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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928154

ABSTRACT

This study aims to develop an HPLC-DAD method for simultaneous determination of 11 components(6 phenolic acids and 5 iridoids) in Lonicera japonica flowers(LjF) and leaves(LjL), and compare the content differences of LjF at different development stages, LjL at different maturity levels, and between LjF and LjL. One-way ANOVA, principal component analysis(PCA), and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to compare the content of the 11 components. The content of total phenolic acids, total iridoid glycosides, and total 11 components in LjF showed an overall downward trend with the development of flowers. The content of total phenolic acids, total iridoid glycosides, and total 11 components in young leaves were higher than those in mature leaves. The results of PCA showed that the samples at different flowering stages had distinguishable differences in component content. The VIP value of OPLS-DA showed that isochlorogenic acid A, chlorogenic acid, and secologanic acid were the main differential components of LjF at different development stages or LjL with different maturity levels. LjF and LjL have certain similarities in chemical composition while significant differences in component content. The content of total phenolic acids in young leaves was significantly higher than that in LjF at various development stages. The content of total iridoid glycosides in young leaves was similar to that in LjF before white flower bud stage. The total content of 11 components in young leaves was significantly higher than that in LjF at green flower bud stage, before and during completely white flower bud stage. LjL have great potential for development. Follow-up research on the pharmacodynamic equivalence of LjF and LjL(especially young leaves) should be carried out to speed up the development and application of LjL.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flowers/chemistry , Iridoid Glycosides/analysis , Lonicera/chemistry , Plant Leaves/chemistry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927980

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze aflatoxins content and fungal community distribution in the harvesting and processing of Platycladi Semen, and explore the key link that affects aflatoxins contamination. The related Platycladi Semen samples of different maturity periods(cone non-rupture period, early rupture, and complete rupture period) and different processing periods(before drying, during 2-d drying, during 7-d drying, before and after seed scale removal, before and after peeling, 1 d after color sorting, and 7 d after color sorting) were collected for identifying the fungal community composition on sample surface by ITS amplicon sequencing. Then the content of aflatoxins B_1, B_2, G_1 and G_2 was determined by HPLC-MS/MS. The results showed that during the harvesting of Platycladi Semen from cone non-rupture to complete rupture, aflatoxins were only detected in the seed scale and seed coat, with aflatoxin G_2 in the seed scale and aflatoxin B_1 in the seed coat. During the drying, with the prolongation of drying time, aflatoxins B_1 and G_2 were detected simultaneously in the seed scale, aflatoxin B_1 in the seed coat, and low-content aflatoxin B_1 in the seed kernel. During subsequent processing, the aflatoxin content in seed kernel during subsequent processing was slighted increased. As demonstrated by fungal detection, Aspergillus flavus was not present during the harvesting of Platycladi Semen, but present during the drying and processing. Its content in the seed coat during the drying process was relatively higher. In short, Platycladi Semen should be harvested as soon as possible after it becomes fully mature. Drying process is the key link of preventing aflatoxin contamination. It is advised to build a sunlight room or adopt similar settings, standardize the operations in other processes, and keep the surrounding environment clean to minimize aflatoxin contamination.


Subject(s)
Aflatoxins/analysis , Aspergillus flavus , Food Contamination/prevention & control , Mycobiome , Semen/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927946

ABSTRACT

In this study, the content of five heavy metals(Pb, Cd, As, Hg, and Cu) in 59 batches of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos(LJF) medicinal materials and pieces were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS). The health risk assessment was processed using the maximum estimated daily intake(EDI), target hazard quotients(THQ), and carcinogenic risks(CR) assessment models. With reference to the limit standard for heavy metal content in LJF specified in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, five batches produced in Hebei were found to contain excessive Pb, and the remaining 54 batches met the specifications, with the unqualified rate of 8.47%. Comparative analysis of heavy metal content in LJF samples from three different producing areas, namely Shandong, Henan, and Hebei showed that the levels of Pb, As, and Hg in LJF from Hebei were significantly higher than those from Henan and Shandong. The samples produced in Shandong contained the highest content of Cd. The samples from Hebei contained the highest content of Cu while those from Shandong had the lowest content of Cu. As demonstrated by health risk assessment based on the EDI, THQ and CR models, these 59 batches of LJF samples did not cause significant health hazards for the exposed population, and there was no potential non-carcinogenic or carcinogenic risk. In conclusion, a few of LJF samples contained excessive heavy metals, so some measures, including controlling production environment, cultivating management mode, and optimizing processing methods, should be taken for ensuring the medication safety of LJF.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Environmental Pollution/analysis , Mercury/toxicity , Metals, Heavy/toxicity , Risk Assessment
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 244-256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872604

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacological approaches were used to predict the components, targets and pathways of Erhuang decoction (EhD) in the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI). The SwissTargetPrediction platform, DisGeNET, Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) databases were used to predict potential targets of EhD and were integrated with the predicted targets for the treatment of ALI. A protein-protein interaction network model was constructed by using String database and Cytoscape software; the DAVID platform was used for Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. A network of drug components-targets-pathways was constructed by Cytoscape software and the SwissDock platform was used to dock the molecules of EhD found in blood with the key disease targets. An ALI model was established in mice and inflammatory factor detection and Western blot protein expression experiments with lung tissue sections were carried out to verify the effect of EhD in the treatment of ALI. Animal experiment ethical requirements were approved by the Ethical Committee Experimental Animal Center of Shandong University (Grant Number: 2016020). We identified 148 potential targets including signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), vascular endothelial cell growth factor A (VEGFA), RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), and nuclear factor-kappa B/p65 (RELA). The potential targets are largely associated with the biological processes of inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Additional pathways relate to cancer, VEGF signaling, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling, along with other signaling pathways. Pharmacodynamic experiments showed that EhD could significantly reduce the content of inflammatory factors and the degree of lung injury of ALI mice. Western blot revealed that EhD could significantly decrease the expression of NF-κB/p65 and upregulate the expression of NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha (IκBα). From the perspective of network pharmacology, the mechanisms of EhD in the treatment of ALI is consistent with the characteristics of multiple ingredients, multiple targets and multiple pathways. This research provides a reference for further study of the mechanism of this traditional Chinese medicine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888068

ABSTRACT

In this study, the colonization, diversity and relative abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi(AMF) in the roots of Panax quinquefolius in different habitats of Shandong province were analyzed by staining-microscopy and high-throughput sequencing. The data were analyzed by bioinformatics tools and statistical software. The results showed that the roots of P. quinquefolius in different habitats were colonized by AMF with different rates and intensities. The AMF in roots of P. quinquefolius belong to three genera, three families, three orders, one class and one phylum. At the level of order, the AMF mainly included Paraglomerales(52.48%), Glomerales(25.60%) and Archaeosporales(3.08%). At the level of family, the AMF were dominated by Paraglomeraceae(52.48%), Glomeraceae(18.94%) and Claroideoglomeraceae(3.05%). At the level of genus, Paraglomus(51.46%), Glomus(20.01%) and Claroideoglomus(3.52%) accounted for a large proportion, of which Paraglomus and Glomus were dominant. Cluster analysis showed that the AMF in roots of P. quinquefolius with close geographical locations could be clustered together. In this study, the diversity and dominant germplasm resources of AMF in roots of P. quinquefolius cultivated in the main producing areas were identified, which provi-ded basic data for revealing the quality formation mechanism of P. quinquefolius medicinal materials from the perspective of environment.


Subject(s)
Fungi , Glomeromycota , Humans , Mycorrhizae/genetics , Panax , Plant Roots , Soil Microbiology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887945

ABSTRACT

As a traditional Chinese medicinal material, Lonicera japonica has a long medicinal history. The chemical constituents of Lonicera japonica are complex, mainly including iridoid glycosides, flavonoids, triterpenes, organic acids and volatile oil. Iridoid glycosides account for a higher proportion. In addition, modern pharmacological studies have shown that the iridoid glycosides have many pharmacological activities such as antivirus, anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, liver protection and lowering blood sugar. This review intends to systematically summarize the iridoid glycosides identified from Lonicera japonica and their pharmacological activities by searc-hing Chinese and English databases, in order to provide a reference for the further development and utilization of Lonicera japonica and for the improvement of quality standards of medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Flavonoids , Glycosides/pharmacology , Iridoid Glycosides/pharmacology , Lonicera , Plant Extracts
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878913

ABSTRACT

In the process of harvesting, production and processing, storage, and transportation, the traditional Chinese medicine Platycladi Semen is prone to mildew due to its own and environmental factors, which can nourish the production of toxic or pathogenic fungi, and even produce mycotoxins, which affects the safety of clinical medication. The 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia limits the highest standard of aflatoxin content in Platycladi Semen. However, there are few studies on the fungal contamination of Platycladi Semen, and it is difficult to prevent and control it in a targeted manner. Therefore, based on the Illumina NovaSeq6000 platform, this article uses ITS sequence amplicon technology to analyze the distribution and diversity of fungi in 27 batches of commercially available Platycladi Semen in the Chinese market. A total of 10 phyla, 35 classes, 93 orders, 193 families, 336 genera, and 372 species of fungi were identified in China. Among them, Aspergillus, Alternaria spp. were dominant, 20 batches of samples were detected for A. flavus, 10 batches of samples were detected for A. nidulans, and all samples were detected for potential pathogenic fungi such as A. fumigatus and A. niger. According to diversity analysis, the diversity of the fungal communities in the samples from Gansu province was high, the samples in Shandong province contain the largest number of fungal species, and the samples in Guangxi province had the lo-west diversity and the least number of species. In most samples, pathogenic fungi such as A. fumigatus, A. niger, A. flavus, A. parasiticus were detected in varying degrees. This study systematically investigated the fungal contamination of Platycladi Semen from the markets in the last link of the its industrial chain, and clarified the distribution of Platycladi Semen fungi, especially toxin-producing fungi, and provided theoretical basis for the targeted prevention and control of fungal contamination in Platycladi Semen.


Subject(s)
Aflatoxins , China , Fungi/genetics , Humans , Mycobiome , Mycotoxins/analysis , Semen/chemistry
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781223

ABSTRACT

Three new secoiridoid glycosides, named lonijapoglycol A (1), aldosecolohanin C (2) and aldosecolohanin B (3), together with three known ones (4-6), have been isolated from the flower the buds of Lonicera japonica. All the structures were identified by spectroscopic analyses. Lonijapoglycol A (1) expressed significant anti-inflammatory activity to inhibit the release of β-glu-curonidase induced by platelet-activating factor in rat polymorphonuclear leukocytes with an IC value of 3.76 μmol·L.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827980

ABSTRACT

In this study, the infection of root arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi(arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, AMF of Panax quinquefolium in Shandong province was investigated, and the distribution characteristics and infection regularity of AMF were found out. The AMF of P. quinquefolium roots in different habitats was examined by alkali dissociation-trypickin blue staining method to study the infection rate and infection intensity. The contents of ginsenoside(Rb_1, Re, Rg_1, Rb_2, Rd and Rh_1) in the roots of P. quinquefolium was determined by HPLC. The experimental data were SPSS 17.0 statistical software for One-way analysis of variance, cluster analysis and correlation analysis. The results showed that the AMF infection in roots of P. quinquefolium, and there were obvious structures such as hyphae, arbuscular branches and vesicles, and the AMF infection rate and infection intensity showed obvious spatial and temporal heterogeneity with the growth age and origin of P. quinquefolium. The infection rate of AMF in roots of P. quinquefolium from 1 to 3 years increased significantly with the increase of growth years(P<0.05). The infection intensity and infection rate of P. quinquefolium showed a similar change trend, the AMF infection rate and infection intensity reached the highest level in the third year. Cluster analysis showed that the infection rates of roots of P. quinquefolium in similar geographical locations could be clustered together. Correlation analysis showed that the AMF infection rate of P. quinquefolium root was significantly positively correlated with the infection intensity, and the AMF infection rate and infection intensity were significantly positively correlated with the contents of ginsenoside Rg_1, Re and Rb_1. This study explored the distribution characteristics and regularity of AMF in roots of P. quinquefolium under the protected cultivation conditions, and provided basic data for ecological cultivation of P. quinquefolium and research and development of biological bacterial fertilizer.


