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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 148-153, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884149

ABSTRACT

Objective:Using lasso regression analysis to screen out the blood lipid indexes closely related to coronary heart diseaseMethods:The clinical data of 3 062 patients with coronary heart disease who were hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from May 2013 to November 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.They were divided into control group ( n=2 427) and coronary angiography group ( n=635). R language was used for statistical analysis.Multiple logistic regression models were established for indicators of blood lipid related to CAD, and their multicollinearity severity was assessed.LASSO regression was used to screen out the representative lipid parameters in the CAD prediction model. Results:A total of 3 062 patients were enrolled, including 2 427 patients in coronary heart disease group and 635 patients in control group.The inclusion of lipid parameters into multiple logistic regression model leads to serious multicollinearity.Stepwise regression can only partially reduce multicollinearity severity, while LASSO regression model significantly reduces multicollinearity severity.Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) were found to be the representative lipid indexes for predicting coronary heart disease by LASSO regression analysis.Conclusion:LASSO regression has advantages in processing multicollinearity data.LASSO regression showed that LDL-C, HDL-C and non-HDL-C were representative lipid indicators for predicting coronary heart disease..

2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828747

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828583

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
4.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827018

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865192

ABSTRACT

Digestive tract reconstruction after laparoscopic total gastrectomy is one of the difficult problems faced by surgeons. The classical reconstruction method is Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy, which is mainly completed by two instruments: linear stapler and tubular stapler. Due to the advantages of wide application range and safety of anastomosis, the tubular stapler is most commonly used in clinical practice. The traditional method of esophagojejunostomy with tubular stapler is end-to-side esophagojejunostomy. Because this method is directly transplanted from open surgery, there are many difficulties in the actual operation. Semi end to end esophagojejunostomy is an improved reconstruction method with tubular stapler. It is easy to operate and has less complications. It is the optimal choice for digestive tract reconstruction after laparoscopic total gastrectomy. With the help of 4K laparoscopic system, the operation is more accurate. The authors summarize key points of digestive tract reconstruction with tubular stapler after 4K laparoscopic total gastrectomy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865190

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive surgery experienced a rapid development in the past thirty years, of which the laparoscopy has been widely used in gastrointestinal surgery. Lymph node dissection is one of the difficulties of laparoscopic radical resection of gastric cancer. The lymph node dissection along the left gastroepiploic vessels is a difficult part, which usually causes bleeding and splenic injury. This article mainly introduce the indications, contraindications, surgical preparations, the difficulties and techniques during the lymph nodes dissection when the operator stood on the left side of the patients, and perioperative complications of lymph nodes dissection along the left gastroepiploic vessels.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865183

