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1.
Health Communication ; (2): 67-74, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914415

ABSTRACT

Background@#: Interprofessional education is a necessary step in preparing healthcare providers. This study was done to develop an interprofessional ethical education for nursing and medical students in South Korea, and examine its effects on their readiness for interprofessional learning and achievement in learning outcomes. @*Methods@#: The study was designed using a one-group pretest-posttest design. The subjects were 34 4th-year nursing students and 39 5th-year medical students who participated in an interprofessional ethical education program. Descriptive statistics, a independent t-test, and a dependent t-test were used for data analysis. @*Results@#: After interprofessional ethical education, students’ readiness for interprofessional learning and achievement in learning outcomes were improved. The improvement of nursing students were higher than that of medical students. @*Conclusion@#: The study results indicate that an interprofessional ethical education for nursing and medical students is effective in increasing their readiness for interprofessional learning and achievement in learning outcomes.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719462

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fate of abstracts presented at scientific meetings of the Korean College of Rheumatology (KCR). METHODS: This study examined the abstracts presented at annual meetings of the KCR from 2005 to 2014. Only original studies were selected, excluding case reports. A manual search was conducted using PubMed, KoreaMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase to track the published articles. The abstracts were considered to have been published if the authors, title, study design, and results were the same for a published article. In addition, they were considered published if the author and the study design matched, even if the results of the abstract and the results of the published articles were not identical. RESULTS: A total of 928 abstracts from 2005 to 2014 were analyzed. Of the 928 abstracts, 468 (50.43%) abstracts were published in a peer-reviewed journal and the mean time to publication was 19 months. Of the 468 abstracts, 414 were published in a science citation index extended (SCI[E]) journal, and 54 were published in non-SCI(E) journals. The proportion of SCI(E) articles increased annually. The average impact factor for the SCI(E) journals was 2.93. In subgroup analysis, the abstracts that were awarded the best oral or best poster presentation were more likely to be published as full-length articles with a higher impact factor than the abstracts not awarded. CONCLUSION: Half of the abstracts presented in the KCR annual meetings were published in a peer-reviewed journal. Approximately 90% of the articles were published in a SCI(E) journal.


Subject(s)
Awards and Prizes , Korea , Publications , Rheumatology
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25541

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory activity of ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) extract (IPE) in vitro and in vivo. Raji (a human B cell line) and Jurkat (a human T cell line) cells were treated with various doses of IPE and cell proliferation was measured by WST assay. Results showed that IPE promoted the proliferation of both Raji and Jurkat cells in a dose-dependent manner. IPE also enhanced IL-6 and TNF-α production in macrophages in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), although IPE alone did not induce cytokine production. Moreover, IPE treatment upregulated iNOS gene expression in macrophages in a time- and dose-dependent manner and led to the production of nitric oxide in macrophages in the presence of IFNγ. In vivo studies revealed that oral administration of IPE for 2 weeks increased the differentiation of CD4+, CD8+, and CD19+ cells in splenocytes. These findings suggested that IPE has immunomodulatory effects and could be developed as an immunomodulatory supplement.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Cell Proliferation , Cytokines , Ethanol , Gene Expression , Humans , Ice , In Vitro Techniques , Interleukin-6 , Jurkat Cells , Lymphocytes , Macrophages , Mesembryanthemum , Nitric Oxide
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25088

ABSTRACT

Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells and natural killer T (NKT) cells are known to play important roles in autoimmunity, infectious diseases and cancers. However, little is known about the roles of these invariant T cells in multiple trauma. The purposes of this study were to examine MAIT and NKT cell levels in patients with multiple trauma and to investigate potential relationships between these cell levels and clinical parameters. The study cohort was composed of 14 patients with multiple trauma and 22 non-injured healthy controls (HCs). Circulating MAIT and NKT cell levels in the peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry. The severity of injury was categorised according to the scoring systems, such as Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II, and Injury Severity Score (ISS). Circulating MAIT and NKT cell numbers were significantly lower in multiple trauma patients than in HCs. Linear regression analysis showed that circulating MAIT cell numbers were significantly correlated with age, APACHE II, SAPS II, ISS category, hemoglobin, and platelet count. NKT cell numbers in the peripheral blood were found to be significantly correlated with APACHE II, SAPS II, and ISS category. This study shows numerical deficiencies of circulating MAIT cells and NKT cells in multiple trauma. In addition, these invariant T cell deficiencies were found to be associated with disease severity. These findings provide important information for predicting the prognosis of multiple trauma.


