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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1326-1334, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the accuracy, safety, and short-term effectiveness of a domestic robot-assisted system in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by a multicenter randomized controlled trial.@*METHODS@#Between December 2021 and February 2023, 138 patients with knee osteoarthritis who received TKA in 5 clinical centers were prospectively collected, and 134 patients met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to either a trial group ( n=68) or a control group ( n=66). Seven patients had lost follow-up and missing data, so they were excluded and the remaining 127 patients were included for analysis, including 66 patients in the trial group and 61 patients in the control group. There was no significant difference ( P>0.05) in gender, age, body mass index, side, duration of osteoarthritis, Kellgren-Lawrence grading, preoperative Knee Society Score (KSS) and Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score between the two groups. The trial group completed the TKA by domestic robot-assisted osteotomy according to the preoperative CT-based surgical planning. The control group was performed by traditional osteotomy plate combined with soft tissue release. Total operation time, osteotomy time of femoral/tibial side, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. The radiographs were taken at 5 and 90 days after operation, and hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), lateral distal angle of femur (LDFA), and posterior tibial slope (PTS) were measured. The difference between the measured values of the above indexes at two time points after operation and the preoperative planning target values was calculated, and the absolute value (absolute error) was taken for comparison between the two groups. The postoperative recovery of lower limb alignment was judged and the accuracy was calculated. KSS score and WOMAC score were used to evaluate the knee joint function of patients before operation and at 90 days after operation. The improvement rates of KSS score and WOMAC score were calculated. The function, stability, and convenience of the robot-assisted system were evaluated by the surgeons.@*RESULTS@#The total operation time and femoral osteotomy time of the trial group were significantly longer than those of the control group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the tibial osteotomy time and the amount of intraoperative blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incisions of both groups healed by first intention after operation, and there was no infection around the prosthesis. Nine patients in the trial group and 8 in the control group developed lower extremity vascular thrombosis, all of which were calf intermuscular venous thrombosis, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up 90 days. There was no significant difference in KSS score and WOMAC score between the two groups at 90 days after operation ( P>0.05). There was significant difference in the improvement rate of KSS score between the two groups ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the improvement rate of WOMAC score between the two groups ( P>0.05). Radiological results showed that the absolute errors of HKA and LDFA in the trial group were significantly smaller than those in the control group at 5 and 90 days after operation ( P<0.05), and the recovery accuracy of lower limb alignment was significantly higher than that in control group ( P<0.05). The absolute error of PTS in the trial group was significantly smaller than that in the control group at 5 days after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference at 90 days between the two groups ( P>0.05). The functional satisfaction rate of the robot-assisted system was 98.5% (65/66), and the satisfaction rates of stability and convenience were 100% (66/66).@*CONCLUSION@#Domestic robot-assisted TKA is a safe and effective surgical treatment for knee osteoarthritis, which can achieve favorable lower limb alignment reconstruction, precise implant of prosthesis, and satisfactory functional recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Robotics , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Retrospective Studies
2.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 819-828, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical diagnosis, treatment ,and surgical timing of otogenic intracranial complications. Methods:The clinical data of 11 patients with intracranial complications with ear symptoms as the first manifestation in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University(Qingdao) from December 2014 to June 2022 were collected, including 8 males and 3 females, aged from 4 to 69 years. All patients had complete otoendoscopy, audiology, imaging and etiology examination, and the diagnosis and treatment plan was jointly developed through multidisciplinary consultation according to the critical degree of clinical symptoms and imaging changes. Among the 11 patients, 5 cases were treated with intracranial lesions first in neurosurgery department and middle ear lesions later in otolaryngology, 3 cases of meningitis, were treated with middle ear surgery after intracranial infection control, 1 case was treated with middle ear lesions and intracranial infection simultaneously, and 2 cases were treated with sigmoid sinus and transverse sinus thrombosis conservatively. They were followed up for 1-6 years. Descriptive statistical methods were used for analysis. Results:All the 11 patients had ear varying symptoms, including ear pain, pus discharge and hearing loss, etc, and then fever appeared, headache, disturbance of consciousness, facial paralysis and other intracranial complication. Otoendoscopy showed perforation of the relaxation of the tympanic membrane in 5 cases, major perforation of the tension in 3 cases, neoplasia in the ear canal in 1 case, bulging of the tympanic membrane in 1 case, and turbidity of the tympanic membrane in 1 case. There were 4 cases of conductive hearing loss, 4 cases of mixed hearing loss and 3 cases of total deafness. Imaging examination showed cholesteatoma of the middle ear complicated with temporal lobe brain abscess in 4 cases, cerebellar abscess in 2 cases, cholesteatoma of the middle ear complicated with intracranial infection in 3 cases, and sigmoid sinus thrombophlebitis in 2 cases. In the etiological examination, 2 cases of Streptococcus pneumoniae were cultured in the pus of brain abscess and cerebrospinal fluid, and 1 case was cultured in streptococcus vestibularis, Bacteroides uniformis and Proteus mirabilis respectively. During the follow-up, 1 patient died of cardiovascular disease 3 years after discharge, and the remaining 10 patients survived. There was no recurrence of intracranial and middle ear lesions. Sigmoid sinus and transverse sinus thrombosis were significantly improved. Conclusion:Brain abscess, intracranial infection and thrombophlebitis are the most common otogenic intracranial complications, and cholesteatoma of middle ear is the most common primary disease. Timely diagnosis, multidisciplinary collaboration, accurate grasp of the timing in the treatment of primary focal and complications have improved the cure rate of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Brain Abscess/therapy , Cholesteatoma , Deafness/etiology , Hearing Loss/etiology , Lateral Sinus Thrombosis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Thrombophlebitis/therapy , Cholesteatoma, Middle Ear/therapy , Central Nervous System Infections/therapy , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial/therapy , Ear Diseases/therapy
3.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2427-2434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003837

