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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879037

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemum is widely used as a type of edible flower and also considered as the important materials of many beverages in China. Due to the occurrence of diseases and pests, and the lack of regulations for species, frequency, dose of pesticides in Chrysanthemum, pesticides have become one of the main pollutants in Chrysanthemum. The pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum were detected frequently and worth noting. This paper focused on the types of pesticides, pesticide residue detection techniques, and risk assessment methods for Chrysanthemums on the basis of relevant literatures. The pesticide residues of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids, and the detection techniques include gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC) or both combined with mass spectrometry(MS). With the increasing use of traditional Chinese medicine, Chrysanthemum is widely circulated in the market. Therefore, it is important to understand the current situation of pesticide residues in different varieties of Chrysanthemum, so as to provide theoretical reference for the control of quality and safety of Chrysanthemum and the formulation of the maximum residue limit.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Chrysanthemum/genetics , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Pesticide Residues/analysis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827975

ABSTRACT

Taking Lonicerae Japonicae Flos as an example, the method of "expert consensus of different regions" was used to screen the representative samples and evaluate their commodity grades. The correlation analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) of "commodity grade-appearance characteristic-component content" were carried out to reveal the scientificity of traditional commodity grade of Chinese medicinal material. By referring to the existing literature and the grade investigation from the sample collection regions, 78 "initial grade" samples were screened out from 118 collected samples. Authoritative experts from four regions(n=4) including Linyi(Shangdong province), Bozhou(Anhui province), Anguo(Hebei province) and Beijing were organized to evaluate their commodity grades, separately. Based on the grade consistency rate(R_i≥70%), 69 "local grade" samples were screened out from the "initial grade" samples. Based on the average grade consistency rate ■ "authoritative grade" samples were screened out from the "local grade" samples, including15 first-grade samples, 9 second-grade samples, 11 third-grade samples and 17 fourth-grade samples. For these "authoritative grade" samples, the main appea-rance characteristics were quantified and the contents of 13 components were determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography(UPLC). Furthermore, the total contents of 6 phenolic acids, 4 flavonoids and 3 iridoids were calculated, respectively. The results of correlation analysis showed that 4 appearance characteristics indices were correlated with the commodity grades: color, rate of yellow bars(including blooming flowers), rate of black heads(including black bars), and rate of stems and leaves(including bud debris). Five component content indices were correlated with the commodity grades: chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid C, sweroside, loganin and the total contents of six phenolic acids. Furthermore, chlorogenic acid, loganin and the total contents of six phenolic acids showed significantly negative correlation with the main appearance characteristics, indicating that the appearance characteristics of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos can reflect its internal quality, and these 3 indices can be used as quality markers(Q-markers). The results of hierarchical cluster analysis showed that the samples of four grades were classified into four categories, and the samples with the same grades and the same categories accounted for 80.8% of the total samples, while the samples with the different grades were obviously classified into different categories. The results of PLS-DA analysis showed that the samples of different grades showed obvious intragroup aggregation and intergroup dispersion. The above results indicated that it was feasible to evaluate the traditional commodity grade of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by the method of "expert consensus of different regions". For the evaluation of traditional commodity grade of Chinese medicinal material, the samples should be representative, expert conclusions should have enough consensuses, and grade determination should be authoritative. As the crystallization of clinical experience, traditional commodity grade can scientifically reflect the internal quality of Chinese medicinal material.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flowers , Lonicera , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777501