ABSTRACT

The technique of lymph node dissection in laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy is very difficult. The surgeons should strictly grasp the operation indications, cooperate closely with the team during the operation, standardize the extent of lymph node dissection according to the radical resection stan-dards, and realize standardized and accurate operation with the help of 4K laparoscopic system, so as to reduce the occurrence of complications.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of semi-end-to-end esophagojejunal anastomosis versus side-to-side esophagojejunal anastomosis in laparoscopic total radical gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 85 patients with adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction who were admitted to the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University from January 2016 to January 2019 were collected. There were 65 males and 20 females, aged (58±10)years, with a range of 36 to 84 years. Of the 85 patients, 46 patients undergoing laparoscopic total gastrectomy+ D 2 lymphadenectomy+ semi-end-to-end esophagojejunal anastomosis were allocated into semi-end-to-end anastomosis group, and 39 patients undergoing laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy+ D 2 lymphadenectomy+ side-to-side esophagojejunal anastomosis were allocated into side-to-side anastomosis group. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was performed by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect the survival, anastomotic stenosis and tumor recurrence at postoperative one year up to January 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ranked data was analyzed using the nonparametric rank sum test. Results:(1) Surgical situations: patients of two groups successfully underwent laparoscopic total gastrectomy with D 2 lymph node dissection, without conversion to open surgery or perioperative death. The proximal length between tumor and surgical margin, time of esophagojejunal anastomosis, length of auxiliary incision were (2.3±0.9)cm, (32±3)minutes, (7.5±1.6)cm for the semi-end-to-end anastomosis group, respectively, versus (1.6±1.0)cm, (42±5)minutes, (4.8±1.2)cm for the side-to-side anastomosis group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( t=3.334, 10.177, 8.734, P<0.05). During the esophageal jejunal anastomosis, one patient in the side-to-side anastomosis group had proximal jejunum punctured by a linear cutting stapler resulting in jejunal rupture. The ruptured segment of jejunum was resected and the mesojejunum was freed to perform side-to-side anastomosis. (2) Postoperative situations: there was 1 and 7 patients with postoperative anastomotic bleeding in the semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and side-to-side anastomosis group, respectively, showing a significant difference ( χ2=4.449, P<0.05). Patients with postoperative anastomotic bleeding in the semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and side-to-side anastomosis group were cured after conservative treatment including blood transfusion and endoscopic hemostasis. One patient with esophagojejunal fistula in the side-to-side anastomosis group was cured after conservative treatment including puncture drainage and anti-infective treatment. Two patients with duodenal stump fistula in side-to-side anastomosis group were cured by anti-infection, puncture drainage and nutritional support. Eight patients with pulmonary infection (5 cases in semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and 3 cases in side-to-side anastomosis group) were cured by anti-infection, atomization and expectorant therapy. Three patients with abdominal infection (2 cases in semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and 1 case in side-to-side anastomosis group) were cured by anti-infection and abdominal puncture drainage. One case with incisional infection in semi-end-to-end anastomosis group was cured by dressing change and anti-infective treatment. (3) Follow-up: all the 85 patients were followed up for 1 year. During the follow-up, 3 and 2 patients died in semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and side-to-side anastomosis group, 0 and 2 patients had anastomotic stricture. There was no anastomotic recurrence. Conclusion:In laparoscopic total gastrectomy of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction, semi-end-to-end esophagojejunal anastomosis has the advantages of higher proximal surgical magin from the tumor, shorter anastomosis time, less postoperative anastomotic bleeding, while side-to-side anastomosis anastomosis has shorter length of auxiliary incision.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term outcomes of Da Vinci robotic versus laparoscopic and open surgery for locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).Methods:The propensity score matching and retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 404 patients with locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG who underwent radical gastrectomy in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University from January 2009 to April 2019 were collected. There were 331 males and 73 females, aged from 34 to 90 years, with a median age of 62 years. Of the 404 patients, 104 undergoing Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy were allocated into robotic group, 205 undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy were allocated into laparoscopic group, and 95 undergoing open radical gastrectomy were allocated into open group. Observation indicators: (1) the propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data among the three groups after propensity score matching; (2) surgical situations; (3) intraoperative lymph node dissection; (4) postoperative situations; (5) postoperative complications; (6) follow-up. Patients were followed up at postoperative 1 month by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect survival and severe complications up to June 2019. The propensity score matching was used to perform 1∶2∶1 nearest neighbor matching by SPSS 23.0 and R software 3.6.1 Matchit among the robotic group, laparoscopic group and open group. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison among groups was done using one-way ANOVA analysis. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison was done using the Kruskal-Wallis H test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison among groups was done using the chi-square test. Results:(1) The propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data among the three groups after propensity score matching: 312 of 404 patients had successful matching, including 78 in the robotic group, 156 in the laparoscopic group, and 78 in the open group. The age, cases in G1, G2, G3 (histopathological classification) and cases with proximal gastrectomy or total gastrectomy (surgical resection range) before matching were (62.2±1.0)years, 0, 37, 67, 13, 91 in the robotic group, (60.9±8.1)years, 0, 98, 107, 31, 174 in the laparoscopic group, and (58.5±9.8)years, 1, 32, 62, 27, 68 in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( F=4.269, 6.356, χ2=10.416, P<0.05). The above indicators after matching were (61.2±10.8)years, 0, 28, 50, 12, 66 in the robotic group, (60.7±8.0)years, 0, 56, 100, 25, 131 in the laparoscopic group, and (60.7±8.4)years, 0, 25, 53, 18, 60 in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( F=0.074, 0.379, χ2=2.141, P>0.05). (2) Surgical situations: the surgical time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of surgical incision, length of proximal margin after matching were 300.0 minutes(range, 188.0-420.0 minutes), 137.5 mL(range, 50.0-400.0 mL), 6.0 cm(range, 3.0-12.0 cm), 2.5 cm(range, 1.5-5.5 cm) in the robotic group, 276.0 minutes(range, 180.0-400.0 minutes), 150.0 mL(range, 40.0-800.0 mL), 6.0 cm(range, 3.0-12.0 cm), 3.0 cm(range, 1.0-5.0 cm) in the laparoscopic group, and 244.5 minutes(range, 125.0-461.0 minutes), 200.0 mL(range, 55.0-800.0 mL), 20.0 cm(range, 18.0-25.0 cm), 2.0 cm(range, 1.0-5.5 cm) in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=27.619, 30.069, 179.367, 11.560, P<0.05). (3) Intraoperative lymph node dissection: the number of lymph node dissected, the number of lymph node dissected in the first station, the number of diaphragmatic and periesophageal lymph node dissected were 30.5(range, 10.0-70.0), 18.0(range, 6.0-42.0), 4.0(range, 0-13.0) in the robotic group, 29.0(range, 12.0-79.0), 19.0(range, 6.0-47.0), 5.0(range, 0-15.0) in the laparoscopic group, and 29.0(range, 18.0-58.0), 18.0(range, 12.0-38.0), 5.0(range, 0-8.0) in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=3.676, 1.014, 0.827, P>0.05). The number of lymph node dissected in the second station, the number of lymph node dissected in the superior pancreatic region, the number of No.110 lymph node dissected, the number of No.111 lymph node dissected after matching were 9.0(range, 2.0-30.0), 9.0(range, 2.0-30.0), 1.0(range, 0-4.0), 0(range, 0-3.0) in the robotic group, 6.5(range, 0-25.0), 7.0(range, 0-25.0), 0(range, 0-3.0), 0(range, 0-4.0) in the laparoscopic group, and 6.5(range, 0-19.0), 6.5(range, 0-19.0), 0(range, 0-1.0), 0(range, 0-1.0) in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=19.027, 24.368, 19.236, 11.147, P<0.05). (4) Postoperative situations: the time to first flatus, time to initial out-of-bed activities, duration of postoperative hospital stay, treatment expenses after matching were 3 days(range, 2-5 days), 2 days(range, 1-4 days), 9 days(range, 5-20 days), 10.6×10 4 yuan [range, (5.4-18.0)×10 4 yuan] in the robotic group, 3 days(range, 2-8 days), 2 days(range, 1-7 days), 9 days(range, 6-56 days), 8.6×10 4 yuan[range, (5.7-40.8)×10 4 yuan] in the laparoscopic group, and 4 days(range, 2-10 days), 4 days(range, 2-10 days), 11 days(range, 8-41 days), 8.4×10 4 yuan[range, (5.8-15.2)×10 4 yuan] in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=28.487, 95.069, 39.443, 83.899, P<0.05). (5) Postoperative complications: the incidence of overall complications, incidence of severe complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥grade 3), incidence of gastrointestinal complications, incidence of incisional complications, incidence of respiratory complications, incidence of infection were 21.8%(17/78), 5.1%(4/78), 10.3%(8/78), 1.3%(1/78), 7.7%(6/78), 2.6%(2/78) in the robotic group, 21.8%(34/156), 7.1%(11/156), 5.1%(8/156), 1.3%(2/156), 11.5%(18/156), 3.8%(6/156) in the laparoscopic group, and 29.5%(23/78), 6.4%(5/78), 9.0%(7/78), 2.6%(2/78), 14.1%(11/78), 2.6%(2/78) in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=1.913, 0.321, 2.394, 0.866, 1.641, 0.335, P>0.05). (6) Follow-up: 312 patients after propensity score matching were follow up at postoperative 1 month. During the follow-up, 2 cases with severe complications died after discharge. No severe complication such as obstruction of input or output loop, dumping syndrome was found in the other 310 patients. Conclusions:The Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy is safe and feasible for locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG. Compared with laparoscopic and open radical gastrectomy, Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy has more advantages in the number of lymph node dissected in the second station (especially in the superior pancreatic region).