Subject(s)
APACHE , Autoimmunity , Cell Count , Cohort Studies , Communicable Diseases , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Injury Severity Score , Linear Models , Multiple Trauma , Natural Killer T-Cells , Physiology , Platelet Count , Prognosis , T-Lymphocytes
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-31831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Failure of first-line anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents in in rheumatoid arthritis patients leads to decisions among second-line biologic agents. To better inform these decisions, the therapeutic effectiveness of rituximab is compared with other second-line biologic agents in this observational study. METHODS: Between November 2011 and December 2014, study subjects were observed for 12 month periods. Patients with an inadequate response to initial anti-TNF agent received either rituximab or alternative anti-TNF agents (adalimumab/etanercept/infliximab) based on the preference of patients and physicians. The efficacy end point of this study was the change in 28-joint count Disease Activity Score (DAS28) at six and 12 months from baseline. Safety data were also collected. RESULTS: Ninety patients were enrolled in the study. DAS28 at six months did not change significantly whether the patients were treated with rituximab or alternative anti-TNF agents in intention-to-treat analysis (n=34, −1.63±0.30 vs. n=31, −2.05±0.34) and standard population set analysis (n=31, −1.51±0.29 vs. n=24, −2.21±0.34). Similarly, the change in DAS28 at 12 months did not reach statistical significance (−1.82±0.35 in the rituximab vs. −2.34±0.44 in the alternative anti-TNF agents, p=0.2390). Furthermore, the incidences of adverse events were similar between two groups (23.5% for rituximab group vs. 25.8% for alternative anti-TNF agents group, p=0.7851). CONCLUSION: Despite the limitations of our study, switching to rituximab or alternative anti-TNF agents after failure of the initial TNF antagonist showed no significant therapeutic difference in DAS28 reduction.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Biological Factors , Biological Products , Humans , Incidence , Necrosis , Observational Study , Rituximab
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195406

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) predominantly affects women in their reproductive years and has a significant impact on childbearing. We investigated the influence of personal decision on family size among Korean women with SLE and factors that affect the decisions. A case-control study comparing childbearing history and decisions of 112 SLE patients and 135 controls was performed. Women with SLE participating in the Network for Lupus Clinical Research in South Korea and matching controls between ages of 18-45, who are/were married or living with a partner were included. Data regarding socio-demographics, reproductive history, and childbearing decisions were collected through a survey using a standardized questionnaire and medical record review. More women with SLE reported at least one pregnancy (85.7% vs. 71.9%, P = 0.009) or at least one live birth (85.7% vs. 71.9%, P = 0.003) compared with controls. Mean number of pregnancies was significantly higher (2.4 ± 1.6 vs. 1.4 ± 1.3, P < 0.001), and mean number of live births was significantly lower in women with SLE (1.2 ± 0.8 vs. 1.6 ± 0.8, P < 0.001). Significantly more women with SLE made the decision not to have children compared with controls (54.5% vs. 40.7%, P = 0.031), and health-related concerns were the major cause of the decision. Other socio-demographic factors did not influence the decision to limit childbearing in SLE women. The disease-related concerns had significant impact on family size and childbearing decisions among Korean women with SLE.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Case-Control Studies , Demography , Family Characteristics , Female , Humans , Live Birth , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/pathology , Odds Ratio , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Reproductive Behavior/psychology , Republic of Korea , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tertiary Care Centers , Young Adult
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173096

