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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2127-2133, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825736

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the effect of dihydromyricetin (DHM) on inducing apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells A2780 through endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) pathway and the mechanisms involved in vitro and in vivo. A2780 cells were treated with different concentrations of DHM, and the protein expression levels of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) which is related to ERS increased, apoptotic proteins C/EBP-homologous protein (CHOP), and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-12 (caspase-12) elevated. After pretreatment with ERS inhibitor, 4-phenyl butyric acid (4-PBA), following the intervention with DHM, the A2780 cell viability decreased and apoptotic rate increased. All animal welfare and experimental procedures were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Chongqing Medical University. Intraperitoneal injection of DHM suspension into nude mice with ovarian cancer could significantly inhibit the growth of transplanted tumor in vivo, increase the protein expression levels of GRP78, CHOP, and caspase-3. Moreover, swollen and broken endoplasmic reticulum could be observed in tumor tissues, suggesting that DHM intervention induces apoptosis mediated by ERS. The results indicated that DHM could induce apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells and inhibit the growth of transplanted tumors in nude mice, which might be related to the activation of ERS pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 23-26, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247608

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the Golgi proteome of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with that of the adjacent non-tumor tissues.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Hepatocellular carcinoma and adjacent non-tumor tissues were obtained from HCC patients. The protein expression maps in Golgi were obtained by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), and the differentially expressed protein spots were analyzed by PD-Quest software. Peptide mass fingerprint (PMF) of differential protein spots was obtained with MALD-TOT-MS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to 2-DE maps, the average numbers of protein spots were (1153+/-49) and (1086+/-37) in hepatocellular carcinoma and the adjacent non-tumor tissues. Compared to the adjacent non-tumor tissues, 27 proteins were upregulated, and 20 proteins were downregulated in HCC Golgi.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The Golgi proteome in HCC tissues is different from that in the adjacent non-tumor tissues, and the differential expression proteins are involved in energy metabolism, tumor metastasis, and cell cycle regulation.</p>


Subject(s)
Annexin A5 , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Pathology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Methods , Golgi Apparatus , Metabolism , Humans , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Proteome , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
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