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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600885


Objective To explore the application effect of Thymalfasin for injection in the treatment of chro-nic obstructive pulmonary disease.Methods Clinical data of 80 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were retrospectively analyzed.According to different treatment methods,they were divided into the treatment group and control group,40 cases in each group.The control group was given routine treatment,the observation group were given Thymalfasin for injection with thymus method on the basis of conventional treatment.The treatment effect,improve pul-monary function,blood gas and TLC immune function of the two groups were observed.Results The total effective rate of the observation group was 95.0%,which was significantly higher than 82.5% of the control group(χ2 =5.274 5, P <0.05);After treatment in patients with pulmonary function,blood gas to improve the situation and TLC were better than those of the control group(all P <0.05);The rate of adverse reactions of the observation group was 5.0%,which was significantly lower than 20.0% of the control group(χ2 =4.114 3,P <0.05).Conclusion Thymalfasin for injection with thymus method in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease treatment has good effect,high cure rate,less adverse reaction.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413237


Objective To investigate the influences of pain on early neonatal neurobehavioral development Methods 65 newborn infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit( NICU )of our hospital from October,2009 to March,2010 were randomly chosen as the objects of this study.In light of Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assessment( NBNA) revised by Professor Bao Xiulan,examinations were carried out before and after pain stimulation,and a statistical analysis of the results of the examinations was conducted.Results The total scores of NBNA before and after the pain stimulation were (36.49±1.73) vs.(34.80±1.79) respectively,demonstrating a significant difference.Specifically,after the pain stimulation,the scores of behavioral ability and active muscle tension decreased,with a very significant difference.However,there was no significant difference in terms of the scores of passive muscle tone,primitive reflexes and common reactions.Conclusions Neonatal pain exerts influences on early neurobehavioral development,particularly on behavioral ability and active muscle tension.The training of neonatal health care professionals in the management of and the intervention in neonatal pain should be strengthened in order to decrease the adverse effects of pain on neonates.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389194


Objective To understand the level of neonatal pain knowledge and attitudes of neonatal and obstetric department nurses, in order to supply the clinical basis for neonatal pain management. Methods Self-designed questionnaires to fill out on-site were distributed to 107 neonatal and obstetric department nurses (of which 40 were from neonatal department, 67 from obstetric department) for neonatal pain knowledge and attitudes. Results About question of neonatal pain, the average percentage of correct answers in the neonatal group was 75.5%, higher than 66.3% of the obstetric group, in the neonatal group, correct rate of seven questions was more than 80%,while in the obstetric group the correct rate of only one question was more than 80%, and 5 questions correct response rate was significantly lower than that of the neonatal group, the difference was significant. All nursing staff considered it essential or necessary to carry out the nursing knowledge of pain-related training. 95.0%(38/40) of neonatal nurses believed that they could properly assess the extent of neonatal pain, but only 83.6% (56/67) for the obstetric group, the difference between the two groups was significant. 97.5% (39/40) of neonatal nurses believed that they could make the right judgments on neonatal crying, and only 85.1%( 57/67) in the obstetric nurses, the difference between the two groups was significant.Conclusions Neonatal pain has gradually been recognized and paid attention to by the clinical front-line medical staff, they believe that it is necessary to receive training on neonatal pain, knowledge of neonatal pain of neonatal nurses is better than obstetric nurses.

Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 709-711, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406379


Objective To investigate the influencing factors of pain and the changes of vital signs in newborn infants. Methods Forty two newborn infants were rated by the behavioral scale of acute pain in newborn infants. The scores of pain were compared among infants with different gender,gestational age,birth weight,birth age,type of puncture and whether by vaginal birth or not. At the same time,the respiration rate,heart rate,blood pressure and oxygen saturation (SO2)were dynami-cally recorded by the multi-function monitor in the process of puncture. Results The average score of pain was 7.6. There was no significant difference among newborn infants with different gender,gestational age,birth weight and type of puncture(P> 0.05),while significant differences among infants with different birth age and whether by vaginal birth or not (P=0.015 and 0.043 respectively). In the process of puncture,the SO2 was significantly decreased,while the respiration rate,heart rate,sys-tolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly increased. Conclusions Pain is prevalent in newborn infants and accom-panied by obvious changes of vital signs. The means of childbirth and birth age have significant influence on the neonatal pain. It is suggested to pay close attention to the neonatal pain and take effective interventions.