Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 19 de 19
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe clinical effect of addition and subtraction therapy of Zidiantang to purpura nephritis in children (syndrome of blood fever) and regulatory action to immune inflammatory factors. Method:One hundred and twenty-five patients were randomly divided into control group (61 cases) and observation group (64 cases) by random number table. A total of 57 patients in control group completed the therapy (2 patients were falling off or missing visit and 2 was eliminated), 59 patients in observation group completed the therapy (3 patients were falling off or missing visit and 2 was eliminated). Both groups' patients got comprehensive measures of western medicine. Patients in control group got Xueniaoan capsule, 1 to 4 grains/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation groups got addition and subtraction therapy of Zidiantang, 1 dose/day. The treatment was continued for 2 months and the follow up was recorded for a month. Purpura and urinalysis were recorded for every week. And disappearance of purpura, hematuria and proteinuria were compared for 3 months. Before treatment, and at the first, second and during the follow up, scores of 24 h urine protein quantification (24 hup) and syndrome of blood fever were graded. Levels of microalbuminuria (mAlb), urinary <italic>β</italic><sub>2</sub>-microglobulin (<italic>β</italic><sub>2</sub>-MG), cystatin C(CysC), globulin A1(IgA1), IgG, complement C3, Th17 cells, Treg cells, interleukin-17 (IL-17), IL-21, IL-10 and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>) were detected before and after treatment. Result:At the first month of treatment, disappearance rate of purpura in observation group was higher than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Before treatment, and at the first, second and during the follow up, disappearance rate of hematuria and albuminuria were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and scores of 24 h urine protein quantification (24 hup) and syndrome of blood fever were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of mAlb, <italic>β</italic><sub>2</sub>-MG, CysC, IgA1, IgG, Th17, Th17/Treg, IL-17, IL-21 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and levels of C3, CD4<sup>+</sup>, Treg and IL-10 were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:On the basis of conventional western medicine treatment, addition and subtraction therapy of Zidiantang can promote the purpura to subside, improve the syndrome symptoms of blood fever, regulate the immune inflammatory reaction, reduce the inflammatory damage of kidney, thus reduce the hematuria and proteinuria, and play a role in protecting the renal function.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1510-1516, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of follicular helper T cell (Tfh)/ follicular regulatory T cell (Tfr) imbalance in B-cell lymphoma (BCL).@*METHODS@#Sixteen BCL patients who were admitted to the Department of Hematology of The First People's Hospital of Yichang and 20 healthy people from December 2019 to November 2020 were enrolled and respectively divided into observation group and control group. The levels of Tfh and Tfr in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. The changes of Tfh, Tfr, and Tfh/Tfr ratio were compared and the relationship between Tfh/Tfr ratio and efficacy, prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy controls, Tfh and Tfh/Tfr ratio in peripheral blood of the BCL patients increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while levels of Tfr was decreased (P<0.01). After chemotherapy, Tfh and Tfh/Tfr ratio in peripheral blood of the BCL patients decreased significantly than before chemotherapy (P<0.01), but Tfr was no significant difference. Multivariate analysis showed that Tfh and Tfh/Tfr ratio were positively correlated with international prognostic index (IPI) score and Ann Arbor stage (r=0.626, 0.564, 0.573, 0.608, respectively), while Tfr negatively (r=-0.504, -0.542, respectively). According to the average value of Tfh/Tfr ratio at initial diagnosis, BCL patients were divided into Tfh/Tfr high ratio group and low ratio group. It was found that the complete remission (CR) rate, overall response rate (ORR), and survival time in the high ratio group were significantly lower than the low ratio group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#There is an imbalance of Tfh/Tfr ratio in peripheral blood of the BCL patients, and those with a high Tfh/Tfr ratio have lower CR, ORR and shorter survival time.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell , T Follicular Helper Cells , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817866

ABSTRACT

Inborn errors of metabolism in children is an important cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Characteristic manifestations of the diseases are helpful for rapid diagnosis. Most of the diseases are autosomal recessive inheritance,a few of them are autosomal dominant inheritance,X-linked inheritance,while some mitochondrial diseases are maternal inheritance. Conventional cardiac examinations such as electrocardiogram and echocardiography can provide diagnostic clues for the underlying causes of some diseases. With the rapid progress of new treatment methods such as enzyme replacement therapy,strengthening cardiac assessment,appropriate treatment for underlying diseases and multi-disciplinaries collaboration will provide more opportunities of survival for the patients.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 435-439, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342020

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The pathogenesis of postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the changes and significance of sulfur dioxide (SO) in patients with POTS.</p><p><b>Methods</b>The study included 31 children with POTS and 27 healthy children from Peking University First Hospital between December 2013 and October 2015. A detailed medical history, physical examination results, and demographic characteristics were collected. Hemodynamics was recorded and the plasma SOwas determined.</p><p><b>Results</b>The plasma SOwas significantly higher in POTS children compared to healthy children (64.0 ± 20.8 μmol/L vs. 27.2 ± 9.6 μmol/L, respectively, P < 0.05). The symptom scores in POTS were positively correlated with plasma SOlevels (r = 0.398, P < 0.05). In all the study participants, the maximum heart rate (HR) was positively correlated with plasma levels of SO(r = 0.679, P < 0.01). The change in systolic blood pressure from the supine to upright (ΔSBP) in POTS group was smaller than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The ΔSBP was negatively correlated with baseline plasma SOlevels in all participants (r = -0.28, P < 0.05). In the control group, ΔSBP was positively correlated with the plasma levels of SO(r = 0.487, P < 0.01). The change in HR from the supine to upright in POTS was obvious compared to that of the control group. The area under curve was 0.967 (95% confidence interval: 0.928-1.000), and the cutoff value of plasma SOlevel >38.17 μmol/L yielded a sensitivity of 90.3% and a specificity of 92.6% for predicting the diagnosis of POTS.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Increased endogenous SOlevels might be involved in the pathogenesis of POTS.</p>

5.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 104-105,129, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699914

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a portable hanging perfusion support used in the medical tent of field medical unit.Methods The support was composed of a support body,a hanging hook at one end of the body,hanging components and an automatic locking mechanism.The hanging components included two screw hangers and two inverted cone-shaped sleeves.The support body consisted of three stainless steel tubes with different sizes,whose height could be regulated through connecting thread to adapt the support to hanging the dropping bottle.Results The support gained advantages over the traditional one in convenience as well as deployment and withdrawal time,and enhanced medical training efficacy and casualty treatment timeliness greatly.Conclusion The support behaves well in structure,operation and portability,and can be used for patient treatment in battlefield,disaster relief and etc.

6.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 101-103,123, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699913

ABSTRACT

Objection To improve the central oxygen supply system at field conditions to realize rapid transport of oxygen cylinders and enhanced application of medical oxygen.Methods The modified central oxygen supply system was composed of the 40-L oxygen cylinder,triple ball valve,flowmeter,dichotomantheshos hose,disposable nasal catheter for oxygen inhalation,pressure relief valve,immovable hanger and L-shaped trolley for oxygen cylinder.The trolley was composed of a bearing frame designed according to the size of oxygen cylinder,a fixing band and two wheels,which could be used for efficient fixation and rapid transport of oxygen cylinder.Results The improved system met the requirements for materials storage,loading,deployment and withdrawal during oxygen supply,and saved manpower and space.Conclusion The improved system enhances the efficiency of medical oxygen application and the supportability of field medical unit,and thus is worthy promoting in mobile medical unit.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 570-573, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278373

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Gli1 gene silencing by RNA interference (RNAi) on proliferation of K562 cells and its mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The small interference RNA (siRNA) was synthesized in vitro. K562 cells were transfected with Gli1 siRNA by the way of lipofection (lipofectamine 2000). Non-specific siRNA transfected cells were used as control. Transfection efficiencies of different siRNA concentrations were detected by flow cytometry and the best siRNA concentration was selected. The silencing effect of siRNA was demonstrated by real time PCR and Westem blot analysis. Cell proliferation was measured by MTT method, cell cycle by PI assay, c-myc and p21 mRNA level was detected by real time PCR analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Transfection efficiency of siRNA was increased in a dose-dependent manner when siRNA concentration was below 200 pmol, and the highest transfection efficiency reached (80.11 ± 5.63)%. Both the mRNA and protein level of Gli1 was down-regulated in Gli1 specific siRNA group, the mRNA level was (52.60 ± 3.57)% of that of control group after 24 h (t = 20.33, P < 0.01) and the protein level was (79.31 ± 5.58)% of that of control group after 48 h (t = 6.54, P < 0.01). The cell proliferation rate in Gli1 siRNA group was (94.41 ± 3.58)% (t = 2.40, P = 0.05) and (90.22 ± 3.34)% (t = 4.37, P < 0.01) of that of control group after 24 h and 48 h, respectively. G(2)/M cell cycle arrest was observed, the mRNA level of c-myc was down-regulated while p21 was up-regulated in Gli1 siRNA group after 24 h and 48 h (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Targeted silencing of Gli1 gene by RNAi inhibits the proliferation of K562 cells, which acts through the down-regulation of c-myc and up-regulation of p21 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Gene Silencing , Humans , K562 Cells , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Transfection , Zinc Finger Protein GLI1
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 933-938, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356339

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Tachycardia induced cardiomyopathy (TIC), secondary to various tachyarrhythmias, is a reversible condition which can lead to cardiac enlargement and heart failure. The impairment of both structure and function of heart can be reverted completely or partially if tachyarrhythmias are ceased without delay. This study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics, therapeutic regimen and outcome of TIC in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 12 children with TIC, who came from Peking University First Hospital from Feb. 2003 to Jun. 2009, were retrospectively analyzed and followed up. The echocardiogram data on admission were compared with those from 12 homochronous cases with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy matched with 12 TIC cases in age and gender.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Atrial tachycardia is the commonest arrhythmia in 12 TIC cases (75%). Four cases underwent catheterization for radiofrequency ablation and all succeeded. The cardiac rhythm of 6 out of 8 cases treated with drugs became sinus rhythm after 3 days to 2 weeks antiarrhythmic drugs treatment. The remaining 2 cases still retained atrial rhythm, but the ventricular heart rates declined to normal. The left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions of the 12 cases were decreased compared with those of pretherapy [(37.5 ± 5.3) mm vs. (43.0 ± 5.7) mm, P < 0.01], and the left ventricular ejection fractions were increased [(60.5% ± 5.6%) vs. (33.7% ± 10.3%), P < 0.01], after (3.4 ± 2.3) months. In our (4.3 ± 2.4) year-follow-up, all cases were fine, except in one case the tachyarrhythmia relapsed because of discontinuation of the drug treatment by her parents. The left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions in 12 TIC cases were smaller than those of the 12 age- and gender-matched idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy [(43.0 ± 5.7) mm vs. (54.8 ± 7.5) mm, t = 7.9, P < 0.01], and the ejection fractions were higher [(33.7% ± 10.3%) vs. (21.8% ± 7.5%), t = 3.7, P < 0.01].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The diagnosis of TIC should be considered for the children with tachycardia, cardiac enlargement and cardiac insufficiency. The degree of cardiac enlargement and cardiac insufficiency might be of value for the differential diagnosis between TIC and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The rhythm control and ventricular rates control could all result in a favorite therapeutic efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Diagnosis , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Diagnosis , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Male , Retrospective Studies , Tachycardia , Diagnosis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317348

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical characteristics, therapeutic regimen and outcome of severe Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP) in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 79 children with MP, including 69 mild and 10 severe cases, were retrospectively analyzed. The 10 children with severe MP were followed-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In severe MP cases, the fever duration prior to hospitalization and the total fever duration were more prolonged, peripheral blood leucocytes counts, C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate increased, and serum IgM and IgE levels increased as compared to mild MP cases. Of the 10 cases of severe MP, 4 manifested as pulmonary consolidation, 4 as pulmonary consolidation complicated by moderate to large pleural effusion and 2 as progressively worsening pulmonary radiographic findings. Nine severe MP cases were administered with glucocorticoid as well as antibiotics, and the therapeutic effect was satisfactory. In the convalescence stage, bronchofiberoscope lavages were used in 5 severe cases because of persistent pulmonary consolidation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Severe MP was characterized by rapid progression, pulmonary consolidation, moderate to severe pleural effusion, obviously increased inflammatory indexes, and poor therapeutic reaction to simple macrolide antibiotics. Besides antibiotics, glucocorticoid should be used for severe MP cases as soon as possible. For severe cases with persistent pulmonary consolidation, bronchofiberoscope lavages are recommended.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antibodies, Bacterial , Blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Blood , Drug Therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 59-63, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349493

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Syncope is a common problem in children and adolescents. Such an event may have multiple possible causes, ranging from benign conditions to life-threatening diseases. Syncope is a major challenge for the practicing physicians. It is very important to know the etiologic and clinical characteristics of syncope in children. This study aimed to improve diagnostic efficacy of syncope in children by analyzing the etiology and clinical characteristics of syncope.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The investigators retrospectively analyzed the causes of syncope and diagnostic workup of 154 consecutive children seen in Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital because of a syncopal event.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Autonomic-mediated reflex syncope (AMS) was the most common cause of syncope (65.6%), whereas cardiac disorders were found in 10 cases (6.5%) comprising the second cause of syncope in children. Other causes included psychologic problems and neurological and metabolic disorders. Although many causes were studied, 25 cases (16.2%) were found to have uncertain etiologies yet. The children with AMS were commonly seen in pubertal girls, and they had clear inducement of syncope and prodromes. The children with cardiac syncope often had history of cardiac diseases, and they were often younger than those with AMS. Lack of prodromes of syncope, exercise-related syncope, syncope spells seen in any body position, frequent syncope spells and sudden death in family were clues of cardiac syncope. Neurological disorders should be considered if there are any of the followings: syncope with seizure activity, syncope spells seen in any position, and a postictal phase of disorientation or neurologic abnormal signs. A metabolic cause was entertained when the child had a history of metabolic diseases, prolonged anger, or violent vomiting and diarrhea. Children with psychiatric disorders were adolescent girls with prolonged syncope spells, and had more frequent syncopal episodes. Most children with syncope were evaluated by many of diagnostic tests, but most of those tests were not goal-directed approach. Since persons with cardiac syncope were at increased risk for death from any cause, electrocardiography was recommended in almost all children with syncope. Neurologic testing including electroencephalography, computed tomography, etc. were rarely helpful unless neurologic signs and symptoms are present. Holter electrocardiography and echocardiography were most useful in children with suspected cardiac syncope. There was little benefit of screening cardiac enzyme in children with syncope. Routine blood tests (blood electrolytes and blood glucose, etc) rarely yield diagnostically useful information unless the children had the history of metabolic diseases. Head-up tilt testing was most useful in children with recurrent syncope in whom heart disease was not suspected. The children with frequent syncope, long lasting syncopal episode and clear psychiatric inducement of syncope should be evaluated by psychiatric testing.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Syncope in children may result from a wide variety of causes, and clinicians often use a wide range of investigation to try to achieve a diagnosis. But most of investigations have low diagnostic yield. Thorough history taking, physical examination and electrocardiography are the core of the syncope workup.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Electrocardiography , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Syncope , Diagnosis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674451