Subject(s)
Fertilizers , Fungi , Ginsenosides , Mycorrhizae , Panax , Plant Roots
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774525

ABSTRACT

Exogenous calcium can enhance the resistance of certain plants to abiotic stress. However,the role of calcium insaltstressed honeysuckle is unclear. The study is aimed to investigate the effects of exogenous calcium on the biomass,chlorophyll content,gas exchange parameters and chlorophyll fluorescence of honeysuckle under salt stress. The results showed that the calcium-treated honeysuckle had better photochemical properties than the salt-stressed honeysuckle,such as PIABS,PItotal,which represents the overall activity of photosystemⅡ(PSⅡ),and related parameters for characterizing electron transport efficiency φP0,ψE0,φE0,σR,and φR are significantly improved. At the same time,the gas exchange parameters Gs,Ci,Trare also maintained at a high level. In summary,exogenous calcium protects the activity of PSⅡ,promotes the transmission of photosynthetic electrons,and maintains a high Ci,therefore enhances the resistance of honeysuckle under salt stress.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Pharmacology , Chlorophyll , Lonicera , Physiology , Photosynthesis , Plant Leaves , Salt Stress
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 295-300, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342048

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Comprehensive management of diabetes should include management of its comorbid conditions, especially cardiovascular complications, which are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with diabetes. Dyslipidemia is a comorbid condition of diabetes and a risk factor for cardiovascular complications. Therefore, lipid level management is a key of managing patients with diabetes successfully. However, it is not clear that how well dyslipidemia is managed in patients with diabetes in local Chinese health-care communities. This study aimed to assess how well low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was managed in Nanjing community hospitals, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We reviewed clinical records of 7364 diabetic patients who were treated in eleven community hospitals in Nanjing from October 2005 to October 2014. Information regarding LDL-C level, cardiovascular risk factors, and use of lipid-lowering agents were collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In patients without history of cardiovascular disease (CVD), 92.1% had one or more CVD risk factors, and the most common CVD risk factor was dyslipidemia. The overall average LDL-C level was 2.80 ± 0.88 mmol/L, which was 2.62 ± 0.90 mmol/L and 2.82 ± 0.87 mmol/L in patients with and without CVD history respectively. Only 38% of all patients met the target goal and 37.3% of patients who took lipid-lowering agents met target goal. Overall, 24.5% of all patients were on lipid-lowering medication, and 36.3% of patients with a CVD history and 20.9% of patients without CVD history took statins for LDL-C management. The mean statin dosage was 13.9 ± 8.9 mg.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Only a small portion of patients achieved target LDL-C level, and the rate of using statins to control LDL-C was low. Managing LDL-C with statins in patients with diabetes should be promoted, especially in patients without a CVD history and with one or more CVD risk factors.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771547

ABSTRACT

The specific PCR primer was designed base on ITS2 sequence in GenBank, and we developed a SYBRGreen real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR system for identification of Crocus sativus and Carthamus tinctorius source. Compared with Chinese herbal medicine DNA barcode technique, this method showed characteristics of shorter time, higher specificity and sensitivity. Using this method to detect 15 samples, 4 were C. sativus, 8 were C. tinctorius, and the other 3 samples were none of them. The result was in accordance with Chinese herbal medicine DNA barcode. This study lays the foundation for identification of related Chinese medical materials.


Subject(s)
Carthamus tinctorius , Crocus , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710142

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the correlations between colors and contents of nine active constituents of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge.with four growth years (one,two,three and five years).METHODS The chromatic values (L*,a* and b*) were determined by precise color difference meter.HPLC was applied to determining the contents of water-soluble constituents (lithospermic acid,salvianolic acid B,rosmarinic acid,protocatechuic aldehyde acid and salvianic acid A sodium) and liposoluble-soluble constituents (dihydrotanshinone Ⅰ,cryptotanshinone,tanshinone Ⅰ and tanshinone Ⅱ A).Then the correlations between colors and contents of various constituents were investigated by Pearson correlation analysis.RESULTS L* and b * values of two growth-year S.miltiorrhiza,together with a* value of three growth-year S.miltiorrhiza,were the highest,but various chromatic values of five growth-year S.miltiorrhiza were all the lowest.The contents of various constituents in three growth-year S.miltiorrhiza reached the highest.Lithospermic acid and salvianic acid A sodium showed no significant correlations with various chromatic values,salvianolic B,rosmarinic acid and tanshinone Ⅱ A exhibited significantly positive correlations with them,and protocatechuic aldehyde had significantly negative correlations with them.CONCLUSION The quality of three growth-year S.miltiorrhiza is relatively high.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304869

ABSTRACT

To research the differences and correlation between Scutellaria baicalensis about phenotypic traits of different strains, 10 aboveground traits and 6 root traits of S. baicalensis in two-year-transplanted plants from 14 different strains were compared respectively, and the SPSS 17.0 statistical software was used for data analysis. It showed that phenotypic traits variation of different S. baicalensis strains was rich and the F value ranged from 3.169 to 71.58. The difference was significant between each other and germplasm 15 performs the most outstanding characters. Correlation analysis showed that there existed a significant correlation between the characters except for lateral root number, root diameter and length. The correlation coefficient between the fresh weight of root and the reed head diameter was up to 0.877. Principal component analysis showed that the average of overall yield per plant and root diameter could be used as the comprehensive reference index for germplasm evaluation. The differences and correlations in phenotypic traits of different S. baicalensis strains, provide theoretical basis for distinguishing germplasm and breeding good varieties of S. baicalensis.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1683-1690, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332628

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the therapeutic efficacy of different consolidation therapies after induction remission on Ph negative adolescent and young adults with acute B lymphoblastic leukemia, and to explore the effect of different risk factors on prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The treatment and efficacy of 80 Ph negative B-ALL in patients of 16-39 years old in the Hematology Department of 301(65 cases) and 309(15 cases) hospital from 1999 to 2016 are retrospectively analyzed. The patients received combined induction chemotherapy of 4 or 5 chemotherapeutic drugs (VDCLP/ VDLP/ DOLP/ IOLP). After remission patients received consolidation protocols of 3-5 cycls, and then received allo-HSCT or haploidentical HSCT. The median follow-up time was 29 (6-153) months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HSCT was carried out after CR1. The 5-year OS and EFS of allo-HSCT group(n=29) was (73±16)% and (67±17)%, respectively, while those of haploidentical-HSCT group(n=20) were (53±22)% and (53±22)%, respectively, and those of pediatric-inspired protocols(n=31) was (63±17)% and (50±18)%, respectively. The difference between OS and EFS in 3 group was not statistically significant(P>0.05). The re-remission rate of recurrent patients was (50±23)%. On the one side, the cumulative incidence of TRM of pediatric-inspired protocol was better than that of HSCT (P<0.05). On the other side, the cummulative incidence of relapse (CIR) of pediatric-inspired protocol was poorer than that of HSCT, yet without significant difference (P>0.05). The median remission time of CR2 in patients was 14(2-36) months. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed in 65 patients, and showed an abnormal result of CD13 or CD33 positive, CD22 negative, indicating a poor prognosis(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the adolescent and young adult patients with PhB-ALL treated by pediatric-inspired protocols, the survival time is similar with that in allo-HSCT group. However, more prospective clinical studies of random control test(RCT) should be carried out.</p>

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330216

ABSTRACT

To explore the effective components represented by fingerprint contributed to allelopathic effect of different Salvia miltiorrhiza aqueous concentration on seeds and seedlings of radish, grey relational analysis was used to establish the chromatography-efficacy relation. The results show that 15 peaks devote high allelopathic contribution to radish seeds and seedlings. The study will provide a new concept for allelochemicals screening and study.


Subject(s)
Allelopathy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Pheromones , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Raphanus , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300229

ABSTRACT

Trichosanthes kirilowii has been widely cultivated as its medicinal use, health care and food value. Drought resistance of seedlings is an important feature in breeding. Seeds of two T. kirilowii strains were used to research the difference of surface ultrastructure characteristic and drought resistance. Scanning electron microscope was used to identify the surface ultrastructure characteristic of seeds and PEG was used to simulate drought stress. The seeds germination rate, MDA content, chlorophyll content and the antioxidant enzymes activity were measured under the drought stress. The results showed that the seed surface colour of KXY-001 was lighter than that of KXY-005. The testa cobwebbing of KXY-001 was more intensive than that of KXY-005. The germination rate of KXY-001 was higher than that of KXY-005 under drought stress. The MDA content was increased and the chlorophyll content was decreased with the increasing of drought degree. The SOD activity of KXY-001 was higher than that of KXY-005, while the activity of POD and CAT was also increased firstly and decreased later. Surface reticulate of seeds and hilar traits can be used as identification points to identify the investigated strains. SOD and POD are activated to resist drought in T. kirilowii seedlings and the drought resistance of KXY-001 is superior than that of KXY-005.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Physiological , Catalase , Metabolism , Chlorophyll , Metabolism , Droughts , Germination , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Peroxidase , Metabolism , Polyethylene Glycols , Pharmacology , Seedlings , Metabolism , Seeds , Metabolism , Species Specificity , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Trichosanthes , Classification , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299792

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of plant-derived smoke water on the accumulation of biomass and active substance of Salvia miltiorrhiza f. alba, seedlings of S. miltiorrhiza were treated with different concentrations of smoke water (1:500, 1: 1 000, 1: 2 000). The fresh weight and dry weight of underground part, the number of split-root, maximum root diameter, average root diameter, average root length, the content of lipophilic components and water-soluble components were measured. Results showed that fresh weight and dry weight of underground part were respectively improved by 98.01%, 44.32% and 85.71%, 28.57% with significant difference by smoke water treatment with concentration of 1: 500 and 1: 1 000. Maximum root diameter and dry weight of underground part were respectively enhanced by 58.44% and 85.71% by smoke water with concentration of 1:500. The content of tanshinone I and tanshinone II(A) were improved by smoke water treatment, however there were no significantly difference on the content of cryptotanshinone and dihydrotan shinone. This study indicates that smoke water treatment could be used to improve the accumulation of biomass and active substance content of S. miltiorrhiza f. alba, which could provide new ideas for its green cultivating.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Biomass , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Metabolism , Smoke , Water , Chemistry , Metabolism
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1614-1620, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299088

ABSTRACT

According to the designed specific primers of gene fragment based on the Salvia miltiorrhiza transcriptome data, with the method of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), this study cloned full-length cDNA sequence of 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl-4-diphosphate synthase gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza bge.f.alba, this sequence is named as SmHDS and its GenBank registration number is KJ746807. SmHDS, 2 529 bp long, contains an ORF of 2 229 bp, encodes 742 amino acids, including 5' UTR 170 bp and 3' UTR 130 bp. Using bioinformatics software, having made a homology analysis of the obtained sequence, we can have a conclusion that SmHDS have a close genetic relationship with HDS of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Analysis result of prokaryotic expression revealed that in Escherichia coli, SmHDS expressed target proteins which in size are comparable with the protein predicted. Meanwhile, the 4 factors which can influence the protein expression were optimized, the 4 factors are inducing temperature, inducing time, IPTG concentrations and density of inducing host bacterium (A600). The optimal expression conditions of SmHDS were 30 degrees C until the A600 is 0.6, and add IPTG to a final concentration of 0.2 mmol x L(-1), and the induction time of 20 h. It provides theoretical basis for the further study of the function of 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl-4-diphosphate synthase in the biosynthesis of tanshinone compounds.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Genetics , Abietanes , Enzymes , Genetics , Escherichia coli , Metabolism , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 622-625, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272153

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy and safety of standard or reduced doses of bortezomib combined with adriamycin and dexamethasone (PAD) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-two newly diagnosed or refractory/relapsed patients received bortezomib [either 1.2-1.3 mg/m(2) (standard dose) or 1.0-1.1 mg/m(2) (reduced dose) on day 1, 4, 8 and 11], and adriamycin (10 mg/m(2)) plus dexamethasone (40 mg/m(2)) on day 1-4 at 3-week intervals for 1 to 6 courses. The International Myeloma Working Group Criteria were used to evaluate the response. Adverse events were graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (Version 3.0).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two courses of standard dose of PAD resulted in a similar response rate of partial and very good partial complete remissions (PR) compared with reduced dose (80.0% vs 80.8%, P=0.728). Grade III- Ⅳ neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were higher with standard dose than that with reduced doses of PAD (21.1% vs11.1%, P=0.270; 10.5% vs 6.3%, P=0.619, respectively). Grade III-Ⅳ bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy, herpes zoster, fatigue or abdominal distention were significantly higher with standard dose than that with reduced dose of PAD (15.8% vs 1.6%, P=0.037; 26.3% vs 6.3%, P=0.028; 36.8% vs 14.3%, P=0.046; 15.8% vs 1.6%, P=0.037, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Reduced dose of PAD appears to result in a similar overall response rate, but a better tolerance and safety compared with standard dose.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Boronic Acids , Therapeutic Uses , Bortezomib , Dexamethasone , Doxorubicin , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Drug Therapy , Pyrazines , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
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