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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906225

ABSTRACT

With advanced brewing technology and contemporary table culture, alcohol drinking, which can be traced back to Dukang wine in the Xia dynasty, is very common in China. However, excessive alcohol intake can easily cause alcohol liver damage, ranging from abdominal pain and venous thrombosis to severe hypoglycemia and fat embolism, coma shock and even life-threatening cases. Puerariae Lobatae Radix has a cool property and sweet taste, with functions of antipyretic, promoting the secretion of saliva or body fluid, rash and hangover alleviation, and so on. It was first recorded in Shen Nong's Materia Medica and has been listed as a special anti-alcoholic medicine in traditional Chinese medicine since ancient times. For example, the ancient medical book Compendium of Materia Medica and other records claim that Puerariae Lobatae Radix has the effect of relieving alcohol and protecting the liver. At the same time, Puerariae Lobatae Radix has a long history in both medicine and food. It was listed in the List of Articles That Both Serve as Food and Medicine published by the National Health Commission. Therefore, there are many products containing pueraria for hangover and liver protection. Prior to this, many scholars have carried out relevant researches on the anti-alcoholism efficacy of Puerariae Lobatae Radix, but there is a lack of systematic summaries. The author has consulted relevant domestic and foreign literatures in recent years. The related products were summarized and it was found that the anti-alcoholic effect of pueraria root mainly came from puerarin, pueraria flavonoids and pueraria polysaccharide, puerarin polypeptide, pueraria daidzein and its derivatives, including the main mechanisms such as inhibiting alcohol absorption, accelerating metabolism, anti-oxidation, protection of liver and cardiomyocytes, and neuroprotection. Related products are abundant and well evaluated, but research on related genes needs to be deepened. This article reviews the main anti-alcoholic components, mechanism of action and related products of pueraria, and puts forward suggestions for future research directions, hoping to provide reference for further related research.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906008

ABSTRACT

Volatile oil is widely distributed in Chinese medicinal materials with complex chemical components. The main components are terpenes, aromatics, aliphatics, and nitrogen and sulfur containing. It has a variety of pharmacological activities. Such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-aging and so on. It is widely used in medical and health care, agricultural efficiency enhancement, and daily products. In recent years, there have been a large number of studies on the pain relief of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) essential oils, but there is no systematic generalization. The author found that the mechanism of TCM essential oils to exert analgesic effects mainly includes regulation of the central nervous system, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, antispasmodic and analgesic effects by consulting Chinese and foreign literatures in recent years, but the exact mechanism needs to be further verified. This article reviews the research progress of TCM essential oil pain relief from the aspects of pain classification, generation, analgesic mechanism and combination of other technologies, in order to provide reference for related research in the future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850665

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the formulation of Jieyu Anshen Gel Plaster (JAGP) and evaluate its quality. Methods: With the bonding strength and sensory evaluation scores as indicators, the formulation of JAGP was optimized by using orthogonal experiment design method. Then the content of methyl eugenol, elemicin, β-asarone and α-asarone in JAGP were determined by GC-MS and the in vitro transdermal properties were studied by modified Franz diffusion cells. Results: The optimized blank matrix formulation was as following: NP700 of 3%, glycerol of 36%, PVP K30 of 4% and aluminium glycinate of 0.08%. The containing ointment of prepared gel plaster was 217.4 mg/cm2 and the effective component of the total index in gel paste was 5.77 mg/paste. Then the accumulated transdermal permeation of methyl eugenol, elemicin, β-asarone and α-asarone was (81.798 6 ± 14.872 6), (72.110 2 ± 17.776 1), (146.390 6 ± 33.794 1), (5.522 6 ± 1.279 6) μg/cm2, respectively within 24 h, which were all consistent with the zero-order equation. Conclusion: The preparation of JAGP with good stability and drug-releasing properties conformed to the relevant quality requirement, And this study provides certain basis for the development of production.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774591

