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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of Danhong Injection (, DH) on the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) and myocardial injury in patients with unstable angina undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#Seventy-eight patients with unstable angina were randomly divided into DH group (39 cases) and the control group (39 cases) during elective PCI. Randomization was performed using a random-number table. The DH group received DH at a dosage of 40 mL (mixed with 250 mL saline, covered by a light-proof bag, intravenous drip) during PCI and daily for 7 consecutive days, while the control group only received the same dosage of saline. Both groups received standardized treatment. The IMR and fractional flow reserve (FFR) were measured at maximal hyperemia before and after PCI. Myocardial markers, including myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase MB (CK-MB), and coronary troponin T (cTnT) values were measured at baseline and 24 h after PCI.@*RESULTS@#Among the 78 patients enrolled, the baseline and procedural characteristics were similar between the two groups. There was no significant difference in pre-PCI myocardial markers and coronary physiological indexes between the two groups. However, post-PCI CK and CK-MB levels in the DH group were significantly lower than those in the control group (111.97 ± 80.97 vs. 165.47 ± 102.99, P=0.013; 13.08 ± 6.90 vs. 19.75 ± 15.49, P=0.016). Post-PCI myoglobin and cTNT-positive tend to be lower in the DH group than in the control group but did not reach statistical significance (88.07 ± 52.36 vs. 108.13 ± 90.94, P=0.52; 2.56% vs.7.69%, P=0.065). Compared with the control group, the post-IMR levels of the DH group tended to decrease, but there was no statistical difference (20.73 ± 13.15 vs. 26.37 ± 12.31, P=0.05). There were no statistical differences in post-FFR in both groups. The peri-procedural myocardial injury of the DH group was significantly lower than that of the control group (2.56% vs. 15.38%, P=0.025). During the 30-d follow-up period, no major adverse cardiovascular events occurred in either group.@*CONCLUSION@#This study demonstrated benefit of DH in reducing myocardial injury and potential preserving microvascular function in patients with unstable angina undergoing elective PCI.


Subject(s)
Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Humans , Microcirculation , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Pilot Projects , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Danhong Injection () on improving microcirculatory injury after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A randomized controlled trial was conducted and 90 patients were enrolled. A random sequence was generated using statistical analysis software. Patients with microcirculatory injuries after PCI were randomly divided into 3 groups for treatment (30 subjects in each group): Danhong Injection group: after PCI, Danghong Injections were given with intravenous administration with 40 mL twice a day for a week; statins intensive group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 80 mg once, and then atorvastatin 40 mg daily for 1 week; the control group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 10-20 mg daily for 1 week. The index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) was used to assess microcirculatory injury during PCI. The IMR of the target vessel was reexamined after 1 week of drug treatment.@*RESULTS@#After one week's drug treatment, IMR was significantly decreased in both statins intensive group and Danhong Injection group compared with the control group (P<0.01), but no difference was found between statins intensive group and Danhong injection group (14.03 ± 2.54 vs. 16.03 ± 5.72 U, P=0.080).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of Danhong Injection is non-inferior to statin. Early use of Danhong Injection after PCI can effectively improve coronary microcirculation injury after PCI.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1-8, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Chinese appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization was released in 2016 to improve the use of coronary revascularization. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the appropriateness of coronary revascularization based on the Chinese AUC and 1-year outcomes in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.@*METHODS@#We conducted a prospective, multi-center cohort study of stable CAD patients with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50%. After the classification of appropriateness based on Chinese AUC, patients were categorized into the coronary revascularization group or the medical therapy group based on treatment received. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeated revascularization, and ischemic symptoms with hospital admission.@*RESULTS@#From August 2016 to August 2017, 6085 patients were consecutively enrolled. Coronary revascularization was associated with a lower adjusted hazard of 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45-0.86; P = 0.004) than medical therapy in patients with appropriate indications (n = 1617). No significant benefit in 1-year MACCEs was found after revascularization compared to after medical therapy in patients with uncertain indications (n = 2658, HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.52-1.25; P = 0.338) and inappropriate indications (n = 1810, HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.51-1.23; P = 0.308).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients with appropriate indications according to Chinese AUC, coronary revascularization was associated with significantly lower risk of MACCEs at 1 year. No benefit was found in coronary revascularization in patients with inappropriate indications. Our findings provide evidence for using Chinese AUC to guide clinical decision-making.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT02880605. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2674-2681, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877875

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap.@*METHODS@#A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR).@*RESULTS@#Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1276-1284, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Imprecise interpretation of coronary angiograms was reported and resulted in inappropriate revascularization. Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score is a comprehensive system to evaluate the complexity of the overall lesions. We hypothesized that a real-time SYNTAX score feedback from image analysts may rectify the mis-estimation and improve revascularization appropriateness in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).@*METHODS@#In this single-center, historical control study, patients with stable CAD with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50% were consecutively recruited. During the control period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by treating cardiologists. During the intervention period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by image analysts immediately after coronary angiography and were provided to cardiologists in real-time to aid decision-making. The primary outcome was revascularization deemed inappropriate by Chinese appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3245 patients were enrolled and assigned to the control group (08/2016-03/2017, n = 1525) or the intervention group (03/2017-09/2017, n = 1720). For SYNTAX score tertiles, 17.9% patients were overestimated and 4.3% were underestimated by cardiologists in the control group. After adjustment, inappropriate revascularization significantly decreased in the intervention group compared with the control group (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-0.95; P = 0.007). Both inappropriate percutaneous coronary intervention (adjusted OR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.74-0.92; P < 0.001) and percutaneous coronary intervention utilization (adjusted OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.79-0.98; P = 0.016) decreased significantly in the intervention group. There was no significant difference in 1-year adverse cardiac events between the control group and the intervention group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Real-time SYNTAX score feedback significantly reduced inappropriate coronary revascularization in stable patients with CAD.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Nos. NCT03068858 and NCT02880605; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

6.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 958-963, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703909

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study sought to compare both the safety and efficacy of transradial (TRI) versus transfemoral (TFI) approach in women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in China. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 5 067 women undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China between 2006 and 2011. 4 105 patients underwent TRI and 962 patients underwent TFI. A One-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to control for potential biases. A total of 897 pairs were matched. Results: After controlling for confounders using PSM, baseline and procedural characteristics were well-balanced between TRI and TFI groups. Patients undergoing TRI had significantly fewer major post-PCI bleeding (1.0% vs 3.5%, P<0.001) and access site complications (8.5% vs 19.7%,P<0.001) after PSM. There was no statistical differences in the incidence rates of major adverse cardiac events (a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) during hospitalization (P>0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that TRI was an independent predictor of reduced major bleeding (OR=0.64, 95%CI: 0.54-0.76, P<0.001) and access site complications (OR=0.67, 95%CI:0.61-0.74, P<0.001). Conclusions: Our result show that TRI is related to reduced major bleeding and access site complications as compared to TFI in Chinese female patients undergoing PCI.

7.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 606-610, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703905

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To observe the clinical features and factorsrelated to treatment decision for hospitalizedpatients with mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods:A total of 3 450 consecutivepatients with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) confirmed moderate to severe MR admitted in our hospital from 2014-01-01 to 2015-12-31 were enrolled. Base on therapeutic method, the patients were divided into 2 groups:Surgery group, n=1 845 and Medication group, n=1 605. The baseline data including TTE results were collected, clinical features were compared between 2 groups and factors related to treatment decision were analyzed. Results:Mean age of this patient cohort was (54.8±13.8) years including 26.99% (931/3 450) patients aged ≥65 years. The most common etiology was primary MR, 324 (9.39%) patients were asymptomatic at admission and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was evidenced in 55.28% (1 907) patients. Total in-hospital mortality was 0.75% (26). Compared with Medication group, the patients in Surgery group were younger ([52.65±12.01] years vs [57.39±15.25] years), prevalence of severe MR (56.69% vs 26.79%) and primary MR (89.49% vs 39.00%), as well as LVEF value ([61.62±9.20] % vs [48.00±17.53] %) were higher (all P<0.001).Logistic regression analysis indicated that age (OR=0.561, 95% CI 0.503-0.627), MR etiology (OR=3.062, 95% CI 2.565-3.654), MR grade (OR=0.103, 95% CI 0.085-0.126) and LVEF (OR=2.478, 95% CI 2.147-2.860) were the determinants for treatmentdecision making in hospitalized patients with moderate to severe MR. Conclusions:In this patient cohort, there are considerable proportion of aged patients with moderate to severe MR. Primary MRis the major etiology. 46.52% patients received conservative therpay instead of surgery, older age,secondary MR, moderate MR and decreased LVEF are the major reasons for choosing conservative therapy in this patient cohort.