ABSTRACT

To solve the problems of the poor resolution of chromatographic separation,the weak durability of the relative correction factors,and the low accuracy of content determination results in the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker( QAMS) method with andrographolide as the internal reference substance in the existing research of Andrographis Herba,a new QAMS method using dehydroandrographolide as the internal reference substance was established for the first time in this study. This new method can be used to simultaneously determine four diterpene lactones,including andrographolide( A),neoandrographolide( B),14-deoxyandrographolide( C),and dehydroandrographolide( S) through the optimization of chromatographic conditions and systematic investigation of methodology. At the present HPLC chromatographic conditions,four components could be well separated( R > 1. 5),and the methodology validations could satisfy the requirement of quantitative analysis. The relative correction factors( RCFs) of fA/S,fB/S,fC/S were determined as 0. 65,0. 54,0. 78,respectively. The relative standard deviations( RSDs) of their RCFs ranged between 1. 3%-5. 1%,0. 25%-0. 33%,0. 070%-0. 15%,0. 070%-0. 22%,respectively with three brands of HPLC instruments,five brands of C18 column,different flow rates( 0. 9,1. 0,1. 1 m L·min~(-1)),and different column temperatures( 25,30,35 ℃),indicating good durability of the RCFs. The relative retention value( RRV) method was used to locate the chromatographic peak of the components to be determined.The RRVs of rA/S,rB/S,and rC/Swere 0. 44,0. 86,0. 97,respectively. The RSDs of the RRVs ranged between 0. 030%-1. 6% with different HPLC instruments and columns,showing accurate peak location. The present QAMS method and the external standard method( ESM)were both used to determine the contents of four diterpene lactones from Andrographis Herba( 6 batches of medicinal materials and 18 batches of cut crude drugs). The relative errors of the determined content results between two methods were less than 2. 0%. It demonstrated that there was no significant difference in content results between these two methods,indicating good accuracy of the present QAMS method. Therefore,in this study,an accurate and highly durable QAMS method using dehydroandrographolide as the internal reference substance was established for simultaneous determination of four diterpene lactones. This method could be used to effectively control the quality of Andrographis Herba and provide technical basis for the formulation of traditional Chinese medicine industry standard and improvement of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia standard of Andrographis Herba.


Subject(s)
Andrographis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diterpenes , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 854-860, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780193

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium. tuberculosis. In recent years, with the emergence of drug-resistant forms, the development of new anti-tuberculosis drugs is urgently needed. In this study, we used Mycobacterium marinum (M. marinum), which is highly similar to M. tuberculosis, to establish a M. marinum infected-zebrafish model and quantitative PCR (qPCR) method for bacterial count analysis. The results showed that injecting M. marinum into the yolk sac is an efficient and convenient way to infect zebrafish embryos. By counting the survival rate of infected zebrafish and the number of bacteria in zebrafish by Ziehl-Neelsen staining, we analyzed the efficacy of isoniazid and rifampicin as anti-tuberculosis drugs and the synergistic effect of drugs. The results suggested that three evaluation methods exhibit good consistency. This study demonstrated that zebrafish-M. marinum infection model combined with qPCR analysis is a simple and efficient method for in vivo screening and evaluation of anti-tuberculosis drugs. Animal experiments were carried out in accordance with the provisions for animal ethics in the Regulations on Laboratory Animals of Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773125

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicine standard decoction is prepared on the basis of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and clinical application. With reference to the modern extraction method,the single decoction of traditional Chinese medicine is prepared by the standardized process,and the establishment of its quality standards is conducive to standardizing clinical medication. This research is to set an evaluation standard for the quality of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus standard decoction. Twelve batches of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus standard decoctions were prepared. The contents of psoralen and isopsoralen were determined,the transfer and extract rates were calculated,and the pH value was measured; HPLC fingerprint method was established for analysis. The results of the 12 batches of samples revealed that the transfer rates of psoralen and isopsoralen were 17. 10%-26. 40%,14. 70%-22. 70%,respectively; the extract rate was between 14. 7%-27. 0%,and the pH value was between 5. 4-6. 9. Moreover,7 common chromatographic peaks were determined based on fingerprint by using similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine( 2012 A).The similarities of the 12 batches of samples were analyzed and compared,and the results showed that the similarities were all higher than0. 9. In this study,the preparation method for salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus decoction was standard,with high similarities in fingerprint. This study build a convenient and reliable method of comprehensive quality evaluation,with a high precision,stability and repeatability,which can provide a reference for the quality control of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus dispensing granules.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytochemicals , Psoralea , Chemistry , Quality Control
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258452

