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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876178

ABSTRACT

The center of disease prevention and control (CDC) is an emergency agency with semi-militarized management.It serves like scouts and commandos in handling various public health emergencies, and CDC members are in close contact with pathogens and harmful substances.Due to different nature of public emergencies such as prevention and control of infectious diseases, chemical poisoning, occupational poisoning, natural disasters and food safety accidents, the response measures of CDC emergency team are also different.In handling epidemic emergencies, there are different special requirement for the supplies, including equipment and consumables, used in sampling, disinfection, laboratory tests, and personal protection as well as vaccines and drugs.Therefore, it is necessary to establish a unified modern emergency supply system in CDC at levels of state, provinces, cities and counties.Internet of things + technology will be used to establish a set of intelligent platform for emergency material support in disease prevention and control institutions based on centralized management, combinational use in both peacetime and wartime, and unity and high efficiency.Setting up such an emergency material reserve would not only ensure quick response in emergency but also achieve mobility, cost saving and high efficiency.Combining big data, blockchain technology and smart city construction, we will integrate emergency material support for disease prevention and control in different institutions into the national unified emergency material support system which would ensure that disease prevention and control institutions can effectively handle major public health emergencies.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 285-291, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781587

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The incidence of uterine cesarean scar defect (niche) is high, and some patients require surgery. Single-port laparoscopy can reduce post-operative pain, and provide better cosmetic effects. This study was performed to evaluate the safety and superiority of single-port laparoscopy-assisted vaginal repair of uterine cesarean scar defect (niche) in women after cesarean section.@*METHODS@#This study included 74 patients who were diagnosed with uterine cesarean niche at the Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital from January 2013 to June 2015. Thirty-seven patients underwent single-port laparoscopy-assisted vaginal surgery as the case group, and the remaining patients underwent vaginal repair surgery as the control group. We collected data from the inpatient and follow-up medical records. The clinical characteristics of these two groups were compared. The odds ratios and 95% confidential intervals were calculated for each variable by univariate and multivariate analyses.@*RESULTS@#Patients who underwent single-port laparoscopy-assisted vaginal repair had a significantly longer operation time (2.3 [2.0-2.7] vs. 2.0 [1.6-2.3] h, P = 0.015), shorter gas passage time (1.2 [1.0-1.5] vs. 1.7 [1.0-2.0] days, P = 0.012), shorter hospital stay (3.1 [3.0-4.0] vs. 4.5 [4.0-6.0] days, P = 0.019), and fewer complications (0 vs. 4 cases). Univariate analysis showed that depth of the niche (P = 0.021) the mild adhesiolysis score (P = 0.035) and moderate adhesiolysis score (P = 0.013) were associated with the bladder injury. Multivariate analysis showed that the moderate adhesiolysis score (P = 0.029; 95% confidence interval, 1.318-3.526) was the strongest independent predictor of bladder injury.@*CONCLUSION@#This study confirmed the safety and superiority of single-port laparoscopy-assisted vaginal repair of uterine cesarean scars.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773658

ABSTRACT

Seventeen compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of Sapium discolor by using various chromatographic techniques,including silica gel,Sephadex LH-20,MCI,ODS,and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated as sapiumin F( 1),kadsulignan C( 2),ciwujiatone( 3),ethylbrevifolin carboxylate( 4),7-hydroxy-8-methoxycoumarin( 5),fraxetin( 6),fraxidin( 7),isofraxidin( 8),6,7,8-trimethoxycoumarin( 9),5,6,7,8-tetramethoxycoumarin( 10),8-hydroxy-5,6,7-trimethoxycoumarin( 11),3,3'-di-O-methylellagic acid( 12),3,3',4'-tri-O-methylellagic acid( 13),3'-methoxyellagic acid 4'-O-α-rhamnopyranoside( 14),4,5-didehydro-chebulic acid triethyl ester( 15),ent-kaurane-3-oxo-16α,17-diol( 16),and abscisic acid( 17) by spectroscopic data. Compound 1 is a new compound. Except for compounds 4,11,and 13,the remaining compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time. All the isolates were evaluated for their in vitro antineuroinflammatory activities,and the results showed that compounds 6 and 15 significantly inhibited nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-induced BV-2 microglial cells,with IC50 values of 6. 06 and 6. 05 μmol·L-1,respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Mice , Phytochemicals , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Sapium , Chemistry
4.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1042-1045, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694033

