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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880430

ABSTRACT

ISO/TS 10974 is a general international technical specification (TS) which concentrates on the safety assessment of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for active implantable medical devices. ISO/TS 10974 Ed.2 was published in 2018 with substantial revision to Ed.1. To provide a guideline for adopting this recently revised TS in practice, this paper summarized the major changes and analyzed the technical improvements in Ed.2. Moreover, we also discussed current and emerging challenges to MRI safety evaluation remaining in Ed.2. The study revealed the consistency between these two editions with respect to classification of potential patient hazards and testing strategies, whereas Ed.2 has many methodological improvements over Ed.1 in testing methods for RF-induced heating, gradient-induced malfunction, and combined field testing, etc. However, it is still necessary to expand the scope of applicability and to adopt latest research findings into this TS to keep pace with the rapid developments in industry, making it a better guidance in the future.


Subject(s)
Equipment Safety , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prostheses and Implants
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821484

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the perioperative application of sufentanil and oxycodone in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for gastric or colorectal cancer. Methods 59 patients were selected and randomly divided into group O and group S. Anesthesia was induced with sufentanil 0.3 μg/kg in group S and oxycodone 0.3 mg/kg in group O. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane balanced anesthesia. When heart rate or blood pressure reached 20% over the baseline, additional dose of oxycodone 0.1 mg/kg was given in group O and sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg in group S. 30 minutes before the end of surgery, patients in group S received sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg and group O with oxycodone 0.1 mg/kg separately. Two hours in the PACU, a rescue dose of sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg or oxycodone 0.1 mg/kg was given to the patients with VAS score bigger than 4. Hemodynamic index, VAS score, Ramsay score, adverse responses and analgesics rescue were recorded. Results No difference was found in hemodynamic index, VAS score and analgesics rescue between the two groups (P>0.05). Ramsay score of group S is lower than that of group O (P=0.014). Induction period bucking incidence in group O was obviously lower than that in group S(P=0.002). The incidence of emergency agitation in group O was significantly lower than that in group S(P=0.045).There was no significant difference in respiratory depression, postoperative nausea and vomiting between two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion Compared with sufentanil, oxycodone significantly reduced the incidence of bucking and emergency agitation. Oxycodone provided better sedation to patients who received laparoscopic surgery for gastric or colorectal cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1557-1565, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771773

ABSTRACT

To construct a eukaryotic expression plasmid containing the luciferase reporter gene (Fluc) to quickly detect apoptosis. Four amino acids, Asp-Glu-Val-Asp (DEVD), the recognize motif of Caspase-3, were introduced into the middle of the Fluc-C and N fragment. Meanwhile, four amino acids, Asp-Glu-Val-Gly (DEVG), were selected as a negative control. Subsequently, the recombinant gene was cloned into the N and C terminal end of the split intein, and named as pFluc-DEVD and pFluc-DEVG. Then the plasmids were transfected into cells and renilla luciferase was co-transfected in each sample as an internal control for transfection efficiency. Then the apoptosis level was detected by the double luciferase reporter gene and the Western blotting analysis. The results showed that when apoptosis occurred, the content of firefly luciferase expressed in the pFluc-DEVD plasmid transfected group was about 3 times higher than pFluc-DEVG plasmid transfected group. Furthermore, Western blotting detection indicated that the Fluc level was significantly increased in pFluc-DEVD transfected group when pre-treated by apoptosis stimulants. The activation degree of Caspase-3 was closely related to the expression of Fluc, and had a significant statistical difference. These results confirmed that firefly luciferase protein expressed by pFluc-DEVD plasmid can be cleaved by the intracellular Caspase-3 enzyme, and this plasmid can accurately reflect the cell apoptosis level, which provides a useful method for quantitative detection of apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genes, Reporter , Luciferases, Firefly , Transfection
4.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 440-444,448, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743750