ABSTRACT

Puerariae Lobatae Radix is a traditional Chinese medicine,which was first recorded in Shennong Classic of Materia Medica,and was recorded in many ancient books. Its main effect is to relieve muscles to expel heat,produce saliva and promote eruption,invigorate splenic yang and stop diarrhea. CNKI and Wanfang Data were searched in this paper with the words " Pueraria", " puerarin usage" and " puerarin application" as the key words,and it was found that the puerarin usage characteristics were rarely reported.Therefore,the application characteristics of fresh use,crude use and processed use of Puerariae Lobatae Radix in ancient books were summarized in this paper,in order to provide a reference for the modern development of Puerariae Lobatae Radix.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Pueraria , Chemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774547

ABSTRACT

In order to increase the stability and solubility of essential oil in Jieyu Anshen Formula, this study was to prepare the essential oil into liposomes. In this experiment, the method for the determination of encapsulation efficiency of liposomes was established by ultraviolet spectrophotometer and dextran gel column. The encapsulation efficiency and particle size of liposomes were used as evaluation indexes for single factor investigation and Box-Behnken design-response surface method was used to optimize the design. Then the optimal formulation of volatile oil liposome was characterized using methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone as index components. Finally, the in vitro transdermal properties of liposomes were studied by modified Franz diffusion cell. The results showed that the concentration of lecithin, the mass ratio of lecithin to volatile oil, and the stirring speed were the three most significant factors affecting the liposome preparation. The optimum formulation of volatile oil liposome was as follows: the concentration of lecithin was 7 g·L~(-1); mass ratio of lecithin to volatile oil was 5∶1; and the stirring speed was 330 r·min~(-1). Under such conditions, the prepared liposomes had blue emulsion light, good fluidity, half translucent, with particle size of(102.6±0.35) nm, Zeta potential of(-17.8±0.306) mV, permeability of(1.67±1.01)%, and stable property if liposome was stored at 4 ℃. 24 h after percutaneous administration, the cumulative osmotic capacity per unit time was(30.485 2±1.238 9),(34.794 8±0.928 3),(26.677 1±1.171 7),(3.066 2±0.175 3) μg·cm~(-2)respectively for methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone. In vitro transdermal behaviors of methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone in liposomes were all consistent with Higuchi equation. The prepared volatile oil liposomes met the relevant quality requirements, providing a reference for further research on preparation of multi-component Chinese medicine essential oil liposomes.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liposomes , Oils, Volatile , Particle Size , Solubility
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774521

ABSTRACT

Commonly used dosage forms of fermented Cordyceps powder products are capsules and tablets. The hygroscopicity of the powder,as one of the important parameters in the tableting process,has important effects on the tabletting process of the tablets. How to improve the hygroscopicity of powder is of great significance for the development of new composite particles. Therefore,particle design technology was used in this study to prepare composite particle powder,and its hygroscopicity was compared with fermented Cordyceps powder and physically mixed powder. By preparing three different types of powders,the equilibrium moisture absorption,particle size,scanning electron micrograph,angle of repose,contact angle and compression degree were compared to observe the effect of traditional Chinese medicine particle design technology on improving the hygroscopicity of the fermented Cordyceps powder. The results showed that the equilibrium moisture absorption was 21. 2%,19. 6%,14. 5% respectively for the fermented Cordyceps powder,physically mixed powder and composite particle powder; the median diameter was(49. 751± 0. 280),(59. 183± 0. 170),(12. 842±0. 080) μm,respectively; the mode diameter was(185. 479±1. 372),(173. 964± 1. 104),(61. 671± 0. 979) μm,respectively. In the scanning electron micrograph of the composite particle powder,it can be clearly seen that the fermented Cordyceps powder had hydrophobic gas phase nano-silica with a fixed shape and uniform size. The angle of repose was(50. 63 ± 0. 75) °,(49. 25 ± 0. 43) °,(48. 33±0. 84) ° respectively; the contact angle was(7. 4±0. 2) °,(8. 2±0. 3) °,(15. 0±2. 6) ° respectively; and the compression degree was(38. 2±1. 3) %,(35. 8±0. 2) %,(32. 5±2. 6) % respectively. This study showed that after treatment by the vibrating ultrafine pulverizer,the fermented Cordyceps powder particles had obvious and uniform small particle hydrophobic gas phase nano-silica adhered to form a partially wrapped coating structure,which reduced the contact surface of fermented Cordyceps powder with the outside world,thereby reducing the hygroscopicity of the composite particle powder. It further demonstrated that the hygroscopicity of fermented Cordyceps powder can be improved by particle design.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Fermentation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Particle Size , Powders , Wettability
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773681

