Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 32
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702314

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diff erential expression of microRNA in microparticles from coronary blood and peripheral blood in patients with acute myocardial infarction, and to provide clues for further study on the role of myocardial in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction. Methods Coronary and peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing thrombus aspiration. Microparticles from coronary and peripheral blood samples were isolated by centrifugation and gene chips were used to sequence the microRNA from the microparticles in the two groups. The diff erences in microRNA expression were identifi ed between two groups and the function of these microRNA were analyzed. Results There were signifi cant diff erences between the microRNA in the microparticles from the coronary blood and peripheral blood in patients with acute myocardial infarction. By constructing expression profi les, 307 diff erentially expressed microRNA were found, with 221 of them were up regulated and 86 of them were down regulated. Conclusion There is signifi cant diff erence between the expression of microRNA in microparticles from the coronary blood and the peripheral blood of patients with acute myocardial infarction forty nine of them are closely related to cardiovascular disease, which can be used as the target of further research.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-839063

ABSTRACT

Objective: To induce synchronous differentiation of rabbit bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells into endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and smooth muscle progenitor cells (SPCs), and to study their biological properties and the possibility of them as seed cells for tissue-engineered venous valves. Methods: Gradient density centrifugation was used to obtain bone marrow blood mononuclear cells, which were separately cultured with EGM-2 complete medium containing 5% FBS for differentiation of EPCs and with EBM-2 medium without vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) containing 5% FBS and 20 ng/mL platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) for differentiation of SPCs. The differentiation of EPCs and SPCs was identified by various methods. Results: EPCs were cultured for 10 days and the cells fused into monolayer, showing a "stepping stone" appearance and expressing VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), von Willebrand factor (vWF) and CD133, but not α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA); Weibel-Palade bodies were seen within the EPCs cytoplasm under the transmission electron microscope. Biological function tests showed visible EPCs growing on the matrigel in a blood vessel-like form. SPCs were cultured for 14 days and showed the specific features of the vascular smooth muscle growth, namely, the "peak-valley" growth way. SPCs expressed CD34 and α-SMA but not vWF and VEGFR-2. Myofilaments, paralleling with the cell longitudinal axis, were seen under the transmission electron microscope. SPCs could not form vessel-like structures on the matrigel. Conclusion: Mononuclear cells can be obtained through gradient density centrifugation of the bone marrow blood, which can be synchronously induced into EPCs and SPCs, providing economical and easy seed cels for tissue-engineered venous valves.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1606-1611, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350456

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in China. Percutaneous coronary intervention is a recent milestone technology for treatment coronary artery disease. However, clinical decision making for patients with intermediate coronary stenosis is still controversial. We designed this study to assess the optimal intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) criteria for predicting functional significance of intermediate coronary lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We enrolled 141 patients with 165 intermediate coronary lesions located in vessels with a diameter ≥ 2.50 mm. IVUS of intermediate coronary lesions were performed before intervention. Pressure-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR) was measured at maximal hyperemia induced by adenosine infusion. An FFR < 0.80 was considered as abnormal functional significance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For the overall 165 lesions, the mean FFR value was 0.84 ± 0.09. The diameter of the stenosis by visual estimation on angiogram was (59.63 ± 11.29)%. Minimum lumen diameter (MLD), minimum lumen area (MLA) and plaque burden (PB) were (2.00 ± 0.36) mm, (3.88 ± 1.34) mm(2), (67.28 ± 9.89)% respectively by IVUS measurements. An FFR < 0.80 was seen in 43 lesions (30.5%). There was a moderate correlation between IVUS parameters and FFR, including MLD (r = 0.372, P < 0.001), MLA (r = 0.442, P < 0.001) and PB (r = -0.172, P < 0.05). MLA was a predictor for FFR as a continuous variable independent of possible confounding variables (P < 0.05), and MLA and PB, were predictors for FFR < 0.80 as binary variables (P < 0.05). The best cutoff value of MLA to predict FFR < 0.80 was < 3.15 mm(2), with a 73.6% diagnostic accuracy; sensitivity 71.4%, specificity 67.0%, AUC = 0.709, and P < 0.001. The cutoff value of the PB to predict FFR < 0.80 was 65.45%; sensitivity 82.6%, specificity 41.2%, AUC = 0.644, and P < 0.01. If both MLA and PB were taken into account, the negative predictive value and the positive predictive value were 88.7% and 64.8% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Anatomic measurements of intermediate coronary lesions obtained by IVUS showed a moderate correlation to FFR values. IVUS-derived MLA ≥ 3.15 mm(2) may be useful to exclude FFR < 0.80, but poor specificity limits its applicability for physiological assessment of lesions < 3.15 mm(2). MLA was one of many factors affecting coronary flow hemodynamics. Both MLA and PB should be taken into account when determining functional ischemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Humans , Middle Aged , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Methods
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 742-746, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326429