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of VCD (bortezomib/cyclophosphamide/dexamethason) in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Methods Fifty-five consecutive patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed MM were enrolled in the study retrospectively from June 2012 to June 2017. We collected and analyzed the clinical information of all patients treated with VCD.Results Firstly, the patients received therapy of VCD for median 4 cycles (Range : 2 ~8). The overall response rate (ORR) was 85.5% (45/55). The complete response/near complete response rate (CR/nCR) , very good partial response rate (VGPR) and partial response rate (PR) were 27.3%, 23.6% and 34.6%, respectively. The ORR of10 patients with renal inadequacy was 80.0%, while 45 cases with normal renal function was 82.2% (P=0.627).Secondly, with a median follow-up of 13.5 months, the median progression free survival (PFS) , the median duration of response (DOR) and the median overall survival (OS) were 27 (1~61) months, 18 (1~50) months and 49 (1~64) months, respectively. Univariate prognostic analysis showed that abnormal ISS stage Ⅲ, relapse, renal dysfunction and response inferior to VGPR were negative prognostic factors for PFS, while abnormal ISS stageⅢ and renal dysfunction were negative prognostic factors for OS. Moreover, the multivariate prognostic analysis showed that abnormal ISS stage Ⅲ and response inferior to VGPR were independent prognostic factors for PFS, while ISS stage Ⅲ was independent prognostic factors for OS. Thirdly, the VCD treatment is effective and safe.The adverse events were evaluated according to International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria.The results showed that the most common grade 3 ~4 non-hematology adverse events (AEs) were infection (20.0%) , peripheral neuropathy (5.5%) and hypertension (5.5%). The most common grade 3~4 hematology AEs were thrombocytopenia (10.9%) , neutropenia (9.0%) and anemia (5.5%). A total of 2 patients (3.6%) discontinued VCD because of serious peripheral neuropathy and 2 cases (3.65%) died of respiratory failure because of serious infection. Conclusions The VCD regimen is effective and safe in the treatment of newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory MM patients in China. VCD is safe in patients with renal dysfunction.

5.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3209-3211, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610727

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of Du moxibustion health care underwear intervention effects on quality of life and immunity of sub-health Yang deficiency.Methods Sub healthy Yang deficiency subjects were randomly divided into observation group and control group,30 cases in each group.The observation group in Du moxibustion health care underwear for 12 weeks,the control group in ordinary clothes,with quality of life scale (SF-36) to observe the change of their integral quality of life energy,physical function,emotional function and mental health of four indicators,IgA and IgG in blood were detected by scatter turbidity rate method.Flow cytometry was used to detect CD4+ and CD8+ in blood.Results The scores of physiological function,energy,emotional function and mental health in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.01).The levels of IgA,IgG and CD4+ in bservation group were significantly higher than those before,and CD4+ was lower,and the difference were statistically significant when compared with the control group(P<0.05,P<0.01).Conclusion Du moxibustion health care underwear sub-health Yang deficiency can improve their quality of life and immunity.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 761-766, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809311

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the risk factors of poor graft function (PGF) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for severe aplastic anemia (SAA) .@*Methods@#Clinical data from 111 SAA patients who received allo-HSCT were analyzed retrospectively. Factors including age, gender, interval to transplantation, the level of serum ferritin before transplantation were analyzed by Cox multivariate regression analysis.@*Results@#Among the 111 patients who underwent allo-HSCT, 16 developed PGF (14.4%) . Multivariate analysis showed donor type (HR=2.656, 95%CI 1.204-5.858, P= 0.016) and the level of serum ferritin before tansplantation (HR=3.170, 95%CI 1.400-7.180, P=0.006) were significant risk factors for PGF.@*Conclusion@#Unrelated donor transplantation and the high level of serum ferritin before transplantation are risk factors for PGF.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 102-106, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808239

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the morbidity, clinical characteristics, therapeutic outcomes and prognosis of cardiac lymphoma.@*Methods@#Individual patient data were obtained from pathology defined 10 cases of cardiac lymphoma from Jan 2000 to Jun 2016. The patient’s general information, clinical manifestation, pathological diagnosis, laboratory examination, cardiac involvement feature, cardiac complications, treatment, therapeutic effect and prognosis were analyzed.@*Results@#Of 3 918 cases of lymphoma patients, 10 cases of cardiac involvement were identified, including primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) in 1 case, secondary cardiac lymphoma (SCL) in 9 cases. Of the 10 patients in our analysis, the male-to-female ratio was 3∶2, with a median age of 55 (19-88) years old. The most presenting complaints were dyspnea in 7 cases, followed by chest pain in 5 cases, fatigue in 2 patients and edema in 2 cases. Pathological types included diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in 7 cases, T cell lymphoma (T-LBL) in 1 case, Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) in 1 case, and Burkitt lymphoma (BL) in 1 case. The sites of the heart affected by lymphoma in the PCL patient were right and left atriums with multiple nodules; and for SCL, the sites were mainly pericardium associated with a pericardial effusion in 5 cases, a pericardial mass in 2 cases. Congestive heart failure affects 7 patients and cardiac arrhythmias were identified in 4 cases mainly sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and atrioventricular block. Except one untreated because of old age and poor performance, the rest of 9 patients were treated by either chemotherapy in 4 cases or chemotherapy combined radiotherapy (including the extracardiac sites) in 5 patients. With the median follow-up of 9 months, the one PCL patient achieved partial response (PR) , progress free survival (PFS) for 6 months and the overall survival (OS) for 21 months; in the cohort of 6 SCL patients cardiac involved at diagnosis, complete response (CR) was achieved in 1 case (16.7%) , PR in 3 cases, progressing disease (PD) in 2 cases, with the median PFS for 5 months and the median OS for 19 months; and for the other 3 SCL patients cardiac involved at progression, PR was achieved in 2 case and death in 1 case, with the median PFS for 4 months and the median OS unavailable because of censored data.@*Conclusion@#Cardiac lymphoma represents a rare subset of lymphoma, the most common type is DLBCL, and the main clinical manifestations are dyspnea and chest pain, always combined by arrhythmia and congestive heart failure. The main therapeutic regimen for cardiac lymphoma includes combined chemotherapy and the prognosis for patients with either PCL or SCL is usually poor.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 494-497, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686687

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between environment selenium distribution characteristic and Kaschin-Beck disease (KBD) in the Yarlung Zangbo River banks and to provide some measures for prevention and control of KBD in the north side of the river bank.Methods Considering the geography and KBD distribution,we made a survey in Xietongmen (KBD area),Lazi and Sajia (non-KBD area) counties in 2013 and 2015.Water,soil,herbage,grain food and children hair samples were collected.Selenium of the samples was measured by hydride generation-atomic fluorescence spectrometry.Results A total of 246 samples of natural soil,cultivated soil,drinking water,food and forage,and 103 samples of children hair were collected.The selenium in natural soil,cultivated soil,herbage,barley,tsampa,self-produced wheat in non-KBD area in the south side of Yarlung Zangbo River bank were significantly higher than those in KBD areas in the north side [mean (μg/kg):288.62 vs 134.90,228.26 vs 160.28,41.85 vs 5.10,13.99 vs 4.02,12.64 vs 8.07,27.44 vs 13.56,U =7,23,0,19,62,0,P < 0.05].Hair selenium in school children in KBD area in the north side was higher than that previously reported,but still significantly lower than that in non-KBD areas in the south side of the river bank [mg/kg:0.221 vs 0.306,U =650,P < 0.01],and about 65.45% (36/55)of school children in KBD area were at a risk of selenium deficiency in the north of the Yarlung Zangbo River bank.Conclusions The selenium contem in the food chain of soilplants-animals (human being) is significantly lower in KBD area in the north side of Yarlung Zangbo River bank than that in non-KBD areas in the south side.It's still a key factor for the occurrence and prevalence of KBD that low selenium in environment in KBD areas in the north side.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671243

ABSTRACT

Taxillus chinensis,belonging to hemiparasitic herbal medicine and featuring its wild host range,is used for relief from rheumatic conditions,reinforcement of liver and kidney,strengthening of tendon and bone,and prevention of abortion.It showed that host trees presented significant impacts on the quality of Taxillus chinensis in the modern researches.In this study,both domestic and foreign published articles over Taxillus chinensis from various host trees were reviewed to summarized its herbalogy,chemical constituents,toxicity,and pharmacological action.In regard to the influences on the quality of medicinal materials,ideas and references for the quality control of Taxillus chinensis were provided by analyzing the quality of Taxillus chinensis impacted by hosts.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 823-825, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444977

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients with multivessel diseases treated by fractional flow reserve (FFR) guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or other forms of treatment .Methods Some keywords inclu-ding FFR or fractional flow reserve ,percutaneous coronary intervention or PCI ,multivessel coronary artery disease were used to search randomized control trails(RCT) ,which compared outcomes of patients with multivessel disease treated by FFR guided PCI with other forms of treatment ,in Chinese and English database including CNKI ,VIP ,Wanfang ,Pubmed ,EMBASE and the web of science .The quality of included studies was evaluated by Jadad quality score and all the data was analyzed by stata 10 .0 .Results A total of 7 english literatures accumulating 2024 cases in experimental group and 7 284 cases in control group were included in this study .Compared with other forms of treatment ,patients with multivessel diseases treated by FFR-guided PCI had significantly low-er risk of myocardial infarction (RR=0 .72 ,P=0 .008) .Although the risk of death and major adverse cardiovascular events were al-so be reduced ,there were no statistically significant difference .Conclusion FFR-guided PCI is an effective treatment for multivessel disease ,but it is still needs further verification for the application in Chinese population .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575423

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To compare and analyse the clinical effect of tiny incision blind-cut suck-erasion on unhairing and preserving armpit hair in bromhidrosis.[Method] Select 429 cases of 851 sides in our hospital, divide them into treatment group(blind-cut suck-erasion+unhairing) 308 cases with 609 sides, and control group(blind-cut suck-erasion+preserving armpit hair) 121 cases with 242 sides. Make statistics and compare their complications in recent and forward stages, also the recurrence and residual of peculiar smel after 1 year. [Result] For the treatment group, 38 sides had the recent compli-cation of hematoncus, 30 sides had partly skin necrosis, 12 had bad cut cure, 70 had early slight hardening and contracture skin; for the forward complica-tions: 27 sides had focal slight scar, 3 severe scar, 23 focal subcutaneous sac lump with infection, 3 peculiar smel residual and recurrence. To the control one, for the recent complications, 11 sides had hematoncus, 9 partly skin necrosis, 5 bad cut cure, 13 early slight hardening and contracture skin; for for-ward complications, 8 sides had focal slight scar, 1 severe scar, 3 focal subcutaneous sac lump with infection, 38 peculiar smel residual and recurrence. By comparison, on early slight hardening and contracture skin and focal subcutaneous sac lump with infection, the treatment group was higher than control one;other complications had no difference of statistical meaning;on radical cure rate, the treatment group was obviously more than control one, with dif-ference of statistical meaning. [Conclusion] The tiny cut blind-cut suck-erasion is definite in treating bromhidrosis, the operation removes subcutaneous apocrine sweat gland, meanwhile removes the hair fol icle and sebaceous gland complexus, the therapy is very thorough, with better cure effect, less recur-rence, without increasing complications.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435048

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of a COX inhibitor,flurbiprofen (Flurb) on hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in rats and the action mechanism.Method C57BL/6 mice were randomized into sham,IR and Flurb (4 different doses) groups.The model of segmental (70%) warm hepatic ischemia was established in IR and Flurb groups.Flurbiprofen of different doses (5,7.5,10 and 15 mg/kg) was injected via the tail vein 20 min before ischemia.At different time points after reperfusion,liver cell necrosis and apoptosis were evaluated by HE and TUNEL staining.The COX and inflammatory cytokine gene expression was detected by using realtime PCR.Liver mitochondria were separated and mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore sensitivity was examined by using swelling assay and fluorescence spectrophotometry assay.Result In flurbiprofen groups of different doses,the serum AST and ALT levels were significantly decreased at 6 h after reperfusion as compared with IR group.Moreover,10 mg/kg Flurb pretreatment significantly inhibited the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore opening,and thus alleviated liver cell damage and prevented mitochondria-related cell death and apoptosis by inhibiting COX-2 and inflammatory factor genes expression such as IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α.Conclusion Flurbiprofen protects mice from hepatic I/R injury possibly by inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition and IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α expression,which may provide experimental evidence for clinical use of flurbiprofen to protect liver function in surgical settings other than its conventional use for pain relief.

13.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 732-734, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434719

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the value of pacemaker implantation using the subclavian vein (SCV) puncture and thecephalic vein(CV) cutdown approach.Methods One hundred and forty-six patients were randomized into SCV group (98 patients) and CV group (48 patients).We observed the success rate,surgery duration,fluoroscopy time and complications of the two groups.Results The SCV group had significantly higher success rate,shorter duration of surgery and fluoroscopy than the CV group (success rate:100% (98/98) vs.89% (43/48),x2 =10.5,P < 0.05 ; duration of surgery:(118 ± 35) min vs.(256 ± 75)min,t =12.12,P <0.01 ; duration of fluoroscopy:(15 ±5) min vs.(35 ± 10) min,t =13.08,P <0.01).Both groups had one case who developed compilations which were pocket hematoma and wire electrode dislocation respectively.The rate of complications was not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion The SCV approach should be considered a preferable access in pacemaker implantation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 867-871, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423663

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively investigate diagnostic and therapeutic value of intradiscal steroid injection in patients with discogenic low back pain combined with radial fissure of annulus fibrosis.Methods Totally 120 patients who had undergone CT guided intervertebral discography and steroid injections,including 72 males and 48 females,aged from 25 to 60 years (average,48 years),were recruited to this study.According to Dallas discography description system,7 cases were rated as grade 0,36 grade 1,48grade 2,and 29 grade 3.The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) were used to evaluate clinical effect at 2 weeks,2 months,6 months,12 months and 24 months postoperatively.Results Most of patients who underwent steroid injection in single highly suspect diseased disc claimed significant symptom improvement.There were statistically significant differences between pre- and post-operative VAS and RMDQ.The clinical effect in grade 3 group was better than those in grade 1 and grade 2 groups,and the differences were significant.Patients with severe disc disruption (grade 3) had a lower recurrence rate of low back pain compared with other patients.Conclusion Intradiseal steroid injection not only can significantly relieve discogenic low back pain,but also can benefit diagnosis of discogenic low back pain,especially in patients who fail to reproduce concordant pain on discography.For patients with severe rupture of the annulus fibrosus,the relief of discogenic low back pain is more significant.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427433

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the impact of nutrition education on the outcomes and dietary intake during pregnancy.MethodsFrom January 2007 to December 2008,240 healthy pregnant outpatients were selected from Jining First People's Hospital.Subjects were randomly and equally divided into the intervention group and control group,and the intervention group received nutrition education till labor.Through the comparison of two groups,the impact of nutrition education on the outcomes and dietary intake was assessed.ResultsBirth weight of the newborn infauts was significantly lower in the intervention group than the control group( (3.15 ±0.81 )kg vs (3.33 ± 0.56)kg,t =2.04,P < 0.05).Compared with the control group,the incidence rate of anemia was lower in the intervention group (45.8% vs 59.8%,x2 =4.56,P <0.05).The intervention group had higher proportion of supplementation in iron,folic acid and compound vitamins (P < 0.05).Significant differences were also observed in the frequency of intake fried food,pork,poultry,milk,soybean milk and fresh fruits (P < 0.05).ConclusionNutrition education can improve the outcomes and dietary intake during pregnancy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283248

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the correlation of 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) between Taxilli Herba parasitized in mulberry and its host-plants.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The contents of DNJ of Taxilli Herba parasitized in mulberry and non-mulberry were determined by RP-HPLC. DNJ was extracted with 0.05 mol x L(-1) HCl, and then detected by fluorescence detector after derivatized with FMOC-Cl at pH 8.0 with borate buffer. The separation was performed on an Agilent C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) column with a mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1% aqueous acetic acid (51: 49) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The wavelength of fluorescence detector was operated at lambda(EX) = 254 nm and lambda(EM) = 322 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The linear range of DNJ was 3.72-37.2 mg x L(-1) (r = 0.999 9). The average recovery was 96.42%. The contents of DNJ in mulberry and Taxilli Herba parasitized in mulberry were 1.39-10.16 mg x g(-1) and 0.46-2.72 mg x g(-1), respectively. However, the contents of DNJ could not be detected in Taxilli Herba parasitized in non mulberry and its host-plants.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As the characteristic constituent of mulberry, DNJ was accumulated in Taxilli Herba This method can be applied to the quality control of Taxilli Herba from mulberry.</p>


Subject(s)
1-Deoxynojirimycin , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Stability , Morus , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402548

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:During culture of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs),a certain serum is commonly added in the basic medium,such as calf serum and fetal bovine serum,but there are potential biological safety risks.OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of different serum microenvironments on in vitro culture of rat BMSCs.METHODS:BMSCs were harvested from adult rat bone marrow,and cultured in vitro by whole bone marrow adherence method.The cells were cultured under the following serum microenvironment.The primary cells of autoserum group were cultured with autoserum,changing the medium with fetal bovine serum after passage.The primary calls of homogeneity foreign serum group were cultured with homogeneity foreign serum,changing the medium with fetal bovine serum after passage.The primary cells of fetal bovine serum group were cultured with fetal bovine serum,and cultured with fetal bovine serum after passage.The primary cells of Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium(DMEM)group were cultured with serum-free DMEM,changing the medium with fetal bovine serum after passage.The morphologic changes in BMSCs were detected under an inverted phase contrast microscope.Attachment rate and growth curve were measured.Surface marker CD11b,CD45 and CD90 expression was analyzed by flow cytometry.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:In autoserum and homogeneity foreign serum groups,the homogenicity and degrees of fusion of call morphology were improved in comparison with other two groups and the day of first passage was less than other groups.The attachment rate was greater in the autoserum,homogeneity foreign serum and fetal bovine serum groups than the DMEM group at 24,48,72 hours(P<0.01).Doubling rate was fastest in the growth curve of autoserum group,followed by homogeneity foreign serum group and fetal bovine serum group.However,no doubling phenomenon was found in the DMEM group.Flow cytometry results demonstrated that the rates of CD11b-positive and CD45-positive cells at passage 3 were above 98% under medium containing serum,and CD90-positive rate was less than 2%.We could obtain BMSCs of higher purity.However,CD11b-positive rate was 95.83%,CD90-positive rate was 2.07%,but CD45 positive rate was only 64.79% under serum-free microenvironment.BMSC purity was significantly lower under serum-free microenvironment than under serum microenvironment.Results indicated that the microenvironment of rat autoserum can improve the attachment rate,growth and purification of BMSCs.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyse the causes of nasal sinus mucoceles after sinus surgery or trauma and explore operative therapy and methods of avoiding mucoceles recurrence.@*METHOD@#Retrospective analysis were made in 22 cases of nasal sinus mucoceles after sinus surgery or trauma.@*RESULT@#All the cases underwent endoscopic mucosectomy. There is one recurrent frontal mucocele in follow-up one year later after surgery and coherency of the lateral nasal cavity with the middle nasal concha in two cases.@*CONCLUSION@#Sinus surgery or trauma can induce nasal sinus mucoceles. So it is necessary to fix the sinus fracture site and replace the mucosa as possible, keep the the middle nasal concha stability and healthy sinus mucosa in endoscopic surgery,and take long term follow-up for reducing mucoceles recurrence.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mucocele , Pathology , Paranasal Sinus Diseases , Pathology , Paranasal Sinuses , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Wounds and Injuries , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749033

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors of laryngeal carcinoma recurrence, 103 patients of laryngeal carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively on carcinoma marker, molecular margin and clinical factors with univariate analysis and multivariate analysis.@*METHOD@#CyclinD1, p27, p53 and eIF4E in primary site and surgery margins were detected in laryngeal carcinoma recurrence group and unrecurrence group with immunohistochemical staining to explore the significance of CyclinD1, p27, p53 and eIF4E on laryngeal carcinoma recurrence; The clinical data of 103 patients of laryngeal carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively to investigate the clinical factors of laryngeal carcinoma recurrence; At last above three factors were analyzed with multivariate analysis.@*RESULT@#There was significant difference between laryngeal carcinoma recurrence group and unrecurrence group about CyclinD1, p27 and p53 in laryngeal primary site; There was no significant difference between laryngeal carcinoma recurrence group and unrecurrence group about eIF4E. There was significant difference between laryngeal carcinoma recurrence group and unrecurrence group about CyclinD1, p27, p53 and eIF4E in surgery margins. Laryngeal carcinoma recurrence after surgery was related with carcinoma site, T stage, node metastasis, laryngeal carcinoma pathology and operative method; However, it was not related with age, sex and postoperative irradiation therapy with univariate analysis. Laryngeal carcinoma recurrence after surgery was related with T stage, node metastasis, laryngeal carcinoma pathology and operative method with logistic multivariate analysis. At last, laryngeal carcinoma recurrence after surgery was related with T stage, node metastasis, laryngeal carcinoma pathology and positive molecular margins with logistic multivariate analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The factors of laryngeal carcinoma recurrence is comprehensive. T stage, node metastasis,laryngeal carcinoma pathology and laryngeal carcinoma positive molecular margins were related with laryngeal carcinoma recurrence. Positive molecular margins were more reliable.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Pathology , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 , Metabolism , Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399751

ABSTRACT

This article overviews researches on acute myocardial infarction syndrome treated with TCM.We claim that the basic pathology of this disease should be futiber explored and essential factors for syndrome difierentiation should be studied.We also put forward quantitative diagnosis should be carried out to the essential factors and experimental indexes.

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