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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905411

ABSTRACT

As a common complication after laryngectomy, dysphagia seriously impaired the quality of life of patients. Laryngectomy included total laryngectomy and partial laryngectomy. Swallowing resistance increasing, esophageal dysmotility and stenosis of new pharynx all resulted in dysphagia after total laryngectomy. The damage or absence of swallowing anatomy after partial laryngectomy led to sub glottal pressure reducing, and trachea protection mechanism and open/close of the glottis impairing, disturbing breathing and swallowing coordination, and result in choking, aspiration, and so on. Dysphagia was assessed subjectively and objectively. Subjective methods included beside examination and swallowing disorder scales. Objective methods included Videofluoroscopic Swallow Study, Fiberoptic Endoscopic Examination of Swallowing and High-resolution Manometry. Early swallowing rehabilitation training, psychological intervention and family members participating in rehabilitation nursing and continuing nursing after discharge could promote the recovery of swallowing function of patients after laryngectomy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825235

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the association between blood test parameters and intensity of Plasmodium falciparum infections among imported falciparum malaria cases in Tianjin City from 2015 to 2019, so as to provide insights into the early diagnosis of imported P. falciparum malaria. Methods The epidemiological data of 37 imported cases with confirmed diagnosis of P. falciparum malaria in Tianjin City from 2015 to 2019 were collected, and the epidemiological features and clinical manifestations were retrospectively analyzed. In addition, the association between blood test parameters and intensity of P. falciparum infections was evaluated among the imported P. falciparum malaria cases. Results Among the 31 imported P. falciparum malaria cases, there were 31 cases (83.8%) with a reduction in platelet (PLT) counts, 16 cases (43.2%) with a reduction in red blood cell (RBC) counts, 16 cases (43.2%) with a reduction in hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations, 23 cases (62.2%) with a rise in neutrophil percentage (NEUT%), 32 cases (86.5%) with a rise in total bilirubin (TBIL) concentrations, 29 cases (78.4%) with a rise in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) concentrations, 28 cases (75.7%) with a rise in aspartate transaminase (AST) concentrations, and 23 cases (62.2%) with a rise in gamma-glutamyl transpetidase (GGT) concentrations. The PLT count and Hb concentration correlated negatively with the intensity of P. falciparum infections (Goodman-Kruskal γ = –0.568 and –0.521, both P values < 0.05) and the TBIL concentration and NEUT% correlated positively with the intensity of P. falciparum infections (Goodman-Kruskal γ = 0.496 and 0.610, both P values < 0.05) among imported falciparum malaria cases; however, there were no associations of ALT, AST, GGT levels or RBC count with the intensity of P. falciparum infections among the imported falciparum malaria cases (Goodman-Kruskal γ = 0.370, 0.497, 0.314 and –0.434, all P values > 0.05). Conclusions PLT, Hb, TBIL and NEUT% may serve as markers for early auxiliary diagnosis of imported P. falciparum malaria, and PLT and TBIL may provide valuable information for the diagnosis of severe imported P. falciparum malaria.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 517-522, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705077

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role and mecha-nism of exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac) protein in the paraventricular nucleus(PVN) of the hypothalamus in the development of inflammatory pain in rats. Methods Adult SD male rats were cho-sen to establish the model of inflammatory pain through subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant(CFA) on the center of left hind foot. Western blot was used to detect the changes of the expression of Ep-ac protein. Thermal withdrawal latency(TWL) was ob-served after the PVN injecting 8p-CPT-2′-O-Me-cAMP (8p-CPT),the agonist of Epac. Then activated down-stream MEK1/2 protein of Epac in PVN was detected using Western blot when the potency was the strongest.Results ① Compared with normal saline(control group),TWL decreased significantly on d 1, d 3, d 5, d 7,d 9 on the ipsilateral foot of CFA group rats(P<0.01),whereas it returned to normal level in d 13;the paw mechanical withdrawal threshold(PMWT) de-creased significantly on d 6,d 8,d 10,d 12 and d 14 (P<0.05);②Compared with the control,the Epac1 protein in CFA group rats began to decrease from d 3, and significantly decreased on d 3 and d 9(P<0.05), however the expression of Epac2 had no significant change, meanwhile p-MEK1/2 protein decreased sig-nificantly on d 3(P<0.05);③Compared with micro-injection of saline into the PVN(Saline group), the heat hyperalgesia of 20 min and 1h decreased signifi-cantly and TWL increased significantly after PVN ad-ministration of 8p-CPT(8p-CPT group)(P <0.05);paraventricular nucleus p-MEK1/2 protein expression increased significantly in 30 min(P <0.05) and re-covered to normal level 2 h after administration. Con-clusion The Epac1-MEK1/2 signaling pathway in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus may be in-volved in the development of chronic inflammatory pain induced by CFA.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 533-539, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297540

ABSTRACT

The aim of the paper is to study the effect of spontaneous firing of injured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron in chronic compression of DRG (CCD) model on excitability of wide dynamic range (WDR) neuron in rat spinal dorsal horn. In vivo intracellular recording was done in DRG neurons and in vivo extracellular recording was done in spinal WDR neurons. After CCD, incidence of spontaneous discharge and firing frequency enhanced to 59.46% and (4.30 ± 0.69) Hz respectively from 22.81% and (0.60 ± 0.08) Hz in normal control group (P < 0.05). Local administration of 50 nmol/L tetrodotoxin (TTX) on DRG neuron in CCD rats decreased the spontaneous activities of WDR neurons from (191.97 ± 45.20)/min to (92.50 ± 30.32)/min (P < 0.05). On the other side, local administration of 100 mmol/L KCl on DRG neuron evoked spontaneous firing in a reversible way (n = 5) in silent WDR neurons of normal rats. There was 36.36% (12/33) WDR neuron showing after-discharge in response to innocuous mechanical stimuli on cutaneous receptive field in CCD rats, while after-discharge was not seen in control rats. Local administration of TTX on DRG with a concentration of 50 nmol/L attenuated innocuous electric stimuli-evoked after-discharge of WDR neurons in CCD rats in a reversible manner, and the frequency was decreased from (263 ± 56.5) Hz to (117 ± 30) Hz (P < 0.05). The study suggests that the excitability of WDR neurons is influenced by spontaneous firings of DRG neurons after CCD.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Ganglia, Spinal , Physiology , Neurons , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn , Cell Biology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789584

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) during traumatic brain injury (TBI) and whether it can modulate secondary injury has not been reported previously. The present study evaluated the potential protective effects of ventricular infusion of PACAP in a rat model of TBI. METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 treatment groups (n=6, each): sham-operated, vehicle (normal saline)+TBI, and PACAP+TBI. Normal saline or PACAP (1g/5L) was administered intracerebroventricularly 20 minutes before TBI. Right parietal cortical contusion was produced via a weight-dropping method. Brains were extracted 24 hours after trauma. Histological changes in brains were examined by HE staining. The numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in blood and the spleen were detected via flow cytometry. RESULTS: In injured brain regions, edema, hemorrhage, inflammatory cell infiltration, and swollen and degenerated neurons were observed under a light microscope, and the neurons were disorderly arrayed in the hippocampi. Compared to the sham group, average CD4+ CD8– lymphocyte counts in blood and the spleen were significantly decreased in rats that received TBI+vehicle, and CD4– CD8+ were increased. In rats administered PACAP prior to TBI, damage was attenuated as evidenced by significantly increased CD4+, and decreased CD8+, T lymphocytes in blood and the spleen. CONCLUSION: Pretreatment with PACAP may protect against TBI by influencing periphery T cellular immune function.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310340

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare and identify a polyclonal antibody (pAb) against GPR17, a novel cysteinyl leukotriene receptor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rabbits were immunized with KLH-coupled GPR17 peptide to prepare the pAb. The titer of the pAb in rabbit plasma was detected by indirect ELISA, and the specificity of the pAb was tested by antigen blockade. GPR17 tissue distribution was detected by Western blot with the pAb.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pAb showed a titer as high as 1:16 364,and was not cross-reacted with the antigens of CysLT(1) and CysLT(2) receptors. A higher expression of GPR17 in the rat brain and heart was detected using the newly prepared pAb. The molecular weigh of GPR17 protein was about 43 kD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prepared GPR17 pAb has high sensitivity and specificity,and can be used in Western blot for detecting GPR17.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Rabbits , Rats , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Allergy and Immunology , Receptors, Leukotriene , Allergy and Immunology
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 451-457, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302428

