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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 721-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy in the treatment of cystic renal masses.Methods:The 19 patients with cystic renal masses undergoing laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy from November 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females. The average age was 46.2 years. The mean body mass index was (25.8±3.1) kg/m 2. The masses located in the left kidney in 7 cases and the right kidney in 12 cases. The ECOG scores were 0. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was (2.8±1.3) cm. Five cases were diagnosed with Bosniak Ⅲ and 14 cases with Bosniak Ⅳ. According to R. E.N.A.L. scoring, 11 cases were of low difficulty (4-6 points), 7 cases of medium difficulty (7-9 points) and 1 case of high difficulty (10-12 points). The cystic renal masses were ablated by laparoscopic microwave ablation, then followed by partial nephrectomy. Postoperative complications were observed and the prognosis was assessed by CT or MRI. Results:The mean duration of operation was (84.0±20.8) min. The median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-50) ml. The median duration of postoperative hospitalization was 3 (2-6) d, and no complications such as bleeding, infection, gross hematuria or urine leakage were observed. According to the malignant degree of cystic renal masses, the patients were divided into low-risk group and high-risk group. The patients with benign cystic kidney tumors or with low biological malignancy were considered as the low-risk group, while the patients with high malignant pathology were considered as the high-risk group. In the low-risk group, there were 4 patients, including 1 patient with papillary adenoma, 1 patient with renal angiomyolipoma, 1 patient with low-grade malignant potential multilocular cystic renal tumor, and 1 patient with renal chromophobe carcinoma (stage T 1a). In the high-risk group, there were 15 cases, including 14 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (AJCC pathological stage: T 1a stage 11 cases, T 1b stage 3 cases; WHO/ISUP classification: 7 cases in grade 1, 6 cases in grade 2, and 1 case in grade 3); 1 case of Type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (stage T 1b, grade 2). The median follow-up was 20 months (12-37 months). Both groups survived, and no signs of tumor recurrence, implantation or metastasis were found in chest and abdomen imaging. Blood tests were performed regularly, and no significant abnormalities occurred. Conclusions:The safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy for the treatment of cystic renal masses is satisfactory, and postoperative pathology is clear, providing a potential option for cystic renal masses treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 153-156, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869616

ABSTRACT

Renal cell carcinoma is one of the common malignant tumors in genitourinary cancer.20%-30% of patients have distant metastases.However,current biomarkers used for diagnosis,recurrence monitoring,and prognosis assessment are still uncertain.Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells that are detached from the primary tumor or metastases,and invade and presenting in peripheral blood vessels.Therefore,CTCs is regarded as a key step in the process of tumor metastasis.However,current studies on CTCs of renal cell carcinoma are facing with problems such as inconsistent detection methods and limited clinical applications.This article reviews the progress in the detection and clinical application of CTCs of renal cell carcinoma.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869584

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between SUVmax on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients treated with radical prostatectomy.Methods The clinicopahtological data of patients evaluated with 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT preoperatively and treated with radical prostatectomy between May 2016 and August 2019 were retrospectively reviewed.31 patients with a mean age (63.1 ± 4.9) and baseline PSA (72.71 ± 173.15) ng/ml were enrolled.Their BMI mean (24.6 ± 3.0) kg/m2.Baseline testosterone of 14 patients was (4.72 ± 1.64) ng/ml.Based on the Gleason scores related ISUP classification,all patients were classified into grade one in 5 cases,grade 2in 7 cases,grade 3 in 4 cases,grade 4 in 10 cases and grade 5 in 5 cases.The clinical classification included 6 cases in T2a stage,2 cases in T2b stage,17 cases in T2c stage,1 case in T3a stage,4 cases in T3b stage and 1 case in T4 stage.SUVmax was accessed by two independent professional nuclear medicine physicians.SUVmax was 12.49 ± 9.38.SPSS 16.0 software was used to do statistic analysis.Results The post-operative pathological results showed the surgical margin positive in 19 cases,negative in 12 cases,vascular positive in 5 cases,negative in 20 case,positive nerve invasion in 20 cases and negative in 11 cases.2 patients were low risk,7 patients were medium risk and 22 patients were high risk according to D'Amico classification.Based on the basis of PSA(≤ 10 or > 10) and Gleason score (≤6 or > 6),6 patients were in group with low PSA and low Gleason score,5 patients were low PSA and high Gleason score,9 patients were high PSA and low Gleason score,11 patients were high PSA and high Gleason score.SUVmax had a significant positive relationship with pathological ISUP (r =0.434,P =0.015) and SUVmax in patients with positive intravascular tumor emboli was significantly higher than those with negative intravascular tumor emboli (14.78 ± 10.68 vs.8.17 ± 2.81,P =0.005).No significant correlation was found between SUVmax and baseline PSA,testosterone,pathologic T stage,surgical margin,nerve invasion,pelvic lymph node status as well as risk stratification.SUVmax could distinguish pathologic ISUP grade 5 with a maximum AUC 0.747 (P =0.033) and the sensitivity was 88.9%.The specificity was 77.3% when SUVmax ≥ 11.34.SUVmax in patients with upgrading ISUP was significantly higher than that in patients with downgrading ISUP (16.01 ± 5.40 vs.4.98 ± 2.11,P =0.007).Conclusions SUVmax measured on preoperative 68 Ga-PSMA PET-CT may have a clinical significance in predicting unfavorable pathological factors for patients treated with radical prostatectomy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798856