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore SECTRA 3D real-time reconstruction of virtual simulation technology in the anat-omy teaching of otolaryngology. Methods Eighty medical students who have received traditional class teaching of otolaryngology anatomy joined the SECTRA 3D real-time reconstruction class to study the major anatomic knowledge of otolaryngology. Questionnaires and exams were provided for them before and after the SECTRA 3D real-time re-construction class. Results The test scores were 79.19±10.39 before 3D class and 87.69±10.25 after 3D class. After teaching, the scores improved significantly.Conclusions Application of SECTRA real-time reconstruction of 3D virtual simulation technology in otolaryngology anatomy teaching, can help medical students to master the ana-tomical knowledge better than the traditional class teaching and can stimulate their interests to learn otolaryngology anatomy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338201

ABSTRACT

Ten compounds were isolated from the 95% aqueous EtOH extract of Clerodendrum bungei by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI, ODS, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated as 11,12,16S-trihydroxy-7-oxo-17(15→16),18(4→3)-diabeo-abieta-3,8,11,13-tetraen-18-oic acid (1), 12S*,13R*-dihydroxy-9-oxo-octadeca-10(E)-enoic acid (2), clerodenoside A (3), trichotomoside (4), glycosmisic acid (5), 4'-O-methylscutellarein (6), neroplomacrol (7), butylitaconic acid (8), hexylitaconic acid (9), p-hydroxybenzonic acid (10) by their physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Compounds 1 and 2 are new natural products, while compounds 7-10 were obtained from the genus Clerodendrum for the first time, and compounds 3, 5, 6 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1316-1321, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290078

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of gynecological cancer-associated death. Iatrogenic menopause might adversely affect the quality of life and health outcomes in young female cancer survivors. We evaluated whether postoperative hormone replacement therapy (HRT) had a negative influence on the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with papillary serous ovarian cancer (SOC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with papillary SOC, treated from January 1980 to December 2009, who suffered from menopause with or without HRT. Clinical characteristics of patients were compared between the two groups (HRT and non-HRT). Blood samples were collected from all the participants to detect serum cancer antigen (CA) 125. Hazard ratios with 95% confidential intervals for each variable were calculated by univariable and multivariable conditional Logistic regression analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 112 identified patients, 31 were HRT users and 81 were not. The two groups did not significantly differ in median age at diagnosis (t = 0.652, P = 0.513), International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (χ2 = 0.565, P = 0.754), differentiation (χ2 = 1.728, P = 0.422), resection status (χ2 = 0.070, P = 0.791), relapse (χ2 = 0.109, P = 0.741), chemotherapy course (t = -1.079, P = 0.282), follow-up interval (t = 0.878, P = 0.382), or PFS (t = 0.580, P = 0.562). Median Kupperman score at the onset of HRT was 30.81 and 12.19 after the therapy (t = 3.302, P = 0.001). According to the analysis, the strongest independent variables in predicting PFS were FIGO stage and disease that was not optimally debulked.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Postoperative HRT is not a prognostic factor for PFS of patients with papillary SOC. However, multicenter studies are needed to verify and extend our findings.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , CA-125 Antigen , Blood , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous , Blood , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Methods , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Blood , Middle Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms , Blood , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357265

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of SAHA on the maturation of human dendritic cells (DC) and to explore its underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were isolated from human peripheral blood and cultured in RPMI 1640 medium with 100 ng/ml rhGM-CSF and 500 U/ml rhIL-4. In the LPS induced maturation process, dendritic cells treated with or without SAHA were used as test group, and dendritic cells treated without LPS or SAHA were used as control group. DC was observed under inverted microscope. Flow cytometer was used to detect the surface antigen molecules expressed by DC. The mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) was used to observe the allogeneic lymphocyte stimulation. The NF-κB signaling pathway was detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The SAHA could effectively suppress the maturation of DC induced by LPS, the DC treated with SAHA+LPS had immature morphological characteristics; the expression of CD80, CD83 and HLA-DR in SAHA+LPS group and control group were significantly down-regulated as compared with single LPS group (P<0.01); the ability of DC to stimulate the proliferation of allogeneic T lymphocytes in SAHA+LPS group and control group was significantly weaker than that in single LPS group (P<0.01); EMSA results showed that NF-κB activity decreased after SAHA and LPS treatment and was significantly lower than that of single LPS group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SAHA can effectively suppress DC maturation induced by LPS and also weaken the ability to stimulate allogeneic T lymphocyte. NF-κB signaling pathway is involved in regulating DC maturation.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Dendritic Cells , Flow Cytometry , HLA-DR Antigens , Humans , Lymphocyte Activation , Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed , NF-kappa B , T-Lymphocytes
8.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 601-608, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339998

