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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on overactive cardiac sympathetic nerves in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Method:Randomly divide the forty male 6-week-old salt-sensitive hypertensive rats into five groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group,and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 2∶1 group, each group has 8 animals, the normal control group was fed with low-salt feed, and the remaining four groups were fed with 8% high-salt feed. After 4 weeks of feeding, gastric feeding was started. Give both the normal control group and model group saline and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the 1∶2 group,and the 2∶1 group, were given Guizhitang aqueous solution at 4.0, 5.5 and 5.5 g·kg-1, respectively. Continuous gavage intervention was held for 4 weeks. IITC multi-channel non-invasive sphygmomanometer was used to detect changes of systolic blood pressure before and after treatment in rats. Left ventricular anterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVAWd) and interventricular septal diastolic thickness (IVSd) were detected by echocardiography. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and Masson staining were used to observe the myocardial morphological changes of rats in each group, Western blot was used to detect the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein. Result:After 4 weeks of intervention with Guizhitang, compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure, LVAWd and IVSd of the model group were significantly increased, and the expressions of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein were significantly increased (P<0.01). HE and Masson staining results showed that the model group had myocardial cell edema, a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration, myocardial fiber hyperplasia and disordered arrangement, and a large amount of collagen deposition could be seen in the intercellular substance. Compared with model group, the systolic blood pressure of rats in each Guizhitang group increased slowly, and the expression of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01),the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group has the best effect. The results of echocardiography shows that the 1∶1 Guishao group could reduce LVAWd and IVSd levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group could reduce IVSd level (P<0.05), there was no statistical difference in LVAWd, there was no statistical difference in LVAWd and IVSd in 2∶1 group. In terms of myocardial morphology, each group of Guizhitang can reduce cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, reduce myocardial fiber hyperplasia and collagen deposition, and improve the disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement. Among them, the 1∶1 group has the best effect. Conclusion:Guizhitang can inhibit the overactive activation of cardiac sympathetic nervous system,reduce the extent of myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy, and protect salt-sensitive hypertension rats, whose mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of heart NGF.Among them, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group is better than the 1∶2 and 2∶1 group in reducing myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Xiao Qinglongtang on chronic heart failure with cold phlegm in lung, and explore its mechanism of action. Method:A total of 87 patients with definite chronic heart failure were divided into observation group and control group by random number table method.The two groups received routine western medicine at the same time. Forty-two cases in observation group were treated with Xiao Qinglongtang based on western medicine, and 45 cases in control group received the same dose of placebo. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks, and then their cardiac function, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score and efficacy were compared before and after treatment. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured in both groups before and after treatment. The changes of standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN), square root of the mean squared differences of successive NN intervals (RMSSD), high frequency (HF) and low frequency (LF) that reflect autonomic nerve function indexes in heart rate variability (HRV) after treatment were compared between two groups. The changes of inflammatory indicators such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and highly sensitive C reaction protein (hs-CRP) were detected. Result:After treatment, the total effective rate for cardiac function in observation group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The TCM symptom scores were improved after treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and the total effective rate in observation group was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, LVEF levels significantly increased (P<0.01) and NT-proBNP levels significantly decreased (P<0.01) in both groups, and the effect in observation group was more obvious (P<0.01). After treatment, SDNN, RMSD, HF and LF indicators in HRV were all higher than those before treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and the improvement in observation group was more significant than that in control group (P<0.01). The levels of IL-6 and hs-CRP decreased after treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and the level of observation group was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Xiao Qinglongtang has certain clinical efficacy in treating chronic heart failure with cold phlegm in lung as it can improve the clinical symptoms of patients, regulate autonomic nervous balance, and inhibit inflammatory factors, providing new clinical ideas to treat chronic heart failure in TCM.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862692

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To observe the effect of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on the expressions of transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>)/Smads signaling pathway and interleukin-10(IL-10), IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>)related inflammatory cytokines in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats, in order to explore the mechanism of Guizhitang in improving myocardial fibrosis in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. <b>Method::Totally 40 male 6-week-old salt-sensitive rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the normal control group, the model group, the 1∶1(RC/peony)Guishao group, the 1∶2 Guishao group, and the 2∶1 Guishao group, with 8 in each group. The normal control group was fed with normal salt diet, while the other four groups were fed with high-salt diet. After 4 weeks of feeding, the rats were given intragastric administration, the normal control group and the model group were given the same amount of normal saline, and the 1∶1 Guishao group, the 1∶2 Guishao group and the 2∶1 Guishao group were given 4.0, 5.5, 5.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> of Guizhitang by gavage for 4 weeks. Blood pressure was measured once a week, left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVESD), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular short axis shortening fraction (LVFS) were detected by using echocardiogram. The pathological changes of myocardial morphology were observed by htoxylin eosin(HE)and Masson staining. The expressions of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen in myocardial tissue of each group was detected by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression levels of IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in myocardial tissue of each group were detected by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR). The protein expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin(<italic>α</italic>-SMA), Smad2, Smad3 and Smad7 in myocardial tissue of each group were detected by Western blot. <b>Result::Compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure was increased in the model group at 8-15 weeks, LVESD, LVEDD were increased in the model group, while LVFS, LVEF were decreased in the model group. The collagen volume fraction was increased, immunohistochemistry showed the expression levels of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen were increased, mRNA expression levels of IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were increased, the protein expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, Smad3 and <italic>α</italic>-SMA were increased, whereas the protein expression of Smad7 was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the blood pressure rise of each group of Guizhitang was delayed in 12-15 weeks, LVESD and LVEDD were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), LVFS, LVEF were increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the collagen volume fraction was decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the expressions of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). At the same time, the mRNA expression of IL-10 was increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the mRNA expressions of IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein expressions of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, Smad3 and <italic>α</italic>-SMA were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein expression of Smad7 was increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the 2∶1 Guishao group, the effect of the 1∶1 Guishao group in improving the above indicators was more obvious (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). <b>Conclusion::Guizhitang with different proportions of Ramulus Cinnamomi and Poeny can alleviate the degree of myocardial fibrosis in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>/Smads signaling pathway and the reduction of inflammatory response. Besides, the 1∶1 Guishao group showed the optimal effect in reducing inflammation and improving myocardial fibrosis.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1069-1074, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780183

ABSTRACT

Urate transporter 1 (URAT1) is a validated target for the treatment of hyperuricemia. Based on the structure of URC-102, which is currently under a phase Ⅱ clinical trial, fourteen novel analogs were designed and synthesized. Among them, four compounds (9b, 9c, 10e and 10g) exhibited substantial inhibitory effect against URAT1. The most active compound 9b showed an IC50 value of 0.061 μmol·L-1, which is significantly more potent than Lesinurad and Benzbromarone. Preliminary SAR was drawn, providing clues for further structural optimization.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1022-1028, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299173

ABSTRACT

Curcumin has been reported to possess antitumor activity with low toxicity. However, the clinical application of curcumin has been significantly limited by its instability and poor metabolic property. In order to overcome these limitations and discover novel small molecules with potential antitumor activity, 29 curcumin mimics were synthesized, which were confirmed by 1H NMR and HR-MS, and their cytotoxic property was evaluated against five human cancer cell lines in vitro. Compounds 16, 18 and 19 exhibited good cytotoxic property, their IC50 value were even below 5 micromol x L(-1) to some cancer cell lines, 5-9 times better than curcumin.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321906

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical effects and related factors of combined anterior and posterior surgeries in treatment of double column acetabular fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From August 2007 to July 2009, 19 patients with double column acetabular fracture were treated. There were 13 males and 6 females, with a mean age of 39.6 years (ranged, 27 to 52 years). Among the patients, upper double column fracture was in 11 cases, lower double column fracture was in 8 cases and double column fracture involved sacroiliac joint in 1 case. The mean time from injury to operation was 5.8 days (ranged, 4 to 10 days). All patients were received combined anterior and posterior surgeries, reconstructed plate and fixed by screw.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One patient was death, other patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months (with a mean time of 13.6 months). According to Harris standard, 9 cases got excellent results, 7 good cases and 2 fair.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined anterior and posterior surgeries for double column acetabular fracture can get satisfactory effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Adult , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264327

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Determination of estrone (E1) levels has a significant meaning in evaluating physiological effect and diagnosing some diseases. In order to detect free E1 in biological fluids, a monoclonal antibody specific for E1 was prepared after the complete antigen of E1 was synthesized. The purified monoclonal antibody was fully characterized for later immunoassay.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>3-O-carboxymethyl ether derivative of E1 was synthesized and in turn coupled to bovine serum albumin (BSA) to form complete antigen E1-BSA. A monoclonal antibody (McAb) specific for E1 was produced both in vitro and in vivo by a hybridoma anti-E1. Anti-E1 was prepared by fusion of SP2/0 murine myeloma cells with spleen cells isolated from immunized BALB/c mouse. The McAb was characterized by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), SDS-PAGE and Western-blotting. The specificity of the immunoassay was investigated by determining the cross-reactions of E1 analogs when free E1 was detected by competitive indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CI-ELISA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Analysis revealed that anti-E1 McAb (E1-McAb) was of the IgG1 type, the molecular weight of E1-McAb was 164,000 daltons. The affinity constant of E1-McAb with coated complete antigen was 8.2 x 10(8) L/mol. The linear range for free E1 determined by CI-ELISA was 10 pg/mL-10 ng/mL. The detection limit was 21.4 pg/mL (defined as twice the standard deviation of the blank).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CI-ELISA developed with E1-McAb was both sensitive and specific. The prepared E1-McAb can be used in some immunoassays.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Antibody Affinity , Antibody Specificity , Blotting, Western , Cross Reactions , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Estrone , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Hybridomas , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
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