-up time was 29.5 (21.25, 61.75) months. Among the 28 patients, 3 patients underwent cystectomy and ileal conduit after removal of the complete SNM system due to the unsatisfied results. Twenty-five cases (89.3%) were still treated with SNM. Among them, 6 cases accepted combinative therapy of oral medicine (antihistamines, sodium pentose polysulfate, hormones, immunosuppressants, etc.). Two cases accepted combinative therapy of intravesical instillation, including heparin in one case and sodium hyaluronate in the other one. Three cases accepted combinative therapy of botulinum toxin injection.One case accepted combinative therapy of bladder augmentation. Two cases accepted combinative therapy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). One case accepted combinative therapy of oral medicine and TCM. The remaining 10 cases didn't accept any treatment. Among them, 3 cases were still treated with SNM even though they were not satisfied with the effect, including 1 case due to electrode displacement. At the last follow-up of 25 patients, the urgency score was 2 (1, 3), the 24-hour micturition frequency was 16.50 (13.00, 19.75), the frequency of nocturia was 5.5 (4.0, 9.0), the single urine volume was 105.0 (72.5, 120.0) ml, the VAS score was 4.5 (3.0, 6.0) and the O'Leary Sant score was 16.00 (14.00, 22.50), which were significantly improved compared with those before operation ( P < 0.05), but no difference with those during test period ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the single maximum urine volume of 125.0 (102.5, 150.0) ml at the last follow-up compared with preoperative and test period ( P>0.05). Conclusions:As a treatment option for refractory IC / BPS, SNM can improve the symptoms of most patients and maintain good long-term efficacy combined with other.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 182-186, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909852

ABSTRACT

The distal femoral fracture is a common type of osteoporotic fractures of lower extremities in the elderly. Because this kind of patients are mostly characterized by osteoporosis, comminuted fracture and poor general condition, the clinical treatment faces challenges. With the deepening understanding of this type of fracture and development of internal fixation devices and surgical techniques, more new treatment methods have been gradually applied. The authors retrieve and summarize the latest research progresses in surgical approaches, internal fixation and anti-osteoporosis drug therapy in recent years, in order to provide references for clinical treatment of senile osteoporotic distal femur fracture.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1290-1293,1298, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effectiveness of noninvasive embryo chromosome screening (NICS) based on blastocyst culture medium and cystic fluid in preimplantation genetic detection (PGT) of embryos in different age groups.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 62 couples who underwent PGT assisted pregnancy in Shenzhen Hospital of Peking University from January 2019 to June 2021. A total of 310 blastocysts were biopsied. At the same time, D3-6 blastocyst culture medium and blastocyst cavity fluid were collected for NICS. According to the age of the patients, they were divided into three groups: <35 years old group, 35≤age<40 years old group and ≥40 years old group. The results of NICS were compared with those of embryonic trophoblast (TE) biopsy in each group, and the consistency, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated. Then the consistency, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of NICS and TE among the three age groups were statistically analyzed.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the consistency rate of NICS and TE among the three age groups ( P>0.05), but there was an upward trend in the elderly group (35≤age<40 years and ≥40 years). There was no statistically significant difference in specificity, sensitivity and PPV among the three age groups ( P>0.05). There was significant difference in NPV between the ≥40 years group and the other two groups ( P<0.05). Conclusions:There was no statistical difference in the effectiveness of NICS among different age groups, However, there was an increasing trend in people ≥35 years of age.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between third lumbar skeletal muscle index(LSMI) and inflammatory factors and other factors in peripheral blood in gastric cancer patients.Methods:From October 2017 to December 2019, patients with gastric cancer admitted to West China Hospital Sichuan University were included. The LSMI of patients was obtained by dividing the area of skeletal muscle at the third lumbar vertebra level by the square of the height based on preoperative abdominal imaging data. The correlation between preoperative LSMI and inflammatory factors and other factors in peripheral blood were analyzed by person correlation analysis.Results:This study included 132 patients with gastric cancer. Among them, 39 were classified as stage Ⅰ, 36 were stage Ⅱ, and 57 were stage Ⅲ, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis suggested that the LSMI of gastric cancer patients was positively correlated with peripheral red blood cell count( P<0.01), hemoglobin( P<0.01), and prealbumin( P<0.01), and negatively correlated with interleukin-6(IL-6, P=0.027) and C-reactive protein(CRP, P= 0.014). Conclusion:Our study suggested that LSMI can be used as a nutritional index in gastric cancer patients and IL-6 and CRP played an important in the occurrence and development of sarcopenia in gastric cancer patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between high mobility group protein box-1 (HMGB1) level in peripheral blood and no-reflow in patients with acute myocardial infarction after interventional therapy.Methods:120 patients with acute myocardial infarction patients who received interventional treatment in Liuzhou People's Hospital, China between October 2019 and October 2020 were included in this study. They were divided into normal blood flow group ( n = 78) and no-reflow group ( n = 42) according to the situation of coronary reflow after interventional treatment. The clinical data and laboratory test results were compared between the two groups. The level of HMGB1 in peripheral blood was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and compared between the two groups. The diagnostic value of HMGB1 in no reflow was analyzed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:There were no significant differences in age, gender, history of hypertension, history of smoking, history of coronary heart disease, and peak value of creatine kinase MB between no reflow and normal flow groups (all P > 0.05). The number of patients developing diabetes mellitus, the proportion of patients developing lesions of multiple vessels, C-reactive protein level and brain natriuretic peptide level in no-reflow group were significantly higher than those in the normal blood flow group (all P < 0.05). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay results revealed that there was significant difference in HMGB1 level between no reflow and normal flow groups [(5.2 ± 0.85) mg/L vs.(3.2 ± 0.9) mg/L, t = -2.38, P = 0.02). The ROC curve was used to compare the diagnostic values of HMGB1, brain natriuretic peptide and C-reactive protein for no reflow. The results showed that the area under the ROC curve values of HMGB1, brain natriuretic peptide and C-reactive protein were 0.746 (0.661-0.830), 0.605 (0.504-0.705) and 0.688 (0.595-0.781), respectively. The area under the ROC curve value of HMGB1 was the highest. Conclusion:The level of HMGB1 is obviously increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction presenting with no reflow, which has a high diagnostic value for no reflow.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906601

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the multidisciplinary management of patients with acute type A aortic dissection in late pregnancy. Methods    The clinical data of 3 patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from 2018 to 2019 were analyzed. Their age ranged from 27 to 32 years, while gestational age was 34-37 weeks. Sudden chest pain was the main clinical symptom before operation. All 3 patients underwent Bentall surgery after cesarean section under general anesthesia, of whom 2 patients received total arch replacement (TAR) combined with frozen elephant trunk (FET) implantation and 1 received coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) additionally. Results    No patient died during the perioperative period, and all the newborns were delivered successfully and survived healthily. The ICU stay was 3-5 d. The postoperative hospital stay was 15-18 d. The follow-up was 250-751 d. There was no recurrence or death. One patient who developed spontaneous pneumothorax and hydropneumothorax was cured in our center. Conclusion    The multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment strategy plays a crucial role in saving the life of pregnant patients with acute type A aortic dissection.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Weiwei Tongtiao decoction on gastric mucosal pathology and the expression level of inhibitor kappa B kinase <italic>β</italic>(IKK<italic>β</italic>) and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2)in rats with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) precancerous lesion. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, positive drug Weifuchun group, Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose treatment groups. The rat model of CAG precancerous lesion was prepared by <italic>N</italic>-methyl-<italic>N</italic>'-nitro-<italic>N</italic>-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)compound modeling method. weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose treatment groups received intragastric administration of 24, 12, 6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Weiwei Tongtiao decoction respectively, while Weifuchun group received 0.45 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Weifuchun suspension, once per day for 12 weeks. The pathological changes of gastric mucosa of rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining, and the mRNA and protein levels of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa of rats were detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), immunohistochemistry(IHC)and Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, 100% inherent gland atrophy, mild to severe intestinal metaplasia, and 25% low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia were observed under microscope in model group. All Weifuchun group and Weiwei Tongtiao decoction groups could improve the atrophy of gastric glands, moderate to severe intestinal metaplasia and pathological injury of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, especially at high dose group. Compared with the normal group, IKK<italic>β</italic>, Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expressions in the gastric mucosa of the model group were up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the mRNA and protein expressions of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa of rats in the Weifuchun group and the Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose groups were down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), showing a dose-dependent relationship, and such levels in the Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high-dose intervention group were similar to those in normal group. Conclusion:Weiwei Tongtiao decoction can improve and even reverse gastric mucosa with CAG precancerous lesions in rats, and its intervention mechanism may be related to down-regulating the expressions of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the antidepressant mechanism of Yinxing Mihuan oral solution (YMO) by investigating its effect on depression model rats. Method:The depression rats were induced by isolation combined with chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and then randomly divided into model group, fluoxetine group (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and high-dose (618 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and low-dose (309 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) YMO groups. A blank control group was also set up and ten rats were included in each group. Modeling lasted for 21 consecutive days, and rats were administered the 8th day after stimulation at a dose of 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> for 14 days, except those in the blank control and model groups which were given distilled water. Afterward, the sucrose preference test, open field test, tail suspension test were carried out. The pathological changes of hippocampus in depression rats were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The content of interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>) in the hippocampus of rats in each group and the expression of NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) and other proteins in its related activation signaling pathways were detected with multi-factor detection (Luminex) and Western blot. Result:After 14 days of continuous administration, compared with the blank control group, the model group witnessed significantly reduced sugar water consumption rate and the times of rearing and significantly prolonged cumulative time of immobility during tail suspension (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the fluoxetine group and the high-dose YMO group saw increases in the times of rearing, times of crossing and sugar water consumption rate and a significant decrease in the cumulative time of immobility during tail suspension (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The results of HE staining showed that the neurons in the hippocampus of rats in the high-dose YMO group were arranged in order and slightly loosened, without obvious microglia infiltration observed. The levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in the hippocampus of the model group increased significantly as compared with the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and their content in the high-dose YMO group was significantly lowered in the comparison with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Molecular biology experiments demonstrated that compared with the results of blank group, the expression of purinergic receptor P2X7 (P2RX7), NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), Caspase-1 and IL-1<italic>β</italic> remarkably increased in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Additionally, the expression of P2RX7, NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and IL-1<italic>β </italic>was significantly inhibited in the fluoxetine group and the high-dose YMO group compared with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:YMO can improve the depression-like behaviors of rats induced by isolation combined with CUMS, and its mechanism of action is related to the regulation of the P2RX7/NLRP3 signaling pathway.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906339