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) parameters and fractional flow reserve (FFR) for identifying ideal angiographic parameters predictive of myocardial ischemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study included 121 lesions with QCA and FFR data from 106 patients [mean age: (63 ± 10) years]. The lesions were grouped into FFR > 0.75 group and FFR ≤ 0.75 group. Assessed parameters by QCA included percentage diameter stenosis, minimum luminal diameter (MLD), percentage area stenosis, minimum luminal area (MLA), reference vessel diameter (RVD) and lesion length (LL). Correlation analysis was used to identify the relationship between QCA parameters and FFR value, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine parameters predictive of FFR ≤ 0.75.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LL was significantly higher [(14.8 ± 7.9) mm vs. (10.7 ± 5.4) mm, P = 0.024] while MLD [(1.47 ± 0.31) mm vs. (1.82 ± 0.51) mm, P = 0.028], RVD [(2.30 ± 0.50) mm vs. (2.81 ± 0.64) mm, P = 0.036], and MLA [(2.30 ± 1.50) mm(2) vs. (3.60 ± 2.30) mm(2), P = 0.038] were significantly lower in FFR ≤ 0.75 group than in FFR > 0.75 group. LL (r = -0.209, P = 0.040) was negatively correlated with FFR, and MLD (r = 0.414, P = 0.040), RVD (r = 0.303, P = 0.000) and MLA (r = 0.315, P = 0.002) were positively correlated with FFR. ROC analysis showed that MLD ≥ 1.6 mm was the best cut-off value to predict FFR > 0.75 with sensitivity 63%, specificity 82%, and positive predictive value 96%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>QCA derived anatomic parameters of intermediate coronary lesions correlate to FFR value in some extent. MLD ≥ 1.6 mm is the best cut-off value to predict FFR > 0.75 in patients with intermediate coronary lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1023-1029, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269305

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Baseline white blood cell (WBC) count was correlated with ischemic events occurrence in patients with ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, circulating WBC count is altered after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between postprocedural WBC count and clinical outcomes in STEMI patients who underwent PCI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 242 consecutive acute STEMI patients who underwent successful primary PCI were enrolled and followed up for two years. WBC counts were measured within 12 hours after PCI. ST-segment resolution (ST-R) and myocardial blush grades (MBG) were evaluated immediately after PCI. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was obtained at baseline and 12 - 18 months after PCI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Postprocedural WBC count was an independent inverse predictor of ST-R (OR 0.80, P < 0.0001) and MBG 3 (OR 0.82, P < 0.0001). It was negatively correlated with LVEF (baseline r = -0.22, P = 0.001; 12 - 18 months r = -0.29, P < 0.0001). The best cutoff value of WBC for predicting death was determined to be 13.0 × 10(9)/L. The patients with a postprocedural WBC count above 13.0 × 10(9)/L showed a significantly lower cumulative survival rate (30 days, 82.4% vs. 99.0%, P < 0.0001 and 2 years 75.0% vs. 96.4%, P < 0.0001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that a postprocedural WBC count was a strong independent predictor of 30-day mortality (HR 8.48, P = 0.019) and 2-year mortality (HR 4.93, P = 0.009).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Increased postprocedural WBC count is correlated with myocardial malperfusion and left ventricular dysfunction, and is an independent predictor of poor clinical outcomes in STEMI patients who underwent PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Electrocardiography , Female , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Blood , Therapeutics , Predictive Value of Tests , Proportional Hazards Models , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 832-835, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288095

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the viral genetic characteristics of hantaviruses carried by Microtus maximowixzii in Yakeshi of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and its relationship with Hantaan virus (HTNV) and Seoul virus (SEOV) viruses as well as to identify the natural host of Khabarovsk virus (KHAV).Methods HV specific RNAs were detected by RT-PCR.Complete S and M segment were amplified from the RNA-positive samples.Phylogenetic analysis were performed to estimate the genetic characterization and the relationship with other hantaviruses.Results Fifty two Microtus maximowixzii voles were captured in Yakeshi areas.Of those voles,hanta-viral RNA was tested positive in 5 samples (9.62%).Complete S and M segments sequences were obtained from 5 and 2 lung samples,respectively.The complete S segment was consisted of 1848 to 1861 bp,and the M segment consisted of 3662 bp.These viruses were closely related to each other with 92.5%-96.4% for the S segment sequences and 88.9%-95.4% for the M segment sequences.They shared a higher identity with KHAV found previously in Yakeshi and KHAV of Russia.However,they were obviously different from the other hantavirus species.The 5 strains had the consistent secondary structure of nucleocapsid protein (NP) and glycoprotein (GP).When further comparing their secondary structures with those of HTNV and SEOV,our results indicated that there were no obvious differences in NP between KHAV and both HNTV,SEOV but with obvious difference in GP.Based on the S and M segment sequences,phylogenetic analyses revealed that these 5 strains clustered together with KHAV and formed a distinct lineage.Furthermore,all known KHAV strains could be divided into two small branches with a nucleotide divergence more than 5.3%.Conclusion Our research data revealed that KHAV was highly endemic among Microtus maximowixzii in Yakeshi area which supported the notion that Microtus maximowixzii had been the natural host of KHAV in the area.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 598-601, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273132

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the situation of the natural infection of hantaviruses (HV) in small mammals and to provide evidence for the control and prevention of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Longquan area,Zhejiang province. Methods Small mammals were captured by night trap, and lung tissue samples were collected and stored in liquid nitrogen. HV antigens were detected by indirect immuno-fluorescence assay (IFA). The partial S genome segment sequences were amplified by RT-PCR. DNAStar program was used for editing and comparing the sequences. Phylogeny was analyzed through PAUP*4.0 software. Results 319 small animals were collected in Longquan, and 9 hantavirus antigen-positive samples were identified. The positive rate of hantavirus in Apodemus agrarius was 4.97% . Phylogenetic tree constructed by partial S segment (620-999 nt) showed that the 9 strains carried by A agrarius from Longquan all belonged to HTNV,and had a closer evolutionary relationship with isolate Z251 from Zhejiang province. Conclusion Our results indicated that the main host was A. agrarius and the infection rate of HTNV was high in Longquan area.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 608-612, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273130

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method combined morphology and molecular marker for identifying Haemaphysalis longicomis and Rhipicephalus microplus. Methods Ticks were collected from domestic animals and wild environment in epidemic area of Hubei and Henan provinces where cases of fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome were prevalent. We classified the ticks by morphology characteristics before 12S rDNA of ticks were amplified by PCR and subsequently sequenced. Phylogenetic tree was constructed by PAUP4.0. Results The ticks belonged to Haemaphysalis longicomis and Rhipicephalus microplus through observation and analysed by the morphological characteristics of the ticks. 12S rDNA was cloned and sequenced while data confirmed the morphological identification of the results. Conclusion The method based on morphology that combined with molecular marker seemed a good method for the identificaton of ticks.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 613-616, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273129

