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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 28-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965645

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of Astragali Radix (AR)-Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR) drug pair on supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation in rats with Qi deficiency and blood stasis and provide a theoretical basis for clinical rational medication and identification and quality control of compound pharmacodynamic substances from the three aspects of characteristic map, identification of pharmacodynamic substances, and comparison of blood components. MethodHigh-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was employed to establish the fingerprint of AR∶ASR (3∶1), and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS) was employed to analyze the ingredients of the decoction. Adult male Wistar rats with SPF grades were selected and randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a 3∶1 group, and a 5∶1 group. The rat model of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome was prepared by controlling food intake and swimming in cold water every day. In parallel, each group was given medicine (or water) once a day. The dose of drug groups was 10.2 g∙kg-1, and the model group and blank group were given the same amount of distilled water for 15 d. Animal behavior, body weight, whole blood and plasma viscosity, thymus index, spleen index, the levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate(ADP), von willebrand factor (vWF), and ATP/ADP value in serum of rats were recorded. The morphology of vascular endothelium was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and scanning electron microscopy. UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS was used to analyze prototype and metabolic components in serum. ResultThe fingerprint of AR-ASR drug pair (AR-ASR 3∶1) was established. UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS identified 49 chemical components in vitro and preliminarily identified 11 prototype components absorbed into blood in vivo. As compared with the blank group, the body mass decreased significantly (P<0.01), the whole blood (high shear, middle shear, and low shear) viscosity and plasma viscosity were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the thymus index and spleen index decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01), serum ATP content decreased significantly (P<0.01), ADP content increased significantly (P<0.01), ATP/ADP value decreased significantly (P<0.01), and vWF content increased significantly (P<0.01). The results of HE staining and scanning electron microscopy showed that the vessels were partially damaged, showing the structural disorder of the intima, the bulge, defect, and roughness of the endothelium, and the obvious cell adhesion and migration in the model group. As compared with the model group, the body mass also increased significantly (P<0.01). The results of whole blood and plasma viscosity showed that the whole blood low shear viscosity was significantly decreased in the 3∶1 group (P<0.05). The results of thymus index and spleen index showed that 5∶1 group significantly increased the thymus index of rats (P<0.05). The results of serum ATP and ADP levels showed that the 5∶1 group had more significant effects on ATP and ADP levels (P<0.05), and both groups significantly reduced ATP/ADP values (P<0.01). The results of serum vWF level showed that the vWF content in the 3∶1 group decreased significantly (P<0.05). The results of HE staining and scanning electronic microscopy showed that the damage of vascular endothelium was improved in the treatment group and the structure of intima was neat. ConclusionAR-ASR drug pair can improve the macro and micro indexes of rats with qi deficiency and blood stasis in the 3∶1 and 5∶1 groups. Overall, the 5∶1 ratio has a better effect on supplementing Qi but 3∶1 ratio has a better effect on promoting blood circulation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 237-240, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868421

ABSTRACT

Objective:To collect the date of radiation dose in reference air kerma(AK) and dose-area product (DAP) values in order to evaluate the feasibility of fluoroscopy time as a monitoring and warning indicator of radiation exposure in cardiovascular interventions.Methods:The study conducted a retrospective analysis of 736 patients who underwent coronary angiography(CAG)and percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)from November 2016 to January 2018 in Shanghai Changhai Hospital. Based on the imaging equipments(a Siemens Ceiling system and a Siemens Biplane system)and cardiovascular interventions(CAG and PCI), the fluoroscopy time, AK values and DAP values were collected. The correlation of the radiation dose and fluoroscopy time was analyzed using Spearman correlation statistics.Results:The mean values of fluoroscopy time, fluoroscopy AK, total AK, fluoroscopy DAP and total DAP were(8.9±7.8)min, (472±474), (703±595)mGy, (4 578±4 085)and(6 253±4 938)μGy·m 2 for Ceiling system and(8.6±7.3)min, (510±509), (733±614)mGy, (4 255±3 781)and (5 681±4 432)μGy·m 2 for Biplane system, respectively. The mean values of CAG and PCI fluoroscopy time were(2.4±0.9)and(15.7±4.9)min, respectively.The ratio of fluoroscopy radiation dose (AK and DAP) to total dose was 74% and 78% in PCI procedures. There was a strongly correlation between fluoroscopy time and total AK ( r=0.822) or total DAP ( r=0.844) in cardiovascular interventions ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The radiation dose of fluoroscopy acquisition is the main source of overall radiation dose in cardiovascular interventions. Radiation dose is expected to increase as fluoroscopy time increases.The fluoroscopy timer as a protective tool of radiation exposure has a good reference and warning value in the clinical application of cardiovascular interventions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 644-647, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663245

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of Smart Mask technology guiding micro-catheter in place for intracranial aneurysm embolization in endovascular interventional treatment. Methods The DSA data of 61 consecutive patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm in the Department Neurosurgery,Changhai Hospital,the Second Military Medical University from August 5 to December 20,2016 were collected retrospectively. The conditions of the guildewire catheter reaching the aneurysms and the coil embolization in the Smart Mask technology group (n = 31)and conventional road map group (n = 30)were compared. The observation indexes included the differences in contrast agent dosage,exposure time,and operation time. Results The contrast agent dosage of the Smart Mask technology group and road map technology group were 192 ± 37 and 215 ± 40 ml respectively,the X-ray illumination quantity were 5913 ±1682 and 6975 ±2036 mGy respectively,and the operation time were 2. 62 ± 0. 29 h and 2. 94 ± 0. 35 h respectively. The differences were statistically significant (all P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion Using Smart Mask technology to assist endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms can effectively shorten the operation time,reduce the amount of X-ray radiation and contrast agent,and reduce the risk of operation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 623-625,629, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611155

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of the DAP database in reducing radiation hazards during cardiovascular intervention.Methods The study conducted a retrospective analysis of all consecutive cardiovascular cases in the database from April 1st,2016 to June 30th,2016.Based on the imaging systems,an inage intensifier (Ⅱ) and a flat panel detector (FPD),the cases of patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) were collected to observe Body Mass Index (BMI),fluoroscopy time (FT) and dose area product (DAP).Results The FT and DAP values in CAG were (3.26-±2.59) min and (1 938±1 296) μGy·m2 for the Ⅱ system and (3.00 ± 2.89) min and (3 718 ± 2 859) μGy· m2 for the FPD system,respectively,whereas,the FT and DAP values in PCI were (17.81 ± 12.71) min and (8 899 ±7 032) μGy·m2 for the Ⅱ system and (21.99 ± 15.91) min and (19 526 ± 14 134) μGy · m2 for the FPD system,respectively.The differences in DAP values (x ± s) for CAG and PCI between the angiography systems were significant(t =-10.664,11.239,P < 0.05).The DAP and total DAP values during PCI for fluoroscopy from the FPD systen were 3 596 755.60 and 4 881 484.50 μGy · m2,respectively.Conclusions The DAP values in CAG and PCI using FPD system are much higher than the relevant data.The use of an FPD system resulted in higher DAP values compared to the Ⅱ system in cardiovascular interventional procedures.Reduction in fluoroscopy time may decrease radiation hazards during PCI.The DAP database allows for a fast,convenient and enough objective data to discovery timely difference and variation in dose in cardiovascular interventional procedures.

5.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 27-28, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491653

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of madopar for 5-HT in platelet of Parkinson's disease patients.Methods To observe 5-HT in platelet of 35 PD cases in our hospital who take Madopar in one year.At the same time,to observe the mental symptoms change of every case before and after the treatment.Result Madopar can significantly lower the 5-HT of platelet in one year treatment,and HAMD score results show that Madopar significantly higher before treatment.Conclusion Madopar can damage serotonin neurons in the brain,which may enhance the patients with depressive symptoms.

6.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565963

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects between Milrinone and Lrh-BNP for treating the peripartum cardiomyopathy heart failure.Methods After treated by routine measure,39 serious PPCM patients were randomized into two groups,with 20 to Milrinone group for the advanced therapy between 5 to 7 days,and 19 to Lrh-BNP group therapy 24 hours. Results The total efficient rate in Lrh-BNP group(95%) was more higher than that in Milrinone group(73.6%).The index of heart function such as LVEF,FS,E/A,SV,CO,CI,24 hours urine quantity,dyspnea could improve in both groups after the therapy(P

7.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548548

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To report the results of treatment of enchondroma of the hand with curettage and porous bioceramic bone grafting. [Methods]Fifteen patients with digital enchondroma were reviewed.The average follow-up period was 30 months.The final function and radiographic appearance of the surgically treated digits were analyzed.[Results]At final evaluation the bony incorporation was uneventful in all patients.The mean functional Muskuloskeletal Tumor Society Score was 29.Radiographs showed apparent partial absorption of bioceramic bone in only two patients.All digits achieved full range of motion after surgery.No complication was found.[Conclusion]Porous bioceramic bone is safe and effective as a bone-filling substance after curettage of enchondroma of the hand.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 276-277, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980441

ABSTRACT

@#目的探索脑瘫患儿早期发现、早期干预的工作模式。方法临床、保健、康复相结合 ,采用产前检查、孕妇学校、产时儿科医生进产房、新生儿行为神经评定测定、高危儿抚触训练室、婴儿期儿童保健监测、各街道防治站常规体检筛查转诊等多种形式结合早期发现并干预脑瘫高危儿。结果此工作模式较模式前显著提高了脑瘫的早期诊断率及康复疗效。结论临床、保健、康复相结合的方式整合了医疗资源,起到了促进脑瘫早发现、早诊断、早治疗的作用 ,值得推广。

9.
China Oncology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547289

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Endostatin can effectively inhibit angiogenesis,it could slow down tumor growth in heterogenic transplantation model by given ES systematically.This study was to evaluate the inhibition of endostatin on tumor growth and metastasis of lung cancer of the thoracic cavity implant model in nude mouse.Methods:H460 cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the thoracic cavity of nude mouse,and the mice were randomized into ES group(ESG)and control group(CG).At the fi rst day,the ESG was given 20 mg/kg of endostatin s.c.qd,the CG was treated daily s.c.with equal volumes of PBS for 20 days.The weight of the animal and the transplantation tumor,mice life span,MMP2 of blood were observed.Results:The rate of tumor formation was 100%,and the thoracic cavity implant models gradually had metastasis.The transplantation tumor weights were(1.54?0.14)in ESG group that was less than that(0.9?0.3)in CG group(t=-3.163,P=0.005);the comparison of the change value of weight on day 1 and day 21 between CG(1.9?2.8)and ESG(-0.8?2.8)was statistically different(t=-2.156,P=0.045).The average survival time of the ESG was longer than that of the CG.Conclusion:The results demonstrate that endostatin could inhibit the growth and metastasis of H460 cell in athymic mouse,and one of the important mechanisms involves was inhibition of the MMPs expression.The thoracic cavity implant model was easier to obtain metastasis,and provided a reliable research tool for the study of endostatin inhibition on tumor growth and metastasis of lung cancer.

10.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 443-446, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410396

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of human vascular endothelial growth factor on restenosis after angioplasty. Methods: A rabbit model of injured carotid artery was established using percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. The pcDNA3/hVEGF165(500 μg,n=12) and pcDNA3 (500 μg,n=12) were separately transfected into injured arterial wall with 30 min incubation. The carotid artery was imaged by arotic angiography at the end of week 2 and week 4. Pathology analysis and Northern blot analysis were performed for harvested injured artery segment. Results: Arotic angiography showed carotid artery diameter narrowness were obviously lessened at week 2 and week 4 in experimental group than that in control group; H-E stains showed lumina narrow ratio were obviously reduced at week 2 and week 4 in experimental group than that in control group[(9.58±1.35)% vs (31.72±1.72)%;(18.09±2.93)% vs (44.05±3.28)%, P<0.01 ]; By Northern blot analysis, the expression of hVEGF165mRNA in experimental group were upregulated than in contol group. Conclusion: pcDNA3/hVEGF165 can be transfected into smooth muscle cell and continue to secret bioactivity protein at least for 4 weeks; it can accelerate reendothelialization and prevent restenosis.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the incidence,the etiological factor and the harm of metoclopramide-induced children poisoning.METHODS:We reviewed 30 reports published in Chinese Pharmaceutical Abstracts(2003~2006)and domestic pediatric journals and gave a comprehensive evaluation on the confirmed 56 metoclopramide-induced children poisoning cases.RESULTS:All of the 56 poisoning cases were induced by oral administration and all had high daily dose.The condition was predominantly characterized by posterior tilt of head,stiffing of root of tongue,ataxia,upward staring or side-glance etc.Metoclopramide has inhibition effect on leucocytes,and it can result in cumulative poisoning,especially for children with hepatorenal inadequacy.CONCLUSION:Great attention should be attached to the dose and course of treatment of metoclopramide to enhance drug efficacy while reducing incidence of adverse drug reactions.

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