ABSTRACT

A 31-year-old man who had been prescribed etanercept over a 3-year period for treatment of ankylosing spondylitis presented with newly developed dry cough, chills, myalgia, and weight loss. Chest computed tomography showed multiple reticulonodular pulmonary infiltrates and bilateral mediastinal, hilar, and peribronchial lymphadenopathy. Biopsy of a paratracheal lymph node revealed chronic granulomatous inflammation without necrosis, and the serum angiotensin-converting enzyme level was elevated. Sarcoidosis was diagnosed. His laboratory and radiological findings, and clinical symptoms improved only after discontinuation of etanercept without treatment. Although etanercept-induced sarcoidosis is rare, this case report suggests that sarcoidosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients treated with the tumor necrosis factor inhibitor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Chills , Cough , Diagnosis, Differential , Etanercept , Humans , Inflammation , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Myalgia , Necrosis , Sarcoidosis , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Thorax , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Weight Loss
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125598

ABSTRACT

Syndesmotic injury can either be isolated or associated with bony or ligamentous ankle injury. When it is not associated with an ankle fracture, it may not be easy to diagnose, especially when there is no franck diastasis on a plain radiograph. Without proper treatment, syndesmotic injury can lead to chronic pain due to impingement of scar tissues and instability. It may further lead to ankle arthritis. Early diagnosis with appropriate management is a prerequisite to avoid these problems. Herein, we review and discuss the mechanism of injury, classification, diagnosis, and treatment of isolated syndesmotic injury.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Ankle Fractures , Ankle Injuries , Arthritis , Chronic Pain , Cicatrix , Classification , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Ligaments , Sports
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133737

ABSTRACT

We investigated the clinical and biological significance of germinal centers (GC) present in the minor salivary glands of patients with Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Minor salivary gland tissue biopsies from 93 patients with SS were used to identify GC-like structures, which were confirmed by CD21-positive follicular dendritic cell networks. Patients were compared based upon sociodemographics, glandular and extraglandular manifestations, and laboratory findings including autoantibody profiles, complement, and immunoglobulin levels; EULAR SS disease activity index (ESSDAI) and SS disease damage index (SSDDI) were also measured. GC-like structures were observed in 28 of 93 SS patients (30.1%). Mean focus scores and CRP levels were significantly higher in GC-positive patients than in GC-negative patients; GC-positive patients also exhibit a higher prevalence of rheumatoid factor and anti-SS-A/Ro antibodies compared to GC-negative patients. No differences in glandular or extra-glandular manifestations were evident between groups. In conclusion, SS patients with GC-like structures in the minor salivary glands exhibited laboratory profiles significantly different from those of their GC-negative counterparts. Long-term follow-up of these patients will be necessary to determine whether these laboratory abnormalities are predictive of clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Autoantibodies/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Demography , Female , Germinal Center/pathology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Complement 3d/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Salivary Glands, Minor/pathology , Sjogren's Syndrome/immunology
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133736

