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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1459-1464, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924747


A method to measure the antibody-dependent cell-mediated phagocytosis (ADCP) potency of anti-CD38 mAb was developed based on design of experiment (DoE) with a Jurkat/NFAT/CD32a-FcεRIγ transgenic cell line as the effector cell, the Daudi cell line as the target cells, and luciferase as the detection system. The DoE method was used for optimization of experimental parameters and methodological validation. The results show that anti-CD38 mAb exhibits a dose-response relationship with the following four-parameter equation: y = (A - D) / [1 + (x / C)B] + D. Several experimental parameters were optimized by statistical experimental design and determined as follows: the working concentration of anti-CD38 mAb was 800-20.81 ng·mL-1, the density of the target cells was 7.5×104 per well, and the density of effector cells was 2.5×104 per well, with an induction time of 6 h. The method showed good specificity. The recovery rate for samples from 5 different groups showed that the relative potencies of anti-CD38 mAb were (59.97 ± 4.74) %, (82.44 ± 5.15) %, (110.69 ± 11.71) %, (129.23 ± 5.22)% and (162.15 ± 3.66) %. The recoveries ranged from 103% to 120% and the RSDs of the above results were all less than 11%. The linear detection range was 50%-150%. Based on DoE design, this method for measuring ADCP potency of anti-CD38 mAb was optimized and validated with good specificity, repeatability and accuracy. This method can be used for evaluation of ADCP biological activity of anti-CD38 mAbs.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2276-2281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887037


The high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence micelle assay (HPLC-FMA) method for the content determination of polysorbate 80 in monoclonal antibody drugs was validated to study its applicability and transferability between various laboratories, and the feasibility to be included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Both J.T. Baker and Nanjing Well-sourced polysorbate 80 was used in the collaborative validation of polysorbate 80 content analysis in seven different laboratories. The results show that when the protein concentration was no more than 20 mg·mL-1 and the concentration of polysorbate 80 ranged from 0.05 to 0.5 mg·mL-1, the method had good specificity. The recovery rates of the spiked samples ranged from 92.20% to 117.70% for J.T.Baker and from 93.90% to 117.20% for Nanjing Well. The intra-laboratory precision (%RSD) was less than 4.30% for J.T. Baker, and less than 2.60% for Nanjing Well, while the overall precision was less than 5.45% for J.T. Baker, and less than 6.70% for Nanjing Well. The linear correlation coefficient was more than 0.98 for J.T. Baker and more than 0.99 for Nanjing Well. The results of the collaborative validation prove that the HPLC-FMA method has good accuracy, precision, linearity, and specificity, and could be used for release control analysis of polysorbate 80 content in monoclonal antibodies across different laboratories.

Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 125-131, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873194


Objective:To study the protective effect of Ficus pandurata extract on acute alcoholic liver injury based on pyroptosis mechanism.Method:The 56 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal control group, model control group, positive control group(60 mg·kg-1), fresh medicine water extract group(48 g·kg-1), dry drug water extract group(48 g·kg-1),dry drug 50% alcohol extract group(48 g·kg-1) and dry drug 95% alcohol extract group (48 g·kg-1), 8 mice in each group.Positive control and different solvent extract groups of Ficus tenuifolia were intragastrically administrated for 18 days,once a day,while normal group and model group were given the same volume of pure water intragastrically. After 15 days of continuous gavage, mice received 50% ethanol(12 mL·kg-1)intragastrically for 3 days to induce acute alcoholic liver injury model except for the normal control group. At 14 h after the last treatment,serum and liver samples were obtained,the serum content of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase(AST) were determined, the histopathologic changes of the hepatic tissues were observed by hematoxylin ecosin(HE) staining.The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver was determined by thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and the content of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was determined by microplate method. Western blot and TUNEL assay kit was used to detect the cell pyroptosis rate.Result:Compared with normal group, ALT, AST, MDA and LDH levels in the model group were significantly increased, liver index was significantly increased,TUNEL staining positive, inflammatory factors and pyroptosis related protein expressions were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with model control group, the ALT,AST ,MDA and LDH of the drug intervention group decreased significantly (P<0.05). The liver index decreased in different degrees, and the expression of inflammatory factors and pyroptosis related protein in the water extract treatment group decreased significantly (P<0.05).Conclusion:The root extract of Ficus pandurata Hance has protective effect on acute alcoholic liver injury, and the mechanism of water extract might relate to inhibiting hepatocyte pyroptosis.