8.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 419-423, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703873

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the 30-day clinical outcome after simultaneous hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and evaluate the safety and efficiency of simultaneous hybrid coronary revascularization strategy. Methods: Simultaneous HCR was performed in 533 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease at Fuwai hospital from January 2009 to January 2017. These patients were 1:1 matched with patients underwent OPCABG using propensity score matching method. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE) over the 30-day follow-up post-surgery, and the second endpoints were in-hospital outcomes, including chest tube drainage, transfusion rate, mechanical ventilation time and length of stay in intensive care unit. Results: Chest tube drainage post-surgery (ml)(714 [523, 971] vs 965 [716, 1 220], P<0.001),Blood transfusion rate (19.7% vs 34.0%, P=0.024), mechanical ventilation time (hours) (12.6[9.3, 15.7] vs 16.0 [12.8, 18.7], P<0.001), and stay in intensive care unit (hours) (21.7[19.8, 42.4] vs 41.6[23.6, 70.0], P<0.001) were all significantly reduced in the simultaneous HCR group than in OPCABG group. Mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeat revascularization rate and accumulated MACCE rate during the 30-day follow-up were similar between HCR group and OPCABG group .Conclusions: For selected patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, simultaneous HCR provided a safe and effective alternative revascularization strategy. Simultaneous HCR is associated with less blood loss, faster recovery, and fewer perioperative complications and achieved similar and favorable early outcomes as compared with OPCABG strategy.

9.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 336-340, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703860

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the clinical experience for a bridge therapy of percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (PBAV) in treating the patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Methods: A total of 37 patients with severe AS who were not suitable for surgical valvular replacement received PBAV in our hospital from 2011-03 to 2017-03 were retrospectively studied. The patient's mean age was (74±12) years, their clinical and anatomical features, efficacy and safety of operation were observed and the outcomes were evaluated by follow-up study. Results: Patients presented the high surgical risk and worse cardiac function, 50% of them had bicuspid leaflet morphology with severe calcification [HU850=(856.0±658.2) mm3]. Balloon size was chosen by the intra-operative supra-annular diameters; at 7 days after operation, aortic valve orifice area (AVOA) was increased from (0.37±0.10) cm2to (0.87±1.10) cm2, the mean trans-aortic valve gradient pressure decreased form (55.1±22.9) mmHg to (44.8±17.8) mmHg, P<0.001 and LVEF elevated form(35.8±14.3)% to(41.0±12.2)%,P<0.001.There were 4 patients died in hospital,1 received permanent pacemaker and 1 developed severe aortic valve regurgitation. The patients were followed-up for (16.5±11.1)months after operation, 13/37 (35.1%) patients were in transition to surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Conclusions: PBAV may have good early clinical efficacy in severe AS patients who were not suitable for surgical valvular replacement and TAVR; PBAV could be expected to become a bridge therapy, smaller supra-annular diameter was safe and effective for patients having bicuspid leaflet with severe calcification.

10.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 231-235, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703845

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical features and treatment status for elderly in-hospital patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods: A single center retrospective study was conducted in 1 741 patients admitted in our hospital from 2014-05-01 to 2015-04-30 with echocardiography confirmed moderate to severe MR. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Elderly group, n=680(39.06%)patients≥60 years of age and Non-elderly group,n=1 061(60.94%)patients<60 years.Clinical features and treatment status were studied and compared between 2 groups. Results: The mean age in Elderly group was (66.98±5.94) years and the most common type was degenerative MR (41.18%). Compared with Non-elderly group, Elderly group had more patients combining coronary artery disease (37.79% vs 17.43% ), more risk factors of atherosclerosis such as hypertension (45.44% vs 25.17%), diabetes (19.56% vs 8.48%) and hyperglycemia (35.29% vs 19.51%) all P<0.05; Elderly group had the higher EuroSCORE Ⅱ score (5.54±2.42) vs (3.15±1.66), greater left ventricular end diastolic diameter (57.72±12.37) mm vs (57.33±10.19) mm and less patients combining multiple valve disease (35.59% vs 40.81%), less patients received surgical treatment (54.71% vs 63.9%), all P<0.05. The surgery procedures (mitral valve replacement or mitral-plasty) were similar between 2 groups; compared with Non-elderly group, Elderly group had the higher application rate of bio-prosthetic valve (53.88% vs 18.67%), P<0.001. Conclusion: About 40% in-hospital moderate to severe MR patients were the elderly crowd, the most common pathogenesis was degenerative changes which leaded the higher incidences of cardiac complications, worse cardiac function and the higher risk scores for surgical treatment, there were less patients received surgery.

11.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 217-221, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703842

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) supported primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) between very elderly (age ≥ 80 years) and elderly (age < 80 years) patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 288 STEMI patients received IABP supported PPCI in our hospital from 2004-01 to 2015-12 were retrospectively studied. Clinical condition, coronary angiography and follow-up data were analyzed; the patients with pre-operative cardiac shock, mechanical complication and non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome were excluded. Eligible patients were divided into 2 groups: Very elderly group, n=51 and Elderly group, n=237. Major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE) as death, cardiac shock, new or worsen heart failure, re-MI and stroke were studied at 1 month and 1, 2 years after PPCI. Independent predictors for MACCE occurrence were investigated by Cox proportional hazard model analysis.Results: Compared with Elderly group, Very elderly group had increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI (41.2% vs 24.5%), P=0.029 and obviously elevated incidence of stroke (9.8% vs 0.8%), P<0.001. Mortalities were similar between 2 groups at 1 month and 1 year after PPCI (17.6% vs 15.2%) and (25.5% vs 16.9%), both P>0.05; mortality was higher in Very elderly group at 2 years after PPCI (35.3% vs 20.7%), Log-rank P=0.037. Cox proportional hazard model analysis indicated that post-operative TIMI flow < 3 was the strong independent predictor for MACCE occurrence (HR=3.41, 95% CI 2.09-5.56, P<0.001), which was also the strongest predictor for death at different time points as at 1 month after PPCI (HR=9.51, 95% CI 5.23-17.29), at 1 year after PPCI (HR=7.24, 95% CI 4.13-12.69) and at 2 years after PPCI (HR=5.85, 95% CI 3.45-9.94), all P<0.001. Patients ≥ 80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence. Conclusion: Very elderly STEMI patients had the higher mortality at 2 years after IABP supported PPCI and increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI. Patients≥80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence.

12.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 24-29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703809

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the middle and long term clinical outcomes of one-stop hybrid coronary revascularization, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in treating the patients with multivessel coronary artery disease; to explore the optimal indication of one-stop hybrid technology. Methods: Our research included in 3 groups: Hybrid group, n=141 patients received one-stop hybrid coronary revascularization in our hospital from 2006-06 to 2010-16. Meanwhile, 5797 patients received CABG and 4254 received PCI, the major pre-operative risk factors were studied by Logistic regression analysis to calculate propensity score, adjacent matching was used to respectively select 141 subjects from CABG and PCI patients to make 1:1 match with Hybrid group as CABG group and PCI group. EuroSCORE and SYNTAX score were used to make risk stratification in all 3 groups. By EuroSCORE system: low risk ≤ 2, medium risk (3-5) and high risk ≥ 6; by SYNTAX score system: low risk ≤ 24, medium risk (25-29) and high risk ≥ 30. The incidence of major adverse cardiac/cerebral vascular events (MACCE) was compared among 3 groups at different risk stratifications. Results: The mean follow-up time was 4.5 years up to 2015-01. The overall incidence of MACCE was lower in Hybrid group (9.9%) than PCI group (27.7%), P<0.001; while it was similar between Hybrid group and CABG group (19.1%), P=0.150. By EuroSCORE stratification, the incidence of MACCE in low risk and medium risk patients were similar among 3 groups; while in high risk patients, the incidence was lower in Hybrid group than both CABG group (P=0.017) and PCI group (P<0.001). By SYNTAX score stratification, the incidence of MACCE in low risk and medium risk patients were similar among 3 groups; while in high risk patients, the incidence was lower in Hybrid group than PCI group (P<0.001), it was similar between Hybrid group and CABG group (P=0.355). Conclusion: One-stop hybrid technology had the better middle and long term outcomes for treating multivessel coronary artery disease patients with high risk stratification, which provided an alternative strategy in clinical practice.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281395

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare hospital costs and clinical outcomes between transradial intervention (TRI) and transfemoral intervention (TFI) in elderly patients aged over 65 years. Methods We identified 1229 patients aged over 65 years who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China, between January 1 and December 31, 2010. Total hospital costs and in-hospital outcomes were compared between TRI and TFI. An inverse probability weighting (IPW) model was introduced to control potential biases. Results Patients who underwent TRI were younger, less often female, more likely to receive PCI for single-vessel lesions, and less likely to undergo the procedure for ostial lesions. TRI was associated with a cost saving of CNY7495 (95%CI: CNY4419-10 420). Such differences were mainly driven by lower PCI-related costs. TRI patients had shorter length of stay (1.9 days, 95%CI: 1.1-2.7 days), shorter post-procedural stay (0.7 days, 95%CI: 0.3-1.1 days), and fewer major adverse cardiac events (adjusted odds ratio = 0.47, 95%CI: 0.31-0.73). There was no statistical significance in the incidence of post-PCI bleeding between TRI and TFI (P>0.05). Such differences remained consistent in clinically relevant subgroups of acute myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, and stable angina. Conclusion The use of TRI in patients aged over 65 years was associated with significantly reduced hospital costs and more favorable clinical outcomes.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 638-643, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357945

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The impact of body mass index (BMI) on the clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients ≥ 75 years old remained unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1098 elderly patients undergoing PCI with stent implantation were recruited. Patients were divided into four groups by the value of BMI: Underweight (≤ 20.0 kg/m 2 ), normal weight (20.0-24.9 kg/m 2 ), overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m 2 ) and obese (≥ 30.0 kg/m 2 ). Major clinical outcomes after PCI were compared between the groups. The primary endpoint was defined as in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), which included death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target vessel revascularization. The secondary endpoint was defined as 1 year death. Logistic regression analysis was performed to adjust for the potential confounders.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 1077 elderly patients with available BMIs were included in the analysis. Patients of underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese accounted for 5.6%, 45.4%, 41.5% and 7.5% of the population, respectively. Underweight patients were more likely to attract ST-segment elevation MI, and get accompanied with anemia or renal dysfunction. Meanwhile, they were less likely to achieve thrombolysis in MI 3 grade flow after PCI, and receive beta-blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker after discharge. In underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese patients, in-hospital MACE were 1.7%, 2.7%, 3.8%, and 3.7% respectively (P = 0.68), and 1 year mortality rates were 5.0%, 3.9%, 5.1% and 3.7% (P = 0.80), without significant difference between the groups. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the value of BMI was not associated with in-hospital MACE in patients at 75 years old.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The BMI "obese paradox" was not found in patients ≥ 75 years old. It was suggested that BMI may not be a sensitive predictor of adverse cardiovascular events in elderly patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 733-739, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350412

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Whether final kissing balloon (FKB) dilatation after one-stent implantation at left-main (LM) bifurcation site remains unclear. Therefore, this large sample and long-term follow-up study comparatively assessed the impact of FKB in patients with unprotected LM disease treated with one-stent strategy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total 1528 consecutive patients underwent LM percutaneous coronary intervention in one center from January 2004 to December 2010 were enrolled; among them, 790 patients treated with one drug-eluting stent crossover LM to left anterior descending (LAD) with FKB (n = 230) or no FKB (n = 560) were comparatively analyzed. Primary outcome was the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events, defined as a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target vessel revascularization (TVR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall, The prevalence of true bifurcation lesions, which included Medina classification (1,1,1), (1,0,1), or (0,1,1), was similar between-groups (non-FKB: 37.0% vs. FKB: 39.6%, P = 0.49). At mean 4 years follow-up, rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (non-FKB: 10.0% vs. FKB: 7.8%, P = 0.33), death, MI and TVR were not significantly different between-groups. In multivariate propensity-matched regression analysis, FKB was not an independent predictor of adverse outcomes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For patients treated with one-stent crossover LM to LAD, clinical outcomes appear similar between FKB and non-FKB strategy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 762-767, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350407

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) through transradial approach (TRA) has shown to be safe and effective as transfemoral approach (TFA) among unselected patients. However, very few studies have compared the outcomes between TRA and TFA specifically in patients with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 404 post-CABG patients who had undergone angiography or PCI were included in the study. The primary endpoint was defined as angiographic success and procedure success. The secondary endpoint was defined as in-hospital net adverse clinical events (NACEs), which included all cause of death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, repeat revascularization, and major bleeding. Patients were followed-up for 1-year. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), which included death, MI, and repeat revascularization, at 1-year follow-up were also compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The angiographic success was reached by 97.4% in the TRA group compared with 100% in the TFA group (P = 0.02). The procedure success was achieved in 99.1% in the TRA group and 97.9% in the TFA group (P = 0.68). The incidence rates of in-hospital NACE (2.7% vs. 2.7%, P = 1.00) and 1-year MACE (11.5% vs. 12.0%, P = 0.88) were similar between TRA and TFA. Meanwhile, TRA was associated with a lower rate of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium ≥2 bleeding (P = 0.02). In patients undergoing graft PCI, the procedure success was similar between TRA and TFA (100.0% vs. 98.7%, P = 1.00). The procedure time (25.0 min vs. 27.5 min, P = 0.53) was also similar. No significant difference was detected between TRA and TFA in terms of in-hospital NACE (0 vs. 0, P = 1.00) and 1-year MACE (21.4% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.19).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with TFA, TRA had lower angiographic success but had a similar procedure success in post-CABG patients. TRA was also associated with decreased bleeding and shortened hospital stay.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Angiography , Methods , Coronary Artery Bypass , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3132-3137, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275549

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA) is a typical image pattern of neointima detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) after stent implantation. However, few studies evaluated the predictors and prognosis of the PLIA; therefore, we aimed to explore the genesis and prognosis of PLIA detected by OCT in this study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients presenting neointimal hyperplasia documented by OCT reexamination after percutaneous coronary intervention were prospectively included from 2009 to 2011. Peri-strut intensity was analyzed and classified into two patterns: Low-intensity and high-intensity. Clinical characteristics were analyzed to assess their contribution to peri-strut intensity patterns. Follow-up were performed in patients who did not receive revascularization during OCT reexamination, and the prognosis of the patients was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 128 patients underwent OCT reexamination after stent implantation included in the study. PLIA was detected in 22 (17.2%) patients. The incidence of PLIA was positively correlated with serum triglyceride (odds ratio [OR]: 2.11, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-3.90, P = 0.017), low-density lipoprotein (OR: 2.61, 95% CI: 1.22-5.66, P = 0.015), history of cerebrovascular disease (OR: 101.11, 95% CI: 6.54-1562.13, P < 0.001), and initial clinical presentation of acute coronary syndrome (ACS, OR: 18.77, 95% CI: 2.73-128.83, P = 0.003) while negatively correlated with stent implantation time (OR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.33-0.98, P = 0.043). The median follow-up was longer than 3.8 years. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) occurred in 7 (7.3%) patients while showed no correlation with PLIA. A total of 17 (17.7%) patients experienced unstable angina (UA) and showed significant correlation with PLIA (hazard ratio: 6.16, 95% CI: 1.25-30.33, P = 0.025).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PLIA detected by OCT was positively correlated with higher serum lipid level, history of cerebrovascular disease and initial presentation of ACS, and negatively correlated with stent implantation time. Patients with PLIA were more likely to have UA than those with high-intensity while no significant difference was found in MACEs.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Blood , Pathology , Aged , Angina, Unstable , Blood , Pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Neointima , Blood , Pathology , Prospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Methods , Triglycerides , Blood
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1471-1478, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Major side branch (SB) occlusion is one of the most serious complications during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for bifurcation lesions. We aimed to characterize the incidence and predictors of major SB occlusion during coronary bifurcation intervention.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We selected consecutive patients undergoing PCI (using one stent or provisional two stent strategy) for bifurcation lesions with major SB. All clinical characteristics, coronary angiography findings, PCI procedural factors and quantitative coronary angiographic analysis data were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of SB occlusion. SB occlusion after main vessel (MV) stenting was defined as no blood flow or any thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade decrease in SB after MV stenting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among all 652 bifurcation lesions, 32 (4.91%) SBs occluded. No blood flow occurred in 18 lesions and TIMI flow grade decreasing occurred in 14 lesions. In multivariate analysis, diameter ratio between MV/SB (odds ratio [OR]: 7.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.53-38.85, P = 0.01), bifurcation angle (OR: 1.03, 95% CI: 1.02-1.05, P < 0.01), diameter stenosis of SB before MV stenting (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 1.03-1.07, P < 0.01), TIMI flow grade of SB before MV stenting (OR: 3.59, 95% CI: 1.48-8.72, P < 0.01) and left ventricular eject fraction (LVEF) (OR: 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02-1.11, P < 0.01) were independent predictors of SB occlusion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Among clinical and angiographic findings, diameter ratio between MV/SB, bifurcation angle, diameter stenosis of SB before MV stenting, TIMI flow grade of SB before MV stenting and LVEF were predictive of major SB occlusion after MV stenting.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242903

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relevant factors of coronary artery disease (CAD) in young people under 40 years of age.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study population was 292 young patients accepting coronary angiography in Fuwai Hospital from July to December 2006, including 272 men and 20 women, with the mean age being 36.7 ± 3.7 years. The diagnosis of CAD was made in the cases presenting ≥ 50% stenosis in coronary lumen in coronary angiography. Based on the diagnosis, 217 patients (204 men, 13 women) were assigned to CAD group, and 75 (68 men, 7 women) to non-CAD group. Clinical data and metabolic characteristics of the patients were collected and analyzed using t-test, χ² test, and multinomial logistic regression with SPSS 8.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Most study subjects were current smokers (209/292, 71.6%), and more than half had body mass index (BMI)>24 kg/m² (230/292, 78.8%) and usually took high-fat diet (162/292, 55.5%). The proportion of heavy smokers (smoking history ≥ 10 years and ≥ 20 cigarettes per day) were significantly higher in the CAD group than in the non-CAD group [20.7% (45/217) vs. 9.3% (7/75), P=0.015)]. Heavy smoking [odds ratio (OR), 1.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.74-2.05], hypertension (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.48-1.65), alcohol (OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.30-1.46), type 2 diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.25-1.50), high-fat diet (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.28-1.43), and BMI>24 kg/m² (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.03-1.17) were factors related to CAD in the young patients (all P<0.05). Total cholesterol (4.56 ± 1.46 mmol/L vs. 4.09 ± 1.00 mmol/L), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (2.38 ± 1.11 mmol/L vs. 2.14 ± 0.63 mmol/L), lipoprotein a (134.97 ± 109.70 mg/L vs. 101.58 ± 58.39 mg/L), uric acid (359.89 ± 100.09 μmol/L vs. 336.75 ± 94.36 μmol/L), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (9.98 ± 12.19 mm/hour vs. 4.89 ± 4.92 mm/hour), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (3.42 ± 4.39 mg/L vs. 2.80 ± 3.77 mg/L) and Big endothelin-1 (1.41 ± 1.50 fmol/mL vs. 0.77 ± 1.13 fmol/mL) in plasma were significantly increased in the CAD group compared with the non-CAD group (all P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Heavy smoking, hypertension, alcohol consumption, type 2 diabetes mellitus, high-fat diet and BMI>24 kg/m² were significantly related to CAD in patients aged ≤ 40, with heavy smoking presenting the highest OR. Metabolic syndrome and inflammation were also more common in young CAD patients than in non-CAD patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Alcohol Drinking , Epidemiology , Angiography , China , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Epidemiology , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Epidemiology , Diet, High-Fat , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Logistic Models , Male , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoking , Epidemiology , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 609-614, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342530

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) represent a high risk group of patients for coronary revascularization. There are limited data on percutaneous coronary intervention treatment in this population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among a cohort of 4335 patients with three-vessel disease with or without left main disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, 191 patients had LVEF < 40% (low ejection fraction (EF)) and 4144 patients had LVEF ≥ 40%. In-hospital and long-term outcomes were examined according to LVEF.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The estimated two-year rates of major adverse cardiac events, cardiac death, and myocardial infarction were significantly higher in the low EF group (19.64% vs. 8.73%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01; 10.30% vs. 1.33%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01, and 10.32% vs. 2.28%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01 respectively), but there was no difference in the rates of target vessel revascularization (6.18% vs. 6.11%, Log-rank test: P = 0.96). Using the Cox proportional hazard models, LVEF < 40% was a significant risk factor for cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiac events (OR (95%CI): 4.779 (2.369 - 9.637), 2.673 (1.353 - 5.282), and 1.827 (1.187 - 2.813) respectively), but was not a statistically significant risk factor for target vessel revascularization (OR (95%CI): 1.094 (0.558 - 2.147)).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for multivessel coronary artery disease, left ventricular dysfunction remains associated with further risk of cardiac death in-hospital and during long-term follow-up.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ventricular Function, Left , Physiology
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