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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 427-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the sepsis related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and mRNA expression profiles based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets and bioinformatic analysis, and to analyze the sepsis-associated competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network based on microRNA (miRNA) database.Methods:The sepsis-related lncRNA dataset was downloaded from the GEO database, and the differential expression analysis was conducted by Bioconductor on the sepsis dataset to obtain differentially expressed lncRNA (DElncRNA) and differentially expressed mRNA (DEmRNA), and cluster heat map was drawn. miRNA combined with DElncRNA were predicted by miRcode. mRNA targeted by miRNA was simultaneously met by three databases: TargetScan, miRDB, and mirTarBase. The interaction relationship of lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA was obtained. The regulatory network visualization software CytoScape was used to draw ceRNA networks. DEmRNA in the ceRNA networks were imported into the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes Database (STRING) online database to draw the protein-protein interaction (PPI) map. The gene ontology (GO) function annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of DEmRNA were performed.Results:Dataset GSE89376 and GSE145227 were found from GEO database. Difference analysis showed there were 14 DElncRNA and 359 DEmRNA in the elderly group of GSE89376; 8 DElncRNA and 153 DEmRNA in the adult group of GSE89376; 1 232 DElncRNA and 1 224 DEmRNA in the children group of GSE145227. Clustering heatmap showed that there were significant differences in the expression of lncRNA and mRNA between the sepsis group and the control group. The ceRNA networks were constructed with miRNA. Several DElncRNA and multiple DEmRNA participated in the ceRNA network of sepsis. The PPI diagram demonstrated that several genes encoding proteins interacted with each other and form a multi-node interaction network with multiple genes encoding proteins. Functional annotation and enrichment analysis demonstrated that there might be a crosstalk mechanism on functionally related genes such as nuclear receptor activity, ligand-activated transcription factor activity, and steroid hormone receptor activity, and played a role in the occurrence and development of diseases through forkhead box transcription factor O (FoxO) signaling pathway, Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, and phosphateidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway.Conclusion:Through sepsis-related lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network and combining with KEGG pathway analysis, there were several lncRNA and mRNA participating in the ceRNA network related sepsis, which played an important role in several signal pathways.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs).Methods:The hiPS-CMs and primary neonatal rat CMs were treated with different concentrations of LPS for 24 to 48 h. Then the cellular viability was analyzed by the xCELLigence RTCA Cardio system. The measurement of NPPB gene was studied by qRT-PCR and the gene expression analysis was performed by the qPCR array, in order to evaluate the cardiac inflammation effect induced by LPS.Results:The LPS exposure led to dysfunction in the primary neonatal rat CMs, which shown as an increase in beating rate and a decrease in contraction amplitude ( P<0.01), accompanied by an increased NPPB mRNA level ( P<0.01). There was no significant alteration in beating rate and the contraction amplitude in the corresponding concentration of the primary neonatal rat CMs ( P>0.05), as well as the NPPB mRNA level ( P>0.05). However, the expression of NPPB mRNA in hiPS-CMs was significantly different at a higher concentration of LPS (5 μg/mL~40 μg/mL) ( P<0.01), but the beating rate and the contraction amplitude showed no significant change, even the concentration of LPS up to 40 μg/mL ( P>0.05). Finally, the genes of C3, Gpnmb, Atf3, Il6r and Ly96 upregulated to 1.5 folds in the primary neonatal rat CMs. In comparison with primary neonatal rat CMs, the AK4, TOLLIP, SPP1, FABP1, IL6R, LY96 and C3 were over expression to 1.5 folds in the hiPS-CMs. Conclusions:In comparison with primary neonatal rat CMs, hiPS-CMs are markedly less injured by LPS and show a different pattern of inflammation gene expression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of bedside cardiopulmonary ultrasound in the evaluation of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in patients with cardiaogenic pulmonary edema in emergency department.Methods:The clinical data and characteristics of bedside rapid cardiopulmonary ultrasound in patients withcardiaogenic pulmonary edema treated with NPPV in the emergency department were retrospectively analyzed. The following ultrasound parameters, including lung ultrasound score, the ratio of lung consolidation, diameter of inferior vena cava, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the mitral annular systolic displacement (MAPSE) and tricuspid annular systolic displacement (TAPSE), the peak Doppler velocities of the early diastolic mitral (E), the tissue velocity imaging of left ventricular and right ventricular (Sm), the tissue Doppler of the early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (e’), the average E/e’ ratio of left ventricular, systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) and the ratio of atrial fibrillation,, were determined. All of the parameters combined with clinical parameters were compared between the non-invasive ventilation success group and non-invasive ventilation failure group. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors by taking the failure of NPPV treatment as the dependent variable. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of the indicators above.Results:A total of 66 patients, included 44 (66.%) of NPPV success and 22 (33.3%) of NPPV failure revealed by bedside cardiopulmonary ultrasound. In comparison with the NPPV success group, the lung ultrasound score, ratio of lung consolidation, E/e’ of LV , SPAP, the ratio of right ventricular dysfunction, the ratio of atrial fibrillation and the level of Ccr were significantly evaluated, but the Sm of right ventricular and PaO2/FiO2 were significantly lower in the NPPV failure group (all P< 0.05). There were no differences in LVEF, MAPSE, TPASE, diameter of inferior vena cava and the Sm of left ventricular between groups (all P> 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lung ultrasound score, E/e’ and SPAP were independent predictors of NPPV failure in patients with cardiaogenic pulmonary edema. The AUCs of lung ultrasound score, E/e’ of LV and SPAP for predicting NPPV failure was 0.802, 0.783 and 0.852, respectively. . Conclusions:The lung ultrasound score, right ventricular diastolic function and SPAP evaluated by bedside cardiopulmonary ultrasound could provide predictive values for the non-invasive positive ventilation failure in patients with cardiaogenic pulmonary edema.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1411-1415, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800911