ABSTRACT

We investigated the clinical and biological significance of germinal centers (GC) present in the minor salivary glands of patients with Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Minor salivary gland tissue biopsies from 93 patients with SS were used to identify GC-like structures, which were confirmed by CD21-positive follicular dendritic cell networks. Patients were compared based upon sociodemographics, glandular and extraglandular manifestations, and laboratory findings including autoantibody profiles, complement, and immunoglobulin levels; EULAR SS disease activity index (ESSDAI) and SS disease damage index (SSDDI) were also measured. GC-like structures were observed in 28 of 93 SS patients (30.1%). Mean focus scores and CRP levels were significantly higher in GC-positive patients than in GC-negative patients; GC-positive patients also exhibit a higher prevalence of rheumatoid factor and anti-SS-A/Ro antibodies compared to GC-negative patients. No differences in glandular or extra-glandular manifestations were evident between groups. In conclusion, SS patients with GC-like structures in the minor salivary glands exhibited laboratory profiles significantly different from those of their GC-negative counterparts. Long-term follow-up of these patients will be necessary to determine whether these laboratory abnormalities are predictive of clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Autoantibodies/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Demography , Female , Germinal Center/pathology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Complement 3d/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Salivary Glands, Minor/pathology , Sjogren's Syndrome/immunology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the laboratory and clinical manifestations of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) association with chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) expression in the ductal and acinar salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC) of the minor salivary glands. METHODS: The sociodemographic data of 106 SS patients was obtained, and the glandular and extraglandular manifestations of the disease documented. The minor salivary glands were biopsied and the laboratory findings analyzed. European League Against Rheumatism SS disease activity index (ESSDAI) and SS disease damage index (SSDDI) scores were obtained during biopsy. An immunohistochemical approach was used to define the expression of CXCL1 in the salivary glands. RESULTS: Of 106 patients, the minor salivary glands of 22 patients (20.7%) stained positively for CXCL1. Such CXCL1-positive patients exhibited higher ESSDAI scores at the time of biopsy than the CXCL1-negative patients (3.86±2.27 vs. 2.64±1.62, p=0.015). Lymphadenopathy was more frequently observed in CXCL1-positive patients, compared with CXCL1-negative patients (31.8% vs. 9.5%, p=0.014). No differences between groups were identified in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, laboratory data, or the extent of the glandular manifestation of SS. CONCLUSION: The expression of CXCL1 within the ductal and acinar SGEC of SS patients is associated with lymphadenopathy and elevated clinical disease activity. CXCL1 may play an important role in the disease activity and prognosis of SS.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Chemokine CXCL1 , Chemokines , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Lymphatic Diseases , Prognosis , Rheumatic Diseases , Salivary Glands , Salivary Glands, Minor
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and hematological effects of tocilizumab in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: Fourteen patients with active RA were enrolled in this study. The patients received tocilizumab 8 mg/kg intravenously every four weeks for 6 months. Disease activity, anemia-related factors including serum hepcidin-25, and hematological parameters were monitored at baseline and at 1, 3, and 6 months after the initiation of treatment. RESULTS: Significant reductions in tender joint count, swollen joint count, visual analogue scale, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive (CRP) protein plus reductions in a 28-joint disease activity score were observed within one month after the first tocilizumab treatment. These effects lasted throughout the six-month study period. In addition, significant improvements in anemia-related factors such as hepcidin-25, ferritin, iron, hemoglobin, red blood cell counts and mean corpuscular volume were observed during the treatment period. Hematological parameters were improved with reductions in counts for leukocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, and platelets. The lymphocyte counts and their subset numbers were unchanged. Changes in hepcidin levels showed significant correlation with changes in CRP, ESR, ferritin, hemoglobin and counts for red blood cells, leukocytes, and neutrophils during the treatment period. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that tocilizumab significantly and meaningfully reduces disease burden in patients with active RA. In addition, tocilizumab diminishes the levels of inflammatory anemia by inhibiting hepcidin production. These clinical data provide evidence of a favorable outcome from tocilizumab in RA.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood Sedimentation , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocyte Indices , Erythrocytes , Ferritins , Hepcidins , Humans , Iron , Joints , Leukocytes , Lymphocyte Count , Monocytes , Neutrophils
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215898

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine and compare the gastrointestinal (GI) risk factors and treatment patterns of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) patients in Korea. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study on RA and OA patients taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for at least 1 month. A total of 1,896 patients (981 RA patients, 915 OA patients) were recruited from 20 university hospitals. Data were collected through medical records and patient surveys. GI risk factors included age, prolonged (over 3 months) or high-dose use of NSAIDs, alcohol drinking, smoking, use of aspirin, anticoagulants or glucocorticoids, comorbidities, and history of Helicobacter pylori infection or other GI complications. Treatment patterns were classified according to groups using, selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors+/-gastro-protective agents, non-selective COX-2 inhibitors+proton pump inhibitor, or non-selective COX-2 inhibitors+/-other gastro-protective agents. RESULTS: GI risk factors were highly present in both RA and OA patients. The proportion of prolonged use of NSAIDs, smoking, and glucocorticoid use were higher in RA patients (p<0.001). The proportion of comorbidities and use of aspirin were higher in OA patients (p<0.001). The remaining GI risk factors were present in similar proportions in both groups. Use of selective COX-2 inhibitors or gastro-protective agents was higher in RA patients. CONCLUSION: Prolonged use of NSAIDs and concomitant glucocorticoid use were higher in RA patients, while comorbidities and concomitant aspirin use were predominant in OA patients. These results will provide insights for use in development of future guidelines for proper selection of NSAIDs and effective prevention of GI complications in arthritis patients.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Anticoagulants , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Aspirin , Comorbidity , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Glucocorticoids , Helicobacter pylori , Hospitals, University , Humans , Korea , Medical Records , Observational Study , Osteoarthritis , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The extracapsular spread (ECS) of metastatic lymph nodes is associated with aggressive tumor behavior, and is regarded as a major risk factor for local recurrence in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. However, the significance of ECS of metastatic lymph nodes has not been well established in well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to examine this question. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 335 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma who underwent total thyroidectomy with lymph node dissection from April 2001 to December 2009. We analyzed various clinical characteristics, pathologic factors, and the size, number, and ECS of foci in metastatic lymph nodes. RESULTS: On pathologic review, 201 of the patients (56.6%) had lymph node metastasis. This was significantly related to age and tumor size. ECS was noted in 64 of these 201 patients (31.8%), and was significantly related to male gender, tumor size, presence of extrathyroidal extension, metastatic lymph node size, and focus size. Recurrence occurred in 13 patients (3.9%), and the presence of ECS was significantly related to recurrence. CONCLUSION: ECS of metastatic lymph nodes is an important prognostic factor for loco-regional recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Head , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Male , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95505

ABSTRACT

Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are evolutionarily conserved T cells that are restricted by the non-classical major histocompatibility complex class-1b molecule MR1. MAIT cells recognize riboflavin (vitamin B2) derivatives in a MR1-dependent manner. Following antigen recongnition, MAIT cells rapidly produce Th1/Th17 cytokines, such as interferon-gamma and interleukin-17, in an innate-like manner. MAIT cells maintain an activated phenotype throughout the course of an infection, secrete inflammatory cytokines, and have the potential to directly kill infected cells, thus, playing an important role in controlling the host response. In this review, we discuss current knowledge regarding the role of MAIT cells in infectious diseases, cancers, and autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Communicable Diseases , Cytokines , Immunity, Innate , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-17 , Major Histocompatibility Complex , Phenotype , Riboflavin , T-Lymphocytes
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99846

ABSTRACT

Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells and natural killer T (NKT) cells are known to play crucial roles in a variety of diseases, including autoimmunity, infectious diseases, and cancers. However, little is known about the roles of these invariant T cells in acute cholecystitis. The purposes of this study were to examine the levels of MAIT cells and NKT cells in patients with acute cholecystitis and to investigate potential relationships between clinical parameters and these cell levels. Thirty patients with pathologically proven acute cholecystitis and 47 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Disease grades were classified according to the revised Tokyo guidelines (TG13) for the severity assessment for acute cholecystitis. Levels of MAIT and NKT cells in peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry. Circulating MAIT and NKT cell numbers were significantly lower in acute cholecystitis patients than in healthy controls, and these deficiencies in MAIT cells and NKT cell numbers were associated with aging in acute cholecystitis patients. Notably, a reduction in NKT cell numbers was found to be associated with severe TG13 grade, death, and high blood urea nitrogen levels. The study shows numerical deficiencies of circulating MAIT and NKT cells and age-related decline of these invariant T cells. In addition, NKT cell deficiency was associated with acute cholecystitis severity and outcome. These findings provide an information regarding the monitoring of these changes in circulating MAIT and NKT cell numbers during the course of acute cholecystitis and predicting prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Case-Control Studies , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnosis , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Male , Middle Aged , Natural Killer T-Cells/cytology , Patients , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology
18.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 58-65, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121248