ABSTRACT

To further investigate the metabolism of Tripterygium wilfordii and Paeonia lactiflora micro-emulsion gel in vivo,an LCMS/MS method was established for the determination of triptolide and paeoniflorin in T. wilfordii and P. lactiflora micro-emulsion gel.The extracorporeal recovery rate of blood probe was measured by concentration difference methods( incremental method and decremental method). Meanwhile,the skin and blood micro-dialysis methods of tripterine and paeoniflorin were established,and the pharmacokinetics of T. wilfordii microemulsion gel in skin and blood was studied by micro-dialysis combined with LC-MS/MS quantitative analysis. The results showed that the established method for the determination of triptolide and paeoniflorin in T. wilfordii microemulsion gel was well linear within the required range,and the specificity,recovery rate and degree of precision of the chromatography all conformed to the research requirements of micro-dialysis samples. The stability of freeze-thawing and the residual effect all conformed to the criteria of biological sample methodology. The probe recovery rates measured by incremental method and decremental method were almost consistent with the extracorporeal recovery rate test. The recovery rates of paeoniflorin in skin and blood micro-dialysis were( 30. 60±1. 09) % and( 28. 01± 1. 75) %,respectively. And the recovery rates of skin and blood micro-dialysis were( 26. 79 ± 2. 78) % and( 25. 39±1. 86) %,respectively. The intraday recovery rate of probes was stable within 11 h. The results of pharmacokinetic study showed that the Cmaxvalues of triptolide in skin and blood were( 148. 03±41. 51) and( 76. 77±15. 27) μg·L-1,respectively. And the Tmaxvalues were( 2. 33±0. 29) and( 3. 00± 0) h,respectively. The AUC0-11 hvalues were( 2 814. 05± 1 070. 37) and( 1 580. 63±208. 27) μg·h·L-1,respectively. The MRT0-11 hvalues were( 4. 20± 0. 33) and( 4. 54± 0. 34) h,respectively. The T1/2 values were( 4. 61±4. 11) and( 1. 07± 0. 13) h,respectively. The Cmaxvalues of paeoniflorin in skin and blood were( 991. 88 ± 152. 22) and( 407. 02±120. 06) μg·L-1,respectively. The Tmaxvalues were( 2. 00±0) h and( 2. 83±0. 29) h,respectively. The AUC0-11 hvalues were( 18 430. 27±3 289. 35) and( 6 338. 59 ± 1 659. 32) μg·h·L-1,respectively. The MRT0-11 hvalues were( 4. 29 ± 0. 16) and( 4. 00±0. 05) h,respectively. The T1/2 values were( 2. 16±0. 43) and( 1. 78±0. 48) h,respectively. The results suggested that micro-emulsion gel played a role in forming skin reservoir through percutaneous penetration. It not only could improve drug transdermal efficiency,but also control the sustained release of drug and form a long-term effect.


Subject(s)
Blood , Metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Emulsions , Gels , Humans , Paeonia , Chemistry , Skin , Metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tripterygium , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773680

ABSTRACT

To detect the concentration of triptolide in skin and joint after percutaneous administration,an HPLC-MS/MS method and skin and joint micro-dialysis( MD) method of triptolide were established in this study. The separation was achieved on triple quadrupole( AB QTRAP4500) and phenomenex-C18( 4. 6 mm×150 mm,5 μm,luna) column with acetonitrile-water with 0. 1% formic acid( 65 ∶35) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0. 7 m L·min-1. An electrospray ionization( ESI) source was applied and operated in the positive multiple reaction monitoring( MRM) mode. The fragment ion for triptolide was m/z 361. 1→145. 0. The effects of different perfusion [Ringer's,PBS( p H 7. 4),30% ethanol saline]drug concentrations and flow rates on the recovery rate,as well as the relationship between the recovery rate and the loss rate were determined by incremental( dialysis) and reduction( retrodialysis) methods.The reduction method was applied in the in vivo study to investigate and determine the stability of the probe recovery rate in 10 h. The results of HPLC-MS/MS detection method conformed to the requirements of biological samples. The perfusion fluid was 30% ethanol saline. The recovery rate of skin and joint probes in vitro of triptolide increased within the flow rate of 0. 5-2. 5 μL·min-1. In order to increase the timeliness of data and the accuracy,the flow rate was determined to be 1 μL·min-1,and the sample interval was determined to be 0. 5 h. The recovery rate of triptolide in skin and joint probes in vitro and the loss rate were stable and equal despite of change of triptolide concentration within 10-200 μg·L-1. This indicated that the effect of drug concentration on the MD probe recovery rate was small,and the recovery rate could be replaced by the loss rate. The loss rate in vivo using MD method was measured at 10 h,indicating that the transfer rate of triptolide was stable within 10 h. The established method of triptolide in MD and HPLC-MS/MS can be applied to investigate the kinetic in skin and joint after percutaneous administration of triptolide.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diterpenes , Pharmacokinetics , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Joints , Metabolism , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacokinetics , Reproducibility of Results , Skin , Metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802547

ABSTRACT

There are 486 kinds of health food with Puerariae Lobatae Radix as the main raw material, mainly including health food for protecting liver, health food for regulating blood lipid, health food for adjusting blood pressure, health food for regulating blood sugar, and health food for regulating immunity.Based on the establishment of a health food recipe database with Puerariae Lobatae Radix as the main raw material, the Apriori algorithm in association rules was used to explore the formula rule of health food of Puerariae Lobatae Radix.The results showed that among the 174 kinds of hepatoprotective health food, the most used raw materials were Noveniae Fructus and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus;the common combinations of three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Gardeniae Fructus-Paeoniae Radix Alba, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Gynostemmatis Pentaphylli Herba-Cassiae Semen, etc.Among the 91 kinds of health food for regulating blood lipid, the most widely used raw materials were Cassiae Semen and Gynostemmatis Pentaphylli Herba;the common combinations of three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Cassiae Semen-Chrysanthemi Flos, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Alismatis Rhizoma-Mori Folium, etc.Among the 41 kinds of health food for regulating blood pressure, the most widely used raw materials were Eucommiae Cortex and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma;the common combinations of the three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Cassiae Semen-Ostreae Concha, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Sophorae Flos, etc.Among the 105 kinds of health food for regulating blood sugar, the most widely used raw materials were Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Astragali Radix;the common combinations of three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Lycii Cortex, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Dioscoreae Rhizoma-Poria, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Dioscoreae Rhizoma-Lycii Cortex, etc.Among the 75 kinds of health food for regulating immunity, the most widely used raw materials were Astragali Radix and Lycii Fructus;the common combinations of three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Gastrodiae Rhizoma-Eucommiae Cortex, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Mori Fructus-Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Panacis Quinquefolii Radix-Crataegi Fructus, etc.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687321

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to prepare triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, investigate its transdermal permeation, and compare the results with ordinary gel and cream. Improved Franz diffusion cell method was used in the transdermal delivery experiment with rat abdominal skin as in vitro model. The receptor fluid at different time points was collected; ferulic acid concentration was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and triptolide concentration was determined by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Then the penetration rate, transdermal volume and skin reserve of three dosage forms (hydroplasy gel, ordinary gel, and cream) to investigate the transdermal properties of ferulic acid and triptolide in vitro of triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel. The results showed that the steady penetration rate of ferulic acid was 5.268 5, 8.990 9, 12.042 0 μg·cm⁻² ·h⁻¹ respectively in triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, ordinary gel and cream; the skin retention was (30.234 8±1.525 4), (20.402 6±0.402 6), (7.635 3±1.094 2) μg·cm⁻² . The steady-state permeation rate of triptolide was 67.238 0, 67.238 0 ng·cm⁻² ·h⁻¹ in triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, about 1.24 times of cream and 3.28 times of ordinary gel; the skin retention was (371.351 4±35.317 1) ng·cm⁻², about 3.35 times of cream and 5.25 times of ordinary gel. Therefore, the ethosomes gel showed good transdermal absorption property and it may be good for clinical safety administration.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335850