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between SUVmax on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients treated with radical prostatectomy.@*Methods@#The clinicopahtological data of patients evaluated with 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT preoperatively and treated with radical prostatectomy between May 2016 and August 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. 31 patients with a mean age (63.1±4.9) and baseline PSA (72.71±173.15)ng/ml were enrolled. Their BMI mean (24.6±3.0)kg/m2. Baseline testosterone of 14 patients was (4.72±1.64)ng/ml.Based on the Gleason scores related ISUP classification, all patients were classified into grade one in 5 cases, grade 2in 7 cases, grade 3 in 4 cases, grade 4 in 10 cases and grade 5 in 5 cases. The clinical classification included 6 cases in T2a stage, 2 cases in T2b stage, 17 cases in T2c stage, 1 case in T3a stage, 4 cases in T3b stage and 1 case in T4 stage. SUVmax was accessed by two independent professional nuclear medicine physicians. SUVmax was 12.49±9.38. SPSS 16.0 software was used to do statistic analysis.@*Results@#The post-operative pathological results showed the surgical margin positive in 19 cases, negative in 12 cases, vascular positive in 5 cases, negative in 20 case, positive nerve invasion in 20 cases and negative in 11 cases. 2 patients were low risk, 7 patients were medium risk and 22 patients were high risk according to D′Amico classification. Based on the basis of PSA(≤10 or>10) and Gleason score(≤6 or>6), 6 patients were in group with low PSA and low Gleason score, 5 patients were low PSA and high Gleason score, 9 patients were high PSA and low Gleason score, 11 patients were high PSA and high Gleason score. SUVmax had a significant positive relationship with pathological ISUP(r=0.434, P=0.015) and SUVmax in patients with positive intravascular tumor emboli was significantly higher than those with negative intravascular tumor emboli(14.78±10.68 vs. 8.17±2.81, P=0.005). No significant correlation was found between SUVmax and baseline PSA, testosterone, pathologic T stage, surgical margin, nerve invasion, pelvic lymph node status as well as risk stratification. SUVmax could distinguish pathologic ISUP grade 5 with a maximum AUC 0.747 (P=0.033) and the sensitivity was 88.9%. The specificity was 77.3% when SUVmax≥11.34. SUVmax in patients with upgrading ISUP was significantly higher than that in patients with downgrading ISUP (16.01±5.40 vs. 4.98±2.11, P=0.007).@*Conclusions@#SUVmax measured on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT may have a clinical significance in predicting unfavorable pathological factors for patients treated with radical prostatectomy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 347-350, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709529

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of nephron-sparing surgery in giant renal angiomyolipomas with the maximum diameter greater than 15 cm and its relevant surgical experience.Methods Between July 2014 to January 2017,5 patients with giant renal angiomyolipoma greater than 15 cm was admitted to our hospital for nephron-sparing surgery.The patients were all female ranging in age from 32-50 years (43.0 ± 7.1) years.According to the tumor imaging characteristics,we divided them into 3 different types including diffuse endogenous,exogenous and mixed type.All the tumors meet the criterion of exogenous type,ranging in diameter from 15.0-28.0 cm (20.4 ± 5.8) cm.4 patients harbored one single tumor and the other bilateral tumors.All the giant tumors located on the right side.Open transperitoneal nephron-sparing surgery was performed.Result During the operation,to find the joint site between the tumor and normal kidney is the key procedure in order to reserve more normal renal parenchyma.The operation time ranged from 105-175 min (125.4 ± 28.4) min,warm ischemia time 8-20 min (15.8 ±4.8) min,blood loss 50-400 ml (162.0 ± 141.5) ml.The average postoperative drainage volume ranged from 50-165 ml (99 ± 45) ml,the time of drainage tube removal 1-8 days (4.0 ± 2.6) days.The postoperative serum creatinine had no significant change compared to the value before operation (P =0.808).Postoperative hospital stay was 5-12 days (7.2 ± 2.9) days.Benign renal angiomyolipoma with negative margins was diagnosed as expected.No patient had a recurrence after a 1-32 months follow-up.Conclusion Nephron-sparing surgery could be used selectively in patients with giant renal angiomyolipoma greater than 15cm.For the tumors with the characteristic of exogenous type on imaging assessment before operation,open transperitoneal nephron-sparing surgery was an optional choice and could be implemented safely.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 791-796, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662110

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of local treatment for the prognosis of hormonesensitive metastatic prostate cancer.Methods A systematic review of the literature about local treatment for the prognosis of hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer was performed,searching Medline,Embase,Cochrane Library,CBM,CNKI,VIP and Wan Fang database from January 2001 to October 2016.Two authors reviewed the records to identify comparative studies.A meta-analysis was conducted using Review Manager 5.0.Results Five studies were enrolled,including 29 354 patients.Meta-analysis showed that,compared with no local treatment,local treatment had a significant beneficial effect in 5-year overall survival rate (OR =0.18,95 % CI 0.15-0.22,P < 0.01),5-year disease specific survival rate (OR =0.39,95 % CI 0.31-0.49,P<0.01) as well as 3-year overall survival rate (OR =0.47,95% CI 0.35-0.62,P<0.01).Sub-group analysis showed that,compared with no local treatment,prostatectomy had a significant beneficial effect in 5-year overall survival rate (OR =0.17,95 % CI 0.12-0.25,P < 0.01),5-year disease specific survival rate (OR =0.30,95% CI 0.22-0.40,P <0.01) as well as 3-year overall survival rate (OR=0.25,95%CI 0.19-0.32,P <0.01),and external beam radiation therapy only had a significant beneficial effect in 3-year overall survival rate (OR =0.54,95% CI 0.42-0.69,P < 0.01).Conclusions Prostatectomy and external beam radiation therapy may have a survival benefit for hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer.Prospective randomized controlled studies are necessary because of the limits of current studies.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 791-796, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659415

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of local treatment for the prognosis of hormonesensitive metastatic prostate cancer.Methods A systematic review of the literature about local treatment for the prognosis of hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer was performed,searching Medline,Embase,Cochrane Library,CBM,CNKI,VIP and Wan Fang database from January 2001 to October 2016.Two authors reviewed the records to identify comparative studies.A meta-analysis was conducted using Review Manager 5.0.Results Five studies were enrolled,including 29 354 patients.Meta-analysis showed that,compared with no local treatment,local treatment had a significant beneficial effect in 5-year overall survival rate (OR =0.18,95 % CI 0.15-0.22,P < 0.01),5-year disease specific survival rate (OR =0.39,95 % CI 0.31-0.49,P<0.01) as well as 3-year overall survival rate (OR =0.47,95% CI 0.35-0.62,P<0.01).Sub-group analysis showed that,compared with no local treatment,prostatectomy had a significant beneficial effect in 5-year overall survival rate (OR =0.17,95 % CI 0.12-0.25,P < 0.01),5-year disease specific survival rate (OR =0.30,95% CI 0.22-0.40,P <0.01) as well as 3-year overall survival rate (OR=0.25,95%CI 0.19-0.32,P <0.01),and external beam radiation therapy only had a significant beneficial effect in 3-year overall survival rate (OR =0.54,95% CI 0.42-0.69,P < 0.01).Conclusions Prostatectomy and external beam radiation therapy may have a survival benefit for hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer.Prospective randomized controlled studies are necessary because of the limits of current studies.

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