ABSTRACT

In the present study, rat model of gastric ischemia-reperfusion (GI-R) injury was established by clamping the celiac artery for 30 min followed by 1 h of reperfusion. Subsequently, the regulatory effect of electrical stimulation of cerebellar fastigial nucleus (FN) on GI-R injury and its neural mechanisms were investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats. The results are as follows. Electrical stimulation of the cerebellar FN not only obviously attenuated the GI-R injury in an intensity-dependent manner, but also decreased the apoptosis rate of gastric mucosal cells. Chemical lesion of FN eliminated the protective effect of electrical stimulation of FN on GI-R injury. Electrical stimulation of cerebellar FN decreased both the frequency and amplitude of the discharges of greater splanchnic nerve, but it could not change the discharge of greater splanchnic nerve following the lesion of the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA). After bilateral section of the greater splanchnic nerves, electrical stimulation of the FN also attenuated the GI-R injury. Chemical lesion of the LHA reversed the protective effect of electrical stimulation of FN on GI-R injury. Electrical stimulation of FN increased the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), but decreased the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in gastric mucosa under GI-R. These results indicate that the cerebellar FN may regulate GI-R injury. Therefore, the cerebellar FN is an important brain site protecting the stomach against GI-R. The LHA and greater splanchnic nerves participate in the regulatory effects of cerebellar FN stimulation on GI-R injury. In addition, antioxidation may also be involved in the protection mechanism of cerebellar FN stimulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cerebellar Nuclei , Physiology , Electric Stimulation , Gastric Mucosa , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Hypothalamic Area, Lateral , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259261

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare and identify a polyclonal antibody against cysteinyl leukotriene receptor (CysLT(2)receptor).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rabbits were immunized with KLH-coupled CysLT(2) receptor peptide to prepare the polyclonal antibody (pAb). The titer of the pAb in rabbit plasma was detected by indirect ELISA, and the specificity of the pAb was tested by antigen blockade. The tissue distribution of CysLT(2) receptor was detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry with the prepared pAb.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The pAb showed a titer higher than 1/1047296, and was specific to CysLT(2) receptor, without cross-reaction with the antigens of CysLT(1) receptor and GPR17. A higher expression of CysLT(2) receptor in kidney, brain and lung of rats and mice was detected by Western blot analysis using the prepared pAb. The molecular weight of CysLT(2) receptor protein was about 40 kD. Immunohistochemical examination showed that CysLT(2) receptor was expressed mainly in the neuron, and partly in astrocytes in rat brain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prepared CysLT(2) receptor pAb has high sensitivity and specificity, and can be used in Western blot and immunohistochemistry.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Brain , Metabolism , Kidney , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Mice , Rabbits , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Leukotriene , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism
9.
Tumor ; (12): 263-267, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849413

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), multidrug resistance associated protein (MRP1), and glutathione-S-transferases (GST-π) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and their relationship with the biological features of lung cancer. Methods: The expressions of HIF-1α, GLUT1, MRP1, and GST-π mRNA in 36 samples of NSCLC tissues and 12 samples of corresponding adjacent tissues were detected by RT-PCR and semiquantitative agarose gel electrophoresis. Their expression in various TNM staging cancer tissues was analyzed by SAS8.0 statistic software. Results: The expressions of the four genes significantly increased in NSCLC tissues than in the corresponding adjacent tissues (P 0.05). Conclusion: HIF-1α, GLUT1, MRP1, and GST-π were over-expressed in NSCLC tissues, which were associated with lymph node and distant metastasis. Expressions of HIF-1α and GLUT1 were elevated with the increase in the TNM staging but expressions of MRP1 and GST-π did not correlate with TNM staging. HIF-1α mRNA expression was positively related with the expression of GLUT1 mRNA (P 0.05). The over-expressions of the four genes may be useful markers indicating the carcinogenesis, Progression, and deterioration of NSCLC.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1082-1087, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240267

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>We investigated the role in electrical stimulations of paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on gastric mucosal cells and the activity of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) family members induced by gastric ischemia-reperfusion (GI-R). And we elucidated the molecular mechanisms of the protection of PVN from GI-R injuries.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into 4 groups: Group I, the sham-operated GI-R control group; Group II, the sham-operated electrical stimulations to PVN + sham-operated GI-R control group; Group III, the GI-R group; and Group IV, the electrical stimulations to PVN + GI-R group. In all of the experiments, the PVN was stimulated prior to the induction of GI-R. The GI-R model was established by clamping the celiac artery for 30 minutes to induce ischemia and then was released to allow reperfusion for 30 minutes, 1 hour, 3 hours and 6 hours, respectively. The gastric mucosal cellular apoptosis, proliferation, and the expression and activity of MAPKs protein were observed by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the GI-R group, the application of electrical stimulations in the PVN significantly depressed gastric mucosal cellular apoptosis and enhanced gastric mucosal cellular proliferation following the 30-minute, 1-hour and 3-hour intervals of reperfusion; it also promoted the activation of p-ERK during the early phase of reperfusion but inhibited the activation of p-JNK1/2 and p-p38 following the 30-minute, 1-hour and 3-hour intervals of reperfusion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The protection of PVN against GI-R injuries may attribute to the inhibition of apoptosis and the promotion of the proliferation of gastric mucosal cells during GI-R. This protective effect is mediated by activating the ERK pathway and depressing the JNK, p38 MAPK pathways of the gastric mucosal cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Electric Stimulation , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Physiology , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Physiology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Physiology , Male , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus , Physiology , Phosphorylation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Physiology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271555

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine whether the skilled reaching test is an objective method for evaluating long-term neurological deficits after focal cerebral ischemia in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In a reaching box, mice were trained to reach food pellets with their left forelimb through a 0.5 cm slit for 3 weeks. Then focal cerebral ischemia was induced by occluding the right middle cerebral artery, and the percentage of success in obtaining food was observed for 4 weeks. In comparison, the neurological deficit score, the holding angle in an inclined board test, and right turns in a corner test were simultaneously performed. At the end of the experiments, brain infarcts and neuron densities were determined.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After focal cerebral ischemia, the percentage of success in the reaching test was reduced, the right turns in the corner test were increased, the neurological deficit score was increased, and the holding angle in the inclined board test was reduced as well. The holding angle recovered 5 d after ischemia, whereas other 3 indicators remained abnormal until 4 weeks. At the end of the experiments, the brain infarct volumes were increased, and the neuron densities in the cortex, hippocampal CA1 region and striatum were reduced in ischemic mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The skill reaching test is an objective and stable method for evaluating long-term neurological deficits after focal cerebral ischemia in mice.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Behavior, Animal , Physiology , Brain , Pathology , Brain Ischemia , Cell Count , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Movement Disorders , Neurologic Examination , Methods , Neurons , Pathology , Psychomotor Performance , Physiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 818-823, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349524

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical manifestations of rheumatic disorders with macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The authors characterized MAS by carrying out a retrospective study on patients who were identified during the past 12 years in Tianjin Children's Hospital.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six cases (4 females, 2 males) were studied. Four had typical systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SOJIA), two had systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with lupus nephritis. Clinical manifestations at diagnosis, which occurred in the lower activity state of these primary diseases, included high spiking fever (in 5 cases) or high fever (in 1), hepatosplenomegaly (in 6), lymphadenopathy (in 6), profound decrease of all 3 blood cell lines (in 6), significant injury of liver (in 6), diseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)-like picture (in 2), and central nervous system dysfunction (in 3). Hypofibrinogenemia, elevated liver enzymes and hypertriglyceridemia were found consistently. The phagocytic histiocytes with plasmacytosis were found in 3 bone marrow smears (not done in others). MAS was presumed to have been precipitated by viral infections in 3 patients, two had evidences for herpes simplex virus infection and one for hepatitis A virus infection. The treatment regimen was tailored to each patient, as the clinical course was variable.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MAS may not only be most frequently seen in children with SOJIA, but also in those with other rheumatic diseases, and may be a syndrome that is more common than previously thought. Infection may be main trigger factor for MAS. The immunoapheresis combined with immunochemotherapy may be optimal for severe injury of the liver in patients with MAS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arthritis, Juvenile , Pathology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Pathology , Macrophage Activation Syndrome , Pathology , Male , Retrospective Studies
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 237-243, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265459

ABSTRACT

The effect of gastric ischemia-reperfusion (GI-R) on gastric mucosal cellular apoptosis and proliferation was investigated using histological, immunohistochemical methods in Sprague-Dawley rats. The GI-R model was established by clamping the celiac artery for 30 min and reperfusing for 0, 0.5, 1, 3, 6, 24, 48, 72 h, respectively. Mild gastric mucosal injury was induced by ischemia alone. However, the injury worsened and reached the maximum at 1 h after reperfusion, almost simultaneously with the gastric mucosal cellular apoptosis increase and cellular proliferation decrease in gastric mucosa. Then, gastric mucosal cells began to repair by increasing gastric cellular proliferation, which achieved the maximum at 24 h after reperfusion. The mucosal lesions were almost completely repaired at about 72 h after reperfusion. These results indicate that the gastric mucosal injury after GI-R is mainly induced by reperfusion. The damaged gastric mucosa could initiate its repairing mechanism immediately through inhibiting cellular apoptosis and increasing the number of proliferative cells, which substitute the damaged cells gradually. The plerosis almost completes in three days after reperfusion showing a strong self-repair ability of gastric mucosa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Physiology , Cell Proliferation , Female , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , Physiology , Ischemia , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Regeneration , Physiology , Reperfusion Injury , Stomach , Pathology , Physiology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333728

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To investigate the effect of paraventricular nucleus (PVN) stimulation and the c-fos expression within PVN and nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) of the rat following gastric ischemia/reperfusion injury (GI/RI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The rat celiac artery was clamped for thirty minutes and reperfused for sixty minutes, using Fos immunohistochemical method (ABC method) examined the c-fos expression within PVN and NTS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Both electrical and chemical stimulation of the PVN obviously attenuated the GI/ RI. (2) Bilateral electrolytic lesion of NTS could eliminate the protective effect of electrical stimulation of the PVN. (3) The Fos-like immunoreactive neurons were increased in bilateral PVN and NTS by GI/RI.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The function of PVN and NTS could be affected by the GI/RI noxious stimulation. PVN, NTS were involved in the regulation of GI/RI.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , Male , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Solitary Nucleus , Metabolism , Stomach
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 435-440, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318971

ABSTRACT

The effects of electrical and chemical stimulation and electrolytic lesion of lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) on gastric ischemia-reperfusion injury (GI-RI) were investigated in rats whose celiac arteries were clamped for 30 min and reperfused for 60 min by removal of the clamp. The results are as follows. (1) Electrical stimulation of LHA could aggravate GI-RI in an intensity-dependent manner by using 0.2, 0.4 or 0.6 mA current respectively. Microinjection of L-glutamic acid into LHA resulted in a similar effect to that of electrical stimulation of LHA on GI-RI. After electrolytic lesion of bilateral LHA, the area of gastric mucosal injury induced by gastric ischemia-reperfusion (GI-R) was smaller than that by electrical stimulation of LHA plus GI-R. (2) Dorsal vagal complex (DVC) lesion or vagotomy could eliminate the effect of electrical stimulation of LHA on GI-RI. (3) Electrical stimulation of LHA increased the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) but decreased the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) of ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) gastric mucosa. (4) Electrical stimulation of LHA plus gastric I-R increased gastric juice volume and total acid output, but there were no significant changes in acidity, pepsin activity and gastric barrier mucus. These results indicate that the LHA is an area in the CNS exerting aggravate effects on GI-RI. The DVC and vagus may be involved in the regulative effects of LHA on GI-RI. These effects are associated with increases in gastric mucosal MDA content, gastric juice volume, and total acid output, and a decrease in SOD activity.Acidity, pepsin activity and gastric barrier mucus do not seem to play an important role.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electric Stimulation , Gastric Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Hypothalamic Area, Lateral , Metabolism , Male , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Pathology , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 133-138, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279324

ABSTRACT

The effects of paraventricular nucleus (PVN) stimulation and vasopressin on gastric ischemia-reperfusion injury (GI-RI) were investigated in male SD rats of which the celiac artery was clamped for 30 min and reperfused for 1 h by removal of the clamp. The results were as follows. Both electrical and chemical stimulation of the PVN obviously attenuated the GI-RI. Bilateral electrolytic lesion of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) or microinjection of AVP-V(1) receptor antagonist into the NTS could eliminate the protective effect of electrical stimulation of the PVN on GI-RI. Hypophysectomy did not influence the effect of electrical stimulation of the PVN. Both vagotomy and sympathectomy could increase the effect of stimulating PVN on GI-RI. Microinjection of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) into the PVN also attenuated the effect on GI-RI. These results suggest that the PVN and AVP participate in the regulation of GI-RI and play an important role in protection against GI-RI. This protective effect of PVN on GI-RI might be mediated by activation of AVP-ergic neurons in the PVN, which release AVP from the descending projection fibers and activate the AVP-V(1) receptors on the NTS neurons. The vagus and sympathetic nerves are involved in the efferent pathway exerting their effects on GI-RI. Hypophysis does not seem to be involved in the protective effect of PVN stimulation.


Subject(s)
Afferent Pathways , Physiology , Animals , Electric Stimulation , Male , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Therapeutics , Stimulation, Chemical , Stomach , Sympathetic Nervous System , Physiology , Vagus Nerve , Physiology , Vasopressins , Pharmacology
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