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the using of pre-hospital emergency resources and treatment characteristics of acute alcoholism patients in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#The pre-hospital emergency data of the emergency department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 1st in 2009 to December 31st in 2018 were obtained from the database of the Guangzhou Emergency Medical Command Center. The related data of patients with acute alcoholism were collected, including gender, age, poisoning severity, treatment results, caller type, number of empty vehicles (empty vehicle was defined as the empty vehicle return caused by the ambulance who did not receive or refused to come to the hospital after the ambulance leaved), departure time (from the ambulance to the completion time), on-site time (from the ambulance to the patient boarding time) and the distribution of pre-hospital emergency time in 24 hours on weekdays and weekends. The relationship between acute alcoholism patients and the peak of in-hospital emergency treatment was analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 2 408 acute alcoholism patients were recorded, among whom 2 109 patients (87.58%) with acute alcoholism, 126 (5.23%) with drug poisoning, 67 (2.78%) with chemical poisoning, 3 (0.13%) with pesticide poisoning, and 103 (4.28%) with other poisoning. Acute alcoholism patients were mainly male, with a total of 1 862 cases (88.29%), and the ratio between males and females was 7.54∶1. In 2 109 patients with acute alcoholism, 93.41% were in the age range of 18-59 years old. The number of mild patients was 1 717 (81.41%), 1 178 (55.86%) needed further treatment, and no patient died. For the occupation of pre-hospital emergency resources, 43.24% (912/2 109) of acute alcoholism called 120 through 110 with empty vehicles of 36.79% (776/2 109), which were significantly higher than the acute cerebrovascular disease [3.83% (362/9 461), 5.80% (549/9 461), both P < 0.01], acute trauma [24.29% (1 708/7 033), 7.96% (560/7 033), both P < 0.01], acute circulation system disease [2.44% (90/3 694), 2.87% (106/3 694), both P < 0.01], and acute respiratory system disease [0.86% (31/3 606), 1.58% (57/3 606), both P < 0.01]. Furthermore, empty vehicles were more likely to happen through 110 with empty vehicles rate of 51.75% (472/912), which was significantly higher than that through the witness [40.82% (60/147), P < 0.01] and relatives and friends [23.24% (244/1 050), P < 0.01]. The driving time and on-site time of acute alcoholism were significantly shorter than those of acute cerebrovascular disease, acute circulation system disease, and acute respiratory system disease [driving time (minutes): 26 (20, 34) vs. 34 (26, 45), 38 (29, 49), 38 (29, 50); on-site time (minutes): 6 (4, 10) vs. 10 (7, 14), 10 (7, 15), 10 (8, 15), all P < 0.01], but there was no statistical difference as compared with acute trauma [driving time (minutes): 26 (20, 34) vs. 29 (20, 42), on-site time (minutes): 6 (4, 10) vs. 7 (4, 11), both P > 0.05]. The regularity of variation in number of critically acute alcoholism patients was distinctive, which peaked in the period of 21:00-00:00 and bottomed out in the period of 09:00-13:00, which overlapped with the peak flow in the hospital emergency department (17:00-22:00).@*Conclusions@#Acute alcoholism patients occupy excessive pre-hospital emergency resources, and overlap with the hospital emergency treatment peak. It is necessary to strengthen the public propaganda and education on the rational usage of 120 emergency resources and reduce waste.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1411-1415, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824215

ABSTRACT

To analyze the using of pre-hospital emergency resources and treatment characteristics of acute alcoholism patients in Guangzhou. Methods The pre-hospital emergency data of the emergency department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 1st in 2009 to December 31st in 2018 were obtained from the database of the Guangzhou Emergency Medical Command Center. The related data of patients with acute alcoholism were collected, including gender, age, poisoning severity, treatment results, caller type, number of empty vehicles (empty vehicle was defined as the empty vehicle return caused by the ambulance who did not receive or refused to come to the hospital after the ambulance leaved), departure time (from the ambulance to the completion time), on-site time (from the ambulance to the patient boarding time) and the distribution of pre-hospital emergency time in 24 hours on weekdays and weekends. The relationship between acute alcoholism patients and the peak of in-hospital emergency treatment was analyzed. Results A total of 2 408 acute alcoholism patients were recorded, among whom 2 109 patients (87.58%) with acute alcoholism,126 (5.23%) with drug poisoning, 67 (2.78%) with chemical poisoning, 3 (0.13%) with pesticide poisoning, and 103 (4.28%) with other poisoning. Acute alcoholism patients were mainly male, with a total of 1 862 cases (88.29%), and the ratio between males and females was 7.54∶1. In 2 109 patients with acute alcoholism, 93.41% were in the age range of 18-59 years old. The number of mild patients was 1 717 (81.41%), 1 178 (55.86%) needed further treatment, and no patient died. For the occupation of pre-hospital emergency resources, 43.24% (912/2 109) of acute alcoholism called 120 through 110 with empty vehicles of 36.79% (776/2 109), which were significantly higher than the acute cerebrovascular disease [3.83% (362/9 461), 5.80% (549/9 461), both P < 0.01], acute trauma [24.29% (1 708/7 033), 7.96% (560/7 033), both P < 0.01], acute circulation system disease [2.44% (90/3 694), 2.87% (106/3 694), both P < 0.01], and acute respiratory system disease [0.86% (31/3 606), 1.58% (57/3 606), both P < 0.01]. Furthermore, empty vehicles were more likely to happen through 110 with empty vehicles rate of 51.75% (472/912), which was significantly higher than that through the witness [40.82% (60/147), P < 0.01] and relatives and friends [23.24% (244/1 050), P < 0.01]. The driving time and on-site time of acute alcoholism were significantly shorter than those of acute cerebrovascular disease, acute circulation system disease, and acute respiratory system disease [driving time (minutes): 26 (20, 34) vs. 34 (26, 45), 38 (29, 49), 38 (29, 50); on-site time (minutes): 6 (4, 10) vs. 10 (7, 14), 10 (7, 15), 10 (8, 15), all P < 0.01], but there was no statistical difference as compared with acute trauma [driving time (minutes):26 (20, 34) vs. 29 (20, 42), on-site time (minutes): 6 (4, 10) vs. 7 (4, 11), both P > 0.05]. The regularity of variation in number of critically acute alcoholism patients was distinctive, which peaked in the period of 21:00-00:00 and bottomed out in the period of 09:00-13:00, which overlapped with the peak flow in the hospital emergency department (17:00-22:00). Conclusions Acute alcoholism patients occupy excessive pre-hospital emergency resources, and overlap with the hospital emergency treatment peak. It is necessary to strengthen the public propaganda and education on the rational usage of 120 emergency resources and reduce waste.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444189

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the impact of hypoxia/reoxygenation on myocardial cytoskeletal proteins (α-actinin protein,tubulin protein,desmin protein) and to investigate EPO lessening the damage of myocardial cytoskeleton proteins in rats proved by culturing hypoxia/reoxygenation injured myocardial cells in presence of EPO.Methods The rat model of asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest was performed by turning-off the ventilator and clamping the endotracheal tube.After asphyxia for 8 minutes,CPR was carried out.A total of 24 rats were divided into normal group,ischemia/resuscitation (I/R) group and the EPO group (n =8).The model of myocardial dysfunction was determined 2 hours after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).The rats of EPO group were given EPO 5000 U/kg after ROSC.The rat heart specimens were collected.Actinin,Tubulin and Desmin protein were observed by SABC immunohistochemistry.The cultured cardiomyocytes were taken from neonatal rats and were divided into three groups:the normal group,the hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) group (hypoxia 10 h/reoxygenate 4h),the EPO group (hypoxia 10 h/reoxygenate 4 h,plus 10 U/mL EPO).The changes of tubulin and actinin in cultured cardiomyocytes were observe by Immunofluorescence.Results From immunohistochemistry,there were no significant difference in the optical density of actinin,tubulin and desmin among the normal,I/Rand EPO groups.After H/R injury,the structures of the actinin,tubulin protein were destroyed,the network structure of both protein were unclear in cultured myocardial cells.The grades of fluorescence intensity of actinin and tubulin in H/R group were significant lower than those in normal group,but there was no significant difference between H/R group and EPO group.Conclusions The damage of cytoskeleton during ischemia/reperfusion may be time-dependent.EPO has no beneficial effect on the cytoskeleton after I/R injury.

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