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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 626-630, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927252

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the sleep status among primary and middle school students in Zhoushan City, Zhejiang Province, so as to provide insights into improving the sleep quality among primary and middle school students.@*Methods@#A district and a county was selected using the cluster random sampling method from Zhoushan City in October, 2019, and grades 4 to 6 primary school students, junior high school and high school students were sampled as the study subjects. Students' gender, grade, residing in schools, duration of homework and duration of extracurricular classes were collected using the questionnaires of the 2019 national program for common diseases and health risk factors surveillance and intervention program among Chinese students. According to the Plan for the Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Myopia among Children and Adolescents, daily sleep duration of 10 h and longer among primary school students, 9 h and longer among junior high school students and 8 h and longer among high school students were defined as adequate sleep, and the proportion of adequate sleep was estimated among primary and middle school students.@*Results@#Totally 3 042 students were enrolled, including 1 587 boys (52.17%) and 1 455 girls (47.83%), 996 primary school students (32.74%), 1 030 junior high school students (33.86%), 758 ordinary high school students (24.92%) and 258 vocational high school students (8.48%). The mean sleep duration was (9.23±1.10) h among primary school students, (8.09±1.05) h among junior high school students, (7.20±1.26) h among ordinary high school students and (7.97±1.03) h among vocational high school students, respectively, and the proportion of adequate sleep was 26.31% among primary school students, 22.82% among junior high school students, 22.56% among ordinary high school students and 66.67% among vocational high school students, respectively. A relatively higher proportion of adequate sleep was seen among primary school students in Grade 4 (33.63%) and with homework duration of less than 1 h (34.53%); among junior high school students in Grade 1 (37.76%), residing in schools (40.00%), studying in county schools (30.87%), with homework duration of less than 1 h (34.69%) and less than 1 h duration of extracurricular classes (33.33%); among male ordinary high school students (28.03%), and ordinary high school students in Grade 1 (28.30%), residing in schools (26.18%) and studying in district schools (25.83%); among male vocational high school students (69.06%) and vocational high school students residing in schools (73.14%).@*Conclusion@#The proportion of adequate sleep is low among primary and middle school students in Zhoushan City. The homework duration and duration of extracurricular classes are recommended to be reduced to ensure adequate sleep among primary and middle school students.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923972

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the current situation of chronic diseases among island residents who have drunken desalinated water for a long time, and to reveal the relationship between drinking desalinated water and water from other sources and the prevalence of chronic diseases among the population. Methods According to the different drinking water sources of island residents, the research subjects were divided into seawater desalination group (residents of Gouqi Township, Shengsi County), mixed water source group (residents of Shengshan Town, Shengsi County) and freshwater group (residents of Huanglong Township, Shengsi County). Through the chronic disease network report and resident health file system, the current situation of chronic diseases in different water groups was investigated and analyzed. Results There were significant differences in the prevalence of malignant tumor among drinking water sources ( χ 2=23.867, P <0.001), with the prevalence of mixed water group >desalination group >fresh water group. There were significant differences in the prevalence of coronary heart disease ( χ 2=194.883, P <0.001), with the prevalence of mixed water group >desalination group >fresh water group. There were significant differences in the prevalence of stroke ( χ 2=35.637, P <0.001), with the prevalence of fresh water group > mixed water group > desalination group. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus ( χ 2=2.808, P =0.246), but there was significant difference in the age of onset of diabetes mellitus ( χ 2=7.368, P =0.001), and significant difference in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the age group ≥55 ( χ 2=17.144, P <0.001), and the onset age and prevalence were all in the order of fresh water group > desalination group > mixed water source group. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension ( χ 2=3.962, P =0.138), but there was significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension in the age group ≥55 ( χ 2=20.734, P <0.001), with the prevalence of fresh water group > desalination group > mixed water source group. Conclusion Long-term consumption of desalinated water by residents is correlated with malignant tumors, coronary heart disease and stroke, and has no correlation with diabetes and hypertension.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923950

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the current situation of chronic diseases among island residents who have drunken desalinated water for a long time, and to reveal the relationship between drinking desalinated water and water from other sources and the prevalence of chronic diseases among the population. Methods According to the different drinking water sources of island residents, the research subjects were divided into seawater desalination group (residents of Gouqi Township, Shengsi County), mixed water source group (residents of Shengshan Town, Shengsi County) and freshwater group (residents of Huanglong Township, Shengsi County). Through the chronic disease network report and resident health file system, the current situation of chronic diseases in different water groups was investigated and analyzed. Results There were significant differences in the prevalence of malignant tumor among drinking water sources ( χ 2=23.867, P <0.001), with the prevalence of mixed water group >desalination group >fresh water group. There were significant differences in the prevalence of coronary heart disease ( χ 2=194.883, P <0.001), with the prevalence of mixed water group >desalination group >fresh water group. There were significant differences in the prevalence of stroke ( χ 2=35.637, P <0.001), with the prevalence of fresh water group > mixed water group > desalination group. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus ( χ 2=2.808, P =0.246), but there was significant difference in the age of onset of diabetes mellitus ( χ 2=7.368, P =0.001), and significant difference in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the age group ≥55 ( χ 2=17.144, P <0.001), and the onset age and prevalence were all in the order of fresh water group > desalination group > mixed water source group. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension ( χ 2=3.962, P =0.138), but there was significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension in the age group ≥55 ( χ 2=20.734, P <0.001), with the prevalence of fresh water group > desalination group > mixed water source group. Conclusion Long-term consumption of desalinated water by residents is correlated with malignant tumors, coronary heart disease and stroke, and has no correlation with diabetes and hypertension.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907564

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of thioredoxin domain containing protein 5 (TXNDC5)-peroxiredoxin 2 (Prx2) on the drug resistance of prostate cancer cells.Methods:Prostate cancer PC3 cells were cultured in vitro, treated with the chemotherapy drug cyclophosphamide (5, 10, 15 μmol/L) for 24 hours, and PC3 cells without any treatment was served as the control group. The expression levels of TXNDC5 in PC3 cells were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. PC3 cells with TXNDC5 knocking down were exposed by cyclophosphamide and CCK-8 was used to detect the cell viability of siTXNDC5 group and siNC group. The content of reactive oxygen free radicals was determined by reactive oxygen detection kit. PC3 cells and its parental cyclophosphamide-resistant ones with TXNDC5 knocking down were treated by 10 μmol/L cyclophosphamide and subjected for CCK8 assay. The expression of Prx2 in PC3 cells was detected by Western blotting after TXNDC5 was silenced. Prx2 expression was silenced in PC3 cells overexpressing TXNDC5, and cell viability and reactive oxygen free radical content were detected in Vec-Ctrl group, pcTXNDC5 group, siNC group, siPrx2 group and pcTXNDC5+ siPrx2 group. Results:Compared with the control group, cyclophosphamide treatment significantly increased the expression of TXNDC5 at mRNA and protein levels in PC3 cells. After PC3 cells were treated with cyclophosphamide (10, 15 μmol/L) for 12 h, compared with the siNC group, the cell viability in the siTXNDC5 group was significantly suppressed (0.44±0.08 vs. 0.74±0.10, t=3.647, P=0.031; 0.30±0.04 vs. 0.53±0.06, t=6.115, P=0.006). When PC3 cells were treated with 10 μmol/L cyclophosphamide for 6 and 12 h, compared with the siNC group, the production of reactive oxygen free radicals in the siTXNDC5 group was significantly increased (2.68±0.19 vs. 1.58±0.26, t=-6.027, P=0.005; 4.56±0.37 vs. 2.73±0.26, t=-6.995, P=0.003). When PC3 cells and its cyclophosphamide-resistant ones were treated with 10 μmol/L cyclophosphamide for 12 h, compared with the siNC group, the cell viability was significantly inhibited in the siTXNDC5 group. Western blotting analysis showed that the expression of Prx2 was significantly reduced when TXNDC5 was silenced. Silencing Prx2 could significantly attenuate the increase of cell viability and the decrease of reactive oxygen content resulting from TXNDC5 overexpression. PC3 cells were treated with 10 μmol/L cyclophosphamide for 12 h, and the cell viabilities of the Vec-Ctrl group, pcTXNDC5 group, siNC group, siPrx2 group and pcTXNDC5+ siPrx2 group were 0.52±0.07, 0.69±0.03, 0.56±0.05, 0.43±0.05, 0.58±0.07, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference ( F=8.868, P=0.003). Furthermore, the cell viability in the pcTXNDC5+ siPrx2 group decreased significantly when compared to that of the pcTXNDC5 group ( P=0.045). The contents of reactive oxygen free radicals in the above 5 groups were 3.26±0.46, 2.09±0.49, 3.16±0.38, 4.62±0.26, 2.87±0.36, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference ( F=16.037, P<0.001). The content of reactive oxygen radicals in the pcTXNDC5+ siPrx2 group was higher than that of the pcTXNDC5 group ( P=0.036). Conclusion:TXNDC5 can reduce the level of reactive oxygen free radicals in prostate cancer cells by regulating the expression of Prx2, so as to promote the drug resistance of prostate cancer cells.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1190-1197, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects and m echanism of oleanolic acid on inhibiting the proliferation ,invasion and metastasis of human ovarian cancer SKOV 3 cells. METHODS :CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effects of different concentrations of oleanolic acid (10,20,40,60,80,100 μmol/L)on the proliferation of ovarian cancer SKOV 3 cells at 12,24, 36 and 48 h. The effects of low-dose and high-dose of oleanolic acid (20,40 μmol/L)on the metastasis and invasion ability of SKOV3 cells for 24 h were observed in Transwell assay. Western blotting assay was used to detect the effects of low-dose and high-dose of oleanolic acid on the protein expression of NF-κB p65,PRL-3,TNF-α,IL-6 and E-cadherin in SKOV 3 cells. Through LPS induction and NF-κB p65 plasmid transfection ,Western blotting and RT-qPCR assay were used to investigate the effects of low-dose and high-dose oleanolic acid on the expression of NF-κB/PRL-3 pathway related proteins and their mRNA. RESULTS : With the increase of the concentration and action time of oleanolic acid ,the proliferation capacity of ovarian cancer SKOV 3 cells was decreased ,the surval rates of administration groups were significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). Low-dose and high-dose of oleanolic acid could significantly reduce the number of migrating and invading cells (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The protein relative expression of NF-κB p65,PRL-3,TNF-α and IL-6 in SKOV 3 cells were significantly decreased , while the protein relative expression of E-cadherin was significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). After LPS induction ,protein and mRNA relative expression of NF-κB p65,PRL-3,TNF-α and IL-6 were increased significantly in LPS model group ,while protein and mRNA relative expression of E-cadherin were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The protein and mRNA relative expression of NF-κ B p65,PRL-3,TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly decreased ,and protein and mRNA relative expression of E-cadherin were significantly increased in low-dose and high-dose of oleanolic acid group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In SKOV3 cells with over-expressed NF-κB p65,low-dose and high-dose of oleanolic acid c ould significantly down-regulat the proteinexpression of NF-κ B p65,PRL-3,TNF-α and IL-6,while upregult the protein relative expression of E-cadherin (P<0.05 E-mail:122821905@qq.com or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS : Oleanolic acid can inhibit SKOV3 cells proliferation,invasion and metastasis by regulating NF-κB/PRL-3 signaling pathway.

