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Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 348-352, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808484


Objective@#Influenza H1N1 subtype vaccine candidate strains from a 2015—2016 year epidemic strain in China were prepared and identified by themethod of classical reassortment.@*Methods@#The influenza H1N1 epidemic strain and H3N2 high-yield reassortant parental strain (X-157) were mixed and inoculated into embryonated chicken eggs by the classical reassortmentmethod . The negative selection of mixed culture virus was carried out with the antiserum of H3 protein and the antiserum of X-157 strain. Real-time PCRmethod was used to test the HA and NA genes. Restriction enzyme digestionmethod was used to identify the internal genes. HA and NA genes of selected strains were sequenced. The strain which HA and NA genes possessed the same amino acid constitution with the wild type virus was selected and immunized to ferret. Two-way test was carried out.@*Results@#Five strains with expected HA and NA genes were selected by real-time PCR. Internal genes were identified, with 4 strains had 6+ 2 constitution, 1 strain had 5+ 3 constitution. Comparing with the wild type virus, HA and NA genes of the 5 strains had no mutation. HA titer of reassortant strains was above 1 024. HI titer of the selected NO.12 reassortment strain reached 5 120, and two-way test was passed. The yield of reassortant strain was 64 times that of the wild type strain.@*Conclusions@#A circulating influenza A (H1N1) strain of influenza A (2015—2016) was successfully prepared in China and laid the foundation for vaccine storage and disease prevention and control.

Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 222-228, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296193


Interferon-induced Transmembrane Proteins (IFITMs) were identified through small interference RNA (siRNA) screening method in 1980s. The antiviral properties of the IFITMs were firstly discovered in 1996. Recently, its antiviral effect and mechanism have become a research hotspot. Many studies have shown that IFITM can inhibit the replication of multiple pathogenic viruses, including influenza A virus (IAV), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1), hepatitis C virus (HCV), Ebola virus (EBOV), West Nile virus and so on. IFITMs inhibit the replication of virus in the early stage of the viral life cycle, which occurred before the release of viral genomes into the cytosol. Recent studies indicate that IFITM proteins could block viral replication by mediate viral membrane fusion. However, the mechanism is still under investigation. Here we review the discovery and characterization of the IFITM proteins, elucidate their antiviral activities and the potential mechanisms.

Animals , Humans , Interferons , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virus Diseases , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Viruses , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1068-1073, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292170


On the basis of successful cloning the full length hemagglulinin (HA) and neuramidinase (NA) gene and sequence analysis of influenza virus H1N1, part of the gene was ligated into pMETA. Expression vectors pMETA/HA (52-1 557 bp) and pMETA/NA (121-1 263 bp) were constructed and expressed in pMAD16 induced by methanol. Recombinant protein was purified through Ni2+ affinity chromatography. Western blotting and ELISA were used to determine the antigenic activity of the recombinant protein. SDS-PAGE showed that the recombinant capsid gene could be overexpressed in Pichia methanolica. ELISA and Western blotting showed that the recombinant protein had antigenicity.

Cloning, Molecular , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Hemagglutinins , Genetics , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Genetics , Neuraminidase , Genetics , Pichia , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology