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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 231-235, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810499

ABSTRACT

Odontoid fractures constitute the most common cervical spine fracture in the population aged. The optimal management strategy for odontoid fractures remains controversial, especially in the elderly, because of the high morbidity and mortality with both conservative and operative intervention. This review discusses the management of odontoid fractures among the elderly, with a focus on the various treatment options and their outcomes.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 919-926, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708612

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) for the treatment of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the cervical spine.Methods The data of 45 cases with cervical posterior longitudinal ligament ossification treated by ACAF from March 2017 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed,including 25 males and 20 females,age 45-68 years,average 57.5 years.There were 18 cases involving C3 vertebral body,30 cases involving C4 vertebral body,40 cases involving C5 vertebral body,34 cases involving C6 vertebral body,and 7 cases involving C7 vertebral body.The function of the neural function was evaluated by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring system at preoperation and latest follow-up.The curvature of the cervical spine was measured on the lateral X-ray film of the cervical spine,the maximum occupying ratio of the spinal canal was measured on the cross section of the CT scan,and compression of the cervical spinal cord was evaluated by the cervical MRI.Results Patients were followed up for 3 to 6 months (average,3.9 months).The improvement of neurological function was obtained in all the patients.The JOA score improvement rate at the latest follow-up was 71.3%±9.6%.The cervical lordosis was improved from preoperative 4.5°±3.8° to 10.3°±4.8° at the latest follow-up.The canal stenosis ratio was decreased from preoperative 54.3%±8.2% to 12.5%±5.3% at the latest follow-up.MRI showed that the cervical spinal cord was adequately decompressed in situ.No specific complications were identified that were associated with this technique.Conclusion The present study elaborates the surgical tips and demonstrates the satisfactory outcome of ACAF for the treatment of OPLL.This novel technique has the potential to serve as an alternative surgical technique for the treatment of cervical OPLL.

3.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 1053-1059, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607038

ABSTRACT

Objective To report a novel technique named anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) for the treatment of severe ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the cervical spine,which allows for direct decompression of the nerve without resection of the ossification,making up for deficiencies in traditional anterior or posterior decompression.Methods The main surgical procedures of the ACAF included treatment of intervertebral space,removal of the anterior part of vertebrae,installation of titanium plate and interbody fusion cages,bilateral osteotomies of the vertebrae,and antedisplacement of the vertebrae ossification complex.The clinical data of two patients undergoing this surgery for severe ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of cervical spine were collected and analyzed.Results ACAF enabled direct decompression of spinal cord and nerve root through antedisplacement of the vertebrae ossification complex.The two patients who underwent ACAF gained satisfactory restoration with decompression of spinal cord and good recovery of neurological function,with no specific complications.Conclusion ACAF surgery takes into account the effectiveness of anterior direct decompression and the safety of posterior indirect decompression.Preliminary results shows that it can be used for severe cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament.

4.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 237-242, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505990

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical significance of peripheral neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) changes in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) after receiving argon-helium cryoablation.Methods A total of 33 CRPC patients,who were treated with argon-helium cryoablation at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital,were included in this study.The clinical and pathological data were collected and analyzed.The following factors that might affect the postoperative overall survival (OS) of patients were analyzed with univariate and multivariate analysis:age,baseline PSA level,hemoglobin,white blood cell count,platelet count,albumin,alkaline phosphatase,NLR,platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR),hormone sensitive time,chemotherapy,bone metastasis,Gleason score,ECOG score,PSA effective rate.Results A total of 33 patients were enrolled in this study,the average age was 69 years (50-82 years) and the median survival time was 28 months (6-55 months).Univariate analysis showed that the baseline PSA level,alkaline phosphatase,NLR,hormone sensitive time,chemotherapy,bone metastases,Gleason score and PSA effective rate were significantly correlated with OS of CRPC patients after receiving cryoablation (P<0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that the baseline PSA level (P=0.003),NLR (P=0.009),Gleason score (P<0.001) were independent predictive factors for OS of CRPC patients after cryoablation therapy.Conclusion NLR can be used as a prognostic predictor for CRPC patients undergoing argon-helium cryoablation,and the increased NLR indicates a poor prognosis.(J Intervent Radiol,2017,26:237-242)

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 22-26, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484243

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the process of PD, DJ-1 participates in regulating the function of mitochondria,which has an effect on the protection of mitochon-dria. DJ-1 mutations can lead to the decrease of the activity of mitochondrial complex Ⅰ, the decrease of mitochondrial mem-brane potential and then mitochondrial fragmention and mitoph-agy, and then further damage neurons and trigger PD. This re-view presents the role of DJ-1 in regulating the function of the mitochondria in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease(PD).

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5983-5987, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Studies have found that Wudi Dan can suppress local inflammatory response of the lesioned joints to protect the articular cartilage. OBJECTIVE:To verify the effect of Wudi Dan on chondrocyte viability and apoptosis as wel as the therapeutic effect on osteoarthritis. METHODS:Rat chondrocytes were cultured in serum medium containing Wudi Dan, and the effects of Wudi Dan on cel viability and apoptosis were observed by comparison with the control group. Rabbit model of knee osteoarthritis was constructed using modified Hulth method. Rabbit models were divided into two groups:Wudi Dan group treated with Wudi Dan and control group treated with normal saline, twice a day, consecutively for 4 weeks. Therapeutic effect of Wudi Dan on knee osteoarthritis was observed;cel viability and apoptosis were observed under microscope;the levels of interleukin-1 and matrix metal oproteinase-3 were determined using immunohistochemical method. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The apoptotic rate of chondrocytes was significantly lower in the Wudi Dan group than the control group. Pathological findings of the rabbit knee joints showed that the control group had more severe damage to the articular cartilage than the Wudi Dan group. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that in the Wudi Dan group, the cytoplasm and extracel ular matrix were colored light and there were a smal number of positive cel s as wel as low expression of interleukin-1 and matrix metal oproteinase-3. The results suggest that Wudi Dan can effectively protect against articular cartilage lesions, reduce inflammation, and have a good therapeutic effect on osteoarthritis. Its mechanism may be related to inhibition of chondrocyte apoptosis, reduction of cytokine production and inhibition of protein expression of matrix metal oproteinase.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 481-483, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435286

ABSTRACT

In view of the characteristics of the learning curve for medical students,the ' three phases and seven steps' case-based learning model was designed and implemented by Changzheng Hospital,the Second Military Medical University.This model was carried out in the theoretical study stage,the first round of internship and the second round of internship.Cases of single diseases,multiple diseases involving variant systems and a variety of diseases involving different department were enrolled for analysis and discussion.Implementation of each case study was divided in seven procedures:determining learning objective and choosing typical case,studying case and raising questions,panel discussions and establishment of common problems,looking up for information to answer questions and preparing report slide,large group discussions,summary and evaluation.'Three phases and seven steps' case based learning model ensure the width and depth of basic medical knowledge learned by the students.With the practice of this model,the basic medical knowledge was constructed systemically and comprehensively by medical students.Students' abilities of problem-analyzing and problem-solving as well as clinical research were developed.This model was effective according to our practice and was worth spreading out.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 516-519, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426502

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the methods and effects for treating unstable posterior pelvic ring fracture combined with sacral nerve injury and further identify the relationships among the diagnostic methods,surgical approaches and clinical outcomes.Methods A total of 38 patients with posterior pelvic ring fracture combined with sacral plexus injury treated from January 2000 to January 2010 were enrolled in the study.There were 20 males and 18 females at an average age of 35 years (range,10 to 59 years).The causes of fractures included traffic injury in 20 patients,fall injury in 12,weighty object impingement injury in five,and stabbing injury in one.Classification of posterior pelvic ring fractures included fracture and dislocation of sacroiliac joints in eight patients,fracture of ilium wing in two and sacrum fracture in 28.According to the Denis typing of sacrum fractures,there was one patient with type Ⅰ fracture,14 with type Ⅱ fracture and 13 with type Ⅲ fracture.All 38 patients presented the decrease or loss of skin sensation around the lower extremities,perineal region and crissum.Simultaneously,30 patients suffered motor dysfunction of the lower extremities,while 20 patients had bladder and anus sphincter dysfunction or sexual disorder.Thirteen patients were suspected of sacral plexus avulsion and four of them were confirmed by myelography or MRI examination.All patients had at least one associated injury.The average ISS was 21.9 points ( range,9 to 47 points).Therapeutic methods were fracture reduction and fixation in the absence of nerve decompression for eight patients and nerve decompression for 30 patients including 26 patients being also managed by fracture reduction and fixation.Operation time ranged from 6 days to 6 months.The clinical outcomes were evaluated according to the British Medical Research Council (BMRC) evaluation criteria of sensation and movement function.Results Thirty-four patients were followed up for average 4.9 years ( range,1 to 10 years),during which their pelvis obtained stable recovery.The neurological outcome was excellent in two patients,good in four and unchanged in two in the nondecompression group and was excellent in 16 patients,good in nine and unchanged in one in the decompression group,with the decompression group superior to the non-decompression group ( P < O.05 ).Conclusions For unstable posterior pelvic ring fracture combined with sacral nerve injury,nerve decompression and release combined with internal fixation can better improve the sacral nerve function and obtain good pelvic ring stability and is worth of clinical application.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 484-487, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416428

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the relevant causes for and treatment of nerve injuries in the anterior cervical surgery. Methods From January 2008 to December 2009,859 cages of cervical spondylosis,ossification of cervical posterior longitudinal ligament and cervical spine trauma were treated by anterior cervical surgery.This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of seven cases who were with worsened symptoms of spinal cord injury and related nerve injury. Results Of 859 cases,five cases(0.58%)were with spinal cord injury,one(0.12%)with recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and one (0.12%)with laryngeal nerve injury.Hematoma occurred in four cases after surgery caused spinal cord injury and all the four patients recovered to normal after removal of the hematoma and timely treatment with mythylprednisolone and hyperbaric oxygen.Cervical spine trauma was worsened in one patient after the anterior cervical surgery.The patient restored to its original level of spinal cord gradually through some measures such as tracheotomy,ventilator support,hormone therapy and hyperbaric oxygen treatment.Laryngeal nerve injuries in two cases recovered to normal after conservative treatment with hormone,dehydration and other drugs within three months after surgery. Conclusions Anterior cervical surgery of cervical spondylosis,ossification of cervical posterior longitudinal ligament and cervical spine trauma are likely to induce the related nerve damage.The good prognosis can be obtained under timely prevention and treatment.

10.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546932

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To report the polyaxial locking plate and its primary clinical results in the treatment of the tibial plateau fractures.[Method]From July 2006 to August 2007,38 patients with tibial plateau fractures,including 26 males and 12 females,were treated with surgical reduction and internal fixation with polyaxial locking plate.The mean age of the patients was 30.6 years(18-65 years).According to Schatzker classification,there were 3 of type Ⅰ,5 of type Ⅱ,5 of type Ⅲ,6 of type Ⅳ,16 of type Ⅴ,3 of type Ⅵ,of which 34 were closed fractures and 4 open fractures.The follow-up period ranged from 7 to 18 months with a mean of 13.7 months.Function of the knees were assessed according to HSS system and radiological examination.[Result]Solid arthrodesis were obtained in all patients at 3-6 months after operation.Skin flap necrosis and incision infection happened respectively in 2 cases of type Ⅴ and type Ⅵ fractures.The score of HSS system was 92.8(range 78-98) averagely half year after operation and no reduction loss was observed.[Conclusion]The polyaxial locking plate is an effective fixation technique for the surgical treatment of the tibial plateau fractures because of its convenience and stability.The locking screws can be implanted in various directions and reduction loss is avoided post-operation.

11.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543955

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To approach clinical outcomes and experiences of low-grade spondylolistbesis patients treated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion(PLIF)and transpedicular instrumentation.[Method]Consecutive 53 cases suffered from low-grade spondylolisthesis were analyzed retrospectively.All patients were treated by posterior lumbar ioterbody fusion and transpedicular instrumentation.Pre-operative and post-operative Boxall index,angle of slipping,intervertebral height were oberserved in all patients.Curative effects,fusion fate,operation-methold and complications were analyzed in all patients.[Result]All patients were followed up from 9 to 21 months with an average of 16 months.Forty-nine(92.5%)patients were assessed to bony fusion postoperatively.Comparement about preoperative and postoperative Boxall index,angle of slipping and intervertebral height were observed in all patients.There were great changes in all these indexes(P

12.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543603

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To analyze the relative factors of reoperation to lumbar disc herniation(LDH)and to discuss the three methods for reoperation.[Method]By retrospectively studying and analyzing etiopathogenisis in 102 cases,who were made at least one reoperation,and other(1 327) LDH patients underwent an initial standard discectomy in our department from 1999 to 2004.Then studied several relative factors,such as age,interval time between the initial operation to the first reoperation,was made stastistic analysises.Combined with the statistic results,the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent three different reoperative methods were evaluated.[Result]A total of 102 cases underwent at least one reoperadon,11 of them had multiple(two or more)reoperations.Among these patients 58 cases suffered from recurrent LDH,40 suferred from postoperative stenosis or instability and 4 had postoperative intervertebral-space-infection.Forty-eight cases(47.06%)were performed single discectomies again,20(19.61%)undergone decompressions by laminectomy and 34(33.33%)had decompressions,bone-grafting and fixed with spinal instrumentations.There were 16 patients in all interbody-fusion surgeries and the number increasd year by year.Higher reoperation rate was seen in patients with the initial operation taking place less than 1 year comparing,more than those with the initial operation performing more than 1 year ago(P

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