6.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 113-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815969

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To study the epidemiological characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Zhoushan, so as to provide reference for improving the prevention and control capability of COVID-19.@*Methods @#All the confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Zhoushan, diagnosed according to China’s “COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment plan (fifth version) ” and reported from January 19 to February 17, 2020, were extracted from the infectious disease surveillance system. Data of general information, clinical characteristics, laboratory Results, transmission and detection routes were collected and analyzed. @*Results @#By February 17, Ten confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Zhoushan had been reported, including 7 males and 3 females. They were all adults, with an average age of (50.90±15.00) years. Five cases were discharged. The incubation period ranged from 2 to 12 days, with a median of 5 days. The first symptoms were fever (8 cases), cough (7 cases) and muscle pain (2 cases). Chest computed tomographic (CT) scans showed ground glass opacities in the lungs of all the cases. Six cases had Wuhan related exposure. SARS-CoV-2 was tested positive in the sputum specimens or throat swabs of all the cases and the faeces of 4 cases. The last suspicious exposure of 5 cases occurred before, and that of another 5 cases occurred after the onset of clinical symptoms in the confirmed maternal cases. Three cases were found in active consultation after clinical symptoms, and another 7 cases were found in the monitoring of close contacts.@*Conclusions @#The 10 confirmed cases of COVID-19 reported in Zhoushan are all adults, and most have Wuhan related exposure. SARS-CoV-2 can be detected in the fecal samples, but the existence of fecal-oral transmission needs more research. SARS-CoV-2 has strong infectivity, and may also have infectivity before the onset of symptoms (at the end of incubation period). Isolation and early detection of close contacts are conducive for early case-finding.