ABSTRACT

Fibromyalgia (FM) affects 1% to 5% of the population, and approximately 90% of the affected individuals are women. FM patients experience impaired quality of life and the disorder places a considerable economic burden on the medical care system. With the recognition of FM as a major health problem, many recent studies have evaluated the pathophysiology of FM. Although the etiology of FM remains unknown, it is thought to involve some combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental exposure that triggers further alterations in gene expression. Because FM shows marked familial aggregation, most previous research has focused on genetic predisposition to FM and has revealed associations between genetic factors and the development of FM, including specific gene polymorphisms involved in the serotonergic, dopaminergic, and catecholaminergic pathways. The aim of this review was to discuss the current evidence regarding genetic factors that may play a role in the development and symptom severity of FM.


Subject(s)
Environmental Exposure , Female , Fibromyalgia , Gene Expression , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Quality of Life
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-87800

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is a noncontact form of electrocautery that utilizes ionized argon as the electrical current. A rigid bronchoscopic use of APC for the management of central airway obstruction could be safe and rapidly effective. This study evaluated the usefulness of rigid bronchoscopy with APC for the management of central airway obstructions due to benign or malignant tumors. METHODS: Twenty patients with obstructing central airway tumors were retrospectively reviewed from February 2008 to February 2013 at Chonnam National University Hospital. All patients received rigid bronchoscopic tumor removal under general anesthesia. APC was applied before and after tumor removal. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 59 years (interquartile range [IQR], 51 to 67 years) and 70% were female. The causes of airway obstruction included malignancy (n=8) and benign tumor (n=12). Airway tumors comprised intraluminal lesions (n=11, 55%) and mixed intraluminal/extraluminal lesions (n=9, 45%). The median tumor size was 15 mm (IQR, 10 to 18 mm). The median degree of airway obstruction was significantly reduced after intervention (90% [IQR, 88% to 96%] vs. 10% [IQR, 0% to 20%], P<0.001). The median American Thoracic Society dyspnea grade (3 [IQR, 1 to 4] vs. 1 [IQR, 0 to 1], P<0.001) and forced expiratory volume in one second (1.03 L [IQR, 0.52 to 1.36 L] vs. 1.98 L [IQR, 1.57 to 2.64 L], P=0.004) were significantly improved after intervention. There were no procedure-related acute complications and deaths. CONCLUSION: Rigid bronchoscopy with APC is an effective and safe procedure to alleviate central airway obstruction caused by tumors.


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction , Anesthesia, General , Argon Plasma Coagulation , Argon , Bronchoscopy , Dyspnea , Electrocoagulation , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14043

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic polymyositis is a rare form of inflammatory muscle disease associated with peripheral blood and/or tissue eosinophilia. Most patients respond to glucocorticoids, however some show poor prognosis, leading to mortality. A 28-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of myalgia and motor weakness of the upper and lower extremities. Laboratory findings showed significantly elevated levels of muscle enzymes and inflammatory lesions in both thigh muscles were demonstrated on magnetic resonance imaging. A diagnosis of eosinophilic polymyositis was based on histological findings, which showed diffuse eosinophilic infiltration into perivascular spaces in the endomysium and perimysium, and necrosis of myofibers. High-dose methylprednisolone treatment improved the clinical symptoms and muscle enzymes. However, on tapering the glucocorticoid dose, clinical and laboratory findings were exacerbated. After the addition of methotrexate and azathioprine, the symptoms and muscle enzymes recovered without relapse. Here, we report on a case of eosinophilic polymyositis, which responded to immunosuppressants.


Subject(s)
Adult , Azathioprine , Diagnosis , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Female , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methotrexate , Methylprednisolone , Mortality , Muscles , Myalgia , Myositis , Necrosis , Polymyositis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Thigh
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