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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491053

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of coronary vessel re-endothelialization after placement of drug-eluting stents (DES), and to provide clinical evidence for the double anti-platelet treatment. Methods Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed in 43 patients in 1 year after DES implantation. Characteristics of re-endothelialization and percentage of neointimal coverage of stent struts were evaluated by OCT. Results The rate of stent struts intimal coverage was 90.70%, and the remain was lack of endothelial coverage; The ratio of neointimal thickness (NIT) between 0-99, 100-199 and above 200 microns was 19.92%, 37.55% and 42.53%, respectively. The rate of neointimal coverage was higher and the degree of neointimal hy-perplasia was more extensive in patients with DM and in patients with ACS than those of patients without DM and of patients with stable angina pectoris. Conclusion One year after stent placement, most of the stent struts were covered with neointima and few struts obtained poor coverage of endothelial. DM and ACS may be impact factors for the progress of re-endothelialization after DES placement.

2.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 170-174, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487060

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) and percutaneous transluminal septal tunnel myocardial ablation (PTSTMA) on cardiac function in experimental canines. Methods: According to CAG determined coronary septal branches, a total of 25 hybrized canines were divided into 2 groups:PTSMA group, n=13 canines with the bigger septal branches and PTSTMA group, n=12 canines with the smaller or uneven septal branches. Alcohol ablation model was established. Electrocardiograph (ECG) at before and after the operation, biomarkers for myocardial injury, echocardiography and hemodynamic changes were recorded. The animals were scariifes at 1 week after operation, the pathological changes in ventricular septal were observed by HE and Masson staining. Results: Myocardial infarction (MI) could be induced by either PTSMA or PTSTMA and the thickness of septal was decreased. LVEDd, LVEF and hemodynamic indexes were similar between 2 groups. The alcohol volume used in operation, EKG and echocardiography ifndings were similar between 2 groups, P>0.05. Pathological staining indicated that there was a well-demarcate between the ablation focal and normal myocardium, merging area had neutrophiles invasion, infarcted cells were partially having the ghost cell sample and they were gradually replaced by ifbrous tissue. There was nest-like necrosis in ablated lumen and the normal vessel wall disappeared. PTSMA group had vessel lumen conifguration in septal branch and the necrosis limited inside the lumen;while in PTSTMA group, the vessel wall of was discontinued and some necrosis materials move out to from lumen. Conclusion: Both PTSMA and PTSTMA were effective for alcohol septal ablation in different coronary septal branches, the impacts on cardiac function and hemodynamic changes were similar in experimental canines.

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