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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712117


Objective To improve the efficiency of result reporting and ensure the accuracy of the results by establishing autoverification system in Clinical Chemistry and Immunology Laboratory.Methods The study followed the requirements of the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI)AUTO-10A and ISO 15189:2012.In addition,seven categories of verification rules were encoded using the autoverification function of the CentraLink?Data Management System on the Aptio?Automation platform.These rules included Clinical Diagnostic Standard(CS), Sample Status(SS), Quality Control Severity(QS), Instrument Error Flags Severity(IS), Normal Severity(NS), Delta Check Severity(DS), and Logical Assessment Standard(LS).Various modules of Aptio Automation,laboratory information system(LIS)and hospital information system(HIS)were integrated using the CentraLink system to establish the autoverification system.Results The autoverification system was set up and tested from August 2015 to April 2016.In total, the system ran 4 496 425 tests on 366 180 chemistry specimens.The overall autoverification rate for tests performed increased from 53.4% to 87.0%.Glucose had the highest rate (98.3%)while CKMB had the lowest rate(63.6%).Average TAT for result verification decreased by 97.7%,from 46.3 minutes to 3.7 minutes.The system ran 410,040 tests on 160 119 chemiluminescence specimens.The autoverification rate for tests performed increased from 40.2%to 89%.C-P had the highest rate(98.4%)while A-TPO had the lowest rate(58.7%).Average TAT for result verification decreased by 77.4%,from 14.6 minutes to 3.3 minutes.From May 2016 to January 2017(when autoverification was employed),compared with the same period in 2014(when manual verification was employed),the following changes were observed with no increase in staff capacity:a)Volume of routine chemistry tests increased by 46.4%,and median TAT for tests decreased by 41.9%, from 118 minutes to 83 minutes; b)Volume of chemiluminescence tests increased by 24.5%and median median TAT for tests decreased by 52.4%, from 131 minutes to 86 minutes;c)Median TAT for critical values decreased by 50.5%; d)Rates of tests that did not go through autoverification were 88.2% for NS,6.05% for SS, 2.40% for DS,2.00% for LS, 0.97%for IS,and 0.43% for CS; e)Rates of abnormal specimen status identified by Aptio Automation were 7.13‰for jaundice,5.39‰ for blood lipids,2.20‰ for hemolysis,0.17‰ for barcode error, and 0.15‰ for insufficiency;f)Error rate decreased to 0.00%;and g)staff satisfaction increased from 85%to 100%.Conclusion Autoverification of results by using the CentraLink Data Management System can achieve quality control over the entire process of clinical laboratory testing, ensure accuracy of test results, improve work efficiency, decrease TAT, minimize the error rate, avoid skill variation of staff, reduce the pressure of performing manual verification,and improve medical security.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498627


Objective To investigate the precision, trueness, and accuracy of self-developed detection system in clinical chemistry.Methods This was a methodological evaluation.Take serum creatine kinase( CK) for instance, 6 serum sampleswith different leves ( on the upper or lower limit of the reference range or close to the medicine decide levels ( MDLs) , were collected for within-run precision( repeatability) and within-laboratory precision ( intermediate precision ) experiments.5 proficiency testing ( PT ) samples, 5 samples assigned value by reference method, and 40 fresh-frozen serums were measured and compared with reference method for trueness verification.Drawing method evaluation decision chart, calculating total errors and sigma level evaluation experiment based on the CV, bias, and allowed total errors(TEa)were used to evaluate the accuracy performance.The precision, trueness, and accuracy were compared with the quality indicators.Results The within-run precision and within-laboratory precision were less than the highest requirement of Chinese industrial standard.The mean bias was -8.96%, didn′t reachthe required standard (5.5%).After taking corrective actions, all samples but one ( -5.8%) met the required standard. Compared with the reference method, the mean bias on the MDLs was less than TEa.The performance points of the method evaluation decision chart indicated excellence performance.The total errors on MDLs were 14.2%, 10.4% and 7.6%, less than 15%.The sigma levels on MDLs were 5.9, 7.5 and 15, also achieved excellent level. Conclusions The precision, trueness, and accuracy performance of CK measured by self-developed detection system achieved excellent level of the Chinese industry standard, and the same results were found from different evaluation methods.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508829


Objective To estimate the methodology for evaluating the analytical measurement range ( AMR) and the clinically reportable range ( CRR) in lab-developed system in clinical chemistry .Methods Method evaluation .Take serum CK for instance , a series of samples were prepared from both a specimen with a high concentration of the analyte of interest and a specimen with a low concentration for the following assays.Average slope method , linear dilution recovery method and the method recommended by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute ( CLSI ) EP6-A were used to established AMR in the lab-developed clinical chemistry system.Based on the maximum valid dilution of the specimen and the results of AMR , CRR were determined.One-half of the total error allowance ( TEa) of Chinese health standard was set up as allowance error (7.5%).Results X-Y scatter plot was made by assigning sample numbers to the horizontal axis and actual measured values to the vertical axis , which determined the upper limit of AMR was approximate 1 651 U/L.The results analyzed by average slope method indicated that the linear correlation between expected values and actual measured values was determined , the correlation (r), the intercept (a) and the slope (b) met the linear standard, and AMR was 5-1 699 U/L.The results analyzed by EP6-A indicated that the best fitting curve was obtained by using cubic polynomial method , and the linearity deviation of the minimum concentration was -77.1%, which exceeded one-half of TEa.Followed by the deletion of the maximum concentration , the resumed experiment was done .The results showed that the nonlinear coefficient c of quadratic polynomial and the nonlinear coefficient c and d of cubic polynomial have no significant difference to 0, and AMR was 7.5-1 458.0 U/L.By linear dilution recovery method , the linear correlation between expected values and actual measured values was determined , the correlation ( r) , the intercept ( a) and the slope ( b) met the linear standard , the recovery rates was between 100.0%and 104.8%, and AMR is 5 -1 699 U/L.The CRR was determined to be 5 -33 880 U/L, which met the standard of TEa . Conclusions Average slope method, linear dilution recovery method and EP 6-A method were all used to established AMR in lab-developed clinical chemistry system .Without complicated statistical analysis , linear dilution recovery method was suitable for clinical use .The linearity deviation of the minimum concentration analyzed by EP6-A did not meet the standard of the quality objective system , suggesting defects in the statistical analysis of the results .CRR was feasibly determined by using linear dilution recovery method align with AMR.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481745


BACKGROUND:Recent studies have found that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels that culturedin vitro for a long time can naturaly differentiate into neural stem cels, which then differentiate into neurons and glial cels, thereby providing a new therapeutic thinking for Parkinson’s disease, sequela of cerebral infarction, cerebelar atrophy and brain dysplasia. OBJECTIVE:To discuss the influence of neural stem cel transplantation on neurologic function of rats with cerebral hemorrhage at recovery stage and the relevant mechanism of action. METHODS: Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group (n=18), cerebral hemorrhage group (n=21) and transplantation group (n=21). Cerebral hemorrhage models were established in the latter two groups using VII type colagen enzyme induction method. At 21 days of modeling, rats in the transplantation group were injected neural stem cels via the tail vein, and those in the other two groups received the same volume of normal saline. At 7, 14, 21 days after cel transplantation, modified adhesive removal test (MST) was employed to evaluate the neurologic function of rats, and then the rats were kiled. RT-PCR was used to detect angiopoietin-1 mRNA expression in the bleeding tissues, and western blot assay was employed to measure tyrosine kinase receptor-2 protein expression. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the normal group, the MST scores in the cerebral hemorrhage group and transplantation group were significantly decreased (P cerebral hemorrhage group > normal group, and there was a significant difference among the three groups (P< 0.05). These findings indicate that neural stem cel transplantation can effectively promote the neurologic recovery of rats with cerebral hemorrhage at recovery stage, and the concrete mechanism may be related to the increase of angiopoietin-1 mRNA and tyrosine kinase receptor-2 protein in the bleeding tissues.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518281


Objective To compare two methods of patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) with 0 2% ropivacaine plus fentanyl 2?g?ml -1 with or without background infusion for labor Methods Ninety ASA Ⅰ Ⅱ full term primigravidae in active labor who had a single fetus with vertex presentation and were expected to have vaginal delivery were randomly divided into three groups of 30 each: group A received PCEA without background infusion; group B received PCEA with background infusion and group C received no analgesia of any kind and served as control PCEA included a bolus of 4 ml with a 15 minute lock out When the primigravida was in first stage of labor, an intravenous line was established and 5% glucose normal saline 500 1000 ml was being infused When the external cervical os was dilated to 3 cm, epidural catheter was placed at L 2 3 and a test dose of 4 ml was given 5 min later when no signs of subarachnoid injection was evident, block height was tested by pinprick and another 6 ml was given 30 min later in group B background infusion of 0 2% ropivacaine + fentanyl 2?g?ml -1 was started at a rate of 4 ml?h -1 until the second stage of labor began Maternal vital signs (BP, ECG, SpO 2, P ET CO 2), VAS scores, degree of motor block, drug consumption, side effects of PCEA, gas analysis of umbilical venous blood, progress of labor, and Apgar scores were noted Venous blood samples were taken before PCEA and at the end of first stage of labor for determination of serum epinephrine and norepinephrine levels Results There were no significant differences in Apgar scores, blood gas of umbilical venous blood and the durations of first and second stage of labor among the three groups There were no differences in VAS scores, degree of sensory and motor block, serum concentrations of epinephrine and norepinephrine and percentage of cesarean section between group A and B The percentage of cesarean section was significantly higher in control group than that in group A and B Plasma NE and E concentrations at the end of the first stage of labor were significantly higher in control group than those in group A and B The ropivacaine and fentanyl consumption was less and the incidence of itching and percentage of instrumental delivery were lower in group A than those in group B Conclusions PCEA with 0 2% ropivacaine and fentanyl 2?g?ml -1 was safe and effective It reduces the percentage of cesarean section PCEA without background infusion provides the same level of analgesia as PCEA with background infusion with less drugs and side effects