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1.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 324-337, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926511

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Identifying patients with high bleeding risk (HBR) is important when making decisions for antiplatelet therapy strategy. This study evaluated the impact of ticagrelor monotherapy after 3-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) according to HBR in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients treated with drug eluting stents (DESs). @*Methods@#In this post-hoc analysis of the TICO trial, HBR was defined by 2 approaches: meeting Academic Research Consortium for HBR (ARC-HBR) criteria or Predicting Bleeding Complications in Patients Undergoing Stent Implantation and Subsequent DAPT (PRECISEDAPT) score ≥25. The primary outcome was a 3–12 months net adverse clinical event (composite of major bleeding and adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events). @*Results@#Of the 2,980 patients without adverse events during the first 3 months after DES implantation, 453 (15.2%) were HBR by ARC-HBR criteria and 504 (16.9%) were HBR by PRECISE-DAPT score. The primary outcome rate was higher in HBR versus non-HBR patients (by ARC-HBR criteria: hazard ratio [HR], 2.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.76– 4.69; p<0.001; by PRECISE-DAPT score: HR, 3.09; 95% CI, 1.92–4.98; p<0.001). Ticagrelor monotherapy after 3-month DAPT was associated with lower primary outcome rate than ticagrelor-based 12-month DAPT regardless of HBR by ARC-HBR criteria, with similar magnitudes of therapy effect for HBR and non-HBR patients (p-interaction=0.400). Results were consistent by PRECISE-DAPT score (p-interaction=0.178). @*Conclusions@#In ACS patients treated with DESs, ticagrelor monotherapy after 3-month DAPT was associated with lower rate of adverse clinical outcomes regardless of HBR, with similar magnitudes of therapy effect between HBR and non-HBR.Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02494895

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897021

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this pilot study, using next-generation sequencing and integrated messenger RNA (mRNA) sequencing, we investigated circulating microRNA (miRNA) expression profiling from bile-derived exosomes to identify dysregulated miRNA signatures and oncogenic pathways and determine their effects on targeted mRNAs in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA).Moreover, we explored the possibility that genetic analysis using bile-derived exosomes may replace gene analysis using tissue. @*Methods@#Bile was collected from a patient with perihilar CCA before curative resection. As a control, bile was collected from a patient with a common bile duct stone. Exosomes were isolated from the bile, and we performed next-generation miRNA sequencing using isolated exosomes. To evaluate miRNA-mRNA interactions, mRNA sequencing was performed using bile fluid in both patients. @*Results@#We identified 22 differentially expressed miRNAs. More than 65% of the predicted mRNA targets of those miRNAs were actually differentially expressed between control and CCA bile samples. In functional pathway analysis, targets of 22 miRNAs were primarily enriched in mitogen-activated protein kinase, platelet derived growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, epidermal growth factor receptor, and p53 signaling. In particular, in the functional assessment of miRNAmRNA interactions, RAS pathways, including downstream pathways (PI3K-AKT-mTOR and RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK), were determined to be enriched. @*Conclusion@#Circulating miRNAs in bile-derived exosomes provide new information for the development of miRNA analysis in CCA. These miRNAs may represent the oncogenic characteristics of CCA tissue, enabling them to be used instead of tissue samples for the diagnosis of CCA. Further research investigating circulating miRNAs in bile exosomes may lead to more rational, targeted approaches to treatment.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893607

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare condition that usually occurs in children and commonly affects the skeletal system. It is extremely rare in adults, especially in the clavicles. In this report, we describe a pathologically confirmed case of LCH in the clavicle of a 50-year-old male. We report various radiological findings, such as plain radiography, CT, MR, and PET-CT, along with a review of the literature.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889317

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this pilot study, using next-generation sequencing and integrated messenger RNA (mRNA) sequencing, we investigated circulating microRNA (miRNA) expression profiling from bile-derived exosomes to identify dysregulated miRNA signatures and oncogenic pathways and determine their effects on targeted mRNAs in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA).Moreover, we explored the possibility that genetic analysis using bile-derived exosomes may replace gene analysis using tissue. @*Methods@#Bile was collected from a patient with perihilar CCA before curative resection. As a control, bile was collected from a patient with a common bile duct stone. Exosomes were isolated from the bile, and we performed next-generation miRNA sequencing using isolated exosomes. To evaluate miRNA-mRNA interactions, mRNA sequencing was performed using bile fluid in both patients. @*Results@#We identified 22 differentially expressed miRNAs. More than 65% of the predicted mRNA targets of those miRNAs were actually differentially expressed between control and CCA bile samples. In functional pathway analysis, targets of 22 miRNAs were primarily enriched in mitogen-activated protein kinase, platelet derived growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, epidermal growth factor receptor, and p53 signaling. In particular, in the functional assessment of miRNAmRNA interactions, RAS pathways, including downstream pathways (PI3K-AKT-mTOR and RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK), were determined to be enriched. @*Conclusion@#Circulating miRNAs in bile-derived exosomes provide new information for the development of miRNA analysis in CCA. These miRNAs may represent the oncogenic characteristics of CCA tissue, enabling them to be used instead of tissue samples for the diagnosis of CCA. Further research investigating circulating miRNAs in bile exosomes may lead to more rational, targeted approaches to treatment.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901311

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare condition that usually occurs in children and commonly affects the skeletal system. It is extremely rare in adults, especially in the clavicles. In this report, we describe a pathologically confirmed case of LCH in the clavicle of a 50-year-old male. We report various radiological findings, such as plain radiography, CT, MR, and PET-CT, along with a review of the literature.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739584

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA), genetic characteristics on ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose (¹⁸F-FDG)-PET scans are not yet clarified. If specific genetic characteristics were found to be related to FDG uptake in iCCA, we can predict molecular features based on the FDG uptake patterns and to distinguish different types of treatments. In this purpose, we analyzed RNA sequencing in iCCA patients to evaluate gene expression signatures associated with FDG uptake patterns. METHODS: We performed RNA sequencing of 22 cases iCCA who underwent preoperative ¹⁸F-FDG-PET, and analyzed the clinical and molecular features according to the maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax). Genes and biological pathway which are associated with SUVmax were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients with SUVmax higher than 9.0 (n = 9) had poorer disease-free survival than those with lower SUVmax (n = 13, P = 0.035). Genes related to glycolysis and gluconeogenesis, phosphorylation and cell cycle were significantly correlated with SUVmax (r ≥ 0.5). RRM2, which is related to the toxicity of Gemcitabine was positively correlated with SUVmax, and SLC27A2 which is associated with Cisplastin response was negatively correlated with SUVmax. According to the pathway analysis, cell cycle, cell division, hypoxia, inflammatory, and metabolism-related pathways were enriched in high SUVmax patients. CONCLUSION: The genomic features of gene expression and pathways can be predicted by FDG uptake features in iCCA. Patients with high FDG uptake have enriched cell cycle, metabolism and hypoxic pathways, which may lead to a more rational targeted treatment approach.


Subject(s)
Hypoxia , Cell Cycle , Cell Division , Cholangiocarcinoma , Disease-Free Survival , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Gene Expression , Gluconeogenesis , Glycolysis , Humans , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Positron-Emission Tomography , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Transcriptome
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713271

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The clinical behavior of T2 gallbladder cancer varies among patients. The aims of this study were to identify prognostic factors for survival and recurrence, and to determine the optimal surgical strategy for T2 gallbladder cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 78 patients with T2 gallbladder cancer who underwent surgical resection for gallbladder cancer. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients (35.9%) underwent simple cholecystectomy and 50 (64.1%) underwent extended cholecystectomy. Among 56 patients without LN metastasis (n = 20) or unknown LN status (no LN dissection, n = 36), the 5-year disease-free survival rates were 81.6%, and 69.8% (P = 0.080). In an analysis according to tumor location, patients with tumors located on the hepatic side (n = 36) had a higher recurrence rate than patients with tumors located on the peritoneal side only (n = 35) (P = 0.043). On multivariate analysis, R1 resection and lymph node metastasis were significant, independent prognostic factors for poor disease-free and overall survival. CONCLUSION: R0 resection and LN dissection are an appropriate curative surgical strategy in patients with T2 gallbladder cancer. Tumors located on the hepatic side show worse prognosis than tumors located on the peritoneal side only, hepatic resection should be considered.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Disease-Free Survival , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Gallbladder , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114699

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterized by various types of airway inflammation and obstruction. Therefore, it is classified into several subphenotypes, such as early-onset atopic, obese non-eosinophilic, benign, and eosinophilic asthma, using cluster analysis. A number of asthmatics frequently experience exacerbation over a long-term follow-up period, but the exacerbation-prone subphenotype has rarely been evaluated by cluster analysis. This prompted us to identify clusters reflecting asthma exacerbation. METHODS: A uniform cluster analysis method was applied to 259 adult asthmatics who were regularly followed-up for over 1 year using 12 variables, selected on the basis of their contribution to asthma phenotypes. After clustering, clinical profiles and exacerbation rates during follow-up were compared among the clusters. RESULTS: Four subphenotypes were identified: cluster 1 was comprised of patients with early-onset atopic asthma with preserved lung function, cluster 2 late-onset non-atopic asthma with impaired lung function, cluster 3 early-onset atopic asthma with severely impaired lung function, and cluster 4 late-onset non-atopic asthma with well-preserved lung function. The patients in clusters 2 and 3 were identified as exacerbation-prone asthmatics, showing a higher risk of asthma exacerbation. CONCLUSIONS: Two different phenotypes of exacerbation-prone asthma were identified among Korean asthmatics using cluster analysis; both were characterized by impaired lung function, but the age at asthma onset and atopic status were different between the two.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthma , Clothing , Cluster Analysis , Eosinophils , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Inflammation , Lung , Methods , Phenotype
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114698

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Viral infections are involved in ~50% of exacerbations among Caucasian adult asthmatics. However, there have been few reports on the causative virus of exacerbations in Korean adult asthmatics. Thus, we compared frequencies and types of viruses between lower respiratory tract illnesses (LRTIs) with exacerbations (exacerbated LRTIs) and those without exacerbations (stable LRTIs) to evaluate contribution of respiratory viruses to exacerbations. METHODS: Viral RNA was extracted from sputum using the Viral Gene-spin™ Kit. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to detect adenovirus (ADV), metapneumovirus (MPV), parainfluenza virus (PIV) 1/2/3, influenza virus (IFV) A, IFV B, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) A/B, and rhinovirus (RV) A. RESULTS: Among the 259 patients, 210 underwent a single sputum examination, and the remaining 49 underwent 2 to 4 sputum examinations. Virus was detected in 68 of the 259 exacerbated episodes and in 11 of the 64 stable episodes. Among the exacerbated episodes, RV was the most frequently detected virus, followed by influenza A, parainfluenza, RSV A/B, and ADV. Among the 11 stable episodes, RV was most frequently detected. Detection rates of these viruses did not differ between the 2 groups (P>0.05). Thirty-five patients underwent the virus examination at 2 episodes of exacerbation, while 14 patients underwent at each time of exacerbated and stable episodes. Virus detection rate at the second examination was significantly higher in cases with 2 exacerbation episodes than in those with initial exacerbation and sequential stable episodes (P=0.003). A seasonal pattern was noted in the detection rates of RV (September to December), IFV (January to April), PIV (May to September), and RSV A/B (September to April). CONCLUSIONS: Respiratory viruses were identified in approximately 20% of LRTI irrespective of the presence of asthma exacerbation. RV and IFV A/B were most frequently detected. A group of patients experienced frequent viral infections followed by asthma exacerbations.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Adult , Asthma , Humans , Influenza, Human , Metapneumovirus , Orthomyxoviridae , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Prevalence , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory System , Rhinovirus , RNA, Viral , Seasons , Sputum
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 99-104, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65057

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared the impact of paclitaxel-coated balloons (PCB) or drug eluting stents (DES) on peri-procedural myocardial infarction (PMI) on de novo coronary lesion in stable patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this observational study, we compared the incidence of PMI amongst patients with single vessel de novo coronary lesions who underwent treatment with a PCB or DES. Propensity score-matching analysis was used to assemble a cohort of patients with similar baseline characteristics. PMI was classified as myocardial infarction occurring within 48 hours after percutaneous coronary intervention with a threshold of 5 x the 99th percentile upper reference limit of normal for creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) or troponin T (TnT). RESULTS: One hundred four patients (52 receiving PCB and 52 receiving DES) were enrolled in this study. The peak mean values of CK-MB and TnT were significantly higher in the DES group. There was a significantly higher rate of PMI in the DES group (23.1% vs. 1.9%, p=0.002). Total occlusion of the side-branch occurred in two patients treated with DES, while no patients treated with PCB. In multivariable analysis, DES was the only independent predictor of PMI compared with PCB (odds ratio 42.85, 95% confidence interval: 3.44–533.87, p=0.004). CONCLUSION: Treatment with a PCB on de novo coronary lesion might be associated with a significant reduction in the risk of PMI compared to DES.


Subject(s)
Aged , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/analysis , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Incidence , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/enzymology , Odds Ratio , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Propensity Score , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 694-704, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78954

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of adjunct balloon dilation after drug-eluting stent (DES) deployment has not been sufficiently evaluated. We evaluated whether adjunct balloon dilation was associated with a reduction in major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) after long everolimus-eluting stents (EESs) implantation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Drawing from 2 randomized trials, a total of 1,672 patients treated with long EES were analyzed. Of 1,672 patients, 1,061 patients (64%) received post-stent adjunct balloon dilation. MACE, defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target-lesion revascularization (TLR), was compared between patients who received post-stent adjunct balloon dilation and patients who did not in 595 propensity score-matched pairs. RESULTS: For the matched population, MACE occurred in 29 patients (4.9%) who received adjunct balloon dilation and in 29 patients (4.9%) who did not (hazard ratio [HR], 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.60–1.69; p=0.972). However, significant interactions were observed among the subgroups for clinical presentation and vessel size. Adjunct balloon dilation was more favored within the subset of patients with stable angina vs. the subset of patients with acute coronary syndrome (p for interaction=0.037), and within the subset of lesions with small vessel diameter (reference vessel diameter [RVD] <3 mm) vs. the subset of lesions with larger vessel diameter (RVD ≥3 mm; p for interaction=0.027). CONCLUSION: Adjunct balloon dilation was not associated with MACE reduction at 1 year among patients requiring long EES implantation. However, post-stent adjunct balloon dilation may be necessary for patients requiring long EES implantation who present with stable angina or for lesions with small vessel diameters.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Angina, Stable , Coronary Artery Disease , Death , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Stents , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146655

ABSTRACT

Hepcidin expression is induced by inflammatory molecules such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) via a macrophage-mediated pathway. Although hepatocytes directly respond to LPS, the molecular mechanism underlying toll-like receptor (TLR)-dependent hepcidin expression by hepatocytes is mostly unknown. Here we show that LPS can directly induce the mRNA expression and secretion of hepcidin by hepatocytes via TLR4 activation. Using hepatocytes deficient in TLR4, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and TIR domain-containing adaptor inducing interferon-β (TRIF), we demonstrated that LPS-induced hepcidin expression by hepatocytes is regulated by its specific receptor, TLR4, via a MyD88-dependent signaling pathway. Hepcidin promoter activity was significantly increased by MyD88-dependent downstream signaling molecules (interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), which activate c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and activator protein-1 (AP-1). We then confirmed that LPS stimulation induced the phosphorylation of JNK and c-Jun, and observed strong occupancy of the hepcidin promoter by c-Jun. Promoter mutation analysis also identified the AP-1-binding site on the hepcidin promoter. Finally, bone marrow transplantation between wild-type and TLR4 knockout mice revealed that hepatic TLR4-dependent hepcidin expression was comparable to macrophage TLR4-dependent hepcidin expression induced by LPS. Taken together, these results suggest that TLR4 expressed by hepatocytes regulates hepcidin expression via the IRAK–TRAF6–JNK–AP-1 axis.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151263

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) lead to elevation of reactive oxygen species, which can activate the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family members containing the pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3)-inf lammasome. In this study, we elucidated whether NLRP3 -inf lammasome is activated by DEPs and whether antioxidants (N-acetylcysteine [NAC]) could inhibit such activation. METHODS: RAW 264.7 cells and ex vivo lung tissues explants obtained from elastase-induced emphysema animal models were stimulated with cigarette smoking extract (CSE), DEPs, and lipopolysaccharide, and levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), caspase-1 and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family members containing the pyrin domain (NLRP3)-inflammasome were assessed by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: NAC and caspase-1 inhibitor suppressed CSE- and DEP-induced secretion of IL-1β in RAW 264.7 cells. The expression levels of the NLRP3-inflammasome and caspase-1 were upregulated in RAW 264.7 cells by stimulation with CSE and DEPs and were inhibited by NAC. CSE and DEPs increased the secretion of IL-1β in lung tissues from both the normal and elastase-induced emphysema groups. The secretion of IL-1β by CSE and DEPs was increased in the elastin-induced emphysema group more than that in the normal group (CSE: 309 ± 19 pg/mL vs. 151 ± 13 pg/mL, respectively, p < 0.05; DEP: 350 ± 24 pg/mL vs. 281 ± 15 pg/mL, respectively, p < 0.05). NAC inhibited CSE- and DEP-induced IL-1β secretion in both the normal and elastase-induced emphysema groups. NLRP3-inflammasome expression as determined by immunohistochemistry was increased by CSE and DEPs in both the normal and elastin-induced emphysema groups, and was suppressed by NAC. CONCLUSIONS: The NLRP3-inf lammasome is activated by DEPs in ex vivo tissue explants from elastase-induced emphysema animal model, and this activation is inhibited by NAC.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Blotting, Western , Emphysema , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lung , Models, Animal , Pancreatic Elastase , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Reactive Oxygen Species , Smoking , Vehicle Emissions
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 720-730, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21750

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Differences in the utility of routine angiographic follow-up (RAF) and clinical follow-up (CF) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are not well understood. The present study aimed to compare the 3-year clinical outcomes of RAF and CF in AMI patients who underwent PCI with drug-eluting stents (DES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 774 consecutive AMI patients who underwent PCI with DES were enrolled. RAF was performed at 6 to 9 months after index PCI (n=425). The remaining patients were medically managed and clinically followed (n=349); symptom-driven events were captured. To adjust for any potential confounders, a propensity score matched analysis was performed using a logistic regression model, and two propensity-matched groups (248 pairs, n=496, C-statistic=0.739) were generated. Cumulative clinical outcomes up to 3 years were compared between RAF and CF groups. RESULTS: During the 3-year follow-up period, the cumulative incidences of revascularization [target lesion revascularization: hazard ratio (HR), 2.40; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.18–4.85; p=0.015, target vessel revascularization (TVR): HR, 3.33; 95% CI, 1.69–6.58; p=0.001, non-TVR: HR, 5.64; 95% CI, 1.90–16.6; p=0.002] and major adverse cardiac events (MACE; HR, 3.32; 95% CI, 1.92–5.73; p<0.001) were significantly higher in the RAF group than the CF group. However, the 3-year incidences of death and myocardial infarction were not different between the two groups. CONCLUSION: RAF following index PCI with DES in AMI patients was associated with increased incidences of revascularization and MACE. Therefore, CF seems warranted for asymptomatic patients after PCI for AMI.


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Logistic Models , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 954-958, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26747

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There are no sufficient data on the correlation between inter-arm blood pressure (BP) difference and coronary atherosclerosis found using coronary artery calcium score (CACS). We aimed to investigate if the increased difference in inter-arm BP is independently associated with severity of CACS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who had ≥3 cardiovascular risk factors or an intermediate Framingham Risk Score (FRS; ≥10) were enrolled. Inter-arm BP difference was defined as the absolute difference in BP in both arms. Quantitative CACS was measured by using coronary computed tomography angiography with the scoring system. RESULTS: A total of 261 patients were included in this study. Age (r=0.256, p<0.001), serum creatinine (r=0.139, p=0.030), mean of right arm systolic BP (SBP; r=0.172, p=0.005), mean of left arm SBP (r=0.190, p=0.002), inter-arm SBP difference (r=0.152, p=0.014), and the FRS (r=0.278, p<0.001) showed significant correlation with CACS. The increased inter-arm SBP difference (≥6 mm Hg) was significantly associated with CACS ≥300 [odds ratio (OR) 2.17, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12–4.22; p=0.022]. In multivariable analysis, the inter-arm SBP difference ≥6 mm Hg was also significantly associated with CACS ≥300 after adjusting for clinical risk factors (OR 2.34, 95 % CI 1.06–5.19; p=0.036). CONCLUSION: An increased inter-arm SBP difference (≥6 mm Hg) is associated with coronary atherosclerotic disease burden using CACS, and provides additional information for predicting severe coronary calcification, compared to models based on traditional risk factors.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Arm , Atherosclerosis , Blood Pressure , Calcium , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Creatinine , Humans , Risk Factors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139060

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine which factors affect the prognosis of hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) larger than 5 cm, including the prognostic difference between tumor sizes from 5–10 cm and larger than 10 cm. METHODS: The medical records of 114 patients who underwent hepatectomy for single HCC larger than 5 cm were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: In the analysis of the entire cohort of 114 patients, the 5-year overall and diseases-free survival rates were 50% and 29%, respectively. In a comparison of survival rates between groups, tumor sizes of 5 to 10 cm and larger than 10 cm, the overall and disease-free survival rates were not significantly different, respectively (54% vs. 41%, P = 0.433 and 33% vs. 23%, P = 0.083). On multivariate analysis, positive hepatitis B, high prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II levels over 200 mIU/mL, and vascular invasion (micro- and macrovascular invasion) were independent prognostic factors for recurrence after hepatic resection. However, tumor size larger than 10 cm was not significant for recurrence after resection. CONCLUSION: This study shows that surgical resection of solitary HCC larger than 5 cm showed favorable overall survival. And there is no survival difference with tumors between 5–10 cm and larger than 10 cm.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatectomy , Hepatitis B , Humans , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Prothrombin , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Vitamin K
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139057

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine which factors affect the prognosis of hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) larger than 5 cm, including the prognostic difference between tumor sizes from 5–10 cm and larger than 10 cm. METHODS: The medical records of 114 patients who underwent hepatectomy for single HCC larger than 5 cm were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: In the analysis of the entire cohort of 114 patients, the 5-year overall and diseases-free survival rates were 50% and 29%, respectively. In a comparison of survival rates between groups, tumor sizes of 5 to 10 cm and larger than 10 cm, the overall and disease-free survival rates were not significantly different, respectively (54% vs. 41%, P = 0.433 and 33% vs. 23%, P = 0.083). On multivariate analysis, positive hepatitis B, high prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II levels over 200 mIU/mL, and vascular invasion (micro- and macrovascular invasion) were independent prognostic factors for recurrence after hepatic resection. However, tumor size larger than 10 cm was not significant for recurrence after resection. CONCLUSION: This study shows that surgical resection of solitary HCC larger than 5 cm showed favorable overall survival. And there is no survival difference with tumors between 5–10 cm and larger than 10 cm.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatectomy , Hepatitis B , Humans , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Prothrombin , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Vitamin K
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 337-341, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147357

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared the angiographic outcomes of paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) versus plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) treatment for de novo coronary artery lesions. At present, there is no available data comparing the efficacy of PCB versus POBA for the treatment of de novo coronary lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter retrospective observational study enrolled patients with de novo coronary lesions with a reference vessel diameter between 2.5 mm and 3.0 mm and lesion length or =50%) in POBA, compared to PCB (30.4%, n=7 vs. 4.1%, n=2, p<0.001). Target vessel revascularization was higher in the POBA group (13.0%, n=3 vs. 0%, p=0.033). CONCLUSION: PCB treatment of de novo coronary lesions showed better 9-month angiographic outcomes than POBA treatment alone.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/instrumentation , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Coronary Stenosis/therapy , Coronary Vessels/pathology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies
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