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865015

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and its risk factors after radical gastrectomy.Methods The prospective study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 2 089 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in 22 medical centers between December 2017 and November 2018 were collected,including 380 in the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University,351 in the Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine,130 in the Ruijin Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine,139 in the Peking University Cancer Hospital,128 in the Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital,114 in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University,104 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University,104 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University,103 in the Weifang People's Hospital,102 in the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital,99 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University,97 in the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine,60 in the Hangzhou First People's Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine,48 in the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center,29 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,26 in the Lishui Municipal Central Hospital,26 in the Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital,23 in the Jiangsu Province Hospital,13 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University,7 in the Second Hospital of Jilin University,4 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University,2 in the Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital of Capital Medical University.Observation indicators:(1) the incidence of POPF after radical gastrectomy;(2) treatment of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy;(3) analysis of clinicopathological data;(4) analysis of surgical data;(5) risk factors for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and comparison between groups was analyzed using ANOVA.Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages,and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test.Univariate analysis was conducted using the t test or chi-square test based on data excluding missing data of clinicopathological and surgical data.Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model based on factors with P<0.20 in univariate analysis.Results There were 2 089 patients screened for eligibility,including 1 512 males,576 females and 1 without sex information,aged (62± 11)years.The body mass index (BMI) was (23±3) kg/m2.(1) The incidence of POPF after radical gastrectomy:the total incidence rate of POPF in the 2 089 patients was 20.728%(433/2 089).The incidence rates of biochemical fistula,grade B pancreatic fistula,and grade C pancreatic fistula were 19.627%(410/2 089),1.101%(23/2 089),0,respectively.(2) Treatment of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy:2 of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had drainage tube placed for more than 21 days and received anti-infective therapy.Four of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had ascites detected by imaging examination,of which 2 received peritoneal drainage guided by ultrasound,1 received failed puncture drainage,1 received no puncture drainage,and they were given anti-infective therapy.Eleven of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had no ascites detected by imaging examinations,and they were given anti-infective therapy and inhibitors of pancreas secretion for clinical manifestation as fever or elevated white blood cells.Six patients with no typical clinical manifestations were given somatostatin to inhibite pancreas secretion and prolonged duration of abdominal drainage tube placement (with a median time of 7 days).All the 23 patients recovered well after treatment,without reoperation.(3) Analysis of clinicopathological data:for the 2 089 patients,BMI,cases with or without neoadjuvant therapy were (23±3) kg/m2,1 487,160 of patients without pancreatic fistula,(23±3)kg/m2,386,22 of patients with biochemical fistula,and (24±3)kg/m2,22,1 of patents with grade B pancreatic fistula,showing significant differences between the three groups (F=5.787,x2 =8.269,P<0.05).(4) Analysis of surgical data:for the 2 089 patients,cases with open surgery,laparoscopic assisted surgery,totally laparoscopic surgery (surgical method),cases with D1 lymph lode dissection,D2 lymph lode dissection,and other lymph lode dissection (range of lymph lode dissection),cases with no omentectomy,partial omentectomy,and total omentectomy (range of omentectomy),cases with no usage of energy facility,usage of CUSA,LigaSure,LigaSure+CUSA as energy facility,cases with or without biological glue,the number of lymph node dissection were 737,624,292,24,1 580,51,418,834,381,63,1 530,23,16,1 431,201,33±14 of patients without pancreatic fistula,146,189,74,11,389,9,110,171,128,35,359,6,9,378,31,31± 14 of patients with biochemical fistula,and 14,5,4,0,20,3,6,13,4,2,18,1,2,22,1,37±16 of patients with grade B pancreatic fistula,showing significant differences between the three groups (x2=15.578,9.397,15.023,28.245,8.359,F=4.945,P< 0.05).(5) Risk factors for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy:results of univariate analysis showed that usage of energy facility was a related factor for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy (x2=9.914,P<0.05).Results of multivariate analysis showed that laparoscopic assisted surgery,combined evisceration,application of LigaSure + CUSA,the number of lymph lode dissection were independent factors for for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy (odds ratio=0.168,3.922,9.250,1.030,95% confidence interval:0.036-0.789,1.031-14.919,1.036-82.602,1.001-1.059,P<0.05).Conclusions The incidence of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy is relatively low.Laparoscopic assisted surgery,combined evisceration,application of LigaSure + CUSA,and the number of lymph lode dissection are independent risk factors for grade B POPF.Trial Registration:This study was registrated at ClinicalTrial.gov in United States with the registration number of NCT03391687.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798908

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and its risk factors after radical gastrectomy.@*Methods@#The prospective study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 2 089 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in 22 medical centers between December 2017 and November 2018 were collected, including 380 in the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 351 in the Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 130 in the Ruijin Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 139 in the Peking University Cancer Hospital, 128 in the Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, 114 in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, 104 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, 104 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, 103 in the Weifang People′s Hospital, 102 in the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 99 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, 97 in the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 60 in the Hangzhou First People′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 48 in the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 29 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, 26 in the Lishui Municipal Central Hospital, 26 in the Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 23 in the Jiangsu Province Hospital, 13 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 7 in the Second Hospital of Jilin University, 4 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 2 in the Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital of Capital Medical University. Observation indicators: (1) the incidence of POPF after radical gastrectomy; (2) treatment of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy; (3) analysis of clinicopathological data; (4) analysis of surgical data; (5) risk factors for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using ANOVA. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Univariate analysis was conducted using the t test or chi-square test based on data excluding missing data of clinico-pathological and surgical data. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model based on factors with P<0.20 in univariate analysis.@*Results@#There were 2 089 patients screened for eligibility, including 1 512 males, 576 females and 1 without sex information, aged (62±11)years. The body mass index (BMI) was (23±3)kg/m2. (1) The incidence of POPF after radical gastrectomy: the total incidence rate of POPF in the 2 089 patients was 20.728%(433/2 089). The incidence rates of biochemical fistula, grade B pancreatic fistula, and grade C pancreatic fistula were 19.627%(410/2 089), 1.101%(23/2 089), 0, respectively. (2) Treatment of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy: 2 of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had drainage tube placed for more than 21 days and received anti-infective therapy. Four of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had ascites detected by imaging examination, of which 2 received peritoneal drainage guided by ultrasound, 1 received failed puncture drainage, 1 received no puncture drainage, and they were given anti-infective therapy. Eleven of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had no ascites detected by imaging examinations, and they were given anti-infective therapy and inhibitors of pancreas secretion for clinical manifestation as fever or elevated white blood cells. Six patients with no typical clinical manifestations were given somatostatin to inhibite pancreas secretion and prolonged duration of abdominal drainage tube placement (with a median time of 7 days). All the 23 patients recovered well after treatment, without reoperation. (3) Analysis of clinicopathological data: for the 2 089 patients, BMI, cases with or without neoadjuvant therapy were (23±3)kg/m2, 1 487, 160 of patients without pancreatic fistula, (23±3)kg/m2, 386, 22 of patients with biochemical fistula, and (24±3)kg/m2, 22, 1 of patents with grade B pancreatic fistula, showing significant differences between the three groups (F=5.787, χ2=8.269, P<0.05). (4) Analysis of surgical data: for the 2 089 patients, cases with open surgery, laparoscopic assisted surgery, totally laparoscopic surgery (surgical method), cases with D1 lymph lode dissection, D2 lymph lode dissection, and other lymph lode dissection (range of lymph lode dissection), cases with no omentectomy, partial omentectomy, and total omentectomy (range of omentectomy), cases with no usage of energy facility, usage of CUSA, LigaSure, LigaSure+ CUSA as energy facility, cases with or without biological glue, the number of lymph node dissection were 737, 624, 292, 24, 1 580, 51, 418, 834, 381, 63, 1 530, 23, 16, 1 431, 201, 33±14 of patients without pancreatic fistula, 146, 189, 74, 11, 389, 9, 110, 171, 128, 35, 359, 6, 9, 378, 31, 31±14 of patients with biochemical fistula, and 14, 5, 4, 0, 20, 3, 6, 13, 4, 2, 18, 1, 2, 22, 1, 37±16 of patients with grade B pancreatic fistula, showing significant differences between the three groups (χ2=15.578, 9.397, 15.023, 28.245, 8.359, F=4.945, P<0.05). (5) Risk factors for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy: results of univariate analysis showed that usage of energy facility was a related factor for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy (χ2=9.914, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that laparoscopic assisted surgery, combined evisceration, application of LigaSure + CUSA, the number of lymph lode dissection were independent factors for for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy (odds ratio=0.168, 3.922, 9.250, 1.030, 95% confidence interval: 0.036-0.789, 1.031-14.919, 1.036-82.602, 1.001-1.059, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy is relatively low. Laparoscopic assisted surgery, combined evisceration, application of LigaSure + CUSA, and the number of lymph lode dissection are independent risk factors for grade B POPF. Trial Registration: This study was registrated at ClinicalTrial.gov in United States with the registration number of NCT03391687.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797807

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer, and explore the risk factors for postoperative complications.@*Methods@#The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 173 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from March 2010 to March 2019 were collected. There were 138 males and 35 females, aged from 34 to 76 years, with an average age of 60 years. All the 173 patients underwent Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Observation indicators: (1) postoperative complications; (2) analysis of risk factors for postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. Univariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Indicators with P<0.1 were included into multivariate analysis, and multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression model.@*Results@#(1) Postoperative complications: of the 173 patients, 45 had postoperative complications, with a incidence rate of 26.0%(45/173). Among the 45 patients, 5 had gradeⅠpostoperative complications, 31 had grade Ⅱ postoperative complications, 2 had grade Ⅲa postoperative complications, 3 had grade Ⅲb postoperative complications, 1 had grade Ⅳa postoperative complications, 1 had grade Ⅳb postoperative complications, and 2 had grade Ⅴ postoperative complications. The incidence of serious complications was 5.2%(9/173). Of the 5 patients with gradeⅠcomplications, 1 of fever was improved after antipyretic treatment, 2 of incisional fat liquefaction were improved after dressing change, 1 of vomiting was improved after being given antiemetic, and 1 of delayed recovery of gastrointestinal function was improved after symptomatic treatment. Among 31 patients with gradeⅡcomplications, 12 patients had pulmonary infection, including 6 of pulmonary infection alone, 3 combined with pleural effusion, 1 combined with abdominal infection, 2 combined with intestinal obstruction, and all were improved after conservative treatment; 7 of fever were improved after anti-infection treatment; 4 patients had deep venous catheter infection including 1 combined with bilateral pleural effusion, and were improved after removing catheter and anti-infection treatment; 3 patients had anastomotic leakage including 1 with pulmonary infection and abdominal infection, and were improved after conservative treatment; 2 patients had duodenal stump leakage (1 combined with pulmonary infection, 1 combined with pulmonary infection and pleural effusion) , and were improved after conservative treatment; 1 patient had abdominal hemorrhage, and was improved after conservative treatment; 1 patient had intestinal obstruction, and was improved after conservative treatment; 1 patient had abdominal infection, and was improved after conservative treatment. Of the 2 patients with grade Ⅲa complications, 1 had duodenal stump leakage combined with abdominal abscess, and was improved after puncture and drainage; 1 had pleural effusion combined with pulmonary infection, and was improved after puncture and drainage. Among the 3 patients with grade Ⅲb complications, 1 of abdominal hemorrhage was improved after reoperation, 2 of anastomotic leakage were improved after being placed jejunal nutrition tube under painless gastroscopy. Of the 2 cases, 1 combined with abdominal infection and 1 combined with pleural effusion and abdominal infection were improved after puncture and drainage. Among the 2 patients with grade Ⅳ complications, 1 of Ⅳa encountering respiratory failure was improved after treatment due to misinhalation of anesthesia, and 1 of Ⅳb suffered from multiple organ failure and was improved after treatment due to anastomotic leakage. Two patients with grade V complication died, including one with anastomotic leakage, abdominal hemorrhage, and multiple organ failure, and the other with respiratory failure and cardiac insufficiency. In the 173 patients, the incidence of comprehensive complication index (CCI) ≥ 25.2 was 11.0%(19/173). (2) Analysis of risk factors for postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer: univariate analysis showed that body mass index (BMI), volume of intraoperative blood loss, and operation time were the related factors affecting the postoperative complications (χ2=4.275, 5.057, 5.463, P<0.05). BMI and volume of intraoperative blood loss were the related factors affecting the postoperative serious complications (χ2=7.517, 5.537, P<0.05). Age, BMI and Charlson Comorbidity Index were the related factors affecting CCI ≥25.2 (χ2=8.946, 7.890, 4.062, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor diameter ≥ 3 cm and tumor located at esophagogastric junction were independent risk factors for postoperative complications [odds ratio (OR) =4.350, 2.175, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.352-14.000, 1.018-4.647, P<0.05)]. BMI ≥25 kg/m2 was an independent risk factor for serious complications after operation (OR=5.156, 95%CI: 1.120-23.738, P<0.05). Age ≥60 years, BMI ≥25 kg/m2, and history of abdominal surgery were independent risk factors for CCI≥25.2 (OR=30.928, 3.557, 6.009, 95%CI: 1.485-644.19, 1.082-11.691, 1.358-26.592, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The Clavien-Dindo classification of patients after Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer is mostly gradeⅡ. The main complications are pulmonary-related complications. CCI can better predict the risk factors for serious complications after operation. Tumor diameter ≥ 3 cm and tumor located at esophagogastric junction are independent risk factors for postoperative complications; BMI ≥25 kg/m2 is an independent risk factor for serious complications; age ≥60 years, BMI ≥25 kg/m2, and history of abdominal surgery are independent risk factors for CCI≥25.2.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790089

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer,and explore the risk factors for postoperative complications.Methods The retrospective casecontrol study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 173 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from March 2010 to March 2019 were collected.There were 138 males and 35 females,aged from 34 to 76 years,with an average age of 60 years.All the 173 patients underwent Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Observation indicators:(1) postoperative complications;(2) analysis of risk factors for postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages.Univariate analysis was perform7d using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability.Indicators with P < 0.l were included into multivariate analysis,and multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression model.Results (1) Postoperative complications:of the 173 patients,45 had postoperative complications,with a incidence rate of 26.0% (45/173).Among the 45 patients,5 had grade Ⅰ postoperative complications,31 had grade Ⅱ postoperative complications,2 had grade Ⅲ a postoperative complications,3 had grade Ⅲ b postoperative complications,1 had grade Ⅳ a postoperative complications,1 had grade Ⅳ b postoperative complications,and 2 had grade Ⅴ postoperative complications.The incidence of serious complications was 5.2% (9/173).Of the 5 patients with grade Ⅰ complications,1 of fever was improved after antipyretic treatment,2 of incisional fat liquefaction were improved after dressing change,1 of vomiting was improved after being given antiemetic,and 1 of delayed recovery of gastrointestinal function was improved after symptomatic treatment.Among 31 patients with grade Ⅱ complications,12 patients had pulmonary infection,including 6 of pulmonary infection alone,3 combined with pleural effusion,1 combined with abdominal infection,2 combined with intestinal obstruction,and all were improved after conservative treatment;7 of fever were improved after anti-infection treatment;4 patients had deep venous catheter infection including 1 combined with bilateral pleural effusion,and were improved after removing catheter and antiinfection treatment;3 patients had anastomotic leakage including 1 with pulmonary infection and abdominal infection,and were improved after conservative treatment;2 patients had duodenal stump leakage (1 combined with pulmonary infection,1 combined with pulmonary infection and pleural effusion),and were improved after conservative treatment;1 patient had abdominal hemorrhage,and was improved after conservative treatment;1 patient had intestinal obstruction,and was improved after conservative treatment;1 patient had abdominal infection,and was improved after conservative treatment.Of the 2 patients with grade Ⅲ a complications,1 had duodenal stump leakage combined with abdominal abscess,and was improved after puncture and drainage;1 had pleural effusion combined with pulmonary infection,and was improved after puncture and drainage.Among the 3 patients with grade Ⅲ b complications,1 of abdominal hemorrhage was improved after reoperation,2 of anastomotic leakage were improved after being placed jejunal nutrition tube under painless gastroscopy.Of the 2 cases,1 combined with abdominal infection and 1 combined with pleural effusion and abdominal infection were improved after puncture and drainage.Among the 2 patients with grade Ⅳ complications,1 of Ⅳa encountering respiratory failure was improved after treatment due to misinhalation of anesthesia,and 1 of Ⅳb suffered from multiple organ failure and was improved after treatment due to anastomotic leakage.Two patients with grade Ⅴ complication died,including one with anastomotic leakage,abdominal hemorrhage,and multiple organ failure,and the other with respiratory failure and cardiac insufficiency.In the 173 patients,the incidence of comprehensive complication index (CCI) ≥ 25.2 was 11.0% (19/173).(2) Analysis of risk factors for postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer:univariate analysis showed that body mass index (BMI),volume of intraoperative blood loss,and operation time were the related factors affecting the postoperative complications (x2=4.275,5.057,5.463,P< 0.05).BMI and volume of intraoper.ative blood loss were the related factors affecting the postoperative serious complications (x2 =7.517,5.537,P < 0.05).Age,BMI and Charlson Comorbidity Index were the related factors affecting CCI ≥ 25.2 (.x2 =8.946,7.890,4.062,P< 0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that tumor diameter ≥ 3 cm and tumor located at esophagogastric junction were independent risk factors for postoperative complications [odds ratio (OR) =4.350,2.175,95% confidence interval (CI):1.352-14.000,1.018-4.647,P<0.05)].BMI ≥25 kg/m2 was an independent risk factor for serious complications after operation (OR=5.156,95%CI:1.120-23.738,P<0.05).Age ≥60 years,BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2,and history of abdominal surgery were independent risk factors for CCI ≥25.2 (OR =30.928,3.557,6.009,95%CI:1.485-644.19,1.082-11.691,1.358-26.592,P<0.05).Conclusions The Clavien-Dindo classification of patients after Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer is mostly grade IⅡ.The main complications are pulmonary-related complications.CCI can better predict the risk factors for serious complications after operation.Tumor diameter ≥ 3 cm and tumor located at esophagogastric junction are independent risk factors for postoperative complications;BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 is an independent risk factor for serious complications;age ≥ 60 years,BMI ≥25 kg/m2,and history of abdominal surgery are independent risk factors for CCI≥25.2.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689652

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the surgical techniques and feasibility of robotic surgery for carcinoma in the remnant stomach(CRS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological data of 20 CRS patients undergoing robotic surgery at the Minimally Invasive Center for Gastrointestinal Surgery, Army Medical University Southwest Hospital from November 2012 to October 2017 were retrospectively collected. The surgical methods, procedures, main difficulties, and key techniques were analyzed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 20 CRS patients, 14 were male and 6 were female with mean age of 59.9 years and mean BMI of 19.7 kg/m. For the primary diseases, 17 patients underwent laparotomy, 3 underwent laparoscopic radical resection of gastric cancer; 18 cases received distal subtotal gastrectomy plus Billroth II( anastomosis, 2 received distal subtotal gastrectomy plus Billroth I( anastomosis. CRS located in anastomotic stoma in 15 cases and in the gastric fundus and cardiac part in 5 cases. Preoperative staging revealed 2 cases of T2NxM0, 1 of T3NxM0, 2 of TxNxM0 and 15 of T4aNxM0. Sixteen patients received robotic surgery with Roux-en-Y reconstruction successfully, and 4 patients were converted to laparotomy for palliative total gastrectomy, including 1 case with diaphragm invasion, 1 case with transverse colon invasion, and 2 cases with tight adhesions. The mean surgery time was (255±35) minutes, mean blood loss was (230±50) ml, mean number of dissected lymph nodes was 19.5±3.0, mean recovery time to gastrointestinal function was (2.3±1.0) days, mean time to feeding was (2.3±1.0) days, and mean time to ambulatory activity was (2.5±0.5) days. Pathological examinations revealed 12 patients with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, 6 patients with moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, and 2 patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma. Postoperative pTNM staging was identified as follows: stage I(B for 1 patient, stage II(A for 2 patients, stage II(B for 5 patients, stage III(A for 5 patients, stage III(B for 4 patients, and stage III(C for 3 patients. One patient died 2 weeks after operation due to multiple organ failure. One patient received another hemostasis operation due to hemorrhage of splenic artery and recovered postoperatively. Two patients experienced anastomotic leakage, 1 patient developed duodenal stump fistula and 1 patient experienced incision site infection postoperatively, and all of them recovered after conservative treatment. During 5-60 months follow-up, 10 cases died and 10 cases survived, including 1 case for 6 years.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Robotic surgery for CRS is feasible with satisfactory short-term efficacy. However, the long-term efficacy requires further study.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Gastrectomy , Gastric Stump , General Surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708225

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the size of target volume,amplitudes of movements in different directions,movement vector,dose to the diseased lung,whole lung volume,and setup error between free breathing fixation (method A) and four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT)-guided abdominal balloon compression fixation (method B),and to demonstrate that the 4DCT-guided abdominal balloon compression fixation is effective in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods A retrospective analysis was performed among 80 patients with NSCLC in our hospital.In those patients,40 received method A and 40 method B.The GTVfree and GTVpress were delineated on the maximum intensity projection (MIP) images of 10 respiratory phases using method A and method B,respectively.The PTVfree and PTVPress were obtained by expansion of the GTVfree and GTVpress,respectively.The paired t test was used to analyze the differences in the PTV,maximum amplitudes of movements in three dimensions,absolute value of the movement vector (|V|),and volume between method A and method B.The treatment planning system was used to compare the V5,V10,V20,and V30 of the diseased lung and the whole lung volume between method A and method B.All patients underwent cone-beam CT (CBCT) scans after positioning.Setup error was obtained by matching the CBCT images with the MIP images in the XVI system based on bone and grayscale values.Results The PTVfree and PTVpress were (283.2± 12.74) and (201.8± 12.99)cm3,respectively (P=0.002).The maximum amplitudes of movements in the right-left,superior-inferior,and anterior-posterior directions as well as thel V | value were (0.22±0.02),(1.85±0.08),(0.43±0.26),and (1.91±0.27) em,respectively,for method A,and (0.05±0.01),(0.41±0.03),(0.16±0.16),and (0.44±0.16) cm,respectively,for method B (P=0.120,0.001,0.070).The V5,V10,V20,and V30 for the diseased lung and total lung volume were (61.26± 4.27) %,(44.52± 1.70) %,(28.22± 3.13) %,(18.26±5.17)%,and (3556±223.12) cm3,respectively,for method A,and (52.74±4.78)%,(38.76±4.92) %,(23.71 ±4.03) %,(15.54±3.43) %,and (3376±311.65) cm3,respectively,for method B (P =0.001,0.003,0.004,0.021,0.004).There was no significant difference in setup error obtained by the XVI system between the two fixation methods (P>0.05).Conclusions Without increasing setup error,abdominal balloon compression can effectively control the lung movement amplitude,reduce the planning target volume,and reduce the radiation dose to the lung in patients with NSCLC.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699164

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the short-term clinical efficacies of Da Vinci robotic surgical systemassisted and laparoscopy-assisted radical gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer (GC).Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 162 patients who underwent minimally invasive radical gastrectomy for locally advanced GC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University between September 2016 and September 2017 were collected.Of 162 patients,65 undergoing Da Vinci robotic surgical system-assisted radical gastrectomy were allocated into the robotic group and 97 undergoing laparoscopyassisted radical gastrectomy were allocated into the laparoscopic group.According to Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines,patients with upper GC and with middle or lower GC underwent respectively total gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection and distal subtotal gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection,and then Billroth Ⅱ or Roux-en-Y digestive tract reconstruction.Observation indicators:(1) surgical and postoperative situations;(2) detection of lymph node;(3) follow-up and survival situations.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s,and comparisons between groups were analyzed using the t test.Comparisons of count data were done using the chi-square test.Ordinal data were analyzed by the nonparametric test.Results (1) Surgical and postoperative situations:all 162 patients underwent successful surgery,without conversion to laparoscopic or open surgery,and pathological resection margins were confirmed as R0.Volume of intraoperative blood loss,levels of amylase in peritoneal drainage fluid at day 1,2 and 3 postoperatively,levels of serum amylase fluid at day 1,2 and 3 postoperatively were respectively (123±39) mL,(557± 181) U/L,(357± 127) U/L,(183±86) U/L,(181±47)U/L,(123±29)U/L,(85±22)U/L in the robotic group and (142±40)mL,(793±284)U/L,(497±199)U/L,(279±157) U/L,(218±45) U/L,(162±37) U/L,(120±31) U/L in the laparoscopic group,with statistically significant differences between groups (t =-3.015,-2.817,-2.364,-2.132,-2.372,-3.338,-3.720,P<0.05).Cases with distal subtotal gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection and with total gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection,cases with Billroth Ⅱ and Roux-en-Y of digestive tract reconstruction,time of distal subtotal gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection,time of total gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection,cases with anastomotic leakage,pulmonary infection,wound infection or liquefaction and delayed gastric emptying,cases in grading Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ and Ⅴ of postoperative complications,time of postoperative drainage-tube removal and duration of postoperative hospital stay were respectively 47,18,40,25,(222±37) minutes,(274±43) minutes,1,1,1,1,2,1,0,0,(6.5-± 1.5) days,(10.0±4.0) days in the robotic group and 74,23,69,28,(213±40) minutes,(262±39)minutes,2,4,1,0,4,1,0,1,(6.9±1.7)days,(10.0±5.0)days in the laparoscopic group,with no statistically significant difference between groups (x2=0.326,1.628,t =1.272,0.960,x2=2.501,Z=-1.342,t=-1.142,-0.115,P>0.05).One and 1 patients in the robotic and laparoscopic groups who were complicated with esophagus-jejunum anastomotic leakage after total gastrectomy + Roux-en-Y anastomosis were cured by nutrition support therapy using feeding tube placement under gastroscopy,and 1 patient in the laparoscopic group who were complicated with gastrojejunal anastomosis leakage after distal subtotal gastrectomy +Billroth Ⅱ anastomosis received the second surgical exploration and jejunal feeding tube placement.Patients with pulmonary infection,wound infection or liquefaction and delayed gastric emptying were cured by conservative treatment.Levels of amylase in peritoneal drainage fluid and serum amylase fluid at day 1,2 and 3 postoperatively were not higher than 3 times of upper limit of normal,without treatment interventions.(2) Detection of lymph node:overall number of lymph nodes detected in the robotic and laparoscopic groups were respectively 36.82±13.41 and 35.21 ± 11.52,with no statistically significant difference between groups (t =0.786,P> 0.05).Results of further analysis showed that numbers of lymph node dissected in the 2nd station and upper region of pancreas in patients undergoing distal subtotal gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection were respectively 6.04±3.98,13.51±6.53 in the robotic group and 4.45±3.12,11.40±5.30 in the laparoscopic group,with statistically significant differences between groups (t=2.461,1.986,P<0.05).Numbers of lymph node dissected in No 7 and 8 groups and upper region of pancreas in patients undergoing total gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection were respectively 5.44±2.63,2.92±1.87,10.81±4.78 in the robotic group and 3.11±1.82,1.62±1.33,7.76±3.34 in the laparoscopic group,with statistically significant differences between groups (t =3.340,2.689,2.522,P<0.05).(3) Follow-up and survival situations:of 162 patients,148 were followed up for 2-14 months,with a median time of 8 months.During the follow-up,patients in the 2 groups had tumor-free survival.Conclusions Da Vinci robotic surgical system-assisted radical gastrectomy is safe and feasible.Compared with laparoscopy-assisted radical gastrectomy for locally advanced GC,it has advantages of clear vision of the local anatomy,less intraoperative bleeding,more numbers of lymph nodes dissected in the upper region of pancreas and lighter pancreatic injure,meanwhile,it has also certain operating advantages around the great vessels and in the deep and narrow spaces.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699073

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of body configuration on the therapeutic effects of totally laparoscopic and laparoscopy-assisted radical total gastrectomies.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 677 patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical total gastrectomies in the 11 clinical centers [100 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University),98 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University,94 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University,89 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University,81 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University,81 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University,42 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,39 in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Guangdong Province,26 in the First People's Hospital of Hangzhou City,17 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University and 10 in the Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University (Fourth Military Medical University)] from January 2015 to June 2017 were collected.Among 677 patients,305 [89 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University),28 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University,14 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University,26 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University,75 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University,14 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University,10 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,10 in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Guangdong Province,19 in the First People's Hospital of Hangzhou City,13 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University and 7 in the Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University (Fourth Military Medical University)] undergoing totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy were allocated into the totally laparoscopic group,and 372 [11 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University),70 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University,80 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University,63 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University,6 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University,67 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University,32 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,29 in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Guangdong Province,7 in the First People's Hospital of Hangzhou City,4 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University and 3 in the Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University (Fourth Military Medical University)] undergoing laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy were allocated into the laparoscopy-assisted group.All patients received laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy using routine five-port method.Roux-en-Y anastomosis was applied for digestive tract reconstruction,and digestive tract reconstruction was performed under laparoscopy in the totally laparoscopic group and via upper abdominal median incision in the laparoscopy assisted group.Observation indicators:(1) surgical and postoperative situations;(2) stratified analysis:surgical and postoperative situations of obese patients [body mass index (BMI) > 25.0 kg/m2,the maximum vertical distance between the anterior abdominal skin and the back skin at the level of the xiphoid bone (X-APD) > an average value of 22.7 cm and X-APD/the maximum horizontal distance of a plane at a right angle to X-APD (X-TD) >an average value of 0.8] between groups;(3) follow-up and survival situations.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect the postoperative overall survival and tumor recurrence or metastasis up to July 2017.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s.Comparison between groups was analyzed by the t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M(Q),and comparison between groups was analyzed by Mann-Whithey test.Comparisons of count data were analyzed using the chi-square test.Results (1) Surgical and postoperative situations:all the patients in the 2 groups underwent successful operations,without perioperative death.Esophagojejunostomy methods of 305 patients in totally laparoscopic group:conventional circular stapler method were performed in 107 patients,antipuncture circular staplar method in 6 patients,OrVilTM method in 5 patients,functional end-to-end esophagojejunostomy method in 76 patients,peristalsis side-to-side esophagojejunostomy method in 106 patients and π esophagojejunostomy method in 5 patients.Three hundred and seventy-two patients in the totally laparoscopic group received conventional circular stapler method,including 361 with end-to-side esophagojejunostomy method and 11 with half end-to-end esophagojejunostomy method.Total operation time,time of esophagojejunostomy,length of assisted incision and using time of analgesics were respectively (235± 72)minutes,(33 ± 15)minutes,(5.6± 1.4) cm,(2.0 ± 1.2) days in the totally laparoscopic group and (223± 63) minutes,(29 ± 10) minutes,(8.0 ± 2.6) cm,(2.3 ± 1.6) days in the laparoscopy-assisted group,with statistically significant differences between groups (t =2.383,3.289,-15.236,-2.780,P < 0.05).The eases with postoperative overall complications,anastomosis bleeding,anastomosis stricture,anastomosis leakage were respectively 38,6,11,11 in the totally laparoscopic group and 35,7,10,13 in the laparoscopy-assisted group,with no statistically significant difference between groups (x2 =1.621,0.007,0.470,0.006,P>0.05).All the patients with postoperative complications were cured by symptomatic treatment.(2) Stratified analysis:length of assisted incision,using time of analgesics,time to postoperative anal exsufflation,time for initial fluid diet intake,time for initial semi-fluid diet intake,time of postoperative drainage-tube removal and duration of postoperative hospital stay in obese patients with BMI>25.0 kg/m2,X-APD>22.7 cm and X-APD/X-TD>0.8 were respectively (5.9±1.3)cm,(5.7±1.4)cm,(5.6±1.4)cn,(2.0±1.2) days,(2.2±1.1)days,(2.1±1.1)days,(3.4±0.9) days,(3.3±0.9)days,(3.3±0.8)days,(4.7±1.1)days,(4.1±2.0)days,(4.0±1.6)days,(6.6±1.5)days,(6.4±2.3)days,(6.3±1.9)days,(7.8±2.3)days,(7.8±2.7)days,(7.6±2.9)days,(9±4)days,(10±5)days,(10±5) days in the totally laparoscopic group and (8.7±3.1)cm,(8.9±3.0)cm,(8.8±2.8)cm,(2.4±1.3)days,(2.5±1.5)days,(2.5±1.6)days,(3.7±1.0)days,(3.8±1.1)days,(3.7±1.3)days,(5.3±1.7)days,(4.8±1.7)days,(5.0±1.9)days,(7.4±2.3)days,(7.8±2.0)days,(7.0±2.2)days,(8.7±2.4)days,(8.4±1.9)days,(8.1±1.5)days,(1 1±8)days,(11±5)days,(1 1±5)days in the laparoscopy-assisted group,with statistically significant differences between groups (t =-7.950,-2.246,-2.222,-2.500,-2.771,-2.404,-2.251,P<0.05).There were statistically significant differences in above indicators of patients with X-APD>22.7 cm between groups (t =-12.089,-2.064,-3.732,-3.220,-5.297,-2.074,-2.208,P<0.05),and in above indicators of patients with X-APD/X-TD>0.8 between groups (t =-13.451,-2.736,-3.354,-4.961,-3.280,-2.137,-2.127,P<0.05).(3) Follow-up and survival situations:of 677 patients,645 were followed up for 1-31 months,with a median time of 12 months,including 283 in the totally laparoscopic group and 362 in the laparoscopy-assisted group.During the follow-up,cases with overall survival,tumor recurrence and tumor metastasis were respectively 255,18 and 21 in the totally laparoscopic group and 327,25 and 20 in the laparoscopy-assisted group (11 and 10 patients in the totally laparoscopic and laparoscopy-assisted groups with simutaneous tumor recurrence and metastasis),showing no statistically significant difference between groups (x2 =0.009,0.076,0.959,P > 0.05).Conclusions Totally laparoscopic and laparoscopy-assisted radical total gastrectomies are safe and feasible in obese patients,with the equivalent time of esophagojejunostomy.Totally laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy is of benefit to short-term recovery of patients.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 464-467,470, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604436

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the errors of double-center and single-center setup, and to study the role of both on reducing the rotational setup errors for the patients with esophageal carcinoma depend on rigid registration errors between online kV-cone-beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT) images and plans for CT images. Methods 20 patients with middle esophageal carcinoma received image scanning before treatment every week by using double-center setup and CBCT, and single-center setup images of 20 patients were taken from the X volume image (XVI) system. Then the images of both setup types, registration errors of CT image and rotational setup errors were compared respectively. Every patient received kV-CBCT scanning analysis before treatment every week, and 6 times in total. 240 group of kV-CBCT images from all of the patients were off-line matched with plans for CT images to calculate the errors of X-axis, Y-axis, Z-axis. Then the data of linear errors and rotational setup errors from patients were collected, aiming at putting the error data into the patients treatment program and analyzing the significances. Results The standard registration of double-center setup was as follows: T (X) (0.28 ±0.19) cm, T (Y) (0.27 ±0.19) cm, T (Z) (0.33 ±0.12) cm, R (X) (0.40 ±0.19)° , R (Y) (0.30 ±0.18)° , R (Z) (0.30 ±0.19)° . The standard registration of single-center setup was as follows:T(X) (0.32±0.20) cm, T(Y) (0.29±0.25)cm, T(Z) (0.31±0.16) cm, R(X) (2.2±0.68)°, R(Y) (0.5±0.32)°, R(Z) (2.10±0.60)°. There were statistical differences between linear errors in T(X) and rotational setup errors in R(X), R(Y) or R(Z) (P< 0.05). Conclusion Double-center position can reduce the rotational setup errors, especially in X-axis, Y-axis errors, and may provide more help for the radiation oncology departments without on-board CBCT.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341492

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes between laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph dissection for advanced gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 377 cases of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and 301 cases of open distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph dissection at the Southwest Hospital, the Third Military Medical University from January 2004 to June 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were followed up until September 2015. Surgical outcomes, postoperative complications and long-term survival were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with conventional open group, laparoscopic group was associated with lower intraoperative blood loss [(125±89) ml vs. (290±161) ml, t=-15.942, P=0.000], shorter time to oral intake [(2.9±0.7) days vs. (4.1±1.6) days, t=-12.120, P=0.000], quicker bowel function retum[(2.7±1.4) days vs. (3.6±1.6) days, t=-7.804, P=0.000], shorter postoperative hospital stay [(7.7±3.6) days vs. (10.1±4.1) days, t=-8.107, P=0.000]. In addition, there were no significant differences in the operative time[(207±57) minutes vs. (202±43) minutes, P>0.05], number of retrieved lymph nodes(33±13 vs. 31±15, P>0.05), resection margin length(P>0.05) between two groups. The postoperative complication morbidity in laparoscopic group was significantly lower than that in open group[7.2%(22/377) vs. 12.6%(38/301), χ(2)=5.762, P=0.016]. Within perioperative period, 7 patients underwent operation again due to complication and 1 case died of peritoneal bleeding in laparoscopic group; 6 patients underwent re-operation and 2 cases died of peritoneal infection with hepatic failure and lung infection with respiratory failure. During the median follow-up of 86 months (range from 3-140 months), relapse occurred in 171(45.4%) patients and 183(48.5%, among them, 156 cases died of primary disease) patients died in laparoscopic group; relapse occurred in 140(46.5%) patients and 151(50.2%, among them, 127 cases died of primary disease) patients died in open group. The difference in overall 5-year survival rate between two groups was not statistically significant (51.5% vs. 49.8%, χ(2)=0.142, P=0.706). No significant difference was seen in 5-year disease-free survival rate (49.1% vs. 47.8%, χ(2)=0.062, P=0.803). Stratified analysis based on TNM stage also showed no significant difference in 5-year overall or disease-free survival rate(both P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph dissection for advanced gastric cancer has better short-term efficacy and similar long-tern efficacy as compared to open surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Defecation , Disease-Free Survival , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastroenterostomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260265

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy between laparoscopic and open surgery in the treatment of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (gastric GIST), and to explore the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic resection for gastric GIST.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 226 gastric GIST patients confirmed by pathology with maximal tumor diameter less than 10 cm undergoing operation in our department from January 2002 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 158 patients received laparoscopic surgery(laparoscopic group), and 68 open surgery (open group). Related indicators of clinical efficacy were compared between the two groups. Laparoscopic group patients were further divided into 4 groups according to chronological order, including 39 patients in group A, 39 in group B, 39 in group C and 41 in group D. Operating time was compared among 4 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the open group, laparoscopic group had shorter operation time [(138.8±69.2) min vs. (173.3±74.5) min, P=0.001], less intraoperative bleeding [30 ml vs. 125 ml, P=0.000], faster recovery to postoperative first flatus [(3.2±1.1) d vs. (3.8±1.1) d, P=0.000] and resumption of oral intake [(3.9±1.5) d vs. (4.7±1.5) d, P=0.000], and a shorter hospital stay [(8.1±2.3) d vs. (10.0±2.6) d, P=0.001]. The operation time of laparoscopic group A, B, C and D was (181.0±81.2) min, (124.7±57.8) min, (126.9±67.9) min and (123.4±51.8) min respectively, and the difference was statistically significant(F=7.188, P=0.001). Median follow-up time of 226 patients was 32 months(5 to 104 months). In laparoscopic group, 136 cases(86.1%) received follow-up, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival were 98.7%, 90.7% and 72.8% respectively. In the open group, 59 cases (86.8%) received follow-up, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival were 98.3%, 87.1% and 83.1%, respectively. The survival between two groups were not significantly different(P=0.164).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Laparoscopic surgery removing gastric GIST with a maximal diameter of less than 10 cm is safe and feasible. The learning curve of laparoscopic gastric GIST surgery is about 40 cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Safety
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