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the effects of Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil on transdermal absorption, and investigate the mechanism of permeation on the microstructure and molecular structure of stratum corneum. Through the determination of stratum corneum/medium partition coefficient of ferulicacid in Chuanxiong influenced by Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil, the effects of volatile oil of frankincense and Myrrh on the the microscopic and molecular structure of stratum corneum were explored by observation of skin stratum corneum structure under scanning electron microscopy, and investigation of frankincense and myrrh essential oil effects on the molecular structure of keratin and lipids in stratum corneum under Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that the oil could enhance the distribution of ferulic acid in the stratum corneum and medium, and to a certain extent damaged the imbricate structure of stratum corneum which was originally regularly, neatly, and closely arranged; some epidermal scales turned upward, with local peeling phenomenon. In addition, frankincense and myrrh essential oil caused the relative displacement of CH2 stretching vibration peak of stratum corneum lipids and amide stretching vibration peak of stratum corneum keratin, indicating that frankincense and myrrh essential oil may change the conformation of lipid and keratin in the stratum corneum, increase the bilayer liquidity of the stratum corneum lipid, and change the orderly and compact structure to increase the skin permeability and reduce the effect of barrier function. It can be concluded that Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil can promote the permeation effect by increasing the distribution of drugs in the stratum corneum and changing the structure of the stratum corneum.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338189

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to establish a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method for the determination of the docetaxel concentration in rat plasma, and study the effect of coumarin constituents (imperatorin, isoimperatorin and oxypeucedanin) in Angelica dahurica on pharmacokinetics of docetaxel.Plasma was precipitated with acetonitrile and determined by LC-MS method with Paclitaxel as an internal standard. The specificity, linearity, range, accuracy, precision and stability of the method were suitable for the determination of docetaxel in plasma.Six sprague-dawley rats in each group received intragastric administration of docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), oxypeucedanin (8 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), imperatorin (15 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), and isoimperatorin(15 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹).Their drug plasma concentration was determined by LC-MS with Paclitaxel as an internal standard to draw plasma concentration-time curve, and the phamacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2.0. The results showed that the phamacokinetic parameters of docetaxel all had notable changes when combined with imperatorin, isoimperatorin, and oxypeucedanin, respectively. The phamacokinetic parameters AUC and Cmax were significantly increased, indicating that coumarin constituents in Angelica dahurica could promote the oral bioavailability of docetaxel, and their effects were in the following order: oxypeucedanin> isoimperatorin> imperatorin.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275478

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the effects of Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil on transdermal absorption in vitro of Chuanxiong, and to investigate the possible penetration mechanism of their essential oil from the perspective of skin blood perfusion changes. Transdermal tests were performed in vitro with excised mice skin by improved Franz diffusion cells. The cumulative penetration amounts of ferulic acid in Chuanxiong were determined by HPLC to investigate the effects of Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil on transdermal permeation properties of Chuanxiong. Simultaneously, the skin blood flows were determined by laser flow doppler. The results showed that the cumulative penetration amount of ferulic acid in Chuanxiong was (8.13±0.76) μg•cm⁻² in 24 h, and was (48.91±4.87), (57.80±2.86), (63.34±4.56), (54.17±4.40), (62.52±7.79) μg•cm⁻² respectively in Azone group, Frankincense essential oil group, Myrrh essential oil, frankincense and myrrh singly extracted essential oil mixture group, and frankincense and myrrh mixed extraction essential oil group. The enhancement ratios of each essential oil groups were 7.68, 8.26, 7.26, 8.28, which were slightly greater than 6.55 in Azone group. In addition, as compared with the conditions before treatment, there were significant differences and obvious increasing trend in blood flow of rats in Frankincense essential oil group, Myrrh essential oil group, frankincense and myrrh singly extracted essential oil mixture group, and frankincense and myrrh mixed extraction essential oil group when were dosed at 10, 20, 30, 10 min respectively, indicating that the skin blood flows were increased under the effects of Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil to a certain extent. Thus, Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil had certain effect on promoting permeability of Chuanxiong both before and after drug combination, and may promote the elimination of drugs from epidermis to dermal capillaries through increase of skin blood flow, thus enhancing the transdermal permeation amounts of drugs.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230099

ABSTRACT

To study effects of APG, Span-Tween and A6/25 emulsifier cream system on transdermal absorption in vitro of baicalin, matrine, glycyrrhetinic acid and emodin in emulsifier. Permeations studies were carried out in vitro with excised mice skin by improved Franz diffusion cells. The cumulative penetration amounts and the retention amounts of Chinese herbal medicinal ingredients in three kinds of emulsifier cream systems were determined by HPLC. The effects of different Chinese herbal medicinal ingredients in the same emulsifier system and the same herbal medicinal ingredients in different emulsifier systems on cumulative permeation amount, skin retention amount and permeation rate were investigated. According to the results, the order of different Chinese herbal medicinal ingredients in same kinds of emulsifier system by the cumulative permeation amount and the permeation rate were matrine>baicalin>glycyrrhetinic acid>emodin. With respect to the effect of different emulsifier systems on cumulative permeation amount and permeation rate of the same herbal medicinal ingredients, glycyrrhetinic acid and emodin showed no significant difference, Span-Tween emulsifier cream system had higher cumulative permeation amount and permeation rate. The cumulative permeation amount and the permeation rate of Chinese herbal medicinal ingredients in the three kinds of emulsifier cream systems had an identical regularity. However, the cumulative permeation amount, the skin retension amount and the permeation rate of the same herbal medicinal ingredients in different emulsifier systems had no regularity.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319653

ABSTRACT

To investigate such physical indexes as hygroscopicity, angle of repose, bulk density, fillibility of compression of mixed powder of directly compressed auxiliary materials and fermented cordyceps powder by using micromeritic study methods. The results showed that spray-dried lactose Flowlac100 and microcrystalline cellulose Avicel PH102 had better effect in liquidity and compressibility on fermented cordyceps powder than pregelatinized starch. The study on the impact of directly compressed auxiliary materials on the powder property of fermented cordyceps powder had guiding significant to the research of fermented cordyceps powder tablets, and could provide basis for the development of fermented cordyceps powder tablets.


Subject(s)
Cellulose , Chemistry , Cordyceps , Chemistry , Drug Compounding , Methods , Fermentation , Lactose , Chemistry , Powders , Chemistry , Tablets , Chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287639

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of solid dispersion technology and inclusion technology on dissolution performance of Pulsatillae total saponins, and preliminarily investigate its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The solid dispersion of Pulsatillae total saponins-PEG 4000 was prepared by the melting method. The inclusion compound of Pulsatillae total saponins-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin ( HP-beta-CD) was prepared by the freeze-drying method. The properties of solid dispersion and inclusion compound were identified by using IR, DSC and NMR. And the dissolution of solid dispersion and inclusion compound were also determined by the small glass method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>IR, DSC and NMR results showed the formation of solid dispersion and inclusion compound. In terms of the dissolution, the inclusion compound ranked first, which was followed by solid dispersion and bulk pharmaceutical chemicals.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The inclusion technology could significantly increase the dissolution of Pulsatillae total saponins, whereas the solid dispersion showed no notable solubilization effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Drug Compounding , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Saponins , Chemistry , Solubility , Spectrophotometry, Infrared
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare colon target pellets of Pulsatilla total saponins.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Pulsatilla total saponins-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin inclusion was prepared by the water solution-mixing method. Then plain pills of inclusion were prepared by the granulation-spheronization method, and coated by Glatt fluid bed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The dissolution of plain pills of Pulsatilla total saponins at 2 h was 16.0%, while that of plain pills of inclusion at 0.5 h was 91.9%. With Eudragit S100 as the coating material, TEC as the plasticizer and talcum power as the anti-adherent, when the coating weight was 12%, the coating efficiency was high, with almost no bonding and drug release of coated pellets in artificial gastric juice for 2 h. The accumulated drug release in artificial intestinal fluid for 4 h was less than 15%, and that in artificial colon fluid for 4 h was more than 90%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Coated pellets of Pulsatilla total saponins-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin inclusion showed a good colon targeted drug release in vitro, thus could be further developed to be oral colon targeted preparations.</p>


Subject(s)
2-Hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin , Absorption , Biomimetic Materials , Metabolism , Colon , Metabolism , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drug Implants , Gastric Juice , Metabolism , Humans , Pulsatilla , Chemistry , Saponins , Chemistry , Metabolism , Surface Properties , beta-Cyclodextrins , Chemistry
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