ABSTRACT

Through a series of methodology investigations, we established a new method for simultaneous analysis of epimedins A, B, C, icariin and baohuoside I in Epimedii Folium by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Meanwhile, using Icariin as an internal reference substance to establish the relative correct factors and relative retention values of Epimedins A, B, C and Baohuoside I to Icariin, then using the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) model, the five analytes can be quantitatively determined in Epimedii Folium and its processed products as well as Kanggu Zengsheng capsule only by measuring the content of icariin in the corresponding samples. All these analysis are completed in the same chromatorgraphic conditions. This paper played the part of demonstration role in the popularization and application of QAMS method established in a single herb to the proprietary Chinese medicines containing this herb.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307147

ABSTRACT

Using reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, nine ginsenosides were simultaneously separated on an UltimateC₁₈ column with high-resolution and high purity of each chromatographic peak. Adopting the QAMS quality evaluation model for traditional Chinese medicines, ginsenoside Rb₁ was used as the internal reference substance, and the relative correction factors (RCFs) and the relative retention values (RTRs) of ginsenosides Rg₁, Re, Rf, Rb₁, Rc, Rb₂, Rb₃, Rd and 20 (S)-ginsenoside Rg₃ to ginsenoside Rb₁ were calculated individually. Through a series of methodology evaluations, and positioned by the red ginseng reference chromatograph and RTVs, nine ginsenosides in red ginseng were simultaneously assayed only by quantitative determined ginsenoside Rb₁.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275188

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to investigate the correlation between the antioxidant activity of Prunella vulgaris and its total phenolic acids content by measuring the antioxidant activity of different sources and different organs of P. vulgaris and the total contents of protocatechuic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, caffeic acid, salviaflaside and rosmarinic acid in these samples. Using the 50% methanol extract of P. vulgaris samples as the research object, DPPH method and HPLC method were used respectively to determine the antioxidant activities and the total contents of the above-mentioned five analytes in P. vulgaris samples. 0.5 mL of 50% methanol extract of P. vulgaris reacts with 0.1 mmol•L⁻¹ DPPH ethanol solution for 60 min, then the absorbance of the reaction solution was measured at 517 nm, scavenging rate and IC₅₀ values were calculated by the absorbance and the sample concentration for evaluating the antioxidant activity. HPLC analysis was made on a C₁₈ Epic column, with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution as mobile phase (gradient elution), and the detection wavelength was set at 280 nm. The correlation between the antioxidant capacity of different habitats and different organs of P. vulgaris and the total contents of five kinds of phenolic acids was analyzed by partial least squares method. The reaction dose-response range of 50% methanol extract of P. vulgaris with 0.1 mmol•L⁻¹ DPPH ethanol solution was 0.300-1.65 g•L⁻¹. When the quantities of potocatechuic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, caffeic acid, salviaflaside and rosmarinic acid were respectively in 0.007 84-0.980, 0.011 5-1.44, 0.008 64-1.08, 0.080 0-1.00 and 0.079 8-0.998 μg range, their quantities were in good linear relationship with the corresponding peak areas. The average recovery of 5 components were 97.76%, 96.88%, 100.3%, 102.1%, 104.5%, with RSD of 1.8%, 1.6%, 1.7%, 1.6% and 1.7%, respectively. In a certain range of crude drug quantity, the antioxidant activity of each organ of P. vulgaris and total phenolic acids content inside has a good linear correlation. Therefore, in certain quality range of crude drug, DPPH bioassay combined with HPLC content determination can be used for the quality control of P. vulgaris, as is a new method for the quality control of P. vulgaris.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237723

ABSTRACT

This paper established a near-infrared spectroscopy quantitative model for simultaneous quantitative analysis of coptisine hydrochloride, dehydrocorydaline, tetrahydropalmatine, corydaline and glaucine in Corydalis Rhizoma. Firstly, the chemical values of the five components in Corydalis Rhizoma were determined by the reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with UV detection. Then, the quantitative calibration model was established and optimized by fourier transformation near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with partial least square (PLS) regression. The calibration model was evaluated by correlation coefficient (r), the root-mean-square error of calibration (RMSEC) and the root mean square of cross-validation (RMSECV) of the calibration model, as well as the correlation coefficient (r) and the root mean square of prediction (RMSEP) of prediction model. For the quantitative calibration model, the r, RMSEC and RMSECV of coptisine hydrochloride, dehydrocorydaline, tetrahydropalmatine, corydaline and glaucine were 0.941 0, 0.972 7, 0.964 3, 0.978 1, 0.979 9; 0.006 7, 0.003 5, 0.005 9, 0.002 8, 0.005 9; and 0.015, 0.011, 0.020, 0.010 and 0.022, respectively. For the prediction model, the r and RMSEP of the five components were 0.916 6, 0.942 9, 0.943 6, 0.916 7, 0.914 5; and 0.009, 0.006 6, 0.007 5, 0.006 9 and 0.011, respectively. The established near-infrared spectroscopy quantitative model is relatively stable, accurate and reliable for the simultaneous quantitative analysis of the five alkaloids, and is expected to be used for the rapid determination of the five components in crude drug of Corydalis Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Corydalis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared , Methods
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337926

ABSTRACT

Guided by the antioxidant activity, the EtOAc-soluble and n-butanol-soluble fractions of the 50% methanol extract of Lonicera japonica leaves were isolated and purified by various chromatorgraphic methods, and the structures were identified by spectral analysis and comparison to the data reported in literature. As a result, nine compounds were obtained and identified as 5-O-caffeoylquinicacid (1), chlorogenicacid (2), 4-O-caffeoylquinicacid (3), luteolin-7-O-[α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1 --> 6)] -β-D-glucopyranoside (4), luteoloside (5), 3,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (6), 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (7), 4, 5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (8) and luteolin (9). The antioxidant activity of the nine compounds were determined by using DPPH free radical scavenging method, and ascorbic acid was used as a positive control. Their antioxidant activities from high to low were 5 > 9 > 2 > 8 > 7 > 6 > 1 > 3 > 4. Among them, luteoloside (5) had the strongest antioxidant activity with an IC50 of 0.018 18 g x L(-1), and luteolin (IC50 0.023 6 g x L(-1)) and chlorogenicacid (IC50 0.035 17 g x L(-1)) ranks No. 2 and 3. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity of luteoloside and luteolin were stronger than that of ascorbic acid (IC50 0.027 54 g x L(-1)). These results gave a basis for the further study and utilization of L. japonica leaves.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Lonicera , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330268

ABSTRACT

This study is to develop a HPLC method for quality evaluation of Euodiae Fructus and related species by simultaneous determination limonin, indole alkaloids (14-fomyldihydroxyrutaecarpine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine), and quinolone alkaloids [1-methyl-2-undecyl-4 (1H)-quinolone, evocarpine, dihydroevocarpine] in the fruits of five Evodia species. Samples were analyzed on a YMC C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) eluted with mobile phases of acetonitrile (A), tetrahydrofuran (B), and a buffer solution of 5 mmol x L(-1) ammonium acetate (pH 3.8) (C) in a linear gradient mode. The column temperature was 30 degrees C and the flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1). The PDA detector wavelengths were set at 220 and 250 nm. The seven compounds were well separated and showed good linearity (r = 0.999 9) within the concentration ranges tested. The mean recoveries were between 96.7%-102.4% (RSD 1.4%-3.1%). Through the validation, the method was proved to be accurate and repeatable. All the seven constituents were detected in the fruits of five species, but the contents of them varied widely in different samples. The total contents of seven constituents in 16 batches of Euodiae Fructus were 9.46-69.9 mg x g(-1), and the mean content was 28.2 mg x g(-1). The total content of seven constituents in E. compacta and E. fargesii was 25.8, 7.69 mg x g(-1), respectively.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Evodia , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Time Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 605-613, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280320