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of silent information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRTl) in the regulation of IL-lβ mRNA transcription in lipopolysaccharide(LPS) tolerant THP-1 cells. Methods THP-1 human promonocyte model of endotoxin tolerance that simulates the sepsis leukocyte phenotype was used. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (ChIP) and real-timePCR were applied to quantify the binding of SIRTl and histone H3 lys9/H4 lysl6 acetylation to IL-1β promoter. IL-1β mRNA transcription was studied after knocking down the SIRTl. Results Thebinding of SIRTl to IL-1β promoter increased about 5 times in tolerant THP-1 cells (P<0.05) , which was accompanied by the low level of histone H3 lys9/H4 lysl6 acetylation (P<0.05, compared with normal cells). Knocking-down of SIRTl increased the transcription of IL-1β mRNA up to the level of 68% of normal cells (P<0.05) ,which was accompanied by the increase of histone H3 lys9/H4 lysl6 acetylation (P<0.05). However,there was no significant difference of p65 lys310 acetylation between normal and tolerant cells. Conclusion SIRTl inhibited the IL-1 β mRNA transcription in tolerant THP-1 cells but had not related to p65 lys310 acetylation. However, it was related to IL-1 p promoter acetylation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1030-1034, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341008

ABSTRACT

Objective Genetic analysis was performed to infer the relationship between hantaviruses carried by Rattus norvegicus from Henan and Neimenggu provinces and the other known hantavirus and the vaccine strain. Methods Total RNA was extracted from lung tissues with Trizol reagent. The complete M and S segment sequences of strains NM133 and Q12 were amplified by RT-PCR. The purified DNA fragments were directly subjected to sequencing, and then to sequence analysis and phylogenetic analysis. Results The complete S segment sequences of strains NM133 and Q12 were found to be 1770 nt and 1772 nt in length respectively, with one open reading frame encoding 429 amino acids. The complete M segment sequences of both two strains are 3654 nucleotide in length encoding a protein of 1133 amino acids. The two strains shared a high degree of homology with most of known Seoul virus (SEOV) but quite different from Hantaan virus and other hantaviruses. Furthermore, the nucleoprotein and glycoprotein of the two strains had the congruent structure with the vaccine strain Z37. On the S- and M-phylogenetic trees, both strains (NM133 and Q12) were grouped into the first cluster of SEOV, and were more closely related to the strains, such as: Hb8610, R22, HB55, L99, and K24-e7. Conclusion Both strains (NM133 and Q12) belonged to SEOV, and sharing a high degree of homology and similar secondary structure with strains including the vaccine strains Z37, our data suggested that the present vaccine used in China could effectively prevent HFRS caused by SEOV.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 916-919, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277761

ABSTRACT

Objective Complete S and M segments of two Seoul virus (SEOV) strains were obtained to determine their genetic types and characteristics. Methods The complete S and M segments from the isolate Li and lung tissue (sample LF18) were amplified by RT-PCR. Genetic analyses were performed by using DNAStar and PHYLIP program package. Results Their sequences consisted of 1772 nucleotides, and had an open reading frame (ORF, 43 to 1332 nt)encoding a nucleoprotein of 429 amino acids for both two strains. The complete M segment sequences consisted of 3653 nucleotides and had an ORF encoding a GnGc precursor of 1133 amino acids. The GnGc precursor of the two strains had 62 cysteine and 6 N-glycosylation sites. Both two strains shared a high degree of homology with other known SEOV strains including strains L99, Gou3, and vaccine strain Z37, with 87.6% to 99.2% and 83.6% to 97.3% nucleotide identities, respectively. On the S-and M- trees, the two strains LF18 and Li were grouped into the third cluster of SEOV. Conclusion Both LF18 and Li strains belonged to SEOV and shared the congruent genetic characteristics with the vaccine strains Z37. Thus, the bivalent vaccine including the strain Z37 could effectively prevent HFRS which was caused by SEOV in Hebei province.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 4-8, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292649