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the abnormal situation and the characteristics of body mass index(BMI),blood pressure (BP),blood lipid(BL),and fasting plasma glucose(FPG) in residents of Chongqing.Methods Data of BMI,BP,BL and FPG were obtained from 16 367 residents receiving regular health examination in our Hospital in 2006.Results These metabolic indicators of this group were abnormal:The detection rate was 33.2%(42.5% in male and 17.6% in female)for overweight;7.4%(9.7% in male and 3.5% in female) for obesity;25.4%(30.0% in male and 17.6% in female) for hypertension;,38.9%(41% in male and 35.5% in female) for total cholesterol;26.1%( 34% in male and 12.8% in female) for triglyceride;23.7%(26.8% in male and 18.6% in female) for low-density lipoprotein;8.2%(11.8% in male and 2.2% in female) for high-density lipoprotein;3.2%(3.8% in male and 2.2% in female) for impaired fasting glucose;and 3.2%(3.9% in male and 2.0% in female) for diabetes meUitus.The detection rate of these metabolic disorders was significantly higher in men than those in women,and increased with age,which was significantly higher in people aged 30-40 years than in people aged less than 30 years.Conclusion The levels of BMI,BP,BL and FPG of health examination residents in Chongqing had its unique characteristics,and were abnormal significantly,it was very important to take regularly health examination after 30 yrs old.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 886-890, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349552

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardiac hormone and its plasma level increases in congestive heart failure and myocarditis. An increased level of serum BNP has been reported in children in the acute stage of Kawasaki disease (KD). But the mechanism of increased level of BNP in children with KD has not been elucidated and the change in BNP in children with KD in China has not been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the change in plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) in children with KD, examine the value of NT-pro BNP in the diagnosis of KD and explore the mechanism of the change in plasma NT-pro BNP in children with KD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirteen patients, aged from 4 months to 56 months, with KD were enrolled and nine patients with acute upper respiratory infection were used as controls. Blood sample was obtained to measure plasma NT-pro BNP concentrations in the acute (n = 13) and convalescent (n = 8) phases of KD and in the acute phase of the control patients. Plasma NT-pro BNP was measured using enzyme immunoassay. Other laboratory data including complete blood cell count, C-reactive protein, etc, were also measured in acute phase in both groups. The serum cardiac troponin I was also detected in acute phase of children with KD. All patients with KD had complete echocardiographic study, including measurement of left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVDd), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular inflow velocity through the mitral annulus (including E-velocity and A-velocity). Two dimensional echocardiography was performed to check for coronary lesions of patients with KD. The correlation between plasma NT-pro BNP and the above parameters was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean plasma NT-pro BNP concentration in patients with KD in the acute phase was (691 +/- 86) ng/L, and it was (47 +/- 10) ng/L in patients of control group. The plasma NT-pro BNP in patients with KD in the acute phase was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.001). In 8 cases of KD, the plasma NT-pro BNP concentrations were measured both in the acute and convalescent phase. The mean plasma NT-pro BNP concentration in the acute phase of KD was (636 +/- 89) ng/L and it was (164 +/- 35) ng/L in the convalescent phase. The level of plasma NT-pro BNP decreased significantly in the convalescent phase (P < 0.01). Through linear regression analysis, there was no significant correlation between the plasma concentrations of NT-pro BNP in acute phase of KD and LVEF, LVDd and E/A ratio, respectively. But the NT-pro BNP level correlated positively with C-reactive protein and white blood cells counts (r = 0.615, P < 0.05 and r = 0.547, P < 0.05), respectively. NT-pro BNP level correlated positively with serum cTnI, a sensitive biologic marker of cardiac injury (r = 0.611, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The plasma NT-pro BNP concentration increased in the acute phase and decreased significantly in the convalescent phase of KD. The plasma NT-pro BNP might be one of the useful biological markers of KD, and the mechanism of change in plasma NT-pro BNP in KD might be associated with cardiac injury and inflammatory factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood , Case-Control Studies , Child, Preschool , Echocardiography , Humans , Infant , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Blood , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Blood , Peptide Fragments , Blood
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639680

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the etiology and clinical characteristics of pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH) and improve its early diagnosis and treatment.Methods The clinical and echocardiogram data of all inpatients with PAH in Pediatric Department of Peking University First Hospital between May 1995 and May 2007 were retrospectively analyzed for age,sex,etiology,symptoms and echocardiographic measurement of pulmonary artery pressure.Data were divided into groups according to different etiology and statistics.Pulmonary arterial systolic pressure(sPAP) values estimated from the tricuspid regurgitant velocity by Doppler echocardiography were compared among different groups.Cases who were not belonged to the first category of the Venice Clinical Classification of pulmonary hypertension were not included.Results Totally 276 cases,168 boys and 108 girls were diagnosed to have PAH.Age ranged from 1 month to 17 years,median age was 9 months.Most of pediatric PAH was associated-PAH(267 cases,96.7%),while idiopathic PAH took a small part(9 cases,3.3%).Congenital heart disease-associated PAH(CHD-PAH) was predominant(245 cases,88.7%) and left to right shunt was the main lesion (217 cases,88.6%),while complex lesion-associated PAH comprised 28 cases(11.4%).Connective tissue disease associated PAH(CTD-PAH) was the second common among this group of pediatric PAH patients(19 cases,6.9 %).The incidence of PAH in systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE),juvenile rheumatoid arteritis and takayasu arteritis were 10.3 %(13/126),8.7%(4/46),15.4%(2/13),respectively.The other 3 cases of PAH were associated with portal hypertension(2 cases) and thalassanemia(1 case).The estimated sPAP from tricuspid regurgitant velocity in 8 cases with idiopathic PAH[(74.6?23.9) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)]was higher significantly compared with those of 33 cases of CHD-PAH [(58.0?19.7) mmHg ] and 12 cases of CTD-PAH [(49.6?18.9) mmHg] respectively(t=-2.052,-2.609 Pa

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245159

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mechanism of pricking blood therapy (PBT) for allergic rhinitis (AR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The model rat of experimental allergic rhinitis (EAR) was established by administration of ovoglohulin and they were divided into five groups randomly: a model group, a PBT group, a TCM point application group, a beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) treatment group, and a health control group. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) contents in hypothalamus, pituitary gland, adrenal gland and plasma were determined by radioimmunoassay before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ACTH levels in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, adrenal gland and plasma in the rat of EAR were lower than those in the health control group (P < 0.01). After treatment of pricking blood ther, ACTH levels in the above tissues increased significantly (P < 0.01), with very significant differences (P < 0.01) as compared with the model group, similar to those in the BDP group (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pricking blood therapy has a regulatory action on ACTH in HPA axis of rats with experimental allergic rhinitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Animals , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Hypothalamus , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Rats , Rhinitis, Allergic
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306772

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect of mailuoning (MLN) on nerve cells after cerebral infarction induced by photochemistry.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty SD rats were divided into three groups, the control group (n = 20), the model group (n = 30) and the MLN group (n = 30). Focal cerebro-ischemia induced by photothrombosis in adult rat was used as a model. Changes of C-Fos protein expression before and after MLN treatment were observed using immunohistochemistry, computerized imaging technique and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>C-Fos positive cells located in the transitional zone between the necrotic core and normal cortex. C-Fos protein expression began to show 3 hrs after cerebral infarction, peaked at 6 hrs. As compared with the model group, C-Fos expression was significantly reduced in the MLN group (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MLN could markedly reduce the injury of nerve cell in the transitional zone, the protection may be related with its inhibition on C-Fos protein expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cerebral Infarction , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Male , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Photochemistry , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639164

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between fatty liver and blood lipids in children with simple obesity and the precaution of this disease.Methods Forty-eight cases from 2 to 16 years old with simple obesity were divided into 2 groups.The first group included 19 cases with fatty liver(38.78%);the second group included 29 cases without fatty liver(61.22%). Blood lipids in 2 groups were analyzed with biochemical method.Blood total cholesterol(TC),triglyeride(TG),high density lipoprotein(HDL) and low density lipoprotein(LDL) were detected and the liver was examined with ultrasound.Results Blood TC,TG,HDL and LDL in cases with fatty liver were higher than those wit-hout fatty liver.Blood TG had the closest relation with fatty liver(P_a

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642135

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze blood lipid components in simple obesity children and to explore the effects of obesity in the lipid metabolism and its clinical significance.Methods A total of 90 children,including 50 simple obesity children(obesity group)and 40 normal children(control group),were enrolled in this study.The age ranged from 2.5 to 16.0 years.Their blood lipid profiles of all the children were analyzed.The blood lipid profiles were examined by biochemical analysis,including triglyeride(TG),total cholesterol(TC),low density lipoprotein(LDL) and high density lipoprotein(HDL),and the livers of all the children were analyzed.The blood lipid profiles were examined by ultrasonograph.Results 1.There were no significant differences in age and height in obesity group and control group,but there were significant differences in body mass index(BMI) and blood pressure(P0.05),which had no statistical meaning.3.Liver ultra sonogram showed that 18 cases had fatty liver(36%) in simple obesity children.Conclusions Metabolic disorder of blood lipid is present in simple obesity children,who have a tendency to get fatty liver.LDL is markedly elevated in obesity group.Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease should be prevented at earlier period of childhood.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 161-164, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>In order to discover new inhibitors and enhancers of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), an in vitro assay to determine NOS activity was established for high throughput screening.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The activity of NOS was detected based on the change of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) concentration in the reaction system by the fluorescence density. The enzyme was prepared from bovine brain by gradient centrifugation. The reaction performed in black 96 well micro-plate with a final volume of 90 microL. Every factor which would affect the results such as the concentration of NADPH, L-arginine (L-Arg, used as substrate) and enzyme protein was optimized in different conditions. At last, 5,600 samples (compounds and extracts) were screened by the method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The test signal (fluorescence density) in the reaction system was influenced by many different factors such as temperature and concentration of substrates. The ideal system contains protein 1.50 mg.mL-1, L-Arg 1 mmol.L-1, NADPH 0.1 mmol.L-1 at 37 degrees C. In this method, there were about 2% samples which emit fluorescence, and about 0.5% samples which quench the fluorescence. So these samples were deleted from the sample library. The effects of these samples on activity of NOS were distributed in a normal manner. About 2% samples had potential effects on the NOS activity (including inhibitors and enhancers).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method can be performed by high throughput screening and gives the stable data, not only for inhibitors, but also for enhancers of NOS activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arginine , Pharmacology , Cattle , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , NADP , Pharmacology , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Nitroarginine , Pharmacology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642134

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical diagnostic method of postural orthostatic tachycarda syndrome(POTS) in children.Methods Thirty-six children with POTS were selected for the research.Among them 15 were boys,21 cases were girls.The age ranged from 5.9 to 16 years,average age 12.3 years.Among them 28 patients(78%) were in between 11-16 years.The age distribution,clinical courses and hemodynamic indexes were analyzed and also the incidence of clinical manifestations and investigation reports were observed.Results Among 81 patients of orthostatic regulation disturbance,36 patients were diagnosed POTS,which was 47% of total.The clinical courses ranged from 1 day to 5 years,average clinical course 10.2 months.The clinical courses of more than half of the total patients were within 6 months(56%).The common clinical features of POTS were chest tightness on standing,vertigo,fatigue,palpitation,syncope,orthostatic regulation disturbance.Ten patients were also associated with gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea,vomiting.The most common feature of POTS patients was tachycardia(HR increased by ≥30 times/min) within 10 min after head-up tilt test(HUT).Average HR increased by 38 times/min.In some patients HR increased up to ≥120 times/min.There were no significant changes in blood.In 23 cases(64%),the T waves were descended by ≥0.2 mV in 2 or more than 2 leads in ECG reading.Investigations reports showed that there were 12 cases whose urine specific gravity was increased.In 11 cases HCO_3~-decreased.Conclusions POTS is commonly seen in schooling female children.The common symptoms are vertigo,chest tightness,fatigue,palpitation.HUT is an important method for the diagnosis of POTS.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL