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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 246-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of thrombus enhancement (TE) and thrombus permeability in cardioembolic thrombus with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion based on CT.Methods:The clinical and image data of 93 patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University within 12 hours after onset from January 2020 to July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the TOAST criteria, the patients were divided into the cardioembolism (CE) group (43 cases) and the large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) group (50 cases). All patients received noncontrast CT and CT angiography, and then thrombus permeability [thrombus attenuation increase (TAI), void fraction (ε)] and TE were assessed. Independent sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used in univariable analysis between two groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent influencing factors for cardioembolic stroke and establish a logistic model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the predictive value of TAI, ε, TE and the logistic model in cardioembolic thrombus with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion. Results:There were statistically significant differences in sex, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, baseline National Institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS), TAI, ε and TE between the CE group and the LAA group ( P<0.05). Binary logistics regression analysis showed that TAI (OR=1.300, 95%CI 1.147-1.473, P<0.001), hypertension (OR=0.116, 95%CI 0.025-0.535, P=0.006) and baseline NIHSS (OR=1.165, 95%CI 1.040-1.304, P=0.008) were independent influencing factors for cardioembolic thrombus. The ROC curve indicated that the logistic model predicted cardioembolic thrombus with the highest AUC of 0.907 (95%CI 0.848-0.966). TE predicted cardioembolic thrombus with the highest sensitivity of 90.7%. Conclusion:TE and thrombus permeability have application value for predicting cardioembolic thrombus with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion based on CT.

2.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 486-490, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512359

ABSTRACT

Objective Vascular mild cognitive impairment(VaMCI) refers to mild cognitive impairment caused by or associated with vascular causes.This study aims to investigate the characteristics of the cognitive impairment in patients with vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI).Methods Seventy-five patients with VaMCI(VaMCI group) and 38 healthy old subjects whose age, sex and education level match the VaMCI group patients(control group) were recruited from the department of Neurology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University between Jan 2016 and June 2016.The neuropsychological examinations were used to evaluate the severity of cognitive impairment, specifically including the Minimum Mental State Examination(MMSE), Montreal cognitive assessment scale(MoCA), Clinical Dementia Rating(CDR), Activity of Daily Living Scale(ADL), Hachinski ischemic score table, Hamilton Depression Scale(HAMD) and Auditory Verbal Learning Test(AVLT).The Fazekas scale was used to assess the severity of white matter lesions, and the medial temporal lobe atrophy rating scale(MTA) was used to evaluate the atrophic severity of medial temporal lobe.Results The overall cognitive function score in VaMCI group was significantly lower than the control group [MMSE [25.7±2.3 vs 28.4±2.0] MoCA [22.8±3.9 vs 26.3±3.7]], the differences was statistically significant(P<0.05);as well as the AVLT-I [5.1±1.0 vs 8.9±1.9], AVLT-D [3.7±1.0 vs 9.8±1.5] and AVLT-R [7.6±1.9 vs 12±1.5] scores in VaMCI group was significantly lower than the control group, the differences was statistically significant(P<0.05), which suggested patients with VaMCI have overall cognitive impairment, especially memory impairment.But Fazekas and MTA scores in VaMCI groups were higher than the control group, the differences was statistically significant(P<0.05).Correlation analysis showed that the scale of medial temporal lobe atrophy had a negative relationship with the performance of MoCA (r=-0.434,P=0.002).Conclusion Our findings demonstrate patients with VaMCI have significant cognitive impairment, especially memory impairment, which may be correlated to the severity of the white matter lesions and the medial temporal lobe atrophy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 200-204, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418366

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the relationship between characteristic damages in white matter and its executive dysfunction by magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the patients with leukoaraiosis (LA). Methods A total of 23 patients with LA and 19 age,sex and education-matched healthy people as control were enrolled.Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA),Stroop test,trail making test (TMT),digit-symbol test(DST),verbal fluence (VF) were applied to assess cognitive and executive functions.Fractional anisotropy (FA),apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and mean diffusivity (MD) in white matter lesion (WML) and normal appearing white matter (NAWM) were measured in LA group,the bilateral centrum semiovale,anterior and posterior periventricular white matter in control group were measured by DTI. The white matter DTI parameters were compared between the groups, the relationship between DTI parameters and executive function was investigated in LA group. Results In LA patients,distinct executive dysfunction were found.The scores of Stroop B [(69.4± 13.4) vs.(43.3 ± 5.0),t =8.03,P<0.05)],Stroop C [(141.4±42.1) vs.(65.4±10.3),t=7.66,P<0.05)]and Stroop C B[ (72.0±41.4) vs.(22.1±9.6),t=5.13,P<0.05)],TMT-A[(73.2±15.3)vs.(31.2±7.2),t 10.97,P<0.05) ],TMTB[(125.6±18.0) vs.(81.6±5.9),t=10.22,P<0.05) ] andDST[ (24.8±5.6 )vs.(36.8±5.1),t=7.19,P<0.05) ] were inferior in LA group to control group.The values of FA in centrum semiovale [(0.2±0.1) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F =45.08,P<0.05)],anterior periventricular white matter [(0.2±0.0) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F =70.11,P<0.05)] and posterior perivcntricular white matter[ (0.3±0.1) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F=8.54,P<0.05) ]of WML were reduced as compared with those of NAWM and control group.The values of ADC(×10- 3mm2/s) in the above three regions of WML [(1.2±0.2) vs.(0.8±0.1) and (0.8±0.1),F=46.77,P<0.05)],[(1.2±0.3) vs.(0.8±0.0) and (0.8±0.1),F=68.22,P<0.05)]and [(1.4±0.3) vs.(0.8±0.0) and (0.9±0.1),F=17.08,P<0.05) ] were elevated,as compared with those of NAWM and control group,and the values of MD ( × 10-5 mm2/s) in the three regions of WML[ (127.8±14.5) vs. (95.3±26.4) and (100.8±9.4),F 19.72,P<0.05) ],[(127.4±16.0) vs.(101.8±13.9) and (93.4±5.6),F=39.26,P<0.05) ] and [(134.4±21.2)vs.(114.8=14.5) and (114.4±11.7),F=10.66,P<0.05) ]were also increased,as compared with those of NAWM and control group.There was negative correlation of FA with Stroop C-B (r=-0.46,P<0.05),TMT-A (r=-0.48,P<0.05) and TMT-B (r=0.46,P<0.05),while FA was positively related with DST test (r=0.42,P<0.05) in anterior periventricular white matter.Conclusions DTI can detect the characteristic damages of white matter,which is strongly related with executive function impairments possibly induced by the damage of prefrontal-subcortical loop in the patients with LA.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 109-112, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384416

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate serum uric acid (UA) levels and related clinical features in patients with high risk syndrome of neuromyelitis optica. Methods UA levels were measured in 51 patients with high risk syndrome of neuromyelitis optica including 34 with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) and 17 with optic neuritis (ON), 48 with neuromyelitis optica (NMO), 45 with other neurological diseases (OND) and 65 with healthy controls (HC). The disability severity was assessed by the expanded disability status scale (EDSS). Spinal lesions were viewed by MRI. Serum aquaporin-4(AQP4) antibody was tested in cell based immunofluorescence assay. Results Serum UA levels in LETM ( ( 189. 84 ±85. 65) μmol/L) and ON patients ( (222. 12 ±61.68) μmol/L) were significantly lower than that in OND ((315.90±71.36) μ mol/L) and HC ((291.05 ±76.64) μ mol/L) subjects (P<0.01). No difference was found between LETM, ON and NMO groups. UA levels were significantly lower in females ( ( 158.24 ±55.92), (187.00±47.52), (198.21 ±62.62), (274.51 ±70.66)and (243.26±60.65) μmol/L)than in males ( ( 262. 09 ± 101.63 ), ( 262. 45 ± 62. 13 ), ( 298.90 ± 74. 14 ), ( 355.37 ± 50. 30 ) and (340. 34 ±58. 23) μmol/L) in all groups (t=3. 183, 2.578, 4.356, 4.365 and 6.579, all P<0.05).UA levels in patients with high risk syndrome of NMO were not correlated with mono or relapse course,duration or status of serum AQP4 antibody. UA were negatively correlated with EDSS in patients with LETM (r= -0.714, P<0.01). Conclusion Lower serum UA levels were found in patients with high risk syndrome of NMO and related to more severe symptoms in LETM group.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 416-419, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415817

ABSTRACT

Objective Investigate the clinical features of the neurological disorders in patients after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) for chronic pulmonary thromboembolism , analyze the factorial. Methods A retrospective study was made of 26 patients who underwent PTE between 2002 and 2010 in Beijing Chao-Yang hospital. The symptom of neurological system disorders occurred in the survivors were been investigate. The preoperative conditions and the perioperative conditions of all survivors were investigated. Compared the differences between the groups with neurological system disorders and the groups without. Results There were 22 patients of 26 survived after the surgery. Cardiac function of the survivors improved, and the quality of life improved significantly. 5 cases of the 22 survivors had symptoms of neurological system disorders. 3 patients showed lethargy, delirium, memory disorders, brain CT found no abnormal, symptoms recovered within 2 weeks. The fourth patient showed ataxia, unsteady gait, dance-like movements symmetry, in addition to the above symptoms, brain CT no abnormal showed,brain MRI showed bilateral abnormal signal in the midbrain, basal ganglia, symptoms improved and discharged after 8 weeks, the symptoms completely disappeared 6 months, and the abnormal signals in brain in MRI disappeared. The fifth patient with similar symptoms to the fourth, brain CT no abnormal found, be discharged 10 weeks after the operation, recovery is poor, living part of themselves. The postoperative neurological disorders occurred in the patients of Jamieson surgery type Ⅲ type, Ⅳ type of larger proportion, (P = 0.024), longer circulatory arrest surgery (P = 0.034). Conclusion The neurological disorders postoperative PTE often showed diffuse symmetric cerebral cortex and basal ganglia nerve dysfunction, brain MRI showed abnormal signal corresponding region, the majority of symptoms disappeared in 2 - 8 weeks, abnormal signal in brain MRI could disappeared after 6 months. Neurological dysfunction occurs in patients with more difficult surgical procedure, longer circulatory arrest, suggesting that with the surgery cerebral ischemia and hypoxia related.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 935-938, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386323

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate serum uric acid (UA) levels and related clinical characteristics of neuromyelitis optica (NMO). Methods The serum uric acid levels were measured in 65 patients with NMO, compared to control groups which were 76 cases with multiple sclerosis ( MS), 126 cases with cerebral vascular diseases (CVD) and 130 healthy controls(HC). The disability severity in NMO was assessed by the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). Magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ) was performed to strengthen assessment the involved lesions. Serum AQP4 antibody was tested in a cell based immunofluorescence assay. Results In male groups, serum UA levels in NMO patients [ (298.90±74.14) μmol/L] were significantly lower than that in CVD [ (355.37 ±50. 30) μmol/L] and HC subjects [ (340.33 ± 58.23 ) μmol/L, P < 0.05 ]. No difference was found between NMO and MS [ ( 292.36 ±92.95) μmol/L] groups. In female groups, serum UA levels in NMO patients [(198.21 ± 62.62)μmol/L] were significantly lower than that in CVD [(274.51 ± 70.66) μmol/L] and HC subjects [(243.26 ±60.65) μmol/L,P <0.05]. No difference was found between NMO and MS [(232.29 ±71.95 ) μmol/L ] groups. UA levels were significantly lower in females [ ( 198.21 ± 62. 62) μ mol/L] than in males [ (298.90 ±74.14) μmol/L]. UA levels were significantly lower in patients with EDSS≥5 [ ( 195.48 ± 83.70 )μmol/L] than EDSS < 5 [ (241.00 ± 63.20)μmol/L] NMO patients. In our study UA levels were not correlated with longitude of spinal lesions, activity revealed by MRI and AQP4 antibody tires.Conclusion Lower serum UA levels were found in patients with NMO and related to more severe symptoms.

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