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>In China, there has been no established national program for cervical cancer prevention, the screening methods and experiences are especially deficient in the rural areas. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effects of acetic acid/Lugol's iodine (VIA/VILI) used for screening of cervical cancer and pre-cancerous lesions in a rural area of China by analyzing the large-scale population-based screening data from the demonstration site.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Women aged 30-59 years from Xiangyuan County in Shanxi Province were recruited for cervical cancer screening from 2005 to 2007. VIA/VILI was the primary screening method followed by colposcopy if the VIA/VILI was positive. Cervical lesions were diagnosed by directed biopsy under the colposcopy. The VIA/VILI negative women or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 (CIN1) were re-screened using the same procedure in the next year.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In total, 7145 women received the cervical cancer screening, with a participation rate of 74.75%. Their average age was 42.16 years. A total of 1287 women were consecutively screened for three times from 2005 to 2007. The detection rates of CIN2, CIN3 and cervical cancer were 0.70% (9/1287), 1.01% (13/1287) and 0.23% (3/1287) for the first round screening, and were 0.22% (2/976), 0.11% (1/976) and 0% (0/976) for the second round screening, respectively. Only one CIN2 was found in the third round screening. In the years of 2006-2007, 3490 women were screened consecutively twice. The detection rates of CIN2, CIN3 and cervical cancer were 0.26% (9/3490), 0.52% (18/3490) and 0.15% (5/3490) for the first round screening, and 0.40% (14/2943), 0.40% (14/2943) and 0.03% (1/2943) for the second round screening. Likewise, 2 368 women were screened consecutively twice in the years of 2007-2008. The detection rates of CIN2, CIN3 and cervical cancer were 0.55% (13/2368), 0.25% (6/2368) and 0.12% (3/2368) for the first round screening, and 0.42 (10/2040), 0.04% (1/2040) and 0% for the second round screening. The cumulative detection rates for CIN2, CIN3 and cervical cancer were 0.81% (58/7145), 0.74% (53/7145) and 0.17% (12/7145), respectively. And 53.45% (31/58) of CIN2, 68.81% (37/53) of CIN3 and almost all cervical cancers (11/12) were found during the first round screening, except for an early stage cervical cancer (Ia). Only one CIN2 was detected in the third round screening in the same population. The average age of CIN1, CIN2, CIN3 and cervical cancer were 38.65, 40.61, 44.10 and 46.73 years, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>VIA/VILI can be used as an alternative screening method for cervical cancer and high-grade pre-cancerous lesions among the women aged 30-59 years in China's rural areas because of its low cost, easy training for the local health providers, and less depending on facilities. One round screening by VIA/VILI can detect more than a half of CIN2, two-thirds of CIN3 and almost all the cervical cancer in the population, and the detection rates of CIN2/3 can be increased by two consecutive rounds of screening.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Adult , Carcinoma in Situ , Diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Diagnosis , China , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Iodides , Mass Screening , Methods , Middle Aged , Rural Population , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Diagnosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 300-303, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267382

ABSTRACT

Objective To better understand the epidemiology of rabies during the past ten years in Yancheng city,Jiangsu province. Methods Data was collected and analyzed on rabies cases in Yancheng. Density and vaccination rate on Canine,Rate of injured people bit by dogs,and the information of post-exposure prophylaxis were studied. Rabies virus in the dog brains,collected around the epidemic areas of Yancheng,were detected and analyzed. Results A total of 135 human rabies cases occurred from 1999 through 2008,and formed the second epidemic peak since 1958. Of these victims,84% (114) were farmers. In general,the rate of people having dogs were 3%-6% per 100 people,and the injured person-times of 100 dogs were 6.37 per year. Notably,the vaccination rate of dogs was only 20%. Of those people injured by dogs and other animals,77% had received post-exposure treatment,and only 5%-10% had been administered anti-rabies serum. Rabies virus antigen was found in 4 (3.6%) of 111 brain specimens among dogs collected from epidemic areas. Genetic analysis of N and G genes,which were amplified from brain specimens,indicated that these viruses belong to genotype Ⅰ rabies and expressing a close relationship with the Chinese vaccine strain CTN. Conclusion The large number of dogs with low vaccination rate among them,together with the incorrect and low post-exposure treatment in rural areas seemed to be responsible for the outbreak of rabies in Yancheng city.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1047-1050, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321047

ABSTRACT

Objective Comparing the difference of virulence between the strain CGRn5310 (HTNV) and the strain HR54 (SEOV) isolated both from Rnttus norvegicus. Methods Suckling mice were used to compare the difference of virulence between the two strains. Hantavirus antigens were detected in brain and lung tissues collected from the infected mice. Results Compared with the control group, all infected mice grew slowly. Furthermore, the mice inoculated intracerebrally with either CGRn5310 or HR45 appeared ruffled fur, and reduced activity, followed by neurological symptoms, such as paralyses and convulsions. The half lethal dose (LD_(50)) of CGRn5310 strain was 10~-6.42, whereas the LD_(50) of HR54 strain was 10~-4.51. Hantavirus antigens were identified in brain and lung tissues from the mice infected with the strain CGRn5310 and the strain HR54. Conclusion LD_(50) of the strain CGRn5310 was significantly higher than that of the strain HR54. Our results suggested that the virulence of the spillover hantavirus might only slightly be influenced by the non-reservoir rodents.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 171-174, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329505

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to detect Hokkaido virus(HOKV),a recombinant baculovirus containing the nucleoprotein(NP)gene of HOKV was constructed,and then the NP was expressed in insect cell.Methods The NP gene was cloned into plasmid PCR[R]2.1TA vector and then Was ligated into baculovims donor plasmid pFastBacTM1 after cutting by the restriction enzylne Kpn I and Not I.pFastBacTM1 was subsequently transferred into the One ShortTMTOP10 competent cells and then into DH10BacTM E.coli competent cells.which contained the baculovirus shuttle vector(Bacmid)and the helper plasmid to generate a recombinant bacmid.Results The NP gene was successfully expressed jn St9 insect cell.The expressed recombinant nucleoprotein had been identified in the S19 insect cell by indirect immunofluorescence assay,sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(SDS-PAGE)and Westem blot.The results showed that the recombinant nucleoprotein appeared a molecular weight of 50×103M.and could reacmd with anti-recombinant Puumala virus(PUUV)nucleocapsid monoclonal antibodies and polyclonal antibodies against hantavirus.Conclusion Our results indicated that the recombinant nucleoprotein was SUCCESSfully expressed and having the immunogenicity and reactivity of natural nucleoprotein of HOKV.

16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 611-615, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261314

ABSTRACT

Objective Feasibility of using MNA cell-culture inoculation test to detect and isolate the street rabies virus. Methods Using MNA cell-culture inoculation test, fluorescent antibody test (FAT) and sandwich ELISA with double-antibodies to detect 33 specimens of street rabies virus, 20 specimens of negative canine brains and 4 specimens of healthy mice brains. Results 33 specimens of street rabies virus were positive to the cell-culture inoculation test but the others were negative. The concordances of MNA cell-cultured inoculation test with FAT and sandwich ELISA with double-antibodies were both 100%. Conclusion MNA cell-culture inoculation test appeared to be both highly sensitive and specific in detecting the street rabies virus, and could be used in detection and isolation of the virus.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 44-48, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294783

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of the postprocedural neutrophil count in patients with first acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 226 consecutive STEMI patients underwent successful primary PCI were enrolled. Electrocardiograms were recorded before PCI and 2 hours after PCI. Neutrophil counts were measured within 12 hours after PCI. All patients were followed up for 2 years. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate predictive values of postprocedural neutrophil for ST-segment resolution (STR) after PCI and for death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and heart failure at 30 days and 2 years post PCI. Time-to-event analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier survival curves in patients with various ranges of postprocedural neutrophil counts.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Postprocedural neutrophil count ranged from 2.83x10(9)/L to 18.74x10(9)/L, first quartile, median and fourth quartile were 5.66x10(9)/L, 7.38x10(9)/L and 9.34x10(9)/L respectively. Multivariable logistic analysis showed that when postprocedural neutrophil count increased 1x10(9)/L, the risk of non-STR increased 2.28 fold (OR: 2.28, P=0.009), the risk of death (OR: 1.63, P=0.010) and heart failure (OR: 1.16, P=0.035) at 30 days increased 1.63 and 1.16 folds respectively, and the risk of death (OR: 1.29, P=0.003) and heart failure (OR: 1.20, P=0.007) at 2 years increased 1.29 and 1.20 folds respectively, but the risk of non-fatal myocardial infarction was not affected by postprocedural neutrophil count. Furthermore, the patients with postprocedural neutrophil count>or=9.34x10(9)/L had significant lower 30-day (89.1% vs. 99.1% vs. 98.2%, P=0.010) and 2-year (82.4% vs. 96.1% vs. 96.3%, P=0.003) survival rates compared with the patients with postprocedural neutrophil count from 5.66x10(9)/L to 9.33x10(9)/L and the patients with postprocedural neutrophil count<5.66x10(9)/L (all P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Postprocedural neutrophil count is an independent predictor of short- and long-term death and heart failure in first acute STEMI patients treated with successful primary PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Emergency Treatment , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Leukocytosis , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Blood , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Neutrophils , Prognosis
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 365-368, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287764