ABSTRACT

Objective:Combined with high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) and network pharmacology, to predict the target and potential mechanism of Gardeniae Fructus in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Method:HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was used to identify the chemical constituents of Gardeniae Fructus according to the retention time, relative molecular weight, secondary mass spectrometry fragmentation and other information of chromatographic peaks, and combined with literature data. The targets of main active ingredients in Gardeniae Fructus were predicted by Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction database. The potential targets of Gardeniae Fructus against cerebral ischemia were obtained through Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), GeneCards and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis of potential targets were analyzed with the DAVID 6.8. Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to construct the network of active components-targets-pathways. At last, Discovery Studio 2016 software was applied in the molecular docking verification between the key active ingredients and potential protein targets. Result:A total of 40 chemical constituents in Gardeniae Fructus were identified, including iridoids, diterpenoid pigments, organic acids, monoterpenoids and other components. According to the main active ingredients, 208 potential targets were predicted, 560 disease targets related to cerebral ischemia were retrieved, 59 key targets were selected by mapping component targets with disease targets. These targets could act on key target proteins such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF), Caspase-3 (CASP3) and CASP8, and participate in the regulation of TNF, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and other signal pathways. Molecular docking results showed that geniposide could interact with targets of prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), TNF<italic> </italic>and nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 (RELA), crocin Ⅰ could interact with interleukin-2 (IL-2). Conclusion:Geniposide, crocin Ⅰ and other ingredients in Gardeniae Fructus can play a role of anti-inflammatory and inhibiting apoptosis to prevent or treat cerebral ischemic diseases by up-regulating protein expression level of RELA and IL-2, down-regulating protein expression level of TNF, CASP8, CASP3 and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and regulating TNF, PI3K/Akt and HIF-1 signaling pathways.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)of function genes and effective components of <italic>Salvia miltiorrhiza</italic> and the molecular mechanism of specific quality formation of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic>. Method:The fingerprints of components in <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from eight different habitats and varieties were obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The full-length cDNA of three functional genes<italic> </italic>acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase(<italic>SmAACT</italic>),4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methyl-<italic>D</italic>-erythritol kinase(<italic>SmCMK</italic>) and isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase(<italic>SmIPPI</italic>) in tanshinone metabolic pathway were amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR),cloned, and sequenced,followed by bioinformatics analysis. Result:The full-length cDNA sequences of three functional genes <italic>SmAACT</italic>,<italic>SmCMK</italic>, and <italic>SmIPPI</italic> in tanshinone metabolic pathway were obtained from 23 strains of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from eight different habitats and varieties. As revealed by the analysis of SNP and amino acid polymorphisms of three functional genes,18,16, and 14 SNP sites were found respectively. HPLC results showed the samples from Beijing,Hubei,Shandong (No. SDB),Shanxi,Henan, and Shandong (No. SDZ) were clustered into one branch,and those from Hebei and Inner Mongolia were clustered into another branch, which suggested that the variation trend of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> components had little correlation with geographical distance,but the variety was a critical factor for the quality. Conclusion:There was an obvious genetic differentiation trend in <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from different habitats,and different origin-specific genotypes were formed. The molecular mechanism of the formation of the specific quality of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from different habitats was discussed,which laid a foundation for the stability and effectiveness of clinical medication,and guided the breeding of excellent varieties of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic>.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the competency model of physical therapists in China. Methods:A set of physical therapists' competency elements was established based on literature review and expert interviews. A questionnaire was designed based on the set, and 641 rehabilitation practitioners were investigated (521 valid questionnaires returned) with the questionnaire. Exploration factor analysis was used to construct the competency model of physical therapists, and confirmatory factor analysis was used to confirmed. Results:The set of physical therapists' competency elements included 74 elements in four dimensions. There were 44 competency elements in the competency model of physical therapists, including five dimensions that were Professionalism and Moral Conduct, Knowledge and Skills of Evaluation and Intervention, Abilities of Educational-Research and Advocate, Abilities of Cooperation and Management, and Basic Knowledge of Discipline, covering 74.41% of the total variance. The Cronbach's α coefficient of the whole questionnaire and each dimension was more than 0.8. Model fitness indexes of confirmatory factor analysis were as follow: χ2/df = 2.340, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = 0.060, Goodness of Fit Index = 0.746, Normed Fit Index = 0.811, Incremental Fit Index = 0.850, Comparative Fit Index = 0.850. Conclusion:The competency model can provide a basis for physical therapists to become independent occupation, as well as for the education, selection, evaluation of physical therapists in China.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922756

ABSTRACT

Physalin B (PB), one of the major active steroidal constituents of Solanaceae Physalis plants, has a wide variety of biological activities. We found that PB significantly down-regulated β-amyloid (Aβ) secretion in N2a/APPsw cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In the current study, we investigated the changes in key enzymes involved in β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism and other APP metabolites by treating N2a/APPsw cells with PB at different concentrations. The results indicated that PB reduced Aβ secretion, which was caused by down-regulation of β-secretase (BACE1) expression, as indicated at both the protein and mRNA levels. Further research revealed that PB regulated BACE1 expression by inducing the activation of forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) and inhibiting the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). In addition, the effect of PB on BACE1 expression and Aβ secretion was reversed by treatment with FoxO1 siRNA and STAT3 antagonist S3I-201. In conclusion, these data demonstrated that PB can effectively down-regulate the expression of BACE1 to reduce Aβsecretion by activating the expression of FoxO1 and inhibiting the phosphorylation of STAT3.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Forkhead Box Protein O1/genetics , Humans , Phosphorylation , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Secosteroids
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 825-832, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922165

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on the pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) based on the available clinical evidence.@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM and Wanfang Database up to February 2021 for published randomized controlled trials (RCT) relevant to TEAS for the improvement of the pregnancy outcomes of IVF-ET. We performed literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, followed by a meta-analysis with the RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 206 cases of IVF-ET from 9 RCTs were included, 1 018 in the TEAS group and 1 188 in the control. The clinical pregnancy rate was significantly higher in the TEAS than in the mock TEAS and non-TEAS control groups (RR = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.42-2.42, P < 0.001; RR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.10-1.39, P = 0.0004), and so was it before and after oocyte retrieval (RR = 1.50, 95% CI: 1.03-2.17, P = 0.03; RR = 1.47, 95% CI: 1.12-1.92, P = 0.005). The TEAS group also showed dramatically improved embryo implantation rate (RR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.24-1.79, P < 0.0001) and live birth rate (RR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.04-1.98, P = 0.03) compared with the control.@*CONCLUSIONS@#As a safe and non-invasive treatment, TEAS can significantly improve the pregnancy outcomes of IVF-ET, with definite effectiveness. /.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Embryo Transfer , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922111

ABSTRACT

"Timely, near, and expectation" is the main principle of battlefield rescue for military combat stress reaction (CSR). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most common form of CSR and a long-term persistent mental disorder that is caused by unusual threatening or catastrophic psychological trauma. Chinese medicine (CM) has abundant resources, is simple, easy to master, with few side effects. This article summarizes the cellular and animal experimental mechanisms of CM treatment on PTSD, suggesting that traditional Chinese herbs and acupuncture can protect brain functional areas, and adjust hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis. Traditional Chinese herbs and acupuncture have shown good anti-stress efficacy and fewer side effects in clinical application, which may improve the CSR in the battlefield.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Military Personnel , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/therapy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of minimally invasive locking plate and anatomic locking plate in treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures via sinus tarsi approach.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted of 48 patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated with surgery via sinus tarsi approach from July 2016 to June 2017. According to differernt methods of internal fixation, the patients were divided into minimally invasive locking plate group and anatomic locking plate group. In minimally invasive locking plate group, there were 14 males and 10 females, aged from 27 to 46 years old with an average age of (38.70±5.58) years old, 18 patients were typeⅡand 6 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification. In anatomic locking plate group, there were 17 males and 7 females, aged from 26 to 46 years old with an average age of (37.10±6.44) years old, 16 patients were typeⅡ and 8 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification. Operative time, visual analogue scale (VAS), postoperative complications between two groups were compared, and Böhler angle, Gissane angal, calcaneal width and height were recorded and compared between two groups at 1 week after operation and final follow up. The functional effect was assessed according to Maryland foot function score at final follow up.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for (14.10±1.94) months (ranged 12 to 18 months). All patients were obtained bone union from 8 to 16 weeks with an average of (10.60±2.25) weeks. Operation time, VAS score and complication rate in minimally invasive locking plate group were (69.50±7.51) min, (2.80±1.07) and 2 cases respectively, and (77.50±7.15) min, (3.80±1.09) and 8 cases in anatomic locking plate group respectively, there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compare with anatomic locking plate, minimally invasive locking plate via sinus tarsi approach for Sanders typeⅡ and Ⅲ intra-articular calcaneal fractures could obtain similar reliable fixation and functional recovery with more simple operation, shorter operative time, lighter postoperative pain and less complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Calcaneus/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Heel , Humans , Intra-Articular Fractures/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921631

ABSTRACT

The effects of four natural organic soil amendments on the quality and pesticide residues of Panax notoginseng were investigated through field experiments and the suitable dosage ratio of each soil amendment was selected to provide a new idea for the pollution-free cultivation of P. notoginseng. The four natural organic soil amendments used in this study were Jishibao, Jihuo, Fudujing, and omnipotent nutrients, which were produced by mixed fermentation of aboveground parts of different plants, biological waste residue, and biochar. During the experiments, only four soil amendments were applied to P. notoginseng instead of any pesticides and fertilizers. The experiment was designed as four factors and three levels. There were three dosage gradients(low, medium, and high) for Jishibao(A), Jihuo(B), Fudujing(C), and omnipotent nutrients(D). When the dosage of one soil amendment changed, the do-sage of the other soil amendments remained medium. There were 10 groups in addition to the soil amendment-free group as control(CK). The results showed that the four soil amendments could significantly improve the growth environment of P. notoginseng and increase the seedling survival rate and saponin content of P. notoginseng. The seedling survival rates of the treatment groups increased by 8.24%-30.05% as compared with the control group. Furthermore, the content of pesticide residues in P. notoginseng was too low to be detected, and that of heavy metals in P. notoginseng was far lower than the specified content in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020). The optimal effect was achieved at medium dosage for all the soil amendments with the highest content of saponins, high seedling survival rate, and significantly reduced heavy metals, such as lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury.


Subject(s)
Arsenic , Metals, Heavy/analysis , Panax notoginseng , Soil , Soil Pollutants/analysis
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