ABSTRACT

The highly-pathogenic EV71 strain is the primary cause of mortality in hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) associated with neurological symptoms, for which no clinically effective drugs or vaccines exist. This study aimed to construct infectious cDNA clones of the EV71 highly-pathogenic strain and the cell-culture adapted strain using a reverse genetics approach. The genomic RNAs of EV71 parent strains were used as the templates for RT-PCR amplification, and then the PCR products that overlapped the full-length genome were connected into the pBR322 vector to produce infectious clones of pEV71 (HP) and pEV71 (CCA), respectively. The results showed that the HP strain propagated much more quickly than the CCA strain. The rescued viruses derived from the infectious clones not only maintained their consistency with their parent strains in terms of genomic sequences, but also retained their respective biological phenotypes. This research will contribute to our understanding of EV71 pathogenesis and the development of novel vaccines against HFMD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , DNA, Complementary , Enterovirus A, Human , Genetics , Virulence , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Virology , Humans , Phylogeny , Vero Cells , Virus Cultivation
13.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 471-474, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To develop an HPLC method to determine and compare the contents of zingerone, 6-gingerol, 8-gin-gerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol in fresh, dried, roasted, and charry ginger, and to discuss the change regularity of the five components during the processing of ginger. METHODS: The separation was performed on a Kromasil-C18 column(4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm) with gradient elution (0 - 10 min, B: 40%; 10-40 min, B: 40% → 90%; 40-45 min, B: 90% → 100%; 45-50 min, B: 100% → 40%) of mobile phase composed of acetonitrile (B) and 0.1% aqueous acetic acid (A). The column temperature was set at 30°C. The flow rate was 1.0 mL · min-1 and the injection volume was 10 μL. The detection wavelength was set at 275 nm. RESULTS: The calibration curve was linear over the concentration of 0.625 - 20 μg · mL-1 for zingerone (r = 0.9991); 6.25 - 200 μg · mL-1 for 6-gingerol (r =0.9997); 1.25-40 μg · mL-1 for 8-gingerol (r =0.9999); 1.25-40 μg · mL-1 for 6-shogaol (r =0.9991); 1.875-60 μg · mL-1 for 10-gingerol (r = 0.9994). The average recoveries of the five components were 101.5%, 100.9%, 104.7%, 102.1% and 105.5% and the RSDs were 1.26%, 1.60%, 3.35%, 2.98% and 3.05%, respectively. The contents of 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, and 10-gingerol gradually decreased from fresh ginger to roasted ginger, dried ones and charry ginger, while the contents of 6-shogaol increased in the same sequence. Little zingerone emerged in the preparation of roasted ginger, but its content increased in charry ginger. CONCLUSION: The method is reproducible, accurate, and can be used for the quality control of raw and processed ginger. In the processing of ginger, the five components have changes both in quality and quantity. Copyright 2012 by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284428

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>To explore the dynamic change of paeoniflorin content in root of Paeonia lactiflora.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The samples were collected and paeoniflorin content was determined by HPLC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The results showed that the average content of paeoniflorin was the lowest at 3.05% in the roots collected in May, and during the fruit time it was rather high in August at 4.72%, and in September at 4.58%. The average content showed no significant differences during June to October.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Wild plant of P. lactiflora might be collected for medical use during blooming stage until wilting stage.</p>


Subject(s)
Benzoates , Chemistry , Bridged-Ring Compounds , Chemistry , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Glucosides , Chemistry , Monoterpenes , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287879

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop an HPLC method for the determination of hyodeoxycholic acid in Bile Arisaema.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The methanol extracts were separated on a Diamonsil ODS column eluted at 35 degrees C with a mixture of methanol-water-glacial acetic acid (75:25:0.01) at flow-rate 1.0 mL x min(-1). The drift-tube temperature of ELSD was 85 degrees C, and the flow rate of air was 3.0 L x min(-1).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Hyodeoxycholic acid in methanol extract was well separated, the relationship of logarithms of injection amount and peak area was linear (r = 0.9998) over the range of 2.4-24 microg. The average recovery was 97.1% (RSD 2.9%, n=5).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method could be used for quality control of Bile Arisaema.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arisaema , Chemistry , Bile , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Deoxycholic Acid , Drug Combinations , Hot Temperature , Light , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Plant Tubers , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Scattering, Radiation
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324344

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a fingerprint analysis method of Qingfengtong capsule by HPLC.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The samples were extracted with 70% ethanol in an ultrasonic bath. The extracts were analyzed at 35 degrees C on a Diamonsil C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) with 0.1 mol x L(-1) potassium dihydrogen phosphate water-solution as mobile phase A, and methanol as mobile phase B. The analysis followed a linear gradient elution program. Initial condition of the mobile phase was 10% B for 2 minutes; then changed to 90% B in 40 minutes. The flow rate was kept at 1.0 ml x min(-1) and the detector wavelength was 262 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The main peaks in fingerprint chromatogram of Qingfengtong capsules were separated fairly well. The results of method validation meet the requirements for the fingerprints.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The established method can be used for the quality control of Qingfengtong capsules.</p>


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Epimedium , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Sinomenium , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351778

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the cholelitholytic effect and safety of the preparation of Chinese medicine compound.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Experiments were performed to study the efficacy of gallstones dissolution of the preparation of Chinese medicine compound in vitro and in vivo. The toxicity was studied by pathological and blood biochemical changes.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The preparation of Chinese medicine compound dissolved cholesterol and mixing gallstones in 7 days in vitro and in vivo, no influence on the blood biochemistry and the other organs of the rabbits.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The preparation of Chinese medicine compound is effective and safe for treatment of chololithiasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Artemisia , Chemistry , Cholelithiasis , Drug Therapy , Citrus , Chemistry , Conjunctiva , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Toxicity , Female , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Mice , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rabbits , Random Allocation
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356795

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop an HPLC method for determination of fingerprints and evaluate green tangerine peel (GTP) processed with vinegar.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The samples were extracted with 50% ethanol using ultrasonic bath and analyzed on a Chromasil C18 column eluted with methanol and water containing 0.2% acetic acid in a linear gradient program. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1), and detection wavelength was set at 280 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The RSD values of relative retention times and peak areas of main peaks were all less than 5%. The fingerprints of Geqingpi and Sihuaqingpi were different. The fingerprints of the processed and the unprocessed were almost same, and the fingerprint differences among the different batches processed with the same technology from the same unprocessed GTP were not obvious.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The influence of processing with vinegar on 50% ethanol extracts were not evident, and the technological pross was stable. It was found that the fingerprints of Geqingpi and Sihuaqingpi were different, but it should be study further.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Citrus , Chemistry , Drug Stability , Fruit , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239725

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop the identification and assay methods for betulonic acid in fruits of Liquidambar formosana.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>TLC method was used for identification with silica gel G plate and petroleum ether(60-90 degrees C)-acetone (17:3) as a developing solvent. Betulonic acid in ethanol extract was separated on the ODS column with methanol-water-glacial acetic acid (87:13:0.1) as mobile phase. Flow-rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1), and column temperature 35 degrees C. ELSD drift-tube temperature was 82 degrees C, and gas flow 1.25 L x min(-1).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The qualitative method is repeatable. Betulonic acid in ethanol extracts is well separated, relationship of logarithms of injection amount and peak area is linear (r = 0.9997) within the range of 0.65-3.25 microg. The average recovery is 98.0% and RSD of repeatability is 2.5%. 11 crude drugs purchased from different areas in the country were identified and quantified with the methods.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The methods and data could be used for quality control of fruits of L. formosana.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Thin Layer , Methods , Fruit , Chemistry , Liquidambar , Chemistry , Oleanolic Acid , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279105

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a quantitative method for the determination of four flavonoids in buds of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The sample was extracted by ultrasonic with ethyl acetate for 30 minutes and separated on kromasil ODS column with mobile phase of acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran-1% acetic acid solution (2.5:21.5:76) and detection wavelength was 347 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The arcapillin, cirsiliol, cirsimaritin and cirsilineol in bud extract were well separated by this method. Linearities of arcapillin, cirsiliol, cirsimaritin and cirsilineol were good (r = 0.9992, 0.9999, 0.9997, 0.9997) in ranges of 0.035-0.56, 0.043-0.69, 0.040-0.64 and 0.040-0.64 microg, respectively. The average recoveries were 96.8%, 97.3%, 96.8%, 98.5% and RSD the values of repeatability were 2.5%, 3.0%, 1.5%, 3.2%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method validation data indicated that the method is reliable and it can be used for quality control of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae and its preparations.</p>


Subject(s)
Artemisia , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavones , Flowers , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control
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