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1.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1109-1114, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001786

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To report a case of orbital infarction syndrome in a patient with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH).Case summary: A 70-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus and hypertension was referred to the Department of Ophthalmology for sudden-onset left upper eyelid ptosis after being diagnosed with HLH. After 3 days, the best corrected visual acuity in the right eye was 0.8, while there was no light perception in the left eye. In the left eye, the ocular motility examination showed limitations in all fields of gaze. On fundus examination, optic disc pallor, retinal hemorrhage, and narrowed retinal arteries were observed in the left eye. Fluorescein angiography showed no blood flow in the retinal arteries and veins in the left eye. On neck computed tomography angiography, the left distal internal carotid artery was narrowed. Orbit computed tomography showed exophthalmos and extraocular muscle hypertrophy in the left eye. Orbit magnetic resonance imaging confirmed optic nerve edema, enhancement of the optic nerve sheath, and high signal intensity of the intraocular fat in the left eye. Slit-lamp examination revealed ischemia of the anterior segment and ischemic necrosis of the eyelid in the left eye. The patient was diagnosed with orbital infarction syndrome. @*Conclusions@#Several factors may lead to ischemia of the orbital tissues in patients with HLH, including coagulopathy, an increased incidence of blood clots, and inflammation in the orbit. It is necessary to consider the possibility of orbital infarction syndrome when HLH patients present with visual loss, ocular movement limitations, and anterior segment ischemia.

2.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1120-1125, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001784

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We report a case of retinopathy related to bilateral hyperviscosity syndrome in a patient with Waldenström macroglobulinemia.Case summary: A 77-year-old male presented with reduced visual acuities of both eyes 2 months in duration. Fundus examination revealed extensive flame-shaped retinal hemorrhages and venous congestion. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) evidenced macular edema and OCT angiography (OCTA) indicated damage to the superficial and deep capillary plexi of retina and choriocapillaris and dilated large choroidal vessels. We diagnosed central retinal vein occlusion with macular edema and prescribed intravitreal bevacizumab and posterior subtenon triamcinolone injections, however, the edema did not improve. As retinopathy associated with hematological disease was thus suspected, we referred the patient to our department of hematology and oncology for further assessment. He was diagnosed with Waldenström macroglobulinemia. After initiation of chemotherapy, the retinal hemorrhage in and macular edema of both eyes decreased. After six chemotherapy cycles, the retinal hemorrhages resolved and the macular edema improved in both eyes. OCTA revealed that the choroidal vessel dilation also improved. @*Conclusions@#In elderly patients presenting with central retinal vein occlusions and macular edema of both eyes, it is important to assess whether the retinopathy is associated with a hyperviscosity syndrome linked to a hematological disease.

3.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 605-612, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001777

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare the level of agreement between the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT), iCare IC200 rebound tonometer (IRT), and noncontact tonometer (NCT) in patients who underwent Descemet membrane stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK), and to identify factors contributing to variations in intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements among the three tonometers. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 41 patients who underwent DSEK. IOP was measured using NCT, IRT, and GAT, in this order. We evaluated the level of agreement among IOP measurements using the three tonometers, and analyzed whether clinical factors affected the results. @*Results@#We analyzed 49 eyes of 41 patients (average age: 62.0 years). The IOP values measured by IRT and NCT were lower than those measured by GAT, although the difference was not significant (p = 0.098 and p = 0.320, respectively). A Bland-Altman plot showed greater agreement between IOP measurements obtained by IRT and GAT than those obtained by NCT and GAT. In multivariate regression analysis, the IOP measured by GAT (β = 0.215, p = 0.022), corneal curvature (β = -1.692, p = 0.037), and postoperative duration (β = 0.042, p = 0.018) affected the difference in IOPs measured by GAT and IRT. The IOP measured by GAT (β = 0.301, p = 0.013) and corneal curvature (β = -2.670, p = 0.010) affected the difference in IOP measurements obtained by GAT and NCT. @*Conclusions@#In DSEK eyes, IRT showed good agreement and high correlation with GAT, suggesting that it is useful for IOP measurement. However, the IOP measured by GAT, corneal curvature, and postoperative duration should be considered when measuring IOP with an IRT.

4.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 206-210, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916431

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To report a case of fungal endophthalmitis secondary to Exophiala xenobiotica after cataract surgery.Case summary: A 79-year-old male presented with decreased visual acuity in the left eye 8 months after cataract surgery. He was diagnosed with uveitis and received subtenon triamcinolone injection, which has a temporary effect. Three months after the injection, his visual acuity had decreased, such that best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the left eye was hand motion. Anterior chamber cells with hypopyon and severe vitritis with vitreous haze were observed in the left eye. We considered the possibility of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery, and repetitive anterior chamber irrigation with culture was conducted to identify pathogens. Systemic and intravitreal antifungal agents were injected after the isolation of Exophiala xenobiotica. However, there was no improvement of the endophthalmitis, and he underwent pars plana vitrectomy. Although inflammatory symptoms disappeared after surgery, black lesions in the corneal incision site were identified 3 months postoperatively. Ultimately, surgical debridement and anterior chamber injections of antifungal agents were performed for recurring endophthalmitis. After the surgery, there was no inflammation of the anterior chamber or vitreous cavity. The BCVA of the left eye improved to 0.5. @*Conclusions@#Ophthalmologists should consider the possibility of fungal endophthalmitis in patients who suffer from uveitis-like symptoms after cataract surgery.

5.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1428-1434, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916414

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We report two cases of tacrolimus-related transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) retinopathy in leukemia patients who had undergone allogenic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT).Case summary: (Case 1) A 58-year-old woman with a history of PBSCT due to acute myelocytic leukemia and taking tacrolimus was referred to the ophthalmology clinic with visual disturbance. Her visual acuity (VA) was 0.4 in the right eye and 0.5 in the left eye. Multiple cotton wool spots and retinal hemorrhages were found in both eyes on fundus examination. Multiple capillary non-perfusions were seen on fluorescein angiography (FA). Tacrolimus-related TA-TMA retinopathy was suspected. Tacrolimus was discontinued and plasmapheresis was performed. After 3 months, neovascular glaucoma developed and her VA became “counting fingers” at 20 cm in both eyes. (Case 2) A 20-year-old man with a history of PBSCT due to acute lymphocytic leukemia and taking tacrolimus was referred to our clinic because of decreased VA in both eyes. His VA was 0.05 in the right eye and 0.025 in the left eye. Fundus and FA findings were the same as in Case 1, and the patient was suspected to have tacrolimus-related TA-TMA retinopathy. Tacrolimus was discontinued and plasmapheresis was performed. His VA was 0.2 in the right eye and 0.4 in the left eye at 1 month after treatment. @*Conclusions@#It is necessary to consider TA-TMA retinopathy in leukemia patients taking calcineurin inhibitors, such as tacrolimus, who have decreased VA. Early diagnosis and treatment are important.

6.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1252-1258, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901126

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and iridocorneal angle (ICA) configuration during smartphone use under room light. @*Methods@#We included healthy adults aged 19-35 years with no ophthalmological abnormalities. All read text on a smartphone for 6 minutes under room light. IOP was measured via rebound tonometry at baseline and at 2, 4, and 6 minutes. ICA images were obtained via anterior segment optical coherence tomography after each IOP measurement. After 6 minutes, participants stopped reading text and rested for 2 minutes. IOP was then measured again. @*Results@#The IOP significantly increased at 2, 4, and 6 minutes of reading compared to baseline (p < 0.001) but recovered to baseline after 2 minutes of rest (p = 1.000). The anterior chamber depth decreased significantly, and the anterior chamber angle width increased after 6 minutes of smartphone reading (both p < 0.05). @*Conclusions@#IOP increased when reading smartphone text under room light but the ICA did not change. Prolonged smartphone reading is inappropriate for a patient at risk of glaucoma or glaucoma progression. Such patients should be cautioned.

7.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 216-221, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875056

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate changes in ocular surface pH after 23-gauge microincision vitrectomy surgery. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 42 patients who underwent 23-gauge microincision vitrectomy. Best-corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure were measured. Fundus examination, color fundus photography, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were performed. Chemosis was evaluated once a day after surgery, and the ocular surface pH was measured using a microelectrode on the day before surgery and every day up to day 5 after surgery. @*Results@#A total of 42 eyes in 42 patients were examined. The average age was 63.7 years. The indications for surgery included epiretinal membrane in 14 eyes (33.3%), vitreous hemorrhage in 11 eyes (26.2%), macular hole in 11 eyes (26.2%), and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in six eyes (14.3%). Although the mean ocular surface pH increased from 7.12 ± 0.04 to 7.55 ± 0.04 on the first day after surgery (p < 0.001), it gradually decreased to 7.41 ± 0.03 from the second day postoperatively (p < 0.001). It was subsequently measured as 7.33 ± 0.04 on the third day (p < 0.001) and 7.23 ± 0.03 on the fourth day (p < 0.001) postoperatively. On the fifth postoperative day, the ocular surface pH further decreased to 7.15 ± 0.03 (p = 0.152) and recovered to the preoperative state. A statistically significant correlation was found between the change in ocular surface pH and the chemosis grade (p = 0.001). @*Conclusions@#After 23-gauge microincision vitrectomy surgery, the ocular surface pH shifted temporarily in the alkaline direction within a physiological range correlated with chemosis and intravitreal tamponade usage.

8.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1252-1258, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893422

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and iridocorneal angle (ICA) configuration during smartphone use under room light. @*Methods@#We included healthy adults aged 19-35 years with no ophthalmological abnormalities. All read text on a smartphone for 6 minutes under room light. IOP was measured via rebound tonometry at baseline and at 2, 4, and 6 minutes. ICA images were obtained via anterior segment optical coherence tomography after each IOP measurement. After 6 minutes, participants stopped reading text and rested for 2 minutes. IOP was then measured again. @*Results@#The IOP significantly increased at 2, 4, and 6 minutes of reading compared to baseline (p < 0.001) but recovered to baseline after 2 minutes of rest (p = 1.000). The anterior chamber depth decreased significantly, and the anterior chamber angle width increased after 6 minutes of smartphone reading (both p < 0.05). @*Conclusions@#IOP increased when reading smartphone text under room light but the ICA did not change. Prolonged smartphone reading is inappropriate for a patient at risk of glaucoma or glaucoma progression. Such patients should be cautioned.

9.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 808-815, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766889

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of choroidal neovascularization in a Best disease patient treated with intravitreal bevacizumab injection and followed up with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). CASE SUMMARY: A 20-year-old female visited our clinic with decreased visual acuity of the left eye for 6 months. On optical coherence tomography (OCT), subretinal fluid and hyperreflective subretinal clumps were observed in the macula of the right eye. Subretinal hemorrhage and subretinal fluid were observed in the left eye. Choroidal neovascularization in the left eye was observed using OCTA, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography. A full-field electroretinogram was normal in both eyes, but an electrooculogram revealed that the Arden ratio was 1.564 in the right eye and 1.081 in the left eye. Intravitreal bevacizumab injection was performed in the left eye. At 6 months after the intravitreal injection, the best-corrected visual acuity of the left eye had recovered to 20/20. OCT revealed that subretinal fluid reduced and choroidal neovascularization was stable. After 12 months, visual acuity of the left eye was maintained at 20/20, but OCTA revealed that choroidal neovascularization had increased. CONCLUSIONS: Choroidal neovascularization associated with Best disease can improve by intravitreal bevacizumab injection, and the changes in choroidal neovascularization can be followed using OCTA.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Angiography , Bevacizumab , Choroid , Choroidal Neovascularization , Electrooculography , Fluorescein Angiography , Hemorrhage , Indocyanine Green , Intravitreal Injections , Subretinal Fluid , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Acuity , Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy
10.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1006-1009, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766829

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of anterior uveitis secondary to Listeria monocytogenes infection. CASE SUMMARY: A 57-year-old male presented to our clinic with ocular pain and decreased vision in the right eye for 2 days. The patient had a history of liver transplantation 2 years prior and used immunosuppressive agents. Listeria monocytogenes was identified in blood cultures 1 month before his visit. At presentation, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the right eye was counting fingers at 20 cm and the intraocular pressure (IOP) was 50 mmHg. Conjunctival hyperemia, corneal edema, keratic precipitates, and cells in the anterior chamber were observed in the right eye. The patient was diagnosed as anterior uveitis in the right eye. Conventional uveitis treatment was initiated but clinical features did not improve and black hypopyon appeared. The possibility of anterior uveitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes infection was considered. An anterior chamber tap and culture were conducted to identify pathogens. Anterior chamber antibiotic injections and systemic antibiotic injections were performed. One week after injection, the BCVA of the right eye improved to 0.4 and the IOP decreased to 14 mmHg. One month after injection, the BCVA of the right eye improved to 1.0 and the IOP decreased to 16 mmHg. No inflammation of the anterior chamber was observed. CONCLUSIONS: When nonspecific uveitis occurs in immunosuppressed patients, cultures and appropriate antibiotics should be considered because of the possibility of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Chamber , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Corneal Edema , Endophthalmitis , Fingers , Hyperemia , Immunosuppressive Agents , Inflammation , Intraocular Pressure , Listeria monocytogenes , Listeria , Liver Transplantation , Uveitis , Uveitis, Anterior , Visual Acuity
11.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 94-98, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713321

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To describe the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings of ganglion cysts with effusion in the flexor hallucis longus tendon sheath around the hallux to evaluate their origin. METHODS: Patients with recurrent or painful ganglion cysts around the hallux with effusion in the flexor hallucis longus tendon sheath who underwent surgical treatment at St. Vincent's Hospital from February 2007 to August 2016 were investigated. Surgical indication was a painful or recurrent mass caused by the cystic lesions. Those without effusion of the flexor hallucis longus tendon sheath were excluded. We assessed the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings. RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in all patients showed several ganglion cysts around the hallux and large fluid accumulations within the flexor hallucis longus tendon sheath. Regarding the location, six ganglion cysts were on the dorsomedial aspect, one on the plantar medial aspect, seven on the plantar lateral aspect, and one in the toe pulp. Ten patients showed joint effusions in both the metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints, two in the metatarsophalangeal joints, and three in the interphalangeal joints. There were communication stalks with a tail shape or abutment between ganglion cysts with surrounding joint effusions. Intraoperatively, connections between ganglion cysts, the synovial cyst of the flexor hallucis longus tendon sheath, and surrounding joints were seen. CONCLUSIONS: Synovial fluid accumulation in the metatarsophalangeal or interphalangeal joint supplies the synovial cyst of the flexor hallucis longus tendon sheath and subsequently ganglion cysts in the hallux. In clinical practice, the surgeon should carefully check surrounding joints with tendon sheaths to prevent recurrence of the ganglion cysts around the hallux.


Subject(s)
Humans , Equipment and Supplies , Ganglion Cysts , Hallux , Joints , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metatarsophalangeal Joint , Recurrence , Synovial Cyst , Synovial Fluid , Tail , Tendons , Toes
12.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 143-151, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713738

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper was to determine the ability of a mixture consisting of mesenchymal stem cells, beta-tricalcium phosphate β-TCP), and hydrogel, to support cells and form new tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A composite was produced by adding β-TCP to hydrogel, and mesenchymal stem cells were cultivated in the composite. Then, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was conducted to measure the level of gene expression for the new bone formation in the cells. Moreover, a composite in which the mesenchymal stem cells were added was injected into the subcutaneous fat of sprague-dawley rats. After four weeks, H&E, Masson trichrome, silver nitrate staining, and osterix immunohistochemical staining were conducted by taking the tissue to evaluate whether the composite supported mesenchymal stem cells and formed new tissue. RESULTS: By using RT-PCR, we found that the level of gene expression became significantly higher in 3-dimensional gel culture with RUNX2 by 1.26 times, with osteopontin by 1.23 times, transforming growth factor-β by 2.12 times, osterix by 1.07 times, type I collagen by 1.3 times, and fibronectin by 1.3 times. In the animal experiment in which a composite was transplanted into the subcutaneous fat, newly formed tissue was observed. Also, it was found that the composite prevented mesenchymal stem cells from leaving and formed new tissue. Osteogenic differentiation cells in the tissue was observed through osterix immunostaining. CONCLUSION: It was identified that the composite prevented mesenchymal stem cells dispersal and contributed to the formation of neogenic tissue. Therefore we conclude that the composite plays a role of a scaffold to support the implanted cells and form neogenic tissue more effectively.


Subject(s)
Animal Experimentation , Collagen Type I , Fibronectins , Gene Expression , Hydrogels , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Osteopontin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcription , Silver Staining , Subcutaneous Fat
13.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1097-1102, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738484

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of toxic optic neuropathy caused by chlorfenapyr ingestion accompanied by central nervous system involvement. CASE SUMMARY: A 44-year-old female visited our clinic complaining of reduced visual acuity in both eyes for 7 days. She had ingested a mouthful of chlorfenapyr for a suicide attempt 2 weeks prior to the visit. Gastric lavage was performed immediately after ingestion at the other hospital. Her best-corrected visual acuity was finger count 30 cm in the right eye and hand motion in the left eye. Both pupils were dilated by 5.0 mm and the response to light was sluggish in both eyes. A relative afferent pupillary defect was detected in her left eye. Funduscopy revealed optic disc swelling in both eyes. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a symmetric hyper-intense signal in the white matter tract including the internal capsule, corpus callosum, middle cerebellar peduncle, and brainstem. The patient was diagnosed with toxic optic neuropathy induced by chlorfenapyr ingestion, and underwent high-dose intravenous corticosteroid pulse therapy. Three days later, the best-corrected visual acuity was no light perception in both eyes. Three months later, optic atrophy was observed in both eyes. Optical coherence tomography revealed a reduction in the thicknesses of the retinal nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer in the macular area. CONCLUSIONS: Ingestion of even a small amount of chlorfenapyr can cause severe optic nerve damage through the latent period, despite prompt lavage and high-dose steroid treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Brain , Brain Stem , Central Nervous System , Corpus Callosum , Eating , Fingers , Ganglion Cysts , Gastric Lavage , Hand , Internal Capsule , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Cerebellar Peduncle , Mouth , Nerve Fibers , Optic Atrophy , Optic Nerve , Optic Nerve Diseases , Poisoning , Pupil , Pupil Disorders , Retinaldehyde , Suicide , Therapeutic Irrigation , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Acuity , White Matter
14.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 439-445, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80653

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the change of residual volume of eye drop after instillation in patients with 23-gauge microincision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS). METHODS: Patient who were treated 23-gauge MIVS from November 2014 to July 2015 were included. The residual volume was defined as the amount of remnant eye drop in patient's eyes after instillation, calculated as the difference between instillation volume and spilled volume of eye drop. Calculation of residual volume of eye drop was performed one day before surgery, and daily from postoperative day 1 to day 5. RESULTS: Forty consecutive patients were included. The residual volume of eye drop decreased from 30.3 ± 1.4 µL at baseline to 13.0 ± 1.5 µL at day 1, 18.3 ± 1.6 µL at day 2, 24.7 ± 1.5 µL at day 3, and 27.9 ± 1.4 µL in day 4, postoperatively (p < 0.001, respectively). The volume at postoperative day 5 was 29.4 ± 1.3 µL, but it was not different from the volume at baseline (p = 0.105). The change of residual volume was significantly correlated with postoperative chemosis (r = 0.672, p < 0.001) and effected by the number of quadrant with postoperative chemosis (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that postoperative residual volume of eye drop after instillation decreased until postoperative day 4, and postoperative chemosis affects the change of residual volume. Thus, checking proper use of eye drops and teaching about instillation technique by physician is necessary for patients with 23-gauge MIVS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmic Solutions , Residual Volume , Vitrectomy
15.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1640-1644, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77257

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of endothelial keratitis occurred after reactivation of herpes simplex virus following immunosuppressant therapy for Kaposi's varicelliform eruption. CASE SUMMARY: A 23-year-old female was referred for ocular pain and blurred vision. She had atopic dermatitis and was diagnosed with Kaposi's varicelliform eruption on her face after using an immunosuppressant. Slit lamp examination revealed central corneal edema in the right eye. She was initially diagnosed with contact lens-induced keratitis. Subsequently, the contact lens was removed and topical antiviral agent used for prevention of ocular involvement. Four days after treatment, Wesseley immune ring of deep stromal haze and cells in the anterior chamber were present. She was diagnosed with endothelial keratitis caused by reactivation of herpes simplex virus after using an immunosuppressant. Topical steroid, hypertonic saline eye drops and cycloplegic eye drops were added to the treatment for the progression of endothelial keratitis. Corneal edema was decreased 2 weeks after treatment and anterior chamber cells decreased 1 month after treatment. There was no recurrence during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Patients diagnosed with Kaposi's varicelliform eruption after using immunosuppressants should have an ophthalmic examination to confirm ocular involvement; use of appropriate eye drops is necessary for the treatment of corneal involvement.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Anterior Chamber , Corneal Edema , Dermatitis, Atopic , Follow-Up Studies , Immunosuppressive Agents , Kaposi Varicelliform Eruption , Keratitis , Ophthalmic Solutions , Recurrence , Simplexvirus , Slit Lamp
17.
The Journal of the Korean Bone and Joint Tumor Society ; : 66-73, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153963

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Various diagnostic imaging modalities have been used to evaluate the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for osteosarcoma early and noninvasively. We evaluated the effectiveness of imaging studies of plain radiographs and positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in predicting neoadjuvant chemotherapy effect for osteosarcoma and tried to establish a general principle in interpretation of PET/CT parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients who underwent two cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgical excision for osteosarcoma were enrolled. There were 13 males and 5 females, with a median age of 19 (11-63) years. Fifteen patients of 18 had the American Joint Committe on Cancer (AJCC) stage IIB. They had plain radiographs and PET/CT before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The resected tumor specimens were pathologically examined to determine histological response grade using a conventional mapping method. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the correlation between histopathological necrosis rate, and radiographic finding category, post-chemotherapy maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), average standardized uptake value and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) as well as reduction rates of them. RESULTS: Eight patients were good responders to neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on histological evaluation. Median SUVmax reduction rate was 73 (23-77) % in good responders and 42 (-32-76) % in poor responders. Median MTV reduction rate was 93.5 (62-99) % in good responders and 46 (-81-100) % in poor responders. While radiographic finding category was not different according to histological response (p=1.0), SUVmax reduction rate was significantly different (p=0.041). Difference in MTV reduction rates approached statistical significance as well (p=0.071). CONCLUSION: While radiographic finding category was not reliable to assess neoadjuvant chemotherapy effect for osteosarcoma, reduction rate of SUVmax was a useful indicator in this study. As parameters of PET/CT can be influenced by various factors of settings, different centers have to make an effort to establish their own standard of judgement with reference of previous studies.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Joints , Necrosis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Osteosarcoma , Positron-Emission Tomography , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Tumor Burden
18.
The Journal of the Korean Bone and Joint Tumor Society ; : 9-13, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88312

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated oncologic outcomes of chondrosarcomas and analyzed the disease-free survival rate of chondrosarcomas according to the various factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study for the disease-free survival rate of 48 chondrosarcomas, 44 of which underwent surgical treatment and followed up more than 18 months since 1993, and in the remaining 4 cases, the patients died before 18 months after surgery. The vsariables were location, tumor volume, histologic grade, stage, age at presentation and treatment performed. The mean follow up period was 43.8 months (1-196 months). RESULTS: The overall disease-free survival rate was 77.1% at mean 43.8 month follow up. The 5 year- and 10 year disease-free survival rates were 64% and 58% respectively. The histologic grade, stage, age at presentation revealed statistical significance on disease-free survival. All 9 patients treated with extended curettage for grade 1 central chondrosarcomas revealed disease-free survival with excellent functional outcome. CONCLUSION: The disease-free survival rate of chondrosarcomas mainly depended on histologic grade, stage and age at presentation. Local recurrence and distant metastasis also revealed statistically significant differences of disease-free survival rate. Comparing to wide resection, extended curettage for low-grade central chondrosarcomas in extremities were efficient methods with similar survival rate and less functional losses and complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chondrosarcoma , Curettage , Disease-Free Survival , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tumor Burden
19.
The Journal of the Korean Bone and Joint Tumor Society ; : 73-78, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24906

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to evaluate the result of inlay cortical strut bone grafts for large cysts or cavitary bone lesions in long bones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients with large cyst or cavitary bony lesions were managed with curettage, allogeneic inlay cortical strut and cancellous bone grafts. Additional plate and screw fixations were performed in 6 patients. There were three SBCs, two FDs with secondary ABC changes, one FD and one post-cement spacer removal state. Three of them had pathologic fractures. Progression of bone healing and mechanical support and functional result were evaluated. The mean follow-up period was 25.4 months. RESULTS: Incorporations into host bones were progressed in all, average 4.2 months in six metaphyseal regions and 5.8 months in five diaphyseal regions respectively. Full structural supports were achieved in all except one patient without any additional procedures. No allograft-related complication was developed. Mean functional score according to the MSTS criteria was 29.6 at last follow up. CONCLUSION: Inlay cortical strut graft provided additional mechanical stability and bone stock for screw purchase in large cyst or cavitary defects of long bones, which allow early mobilization and excellent functional outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Cysts , Curettage , Early Ambulation , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Spontaneous , Inlays , Transplants
20.
The Journal of the Korean Bone and Joint Tumor Society ; : 14-20, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209500

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate prognostic factors influencing on local recurrence, distant metastasis and event-free survival of liposarcomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients managed for liposarcomas since 1993 were analyzed respectively in the view of prognostic influence of patient age, tumor size, location, histologic type, histologic grade, resection type, surgical margin, chemotherapy and radiation therapy on local recurrence, distant metastasis and event-free survival. The mean follow up period was 39 months. The univariate and multivariate regression analysis were performed for statistical evaluation. RESULTS: The local recurrences occurred in 11 patients (21.2%) and distant metastasis in 4 patients (8%), Event-free survival rate at 4 year follow up was 67%. In univariate analysis, histologic grade, surgical margin, chemotherapy and radiation therapy were significant prognostic factors on local recurrence (p<0.05). However, histologic grade lost its significance in muitivariate analysis. Trunk location revealed higher rate of distant metastasis than extremity location. In univariate analysis on event-free survival. histologic grade and chemotherapy were significant factors (p<0.05). No factor remained significant in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Considering selection bias, positive surgical margin was negative prognostic factor on local recurrence. Liposarcomas arisen in trunk revealed higher rate of distant metastasis. There was no independent prognostic factor on event-free survival of patients with liposarcomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease-Free Survival , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Liposarcoma , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Selection Bias
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