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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3965-3976, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981528

ABSTRACT

This study aims to comprehensively evaluate the clinical value of Shaoma Zhijing Granules(SZG), Changma Xifeng Tablets(CXT), and Jiuwei Xifeng Granules(JXG) in the treatment of children with tic disorder with the method of rapid health technology assessment(RHTA), which is expected to serve as a reference for medical and health decision-making and clinical rational use of drugs in children. To be specific, relevant articles were retrieved from eight databases and three clinical trial registry platforms. After the quality evaluation, rapid assessment was carried out from the dimensions of disease burden and unmet needs, technical characteristics, safety, efficacy and economy, and the results were analyzed and presented descriptively. A total of 22 articles(1 in English, 21 in Chinese) were screened out: 18 randomized controlled trials(RCTs) and 4 clinical controlled trials(CCTs). Among them, 5 were about the SZG(all RCTs) and 9 were on CXT(6 RCTs and 3 CCTs). The rest 8 focused on JXG(7 RCTs and 1 CCT). Moreover, the overall risk of bias for 94.40% RCTs was evaluated as "some concerns" and only one(5.60%) had high risk of bias. In terms of quality, the 4 CCTs scored 5-6 points(<7 points), suggesting low quality. SZG alone or in combination with tiapride has obvious advantages in improving traditional Chinese medicine syndromes and tic symptoms compared with tiapride alone, with the average daily cost of CNY 79.44-119.16. Compared with conventional western medicine or placebo, CXT alone or in combination with conventional western medicine can improve the total effective rate and alleviate tic symptoms, and the average daily cost is CNY 22.50-67.50. JXG alone or in combination with conventional western medicine can effectively relieve tic symptoms compared with conventio-nal western medicine or placebo, with the average daily cost of CNY 82.42-164.85. The adverse events related to the three Chinese patent medicines mainly occurred in the digestive, respiratory, and nervous systems, all of which were mild. In general, SZG, CXT, and JXG are effective for children with tic disorder. They have been approved to be used in this field, of which SZG was approved in 2019, with the most up-to-date research evidence and high-quality RCT in Q1 journals. However, the comparative analysis of the three was affected by many factors, which should be further clarified. Based on the large sample data available in multiple dimensions, a comprehensive comparative evaluation of the three Chinese patent medicines should be carried out, thereby highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of them and serving a reference for rational clinical use and drug supervision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Tiapride Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Tics/drug therapy , Tic Disorders/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2273-2276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928103

ABSTRACT

Adhering to Chinese culture and philosophy, the development of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) should be cooperative and open. TCM should learn from the achievements of ancient and modern scientific and technological civilization in human history and promote cultural exchange. TCM advocates unity, harmony, and interaction, and keeps going in a new information and digital era with Big Science and Extensive Health. The disciplinary development of TCM should embrace inheritance and innovation, and explore the scientific research and transformation of clinical experience. The dual attributes of science and humanity of TCM should be followed. In terms of education, "reading classics, acquiring clinical experience, and consulting experienced tutors" cannot be ignored. Underpinned by Xiang-thinking, TCM development should highlight the originality and learn from the failures of excessive westernization in the past with an inclusive attitude to forge through disciplines to the leading position.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 483-489, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888672

ABSTRACT

Although there is guidance from different regulatory agencies, there are opportunities to bring greater consistency and stronger applicability to address the practical issues of establishing and operating a data monitoring committee (DMC) for clinical studies of Chinese medicine. We names it as a Chinese Medicine Data Monitoring Committee (CMDMC). A panel composed of clinical and statistical experts shared their experience and thoughts on the important aspects of CMDMCs. Subsequently, a community standard on CMDMCs (T/CACM 1323-2019) was issued by the China Association of Chinese Medicine on September 12, 2019. This paper summarizes the key content of this standard to help the sponsors of clinical studies establish and operate CMDMCs, which will further develop the scientific integrity and quality of clinical studies.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1547-1557, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879060

ABSTRACT

To find the status of outcome indicators reported in published randomized controlled trial(RCT) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) for essential hypertension in the past two years, we searched for relevant information from four Chinese databases, three English databases and two clinical trial registries in this study, from January 2018 to September 2019. The outcome indicators of RCT were extracted and categorized from trials and the risk of bias was assessed by ROB tools from the Cochrane Collaboration. A total of 125 RCTs and 15 RCT protocols were finally included after study screening. The results showed that the RCT outcomes mainly included efficacy and safety outcomes. Efficacy indicators mainly included blood pressure measurement, quality of life assessment, blood biochemical indicators, urine analysis, arterial ultrasound, vascular endothelial function indicators, hematocrit, hemorheology indicators and other indicators. The safety indicators mainly included general physical examination items, heart, liver and kidney function tests, blood, urine, and stool routine examinations as well as adverse drug reactions/events. The current RCTs cannot distinguish primary and secondary outcomes, and the RCT protocols didn't report efficacy criteria clearly. They both didn't report health economic indicators and the methodological qualities were relatively low. In view of the current status on outcome indicators reported in TCM RCTs, constructing a core outcome set of TCM for essential hypertension and improving the methodology quality of RCTs will help to accurately reflect the actual efficacy of TCM intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endpoint Determination , Essential Hypertension , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3749-3758, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828389

ABSTRACT

At present, most of Chinese patent medicines have problems, such as weak scientific basis, unclear clinical value evaluation, etc., which lead to the lack of sufficient evidence for the entry into the essential medicine list, medical insurance catalog and other important health resource allocation tools. This has a negative impact on the development of traditional Chinese medicine. It is urgent to establish a comprehensive evaluation methodology system of Chinese patent medicine in China. There are at least three reasons including producing evidence for clinical rational use scientifically, developing an objective and transparent selecting strategy, eventuating and highlighting its clinical value. The process and method of health technology assessment(HTA) can provide reference for the establishment of comprehensive evaluation method of Chinese patent medicine. However, HTA is rarely carried out in the field of traditional Chinese medicine. The latest domestic and international research showed that HTA combined with multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) can increase the transparency of decision-making and improve the quality of decision-making. The combined two formed the EVIDEM framework, which is conducive to drug selection and its clinical use. In this paper, the EVIDEM framework was introduced to establish the methodology framework of the comprehensive clinical evaluation system of Chinese patent medicine. A preliminary research idea has been put forward. In the future, we can establish a set of comprehensive clinical evaluation methods for Chinese patent medicine in cooperation with relevant national drug decision-making departments and management departments. It is believed that such cooperation could promote the full implementation of the re-evaluation for Chinese patent medicine.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Essential , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Technology Assessment, Biomedical
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2300-2303, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827949

ABSTRACT

Shujin Jianyao Pills is a Chinese patent medicine, with anti-inflammation, analgesic and anti-osteoporotic effects. Based on a questionnaire investigation of clinicians and a systematic review of study literatures on Shujin Jianyao Pills, the international clinical practice guidelines development method was adopted to analyze the optimal available evidences and expert experiences in the "evidence-based, consensus-based and experience-based" principles. Expert consensus on Shujin Jianyao Pills in clinical practice(GS/CACM267-2019) was developed by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts nationwide with the aim to guide and standardize the rational use of Shujin Jianyao Pills among clinicians and improve the clinical efficacy and safety. The expert consensus adopted the internationally recognized recommendation criteria for classification of evidence--GRADE. Expert consensus was formed by the nominal group method. Six main considerations were quality of evidence, curative effect, safety, economical efficiency, patient acceptability and other factors. If there were sufficient evidences, a "recommendation" was given, and GRADE grid voting rule was adopted. If there wasn't sufficient evidence, a "consensus opinion" was formed, and the majority counting rule. According to the indication, usage and do-sage, drug use for special population and safety of Shujin Jianyao Pills, one recommendation and nine consensus opinions were put forward. By means of expert meetings and correspondence, a nationwide consultations and peer reviews were conducted. This consensus is applicable to clinicians in hospitals and grass-roots health services, and provides guidance and reference for the rational use of Shujin Jianyao Pills.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Inflammation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 893-905, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 565-573, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777119

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problem of long-term (>9 months) efficacy in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by conventional therapy (CT), a staged and multiply-targeted sequential therapy based on the evolvement of patterns (STEP) was developed. Its main innovations include: (1) the time order of evolution of patterns defined by Chinese medicine (CM) in AD was found, that is, "the orderly pattern evolution starting from Shen (Kidney) deficiency, progressing to phlegm, stasis and fire, and worsening to severe toxin as well as functional collapse"; (2) the cascade hypothesis of Shen deficiency in AD and its sequential therapy based on Shen-reinforcing was proposed, that is, "reinforcing Shen in the early stage and throughout the whole process, resolving phlegm, activating blood and purging fire in the middle stage, detoxifying and replenishing vitality to stop the collapse in the advanced stage", and through meta-analysis, clinical drug use was optimized, thus the leap from "inferential selection" to "evidence-based selection" was realized; (3) the STEP regimen combined with CT maintained cognitive and behavioral stability in AD patients for at least 12 months, with cognitive enhancement and behavioral synergy after 9 months, and cognitive benefit was superior to CT at 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, and 24 months, respectively. The 2-year cognitive improvement rate was increased by 25.64% (P=0.020) and the cognitive deterioration rate was decreased by 48.71% (P=0.000). Among them, the cognitive and functional benefits of Shen-reinforcing therapy for very early AD (350 cases) for 1 year were better than the placebo (P<0.001), and the dementia conversion rate was reduced by 8.85% (P=0.002). The behavioral symptomatic relief of patients with vascular dementia received fire-purging therapy (540 cases) was superior to those received CT (P=0.016). These data suggested that the STEP regimen has synergistic effects on CTs at least in terms of cognitive benefit, and the earlier the use, the greater the benefit will have. Therefore, the STEP regimen should be considered as one of the clinical options, particularly for the dearth of effective pharmaceutical or immunological interventions that are currently available for AD.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2893-2895, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773213

ABSTRACT

The three elements in evidence-based clinical decisions are " best clinical research evidence,physicians' personal experience,and patients' basic values and wishes". This concept coincides with the " bio-psycho-social" model of systematic medicine,and this is the key reason why evidence-based medicine has become the most important diagnostic and therapeutic system under the new medical model. However,there is no methodological support for the implementation of " respecting patients' basic values and wishes".As a result,this concept is difficult to be implemented in clinical practice,and has become the form of " patient or family member' s signature for consent". In narrative medicine,doctors are advocated to record details,psychological processes and even family members' feelings in non-technical language to form parallel medical records,and the key point is to achieve " empathy" between doctors and patients. This idea is consistent with traditional Chinese medicine( TCM),and also provides a practical operation method " to respect patients' basic values and wishes". Medicine is a discipline based on human science,with dual attributes of science and humanity. Humanistic care is the tradition of TCM,and also is one of the basic characteristics and core connotations in TCM. Therefore,in the development of evidence-based TCM,we should combine evidence-based medicine with narrative medicine,and inject humanistic care into evidence-based medicine with the concept and methodology of narrative medicine,so as to achieve the deep integration of science and humanity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Evidence-Based Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2943-2946, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773206

ABSTRACT

Hugan Tablets is a Chinese patent medicine,it has the function of anti-inflammation and reducing transaminase. Based on questionnaire investigation of doctors and a systematic review of research literature on Hugan Tablets,using international clinical practice guidelines' developing methods,with the best available evidence and fully combining expert experience,and following the principle of " evidence-based,consensus-based and experience-based",Expert consensus statement on Hugan Tablets in clinical practice was developed by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts from the nationwide,aimed at guiding and standardizing the rational use of Hugan Tablets by clinicians and to improve clinical efficacy and safety. The expert consensus adopts internationally recognized recommendation criteria for classification of evidence: GRADE. The formation of expert consensus adopts the nominal group technique. Six main considerations are quality of evidence,curative effect,safety,economical efficiency,patient acceptability and other factors. If there is sufficient evidence,a " recommendation" is formed,using GRADE grid voting rule. If there isn' t sufficient evidence,a " consensus opinion" is formed,using majority counting rule. Focus on the indication,usage and dosage,drug use in special population and safety of Hugan Tablets,two recommendations and eight consensus opinions were put forward. Through expert meetings and correspondence,a nationwide consultation and peer review was conducted. This consensus applies to clinicians in hospitals and grass-roots health services,to provide guidance and reference for the rational use of Hugan Tablets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Nonprescription Drugs , Tablets
11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 9-14, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802024

ABSTRACT

The decreased efficacy and severe side effects of antibiotics, as well the increase of multidrug resistant pathogens are seriously threatening human health. It has become an urgent task for the whole world to actively respond to threats and establish effective prevention and control plans. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history with exact curative effect in the treatment of infectious diseases. It not only inhibits pathogens and eliminates endotoxin, but also has therapeutic effect on inflammation, immune abnormality and overall disorder caused by infection. Antibiotics mainly inhibit the pathogen itself, while the combination of TCM and antibiotics is complementary with each other and is considered as a feasible solution to the challenges. Some clinical observations have shown that TCM has potentiality of enhancing antibiotics efficiency and reducing toxicity. Exploring its mechanism is the necessary measure to optimize and popularize treatment regimen. Firstly, multi-level and multi-dimensional systematic pharmacology network analysis methods are used to predict the mechanism of TCM combined with antibiotics in the treatment of infectious diseases, so as to provide the evidence for further empirical research and selection of test indicators. Then by following the principle of corresponding drug use in specific TCM syndromes, the antibiotics and TCM are individually and jointly applied to treat patients with specific syndrome conditions of infectious diseases. Besides routine and comprehensive evaluation of synergistic and attenuated effect of the combined drug use, multi-omics technique is also used to find the subtle effects of these two drugs at a molecular level. The sensitive and stable clinical biomarkers of synergism and attenuation of combined drug use are determined by using biomolecular network analysis technology. Finally, taking these biomarkers as clues, the biotransformation process and regulation mechanism of the biomarkers are traced back in animal models of infectious diseases and cell level, and all of these are clinically verified. As a result, the mechanism of efficacy enhancing and toxicity reducing of combined drug use can be revealed, providing basis for the promotion and application of such combined drug use.

12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 163-170, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687926

ABSTRACT

How to test the treatments of Chinese medicine (CM) and make them more widely accepted by practitioners of Western medicine and the international healthcare community is a major concern for practitioners and researchers of CM. For centuries, various approaches have been used to identify and measure the efficacy and safety of CM. However, the high-quality evidence related to CM that produced in China is still rare. Over the recent years, evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been increasingly applied to CM, strengthening its theoretical basis. This paper reviews the past and present state of CM, analyzes the status quo, challenges and opportunities of basic research, clinical trials, systematic reviews, clinical practice guidelines and clinical pathways and evidence-based education developed or conducted in China, pointing out how EBM can help to make CM more widely used and recognized worldwide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Pathways , Evidence-Based Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3229-3232, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335869

ABSTRACT

As an important representative of modern Chinese medicine, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injzection has become an indispensable part of the Chinese medicine industry. However, its development is now restricted by the bottleneck of insufficient core competitiveness, low-level research and production, even injection quality and the safe use are not guaranteed. Thus, it is urgent to reevaluate post-marketing TCM injection generally and to make secondary development. Under current circumstances, taking major brands which have good clinical and market foundation, as well as research value, as the main subject of cultivation and evaluation is an important approach to innovative development of TCM injection industry. Unlike oral proprietary Chinese medicine, the cultivatation of major brands of TCM injection needs higher technical support, quality standards and more timely feedback. Therefore, a post-market integral evaluation system adaptive to TCM injection is required. This article discussed some key points on the construction of a post-market integral evaluation system of TCM injection in three levels: optimizing evaluation methods, building synergistic innovation platforms which combine the medical research institutions and pharmaceutical enterprises, and finally constructing the integral evaluation system. A "five to one" structure has been proposed to enhance TCM injection effectiveness, safety and adaptability on the whole, which are from the following aspects: mechanism research, clinical evidence validation, literature information mining, sustainable development of resources and industrialization operation.

14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 226-232, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327234

ABSTRACT

The issue of safety evaluation on postmarketing Chinese medicines has become a hot topic in mainland China recently. Researchers and decision-makers can obtain a variety of evidence resources about safety in order to evaluate the safety profile for postmarketing Chinese medicines. A registry study on ten Chinese medicine injections for postmarketing surveillance has come to the end. From such a study observing more than 300,000 patients for more than 4 years, a theoretical research question emerges, that is, how to identify and evaluate safety evidence systematically. We put forward a brand new research paradigm on the theory level, which is to establish a body of evidence on safety evaluation for postmarketing Chinese medicine. Therefore, multiple information sources were explored and extracted from preclinical experiments for toxicity, postmarketing clinical trials for effificacy and safety evaluation, registry study for surveillance, retrospective data analysis from hospital information system and spontaneous response system, and case reports and systematic review from literature. Greater efforts for this idea and cooperation with experts in this fifield both in China and abroad are urgently needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Trials as Topic , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Hospital Information Systems , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Product Surveillance, Postmarketing , Registries , Research , Research Report
15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 605-610, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327182

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of GAPT, an extract mixture from Radix Ginseng, Rhizoma Acor tatarinowii, Radix Polygalae and Radix Curcuma (containing ingredient of turmeric), etc. on expression of tau protein and its phosphorylation related enzyme in hippocampal neurons of APPV717I transgenic mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty three-month-old APPV717I transgenic mice were randomly divided into model group, donepezil group [0.92 mg/(kg•d)], the low, medium and high dosage of GAPT groups [0.075, 0.15, 0.30 g/(kg•d), 12 in each group], and 12 three-month-old C57BL/6J mice were set as a normal control group, treatments were administered orally once a day respectively, and both the normal group and model group were given 0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solution. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot analysis were used to detect the expression of total tau protein (Tau-5), cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in hippocampal neurons of experimental mice after 8-month drug administration (11 months old).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the model group, the expression of Tau-5 and CDK5 were increased, whereas the expression of PP2A was decreased in hippocampal neurons, which were signifificantly different compared with that in the normal group (all P<0.01). IHC test indicated the number and area of either Tau-5 or CDK5 positive cells were decreased with a dose-depended way in GAPT groups, and an increase of PP2A. Compared with the model group, the changes were signifificant in GAPT groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Similar results were shown by Western blot.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GAPT could attenuate abnormal hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in hippocampal neurons of APPV717I transgenic mice via inhibiting the expression of CDK5 and activating the expression of PP2A.</p>

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 848-851, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275451

ABSTRACT

Clinical value evaluation is the key issue to solve the problems such as high repetition rate, fuzzy clinical positioning, broad indications and unclear clinical values in Chinese herbal formula(Chinese patent medicine). By analyzing the challenges and opportunities of Chinese herbal formula in clinical value evaluation, this paper introduced a strategy of multi-omic network analysis. Through comparative analysis of three stroke treatment formulas, we suggested their different characteristic advantages for variant symptoms or phenotypes of stroke, which may provide reference for rational clinical choice. Such multi-omic network analysis strategy may open a unique angle of view for clinical evaluation and comparison of Chinese herbal formula.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2175-2180, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275152

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to identify and assess the methodological quality of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) clinical practice guidelines (CPG) in China by using AGREE Ⅱ tool. CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang, and VIP Chinese databases from database establishment to March 2017 were searched by manual retrieval to collect all the clinical practice guidelines prepared by various associations or organizations, then AGREE Ⅱtool was used to assess them. Data in each CPG were analyzed in terms of six domains, including scope and purpose, participants, rigor, clarity and readability, applicability and editorial independence. A total of 4 CPGs were included. The results showed that the scope and purpose scored 45.8%; the clarity of expression scored 44.75%; the participants scored 31.9%; the rigor scored 18.98%; the applicability scored 7%; and finally the editorial independence scored 1%. It is concluded that the quality of applicability and the editorial independence should attained paid more attention in future development or updating of the guidelines. In addition to strengthening the compliance with international general principles, we should also pay attention to the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine treatment, especially the related evidences as complementary and alternative treatment for western intervention measures.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1467-1473, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350162

ABSTRACT

A randomized, double-blind, active parallel controlled trial will be conducted to include patients with acute upper respiratory infection and wind-warmth lung heat disease (heat in lung-wei pattern). Patients with serious bacterial infection (white blood cell count>1.2×1010, neutrophil>80%) will be excluded.so as to further identify Jinye Baidu Granule indications of Wind-warmth lung heat disease (heat in lung-wei pattern).According to the subjects of symptoms of fever and sore throats,Patients will be divided into three blocks: fever, swelling and sore throat, combined fever and swelling and sore throat. Subjects in three blocks will be divided into treatment group and control group with stratified blocked randomization. The treatment group will be treated with Jinye Baidu Granule, and the control group will be treated with Fufang Shuanghua granule. Primary outcome measure of patients with fever will be body temperature recovery time. Primary outcome measure of patients with swelling and sore throat will be throat symptom score. Primary outcome measures of patients combined with fever and swelling and sore throat will be body temperature recovery time and throat symptom score. Before and after all of the patients in the group were collected blood and urine routine, liver and renal function, electrocardiogram (ECG) data as the safety index while observing it adverse events. A total of 623 patients were included. Compared with control group,sore throat symptoms of patients with sore throat and pharyngeal symptoms total score have significantly different. so Jinny Baidu granule have a significant advantage in the treatment of sore throat. All of the experiments showed that the safety of the drug was good. Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, digestive tract symptoms may occur only occasionally. We should pay attention to the changes when using in patients with spleen deficiency cold to avoid adverse reaction.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1514-1517, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350155

ABSTRACT

At present, the study of clinical practice guide focuses on the quality of the guide, but not enough attention to the reporting standards of the practice guide, so how to standardize the report is an urgent problem in the field of evidence-based medicine. This paper uses the latest practice guidance reporting tool RIGHT standard, analyzes the latest two sepsis practice guidelines at home and abroad, and found that there are few problems in the basic information, recommendations and other information in 7 major areas, and many deficiencies in background, evidence, review and quality assurance, funding and declaration and management of interests, in particular, domestic guidance. We hope that the researchers will use the RIGHT standard to develop new guidelines for sepsis or other areas, standardize the report of the guide, especially the writing of traditional Chinese medicine guide, should reflect the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1518-1524, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350154

ABSTRACT

It is a compulsory step from expert consensus to recommendation in developing clinical practice guideline. Therefore, it is necessary to establish standards for structuring expert consensus developing process by integrating traditional Chinese medicine theories into evidence. We summarized our experience to put forward to forming a flowchart and transparency process for making recommendation considering both evidence and traditional theories from traditional Chinese medicine in making clinical guideline. It is hoped that this could be useful for future researchers in this area.

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