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo clarify the evolutionary laws of syndromes and syndrome elements at different stages during the malignant transformation of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). MethodsA total of 671 patients with hepatitis B virus infection, who were admitted to the outpatient and inpatient departments of Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from July 1st, 2020 to June 30th, 2021, were included, involving 120 cases of CHB, 340 cases of hepatitis B liver cirrhosis (HBLC), 64 cases of precancerous lesions with hepatitis B liver cirrhosis (PLHC), and 147 cases of hepatitis B liver cirrhosis with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A Survey form of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome during malignant transformation of chronic hepatitis B was designed, and the general information, auxiliary examination and the four examinations results were collected. Factor analysis and K-means clustering were used to determine and statistically analyze the syndrome and syndrome elements. ResultsFive traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome types were identified in CHB patients, while there were six TCM syndrome types in HBLC, PLHC and HCC stages. Among CHB patients, the main syndromes were liver constraint and spleen deficiency (53.33%) and liver-gallbladder damp-heat (21.67%), and the dominant syndrome elements were qi stagnation (27.60%), heat (17.71%) and qi deficiency (17.71%). In the HBLC stage, the syndromes were mainly blood stasis obstructing the collaterals (23.83%) and liver constraint and spleen deficiency (22.35%), with dominant syndrome elements being blood stasis (19.25%), dampness (17.46%), and qi deficiency (15.01%). For the PLHC stage, the primary syndrome types were blood stasis obstructing the collaterals (29.68%) and liver-kidney yin deficiency (20.31%), and the leading syndrome elements were blood stasis (22.12%), yin deficiency (15.93%), and qi deficiency (15.04%). In the HCC stage, the syndrome was dominated by blood stasis obstructing the collaterals (33.34%) and liver-kidney yin deficiency (19.73%), with the main syndrome elements being blood stasis (24.52%), yin deficiency (16.09%), and qi deficiency (15.33%). During the progression of CHB to malignancy, there was a gradual decrease in excess syndromes including liver-gallbladder damp-heat and water-dampness internal obstruction from 21.67% to 19.04%. In contrast, deficiency syndromes including liver-kidney yin deficiency and spleen-kidney yang deficiency increased from 15.83% to 31.97%. Additionally, excess syndrome elements including qi stagnation, heat and dampness decreased from 59.89% to 34.48%, while deficiency syndrome elements including qi deficiency, yin deficiency and yang deficiency increased from 32.30% to 41.00%. ConclusionDuring the malignant transformation of CHB, there exists a progression of syndrome and syndrome elements, shifting from qi stagnation, heat and qi deficiency to blood stasis (predominantly excess), dampness and qi deficiency, and then to blood stasis (predominantly deficiency), yin deficiency and qi deficiency, characterized by “deficiency-excess complex, and shift from excess to deficiency”.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 496-502, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of locking proximal femur plates (LPFP) revision and artificial hip joint revision after failure of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) internal fixation in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted on the clinical data of 43 patients with PFNA internal fixation failure in the elderly admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital between March 2014 and October 2018. There were 23 males and 20 females, aged 65-83 years [(71.2±2.0)years]. The course of disease was 60-267 days [(83.1±3.6)days]. According to Evans classification, there were 11 patients with type II fractures, 13 with type III and 19 with type IV. There were 23 patients in artificial hip joint revision group and 20 patients in LPFP revision group. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospitalization time, total hospitalization time, Harris score and complications were recorded and evaluated in two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-28 months, with an average of 13.6 months. Between artificial joint revision group and LPFP revision group, the operation time and intraoperative blood loss were similar ( P>0.05), but there were significant difference in postoperative hospitalization time [(7.1±3.2)days vs. (13.2±2.9)days] and total hospitalization time [(10.2±2.8)days vs. (16.4±3.4)days] ( P<0.05). In artificial joint revision group, the Harris hip score was (21.1±3.7)points preoperatively, and was respective (70.7±4.8)points, (74.6±4.1)points, (78.6±3.3)points, (82.9±5.2)points, (83.8±5.8)points and (84.9±6.4)points at postoperative 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12 months. In LPFP revision group, the Harris score was (21.7±3.2)points preoperatively, and was respective (59.9±2.1)points, (64.79±3.4)points, (70.1±4.2)points, (73.9±4.2)points, (76.2±6.3)points and (77.9±6.8)points at postoperative 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12 months. The Harris score in artificial joint revision group was gradually improved compared with LPFP revision group ( P<0.05). One patient with superficial wound infection occurred in each group, and the wound healed after frequent dressing changes. Distal femoral fractures occurred in one patient of artificial joint revision group and distal femoral fractures in three patients of LPFP revision group, but all patients were healed after being fixed with wire. Conclusion:For elderly patients with PFNA internal fixation failure of intertrochanteric fracture, artificial hip revision has shorter hospital stay and better hip joint function recovery than LPFP internal fixation, although the effect in operation time and intraoperative blood loss are similar.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2261-2265, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829405

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features of patients with Caroli disease. MethodsThe clinical data were collected from 41 patients who were diagnosed with Caroli disease in The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from April 2015 to January 2020, and the patients were divided into type I group with 16 patients and type Ⅱ group with 25 patients. A retrospective analysis was performed for general information, laboratory markers, and clinical features. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data; a Spearman correlation analysis was also performed. ResultsThe type Ⅰ group had a significantly higher level of albumin (Alb) than the type Ⅱ group (t=0.976, P=0.048), and the type Ⅱ group had a significantly higher prothrombin time (PT) than the type I group (Z=3.115, P=0.001). Compared with the type I group, the type Ⅱ group had significantly higher incidence rates of esophageal and gastric varices, upper gastrointestinal bleeding and/or tarry stool, and portal hypertension (χ2=6.077, 5.468, and 2.403, P=0.002, 0.019, and 0.028). In the patients with type Ⅱ Caroli disease, the level of cholinesterase was negatively correlated with the incidence rates of esophageal and gastric varices and portal hypertension (r=-0.468 and -0.436, P=0.018 and 0.029); Alb level was negatively correlated with the incidence rate of esophageal and gastric varices (r=-0.561, P=0.004); red blood cell count was negatively correlated with the incidence rates of esophageal and gastric varices, upper gastrointestinal bleeding and/or tarry stool, and portal hypertension (r=-0.662, -0.566, and -0.436, P<0.001, P=0.003, and P=0.029); hemoglobin count was negatively correlated with the incidence rates of esophageal and gastric varices, upper gastrointestinal bleeding and/or tarry stool, and portal hypertension (r=-0.605, -0.590, and -0.510, P=0.001, 0.002, and 0.009); PT was positively correlated with the incidence rates of esophageal varices and portal hypertension (r=0.488 and 0.520, P=0.013 and 0.008). ConclusionCompared with the patients with type I Caroli disease, the patients with type Ⅱ Caroli disease have a higher incidence rates of esophageal and gastric varices, upper gastrointestinal bleeding and/or tarry stool, and portal hypertension, with the changes in clinical indicators such as the decrease of Alb level and the increase of PT level, and they tend to have poor prognosis.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2248-2252, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829402

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the features and changing trend of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in the elderly from 2009 to 2019, and to provide a reference for clinical prevention and treatment of DILI in the elderly. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 2107 elderly patients, aged ≥60 years, who were diagnosed with DILI in The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2009 to December 2019, and they were divided into groups according to age. Related clinical data were analyzed, including age, sex, clinical features, prognosis, and regional distribution. The Chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. ResultsAmong the 2107 patients with DILI, there were 802 male patients and 1305 female patients, with a male/female ratio of 1∶1.63. Cholestasis type was the most common clinical type and was observed in 1439 patients (68.3%). There was the highest number of patients in the 60-64 years group (942 patients, 44.7%), among whom 618(65.6%) were female, 589(62.5%) had cholestasis type, 471(50.0%) had chronic DILI, 421(44.7%) had drug-induced liver cirrhosis, and 25(2.7%) had drug-induced liver failure. There were 187 patients in the 75-79 years group, among whom 110 (58.8%) patients were male, 137(73.3%) had cholestasis type, 114(60.9%) had liver cirrhosis, 4(2.1%) had drug-induced liver failure. The results showed that chronic DILI was more common in the 60-64 years group, and liver cirrhosis was more common in the 75-79 years group. As for prognosis, in the 60-64 years group, 27 patients (2.9%) were cured, 885 (93.9%) were improved, 30(32%) had no response or died; in the 65-69 years group, 16 (2.8%) were cured, 528 (92.0%) were improved, and 30(5.2%) had no response or died; in the 70-74 years group, 9(2.8%) were cured, 305(94.1%) were improved, and 10 (3.6%) had no response or died. The results showed that there was no significant difference in mortality rate between the different age groups (P>0.05). The proportion of elderly DILI patients among hospitalized DILI patients increased from 15.90% in 2009 to 22.05% in 2013 and 27.51% in 2019, with a 1.73-fold increase in 11 years. As for regional distribution, the patients in North China accounted for the highest proportion of 47.08% (the patients from Hebei, Shanxi, and Inner Mongolia accounted for 24.92%, 10.96%, and 10.25%, respectively), followed by those in Northeast China who accounted for 17.85%. The patients in Beijing accounted for 11.53%. ConclusionThe proportion of elderly DILI patients among hospitalized DILI patients tends to increase in these years. Cholestasis type is the most common clinical type, and most of the patients with this clinical type progress to chronic DILI and drug-induced liver cirrhosis. Early diagnosis, early intervention, and standardized treatment of elderly DILI should be taken seriously.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 814-816, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710873

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data of 87 patients with suspected cervical posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) rupture,who underwent cervical spine surgery in Luoyang Orthopedic Hospital from January 2015 to September 2017,were analyzed retrospectively.The criteria of MRI diagnosis for PLL rupture were the low signal image of the PLL on the posterior margin of the vertebral body,the discontinuity or continuous interruption,or the local highlighting signal on the T2 weighted image.According to intraoperative findings,the diagnostic accuracy of MRI for PLL rupture was examined.Among 87 patients,31 cases were diganosed as PLL rupture by preoperative MRI;and 38 cases were confirmed by intraoperative exploration,of whom 30 were diagnosed with MRI,and 8 were missed by MRI.The accuracy,sensitivity and specificity of MRI in the diagnosis of ruptured PLL were 0.90,0.79 and 0.98 respectively.MRI has a good diagnostic efficiency in PLL rupture,which can be used for preoperative investigation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4271-4276, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607501

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients with hip instability due to cerebral palsy, hemiplegia, infantile paralysis and extensive damage in gluteus medius, appear with high dislocation rate after arthroplasty, which is a great challenge for clinicians.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reconstruction of the hip joint stability with the dual-mobility acetabular cup, and to prevent the dislocation after replacement in patients with hip neuromuscular lesions.METHODS: Twelve cases of hemiplegia, infantile paralysis, developmental dysplasia of the hip and recurrent dislocation after hip arthroplasty admitted in the Orthopedic Treatment Center, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine from January 2010 to July 2014 were enrolled, then underwent joint replacement or revision with dual-mobility cup, and the dynamic stability of the hip was achieved by adjusting the abductor lever arm.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The followed-up time was from 20 to 60 months. (2) One year later, one case suffered Vancouver A right femoral fracture and received conservative treatment at 1 year postoperatively; one case of dislocation at postoperative 1 week, and dislocation, infection and loosening occurred in none cases. (3) These results manifest that those patients with neuromuscular disease and hip instability treated with hip joint arthroplasty using dual-mobility acetabular cup can reconstruct the stability of the hip joint and prevent the occurrence of postoperative dislocation.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2663-2666, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498122

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression and clinical significance of Kif2a in breast carcinoma by the application of tissue microarray. Methods Tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry method (S-P) were used to examine the expression of Kif2a in 102 cases of breast carcinoma tissue and adjacent tissue. The prognosis of 62 cases followed up were studied by both univariate and multivariate analysis. Results The expression of Kif2a has significant difference between breast carcinoma tissue and adjacent tissue. Kif2a expression were associated with lymph nodal involvement and HER2 expression (P < 0.05). In the 62 cases with followed-up data, univariante analysis revealed that the expression of Kif2a, lymph nodal involvement and HER2 expression were correlated with the survival rate. Cox stepwise proportional hazards analysis showed that they were independently prognostic factors. Conclusions Kif2a expression in breast carcinoma were associated with lymph nodal involvement and HER2 expression (P<0.05). It is meaningful to examine Kif2a expression for prognosis of the breast carcinoma.

10.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 24479-24485, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486518

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Pedicle screw implantation is a common method to repair many kinds of diseases of the lower cervical spine. Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction visualization system can be used in order to improve the accuracy of the implant and improve the prognosis. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of 3D reconstruction visualization system on the accuracy of cervical pedicle screw implantation. METHODS: The clinical data of 89 patients with cervical spine dislocation, who underwent cervical pedicle screw implantation, were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into control group (46 cases) and observation group (43 cases) according to the navigation method. Patients in the control group underwent C arm X ray two dimensional navigation. Patients in the observation group underwent three-dimensional reconstruction visualization system navigation. Intraoperative placement time was observed, and the accuracy of screw placement was assessed in both groups. The cases were folowed up for 12 months, and the adverse events were recorded and compared. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Intraoperative implantation time was shorter in the observation group than in the control group, but no significant difference was found (P> 0.05). (2) Accuracy rate: There were no three types of nail cases in the observation group, and the accuracy rate was 93% (40/43). In the control group, two cases affected three types of nailing, and the accuracy rate was 81% (37/46). The accuracy rate was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P < 0.05). (3) Postoperative folow-up: None suffered from nerve tissue injury to vertebral artery, blood vessel and spinal cord. The screws of the two groups were in stable condition, without screw breakage or loosening. (4) Results suggested that in lower cervical pedicle nail implantation, 3D reconstruction navigation system can effectively improve the accuracy of screw placement, and does not increase nailing time or lead to adverse events. It is a safe and effective navigation mode.

11.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 14-18, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502898

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the preventive and therapeutic effects of a traditional Chinese medicine Taohe Chengqi decoction on a rat models of hepatic encephalopathy ( HE) induced by thioacetamide ( TAA) .Methods The rat model of HE was established by intraperitoneal injection of TAA,and the effects of Taohe Chengqi decoction were observed by neurobehavioral changes,neurological test,blood ammonia,serum biochemical indexes,and liver and brain pathological examination.Results The rat model of hepatic encephalopathy was successfully established.Low, medium and high dose Taohe Chengqi decoction markedly improved neuro-reflexes and liver and brain pathological damages, and significantly decreased the HE staging and serum biochemical indexes, and the results of high dose group was the best, similar to that of positive drug-treatment group.Conclusions Taohe Chengqi decoction exhibits promising preventive and therapeutic effects on the rat model of TAA-induced hepatic encephalopathy, and these results provide substantial experimetal evidence for its clinical application.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 418-421, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248340

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of preparation of a mouse model of orthotopic colon cancer by injecting tumor cell suspension into mesenteric triangle of the cecum.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty SPF 8-week old BALB/c mice (male:female = 1:1) were used in this study. The mouse caecum was exposed by laparostomy, and suspension of mouse colon adenocarcinoma CT26. WT cells was injected into the mesenteric triangle of cecum for preparation of a mouse model of orthotopic colon cancer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Mouse orthotopic colon cancer was developed by injection of tumor cell suspension into mesenteric triangle of the cecum showing a successful rate of 100%, without intestinal obstruction, and the liver, spleen, diaphragm and mesenteric lymph nodes metastasis rates were high in all the 20 experimental mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The establishment of mouse models of orthotopic colon cancer by injection of tumor cell suspension into the mesenteric triangle is a simple, rapid, and easy to master procedure, causing less damage to the colon wall, safe and with less trauma to the mice. This method may provide an ideal mouse model of orthotopic colon cancer for the study of pathogenesis as well as liver metastasis mechanisms of colon cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , Cecal Neoplasms , Pathology , Cecum , Colonic Neoplasms , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Feasibility Studies , Liver Neoplasms , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neoplasm Transplantation , Methods
13.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1333-1335, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670033

ABSTRACT

To assess the efficacy and safety of a new traditional Chinese medicine called Naomaixin granules in the treatment of arterial cerebral infarction in convalescent. Methods: A randomized, double-blind and parallel controlled clinical study was carried out, and three sets of parallel controlled clinical design with the test group, positive drug group and placebo group were per-formed. The clinical efficacy of Naomaixin granules on arterial cerebral infarction in convalescent was confirmed based on the main ef-fective indicators including NIHSS scale score and the life state assessment for the patients. Meanwhile, the curative effect of Naomaixin granules on stroke disease with Qi deficiency and blood stasis ( QDBS) was observed. The safety of Naomaixin granules was evaluated as well. Results:The clinical design enrolled a total of 177 cases of patients, including 60 ones in Naomaixin granules group, 59 ones in Mailuotong granules group and 58 ones in the placebo group. After the 4-week treatment,NIHSS scale score, life skills, TCM syn-dromes efficacy and the curative effect of Naomaixin granules group and Mailuotong granules group were better than those of the placebo group(P0. 05). No serious adverse events appeared during the ob-servation. Conclusion:Naomaixin granules are safe and effective in the treatment of atherosclerotic cerebral infarction in convalescen.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 245-249, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328960

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and mechanism of B16F10-ESAT-6-gpi/IL-21 tumor cell vaccine on pulmonary metastasis in mouse model of melanoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve 8-week old female C57BL/6 mice were used in this study. The mice were injected with wild-type B16F10 cells through tail vein after immunization with B16F10-ESAT-6-gpi/IL-21 tumor cell vaccine, and the pulmonary metastasis was observed. The CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells were isolated by magnetic activated cell sorting, and then used for the detection of CFSE/7-AAD cytotoxicity by flow cytometry. Serum from the mice immunized with tumor-cell vaccine was used to detect IFN-γ expression by ELISA. The expression of TGF-β2, ZEB1, E-cadherin, and N-cadherin of tumor tissues was detected by RT-PCR and immunofluorescence, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mice vaccinated with B16F10-ESAT-6-gpi/IL-21 had significantly fewer nodules in the lung and lower lung weight [(285.8 ± 19.01) mg vs. (406.3 ± 27.12) mg], with lower levels of TGF-β2, ZEB1 and N-cadherin proteins but higher level of E-cadherin protein within the tumor tissue, as compared with the control mice. Meanwhile, the immunized mice had significantly increased CD8(+) T cell killing activity [(42.62 ± 3.465)% vs. (22.29 ± 1.804)%] and IFN-γ expression level [(55.200 ± 7.173) pg/ml vs. (6.435 ± 1.339) pg/ml] over the control mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The B16F10-ESAT-6-gpi/IL-21 vaccine can inhibit the metastasis of melanoma in the lung in vaccinated melanoma-bearing mice. This inhibitory effect is associated with CD8(+) T cell immune response and a higher level of IFN-γ, which may influence on the mesenchymal-epithelial transition of tumor cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Cadherins , Metabolism , Cancer Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Homeodomain Proteins , Metabolism , Interferon-gamma , Metabolism , Interleukins , Allergy and Immunology , Lung , Pathology , Lung Neoplasms , Metabolism , Melanoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neoplasm Transplantation , Organ Size , Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta2 , Metabolism , Zinc Finger E-box-Binding Homeobox 1
15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592217

ABSTRACT

Recent years,the rapid development of manufacturing process for ceramic materials improves wear performance,biocompatibility,scratch resistance,no ion release property,wettability,and reduces friction.This makes ceramics become one of the most significant achievements in total hip arthroplasty.Ceramic-on-ceramic prosthesis seems to be one of the best choices for young and active patients.

16.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548750

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To evaluate the clinical effect of the plastic splint on treatment of Colles fracture.[Method]A total of 105 patients with Colles fracture were collected between September 2002 and August 2008.All patients were perfromed using the plastic splint afrer diaplasis.According to Gartland and Werley scoring syste,the function of wrist was evaluated after 3 months.[Result]There are only 2 cases losing during treatment,103 cases were finished.The average excellent to good case was 90.3%,including 80 cases of being excellent,13 of being good,7 of being fair and 3 of being poor.[Conclusion]The plastic splint is exactly effective to treatment Colles fracture,especially,it could effectively relieve swelling and improve the contour of the wrists.Theses all rely on reasonable biomechanics design.

17.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547545

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To describe a new way of arthroscopic posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and evaluate the early stage of follow up results.[Method]Twenty four consecutive cases of isolated and combined posterior cruciate ligament deficiency were studied.Quadriceps tendon patellar bone was used for preparation of "Y" shaped autograft.Double-tunnel of femur were drilled and tibia was inlayed at their anatomical footprint.[Result]All cases were followed up for 24 months to 30months,averaging 24.5 months.Lysholm rating scales were used to make clinical subjective evaluations.Lysholm scores raised from 49.20?1.44 before operation to 87.91?1.52 after operation.Finial Lysholm evaluation showed 7 patients were excellent,16 good,and 1 poor.The good to excellent rate was 95.8%.Anteroposterior translation as clinical objective evaluations was measured with KT-1000.KT1000 arthrometer measurement showed that the average posterior translation improved from 12.85?1.10mm preoperatively to 3.98?1.99mm postoperatively.One patient was graded as failure.[Conclusion]Arthrosopy assisted prodedure of double bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconsruction using quadriceps tendon patellar bone autograft by double-tunnel of femur and inlaying of tibia is effective and reproducible.The short follow up clinical results are encouraging.

18.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546948

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To evaluate the treatment with total hip arthroplasty(THA)using Zweym?ller system for short females with Crowe-Ⅲ and Ⅳ developmental dysplasia hip(DDH).[Method]From January 2004 to December 2006,thirteen THA procedures were performed in 12 female patients with 13 hips.The age of the patients was from 28 to 62 years old(average 51 years).The height was from 1.48 to 1.55 meters.Based on Crowe classification,8 patients with 9 hips were type-Ⅲ,and 4 patients with 4 hips were type-Ⅳ.before surgery,the discrepancy of lower limbs was from 3 cm to 5 cm.All patieds had severe hip pain and dysfunction.The Harris hip score ranged from 35 to 64 points with 40 points on the average.In all procedures the soft tissue was released entirely,the acetabular component was placed in the true acetabulum without femoral osteotomy.[Result]After operation,the legs lengthened from 2 to 5 cm.During the follow-up of 12 to 36 months(average 24 months),no femoral fracture,femoral or sciatic nerve palsy or loosening was detected except one dislocation according to clinical outcomes and X-ray findings.The Harris score was improved from 60 to 95.There was significant difference between before and after operation(P

19.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545917

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the effect of one-stage bilateral hip replacement in the treatment of late stage of hip joint ankylosis.[Methods]Ninteen patients(38 hips)with hip ankylosis were taken as research samples.Patients underwent biologically total hip replacement with posterolateral incision and acetabular plastic repair after second osteotomy.The ankle between acetabulum and femoral body was modulated according to the pre-operative deformation.A larger artificial prosthesis was installed.Early functional exercises were taken after operation.[Results]All cases were given a mean follow-up of 5.5 years(1~8 yrs).Dislocation was found in 2 cases and recovered after manual reduction.Slight fissure fractures were found in 2 hips and no special management was given.Slight heterotopic ossification was found in 6 hips,with grade Ⅰ in 3 hips,grade Ⅱ in 3 hips according to Brooker Classification.No obvious functional influence was found.The flexion-extension range increased from 0? pre-operation to average 81?(65?~115?)and the mean moving range reached 160?(110?~230?).[Conclusion]Bilateral hip replacement is a good method to reconstruct the hip function,promote the living standard.Artificial joint damage in the traditional two stage operations was avoided.It also has advantages of less medical expenses for patients and less pain after surgery.Functional exercises could be started earlier.It is a satisfactory method for the treatment of hip joint ankylosis.

20.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561519

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the inhibitory effect of rofecoxib in human gastric carcinoma tissues established in nude mice by orthotopic transplantation through the expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Methods After the models of human gastric carcinoma in nude mice by orthotopic transplantation were established, rofecoxib was administered intragastrically. The expressions of VEGF and iNOS were evaluated in the local tumors by Envision immunohistochemical method. Results The expression of VEGF protein in isotonic saline group, rofecoxib group and combination group were 81.25%, 61.25%, and 35.00% respectively.There was significant difference between rofecoxib group and isotonic saline group, and so was rofecoxib group and combination group (P

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