Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Add filters

Year range
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940498


ObjectiveTo investigate the potential mechanism of Xiao Chaihutang (XCHT) in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) based on network pharmacology and bioinformatics. MethodThe active components of XCHT and corresponding targets were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the differentially expressed genes related to AD were searched from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Thereby, the common targets of XCHT and AD were yielded, followed by Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis of the common targets. The component-target network and protein–protein interaction (PPI) network were constructed. Furthermore, amyloid β-protein (Aβ)1-40 was used to induce AD in PC12 cells and then the AD cells were intervened with XCHT. Afterward, cell viability was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and cell morphology was observed based on 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. Cell membrane potential was determined and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and cellular immunofluorescence detects the expression of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-related X protein (Bax). Moreover, immunofluorescence assay was performed. ResultA total of 190 active components and 41 anti-AD targets of XCHT were screened out. The key components included mairin, quercetin, berberine, protoporphyrin, 24-ethylcholest-4-en-3-one, and β-D-ribofuranoside, and the core targets were sigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1 (SIGMAR1), checkpoint kinase 1 (CHEK1), protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 6 (PTPN6), protein kinase C(PRKCH), inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase subunit beta (IKBKB), cathepsin D (CTSD), cysteine aspartate protease-3 (Caspase-3), Bax, and Bcl-2-like protein 1 (Bcl-2L1). The anti-AD targets of XCHT were involved in 302 GO terms (P < 0.05), particularly the regulation of neuronal cell apoptosis, and 73 KEGG pathways (P<0.05). The major pathways and biological processes included the apoptosis pathway, virus infection pathway, lipid and atherosclerosis pathway, and cancer-related pathways. In the in vitro experiment, the model group demonstrated the decrease in cell survival rate (P<0.05), increase in apoptosis rate (P<0.05), and down-regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential and Bcl-2/Bax ratio compared with the blank control. Compared with the model group, XCFT group showed the increase in cell survival rate (P<0.05), decrease in apoptosis rate (P<0.05), and up-regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential and Bcl-2/Bax ratio. ConclusionBased on network pharmacology, this study reveals the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway characteristics of XCHT in the treatment of AD, laying a foundation for further research on the material basis and mechanism of this prescription.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300364


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical features of Enterococcus faecium meningitis in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of nine children with Enterococcus faecium meningitis were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In all the nine children, Enterococcus faecium was isolated from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or peripherally inserted central catheters; 6 (67%) patients were neonates, 2 (22%) patients were younger than 6 months, and 1 (11%) patient was three years and four months of age. In those patients, 56% had high-risk factors before onset, which included intestinal infection, resettlement of drainage tube after surgery for hydrocephalus, skull fracture, perinatal maternal infection history, and catheter-related infection. The main symptoms were fever and poor response. In those patients, 22% had seizures; no child had meningeal irritation sign or disturbance of consciousness. The white blood cell count and level of C-reactive protein were normal or increased; the nucleated cell count in cerebrospinal fluid was normal or mildly elevated; the protein level was substantially elevated; the glucose level was decreased. The drug sensitivity test showed that bacteria were all sensitive to vancomycin and the vancomycin treatment was effective. Only one child had the complication of hydrocephalus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Enterococcus faecium meningitis occurs mainly in neonates and infants. The patients have atypical clinical features. A high proportion of patients with Enterococcus faecium meningitis have high-risk factors. Enterococcus faecium is sensitive to vancomycin.</p>

C-Reactive Protein , Enterococcus faecium , Female , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Blood , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Meningitis, Bacterial , Blood , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Vancomycin , Pharmacology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345661


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the therapeutic effect of probiotics and oral immunoglobulin on pediatric rotavirus enteritis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A randomized, controlled trial was conducted in 150 children with rotavirus enteritis who were randomly divided into control, probiotic and immunoglobulin groups (n=50 each). In addition to basic treatment, the control group was given placebo, the probiotic group was given live combined bifidobacterium and lactobacillus tablets, and the immunoglobulin group was orally given anti-rotavirus egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY). Clinical symptoms such as stool frequency and stool properties were recorded every day. Fresh stool samples were collected on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11 of treatment. Intestinal flora imbalance was detected and divided into three degrees by microscopic examination of stool. Fecal SIgA level and fecal rotavirus shedding were measured by radioimmunoassay and double-antibody sandwich ELISA respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the probiotic group had reduced intestinal flora imbalance, decreased stool frequency, and reduced incidence of secondary intestinal bacterial infection after 3 days of treatment (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in disease course between the probiotic and control groups. Compared with the control group, the immunoglobulin group had a significantly increased fecal SIgA level after 1 day of treatment (P<0.05), significantly decreased frequency of diarrhea and fecal rotavirus shedding after 3 days of treatment (P<0.05), and a significantly shorter disease course (4.5±1.0 vs 5.8±1.7 days; P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For children with rotavirus enteritis, probiotics can reduce intestinal flora imbalance and prevent secondary intestinal bacterial infection, but probiotics take a long time to relieve clinical symptoms and cannot shorten the course of disease. Oral immunoglobulin takes effect quickly and can rapidly eliminate rotavirus, promote the production of SIgA, and shorten the course of disease.</p>

Child, Preschool , Enteritis , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory , Immunoglobulins , Therapeutic Uses , Infant , Intestines , Microbiology , Male , Probiotics , Therapeutic Uses , Rotavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Microbiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640144


Objective To investigate the new epidemiology and clinical manifestation of measles in children in recent years. Methods One hundred and twenty-eight cases of children′s measles were collected,and their epidemiological and clinical characteristics of age distribution,endemic distribution,vaccination,clinical manifestation,complication and misdiagnosis were discussed. Results Among the patients living in urban,90% cases were single dose vaccination,35% cases were between 3-8 years old,27% cases were less than 8 months old,59% cases were mild measles,27% cases were atypical measles,40% cases were misdiagnosed at first visit,and 67% cases of measles less than 8 months old were babies of vaccine immunized mother.Among the patients living in rural,68% cases had no vaccination,86% cases were at age of typical onset,61% cases were typical measles,7% cases were severe measles,and 28% cases were mild measles.Among all cases of measles,mild measles and atypical measles were as high as 41% and 16%,but typical measles were only 37%.In all patients,56% cases had typical measles rash,82% cases had Koplik′s spots,77% cases had typical onset of eruption,100% cases had higher fever in eruption stage,89% cases had typical downward sequence of eruption,93% cases had skin pigmentation,and 81% cases had desquamation. Conclusions Less than 8 months infants and single dose vaccinated pre-school children are newly susceptible group of measles.Mild measles and atypical measles markedly increased,with atypical clinical symptoms,variable rash and variant onset,but the character of aggravated fever in eruption stage scarcely changes.Infants of vaccine immunized mother and pre-school children are advised to vaccinate ahead of schedule.