ABSTRACT

The baculovirus-induced actin polymerization is mainly associated with the virus nucleocapsid protein P78/83, which is homologous with WASP proteins that can activate Arp2/3 complex and induce the actin polymerization. In order to explore the role of Arp2/3 complex in the baculovirus replication, the P40 subunit of Arp2/3 complex from Sf9 (Spodoptera frugiperda 9) cell line was cloned and characterized. Immunofluorescent microscopy assay indicated that P40 was recruited to the inner-side of nuclear membrane during virus infection, which was in accordance with nuclear F-actin distribution in virus-infected cells as documented in our previous research, suggesting P40 could be used to track Arp2/3 complex subcellular distribution changes during virus infection. In addition, co-immunoprecipitation assay demonstrated that P40 interacted with P78/83 only in virus-infected cells, suggesting that actin polymerization induced by P78/83-Arp2/3 complex during baculovirus infection was regulated by some unidentified virus factors.


Subject(s)
Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Capsid Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line , Cloning, Molecular , Humans , Insect Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Nucleopolyhedroviruses , Genetics , Metabolism , Phylogeny , Protein Binding , Sequence Alignment , Sf9 Cells , Spodoptera , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Virology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856116

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the variations and malformations of the aortic arch branches in the cerebral angiography and the changes of aortic arch in patients with different ages. Methods: The cerebral angiography of 774 consecutive patients were included in the study. Angiography of aortic arch and the superselective angiography of its branch arteries were performed via femoral artery catheterization. The variations and malformations of aortic arch branches were analyzed. The effects of age on the Myla type, the sharp angles of each aortic arch branches, the brachiocephalic trunk arising from the ascending segment of aortic arch, as well as the vascular tortuos conditions of the aortic arch branches were analyzed. Results: Circled digit twoAortic arch anomalies were found in 78 cases (10.08%). Of which 68 cases (8.79%) had aortic arch variations; 10 cases(1.29%) had aortic arch. Circled digit twoWith the increase of age, the proportion of Myla type I aortic arch decreased; the proportions of Myla type II and III aortic arch increased. Circled digit three With the increase of age, the incidences of the sharp angles of brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery increased gradually, and the proportion of brachiocephalic trunk arising from the ascending segment of aortic arch increased. Circled digit fourWith the increase of age, the incidence of non-tortuosity in aortic arch branches decreased gradually, and the incidences of mild, moderate and severe tortuosities increased gradually. Circled digit fiveAngiography on each aortic arch branch of 751 cases in this group was successful, and 23 cases failed, in which 5 because of variations of aortic arch, 1 because of aortic arch malformation, and 17 because of advanced age, sharp singles on aortic arch branches, and severe vascular tortuosity. Conclusion: We should fully master the exceptionally complex anatomy and imaging findings of aortic arch and make the cerebral angiography and interventional treatment to be more safe and effective in combination with other 3-D vascular imaging technology.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1017-1021, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257586

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the treatment strategies and operative principles of complex cerebral arteriovenous malformation (CAVM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total 27 cases of complex CAVM were microsurgically resected from June 2004 to May 2011. These account for 67.5% of CAVMs in the same time. Of the CAVM, 25 were eloquent CAVMs and 2 were non-eloquent CAVM. Among the 27 cases, the size of CAVM was large in 12 cases, median in 8, and small in 7. According to Spetzler-Martin CAVM grading, 8 cases were grade II, 5 cases were grade III, 9 cases were grade IV, and 5 cases were grade V. Pre-operative endovascular embolizations were carried out in 2 large CAVMs. All CAVMs were resected by microsurgical techniques.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 23 cases of complex CAVMs totally removed. The total resection rate was 85.2%. The residual CAVMs were found in postoperative digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in 4 cases. Three of these residual cases were treated with gamma knife. Nineteen cases recovered very well after operation. The main complications were hemianopsia in 2 cases, moderate weakness in 4 cases. Two patients in coma before operation were still comatose after operation. The follow-up period were 2 months to 6 years. Twenty-two cases were Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) 5, 3 cases were GOS 4, and 2 comatose patients were improved a little during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The microsurgical total resection of the CAVMs is the most effective method to cure the disease. With the use of microsurgical technique skillfully, mose complex CAVMs can achieve good outcomes. Preoperative embolization and radiosurgery on the residual nidus are good supplementary methods to treat the complex CAVMs.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations , General Surgery , Male , Microsurgery , Methods , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1805-1810, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346380