7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 982-986, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815937

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the concentrations and source of SO42-,NO3-,Cl- and NH4+ in atmospheric PM2.5 in Zhoushan,and to provide reference for controlling PM2.5 and formulating effective environmental protection measures.@*Methods@#Monitoring sites in new districts of Zhoushan were set up to continuously collect PM2.5 from 10th to 16th of each month and under the hazy weather during 2015-2016(AQI > 200). The mass concentration of PM2.5 was measured by weighing method,and the concentrations of SO42-,NO3-,Cl- and NH4+ in PM2.5 components was detected by ion chromatography. @*Results@#The average daily concentration of PM2.5 in Zhoushan from 2015 to 2016 was(40.91±27.39)μg/m3. The concentration of the four water-soluble non-metal ions in PM2.5 components was 3.56-103.03 μg/m3,with an average of(23.06±20.00)μg/m3,accounting for about 56.64% of PM2.5 contents. The average monthly concentration of SO42- was the highest[(10.35±6.48)μg/m3],while the average monthly concentration of Cl- was the lowest [(0.49±0.73)μg/m3]. The concentration of the four ions was the highest in winter[(37.56±27.74)μg/m3]and the lowest in summer[(12.32±5.88)μg/m3]. The differences between different seasons was statistically significant(P<0.05). The highest concentration of NO3- occurred in winter,which was(14.48±13.28)μg/m3. The concentration ratio of NO3- to SO42- ranged from 0 to 2.58,with an average of 0.55. There were 28 days(14.74%)with the ratio greater than one,22 days of which was in winter.@*Conclusion@#The concentration of SO42- was the highest and Cl- was the lowest in atmospheric PM2.5 in Zhoushan. The highest concentration of the four ions occurred in winter. The concentration of NO3- in winter was higher than that of SO42-,suggesting that motor vehicle exhaust might be the main source of PM2.5 in winter.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 573-577, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815883

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To explore the correlation between air pollution and outpatient visits,and to provide evidence for health risk assessment of air pollutants and intervention. @*Methods @#The data of air pollutants and outpatient visits in 2016 in Zhoushan Hospital were collected,and the outpatient volume on the days when the concentration of air pollutants reached and exceeded the standard were compared. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to explore the relationship between outpatient volume and the concentration of air pollutants. @*Results @#In 2016,the median(inter-quartile range)of daily outpatient volume in Zhoushan Hospital was 3 304(1 638)person-times. O3,PM2.5 and PM10 were the primary air pollutants in Zhoushan in 2016. The average daily outpatient volume of internal medicine,circulatory system,other diseases and all when the air was polluted at light level or above were higher than those when the air quality was good(P< 0.05). CO concentration was positively correlated with the average daily outpatient volume of respiratory system and circulatory system(P< 0.05),was negatively correlated with the average daily outpatient volume of all(P< 0.05). O3-8 h concentration was positively correlated with the average daily outpatient volume of internal medicine,other diseases and all(P< 0.05),and was negatively correlated with the average daily outpatient volume of respiratory system and pediatrics(P< 0.05). SO2 concentration was negatively correlated with the average daily outpatient volume of respiratory system,skin and subcutaneous tissue(P< 0.05). The concentration of NO2,PM10 and PM2.5 were positively correlated with the average daily outpatient volume of respiratory system and pediatrics(P< 0.05). @*Conclusion @#The main air pollutants in Zhoushan were O3,PM2.5 and PM10. When they exceed the limits,the outpatient volume would increase.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1195-1203, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708643

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze histomorphometrical characteristics of the bone and bone marrow tissues of the lumbar vertebrae in rabbits with fluoride treatment,and its correlation with signal intensity of MRI.Methods Forty New Zealand albino rabbits aged three months old were randomly divided into fluoride exposure of 30 cases and control of 10 cases,male and female,half each.One hundred milligrams of sodium fluoride were added to the municipal water each liter (fluoride content 100 mg/L) as drinking waterto fluorine for 180 days.Twenty-four of 30 cases with fluoride exposure had complete data (male10 casesand female14 cases).The same municipal water was used as control drinking water (fluoride content < 0.9 mg/L).Eight of 10 cases with control had complete data (male andfemale in half).Twenty-four cases with fluoride treatment and complete data were classified into sensitive and resistant type according to the MRI signal intensity of the lumbar vertebra.Histomorphometrics of the vertebra and its correlation with the MRI signal intensity,and sensitivity in early diagnosis of osteofluorosis and feasibility of susceptibility to osteofluorosis detected with MRI were analyzed.Results Theratios of trabecular bone volume (BV),hematopoietic cell volume (HV) and fluid volume (FV) in bone marrow tissue to total cavernous tissue volume (TT) in group with fluoride treatment were 18.3%±2.6%,45.2%±6.0% and 10.4%±5.7% respectively.These were 14.5%±2.8%,36.3%±7.3% and 6.2%±2.1% in control group respectively.These parameters in fluoride group were significantly increased compared to control group.The ratio 26.0%± 8.0% of adipocyte volume (AV) to TV in fluoride group was significantly lower than that 43.3%±5.6% in control group.Two of 24 cases with fluoride exposure (8.3%,2/24) were sensitive and the remaining 22 (91.7%,22/24) were in resistance.The valuesof BV/TT,HV/TV and FV/TV were considered to be sensitive,resistant and control from large to small,while AV/TV value were opposite.A comparison resuhs of signal intensity in MRI showed that vertebra T1WI contrast to noise ratio (CNR) in the sensitive was the minimum (3.0±0.8),followed by resistance (21.3±3.8) andmaximum in the control (28.3±3.1),but CNR of FsT2WIwas opposite.There were positive associations between T1WI and AV/TV,FV/TV and BV/TV,and between FsT2WI and FV/TV and BV/ TV.There were inverse associationsbetween FsT2WI and AV/TV.Theoptimal threshold value of the vertebra T1WI CNR was 23.2 or lessin early diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis,with sensitivity of 83.3% and specificity of 100%.FsT2WI was 5.7 or more,with sensitivity of 45.8% and specificity of 100%.Conclusion The pathogenesis of osteofluorosis is relative to changes in bone marrow microenvironment and cells number in bone marrow tissue,and is correlated to MRI signal intensity.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806377

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report the clinical and pathological features of primary proximal epithelioid sarcoma (PES) in skull base.@*Methods@#The clinical and pathological features of four cases of PES in skull base from Sanbo Brain Institute of Capital Medical University and Kunming Sanbo Brain Institute were analysed retrospectively.@*Results@#Three cases was female, and one male, the age ranged from 46 to 52 years.All cases occurred in skull base, and sellar region was the main site of involvement.Under the microscope, the tumor cells characterized by epithelioid cell changes, with or without rhabdoid tumor cells.Mitotic figure was active.Immunohistochemical staining showed that AE1/AE3, EMA and CD34 were variously expression in tumor cells.INI-1 protein was lost in all cases.Three cases were detected by FISH, and INI1 (22q11.2) gene locus was absent in them.Three patients died less than 3 months after surgery, and case 4 was under treatment after five months of surgery.@*Conclusions@#Primary PES in skull base mostly occurs in sellar region and its clinical prognosis is poor.It features with epithelioid/rhabdoid tumor cells with lack granuloma structure as distal ES.It has epithelial and mesenchymal differentiation characteristics.CD34 is always positive.INI1 gene deletion and protein loss expression are characteristic molecular alteration of PES.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697269

ABSTRACT

Based on the latest research results at home and abroad, the article first describes the epidemiological status of thyroid diseases in pregnancy, and then points out the function and importance of health education. Then by analyzing the three health education modes of the disease, this paper brings forward the information technology platform model. Finally, it discusses the current problems in the health education of the disease. And on this basis, it gives some advice on the development of health education in patients with thyroid diseases during pregnancy in our country, in order to provide a reference for effective improvement of adverse pregnancy outcomes and the realization of prenatal and postnatal care.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694434

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of CD3+,CD4+,CD8+T lymphocytes and CD19+B lymphocytes on the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS).Methods According to Berlin definition Of ARDS in 2012,34 patients with ARDS admitted in the Department of ICU of Central Hospital of Baoji from January,2016 to January,2017 were enrolled in this study as study group(ARDS group).At the same time,22 healthy subjects were recruited as control group.Clinical data of ARDS patients were collected,and the survivors were followed up.The ARDS patients were divided into moderate group(n=20) and severe group (n=14) according to clinical settings on the first day after diagnosis of ARDS and Berlin Definition of ARDS in 2012,and at the same time they were also dividedinto two groups according to the outcome followed up for 28 days:non-survival group(n=14) and survival group(n =20).Sample of 3 mL peripheral venous blood of ARDS patients was collected on an empty stomach in the early morning on the first day after diagnosis of ARDS and the blood samples of healthy subjects were also collected on the first day to measure the level of CD3+,CD4+,CD8+T cells and CD19+ B cell in peripheral venous blood by flow cytometry.Comparison of CD3+,CD4+,CD8+ T cells and CD 19+ B cell numbers were carried out between ARDS group and control group on the first day after diagnosis of ARDS,and between moderate group and severe group as well as between survival group and nonsurvival group.The risk factors associated with ARDS were analyzed using logistic regression analysis.Results On the first day after diagnosis of ARDS,there were significant differences in serum Lac and pre-albumin between survival group and non-survival group(P<0.05).The numbers of CD3+,CD4+T cells and CD19+B cell of peripheral venous serum in ARDS group were significantly lower than those in control group(P<0.05),while there was no significant difference in CD8+ T cell number between ARDS group and control group (P>0.05).There were statistically significant differences in numbers of CD3+,CD4+,CD8+T cells and CD19+B cell between moderate group and severe group and as well as between survival group and non-survival group(P<0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that CD19+B cell (OR=0.614,95%CI:0.416-0.907,P=0.014) level on the first day after diagnosis of ARDS was related with the risk of prognosis of ARDS.The ROC of CD19+B cell had area under curve(AUC) of 0.907,and the cut-off value of CD19+B cell in the survival followed up for 28 day's was 12.59%.Conclusions CD3+,CD4+,CD8+T cells and CD19+B cell level of peripheral venous serum in ARDS patients can be helpful for the assess of ARDS severity of patients in the early stage,and for prognosis judgment,especially CD 19+B cell is more remarkable.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693466

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between total serum IgG concentration and tumor progression in patients with gastric cancer.Methods From January 2010 to May 2017,a total of 90 patients with gastric cancer in Sun Simiao Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine were enrolled as study subjects and 90 age-and-sex-matched adults from normal physical examination were enrolled as control subjects.The serum IgG subgroup and total IgG concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The relationships between serum IgG concentration in patients with gastric cancer and clinicopathologic features were analyzed.The numbers of plasma cells with CD138 antibody in both tumor and non-cancerous tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemistry.Results The total serum IgG concentration in patients with gastric cancer was significantly lower than that in healthy control group [(923.6±290.5) mg/dl vs.(1 072.5 ±298.6) mg/dl],with a significant difference (t =3.391,P =0.001).The total serum IgG and IgG1 concentrations were correlated with lymphatic metastasis (t =3.585,P < 0.001;t =3.545,P < 0.001) and gastric cancer stages (t =3.669,P <0.001;t =3.401,P <0.001).Furthermore,the CD138 + plasma cells in tumor tissues were significantly fewer than those in non-cancerous gastric mucosa (88.7 ± 31.9 vs.108.5 ± 33.4),with significant differences (t =2.778,P =0.007).Multivariate analysis suggested that total serum IgG concentration (HR =0.411,95% CI:0.094-0.989,P =0.011) and lymph node metastasis (HR =3.148,95% CI:1.988-5.297,P < 0.001) were independent predictors for poor prognosis.Conclusion Decreased total serum IgG concentration is closely related to tumor progression and poor prognosis in patients with gastric cancer,which indicates that the impaired humoral immunity is associated with tumor progression.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505723

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the effect of low-dose heparin on endothelial function by detecting the change of yon Willebrand factor (vWF) in blood plasma of patients with sepsis shock after treatment with low-dose heparin in order to observe organ function and prognosis of patients.Methods A total of 118 patients with sepsis shock were randomized into low-dose heparin group and control group.In addition to the routine treatment,the patients in low-dose heparin group were given low-dose heparin,while those in control group were not.The levels of APTT,PT,platelet (PLT) count,hepatic function and renal function were determined before and after treatment in two groups,and hemorrhagic events or other complications were recorded.The lengths of stay in ICU and in hospital,the days of mechanical ventilation and the rates of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS),disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and 28-day survival rate in the two groups were documented.The levels of vWF in patients of two groups were determined by using immunoturbidimetry before and after treatment.Results The rates of DIC and MODS in low-dose heparin group decreased significantly after therapy (rate of DIC,10.6% vs.26.7%,P < 0.05;rate of MODS,19.3% vs.32.0%,P < 0.05).Hepatic function and renal function in low-dose heparin group were significantly improved than that in the control group (P < 0.05),28-day survival rate in the low-dose heparin group was higher than that in the control group (78.3% vs.69.1%,P <0.05),the differences between low-dose heparin group and control group were not statistically significant in the lengths of stay in ICU and hospital,the days of mechanical ventilation and the rate of ARDS (P > 0.05).The differences in APTT,PT and PLT were not significant from pre-treatment to after treatment and between the two groups (P > 0.05).The levels of vWF in low-dose heparin group decreased significantly after therapy rather than those in control group (P < 0.05).Conclusions The endothelial function is improved in patients with sepsis shock after employment of lowdose heparin.Low-dose heparin alleviates the interaction between coagulation and inflammation,improves hepatic,renal and other important organs function,decreases the rate of MODS and increases 28-day survival rate patients with sepsis.The low-dose heparin therapy is a safe and promising treatment in sepsis patients without severe side effects.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667371

ABSTRACT

To investigate the impact of goal directed analgesia on the outcome of patients with mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit. A total of 126 patients who needed mechanical ventilation were recruited. With a method of before and after paired comparison, they were divided into two group:( 1 ) analgesia with empirical administration or control group; ( 2 ) goal directed analgesia based on critical-care pain observation tool (CPOT). Compared with the control group, after goal directed analgesia was applied, the consumption of midazolam significantly dropped from ( 368. 47 ± 27. 41 ) mg to ( 151. 27 ± 29. 31 ) mg (P<0. 05), whereas the consumption of dexmedetomidine significantly increased from ( 623. 62 ± 20. 91) μg to (812. 34 ± 22. 57) μg(P<0. 05). The median score of Richmond agitation-sedation scale increased from -3 to -1. The incidence of delirium significantly reduced from 23. 81% to 17. 46%( P<0. 05). The mean ventilator duration was significantly shortened from (168. 49 ± 11. 41) h to (142. 38 ± 13. 24) h(P<0. 05). ICU length of stay was significantly shortened from (23. 64 ± 9. 26) d to (19. 63 ± 8. 46) d ( P < 0. 05 ) . Due to the mild sedation, patients receiving goal directed analgesia report less delirium, less ventilation time and shorter ICU length of stay, suggesting that the general outcome is improved.

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Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1340-1343, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609271

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of application of PBL method on otolaryngology education for medical undergraduates.Methods Totally 61 medical undergraduates of Class 2009 at Peking Union Medical College were enrolled into this study.There are 22 males and 39 females and aged 23-26 years old.They were grouped randomly into two groups: the PBL group (n=29) and the traditional teaching method group (n=32).Questionnaires were collected and statistical analyses were conducted.Results The scores of the evaluations for education of otolaryngology after teaching were much better than those before teaching in the PBL group in most aspects according to the questionnaires (P<0.05).In traditional teaching method group, there are only few aspects` scores much better than those before teaching.Comparing the two teaching methods shows, in most aspects, the scores of PBL group are much higher than those of the traditional teaching method group.ConclusionsCombination of PBL with other teaching method will be an ideal way for medical education in otolaryngology.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503871

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone and express Staphylococcus aureus drug resistance adenylyltransferase gene in E .coli BL21 ,and to make the foundation for its function research .Methods Primers were designed on the basis of adenylyltransferase gene in gen‐bank ,PCR was used to amplify adenylyltransferase gene using Staphylococcus aureus genomic DNA as template .The obtained PCR production was attatched with pGEX‐4t‐1(+ ) plasmid ,and transformed into E .coli BL21 (DE3) .The recombinant plasmid was di‐gested by double enzyme digestion and identified by gene sequence .The recombinant protein was induced to expression by IPTG and identified by Western‐blotting .Results Using Staphylococcus aureus genome as a template ,the target fragment about 800 bp was successful amplified .After enzyme‐cutting and DNA‐sequencing ,the target fragment showed that the ORF begin with ATG ,end with TAG ,783 bp in length ,the predicted isoelectric point and molecular weight were 7 .75 and 29 × 103 ,and it was homology 99%homology with the reported sequence gene in genbank .SDS‐PAGE and Western‐blot showed the molecular weight of recombinant fusion protein was about 55 × 103 .Conclusion Adenylyltransferase gene of Staphylococcus aureus was successfully cloned and ex‐pressed in E .coli as a fusion protein ,which makes the foundation for the research of its function .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502177

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated infection during pregnancy on the expression of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and density of dendritic spines in CA1 region of the dorsal hippocampus of rat offspring,so as to explore the mechanisms for learning and memory injury of rat offspring which were infected during prenatal period,then to provide scientific experimental evidence for the prevention of prenatal infection-induced delayed neuropsychiatric sequelae which contributed to learning and memory dysfunction.Methods Ten-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats (n =30) were matched with male rats (1 ∶ 1).Pregnant rats were randomly divided into a control group (n =10) and an experimental group (n =20).The pregnant rats in experimental group were treated with LPS (66 μg/kg,intraperitoneally),and the pregnant rats in control group were intraperitoneally injected with same volume of saline on gestational day 10.On postnatal day 48,Morris water maze was used to estimate the ability of learning and memory;the brain tissues of offspring were taken and paraffin sections were stained with hematoxylin eosin (HE) for histological observation of CA1 region of the dorsal hippocampus;frozen sections were treated with indirect immunofluorescence to observe the expression of MR in CA1 region of the dorsal hippocampus;Golgi-Cox method was used to observe the density of dendritic spines of CA1 region.Results In Morris water maze test,from the third day the time of escape latency in experimental group [the 3rd day:(42.603 ± 9.837) s;the 4th day:(30.222 ± 9.789) s;the 5th day:(28.808 ± 12.526) s] was significantly higher than that of the control group [the 3rd day:(28.078±14.088) s;the 4th day:(20.692±13.099) s;the 5th day:(14.632 ±11.624) s] (the 3rd day:t =-3.274,P<0.01;the 4th day:t =-2.257,P <0.05;the 5th day:t =-3.213,P<0.01);the swimming time in the target quadrant [(14.660 ± 7.337) times] and the number of crossing platform [(0.933 ± 0.704) times] in experi mental group were significantly decreased compared with those of the control group [time:(23.820 ± 6.321) s;num bers:(2.000 ± 0.756) times] (t =3.663,4.000,all P < 0.01).Hematoxylin eosin staining showed that the nerve cells of the hippocampus in the control group distributed in order,nucleuses were round or oval,nucleoli were obvious,and chromatins were homogeneous;but the cells in the experimental group distributed in disorder and pathological changes were detected,such as cellular swelling,necrosis and obvious nuclear pyknosis.By immunofluorescence staining,the average optical density (AOD) of MR in CA1 region decreased significantly in the experimental group (0.067 ± 0.017) compared with that of the control group (0.083 ± 0.009) (t =2.644,P < 0.05).In Golgi-Cox method,the density of dendritic spines in experimental group [(7.705 ± 0.791)/10 μm] was below that of the control group [(9.655 ± 1.391)/10 μm] (t =3.852,P < 0.01).Conclusions LPS-mediated infection during pregnancy might lead to hippocampus-dependent learning and memory dysfunction which might be associated with the reduced expression of MR and the low density of dendritic spines in CA1 region of the dorsal hippocampus.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491880

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze histomorphometrical characteristics of bone and bone marrow tissue in the vertebral lamina of patients with osteofluorosis, and to explore the influencing factors on signal intensity in MRI. Methods Spinal MRI of 109 patients (57 men, 52 women;age range 32-80 years;mean age 52 years) with osteofluorosis from December 2001 to May 2012 was analyzed retrospectively, including 48 patients in cervical segment, 31 in thoracic segment and 30 in lumbar segment. 36 pa?tients (16 men, 20 women;mean age 51 years;age range 34-68 years) had undergone laminectomy and the vertebral lamina speci?mens were collected. The cervical MRI of 48 patients with matching gender and age (26 men, 22 women;mean age 51 years, age range 34-71 years) was selected as control group, who were from areas where fluorosis is not endemic. All patients were divided in?to vertebra low, medium and high signal groups according to T1WI of MRI. The vertebra signal to noise ratio measure and stan?dardization of signal intensity were performed. Osteosclerosis, osteoporosis and normal bone were differentiated under spinal X?ray plain film. Combined with histomorphometric analysis of vertebra lamina in 36 patients, correlation between MRI signal intensity, histomorphometric parameters of the vertebra lamina and influencing factors on signal intensity were studied. Results 77 pa?tients (70.6%, 77/109) had osteosclerosis indicated by appearance of spine under X?ray, 29 (26.6%, 29/109) osteoporosis and 3 (2.8%, 3/109) normal bone. T1WI of MRI showed 25 cases had low signal vertebra, 52 medium signal and 32 high signal. The ver? tebra SNR in patients with osteofluorosis was lower on T1WI, T2WI and short time inversion recovery (STIR) sequences, compared with control group. Those with a low versus high signal on T1WI had 6.04 times the odds of osteosclerosis (OR=6.04, 95%CI 2.44-14.91, P<0.001). Histomorphometry of vertebral lamina in 36 patients with osteofluorosis was performed, revealing that not only the trabecular bone volume had changed, but also did the adipocyte volume and hemopoietic cell volume in the bone marrow tis?sues. Compared with normal reference values, trabecular bone volume was significantly increased (47.7%± 13.3% vs. 14.7%± 4.3%) (P<0.001);adipocyte volume was significantly decreased (12.3%±9.1%vs. 50.5%±8.7%);hematopoietic cell volume was decreased (40.0%±7.0%vs. 42.5%±8.5%) (P=0.038). There were inverse associations between trabecular bone volume and adipo?cyte volume (r=-0.869, P<0.001), and between trabecular bone volume and T1WI (r=-0.851, P<0.001) found by Pearson correla?tion test. In contrast, there were positive associations between T1WI and adipocyte volume (r=0.927, P<0.001). Conclusion The vertebra T1WI signal intensity is decreased in patients with osteofluorosis, resulting from increase of trabecular bone volume and re?duction of adipocyte volume. The vertebra STIR signal intensity is decreased, mainly caused by increase of trabecular bone volume.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460988

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome (MS)is a syndrome of multiple metabolic abnormality aggregation,including over-weight,hypertension,glucose and lipid metabolic abnormality and insulin resistance etc.Some researches demon-strated that over 80% EH patients may be complicated with MS,those patients with EH+MS possess higher risk for cardio-and cerebrovascular diseases than pure EH patients.This article made an overview on research about rela-tionship between EH and MS in recent years.

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