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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the neoadventitia technique for root repair in acute type A aortic dissection(ATAAD).Methods:From January 2019 to February 2022, a total of 94 patients with ATAAD who underwent surgical treatment in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different treatment methods for the aortic root, the patients were divided into the neoadventitia technique group(58 cases) and the Bentall group(36 cases). The perioperative data and postoperative follow-up results of the two groups were compared, and the efficacy of the new adventitia technique in acute type A aortic dissection was analyzed.Results:There were no intraoperative deaths. The 30-day mortality was 3.4% and 5.6% in the neoadventitia group and Bentall group, respectively ( P=0.636). The cardiopulmonary bypass time[(154.3±29.8)min, P<0.001] and aortic clamp time[(94.7±20.6)min, P<0.001)]were significantly shorter in the neoadventitia group, compared with the Bentall group. Aortic regurgitation was significantly improved after the operation (0.33±0.50 vs. 1.02±0.80, P<0.001). No aortic root-related secondary intervention occurred during follow-up. There was no significant difference in mortality between the two groups( P=0.248). Conclusion:Neoadventitia root repair is a safe and feasible method for the treatment of ATAAD, which has good short-term and mid-term efficacy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958416

ABSTRACT

Aortic aneurysm (AA) is a vascular disease involving the progressive dilation of aorta diameter. It is usually asymptomatic but with high mortality once rupture. Currently, there is no effective pharmacologic treatment. MicroRNA specifically refers to non-coding small RNAs consisting of 19-25 nucleotides. The characteristic of microRNA targeting multiple genes seems to form a complicated regulation network, which receives considerable attention. Emerging studies show that microRNAs are closely related to the occurrence and development of AA. Many microRNAs are involved in multiple cell processes and functions and may participate in the pathogenesis of AA, including endothelial cell dysfunction, inflammatory cell infiltration, smooth muscle cell apoptosis, and extracellular matrix degradation. This article will describe the animal models for AA research and the latest progression of microRNA and AA.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the long-term outcomes of hybrid arch repair(HAR) treating aortic arch pathologies.Methods:Between January 2009 and January 2018, 87 consecutive patients underwent HAR for aortic arch pathologies at Beijing Anzhen Hospital. 76 were males. 2 cases were in zone 0, 46 cases were in zone 1, and 39 cases were in zone 2. The zones of the aortic arch were defined following the Ishimaru classification.Results:Five(5.7%) operative death occurred. 13 patients(19.1%) died during the follow-up. The overall survival rate was 88.4%, 83.3%, 83.3%, 49.8% at 1, 3, 5, 10 year, respectively. Multivariate Cox proportional risk analysis showed that stroke( HR=20.626, 95% CI: 2.698-157.685, P=0.004) was an independent risk factor for short-term death. Stroke( HR=16.234, 95% CI: 4.103-64.229, P<0.001) and spinal cord infury( HR=11.060, 95% CI: 2.150-56.893, P=0.004) were independent risk factors for long-term death. Conclusion:In conclusion, HAR could be an alternative procedure for the patients that are not suitable for open repair under the premise of strict control of indications. In the future, the risk assessment system and uniform operational indications for HAR should be further established.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of massive bleeding in patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection undergoing moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest repair.Methods:From January 2016 to October 2017, 486 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection were included in the study. All operations were performed with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest. The basic clinical data of patients were collected retrospectively. Massive bleeding was defined according to definition of Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding(UDPB) 4 class and the Blood Conservation Using Antifibrinolytics in a Randomized Trial(BART). Significant variables in univariate analysis were included in multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results:Thirty-four patients(7.00%) died in hospital. A total of one hundred and eighty-seven patients(38.48%) fulfilled criteria of the definition of BART massive bleeding. Forty-five patients(9.26%), 8 patients(1.65%), 114 patients(23.46%), 147 patients(30.25%) and 172 patients(35.39%) were in grade 0, grade 1, grade 2 and grade 4, respectively. With BART as the end point, the result of multivariate logistic regression showed that female gender( OR=3.32, P<0.001), anemia( OR=2.24, P=0.04), clearance creatine≤85 ml/min( OR=1.93, P=0.01), D-dimer level(every 500 ng/ml increase, OR=1.02, P=0.003), cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) time( OR=1.01, P<0.001), total arch replacement(TAR, OR=2.40, P=0.02) were independent risk factors for massive bleeding, and the time from onset to operation( OR=0.86, P=0.01) was protective factor. With UDPB 4 class as the end point, multivariate logistic regression showed that creatinine clearance≤85 ml/min( OR=2.05, P=0.001), CPB time( OR=1.01, P=0.04) were independent risk factors for massive bleeding. The time from anset to operation( OR=0.85, P=0.002) and Bentall procedure( OR=0.65, P=0.04) were the protective factors. Conclusion:Massive bleeding was more common in acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Female gender, poor preoperative renal function, high D-dimer level, early time accepting surgical operation and long CPB were independent risk factors. For high-risk patients, simple and effective surgical methods should be taken to reduce the risk of bleeding.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829212

ABSTRACT

@#The aortic dissection (AD) carries high mortality which increases by 1%-2% per hour after onset in untreated patients. Fifty percent of patients will die in 48 hours, and 70%-80% patients will die in 2 weeks without treatment. Moreover, acute AD during pregnancy is a rare and much catastrophic disease with high lethality for the mother and fetus simultaneously. At present, AD is so rare that most articles are mainly small cohort studies and case reports. Therefore, we reviewed literatures in order to provide clinical reference for the comprehensive treatment of AD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the surgical treatment strategy for aortic injury caused by trauma.Methods:From January 2009 to January 2018, 34 patients with TAI were treated in Beijing Anzhen Hospital. 10 had hypertension. 23 cases were males. There were 31 cases caused by traffic accidents, 2 cases were fall injuries, and 1 case was bruise. 9 cases were thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm, 6 cases were thoracic aorta, and 19 cases were aortic dissection. 29 patients underwent TEVAR and 5 patients underwent OR (2 patients with type A aortic dissection undergoing Bentall + Sun's procedure, 1 patient with type B aortic dissection and 2 patients with thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm undergoing stented elephant trunk procedure).Results:The follow-up time was (45.09±23.10) months. The mean age of patients undergoing OR or TEVAR was (44.80±20.57) years old, (45.93±11.01) years old; the mean operation time was(403.20±30.30) minutes, (105.72±27.76) minutes; the mean hospitalization (19.00±6.04), (5.76±3.08) days. There were no deaths in the two groups. 2 patients uundergoing TEVAR had left upper limb numbness.Conclusion:The treatment of patients with TAI should be based on the general condition, the classification of injury, the involving regions and anatomical features to choose different treatments. In addition, the long-term prognosis of patients remains to be determined.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711777

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical outcomes and surgical indications for chronic type A aortic dissection (CTAD) by using Sun's procedure with preservation of autologous brachiocephalic vessels.Methods From September 2010 to December 2013, 23 patients with CTAD underwent Sun's procedure with preservation of autologous brachiocephalic vessels under moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest combined with selective cerebral perfusion in our center .The data was collected and analysed retrospectively.There were 20 males and 3 females patients with a mean age of(49.91 ±10.05) years.Preopera-tive comorbidities included Marfan syndrome in 1 patient, isolated left vertebral artery in 1, hypertension in 19, coronary artery disease in 2, heart dysfunction in 1, renal insufficiency in 1, mitral regurgitation in 1, and pulmonary infection in 1.Previous operation history included thoracic endovascular aortic repair in 3, percutaneous coronary intervention in 1, aortic valve re-placement in 1, Bentall procedure in 1, and coronary artery bypass grafting in 1.Results The average operation time, car-diopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross clamping time and selective cerebral perfusion time was(6.43 ±1.03) h,(167.07 ± 49.62) min,(80.74 ±29.00) min, and(27.35 ±6.03) min, respectively.Concomitant procedures included Bentall proce-dure in 6 patients, ascending aorta replacement in 17, ascending aorta-femoral artery bypass in 1, mitral valvuloplasty in 1, and CABG in 1.There were 2(8.70%) in hospital deaths.Three patients suffered temporary renal dysfunction, and 1 with re-nal failure recieved continuous renal replacement therapy .Postoperative hypoxemia were found in 2 patients, and 1 of them re-ceived reintubation.These patients recovered before discharge.The mean follow-up time was(52.52 ±9.89) months with a follow-up rate of 95.23%(20/21).One patient suffered cerebral embolism but recovered soon after treatment.The others were free from any complications.Conclusion Sun's procedure with preservation of autologous brachiocephalic vessels simplified the aortic arch surgery and obtained satisfactory outcomes for suitable patients with CTAD , but surgical indications should be strictly considered.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806459

ABSTRACT

A growing body of diversified antibiotic resistances raises a significant challenge to anti-infection clinical therapeutics. The emergence of superbugs carrying MCR-1/2 or NDM-1 determinants underlines the importance and urgency in elucidation of molecular mechanisms shared by antibiotic resistances. It is aware that different classes of bactericidal antibiotics consistently stimulate the production of deleterious reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are accompanied with metabolic disturbance. The different destinations of ROS determine its consequence on bacterial fate. Here, we review antibiotic-induced production, progression and transformation of ROS, as well as its role in the development of antibiotic resistance. Additionally, we anticipate that mesosome-like structures-aided exclusion of hydrogen peroxide might represent a previously-unknown mechanism for antibiotic resistance. This mini-review is aiming to present an update overview on antibiotic resistance and provide clues to the development of novel antibiotics.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513319

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a Chinese expert consensus of the surgical management for type A aortic dissection (TAAD) by using the Delphi method.Methods A systematic review of the previously published literature related to management of TAAD at home and abroad was conducted to formulate a questionnaire of clinical consensus of the surgical treatment for TAAD.This questionnaire including seven aspects of surgical management for TAAD,namely contraindications to operative management,cannulation site,target temperature during circulation arrest,cerebral perfusion strategy,surgical procedure,distal anastomotic technique and surgical management for patients with connective tissue disease such as Marfan syndrome.From October 2015 to April 2016,we performed two rounds Delphi survey in which the current professional opinions from 55 experienced and representative cardiovascular surgeons in China,were gathered and analysed.Results The responses rates of two rounds were 80.0% (44/55) and 77.27% (34/44).The scores of authoritative coefficient was 0.87 and 0.83.The coefficient of concordance were 0.31 (P < 0.05) and 0.32 (P < 0.05).After two rounds of consultation,consensus of the surgical management for TAAD was reached on 16 items of seven aspects.Conclusion This Delphi study established an initial Chinese expert consensus concerning the surgical management for TAAD,which drew credible results and reliable conclusions.This study will helo to standardize the surgical management of TAAD in China.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686722

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical results of the surgical treatment for Stanford B aortic dissection patients with proximal aortic aneurysm(including aortic root,ascending,arch) by enblock technique.Methods From Jun.2011 to Oct.2015,20 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection and proximal aortic aneurysm underwent open surgery by enbloc technique in our center.Among them,there were 15 male and 5 female.Average age of patients was(40.65 ± 13.55) years (range:22-65 years).The comorbidities of proximal aortic diseases are ascending aortic aneurysm in 10,aortic root aneurysm in 8,and aortic arch aneurysm in 2.All the surgeries were accomplished by hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass assist.The combined surgery includes:extra-anatomy bypass grafting in 16,Bentall procedure in 15,ascending aortic repair in 5.Before surgery and discharged from hospital computed tomography angiography(CTA) was performed in each patient.All patients except 2 were followed.During the follow-up,CTA was performed and recorded.Results The average operation time,cardiopulmonary bypass time,aortic clamping time and selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) time are (6.47 ± 1.01)h (4.5-9 h),(173.60 ± 43.39) min (109-303 min),(91.25 ± 28.63) min (51-165 min),(27.25 ± 6.80) min (17-43 min),respectively.The mean nasopharyngeal temperature during SCP is(23.77 ± 1.27)℃ (21.6-26℃).There were no operative deaths.The mean follow-up time is (32.44 ± 17.27)months (range:8-60 months).Two patients underwent aortic re-intervention during follow-up.And 2 patients were lost follow-up(The follow-up rate is 90%).One late death was found.The patient succumbed to sudden distal aortic rupture.Other patients are survived without any complications.Conclusion Enblock technique is a relatively simple procedure in total aortic arch repair surgery.And it can be a safely surgical treatment for type B aortic dissection patients with proximal aortic aneurysm.The indications of enblock technique for Stanford B aortic dissection patients are those who combined with proximal aortic aneurysm.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495489

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize our experience of surgical repair for cervical aortic arch(CAA) aneurysm and eval-uate early and midterm results of these patients.Methods From January 2010 to December 2014, 22 patients with left-sided CAA aneurysm admitted in our center.There were 6 male and 16 female patients with a mean age of(34.09 ±13.14) years. Comorbidities included pseudocoarctation in 9 patients, hypertension in 4 patients, and aortic valve insufficiency, Stanford type B aortic dissection and middle cerebral artery aneurysm each had 1 patient.All of the patients underwent surgical aortic arch re-construction using artificial graft replacement.Among them, 4(4/22, 18.18%) were performed under moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest(MHCA) combined with selective antegrade cerebral perfusion(SACP) via a median sternotomy, and concom-itant aortic valve replacement(AVR) was implemented in 1 patient.18(18/22, 81.82%) were performed via posterolateral left thoracotomy through the 4th intercostal space, and adjunct methods applied included partial CPB and “simple clamping” in 10 and 8 of these patients respectively.Results The average mechanical ventilation time and ICU stay time was (13.05 ± 4.73)h and(19.14 ±8.08) h respectively.1 patient required repeat thoracotomy for bleeding, 1 patient with delayed wound healing and 1 patient suffered transient liver dysfunction.There were no in-hospital deaths.Mean follow-up time was 34.73 months, and 3 patients were lost during follow-up.There were no late deaths during follow-up.Conclusion Repair of CAA is indicated for the patients with arch aneurysm formation .According to the locations and types of aneurysms and other concomi-tant proximal cardiovascular diseases, performing one-stage surgical aortic arch reconstruction with individualized incisions , ad-junct methods and operative procedures can obtain satisfactory clinical outcomes in patients with CAA aneurysm .

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