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study an effective method for vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery (VA-PICA) dissecting aneurysms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five patients with VA-PICA dissecting aneurysms were treated surgically between December 2007 and February 2010, who were all males, aged from 40 to 55 years. Four of them presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), 1 of them suffered from an intermittent headache on occipital area about 4 months. All the aneurysms were trapped via a far-lateral approach after revascularization of the PICAs by occipital artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery (OA-PICA) bypass.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 5 patients, 1 of them got a good outcome without any neurological deficit after surgery, 3 of them had postoperative lower cranial nerve palsy, 1 of them complicated with bleeding in the operative field after postoperative antithrombotic treatment, and suffered from contralateral hemiplegia after second surgery of removing hematoma. Postoperative cerebral angiographies (received by 2 patients) and CT angiographies (received by 3 patients) all showed patent bypasses and no filling of the aneurysms. During the follow-up from 2 to 29 months, 4 patients got good outcomes, 1 patient still suffered from moderate hemiplegia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Trapping the aneurysms after revascularization of PICA by OA-PICA bypass should be an effective method to treat the VA-PICA dissecting aneurysms, but individualized strategies also need to be considered based on different cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cerebellum , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vertebral Artery
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 911-914, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270991

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the operative modalities and outcomes of 28 cases of ophthalmic segment aneurysms of internal carotid artery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-eight cases of ophthalmic segment aneurysms of internal carotid artery were operated on from May 2004 to August 2009. Of all 28 cases, 20 were large or giant. Nineteen aneurysms were directly clipped or resected with internal carotid artery revascularization. Since 2006, high-flow extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass were available and performed in 9 patients of large or giant aneurysms and then the aneurysms were resected or trapped.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventeen patients underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA), computed tomography angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) postoperatively. The images demonstrated that 5 grafts of bypass were in patency, and 2 were occluded. Only 1 aneurysm was partially clipped and the others disappeared on imaging. The 78% of these cases had good results (GOS 4-5). One patient died after EC-IC bypass due to neck hematoma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The treatment of ophthalmic segment aneurysms of internal carotid artery, especially the large and giant ones, remains a challenge for neurovascular neurosurgeon. The accessory high-flow EC-IC bypass procedures and selection of suitable aneurysm clips are very important to improve the effectiveness of the operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , General Surgery , Male , Microsurgery , Middle Aged , Ophthalmic Artery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Methods , Young Adult
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 386-389, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311855

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are associated with a high rate of oligohydramnios, stillbirth and cesarean delivery. Among SGA patients there is a higher risk of neonatal complications, such as polycythemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and hypothermia. Additionally, the SGA infant is prone to suffer from major neurologic sequelae, as well as cardiovascular system disease, in later life. Proper monitoring and therapy during pregnancy are, therefore, of utmost importance. The present study aimed to investigate the influential and prognostic factors of SGA infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2001 to June 2007, a total of 55 SGA neonatal infants were included in a study group. All were born at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, with regular formal antenatal examinations. In addition, a total of 122 cases of appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants were born at the same time and were registered into a control group. All cases were singleton pregnancies with detailed information of the maternal age, gravidity, parity, maternal height and weight, complications, uterine height and abdominal circumference, results from transabdominal ultrasonography between 32 - 38 gestational weeks, pregnancy duration, delivery manner, placenta, umbilical cord, and neonatal complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Significant differences were observed in placenta weight and neonatal malformations between the study and control groups. Multivariate analysis revealed increased parity, maternal hyperthyroidism and hyperthyroidism history as risk factors. Fetal abdominal circumferences less than 30 and 32 cm at 32 - 38 gestational weeks respectively, as determined by ultrasonography, resulted in a Youden index of 0.62.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SGA infants were associated with a greater risk of smaller placentas and infant malformations. Increased parity, maternal hyperthyroidism, and a hyperthyroid history were risk factors for SGA infants. Fetal abdominal circumference less than 30 cm at 32 gestational weeks and less than 32 cm at 38 weeks, as determined by ultrasonography, was considered an effective index for SGA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnosis , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Hyperthyroidism , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Multivariate Analysis , Placenta , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1653-1663, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335553

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Generally, total surgical removal of craniopharyngioma results in satisfactory outcome with a low recurrence rate, however, the location of the tumor and its adherence to the hypothalamic structures can make the operation difficult. The goal of the present study was to assess the outcome of craniopharyngiomas in 284 patients treated surgically.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 284 patients (151 men and 133 women) with craniopharyngioma were treated surgically by our neurosurgeons from January 1996 to March 2006. Among them, 226 (79.6%) patients were adults (15 years of age or older; mean, 35.8 +/- 10.6), 58 (20.4%) were children (14 years of age or younger; mean, 9.1 +/- 3.8). The diameter of the tumors were 2.0 - 9.0 cm (mean, 36.54 +/- 11.4). The tumors were classified into the superior (23 patients) and inferior ventricular (261) types according to the location of the tumor relative to the third ventricular floor. For the patients with craniopharyngioma of inferior ventricular type, pterional approach was used in 191 (67.3%) patients, subfrontal approach in 17 (6.0%), and translamina terminalis through frontobasal interhemispheric approach in 53 (18.7%). For those with the tumors of superior ventricular type, transcallosal approach into the anterior third ventricle was done in 10 (3.5%) patients, and the lamina terminalis approach in 13 (4.6%). Of the 284 patients, 204 (71.8%) were followed up for 0.5 to 8 years (mean, 2.1 +/- 1.8), including 162 patients received total tumor removal, and 37 underwent subtotal or partial removal.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total, subtotal and partial removal of the tumors were achieved in 237 (83.5%), 34 (12.0%) and 13 (4.5%) patients, respectively. The pituitary stalk was preserved in 176 (62.0%) patients, severed in 52 (18.3%), and unidentified in 56 (19.7%). Twelve (4.2%) patients died within one month after the surgery. During the follow-up, 23 (14.1%) patients experienced tumor recurrence 1.0 - 3.5 years (mean, 1.8 +/- 1.6) after total tumor removal, and 24 (64.9%) had recurrent tumor 0.25 - 1.5 years (mean, 0.5 +/- 0.4) after subtotal or partial resection. Normal activities of daily living were regained in 63 (80%) patients, independence in 29 (14.2%), and daily life with assistance in 9 (4.4%). Four (2.0%) patients died 0.9 - 3 years (mean, 1.6 +/- 1.4) after discharge from hospital, 3 of them died of hypothalamic deficiency.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We can protect the hypothalamic structures and its perforating arteries by choosing surgical approaches according to the location of craniopharygioma relative to the third ventricular floor. The mortality, morbidity, and recurrence rate in patients received total resection are lower than those of patients underwent subtotal or partial resections. In addition, preservation of the pituitary stalk is critical when total tumor resection is feasible.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Craniopharyngioma , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Microsurgery , Methods , Middle Aged , Neurosurgical Procedures , Methods , Pituitary Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the genetic polymorphism of 15 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci on the nonrecombining portion of the Y chromosome in 6 populations in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Allelic specific polymerase chain reaction and 2% agarose gel electrophoresis and 6% PAGE were used to analyze the genetic polymorphism of 343 unrelated males, representing 6 populations in China, including Fujian Hans, Sichuan Hans, Mongolian, Hezhen, Sibo and Hui from the South, Northeast and Northwest.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty haplogroups were observed, and 3 of them (H15, H16, H18) were seen in all of the six populations. Although the heterozygosity levels of the Hezhen, Mongolian, Sibo populations are similar and those of the other 3 populations (Fujian Hans, Sichuan Hans, Hui) are similar, the pairwise differences among haplogroups are significant. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and principal component (PC) analysis of the haplogroup distributions suggested highly different allele diversity between group I including Hezhen, Mongolian, Sibo and group II including Hui, Fujian Hans, Sichuan Hans.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The above analyses show more significant variance components in Northeast/South populations and clearly reveal the geographic genetic relationship among the six populations in the Northeast/Northwest/South. These results confirm the complexity of the genetic structure of Chinese populations and make a significant contribution for constructing the contemporary human gene pool and tracing genetic dispersal trail from Chinese populations.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , China , Ethnology , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Genetic Variation , Genetics, Population , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 769-772, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360939

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effective method of microsurgical resection of the recurrent craniopharyngiomas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Microsurgical resection underwent in 40 cases with the recurrent craniopharyngiomas that accounted for 24 men and 16 women with mean age 35.1 year old. Visual deterioration was mainly complained in 25 patents, headache of symptoms in 9 patients, defect of visual field in 2 patients, amenorrhea in 2 patients, hyposexuality in one patient and diabetes insipidus in the one. Average history was 2.9 years. The superior sellar tumors on MR imaging grew in 19 cases, the superior-inferior sellar mass in 9 cases, intra-sellar in 5 cases and the tumors into the third ventricle in 7 cases. The huge calcification tumors were found in 5 cases, cystic tumors in 21 cases, and solid tumors 2 cases. Hydrocephalus presented in 12 cases. Evolution of tumor residuum was revealed in 31 cases after initial surgery and recurrent tumor after completing total removal of the tumor in 9 cases. The pterional approach was employed in 33 cases. The longitudinal fissure to the corpus callus approach in 2 cases was available for resection of the third ventricular tumor through the fornix column and septum pellucidum spaces.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 33 cases with the pterional approaches, total removal of the tumors were completed in 22 cases, subtotal removal of tumors in 9 cases, and partial removal in 2 cases. In 5 cases with subfrontal approach, 4 patients the total removal of tumors obtained in 4 cases and one subtotal removal of tumor in one. Of 2 cases with the longitudinal fissure to the corpus callus approaches, one case was achieved with the total removal of tumor and the other with subtotal removal of tumor. The pituitary stalk was preserved in 8 cases, the pituitary stalk was severed in 9 cases and the pituitary stalk was not identified in 23 cases when surgery. 17 patients experienced diabetes insipidus and 12 patients had the hypothalamic hypofunction after surgery. One death occurred from the hypothalamic hypofunction 35 day after surgery. By follow-up from 3 months to 3 years, 22 patients returned normal life, 11 patients can carry out their self-life, and 6 patients need care.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The desirable removal of recurrent craniopharyngioma could be completed in the majority of patients although the reoperation of the tumors was performed very difficulty owing to the tumor adhesive to the surrounding hypothalamic structures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Craniopharyngioma , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Microsurgery , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , General Surgery , Neurosurgical Procedures , Methods , Pituitary Neoplasms , General Surgery , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279569

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the etiological role of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) infection in the development of esophageal cancers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A recombinant retrovirus containing the E6E7 ORFs of HPV16 was packaged and human fetal esophageal fibroblasts were infected. The tumorigenecity of the fibroblasts was tested in SCID mice in synergy with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Human esophageal fibroblasts infected with the recombinant retrovirus induced sarcomas in SCID mice, the existence and expression of E6E7 ORFs was confirmed in the sarcomas. Fibroblasts cultured from the sarcoma were demonstrated heteroploid by cytoflowmetry. However, tumors were not observed in human fetal esophagus infected with such virus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>These results revealed that the established recombinant retroviral system can successfully mediate the transference of HPV16 E6E7 genes, and such system is applicable to researches on tumorigenesis of HPV.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Cells, Cultured , Esophagus , Pathology , Virology , Fetus , Fibroblasts , Metabolism , Virology , Human papillomavirus 16 , Genetics , Humans , Mice , Mice, SCID , Oncogene Proteins, Viral , Genetics , Metabolism , Open Reading Frames , Genetics , Papillomavirus E7 Proteins , Recombination, Genetic , Repressor Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Retroviridae , Genetics , Transfection
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281860

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To study the deletion and mutation in carboxy terminal region of LMP1 gene derived from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in Guangdong and Guangxi, the high risk areas of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>LMP1 gene carboxy terminal region was amplified from nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues by PCR, and then cloned and sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 20 cases, 17 were LMP1 positive. In all positive cases, only 1 case did not show deletion. Four positive cases were chosen for DNA sequencing, The rusult showed that all the four cases had mutation and the 30bp deletion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>High frequency of deletion and mutation in LMP1 gene of nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues was found in Guangdong and Guangxi. Whether it related to the high incidence of NPC should be further studied.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Gene Deletion , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Genetics , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Virology , Point Mutation , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Viral Matrix Proteins , Genetics
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