ABSTRACT

Objective To collect more data on the epidemiology of hantavirus in rodents in Cixi,Zhejiang province.Methods Rodents were captured in Cixi,where hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)appeared endemic.Hantavirus antigens in the rat lungs were detected by immunofluorescence assay.Partial S segment sequences were amplified by reverse transciption-polymerase chain reaction(RTPCR)and then sequenced.The phyologenetic trees were constructed by maximum likelihood method to detect the genetic characteristics of hantavirus.Results A total of 243 rodents were trapped in the epidemic areas,and hantavirus antigens were identified in 7 out of these lung samples(2.88%).Partial S segment sequences(620-999 nt)were recovered from 6 samples and sequenced.Data from phylogenetic analysis of these S segment sequences indicated that all viruses belonged to Seoul virus(SEOV),despite the origins of sources were either from Rattus norvegicus or from R.fzabipectus.These viruses could further be divided into two distinct lineages but the viruses carried by R.norvegicus were different from those carried by R.flabipectus.Conclusion Two distinct lineages of SEOV had been cocirculating in rodents in Cixi.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 891-894, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298358

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the epidemiological features of hantavirus in rodents in Wenzhou,Zhejiang province.Methods Rodents were captured in Wenzhou,where hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) had been endemic. Hantavirus antigens in the rat lungs were detected by immunofluorescence assay (IFA).Partial S segment (nt 620-999) and partial M segment (nt 2001-2301)sequences were amplified by RT-PCR,and then sequenced.Neighbor-joining method was used to construct for phylogenetic analysis.Results A total of 96 rodents were trapped in the epidemic areas,and 6 hantavirus antigens were identified from these lung samples (6.3%).Partial S and partial M segment sequences were successfully recovered from 5 samples and determined. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequences indicated that all viruses belonged to Seoul virus (SEOV),regardless of the sources (Rattus norvegicus,Rattus tanezumi and Rattus rattoide) that they were derived. However,the clustering pattern in the partial S-tree was different from that in the partial M-tree,suggesting that the re-assortment between SEOVs had occurred.Conclusion All Rattus rats carried SEOV in Wenzhou and the genetic reassortment with SEOV had occurred naturally.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1101-1104, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322883

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In order to better understand the epidemiological features of Hantviruses in Inner Mongolia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Epidemiological surveillance data during the period of the past 52 years were analyzed. An epidemiological survey was carried out in the main epidemic areas in 2005.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 8310 hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) cases were reported in Inner Mongolia from 1955 to 2006, and distributed in 61 counties. HFRS cases were mainly distributed in the east part of Inner Mongolia before 1990. However, HFRS cases had occurred in the middle and western parts since 1990. Hulunbeier prefecture, from the eastern part of Inner Mongolia, had been the most severe area being hit by HERS since the first outbreak in 1955, with 7369 cases reported over the past 52 years, and accounted for 88.68% of the total cases in the whole autonomous region. Although no HFRS cases had been reported before 1999 in Bayannaoer which located in the western part of Inner Mongolia, a total of 95 cases were reported in 2005. Hantavirus antigens had been detected in 11 species of rodents so far,including Apodemus agrarius, Rattus norvegicus, Mus Musculus, Cricetulus barabensis, meriones meridianus, Microtus maximowiczii , Clethrionomys rutilus, Apodemus peninsulae, Phodopus roborvskii, Dipus sagitta and Allactaga sibirica.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Results suggested that the epidemics might remain at a relatively high level in the years to come in Inner Mongolia. Furthermore, there might be other types of Hantaviruses in addition to the already identified Seoul viral type in this area.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Hantavirus , Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome , Epidemiology , Humans , Molecular Epidemiology , Rodent Diseases , Epidemiology , Virology , Rodentia , Virology , Zoonoses , Epidemiology , Virology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL